Sunday, June 19, 2011

-88- Description of the Prophet's Prayer

The description of the Prophets Prayer
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 6.19.11)

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--salah is blessed by ALLAH, and enhances the love between spouses and family**

Verily, those who recite the Book of Allah (this Qur'an), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, they hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. Fatir 35:29

Salah is tijaara (investment): good deeds are only currency in Hereafter
--salah is referred to as tijaara here in this ayah, which means a transaction or a trading investment
--because it is the only currency that ALLAH accept from you is your pious deeds
--the only currency ALLAH accepts from you is your salah
--salah is a divine gift from ALLAH and a mercy from HIM on Isra wal Mi'raj
--reward of 50 salah will be given although you pray only 5 times
--in sadjah, you are the closest to ALLAH and Shaytan is extremely angry
--in sajda you’re allowed to beg ALLAH for anything you want
--invoke ALLAH with much duaa because it is likely to be responded
--it is the closest you get to ALLAH
--sajda is the best position for you to supplicate to your LORD
--salah provides the minimum level of exercise you need for excellent health
--the minimum amount of exercise you need to fight obesity, and to lower cholesterol levels or
--fight heart disease etc = is all accomplished when you establish you 5 daily salah
--the person who calls the athan, it is better for him to in the state of wudu
--but if he’s not then the athan is still valid
--Adhan with wudhu is better but without is also valid
--person calling adhan should be a practicing Muslim on the outside
--‘Hayya alas salah’ ‘Hayya alas salah’ say "laa hawla laa wala quwwa
--if anyone tries to pass you, stop him and if he insist then him for a Shaytan is with him
--better to wait 40 years for the musallee [one making salah] to finish rather than walk in front of him
--musallee must use a sutra as high as a hand span

by Imam Nawawi Chapter 343 pg 1758. Abu Juhaym 'Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn as-Simma al-Ansari said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, "If the person passing in front of the man praying knew what he was incurring, he would find it preferable to wait forty rather than pass in front of him." The narrator said, I do not know whether he said forty days or forty months or forty years." [Agreed upon]

3 things, which if walk in front of the musallee, then the salah is nullified:
an adult woman
a donkey
a black dog (shaytan)

Al Bukhaari and Muslim report that Rasoolullah (SAW) said “If the one who passes in front of one who is praying knew what (sin) he incurs, he would realize that waiting for forty is better than passing in front of him.”

--permissible facing a stick which is planted on the ground, a tree, a pillar, wife lying on the ground, an animal
--salah in house of kaafir: find a room where no pictures are hanging or shown
--in churches, Umar (ra) did not pray in it because of pictures

“…when ‘Umar went to Syria, one of the prominent Christians made some food for him and invited him to eat, and ‘Umar said We will not enter your churches or pray in them because of the images and statues in them. Neither ‘Umar nor Ibn ‘Abbaas objected to that except because of the statues in them. Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said in al-Tamheed (5/227)

--scholars said you may not pray in those places where there are graven images
--Ibn Abbas (ra) did not pray in them, either
--if no images in churches, you may pray in them

by Imam Nawawi Chapter 343 pg 1758. Abu Juhaym 'Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn as-Simma al-Ansari said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, "If the person passing in front of the man praying knew what he was incurring, he would find it preferable to wait forty rather than pass in front of him." The narrator said, "I do not know whether he said forty days or forty months or forty years." [Agreed upon]


1- graveyards
2- streets where pedestrians walk
3- where garbage/trash/rubbish is dumped
4- where animals are tied up
5- toilet
6- on top of Ka'ba

--haraam to pray facing the grave when in salah
--if you see a dream where you are praying on top of the kaaba, it means you have lost your eeman
--Rasulullah saws prayed janaza over the woman after she was buried

He (PBUH) said, "Why did you not inform me?'' (It seemed as if) they (Companions) considered the matter insignificant. Then he (PBUH) said, "Show me her (or his) grave.'' When it was shown to him, he offered (Janaza-funeral) prayer over it and said, ""These graves cover those in them with darkness, and Allah illumines them for the inmates as a result of my supplication for them". [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

If people walk behind the sutra, salah is valid
--because of this Hadith, the Hanbalis, say it is permissible to pray janaza over a person
--even if they have already been buried; Imam Malik did not agree
--Rasulullah (saws) performed janaza after her burial
--Ibn Hanbal used that Hadith to say it is permissible
--Malikis said no out of fear of Shirk
--correct opinion is the Hanbali opinion


--niyyah must be according to salah you will perform
--sunnah for Fajr is 2 ra'kat
--fard are 2 and if you mix up the intentions, salah is bautil
--intention must be specific to salah and their types
--intention must be before the opening takbir

--if a salah is mixed up with another, it is invalid
--if you are traveling, if Imam is praying Asr in masjid, you may make intention to pray dhuhr
--Hanafis differed saying it is not correct and must be same as Imam
--correct opinion is Ibn Hanbal

Takbir Ihram opening takbir
--intention is in heart not verbally
--intention for salah is in the heart not to express it with tongue
--Takbir Ihram musallee must raise hands and say it
--must not be said out loud unless you are Imam or leading salah
--if praying alone, must not be said aloud
--same whether fard of nafl salah
--follower of Imam may repeat takbir out loud for the jama’ah to hear it
--haraam to make ruku' with the Imam or before the Imam
--all acts must be done after the Imam
--when Imam says takbir before or after he raises hands or simultaneously
--raise hands to level of earlobes
--put hands on the chest, right hand over the left

Wa'il b. Hajr said "I prayed with Prophet Muhammad(saw) and he put his right hand over his left hand over his chest."(Ibn Khuzaimah, Abu Dawud, Muslim

--stated in Muwatta of Imam Maalik
--Ibn Hanbal is of that opinion
--Abu Hanifa said hands are under the navel
--Shia don’t put their hands on chest or under navel
--Ibn Hanbal said salah of man and woman are identical while Imam Abu Hanifa said there is a difference
--correct opinion is Hanbali
--not allowed to pray when hungry and food is provided

Sahih Bukhari 7.374, Narrated 'Aisha The Prophet said, "If the Iqama for ('Isha') prayer is proclaimed and supper is served, take your supper first."
--delay salah when food is served no matter the salah: because khushu [being solemn and attentive] is a must
--make sure you answer the call of nature before salah
--makrooh to pray with eyes closed, you must look at spot where sadjah is to be made
--makrooh to look at sky while in salah

Duaa al Istiftaah: (the opening Dua)

--make intention when ready to pray the specific salah
--no niyyah, no salah
--intention is before the takbir ihram
--after takbir ihram, haraam to eat or talk
--pray right hand over the left on chest

The Prophet (Sallalahu alaihi wa salaam) said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.
(Sahih Bukhari Book 1 Vol 1, Hadith 604)

--Rasulullah (saws) said to pray as you seen him pray
--opening dua (Istiftaah) must be said quietly
--begin to say al Fatiha after seeking refuge in ALLAH and saying the Bismillah

Abu Hurayrah narrated "People should avoid lifting their eyes towards the sky while supplicating in prayer, otherwise their sight can be snatched away". Sahih Muslim

--al Fatiha must be said according to number of ra’kat of that specific salah
--women calling adhan is permitted according to Hanbali Madhab
--salah is haraam behind someone who doesn't know al Fatiha
--sunnah to pause after each ayat of al Fatiha
--if no pause is taken, salah is valid
--al Fatiha is not to be to be recited behind Imam if salah is loud

So, when the Qur'ân is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy. [i.e. during the compulsory congregational prayers when the Imâm (of a mosque) is leading the prayer (except Surat Al-Fatiha), and also when he is delivering the Friday-prayer Khutbah]. [Tafsir At-Tabari] Al-Araf 7:204

And when the Qur'an is recited, give ear to it and pay heed, that ye may obtain mercy. Al-Araf 7:204

--ifs salah is silent, followers must recite al Fatiha for themselves - Al-Araf 7:204
--sunnah to recite another Surah following al Fatiha
--if you forget a Surah after al Fatiha, salah is valid
--it is sunnah to recite a Surah after al Fatiha is only sunnah
--if you do not recite another Surah your salah is accepted

--the sunnah is that when you are leading people in salah, you should recite short Surahs
--when leading salah, recite short Surah for convenience of the people
--especially the weak and pregnant that are praying with you
--if you are praying alone.. you can recite as long as you want
--if by yourself, it is your choice
--Fatiha is recited in every rakah: if you do not recite it in every salah your salah is invalid
--the loud prayers are seven
--Fatiha is recited in every rakah - if you do not recite it in every rakah, your salah is bautil


1. Fajr
2. Maghrib
3. Isha'
4. Tarawih
(8 or 20 ra’kat)
--Tarawih can be 8 or 20
--you are not allowed to criticize anyone for the amount of rakah in Tarawih

5. the two Eid: Eid al Fitr and Eid al Adha
--Eid salah has no adhan or Iqama (it is bid’ah)

6. Salatul Istikhara
--salah for rain

7. Istisqah
--salah for eclipse of moon
-- praying salat al janaza loud is a bid’ah
--only the jahil recite it loudly
--the recommended recitation tartil
--a moderate pace (neither fast nor slow)

Or a little more; And recite the Qur'ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style
Al-Muzzammil (73:4)

73:4 or add (a little) thereto - and chant the Qur'an in measure
--all popular Qadi use tartil for their recitation
--it is allowed for an Imam who is not a hafiz to read from the Quran for tarawih
--Abu Hanifa disagreed; correct opinion is that of Ibn Hanbal
--Hanbali fiqh is that it is allowed because everything is halal until proven haraam


--say takbir when going down for ruku
--raf'ul yadain (to raise both hands)
--when you go into ruku, you say Allahuakbar and bow into ruku'
--it is permissible to do raf ul yadain (raise both hands before ruku' is permissible)
--Imam Shafi’i and Ibn Hanbal: to raise both hands before ruku' is permissible
--when going into ruku you should bow as deeply as your joints allow
--back should be flat when in ruku
--also your back should be flat if someone puts a cup of water on your back it should not spill
--90 degree angle
--ruku rejected when back is not flat

Abi Masud al Badri reported that the Messenger of Allah(saw) said "Allah does not consider the prayer of a man who does not straighten his back when bowing for Ruku and performing Saidah."

--spread fingers and grasp knees
--in ruku you should spread your fingers over your knees and grasp them
--that is the sunnah
--our head should not be hanging down but should be at the same level as your back
--your elbows should be kept away from your side in ruku '
--Subhana rabbi al adhim 3 times in ruku
--it is permissible to say more that 3 times
--more times are also permissible but sunnah is 3 times
--it is haraam to recite the Quran in ruku
--when you come out of ruku, say Sami ALLAHU liman hamida
--when back is straight, say Rabbana lakal hamd
--the musallee, should straighten up out of ruku, saying , sami Allahu liman hamida
--hen his back is straight like a ruler he should say Rabbana walakal hamd

Abi Qatadah reported that the Messenger of Allah(saw) said "The worst thief is one who steals in his prayer." Then the companions asked, "How can someone steal from his prayer?" Prophet (saw) answered, "He does not complete his Ruku and Sadjah with perfection."

-- this is fardh your back has to be straight you are stealing from your salah


--when going down in sadjah, say Allahu Akbar
--no raf' al yadain for sadjah
--if you do raf al yadain for sadjah, salah is valid
--go down to sadjah with hands touching the ground first

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘When any one of you prostrates, let him not go down as the camel does; let him put his hands down before his knees.’” (Reported by Ahmad (2/381), Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nisaa’i.

--because of this Hadith, when you go down into sadjah do not go as the camels go down
--Abu Hanifa said knees first but the correct opinion is that of Imam Shafi'i
--your fingers should be kept together not widespread
--fingers are kept together, opposite to the manner of ruku
--if a person goes with knees first the salah is accepted
--to go with hands first is sunnah not fardh
--if musallee goes down with hands first, salah is valid because it is sunnah and not fard
--if he should sit on his left leg with right toes pointing towards the qibla

--his fingers should be pointing towards the qibla with forehead and nose touching the ground
--finger should be pointing the Qiblah, forehead and nose must touch the ground
--in sadjah his fingers should be pointing towards the qibla with forehead and nose touching the ground
--your elbows should be away from the sides
--elbows should away from your sides
--subhana rabbil al a'la 3 times in sajda
--rabbigfirli 2 times in between the sajda


--as-salaam alan nabee
--2 types of tahajjud
--as-salaam alan nabi is to be recited not as-salamu alaika

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashah-hud as he taught me a Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet , but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet." Bukhari -Volume 8, Book 74, Number 281

--after the Rasool (saws) died, they quit saying asalamualayka and they said asalam ala nabi
--quit saying as-salamu alaika because Rasulullah saws is dead
--Salafis wag finger but sunnah is to point finger towards Qiblah

Imam Nawawi mentions in the Majmu‘ (3.454) from Abu Dawud and others with a sound chain of narrators on the authority Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr, that he described the prayer of the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) by saying, “He would point with his finger while supplicating without moving it.” As for what is present in the narration that mentions, that he (Allah bless him and grant him peace) “used to move it”, the expression, “move it is an unreliable anomalous (Ar. shadhdh) narration because the narrator who relates [m this Hadith] on the authority of the Companion Wael Ibn Hujr (Allah be pleased with him) contradicts everyone else who narrated from him

--the sunnah is to point the finger towards the qiblah and keep it pointed throughout the whole Tahajjud
--Saudi Salafi moved the index throughout the tahajjud; this is “weak” argument w/o hujjah
--when you are praying you are supposed to keep still in salah
--Saudi Salafis put their hands back on chest after getting up from ruku
--al Albani said there is no HUJJAH, while bin Baaz said it is permissible
--wagging the finger in salah does not go in line with khushu'
--there is no hujjah to support putting the hands on the chest after standing up from ruku
--Hadith on wagging finger is da'eef
--Barelvis love to say as-sallamu alaika because they worship Rasulullah saws
--when you go to the masjid late, you are not allowed to pull someone back to make a new line
--you destroy his khushoo' and you make a gap in the original line
--this is the opinion of Uthaymeen
--bin Baaz said it is permissible to pull someone to the line when they come late