Sunday, July 10, 2011

-125- Musa and Al-Khidr

Story of Musa and Al-Khidr
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 7.9.11)


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The theme / essence of the story is:
“traveling far to seek knowledge”

You can’t expect knowledge to come to you

-- but Alhumdulillah now due to modern day technology, we have laptops, etc.
-- Seeking knowledge is now very easy for us now.
-- Unlike the times of Prophet (pbuh) & Musa (as).

What is the story of Musa & Al-Khidr?
-- One day when he was talking to Bani Israel & he was asked
-- “Is there anyone more knowledgeable then you?”
-- He said nope, Allah had given me the knowledge.

The difference between a Prophet & a Messenger:
-- Abraham was a Messenger because he came with the Scrolls...
-- same was Jesus, Musa & Prophet (pbuh)
-- The Messenger is above the Prophet.
-- Musa was a Messenger & a Prophet.
-- Messengers come with Shariah of Allah.

LESSON 1: THERE ARE MANY SCHOLARS WE'VE NEVER HEARD ABOUT

-- Allah ‘tala refuted Musa (as) & Allah told him that no,
-- there is indeed someone more knowledgeable then him.
-- But the Taghoot bring their own Scholars, those who are on the TV all day.
-- Because Taghoot will never bring forward those Scholars
-- who call for Jihad & support the Mujahideen.
-- Like Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi - who is in Jail now (2011);
-- he’s a great Scholar who calls for Jihad.

Millat Ibrahim - Abu Muhammad Maqdisi
http://www.slideshare.net/guest647712b0/millat-ibrahim-abu-muhammad-maqdisi

12:76 We raise by grades (of mercy) whom We will, and over every lord of knowledge there is one more knowing. (76)

LESSON 2: WHEN YOU THINK YOU HAVE KNOWLEDGE, ALWAYS REMEMBER THAT ALLAH SAID THERE IS ALWAYS SOMEONE MORE KNOWLEDGEABLE THAN YOU


IN THE QURAN "We raise by grades (of mercy) whom We will, and over every lord of knowledge there is one more knowing."

LESSON 3: THE STORY OF MUSA & AL-KHIDR HELPS US KNOW HOW TO GAIN KNOWLEDGE w/ ADAB

Abdullah Azzam: “no negotiations”
http://caravansofmartyrs.atspace.com/html/Abdullah_Azzam.htm


SHAIKH and DR HAKIM QUICK
-- When Shaikh was in UK, he had a meeting with Dr. Hakim Quick
-- he advised him to live in Newham & that was the best advice ever.
-- Because of the community, environment.
-- To protect Shaikh from the plot of the black community.
-- Its not every culture who know how to treat & respect Scholars.

WHAT IS THE ISLAMIC ADAB WHEN YOU'RE IN THE PRESENCE OF AN ISLAMIC SCHOLAR?

18:60 And when Moses said unto his servant: I will not give up until I reach the point where the two rivers meet, though I march on for ages. (60)

-- What is so special about the 2 seas & what is so special about the servant boy
-- Joshua (Yusha bin Nun)
-- Some translations say 2 seas while others say 2 rivers.

18:60 Behold, Moses said to his attendant "I will not give up until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travel." (60)

“al Bahrain = the seas
Yusuf Ali translation says "seas"

“an Nahrain” = the rivers

-- Allah says : al Bahrain : this is Arabic means the two seas
-- in Arabic, al Nahrain means two rivers

Behold, Moses said to his attendant "I will not give up until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travel." (Al-Kahf 18:60)

-- Allah said: in Surah Kahf 18:60 "Al Bahrain" : meaning two seas
-- a person who does not know the causes of revelation, or grammar,
-- or seerah (and the like)
-- is not allowed to give tafseer
-- one of the prerequisites of the one who gives tafseer
-- is that he should be firmly grounded in the Arabic language

WHAT Is so special about the two seas?
-- Allah rebuked Musa telling him that someone else has more knowledge than you
-- so the two seas was the place where Musa was to find the person
-- who had more knowledge
-- why was he so enthused and eager to acquire the knowledge?
-- this was because he had taqwa: and when a person has taqwa, they seek knowledge

“The world and all its contents are accursed except the remembrance of Allah and what supports it, the a’lim and the student of knowledge.” (TIRMIDHI, IBN MAAJAH, BAYHAQI)

-- Musa was the teacher; then he embarked on a difficult journey to be a student
-- so we learn that

LESSON 4: SOMETIMES YOU ARE A TEACHER AND AT OTHER TIMES YOU WILL BE A STUDENT

-- you should humble yourself
-- not only was Musa a prophet he was a messenger,
-- yet he humbled himself to become a student
-- you have to seek knowledge; if you are not one who makes dhikr,
-- or a student of knowledge
-- or a scholar you are a cursed human being

Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition." (39:9)

-- The Rasool has taught us much, and Allah has told us much
-- about those who have knowledge
-- you may wonder why Musa embarked on a journey from Palestine to Turkey:
-- this is a month’s journey

High above all is Allah, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur'an before its revelation to thee is completed, but say "O my Lord! increase me in knowledge." (20:114)

Turkey is where you have two continents meeting:

-- European side and the Asian side
-- This is why the majority of the scholars say that
-- Musa traveled to Turkey to meet Khidr
-- Musa practiced this ayah to the letter: My Lord increases me in knowledge!

LESSON 5: THE MORE YOU KNOW IS THE MORE YOU REALIZE YOU DO NOT KNOW
-- they took with them their lunch: it was a fish;
-- the fish came alive and jumped into the sea

LESSON 6: YOU SHOULDN’T TRAVEL ALONE
-- Musa didn’t travel alone, he went with Joshua

Al-Kahf 18:62 When they had passed on (some distance), Moses said to his attendant: "Bring us our early meal; truly we have suffered much fatigue at this (stage of) our journey." (62)

Why didn’t Joshua tell Musa about the fish?

-- Musa was sleeping when the fish jumped out of the basket
-- but Joshua didn’t wake Musa when he saw this amazing thing

What was the situation of Musa?
-- he said that is what we have been seeking.
-- where the fish jumped out of the basket is where al Khidr is
-- so they retraced their steps

LESSON 7: SOMETIMES, WE NEED TO RETRACE OUR STEPS
-- it is difficult to retrace your steps, but Musa didn’t get upset with Joshua

Al-Kahf 18:64 Musa said: "That was what we were seeking after": so they went back on their footsteps, following (the path they had come). (64)

-- the Prophet said : When you travel with a person, you get to learn about a person
-- when you are traveling, you will have ups and downs
-- when you do business with a person, you get to know a person
-- (you see their true colours)
-- Joshua forgot to tell Musa; Musa didn’t get upset.
-- Joshua said: No one caused me to forget except the shaytan : therefore…

LESSON 8: FORGETFULNESS AND HASTE ARE FROM THE SHAYTAN
-- as are the other evils in the world
-- Musa didn’t get upset; this is the character of the prophets
-- Anas ibn Malik said:
-- “I served the prophet for 10 years, and not once did he get angry with me”

LESSON 9: WE SHOULD NOT GET ANGRY
-- some of you beat your wives, and call them names:
-- if only we all had the patience of the prophets;
-- we would certainly have less divorces
-- Musa said "that is what we were seeking" he didn’t get upset..

Anas said, "I served the Prophet of Allah, upon him be peace, for ten years. During that time, he never once said to me as much as 'Oof' if I did something wrong. He never asked me, if I had failed to do something, 'Why did you not do it?' and he never said to me, if I had done something wrong, 'Why did you do it? " Sahih Bukhari, Muslim and Ahmad

So they found one of Our servants on whom We had bestowed Mercy from Ourselves and whom We had taught knowledge from Our own presence. (18:65)

-- Al Khidr means "the green one"
-- it’s a nick name; he sat on a barren piece of land, where no vegetation was and the land became green

Musa said to him: "May I follow thee, on the footing that thou teach me something of the (Higher) Truth which thou hast been taught?" (Al-Kahf 18:66) Yusuf Ali translation

Mûsa (Moses) said to him (Khidr) "May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allah)?" (Al-Kahf 18:66) Noble Qur’an translation


-- we prefer the above translation because the Sufis say
-- that the jinn taught al Khidr
-- the Sufis tamper with the story and they say that
-- al Khidr had contact with the jinn;
-- the Shiites said that al Khidr was not a prophet yet
-- he had more knowledge than Musa was a prophet and a messenger
-- so the imams have more knowledge than the prophets also
-- Al Khidr said : you will never be able to have patience with me.

He (Khidr) said: "Verily! You will not be able to have patience with me! (18:67)

-- mureed=blind follower of a Sufi shaikh
-- a mureed will obey the shaikh even if asked to drink his own urine!
-- this ayah; may I follow you (18:66) : we learn from this - manners

LESSON 10: ISLAMIC ADAB (MANNERS)

"May I follow you?" (66)


1:4 Allah uses al Fatiha to teach you how to beg, you praise and glorify then you beg Allah

-- Musa was begging for knowledge, look at the humility:
-- "May I follow you?" (18:66)
-- whenever you are begging (asking) in life, be humble

LESSON 11: WE NEED TO BE HUMBLE
-- why was he humble?
-- how could he beg with pride and arrogance?
-- He was begging to become a student of Al Khidr

He (Khidr) said: "Verily! You will not be able to have patience with me! (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:67)

-- He asked: Are you Musa of Bani Israel; Musa affirmed so al Khidr heard of Musa
-- but Musa never heard about him

"And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not?" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:68)

-- He is asking, how could he have patience with something you do not understand:
-- what does this ayah teach you>?

LESSON 12: IT IS VERY VERY DIFFICULT, EVEN IMPOSSIBLE, TO HAVE SABR
WITH SOMETHING YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND!


-- The Sahabahs were fuming (extremely angry) at the treaty of Hudabiyyah
-- the Sahabahs could not understand the treaty ( especially Umar )

Example:
If a Muslim woman comes home one day and she caught her husband in bed with another woman : how can she understand that : he is a good man he does not commit adultery
(or drink etc) : but he can explain that he has actually got married to a second wife but not told the first.


-- Imam Malik said that secret marriages are not haraam
-- the example is to give us an idea, how on earth someone could be patient
-- with something we do not understand

Mûsa (Moses) said: "If Allâh wills, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in aught." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:69)

"And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not?" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:68)


-- this tells us that Al Khidr had deep insight
-- you may have insight into peoples affairs,
-- you tell a sister not to marry a brother
-- you know the marriage was not going to work
-- why ? because Allah has blessed you with deep insight and foresight.
-- Al Khidr had this deep insight and foresight so he knew
-- that Musa would not be able to understand
-- the things that were about to take place and he would not be able to be patient

He (Khidr) said: "Then, if you follow me, ask me not about anything till I myself mention of it to you." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:70)

LESSON 13: YOU CAN LAY DOWN RULES / LAWS TO A STUDENT OR WORKER

-- even wife or husband
-- you can make marriage conditions like do not force me
-- to wear niqaab/ or we must not live with the in-laws
-- or that you graduate at university etc
-- so this ayah tells us

LESSON 14: WE ARE ALLOWED TO FORM A RELATIONSHIP WITH A PERSON WITH CONDITIONS
-- our relationship will be smooth as long as you abide by these rules

So they both proceeded, till, when they embarked the ship, he (Khidr) scuttled it. Mûsa (Moses) said: "Have you scuttled it in order to drown its people? Verily, you have committed a thing "Imr" (a Munkar - evil, bad, dreadful thing)." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:71)

He (Khidr) said: "Did I not tell you, that you would not be able to have patience with me?" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:72)


-- Musa asked him why he made a hole in the ship. He saw it as a great evil
-- “I told you so”
-- sometimes, you have insight about someone’s affairs, and when the thing comes true
-- you say to the person "I told you so"

LESSON 15: SOMETIMES WE NEED TO TELL SOMEONE, “I TOLD YOU SO”
-- people do not like it when they are told this
-- people warn people not to do things, in business or visit some place
-- because they have seen many things in life
--(that’s why its good to speak with old people)

LESSON 16: A WORD TO THE WISE IS SUFFICIENT
-- Russia can say to America "I told you so" : not to go to war in Afghanistan
-- these two people were totally incompatible
-- the Shariah of Musa, was to punish the person for what they did in the present
-- but al-Khidr's way was based on what was to come

LESSON 17: WHEN TWO PEOPLE HAVE COMPLETELY DIFFERENT OPINIONS ABOUT LIFE
-- you must have dialogue and vet the person thoroughly in aqeedah etc
-- when they went on the boat a bird dipped its beak in the water

[Mûsa] said: "Call me not to account for what I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you)." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:73)

Al Khidr asked Musa if he saw it. Al Khidr said, that they both had combined, in comparison to the knowledge of Allah is like the bird dipping his beak and the water remaining on the beak. Al Khidr was a great teacher so he gave this practical example

Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, he (Khidr) killed him. Mûsa said: "Have you killed an innocent person who had killed none? Verily, you have committed a thing "Nukr" (a great Munkar - prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:74)

(Khidr) said: "Did I not tell you that you can have no patience with me?" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:75)

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "If I ask you anything after this, keep me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:76)

-- first it was "Imr" (a Munkar - evil, bad, dreadful thing)
-- making the hole in the boat but know it was a "Nukr"
-- a great Munkar – (prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!"
-- chopping the head of the boy

LESSON 18: GIVE PEOPLE CHANCES IN LIFE
-- al-Khidr did not dump Musa; he gave him two chances

Then they both proceeded, till, when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found therein a wall about to collapse and he (Khidr) set it up straight.

[Mûsa] said: If you had wished, surely, you could have taken wages for it!" (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:77)

Al-Khidr said: “This is the parting between you and me, and I shall tell you the explanation of those things on which you could not remain patient.” [Sahih Bukhari]

(Khidr) said: "This is the parting between me and you, I will tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were unable to hold patience. (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:78)


“As for the ship, it belonged to Masâkîn (poor people) working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king behind them who seized every ship by force. (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:79)

"And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:80)

-- this tells us that children can destroy their parents

LESSON 19: CHILDREN CAN DESTROY THEIR PARENTS

Shaikh in South Africa:

-- a woman killed her son by strangling him;
-- her son was on crack cocaine; he stole from her
-- and sold everything in her home; she had had enough
-- because evil kids can destroy parents,
-- Allah told you to make a dua: Al Furqan 25:74

And those who say: "Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqûn." (SURAH Al-FURQAN 25:74)

-- do not take it for granted that your children will grow up to be good

"..slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master" -Muslim, Book 1, No. 1

The Mardi Gras march in New Orleans (US):

-- there are homosexuals who march by the thousands;
-- there are many of these gays and lesbians who come from Muslim families
-- and were brought up as Muslims

O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children are your enemies (who may stop you from the obedience of Allâh), therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (SURAH TAGHABUN 64:14)

--Noah had a kaafir son: In Surah Taghabun 64:14 we learn about this

"And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:80)

-- in other words: I killed the boy but his parents
-- can get a better offspring than this one.
-- he would go to paradise as he was under puberty
-- and he saved the parents from kufr
-- the worst thing is to see their children become a kaafir
-- when your child dies before puberty the child intercedes for the parents
-- these people were cold; they did not offer any hospitality
-- or food no water for them to rob the orphan would have been easy for them

"And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they should attain their age of full strength Mujjahidah101: and take out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. And I did them not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience." (SURAH AL-KAHF 18:82)

-- these people were cold; they did not offer any hospitality
-- no food no water for them to rob the orphan would have been easy for them
-- when shaikh was imprisoned, in Belmarsh:
-- he wasn’t happy of course, as it broke him away from his family
-- but when he was in prison the July 7 bombings happened,
-- and the kuffar tried to link him with that
-- many times Allah turns a seemingly bad situation into a good one
-- we do not know the future

LESSON 20: THE PROPHETS DO NOT KNOW THE GHAIB (THE UNSEEN)

And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He.... (SURAH ANAAM 6:49)


-- the Shiites say their imams have knowledge of the unseen
-- that they have perfect knowledge: you claim that Hasan was your imam
-- why then did he eat food containing poison? It would mean he committed suicide!


LESSON 21: WHEN YOU ARE IN THE COMPANY OF SCHOLARS YOU SHOW RESPECT

LESSON 22: YOU NEED TO HAVE SABR WITH KNOWLEDGE

LESSON 23: SABR with the QADR OF ALLAH TALA

LESSON 24: ALLAH TALA CAN ALWAYS MAKE THE BEST OF A BAD SITUATION

LESSON 25: DON’T BE PROUD AND ARROGANT

A STUDENT OF TALIB UL ILM CAN NOT HAVE THESE QUALITIES:

1) PROUD
2) SHYNESS
3) IMPATIENCE
4) LAZY