Tafseer Surah Asr
Shaikh Abdullah El Faisal
(evening dars 4.27.11)
--Imam Shafi said if Allah had only revealed this Surah (Surah 103) it would have been sufficient to guide us to the straight path
1. By Al-'Asr (the time).
3. Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma'ruf)which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar)which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah's Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.).
--Only 3 ayats, yet when the Tafseer is given, you will understand the importance of the Surah
--Allah ‘tala is the Creator of everything so he can swear by anything he wants to swear by (he swears by sun/ moon, fig/olive, and Mecca)
--We, the created beings, cannot swear by anything other than Allah (swt)
--Anyone who swears by anyone/anything other than Allah (swt) has commited shirk
Allah's Messenger said: "He who swears by other than Allah, commits Kufr or Shirk." [Ahmed and others]
--Allah ‘tala swears by time to emphasize the importance of time
--we are not supposed to waste time (our time or others time)
--when we speak, we are to speak straight to the point
--the wasters are the brothers of the shaitan (it is ingratitude)
O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. (33:70)
Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayatîn (devils), and the Shaitân (Devil Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (17:27)
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
1. Shahadah (special time to recite: athan/iqamah and tashahud)
2. salah (set time for each 5 daily prayer)
3. zakah (once a year, every year after nisab is met-2.5%)
4. sawm (in Ramadan)
5. hajj (in Dhul hijjah> 8th Mina, 9th Arafah, 10th Muzdaliffah then return to Mina for Eid)
--Your 5 pillars are organized meticulously by time
--5 daily prayers, zakah after nisab is met, fasting in Ramadan, Hajj is in Dhul Hijjah
--Everything has set, special times, everything is organized by time
--Allah ‘tala swears by time to instill in you importance of time
--Man abuses Allah (swt) by abusing time! And you abuse time by wasting time
Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said, "Allâh said: 'The son of Adam hurts Me by abusing Time, for I am Time; in My Hands are all things and I cause the revolution of night and day.’” [Bukhari 6/351; 9/583 and Muslim 4/5581]
--if a child is given an exam and he did not prepare so that when there are only 3 minutes left, he hasn’t answered a single question; the examiner would say by the time you have already failed your test
--similarly, we are in an exam
***THE EXAMINATION CHAMBER IS INSIDE THE GRAVE
HE WHO FAILS TO PREPARE HAS GOT TO BE PREPARED TO FAIL***
3 QUESTIONS WE WILL ALL BE ASKED
1. Who is your Lord?
2. What is your religion?
3. Who was your nabi?
--we ask Allah (swt) to give as "thasbit" firmness / steadfastness
--Allah will give steadfastness/ firmness to the believer
Allâh will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allâh Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter. And Allâh will cause to go astray those who are Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), and Allâh does what He wills. (14:27)
--if you fail your exam, the angel with smash you with a hammer
--if the tallest mountain were hit in such manner it would be reduced to powder/dust
--only ath-thaqalain (man & jinn) cannot hear the cries from the grave
ath-thaqalain = man & jinn
--Rasul (saw) said if you were permitted to hear it, you would die from the shock
--and you would not bury your dead
--Allah ‘tala has chosen to conceal some knowledge (ie. some of His names)
Why? We cannot handle this knowledge and our intellect is too weak to unravel these things
--Christians will fail their exam (their lord is Jesus, ther religion is Christianity)
--Jews will also fail miserably (they think that Muhammad was a nabi only to gentiles (non Jews!)
--neither of them accepts Muhammad (saw) as the final prophet
--if you prefer one race over another because of taqwah, this is not racism, but if you prefer one race over another because of skin color, this is racism,
--Iblis was racist again Adam and all his progeny
--Christians, Jews, Buddhists, Hindus are all going to fail
--Rasul (saw) said: anyone who hears about me and dies rejecting me will be in hell-fire
"By Him (Allah) in Whose Hand Muhammad's soul is, there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of these present nations) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the Message with which I have been sent (i.e. tawheed), but he will be from the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire." [Saheeh Muslim, Vol. 1, No. 284]
--Man is in loss because death is knocking at his door and he is not preparing for his exam which is in the barzakh= grave
barzakh = grave
--if you are dying of thirst in a desert, you need to go search for water similarly you the kuffar who are dying in your delusions, you need to go search for the truth!
You need to go search for a masjid and not become proud and arrogant when the truth confronts you (like nimrod / pharaoh)
--you are going to die whether you like it or not
--you don’t know when the yaqeen hits you
--and you will be unable to answer the questions that are put to you
--all of us will have to sit this exam, the greatest exam, no one is exempted
--and you are not preparing for it?!!
1. Except those who believe (in Islâmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma'ruf) which Allâh has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar) which Allâh has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allâh's Cause during preaching His religion of Islâmic Monotheism or Jihâd).
--Allah tala said: "you are all in a state of loss"
--EXCEPT. there are exceptions: those who believe in the 6 pillars of eeman
6 PILLARS OF EEMAN: Allah, his angels, his books, his prophets/messengers, Day of Judgment and qadr
--If you deny any of the 6 pillars of eeman, you are outside the fold of Islam
O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islâmic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. (2:208)
And Allâh would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allâh is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. (2:143)
--our actions are a part of our eeman
--Allah ‘tala equated salah (prayers) to eeman
--Rasul (saw) said: to remove harm from the road is the lowest branch of eeman
--when a man was caught sleeping with his father's wife, he was killed
’Iman (faith, belief) is slightly (the Arabic word ‘Bid’ is used here and it refers to a number from three to nine) more than seventy branches, or slightly more than sixty branches. The best of those branches is saying, ‘La Ilaha Illallah, and the lowest of them is to remove something harmful from the pathway. And Al-Haya (modesty is one of the branches of iman.’’ [Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah]
And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed; indeed it was shameful and most hateful, and an evil way. (4:22)
--there is no grounds for those who say actions cannot eject you from Islam
(shirk, black magic, spying for the kufaar, etc.. all ejects you from Islam)
--By denying that there are actions that eject you from Islam, you are making haraam, halal
--Murji hold on to this Aqeedah because they don’t want to accept there are sins that take you out of Islam
--you don’t have to deny, only to doubt any aspect of Islam makes you a kaafir because you cannot have doubts in regards to your faith
--people, who contaminate their eeman with doubts, are also in a state of loss
In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allâh has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. (2:10)
Only those are the believers who have believed in Allâh and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allâh. Those! They are the truthful. (49:15)
***THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS A NON-PRACTICING MUSLIM***
--term coined by shaitan because he wants you to apostate and feel comfortable in your apostasy!
--ppl like to hold onto false hope
--if you are not practicing, you are a kaafir
--how to tell if Shahadah is real and they are real Muslims? They take Shahadah, do salah and zakah
--but if they don’t fulfill these conditions they are not Muslims
--there is no such thing as a "non practicing Muslim"
But if they repent, perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give Zakât, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (9:11)
It is not for the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh), to maintain the Mosques of Allâh (i.e. to pray and worship Allâh therein, to look after their cleanliness and their building), while they witness against their ownselves of disbelief. The works of such are in vain and in Fire shall they abide. (9:17)
**YOUR ACTIONS ARE A PART OF EEMAN**
--Everyone is in a state of loss except those who believe (in Islâmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds
--don’t use weaknesses of others to justify your deeds and your kufr
--Umar said revelation does not come down from the sky anymore so we judge you by the apparent
--the kufaar are in a state of loss because they are living a “happy-go-lucky life” while death is knocking at his door
Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may be a witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not Allah's purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful towards mankind. (2:143)
HOW CAN WE TELL HAQQ (TRUTH)? THIS IS MILLION DOLLAR QUESTION
--Allah is al-haqq, Quran is al-haqq, Muhammad is the haqq--> he is a real prophet
--everything he has prophesied has come to pass (what has not yet come to pass, will also come to pass)
--eg. one of the signs of DOJ, the barefooted herdsmen will compete in constructing tall buildings (Dubai)
And say: "Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Qur'an or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism, etc.) has vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish." (17:81)
HOW CAN WE KNOW THOSE WHO SPEAK THE HAQQ (TRUTH)?
1. the kufaar unite against the message
--anytime you see the shaitans(human devils) who hate each other unite against one message, that is the haqq
--they put all their differences aside
--otherwize they are all the time competing with each other over dunya
--chasing after the same thing
--always at each others throats
--you (the Muslim) think the kuffar love each other?
--yet they are bitterly divided!
They fight not against you even together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls. Their enmity among themselves is very great. You would think they were united, but their hearts are divided, that is because they are a people who understand not. (59:14)
--eg. the kufaar gathered together at Battle of Ahzab
--the battle of the trench, also known as the BATTLE OF THE WITS!
2. people cant debate with the truth
--they call for debate but they cannot debate Quran/Sunnah
--their own false Aqeedah doesn’t stand up scrutiny so they resort to slandering, name-calling, character-assassination, backbiting
3. the people who follow the message are people of good character
--he doesnt rely on hearsay (eg. not what your elders / leaders say)
--the Aqeedah is free from whimsical ideas and opinions and free of ritual and customs
--he can defend his beliefs
4. the people who carry the truth are hated, insulted, killed (even by your own ppl)
--truth is insulted (ie. the Europeans insult Allah (swt), Muhammad (saws) and Qur’an and the enemies kill the people of haqq
***WHEN YOU OPEN YOUR MOUTH AND SPEAK TRUTH / HAQQ, YOU WILL HAVE ENEMIES***
--Allah (swt) mentioned sabr after mentioning the haqq because when you speak the haqq, you will be murdered/assainated/persecuted
--those who are honest, they speak the haqq and don’t care what anybody thinks/says/does. Put your trust in Allah
--they may take your life: its part and parcel of calling to the haqq
--it is a powerful message
--Allah ‘tala that if the message had been revealed onto a Mountain, it would be reduced to powder and dust from the fear of Allah
--so before you seek knowledge of Islam, know what you’re going to confront
Had We sent down this Qur'ân on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rendt asunder by the fear of Allâh. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect. (59:21)
--Rasul (saws) gathered the people to deliver the message; he asked his people if they would accept him; they said they never knew him to tell a lie, but it was his own relative: Abu Lahab who antagonized the people against him.
--your own family will be your own worst enemies
O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children are your enemies (who may stop you from the obedience of Allâh), therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (64:14)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful Perish the two hands of Abû Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and perish he! (111:1)
--Encourage each other to hold onto the truth and encourage each other to have sabr
--you will have enemies when you open your mouth to speak the truth
--messengers & prophets had their heads chopped of for the haqq (eg. Yahya (as)
--they were killed because they did not tow the line, they were torch-bearers of truth
--Prophet (saws) himself was unaware what would confront him when he was first conferred prophet-hood
And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave '?s? (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Rûh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel) A.S.]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some you disbelieved and some you killed. (2:87)
5. the people who call for the haqq, don’t compromise their message
--Rasul (saws) said: if you put sun in my right and moon in left hand, I will never give up this message until Allah makes it victorious or I die therein
--a true believer cannot be bought, they never sell out
--only the kuffar have a price because they worship their belly / private parts
--you will never be able to buy out Shaikh Bin Laden, Shaikh Anwar Al-Awlaki, Shaikh Abu Muhammad Al-Maqdisi
The prophet said, 'O my uncle, by Allah, if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left in return for my giving up this cause, I would not give it up until Allah makes Truth victorious, or I die in His service. (104:1)
5 STAGES THE KUFFAR USE TO FIGHT THE HAQQ
-BUY YOU OUT
-PUT SANCTIONS AND EMBARGOES ON YOU
-ASSASSINATE YOU PHYSICALLY
And We have put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and We have covered them up, so that they cannot see. (36:9)
--When all their strategies to combat the haqq fails, they physically try to kill you
--they had men from different tribes in a plot to assassinate Rasul (saws) on the suggestion of Abu Lahab so Rasool’s (saws) tribe would not be able to take revenge
--they form a coalition because are afraid that Muslims will take away their power, their new world order/ we believe in one world order (khlafah)
--This is why Allah ‘tala told us to encourage each other to truth and encourage each other to patience because the road to paradise is steep/difficult
--the easy way leads straight to hellfire
**AND ALLAH ‘TALA SAID: “YOU DID NOT CHOSE THE STEEP HIGHWAY”
And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allâh Alone [in the whole of the world]. But if they cease (worshiping others besides Allâh), then certainly, Allâh is All-Seer of what they do. (8:39)
**MUHAMMAD(SAWS) SAID: ONE OF THE SIGNS OF THE LAST DAYS IS THAT HOLDING ON TO THE DEEN/HAQQ WILL BE LIKE HOLDING ON TO A HOT FIRE COAL
--the kuffar will try to force you to apostate by introducing laws/policies so that it makes it difficult to hold on to the truth because they are addicted to their desires and therefore they cannot follow the haqq. they wish you to be on a level with them
--they know they shud be following this message, but they cant because they are adducted to their desires
Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilâh (god)? and Allâh knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allâh? Will you not then remember? (45:23)
Many of the people of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (toward them) until Allah give command. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things. (2:109)
Intolerable for the Mushrikûn , is that (Islâmic Monothesim) to which you (O Muhammad SAW) call them. Allâh chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience. (42:13)
-But we are carrying the haqq so what can our enemies do to us
QUESTIONS and ANSWERS after the dars
Q1: Shaykh seemed to say that there are sins (other than disbelief) take you out of Islam. How can this be when Allah said every sin is forgivable except shirk? Yet you get killed for major sins, but it does not take you out of Islam
ANSWER 1 – YES, THERE ARE SINS THAT MAKE YOU A KAAFIR (YOU'RE KILLED FOR THEM)
--MINOR KUFR DOESN'T MAKE YOU A KAAFIR BUT MAJOR KUFR DOES
--THERE ARE 25 THINGS THAT MAKE YOU BECOME A KAAFIR
--SPYING FOR KUFFAR: YOU’RE KILLED (in Islamic countries)
--MAN WHO SLEPT W/ HIS FATHER'S WIFE, HE WAS KILLED AS A KAAFIR, SEE [4:22]
Q2 - There is a professor at our university who is a Jew and he teaches a course which is mostly about Islam, and so he teaches totally wrong stuff in the name of True ISLAM and talks ill about, so how should we deal with him??? (We are in the west)
ANSWER 2 - YOU DON'T HAVE THE POWER TO REMOVE HIM - SO YOU MUST PRINT LEAFLETS TO PASS OUT TO GIVE HAQQ (TRUTH)
Q3: Salaam Alaykum, the alim who leads my community participates in interfaith groups, he invited a Baptist minister to eat with the Muslims in Ramadan, he does not mention the shirk of obeying, nor Sharia / Khilafah, when the Florida pastor wanted
ANSWER 3 - difficult to find a good masjid where imam teaches the haqq - people don't want to rock the boat - you can go and establish you're own masjid
--HE IS AFRAID TO UPSET THE STATUS QUO - you can't take deen from him
--HE'S A MUNAFIQH
Q4: Q: if you don’t bury the dead, do they receive punishment? Why Prophet (saws) said, "You would not bury the dead"
The Prophet (saw) said: “The dead are being punished in their graves, and even the animals can hear their voices”. The Prophet (saw) also said: “This Ummah will be tried in their graves. If it were not for fear that you might not bury your dead, I would ask Allah to make you hear what I hear”. (Ahmed)
Q5: is it Sunnah to shake the hand of the kuffar with your left hand; what’s the proof?
ANSWER 5 - NO HADITH TO BACK THIS UP - ASK FOR EVIDENCE
Q6: can you tell us which of these Middle East countries are rising up for the haqq?
ANSWER 6 - THE CLOSEST IS LIBYA and YEMEN b/c they demanded Shariah (those who rose up for democracy exchange one taghoot for another)
Q7: Shaikh you keep talking about the drug invasion, you mentioned today about drugs in Mexico, is it possible that the white kuffar did the same to the people in south America as they did the black people, get them hooked to drugs so they can use it as an excuse to occupy their land and control them in the name of fighting “drug smuggling”?
ANSWER 7- IT'S QUITE POSSIBLE BECAUSE THEY KILL EVEN THEIR OWN PEOPLE TO
FURTHER THEIR OWN CAUSE
--1980s - they flooded black communities w/ crack cocaine
--Noriega of Panama - said he would blow the whistle this is why he was captured and put in prison
Q8: Can the Shaykh tell us about the story of the black stone and the zamzam water?
ANSWER 8 - black stone came down from heaven - it came white but sinful people kissed it so it became black
-Zamzam water - is a blessed water (so she made a well with it) - if she didn't use stones it would be a river in the Middle East; you can't use it for anything but drinking
Q9: Shaikh do we kill him as a kaffir but leave his fate in the aakhirah to Allah?
ANSWER 9 - only if he committed major kufr and IN an Islamic state (not in daar ul harb) ie Jamaica is daar ul kufr (no Muslim blood is on its hands)
--we don’t want the kuffar to think we’re advocating this in daar ul harb (non-Islamic
Q10 -Shaikh; is it allowed to tell the reason for divorcing ones wife or husband even if it is going to tarnish her character though the truth?
ANSWER 10 - if you divorce, you can hide her weakness (the reason for the divorce)
If you do hide the fault, Allah swt will protect your own sins
--we’re only to expose those who are dangerous to us
Q11: I am studying Arabic language in Dubai...but the rate of racism towards d blacks here is too much.....Shaikh is there anything I can do to reduce this??
ANSWER 11 - Shaikh lived there w/o racism - please be patient - you're not permitted to drop out and if you stay, the Saudis will see a strong character in you
Q12: is it a Sunnah to shake the kufr with your left hand or is it a bidah, if it is a Sunnah can you give me the proof?
ANSWER 12 - we answered this question already - We don't have a Hadith who says this
Q13: Q: sheikh would it be haraam if I put stickers on public transport & bus stops that say "Discover Islam" & at the base of the sticker have a link to this chat room? Would that be considered as a form of dawah?
ANSWER 13 - we have no evidence to say it's "haraam" (don't use these words lightly)
Q14: Shaikh is it allowed to join the jammah salah at door of the masjid by making Takbir and going to meet the Iman in ruku in order to meet up with that rakat before the imam rises and then walk to join the rows??
ANSWER 14 - YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO MAKE TAKBIR AT THE ROWS NOT AT THE DOOR
Q15: what’s the story mentioned in the Quran of Mu’min al Firoun
ANSWER 15 - MUMIN AL FIROUN - the wife of the Pharaoh, the magicians, and others, even the woman combing the hair of Pharaoh's daughter
Q16: is it true that hadith says that the angel took the tip of his wing to strike the earth for ismael mother to drink
ANSWER 16 - the angel did this (it's authentic Hadith)
***Shaikh Faisal's notes are transcribed from his LIVE dars by his students. Any inconsistencies in spelling are because several different students are taking down the notes.