Wednesday, June 15, 2011

-81- Lessons for Men of Understanding

Tafseer Surah Yusuf: Lessons for Men of Understanding
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 6.15.11)

At the last dars, we stopped at ayah 72

They said: "We have missed the (golden) bowl of the king and for him who produces it is (the reward of) a camel load; I will be bound by it." Surah Yusuf 12:72

-- this was a plot to get his brother to stay behind with him in Egypt:
-- because the king had a golden bowl...
-- do not think that you can drink or eat out of silver or gold utensils
-- it is haraam in Islam

3 ways to swear
-- wallahi : billahi : tAllahi :

Narrated Um Salama: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle said, "He who drinks in silver utensils is only filling his abdomen with Hell Fire." Bukhari, (Book #69, Hadith #538)

They [Yusuf's (Joseph) men] said: "What then shall be the penalty of him, if you are (proved to be) liars." Surah Yusuf 12:74


The Shariah of Abraham said if you steal,
--you become the slave of the person you stole from

The Shariah of Muhammad (saws) says you need to steal above
--(example: $300 USD) that you chop off hand of the person
--you need 2 witnesses for stealing
--for zina, you need 4 witnesses

They [Yûsuf's (Joseph) brothers] said: "His penalty should be that he, in whose bag it is found, should be held for the punishment (of the crime). Thus we punish the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers)!" (Surah Yusuf 12:75)

Yusuf put the golden bowl in the bag of his youngest brother, Binyamin

So he [Yûsuf (Joseph)] began (the search) in their bags before the bag of his brother. Then he brought it out of his brother's bag. Thus did We plan for Yûsuf (Joseph). He could not take his brother by the law of the king (as a slave), except that Allâh willed it. (So Allâh made the brothers to bind themselves with their way of "punishment, i.e. enslaving of a thief.") We raise to degrees whom We will, but over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing (Allâh). (Surah Yusuf 12:76)

--but he searched the bags of the other brothers first
--he wanted to have Binyamin caught so he would stay with Yusuf at the palace, as a slave, just to be with him
-- They bound themselves together with the Shariah of Abraham
-- When the bowl was found in the bag of Binyamin, they said his brother was also a thief

They [(Yûsuf's brothers] said: "If he steals, there was a brother of his [Yûsuf] who did steal before (him)." But these things did Yûsuf keep in himself, revealing not the secrets to them. He said (within himself): "You are in worst case, and Allâh is the Best Knower of that which you describe!" (Surah Yusuf 12:77)

They said: "O ruler of the land! Verily, he has an old father (who will grieve for him); so take one of us in his place. Indeed we think that you are one of the Muhsinûn. (Surah Yusuf 12:78)

The Prophet said: ‘A believer is not stung from the same hole twice.’(Sahîh Bukhârî, Sahîh Muslim)


-- when the golden bowl of the king was found, they said if he is a thief,
-- then he had a brother who was also a thief before him
-- they were talking about Yusuf,
-- he was standing right there beside him
-- Yusuf said within himself their situation was appalling.
-- the older brother swore by Allah that they would take care of Binyamin
-- when they wanted to take him to Egypt
-- Yaqub said why he should trust him with you
-- because a believer is not bitten in the same hole twice :

The Prophet said: ‘A believer is not stung from the same hole twice.’(Sahîh Bukhârî, Sahîh Muslim)

-- Yusuf was in power and authority in the land of Egypt : he told the brothers
-- that he would not give you any food ( corn ) unless they bought their brother Binyamin with them .

They said: "O ruler of the land! Verily, he has an old father (who will grieve for him); so take one of us in his place. Indeed we think that you are one of the Muhsinûn. (SURAH YUSUF 12:78)

-- They said this because Yaqub had already lost Yusuf
-- and when he lost Yusuf he cried until he became blind!
-- He couldn’t cope with the loss of Yusuf, even though he was a prophet : Yusuf was his favorite son
-- the brothers saw the plight of their father(that he cried until he became blind)
-- this (12:78 ) proves that they had moved on with their faith
-- they tried everything possible to save Binyamin

So, when they despaired of him, they held a conference in private. The eldest among them said: "Know you not that your father did take an oath from you in Allâh's Name, and before this you did fail in your duty with Yûsuf? Therefore I will not leave this land until my father permits me, or Allâh decides my case (by releasing Benjamin) and He is the Best of the judges. (SURAH YUSUF 12:80)

-- the character of the king of Egypt : he was not a dhalim ( wrongdoer) :
-- he gave Yusuf independence in implementing laws ( the Shariah of Ibrahim )
-- you are not allowed to use this claim that if you work for a kaafir king
-- its ok because Yusuf did so you are not allowed to slander Yusuf
-- he implemented the Shariah of Ibrahim
-- because Binyamin was the one who they found the property with
-- so they had to keep him behind
-- they held a private conference :
-- the brothers were no ashamed that they failed their father twice
-- with his two favorite sons

"Return to your father and say, 'O our father! Verily, your son (Benjamin) has stolen, and we testify not except according to what we know, and we could not know the unseen! (SURAH YUSUF 12:81)

-- this would be embarrassing also to Yaqub that one of his sons has stolen
-- after giving them the best of upbringings .

He [Ya'qûb (Jacob)] said: "Nay, but your ownselves have beguiled you into something. So patience is most fitting (for me). May be Allâh will bring them (back) all to me. Truly He! only He is All-Knowing, All-Wise." (SURAH YUSUF 12:83)

And he turned away from them and said: "Alas, my grief for Yûsuf (Joseph)!" And he lost his sight because of the sorrow that he was suppressing. (SURAH YUSUF 12:84)


Yaqub became blind because of the sorrow of losing Yusuf

They said: "By Allâh! You will never cease remembering Yûsuf (Joseph) until you become weak with old age, or until you be of the dead." (SURAH YUSUF 12:85)

He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allâh, and I know from Allâh that which you know not. (SURAH YUSUF 12:86)


-- who were responsible for their father’s blindness.. : they were
-- if a Muslim boy is taking drugs, and the mother became sick with high blood pressure, who is responsible
-- the boy with his evil deeds : when the sons of Yaqub saw him going blind with sorrow for losing Yusuf
-- they became guilty : Ayah 85

"O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allâh's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allâh's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve." (SURAH YUSUF 12:87)

3 ayahs in the Qur’an should stop us from despairing:

1. Al Baqarah 2:286

Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. Al Baqarah 2:286

2. Al Zumar 39:53

Say: "O 'Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (SURAH AZ-ZUMAR 39:53)

-- you were told by Allah not to despair : 39:53 : Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins.

3. As-Shahr 94:5-6

Verily, along with every hardship is relief, (5) Verily, along with hardship is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs). (SURAH AS-SHAHR 94:5-6)

-- these are the 3 ayahs that are supposed to stop you from despairing as a Muslim

Then, when they entered unto him [Yûsuf (Joseph)], they said: "O ruler of the land! A hard time has hit us and our family, and we have brought but poor capital, so pay us full measure and be charitable to us. Truly, Allâh does reward the charitable." (SURAH YUSUF 12:88)

-- Yaqub said no one despairs except al kaafiroon

and never give up hope of Allâh's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allâh's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve." (SURAH YUSUF 12:87)

He said: "Do you know what you did with Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, when you were ignorant?" (SURAH YUSUF 12:89)


-- the scholars of Islam have said when Yusuf asked the question he was crying
-- this was a big clue that this person was Yusuf
-- his tears gave him away that he was on fact Yusuf
-- he realized that his brothers were no longer ignorant
-- they were now mature men and no longer jahil

They said: "Are you indeed Yûsuf (Joseph)?" He said: "I am Yûsuf (Joseph), and this is my brother (Benjamin). Allâh has indeed been gracious to us. Verily, he who fears Allâh with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allâh makes not the reward of the Muhsinûn to be lost." (SURAH YUSUF 12:90)

-- Yusuf realized his mother Rachel and his father Yaqub was suffering
-- the question asking them what they did with Yusuf gave it away
-- that he was indeed Yusuf

They said: "By Allâh! Indeed Allâh has preferred you above us, and we certainly have been sinners." (SURAH YUSUF 12:91)

-- even though we dumped you in the bottom of the well
-- and left you with no shirt on your back
-- now the table has turned, we are at your mercy

He said: "No reproach on you this day, may Allâh forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy! (SURAH YUSUF 12:92)

-- in other words he had forgiven them for what they did to him :
-- Yusuf forgave his brothers so that Allah will forgive them
-- if a person wrongs you . Allah will never forgive them
-- unless you forgive them yourself
-- they will have to give you all your good deeds,
-- if they don’t have any good deeds to give you then
-- they will take your evil deeds upon their scales

"Go with this shirt of mine, and cast it over the face of my father, he will become clear-sighted, and bring me all your family." (SURAH YUSUF 12:93)

-- you cannot come on Judgment Day with dollars or pounds
-- the only currency Allah will accept from you on Judgment Day are your good deeds

And when the caravan departed, their father said: "I do indeed feel the smell of Yûsuf (Joseph), if only you think me not a dotard (a person who has weakness of mind because of old age)." (SURAH YUSUF 12:94)

-- even after so many years ...

And when the caravan departed, their father said: "I do indeed feel the smell of Yûsuf (Joseph), if only you think me not a dotard (a person who has weakness of mind because of old age)." (SURAH YUSUF 12:94)

Then, when the bearer of the glad tidings arrived, he cast it (the shirt) over his face, and he became clear-sighted. He said: "Did I not say to you, 'I know from Allâh that which you know not.' " (SURAH YUSUF 12:96)

They said: "O our father! Ask forgiveness (from Allâh) for our sins, indeed we have been sinners." (SURAH YUSUF 12:97)

-- the shirt of Yusuf was thrown over the face of Yaqub, he regained his sight
-- they begged their father to make dua and ask Allah to forgive them

O you who believe! If a Fasiq (liar — evil person) comes to you with any news, verify it, lest you should harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful for what you have done. (SURAH HUJRAAT 49:6)

-- if Allah decides to elevate a person , regardless of how much you try to put that person down
-- Allah will elevate that person

He said: "I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you, verily He! Only He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful." (SURAH YUSUF 12:98)

Then, when they came in before Yûsuf (Joseph), he betook his parents to himself and said: "Enter Egypt, if Allâh wills, in security." (SURAH YUSUF 12:99)

And when the caravan departed, their father said: "I do indeed feel the smell of Yûsuf (Joseph), if only you think me not a dotard (a person who has weakness of mind because of old age)." (SURAH YUSUF 12:94)


Then, when the bearer of the glad tidings arrived, he cast it (the shirt) over his face, and he became clear-sighted. He said: "Did I not say to you, 'I know from Allâh that which you know not.' " (SURAH YUSUF 12:96)

They said: "O our father! Ask forgiveness (from Allâh) for our sins, indeed we have been sinners." (SURAH YUSUF 12:97)


-- the shirt of Yusuf was thrown over the face of Yaqub, he regained his sight
-- they begged their father to make dua and ask Allah to forgive them

O you who believe! If a Fasiq (liar — evil person) comes to you with any news, verify it, lest you should harm people in ignorance, and afterward you become regretful for what you have done. (SURAH HUJRAAT 49:6)

-- if Allah decides to elevate a person , regardless of how much you try to put that person down, Allah will elevate that person

He said: "I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you, verily He! Only He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful." (SURAH YUSUF 12:98)

Then, when they came in before Yûsuf (Joseph), he betook his parents to himself and said: "Enter Egypt, if Allâh wills, in security." (SURAH YUSUF 12:99)

And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: "O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the Bedouin-life, after Shaitân (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He wills. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. ( (SURAH YUSUF 12:100)


-- the Bedouin life was a rough life, in which they only drank camel milk and ate dates
-- the dream of Yusuf the sun ( mother Rachael) moon
-- (father Yaqub) : 11 stars ( his 11 brothers )
-- Yusuf saw the moon, the sun, and the 11 stars bowing down to him
-- ALLAH has come to fulfill the dream he saw in his past

3 types of dreams
-- the good dream is from ALLAH - all prophet’s dreams are revelations
-- prophets do not see bad dreams:
-- they see dreams that are good and they come to pass
-- the bad dream-this is from Shaytan
-- dream from our nafs--these dreams have no meanings

"My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me something of the interpretation of dreams - the (Only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Walî (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, God, Lord) in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die as a Muslim (the one submitting to Your Will), and join me with the righteous." (SURAH YUSUF 12:101)

--Yusuf said to his father ALLAH has favoured him much,
--taught him about the interpretation of dreams
--Yusuf made a duaa to ALLAH to accept him among the righteous

That is of the news of the Ghaib (unseen) which We reveal to you (O Muhammad SAW). You were not (present) with them when they arranged their plan together, and (while) they were plotting. (SURAH YUSUF 12:102)

And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly. (SURAH YUSUF 12:103)

And no reward you (O Muhammad SAW) ask of them (those who deny your Prophethood) for it, it(the Qur'ân) is no less than a Reminder and an advice unto the 'Alamîn (men and jinn). (SURAH YUSUF 12:104)

And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth they pass by, while they are averse therefrom. (SURAH YUSUF 12:105)


And most of them believe not in Allâh except that they attribute partners unto Him [i.e. they are Mushrikûn -polytheists]. (SURAH YUSUF 12:106)

-- the Jews and Christians commit Shirk because they take priests and rabbis as their lords because they legislate besides ALLAH

Do they then feel secure from the coming against them of the covering veil of the Torment of Allâh, or of the coming against them of the (Final) Hour, all of a sudden while they perceive not? (SURAH YUSUF 12:107)

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "This is my way; I invite unto Allâh (i.e. to the Oneness of Allâh - Islâmic Monotheism) with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allâh i.e to the Oneness of Allâh - Islâmic Monotheism with sure knowledge). And Glorified and Exalted is Allâh (above all that they associate as partners with Him). And I am not of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh; those who worship others along with Allâh or set up rivals or partners to Allâh)." (SURAH YUSUF 12:108)


--this is the way to ALLAH, you may not give dawah without having firm knowledge
--This is the ONLY way, there is NO other way
--The scholars who take the footsteps of Rasul(saws) arm themselves with knowledge.

“Scholars are the inheritors of the prophets.” [Related by Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Nasa'i, Ibn Maja, Ahmad, Ibn Hibban, and others]

--You do not call people with bid'ah, but you must do it with the correct knowledge.
--SUBHANALLAH means ALLAH does not make any mistakes but we as humans do.

In bible, many accusations are made to ALLAH.

And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. Genesis 6:6 KJV

--Human imperfections are given to ALLAH in the Bible

And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men, whom We revealed from among the people of townships. Have they not traveled in the land and seen what was the end of those who were before them? And verily, the home of the Hereafter is the best for those who fear Allâh and obey Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds). Do you not then understand? (SURAH YUSUF 12:109)

--Men are sent to guide people
--If angels were sent, people would have used it as an excuse
--saying angels are too hard to imitate
--we are encouraged to travel through the earth in order to see the fate of those
--that were destroyed by ALLAH due to their disobedience
--there is an appointed time for every nation a time for its destruction.

And every nation has its appointed term; when their term comes, neither can they delay it nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment). (SURAH Al-ARAF 7:34)

Every civilization will crumble. No one can delay it or bring it forward even for an hour.

(They were reprieved) until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied (by their people), then came to them Our Help, and whomsoever We willed were rescued. And Our Punishment cannot be warded off from the people who are Mujrimûn (criminals, sinners, disbelievers, polytheists). (SURAH YUSUF 12:110)

Desperate people resort to desperate solutions and means

Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Quran) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of Allâhs existing Books which were before it [the Taurât (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allâh] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe. (SURAH YUSUF 12:111)

All stories in Qur'an contains lessons for men of understanding
--each stories in Qur'an has over 100 lessons