Thursday, June 9, 2011

-71- Prophet Yusuf

Yusuf & Zulaikha

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 6.9.11)

Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Clear Book (the Qur'an that makes clear the legal and illegal things, legal laws, a guidance and a blessing). (Yusuf 12:1)

-- if the Quran is clear, why do we need scholars, eg. the 4 great imams : they rely on their aql or Hadith : a scholar can only work with what he has : because Islamic knowledge was being developed and compiled over the years : we have 4 madhabs because the scholars worked with the materials that they had

Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur'an in order that you may understand. (Yusuf 12:2)

-- the Quran is in Arabic : not in Persian or another language, which is not so easy to understand : the Arabic language is the best language : Allah sent the Quran in the best language, via His Best Angel : to His Favoured man Muhammed salah Allahu alahye wasalam and in the best city, Makkah

We relate unto you (Muhammad SAW) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur'an. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Inspiration to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur'an) (Yusuf 12:3)

-- if a woman marries a man and she realizes that he cannot speak Arabic, she can ask for a khula on the grounds that he cannot speak Arabic; only imam Malik does not agree with this

(Remember) when Yusuf (Joseph) said to his father: "O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves to me." (Yusuf 12:4)

-- the story of Yusuf and Zulayka: is a story of love and sibling rivalry
-- we will select many lessons from the story, as we always do
-- the reason why Yusuf was able to see such a dream, was because in his Shariah:
-- it was halal to prostrate to someone ( other than Allah )

He (the father) said: "O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Shaitan (Satan) is to man an open enemy! (Yusuf 12:5)

--in the Shariah of Muhammed it is haraam : Hadith Rasool
--if it was permissible to make Sadjah to someone ......
--the father of Yusuf, Yaqub, said Yusuf 12:5

He (the father) said: "O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Shaitan (Satan) is to man an open enemy! (Yusuf 12:5)

-- Yaqub immediately interpreted the dream
-- and he studied the implications of the dream :
-- that Yusuf will gain mastery over his 11 brothers, he told Yusuf,
-- if you tell your brothers about this dream, they will plot against you an evil scheme
-- and that the shaitan is an enemy
-- he warned Yusuf about sibling rivalry; this is when your brother or sister hates you
-- for being better than them in something
-- when Abu Talib stopped by the Christian monk, on way to Syria with Muhammad (saws) (as a child)
-- the monk told him, ‘do not take Muhammad to Syria’
-- he sent Muhammad back to Makkah: a word to the wise is sufficient
-- Condoleezza rice, advised to put troops into Iraq and Afghan
-- she studied communism : her knowledge was outdated
-- she wasn’t qualified for the job: she doesn’t know about Islam; she gave the wrong advice to Bush

Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of dreams (and other things) and perfect His Favour on you and on the offspring of Ya'qûb (Jacob), as He perfected it on your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ishaque (Isaac) aforetime! Verily, your Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise." (Yusuf 12:6)

-- the Jews came from the offspring of Yaqub : the grandfather of the Jews was Ishaq
-- the grandfather of the Arabs was Ismail
-- the sacrificed one was Ismail not Ishaq

Verily, in Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brethren, there were Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for those who ask. (Yusuf 12:7)

When they said: "Truly, Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother (Benjamin) are loved more by our father than we, but we are 'Usbah (a strong group). Really, our father is in a plain error. (Yusuf 12:8)

-- sa'ileen : those who seek knowledge
-- they are asking how can he prefer Yusuf and Binyamin over us

Lessons to learn:
-- when you have kids, you have to split your love evenly :
-- if you show love to one child over the other, it causes resentment and hatred
-- if you have two wives (Yaqub had 4 wives):
-- Rachael was pious, her two sons were also
-- so Yaqub preferred them over the rest : we are 10 and they are only 2 !
-- this is safety in numbers "
-- Volvo is the safest car : Jews fear death, so they drive Volvo ! :
-- Tooting : was like Pakistan
-- Brixton is Jamaica !
-- why is it that you have these places
-- Whitechapel is like Bangladesh
-- the reason for that is psychologically, you want to be with your "own"
--you find safety in numbers
-- the brothers of Yusuf found safety in numbers
-- Chinatown is central London: Edgeware Road is Arab town
-- when in South Africa, they called the adhan live for the 5 daily prayers
-- during the Apartheid days, they were given all their own areas to live in (Muslims, blacks etc)

"Kill Yûsuf (Joseph) or cast him out to some (other) land, so that the favour of your father may be given to you alone, and after that you will be righteous folk (by intending repentance before committing the sin)." (Yusuf 12:9)

-- there is nothing wrong with living in Muslim areas, but do not be denied education or jobs
-- a person who is emotionally insecure, is very dangerous
-- the brothers of Yusuf were so insecure in the love for their father
-- they plotted to kill Yusuf, so that the love from their father would be directed to them
-- this is not fatal attraction : this was envy and jealousy
-- they have a painting of Salome with her holding the head of Yahya on the silver platter
-- the murder was for sex: she wanted to marry her uncle

One from among them said: "Kill not Yûsuf (Joseph), but if you must do something, throw him down to the bottom of a well, he will be picked up by some caravan of travelers." (Yusuf 12:10)

-- sibling rivalry is such a bad thing that sometimes brothers kill brothers, in the name of envy and jealousy : one of the reasons Cain killed Abel was because he envied him for his wealth : then he was told that he could not marry his twin sister, he would have to give her to Abel :

Allah accepted the sacrifice of Abel but rejected the sacrifice of Cain: he was told that Allah only accepts the sacrifice of the pious

And (O Muhammad SAW) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Habil (Abel) and Qabil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allah), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: "I will surely kill you." The former said: "Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (Al-Ma'idah 5:27)

They said: "O our father! Why do you not trust us with Yûsuf (Joseph), - when we are indeed his well-wishers?" (Yusuf 12:11)

"Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himself and play, and verily, we will take care of him." (Yusuf 12:12)

He [Ya'qûb (Jacob)] said: "Truly, it saddens me that you should take him away. I fear lest a wolf should devour him, while you are careless of him." (Yusuf 12:13)

They said: "If a wolf devours him, while we are 'Usbah (a strong group) (to guard him), then surely, we are the losers." (Yusuf 12:14)

So, when they took him away, they all agreed to throw him down to the bottom of the well, and We inspired in him: "Indeed, you shall (one day) inform them of this their affair, when they know (you) not." (Yusuf 12:15)

And they came to their father in the early part of the night weeping. (Yusuf 12:16)

-- they came to their father in the early part of the night (at Maghrib)
-- why at this time of the night?
-- they were fake tears so they used the darkness of the night
-- the intensive care unit becomes busy at night time:
-- people use the night to perpetrate their crimes
-- Allah gave us Surah al Falaq to seek refuge

So, when they took him away, they all agreed to throw him down to the bottom of the well, and We inspired in him: "Indeed, you shall (one day) inform them of this their affair, when they know (you) not." (Yusuf 12:15)

-- the Ijmaah of the Sahabahs, the Ijmaah of the 4 great imams
-- the Ijmaah of the ummah : you have Ijmaah for good things:
-- there are also Ijmaah -for bad things
-- it was agreed among them : they would dump him in the bottom of the well:
-- how could one be so cruel to ones brother:
-- a mother and father must "split" the love evenly

They said: "O our father! We went racing with one another, and left Yûsuf (Joseph) by our belongings and a wolf devoured him; but you will never believe us even when we speak the truth." (Yusuf 12:17)

-- they came at Isha time, night time, crying :

And they brought his shirt stained with false blood. He said: "Nay, but your ownselves have made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting. And it is Allah (Alone) Whose help can be sought against that which you assert." (Yusuf 12:18)

-- there are 2 types of criminals : the impulsive criminal and calculative criminal
-- the one who baffles the minds of the detectives is the one who calculates his crime
-- plan a, b, c, : he is very careful in his tracks
-- they do not leave evidence at the crime scene
-- the brothers of Yusuf were calculating criminals:
-- they killed a goat and stained the blood with the blood
-- where did they go wrong?
-- Yaqub was no fool.; he was a prophet of Allah
-- THE shirt was intact : there was not a single hole in the shirt .. impossible
-- when the "astronaut" they filmed when they told the world they went to the moon
-- the flag was plopping in the wind
-- are you going to believe everything you hear:
-- they tell you that to be gay is in your genes

Verily! The worst of (moving) living creatures with Allah are the deaf and the dumb, those who understand not (i.e. the disbelievers) (Al-Anfal 8:22)

-- when Aisha was slandered, she recited this ayah:

Verily! Those who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah the wife of the Prophet SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment. (An-Nur 24:11)

Allah revealed Noor 24:11 telling that Aisha didn’t have an affair
-- if you are a scholar of Islam and you are faced with a calamity: you know which ayah to recite

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. (Al-Baqarah 2:134)

-- when they asked Hasan al Basri about the fitnah of Ali and Mu’awiyah
-- he recited Baqarah 2:134
-- what a beautiful answer!

And there came a caravan of travelers; they sent their water-drawer, and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said: "What good news! Here is a boy." So they hid him as merchandise (a slave). And Allah was the All-Knower of what they did. (Yusuf 12:19)

-- when you are faced with a calamity, there is always an ayah in the Quran
-- you can use to answer, solve or avert the calamity
-- what if he froze to death ? how could they have been so cruel to their own brother
-- Sham is very cold!

Narrated Az-Zuhri: Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Said bin Al-Musaiyab, 'Al-Qama bin Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah related the narration of 'Aisha, the wife the Prophet, when the slanderers had said about her what they had said and Allah later declared her innocence. Each of them related a part of the narration (wherein) the Prophet said (to 'Aisha). "If you are innocent, then Allah will declare your innocence: but if you have committed a sin, then ask for Allah's Forgiveness and repent to him." 'Aisha said, "By Allah, I find no example for my case except that of Joseph's father (when he said), 'So (for me) patience is most fitting.' " Then Allah revealed the ten Verses:-- "Verily those who spread the slander are a gang amongst you.." (24.11) Bukhari Book #60, Hadith #212

And they sold him for a low price, - for a few Dirhams (i.e. for a few silver coins). And they were of those who regarded him insignificant. (Yusuf 12:20)

-- Yusuf had half the beauty of creation but those who found him didn’t regard him as a person of importance because he had no shirt on his back : they thought he would be of no importance (to his family )

And he (the man) from Egypt who bought him, said to his wife: "Make his stay comfortable, may be he will profit us or we shall adopt him as a son." Thus did We establish Yûsuf (Joseph) in the land, that We might teach him the interpretation of events. And Allah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not (Yusuf 12:21)

-- they hid him so that his relatives would not see him and ask for him
-- they had a caravan of palm trees
-- the minister of finance in Egypt : ( the husband of Zulayka )
-- he entertained a good vision of Yusuf
-- but the people who found Yusuf didn’t see him as importance : he was educated
-- when someone is educated, they plan ahead
-- the uneducated merely worries about what he will eat today
-- the west are buying up all the oil: more oil = more power
-- the people who found Yusuf were of low mentality:
-- they sold him for a small price
-- the government minister bought him and said
-- 'one day we will gain benefit from the boy,‘let us adopt him’
-- he was sterile, he was unable to impregnate a woman:
-- some Hadith suggest he was impotent
-- he couldn’t get an erection: he had a pretty wife as a status symbol

And when he [Yûsuf (Joseph)] attained his full manhood, We gave him wisdom and knowledge (the Prophethood), thus We reward the Muhsinûn (doers of good) (Yusuf 12:22)

And she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him (to do an evil act), she closed the doors and said: "Come on, O you." He said: "I seek refuge in Allah (or Allah forbid)! Truly, he (your husband) is my master! He made my stay agreeable! (So I will never betray him). Verily, the Zalimûn (wrong and evil-doers) will never be successful." (Yusuf 12:23)

And indeed she did desire him and he would have inclined to her desire, had he not seen the evidence of his Lord. Thus it was, that We might turn away from him evil and illegal sexual intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen, guided slaves. (Yusuf 12:24)

So they raced with one another to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back. They both found her lord (i.e. her husband) at the door. She said: "What is the recompense (punishment) for him who intended an evil design against your wife, except that he be put in prison or a painful torment?" (Yusuf 12:25)

-- many people think that only men carry out sexual harassment
-- women also commit sexual harassment
-- women lust - Allah told the woman and the man to lower the gaze
-- this story is a story of sexual harassment : she was aggressive about her needs
-- she tore his shirt from the back:
-- when ever there is a servant in the house this can cause fitnah
-- women have affairs with their drivers or gardeners:
-- men have affairs with maids and secretaries

-- in the time of Rasool: a woman slept with her servant boy;
-- the boy got lashes
-- as he was unmarried but her crime was adultery, so she was stoned to death
-- Fatima asked the prophet for a maid: he refused and told her the tasbeeh
-- maids are very dangerous because they can cause trouble between spouses
-- that is why the Rasul did not give Fatima a maid

He [Yûsuf (Joseph)] said: "It was she that sought to seduce me," - and a witness of her household bore witness (saying): "If it be that his shirt is torn from the front, then her tale is true and he is a liar! (Yusuf 12:26)

Yusuf had half of the beauty of the world
--Zulaikha could not resist him and she wanted to commit zina with him.

"But if it be that his shirt is torn from the back, then she has told a lie and he is speaking the truth!" (Yusuf 12:27)

So when he (her husband) saw his [(Yûsuf's (Joseph)] shirt torn at the back; (her husband) said: "Surely, it is a plot of you women! Certainly mighty is your plot! (Yusuf 12:28)

When Zulaikha was about to act upon her lust, her husband (the Aziz) came
--she accused Yusuf indirectly but Yusuf denied the accusation