Wednesday, June 1, 2011

-56- Ghusl of the Rasool (saw) and Tahaara

Ghusl of the Rasool (saw) and Tahaara

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
(evening dars: 6.1.11)

FORMAT FOR MAKING WUDHU and GHUSL

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)

Hassan and Hussain competed with each other when making wudhu in front of somebody who was making wudhu incorrectly; they did this to teach the man the proper format without hurting his feelings

Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful. (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)

In Islam everything has a format (ie hajj)

FORMAT FOR WUDHU

1. Niyyah (intention)
--your intention should be in your heart, not verbally out loud
--niyyah out loud is bid3ah

2. To say, ‘Bismillah’
--according to ibn Hanbal, if you do not say ‘Bismillah’ your wudhu is bautil
--according to the other madhabs (Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik and Imam Shaif’i), if you forgot to say, ‘Bismillah,’ your wudhu is valid, but lacking in baraka (blessings)

--the correct opinion is that of the majority (jamhoor): the other 3 madhabs
---Abu Hanifa
---Imam Malik
---Imam Shafi’i (imam shafi3 was from Gaza and Ahlul Bayt)

3. wash your hands up to your wrists and scrub between fingers as you wash

Humran (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and washed his hands three times... then said, "I saw Rasoolullaah (SAW) make wudu just as I have made wudu." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

4. wash out your mouth, using index finger to scrub your teeth

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "When you make wudu then wash your mouth." (Sahih - Al-Baihaqee)

5. wash your nose using right hand to put water in and left hand to blow the water out
--this is the Sunnah of the Prophet (sa3w)

6. wash your face 3 times (once is fardh, 3 times is sunnah)
--if water is limited, once is sufficient

Nu'aim ibn Mijmar (RA) said, "I saw Abu Hurairah make wudu - he washed his face and completed the wudu, then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm" - then in the end of the Hadith he said: "This is how I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make wudu.'" (Sahih - Muslim)

7. wash your right arm up to your elbow including the elbow

8. wash your left arm up to your elbow including the elbow

9. wipe your head including the your two ears, ONCE
--to wipe your head twice is bid3ah because we were commanded to wipe once
--also wiping the nape (back of nape) is bid3ah
--the Hadith about wiping the back of the neck is da3eef

10. wash your right foot (using left hand) and scrub between your toes

11. wash your left foot (using left hand) and scrub in between your toes
--it’s Sunnah is to use your left hand
--using your right hand when washing your feet is makrooh

"Al-Mustaurad (RA) said, "When the Prophet (SAW) made wudu he would enter the water between his toes with his little finger." (Sahih - Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Maajah)

Note: When Shias do wudhu, they do not wash their feet, but instead wet their hands and wipe over the naked skin

Shiites wudhu is invalid and their heels will be in hellfire

Narrated Muhammad Ibn Ziyad: I heard Abu Huraira saying as he passed by us while the people were performing ablution from a utensil containing water, "Perform ablution perfectly and thoroughly for Abul-Qasim (the Prophet) said, 'Save your heels from the Hell-fire.' " Bukhari, book 4, no 166

MAKROOH OF WUDHU

1. to waste the water
2. speak on dunya matters while making wudhu
3. seek assistance of others unnecessarily

WHAT NULIFIES YOUR WUDHU

1. passing wind from the anus
--wind passed from vagina does not break your wudhu

“There is no wudu except from a sound or a smell." (Sahih - Ul-Jaarni)

2. urination (old people with weak bladders may join their salah)
3. defecation
4. vomiting more than a mouthful
5. to sleep lying down

The Prophet (saw) vomited and then made wudu.(At-Tirmidhi)

I have seen the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) sleeping to the extent that one could hear some of them snoring. But, they would stand for Prayer without a new ablution." At-Tirmidhi

--if you sit on a chair and sleep, your wudhu is not broken
--but if you lay on the bed it is broken

6. To give birth to a baby, breaks your wudhu
7. to take intoxicants
--when you take intoxicants you have no salah for 40 days and 40 nights
--but you still have to pray

8. to fall down unconscious (including epileptic seizures)
9. to touch your own private parts lustfully

"Whoever touches his sexual organ cannot pray until he performs ablution." (Reported by Al-Bukhari) "Whoever touches his sexual organ cannot pray until he performs ablution." (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

10. to touch a member of the opposite sex lustfully

Abdullah ibn Umar reports that the Prophet said, "Whosoever drinks wine, Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will forgive him. And if he repeats it Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days.

Nabi (SAW) said, "If anyone drinks alcohol Allah will not accept his salat for 40 days" (Tirmidhi and Nasai).

11. to eat camel meat

"Perform ablution after eating camel meat, and do not perform ablution after eating goat." [At Tirmidhi no.21 and Abu Dawud no.184]

12. apostasy
--when person returns to Islam, he must make ghusl
--Abu Hanifa says if you giggle during salah, your wudhu is broken and salah is bautil
--Hanbali's disagree
--there is no hujjah (evidence) for this

A daeef Hadith: the Prophet (saw) said “…whosoever laughed then let him make wudu again and repeat their salah..” [Tabarani]

Abu Hanifa said if an imam leads you in salah and he has no wudhu (or his wudhu was broken)
--the people praying behind him have no salah
--Hanbali’s disagree because when Umar was stabbed, he completed his salah!
--Hanbali fiqh: differs because Umar led Muslims in salah in a state of janabah (sexual impurity)
--he, himself, repeated his salah but did not command the ummah to repeat their salah

GHUSL = RITUAL BATH

If you are in a state of Janabah (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). (al-Ma'idah 5:6)

2 TYPES OF GHUSL in Islam

1. Waajib
2. Musta7ab ( musta7ab = strongly recommended)

COMPULSORY GHUSL

1. it’s compulsory after sexual intercourse (even if you did not orgasm)

Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said that, "If one of you sits between her legs (of a woman) and penetrates her, Ghusl (bath) is obligatory." (Bukhari and Muslim)

"Even if he does not ejaculate." (Muslim)

When a man sits in between the four parts of a woman and enters into her (for intercourse), the ghusl becomes obligatory. Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim

“When the two circumcised parts meet and the tip of the penis disappears, ghusl becomes obligatory, whether ejaculation takes place or not.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood; see Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, 209)

--a man fasting in Ramadhan can begin his fast before making ghusl after intercourse or a wet dream
-- Female Genitalia Mutilation [FGN] is a haraam [see: 4:119]
--it’s a figure of speech when Hadith says 2 circumcised parts

I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah." And whoever takes Shaitan (Satan) as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss. (An-Nisa 4:119)

2. ghusl becomes compulsory when man realizes sperm is discharging

Abu Sa'eed reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (sallal lahu alayhi wa sallam) say, "Water (washing) is (needed) after (ejaculation of) sperm." (Related by Muslim)

3. it’s compulsory on women when their menstruation stops

The Messenger of Allah (sallal lahu alayhi wa sallam) said to Fatimah bint Abu Habish, "Do not pray during your period. After it has ended, perform ghusl and pray." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

--it’s haraam on a man to have sex with his wife after menstruating until she has made ghusl

And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina) (Al-Baqarah 2:222)

According to Abu Hanifa – a wife doesn’t have to make ghusl before having sex with her husband after menstruating but Hanbali fiqh: disagrees (she must make ghusl after menstruating)!

--it is fardh before having sex with a husband and this is the correct opinion

4. wet dream - male or female

Umm Sulaim, the wife of Abu Talha said, "O Allah's Messenger! Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Is a Ghusl (bath) compulsory for a woman when she has a sexual dream." He (Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) replied, "Yes! When she sees signs of liquid." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Umm Salama asked, "Does this happen (to a woman)?" He (Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)) said, "Yes otherwise where does the resemblance (of a child to its mother) come from?" (Muslim)

In Islam, there are 2 types of discharge: major and minor

Examples:
MAJOR: wet dream (make ghusl)

MINOR: getting excited

"No ghusl on her unless she has a discharge, similarly there is not ghusl on the man unless he ejaculates." (Related by Ahmad and Al-Nasa’i)

--whether a wet dream is experienced by a male or female, ghusl is required
--however if a woman gets excited (ie footy match) and discharges: this is a minor discharge
--because it’s minor, only wudhu is required
--if a women gets excited (because she spoke with her fiancée on the phone) and discharges:
--this is minor, therefore, only wudhu is required

Islam split the discharge into two to make it easier on women
--major discharge has a color
--minor is clear

5. when woman’s bleeding after childbirth stops, ghusl is fardh
--usually bleeding stops after 40 days
--normally the woman bleeds for 40 days; some women may not bleed for 40 days
--so if the woman stops bleeding and makes ghusl and her husband goes to bed with her
--they did not do haraam, because the bleeding stopped

THE MUSTAHAB OF GHUSL

1. It is recommended to make ghusl for salat al jummah
--according to Daud al Dhaahiree, ghusl for jummah is fardh
--the four great imams say it is recommended
--the opinion of the four imams is the correct opinion
-- the prophet didn’t make it fardh

"Whoever makes wudhu on Friday, it is good [for him], but if ghusl is taken, it is better." (Sunan Abu Dawud vol.1, p. 93, no. 354 and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abee Dawood, vol.1, p.72, no. 341)

2. When you regain sanity

3. For the two Eid
-- on Eid days, you are supposed to wear your best clothes etc

4. Before going into Ihram on hajj or Umrah
-- the sunnah is to make ghusl and after you put on ihram pray 2 rakah sunnah

5. After washing the dead
-- after carrying the dead you should make wudhu
-- these are mustahab ( recommended) not fardh

6. After you take Shahadah
-- these are the 6 occasions when it is recommended to make ghusl

HOW TO PERFORM GHUSL:
ACCORDING THE SUNNAH OF THE PROPHET salah Allahu alayhe wasalam

-- the best person to tell us this is Aisha, as they used to perform ghusl together
-- you are allowed to shower naked together with your wife/husband

Umar said, "We used to wash the dead. Some of us would perform ghusl and some would not." (Related by al-Khateeb with a Sahih chain.)

-- Description of how the Rasool salah Allahu alayhe wasalam made ghusl:

Aboo Hurayrah reported that the Prophet (r) said, “Whoever washes the dead should take a ghusl and whoever carries the corpse should make wudhu.” Narrated by Aboo Hurayrah and collected in Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.898, no.3155, SunanIbn-i-Majah, vol.2, pp.374-5, no.1463 and Mishkat Al-Masabih, vol.1, p.108, and authenticated inin Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood, vol.2, p.609, no.2707

--Aisha said: when the Messenger of Allah would make ghusl due to janabah (sex or a wet dream), he would begin by washing his hands

1 : he began by washing his hands
2 : then he would pour water from his right side then to his left, he would wash his private parts

"When the Prophet, upon whom be peace, took his bath after sexual intercourse, he would begin by washing his hands. Then he would pour water from his right hand to his left and wash his sexual organs, make the ablution for prayer, take some water and put his fingers to the roots of his hair to the extent that he sees that the skin is wet, then pour water over his head three times and then over the rest of his body." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

3 : then he would make wudhu like the wudhu of salah
4 : then he would wash the roots of hair
5 : then he would pour water on his head three times
6 : then he would wash his entire body
7 : then he would wash his feet

--Now, this is the "Hanafi" ghusl (the four great imams agree that it is acceptable)
--To make niyyah: the mouth, the nose and the entire body
--that is the Hanafi ghusl, no wudhu is included yet the ghusl is accepted
--a woman whose hair is plaited or braided: (it is not compulsory for her to undo her hair)
--no matter what reason she is making ghusl

Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who said: I said, O Messenger of Allaah, I am a woman who wears her hair in braids. Do I have to undo my braids when I make ghusl because of janabah?

-- plaited and braided is to have the hair done tightly*
-- some people say, if it is the ghusl of janabah, then she doesn’t have to
-- but if it’s the ghusl of menses, she has to undo but…
-- we, Hanbali fiqh, say neither way - she doesn’t have to undo her hair

SUNAN AL FITRAH
1 : To trim the mustache
2 : To grow the beard
3 : To clip the nails, ( finger nails and toe nails )
4 : To shave the hair under the armpits
5 : To shave the hair from your private parts (this is fardh every 40 days and the anal hair, too)
6 : Circumcision for males
--according to Abu Hanifah its mustahab, but we, Hanbali, beg to differ:
--it is fardh (a man who is not circumcised is unclean)
--uncircumcised men give women cancer of the cervix and they catch AIDS easier
--FGM (female genitalia mutilation): IT IS HARAM : EVIDENCE An-Nisa 4:119

I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah." And whoever takes Shaitan (Satan) as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss. (An-Nisa 4:119)