Sunday, March 20, 2011

Notes: Leadership in Islam- Shaikh Faisal

LEADERSHIP IN ISLAM
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

Leadership is important because everything in this Deen is organized
Leadership in Islam is important because everyone has a role to play in Islam
(All of u r sheppards and are responsible for ur individual flock)
  • Obedience to Allah and his Rasul is unconditional
  • But obedience to the Amir is with conditions (they need to obey Allah/Rasul)
  • No obedience to created things when there is disobedience to creator of things

The Man is the amir of the house
Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard (4:34)
And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (2:228)

Allah swt has made for men to excel over women - they provide food, clothing, shelter and protection for their family
But If a man does not maintain the wife financially, he loses his rightsand if wife is disobedient, she loses her rights, as well
Men are rational while women are emotional (need a wali)
You must judge the good CHARACTER and AQEEDAH of a brother (or sister)

Leadership of Islam is in hands of Islamic scholars (inheriters of the prophet)
Leadership represents Rasul therefore the caliph should surround himself w/ Isalmic scholars

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad ), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (4:59)

And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; (23:5-7)

THE CALIPHS of the past - always surrounded themselves w/ scholars to help govern the people - they were zealous to govern according to the Sunnah
WHO CHOOSES THE CALIPH - a panel of respected Islamic scholars
Can't live w/o caliph for more than 3 days

stalwarts: Muhammad  -  Abu Bakr  -  Umar

And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq ), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are! (4:69)

We follow the Islamic Aqeedah (Aqaada- to tie something tight)
A creed tightly intervowen with Quran and sunnah

Importance of following Islamic leadership:
Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness (4:79)

Leaders have to be humble and merciful to subordinates:
And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah's) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him) (3:159)

Applicable to leaders at all levels (ex. a husband over his wife)

Haroon ar-Rasheed Rashid said: be gentle with me ... and u r not good like Mua I am nt evil like the Pharo and when Allah sent Musa to correct the Pharoh, He said bee gentle with the pharoh

Haram for anyone to be a dictator, Allah is the only dictator
Islamic Leadership is not democracy because the majority of ppl will always evil

“The West” is not geographical location. It means that democracy(political system) and capitalism(economic system) where ppl submit to empire (white house)
Democracy is intolerant

It is haram to be in the company of those who ridicule Allah/Rasul or any aspect of the deen:

Kufr bit-Taghoot (rejection of false deities is a pillar of our faith)
What we believe in is Theocracy (rule of Allah)

And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur'an) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell, (4:140)

Islam gives us leaders like Umar (RA) who were god-fearing and who were so careful/ meticulous abt managing the wealth of the muslims not like the evil ppl like we have ruling us today.

Muslim leadership - the worst leader is the one who hates the people and they hate him and the best is the one who loves him and he loves them

Rasul(saw): Ur not a sincere believer until u love for ur brother wat u love for urself

We don’t believe in democracy, we have caliphs and amirs

Rasul(saw): no civilization can prosper that has a woman as head of state
She can manage other affairs at a lesser level (ex. minister of finance, the one thing cannot: minister of jihad (no such thing as ministry of defense)

Best way to choose a caliph is by way of a panel of Islamic scholars
The caliph is responsible for the ppl

CONDITIONS TO BECOME THE CALIPH

1. HAS TO BE MUSLIM
2. CALIPH HAS TO BE MALE
3. CALIPH HAS TO BE MATURE
4. CALIPH HAS TO BE SANE
5. CALIPH HAS TO BE FREE
6. CALIPH HAS TO BE FROM QUREISH (SOME SCHOLARS DO NOT AGREE, BUT IT IS BETTER TO GO WITH A QUREISHI TO AVOID FITNA)
7. CALIPH HAS TO BE A SCHOLAR
8. CALIPH HAS TO BE A MUJAHID, HAS TO HAVE AN ARMY TO CARRY THE BANNER OF JIHAD TO PROTECT THE DEEN AND THE LIVES, HONOUR, PROPERTY OF THE MUSLIMS
9. CANNOT HAVE PHYSICAL DEFECTS OR DISABLED (IE. WHEEL-CHAIR BOUND OR BLIND)
10. CALIPH HAS TO HAVE A LAND (MUSLIM LAND) AS A BASE TO LAUNCH THE CALIPHATE

Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) order for Iqamat-as-Salat. [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakat and they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur'an as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures). (22:41)

11. HAS TO BE FROM THE AQEEDAH OF ASWJ (AHLUS SUNNAH WAL JAMA’A)