Tafseer Surah Baqarah: (Allah’s Khalifah on Earth)
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
(morning dars 4.27.11)
27. Those who break Allah's Covenant after ratifying it, and sever what Allah has ordered to be joined (as regards Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism, and to practise its legal laws on the earth and also as regards keeping good relations with kith and kin ), and do mischief on earth, it is they who are the losers.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INFIDELs and MUNAFIQs
1. He breaks Allah’s covenant
--He breaks the covenant with Allah
--they break ALLAH's covenant by worshiping false deities (the cow (Hindus), buddah (Buddhists), pagan gods , etc.)
2. Breaks things that are not allowed to be broken or join what aught not to be joined
--He breaks family ties. You’re not allowed to break family ties unless that person is antagonistic towards Islam
--The Prophet PBUH broke family ties with Abu Lahab but did he break ties with Abu Talib because Abu Talib was not antagonistic towards Islam, in fact he provided him much needed support
--the kufaar who claim to be Muslims also break apart two things that shud be joined together: Quran and Hadith. They reject Hadith
--or else he joins things that shud not be joined: Islam and Democracy
--Wicked scholars make it halal to vote for man-made law
--our manhaj is the bullet not the ballot
--Deobandi, Sufis, etc make up their own laws, but we, the Salafi Jihadi do not believe in voting
--You can’t believe in Islam and Democracy at the same time
--you need to make up your mind on which to believe in
3. They spread mischief on the earth
--some ppl use their wealyth to guide ppl to Islam/others use it to spread mischief
--eg. They turn tribes against one another: 'divide and rule' (eg what was done in Rwanda)
--Another fasad: They spread drugs in society (Americans spread crack/cocaine into the poor black neighborhoods in the 1980s, now many people think 'Obama is in the Whitehouse things will be better, but rather now there is a backlash against the blacks of America
--Drugs lead women to become prostitutes. men became robbers/smugglers. The Americans are afraid of an invasion ---yet they are already invaded by drugs!
--in places, such as Thailand and Indonesia, they kill you for drug smuggling because they know that’s the real invasion; the drug invasion is the real fasad of the land
--Another fasad: child pornography and they use credit-cards *dajjal wants to get rid of cash and replace it with credit cards so they can keep track of you and know everything about you
--Another fasad: to start wars betw/ nations to create jobs for your citizens/ to make money for banks/weapon corporations
--eg. ROTHCHILDS who lend money to nations, not individuals. They are Jews from Germany, who have more $$ than many nations themselves!. They gave money to the British when British needed it most
--they start and end wars - they are powerful; they can get a man elected President
--So the fasad is to start wars with nations, to provide business to those who sell weapons and other commodities of war
--These people are the masters of fitnah/mischief, yet they claim to be "peace brokers," but they are the ones who start the wars
--when they colonize countries, they don’t leave it in peace, they intentionally leave behind problems to ensure continued turmoil: eg. Kashmir, Cyprus, Palestine
And when it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth," they say: "We are only peacemakers.” Verily! They are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not (2:11-12)
28. How can you disbelieve in Allah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return.
29. He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything.
30. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth." They said: "Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You." He (Allah) said: "I know that which you do not know."
--Angels asked: "What is the hikmah behind creating man?" Allah responded: "I know that which you do not know." [2:30]
--The Angels asked because they believed that man would create much mischief and bloodshed on the earth
--But from among men, you will have: salihoon(righteous), sadiqoon (truthful), ulemah (great scholars), zuhad (they leave the world), mujahideen/shaheeds, anbiyah/rasul (messengers&prophets)
Zuhd = abandon the world, all what matters for you is the hereafter so they don't chase after this life
--Not everyone among men are bad ppl and Allah will not leave us in the lurch;
--ALLAH did not abandon us, He has sent down Guidance (books after books, messengers after messenger!)
--The question of the Angels shows that you’re permitted to question authority, unlike the deviant sects, who worship their scholars and do not even question them
--The Shias will never question their shaykhs but the Angels questioned ALLAH!
--ALLAH has established us as vicegerents (his representatives on earth). He said will put on earth khalifs (those who will implement his Shariah--His Divine Law)
--How did the Angels know that man will spread mischief and shed blood? The Angels used the analogy of the Jinn
Qiyaas = analogy (to use one situation to judge the other)
--The Jinns were on the earth 2000 years before us and when they were on the earth they did many bad/evil things. They misappropriated/misused their free will
--therefore the Angels used the analogy of the free will of Jinn compared to ours and assumed that we will also commit bad acts like the Jinn
31. And He taught Adam all the names (of everything) , then He showed them to the angels and said, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful."
32. They (angels) said: "Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise."
33. He said: "O Adam! Inform them of their names," and when he had informed them of their names, He said: "Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?"
34. And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam.". And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah)
--The Angels used to make a claim amongst themselves: 'We are the most knowledgeable of ALLAH's creation"
--ALLAH taught Adam (as) the names of all things, and ALLAH presented Adam to the angels and Adam proved to be more knowledgeable"Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise."
--You can become a kaafir just by disobeying Allah swt, Iblis believed in the Oneness and Authority of ALLAH, yet he was became of the kafaar because he disobeyed ALLAH!
--You don’t have to deny the existence of ALLAH to be a kaafir, there are other ways to fall into kufr and become a kaafir
--Allah told the angels and Iblees to bow down to Adam to show respect to Adam: This is also proof that sajda to a created being was allowed in the Shariah of Adam---This is not allowed in our Shariah, the Shariah of Muhammad
--Iblis spat on Adam while he was still on the ground without a soul, he displayed envy
Hasad = envy
--Iblis said 'If ALLAH created you to be greater than me, I will never obey you; and if I turn out to be greater than you, I shall surely destroy you"
--Some people entertain the idea that Iblis was an Angel, Angels cannot disobey Allah
--ALLAH tells us that Iblis was of the Jinns to clear up this misconception [18:50]
And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). (18:50)
--The creed that Iblis was an angel is ridiculous! Angels don't disobey the Lord
--ALLAH tells us that that Angels don’t disobey a single commandment of their
Lord; instead they do exactly as they are told [66:6]
O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. (66:6)
--to say Iblis is an Angel contradicts the Qur’an
--that Iblis was an Angel is a concept from Christianity
--why was Iblis in heaven with the Angels?
--The Jinns were on earth 2000 years before man and the Angels came upon to execute ALLAH's wrath on the bad Jinns, so the Angels on earth met Iblis, (who was very handsome), and the Angels adopted Iblis and took him up to heaven). There, Iblis grew up with the Angels and attained much knowledge. When Iblis disobeyed ALLAH, ALLAH turned Iblis into the ugliest of creation. Even though Iblis grew up with the angels, Iblis still retained his nature of the Jinn, the nature of being stubborn and arrogant and prideful (Freewill)
--The 2 creations of ALLAH who were given the free will (men and jinn) misappropriate the free will Allah gave him: that is why there is Paradise for those who use the free will in the correct way, and Hell for those misuse their free will
QUESTIONS and ANSWERS after the DARS:
Q: I live in a community with a lot of masjids and they all make the azhan aloud thru mic. Sometimes it is difficult to say the Sunnah with the muazin. what should I do
Answer: You should be happy for a loud athan, there is no such thing as a perfect salah. In Europe they don’t allow that
Q: which athan do I follow if I want to say the Sunnah?
Answer: you follow the athan of your masjid (your Fajr salah)
Q: Shaikh, you mention that the jinns where on earth 2000 years before the man I never knew this I was taught when Allah create the earth it was for the man and I was taught the man was the first on the earth can you please give me some Hadith on this
Answer: the jinns were here 2000 years before man, how would the Angels know man would create mischief? they had to be here before us (book by ibn kathir)
Q: What is the best way to have energy / motivation to do things, not to be lazy? Is motivation same thing as having eeman?
Answer: different types of laziness - physical, spiritual and intellectual. Set goals for yourself (aims and objectives) and work towards accomplishing them.
-Allah swt rarely asks us question in the Qur’an - but he did ask us: "Where are you going?" [81:26]
Q: What are some ways to make our hearts soft?
Answer: Allah swt doesn't like the heard-hearted [2:74]
Some of you are so addicted to bollywood/hollywood/entertainment, your hearts have become hard - when is the last time you heard a khutbah and cried? abandon the kufaar's entertainment (movies, books, magazines)
--Allah says you can't burn the eyes of muraabit and you can't burn the eyes of the one who cries for fear of Allah swt
Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:74)
Ways to attain soft heart
1. Become: Talib ul Ilm (student of knowledge). SEE [9:119] and [4:145]
2. Attend Friday khutbah where the sermon affects your heart (make sure the masjid has the Aqeedah of the mujahideen. the Imam should love jihad, preach al walaa wal baraa)
--don't listen to khutbah of munafiqeen/ It is better to stay home instead of praying behind a Barelvi
--Although it’s not compulsory on women to go but sisters should go. in Hanbali Fiqh --women can call athan and can touch Qur'an when menstruating
3. Go to a halaqas - once a week (ours is every day here 3pm and 10pm UK time (in this room)
--when your cell phone battery is flat - you recharge it similarly when your heart is flat, you need to recharge your eeman! Weak fall by the wayside -
**IF YOU FORGET ALLAH TALA - HE WILL FORGET YOU**
4. Be in the company of sincere believers
--Hasan said one day he was not touched by a khutbah: either there is a disease in his heart or in his heart. The khutbah ought to touch your heart
5. Turn your home into a seat of learning (not films made by kufaar to only fuel their hatred/wars)
--read Hadith collected by scholars TO MAKE YOUR HEART BECOME SOFT (Bukhari and Muslim - read the 40 Hadeeth) http://fortyhadith.iiu.edu.my/hadiths.htm
Q: sounds same as what to do to achieve greater eeman/taqwa? Is having a soft heart = having taqwa/eeman?
Q: I was reading something about different types of death: "white death, black death, red death, etc." Is this something the Sahabahs talked about? What does it all mean (it was on a previous AT website)?
Answer: signs of good death:
1. He was able to say la ilaha ila allah
2. He had sweat on his forehead
3. He died on his way to seek knowledge
4. He died in his endeavor to do something good
5. He died protecting one of 6 sacred things, they are (life, property, honor/izzah, lineage, aql and deen)
6. He died in an act of Ibaadah (salah, zakah, hajj, and so on)
--Abu Hanifa died in salat - the wicked arrested him/ put him prison for refusing to pass erroneous fatwas). When he learned he was poisoned by them, he prayed constantly and so he died making salah and died a shaheed
7. She died delivering a baby (woman in childbirth)
8. He died drowning in river or sea
9. He died in a pandemic
10. He died as result building fell on top of him
11. He died in fire
12. He dies from a stomach illness
13. he dies on the battlefield fighting for Allah (swt) NOT for democracy but only for ALLAH
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “A person whose last words are Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah [there is no go but Allaah] will enter Paradise.” [Narrated by Abu Dawood, 3116; classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2673]
the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say, “The believer dies with sweat on his forehead.” [Narrated by Ahmad, 22513; al-Tirmidhi, 980; al-Nasaa’i, 1828. Classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]
Q: What is the aqeedahs of most Bengali? And what madhab is prevalent in Bangladesh?
Answer: Madhab of “Bangla” is Hanifa - most are split between Barelvis or Deobandi- they believe in democracy. ASWJ is rare - tawheed is not taught in Asian communities
Q: Please can you give a dars on Allah’s angels.
Answer: dars on Allah's angels was given in the UK – please see:
Q: How does a person learn to become responsible and not a good-for-nothing?
Answer: set yourself goals in life - aims and objectives - Allah tala rarely asks us questions but He asked us: WHERE ARE YOU GOING? [81:26]
Q: Can u teach Aqeedah tul Tahwiyah?
Answer: I ONLY TEACH THIS NOW with addition of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Kathir
ALL OUR TOPICS ON AQEEDAH ARE IN LINE WITH TAHWIYYAH
We can't deviate from these or we'll fall into our own HISLAM
Q: What university would you recommend for sisters to go in regards as to their deen
Answer: any Arab country is good enough but KSA is best
When you study there you will not believe Allah swt is everywhere / with dodgy Aqeedah and you won't be a Mutazalites or Sufi and you will speak fluent Arabic
Q: How can I choose the best goal, if I am in a country where I am unable to achieve these goals?
Answer: make hijrah from where you are [4:97]
Q: does the Qur’an mention suicide? what is the context of that when it mentions it
Answer: it mentions everything but be more specific you're speaking about - it means a person kills himself because he is despondent w/ life; he gave up hope.
And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you (4:29)
Suicide bombing, however, is different. It was made permissible by Yusuf Qardawi (you can't plant bombs on trains, planes - we don't believe in killing passengers)
Q: Can u dedicate a number of sessions teaching aqeedahs tu Tahwiyah - beginning to end?
Answer: na'am, we're going to repeat these
Q: When do Arabic words take a "t" at the end (ie. ummah/ummat, salah/salat, zakah/zakat, and jummah/jummat). Is this a grammatical ending or can the two be used interchangeably?
Answer: Use a “t” at the end of these words only when they are joining a phrase, such as salatul fajr/ zakatul fitr. So do not put T at the end salah = should be “salah.” Same applies for these words: zakah, salah, ummah
Q: Qur'anic Arabic = Qureshi Arabic since the Qur'an was compiled in this dialect? Is there a standard transliteration for Arabic to English today? There appears to many dialects of Arabic in the Ummah today.
Answer: stick to Qur'anic (which is Qureishi) because it's the most classical
There is no standard transliteration/ these are misleading. Learn Arabic
Q: Can cover the 40 Hadith of Imam an Nawawi ?
Answer: na'am, we can do that
Q: who gives the right to Yusuf al-Qaradawi to make suicide bombing permissible and on what merit are we supposed to follow him?
Answer: Albani also made it permissible, we only quoted Qadawi because he was the first to do it - go on YouTube for the fatwa - we're not going to embellish their fatwa
***Shaikh Faisal's notes are transcribed from his LIVE dars by his students. Any inconsistencies in spelling are because several different students are taking down the notes.