Thursday, April 28, 2011

Notes: The Obligation Of Seeking Knowledge- Abu Nusaybah

Know Your Deen: (The Obligation of Seeking Knowledge)
Brother Abu Nusaybah

--It is only thru knowledge can u know Allah (his attribute and his commands) and only thru this knowledge you will know how to worship/obey Him and will give you the clarity to call to the truth
--Every moment: there is a commandment or prohibition
--and Obligations from Allaah that you have to uphold
--A blessing you need to be thankful for
--Or a test you will need to have sabr upon
--How can you fulfill those obligations if you are unaware of them
--And in these times, it is even a greater obligation upon us to try to understand the deen and try to live under the law of Allah
--It is an obligation on us to have Khilafah to defend ourselves behind and protect our sanctities
--our ulemah are all behind bars as are the hundreds of Mugahideen if they are not on the battlefield and we don’t even know about this
--Our obligations are activated by the circumstances; we need to asses our situation.  We need to seek ilm of the deen and know the manhaj how to defend and return the hukm of Allah
--no one has the right to rule/legislate/judge except Allah
"You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e. His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion, but most men know not. (12:40)

--Allah has made us his trustees of the wealth on earth, the kufaar are not allowed unless he is dhimmi or in a covenant
--Allah has commanded Rasul(saw) to fight the kufaar
--Allah has raised us as a best nation to be witnesses over mankind
--We must return to the deen of Allaah aza wa jal , the path of victory, dignity, loftiness
--it is obligatory upon us to seek knowledge of the deen of Allaah
--the deen is wide and has been sent to rule all aspects and all the affairs of mankind and a guidance
--Allah has sent the Quran as a tibyan
--What is known of Islam by Necessity -Salafi Media
And (bethink you of) the day when We raise in every nation a witness against them of their own folk, and We bring thee (Muhammad) as a witness against these. And We reveal the Scripture unto thee as an exposition of all things, and a guidance and a mercy and good tidings for those who have surrendered (to Allah). (16:89)

--Ali(ra) compared what he knows to what he doesn’t know as a to dip your finger in an ocean and what drops of water remain on the tip oif your finger as compared to the rest of the ocean

2 types of knowledge, 1) fardh al ayn 2) fardh al kifyah
1) fardh al ayn is obligitory on everyone to learn/ know
--the halal and haram etc
--even the kufaar know this
--we need to abide by this not just to know
--the best of these matters is Tawheed of Allaah
So know (O Muhammad SAW) that Lâ ilâha ill-allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh)[], and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allâh knows well your moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes). (47:19)
2) fardh al kifyah is sufficient for a few in Ummah to be knowledgeable abt
--science of hadith etc
--if someone wished to go for jihad, he will go for jihad
--if someone is serious about something, they will prepare for it
--if you are serious abt implanting the deen, you need to have a statesman mentality; you need to be aware abt the problems of mankind and the solutions
--we need to know the knowledge of shariah -  you need to know all aspects (eg, trading, marriage) and how to implement it in our daily lives so as to make your own character/behavior in accordance with the Quran/Sunnah
--aspire to become a scholar or a student of knowledge – love them/ do not hate them – keep their company so you can benefit from them
--time was when one masjid contained 500 ulemah, today we can count the ulemah of haqq in the entire world on our fingers!

6 points in path of seeking knowledge
1) Dua to Allah swt – Allah is in charge of all affairs
--the Muslim needs to know: laa howla wa la quwatta ila bilaaah
--And all knowledge comes from him
Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.] (2:255)

2) Sincerity in seeking knowledge - it is an act of worship
--there is no sincerity in seeking knowledge for any reason other than to please Allah (if you seek after reputation you will not be able to achieve sincerity)
--there is no way for a person to have ikhlaas(sincerity) until he understands tawheed properly; and the more you understand tawheed your sincerity will increase
--we shud protect ourselves from allying with the tawagheet

3) Striving and struggling hard in seeking knowledge of Allaah aza wa jal
--we should do all we can to seek the knowledge of the deen in every way possible
--the sunnah was to accompany the scholars --we should be active in seeking knowledge directly from the scholars
--this may not be possible in many cases, but we can use technology to acess our ulemah
--we should be sacrificing our time for this knowledge; the students of illm used to struggle and sacrifice for the ilm, this is how they developed so much appreciation for the the ilm
--you need to have good etiquettes with the alim:
1. you need to trust the alim with your deen ,  when your heart is open to the scholar you will learn from him/her
Among them are some who give ear unto thee (Muhammad) till, when they go forth from thy presence they say unto those who have been given knowledge: What was that he said just now? Those are they whose hearts Allah hath sealed, and they follow their own lusts (47:16)
--5 things u need to check in your scholar in order to develop the trust: usool al deen(tawheed, al wala wal bara, izharudeen(working for khilafah, dawah, Jihad)
--when you find he is good in those things, you can continue with him
2.  you need to ask for knowledge in the correct manner
--Address the scholar with gentle manner
Mûsa (Moses) said to him (Khidr) "May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allâh)?" (18:66)
--patience and attendance (sabr and iqbal)
He (Khidr) said: "Verily! You will not be able to have patience with me! "And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not?" Mûsa (Moses) said: "If Allâh wills, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in aught." (18:67-69)
--you may have to travel and struggle to get ilm
And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: "I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling." (18:60)
--listen and concentrate, do not interrupt or you will miss out on knowledge
So, when the Qur'an is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy (7:204)

4) Avoid all disobedience of Allah, by having Taqwa of Allah
--Abdullaah ibn masood in tafsir Al Baqarah 2:1-2 said taqwa is to remember Allah, to be grateful to Him, to be in His obedience and to stay away from His disobedience
--Taqwa will enable you to gain/benefit from the knowledge, lack of tawa will make you to forget your knowledge
So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything (2:282)
O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan a criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you, and Allah is the Owner of the Great Bounty. (8:29)
--when you disobey Allah, He will take your knowledge away
--the knowledge of Allah is a light, and it is not given to the one who is disobedient to Allah

5) Be neither shy or arrogant
--arrogance will prevent you from learning from ppl (iblees was arrogant)
--Mujaahid said, “The shy person and the arrogant one will not learn the knowledge.” [Reported by Bukhaaree in Kitaabul-Ilm]
--‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, said, “How excellent are the women of the Ansaar, shyness/modesty does not prevent them from understanding the religion."
--you cant be excessively shy when seeking ilm
--you may fall into something which is haram if you do not ask questions
--stick to the topic the sheikh is discussing, correct timing

6) Acting upon and spreading the knowledge
--The aim of seeking all knowledge is to act upon it and seek the pleasure of Allah alone
--the sahabah were alims by night and warriors by day!!!  Men of words and action
--The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “A servants two feet will not move on the Day of Judgement until he is questioned about four things. His youth – how he spent it; his knowledge – how he acted upon it; his wealth – how he earned it and how he spent it and his body – how he used/ wasted it." [Reported by at-Tirmidhee (2417)]
--“A man will be brought on the Day of Judgement and he will be thrown into the fire and his entrails will pour out. It will be said, “Did you not used to order the good and forbid the evil?” He will say, “I used to command you with good and not do it myself and I used to forbid you from evil and do it myself. [Reported by al-Bukhaaree (3094) and Muslim (2989)]