Saturday, July 16, 2011

-137- Tafseer Surah Luqman [revisited]


Tafseer Surah Luqman: Revisited
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 7.16.11)






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Alif-Lam-Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.] (Luqman 31:1)

TAFSEER OF ALIF-LAAM-MEEM:

-the Mu'tazilites say we know the meaning but we do not: only Allah does

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al¬ Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge." (Al-A'raf 7:33)

-tafseer of Alif Alam Meem: these are letters amongst the miracles of ALLAH SWT
-according to Ibn Kathir
-the Prophet (pbuh) did not explain Alif Laam Meem: only Allah tala knows

These are Verses of the Wise Book (the Qur'an). (Luqman 31:2)

Al Qur’an is Hakim, a wise book

-- Umm Amaara was 62 & took part in the Battle of Yamaama.
-- She lost her arm in the battle; it is also called the Valley of Death.
-- Ibn Kathir, Ibn Hisham and Tabari called it the Valley of Death.
--70 hafizes died there

The Qur’an became a Book at the Caliphate of Uthmaan (r-a)
-- the words: Asad - Laith - Hadider = all mean Lion
-- there are different types of Arabic in Arab Peninsula, that’s why Allah revealed it in 7 different dialects

Alif¬Lam¬Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.] (Luqman 31:1)

**yesterday we only covered 2 ayahs, so we are repeating the dars and coving more….insh’allah, prepare for the long haul on learning this tafseer because it has many, many lessons.

Tafseer of Alif Alam Meem:

-these are letters amongst the miracles of ALLAH SWT
-there are different opinions on ALIF LAAM MEEM
-the Mu’tazilites say we understand the words: only Allah tala does
-there are different opinions about the meanings of these letters Alif laam Meem
-people claim they are so intelligent
-that they are able to unravel the mystery of these letters

Alif. Lam. Mim. (31:1)

Mu’tazilites say
-Alif means Allah & Meem means Muhammad & Laam means Angel Jibrael

-there's 30 different opinions w/ Mu’tazilites
-Shaikh came to realize at university that
-there are 30 different opinions in Mutazalite community.
-you are speaking with no knowledge & its a sin.

WHEN DID THE QUR'AN BECOME A BOOK?
-after the BATTLE OF YAMAMA
-the Quran came a book in the Caliphate of ABU BAKR (r.a)

Say: My Lord forbiddeth only indecencies, such of them as are apparent and such as are within, and sin and wrongful oppression, and that ye associate with Allah that for which no warrant hath been revealed, and that ye tell concerning Allah that which ye know not. (7:33)
- Umar Khattab convinced Abu Bakr to compile it to a book.
- When Uthman become the Caliphate, he complied the Qur’ân into 1 Dialect.
- Allah revealed the Quran in 7 different dialects
- the words: Jamal - jazoor – ibil mean CAMEL
- because there are many different Arabic in Arab Peninsula
- the words: asad - Laith – haidar all mean LION

Ali was known as haidar, because he never lost a battle.
- A Sahabah Hudaifa ibn Yamaan approached Uthman
- and he suggested him to compile the Quran in 1 dialect.
- so everyone World wide recites the Qur’ân in 1 dialect.

THE Qur’an IS A WISE BOOK: THE 12 REASONS WHY THE QUR'AN IS A WISE BOOK

1. ALLAH TALA IS THE AUTHOR OF THE QUR'AN

-when a wise man writes a book, we go crazy about it
-no one wants to but Ghaddfi’s GREEN BOOK ... he's not a wise man
-Ghadaffi is a Jew ... there are many leaders
-who are Jews that we don't even know are
-Mustafa Kamal was a Jew - he hated Islam.

2 IT WAS REVEALED IN THE BEST LANGUAGE: ARABIC
-Allah revealed it to His closest Angel - Jibrael.
-Allah revealed it in the best sacred Month - Ramadhan.
-if there are 2 Muslims with Taqwa, the one who speaks Arabic is better then the other.

3 THE QUR’AN HAS NO GRAMMATICAL OR SPELLING ERRORS

4 NO MISTAKE OR INCONSISTENCY

If it had not been for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye would have followed Satan, save a few (of you). (4: 83)

5 AL QUR’AN DOES NOT CONTRADICT SCIENCE

-Allah is the author of Quran & so no possibility
-to have an error in Qur’ân or any contradiction.

Hisham b. Urwah reports from his father, who said: "When the participants of Yamaama were killed, Abu Bakr ordered Umar b. al Khattab and Zaid b. Thabit: `Sit at the door of the Mosque, and when anyone brings something from the Qur'an which you suspect, write it down if it is witnessed by two men'. This is because those companions of the Prophet (‘s) who had compiled the Qur'an had been killed at Yamaama".

Ibn Abi Shaybah, on his own chain , of authorities, reports from Ali: "Abu Bakr deserves the best reward for the copies of Qur'an, for he was the first one to compile what exists between the two covers".

Huzaifah told Uthman: `O master of the faithfuls! Come to the rescue of this ummah, before it is entangled into disagreements about the Book, the same way as Christians and Jews have been.


- The Bible contradicts science but not the Quran.
- The scientists were burned on the stakes
- because they would find errors in the Bible.
- Allah is not the Author of confusion:
- so therefore it’s impossible to find a mistake in the Qur’an

6 AL QUR’AN WAS SENT DOWN TO SOLVE PROBLEMS
-and to answer questions
-And to answer problems when Prophet (pbuh) got stuck.

SAFWAN and AISHA
- Like when the hypocrite said Aisha (r.a) had an affair.
- Prophet (pbuh) was very upset, for he knew nothing but good from Aisha & Safwan.

WHY WOMEN HAVE AFFAIRS
-their husbands are disappointing in the bedroom
-their husbands are dismal and abysmal in the bedroom

Allah's Apostle said, 'Who will support me to punish that person ('Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul) who has hurt me by slandering the reputation of my family? By Allah, I know nothing about my family but good, and they have accused a person about whom I know nothing except good, and he never entered my house except in my company.' [Bukhari]

-they told IFK : a big lie / slander

Lo! they who spread the slander are a gang among you. Deem it not a bad thing for you; nay, it is good for you. Unto every man of them (will be paid) that which he hath earned of the sin; and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be an awful doom. (24:11)

7 IT WAS REVEALED TO SOLVE THE MISTAKES OF THE PROPHET

- The Barelvis say that we don’t love the Prophet (pbuh)
-because we say he makes mistake - they say he didn’t.

THE RASOOL made 4 mistakes

And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers. (9:84)

1) When he prayed over Munafiqh (Abdullah ibn Ubay)

- Allah corrected the Prophet (pbuh) in 9:28
- for him praying over Abdullah ibn Ubay- the munafiqh.
- And Umar Khattab tried to stop Prophet (pbuh) from praying over him.

2) He released the captives who came back the next year and killed Sahabahs;
-they should have been killed, not released

3) he made a declaration to never to drink honey
-he stayed w/ Hafsa longer than he was supposed to; it was Aisha's night ...
-he blamed it on the honey
-Hafsa didn't keep the secret:
-women don't usually [according to SH]

If an Apostle were to succeed me, it would have been 'Umar bin Khattab." (Tirmidhi, Kitab-ul- Manaqib)

-Aisha said he smelled like honey so he said he would never drink it again
-Allah corrected Prophet (pbuh) on his mistake in Surah 66:1

O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (66:1)
- The Shiites do not believe that Prophet (pbuh) made any mistake
- even the Barelvis.

(1) Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to drink honey in the house of Zainab, the daughter of Jaysh, and would stay there with her. So Hafsa and I agreed secretly that, if he come to either of us, she would say to him. "It seems you have eaten Maghafir (a kind of bad-smelling resin), for I smell in you the smell of Maghafir," (We did so) and he replied. "No, but I was drinking honey in the house of Zainab, the daughter of Jaysh, and I shall never take it again. I have taken an oath as to that, and you should not tell anybody about it." (Book #60, Hadith #434)

4) he frowned and turned away when the blind man came to him

He frowned and turned away (1) Because the blind man came unto him. (2) (80: 1-2)


The Shiites say
- it was not the Prophet (pbuh) who frowned, they say it was Abu Jahl.

And lo! thou art of a tremendous nature. (68:4)

THE SHIITES USE QUR'AN TO FIGHT QUR'AN

- Muhammad is an exalted standard of character. (Al-Qalam 68:4)
- We say to the Shiites, you say Muhammad cannot make mistakes
- because he is best of character.
- Just like you say about your Imaam.
- But we just gave you 4 mistakes Prophet (pbuh) made.
- They the Shiites temper with the ayah.

O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (66:1)

-Allah tala said OH NABI......

- We use Surah 66:1 to provide our proof that you
- the Shiites can’t temper with this ayah.
- Qudwa = eg
- or example, our qudwa was Prophet (pbuh)

SNAKE NAZAM from Cyprus
-so if he had to stay away from honey, we all would had to do the same.
-the snake said he has the mobile phone # of the Rasool (saws)
-mureed is a blind follower of a shaikh

8 AL QUR’AN DOES NOT CONTRADICT HUMAN NEEDS (OUR NATURAL INSTINCTS)
- Allah knows men love women much: so He allows them to do polygamy
-monogamy was not imposed on us
-some men can't go to bed w/ the same woman every day; some men would get bored

So set thy purpose (O Muhammad) for religion as a man by nature upright - the nature (framed) of Allah, in which He hath created man. There is no altering (the laws of) Allah's creation. That is the right religion, but most men know not - (30 :30)

-the laws of Allah go along w/ man's natural instincts

COMMUNISM .. WHY DID IT FAIL ?
-it is our natural instinct to love wealth
-because the government want to control everything about us
-it is our natural instinct to love the dunya
-it's not piety to drive an old car broken down

Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an admonition from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep (the profits of) that which is past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah. As for him who returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein. (2:275)

-use your wealth to seek the HEREAFTER

But seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which Allah hath given thee and neglect not thy portion of the world, and be thou kind even as Allah hath been kind to thee, and seek not corruption in the earth; lo! Allah loveth not corrupters, (28:77)

Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. (2:275)


-- The scholars use Surah 28:77 to tell us not to turn our back on the dunya!
-- As long as we pay our Zakah, the state should not complain.
-- Allah tala doesn't give us a burden we can't bear, so men are permitted polygamy

9 THE QUR’AN DID NOT PUT ON YOU A BURDEN MORE THAN YOU CAN BEAR 2:286
-- Hence the reason Muslims don’t commit suicide

Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. (2:286)

Prophet Yaqoob said: nobody despairs from Allah's mercy.

Lo! none despaireth of the Spirit of Allah save disbelieving folk. (12:87)


-except the kafiroon.
-after hardship comes ease

lo! with hardship goeth ease, (5) Lo! with hardship goeth ease; (94:5-6)
-if we lose 1 child, he/she might be replaced w/ 2 children ...

10 ALLAH ‘TALA MADE IT EASY TO MEMORIZE
-it came down in PIECE MEAL; easy to understand and follow

And in truth We have made the Qur'an easy to remember; but is there any that remembereth? (54:17)

So set thy purpose (O Muhammad) for religion as a man by nature upright - the nature (framed) of Allah, in which He hath created man. There is no altering (the laws of) Allah's creation. That is the right religion, but most men know not - (30:30)

11 THE QUR’AN IS THE GREATEST HISTORY BOOK

-history repeats itself
-in the time of Prophet Musa, there was black magic, just like today.
-homos-xuality, black magic, entertainment industries ... + fire-worshippers
-idol worshippers today

3 REASONS HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF
-- no such thing as past - History repeats itself.

1) SHAITAN DOESN'T CHANGE HIS STRATEGY
2) HUMAN NATURE DOESN'T CHANGE
3) ALLAH TALA WILL NEVER CHANGE HIS SUNNAH


Thou wilt not find for Allah's way of treatment any substitute, nor wilt thou find for Allah's way of treatment aught of power to change. (35:43)

-- If you are evil, Allah will strike you down with disasters.
-- like hurricane Katrina, etc.

Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself. (4:79)

THE MURDER CAPITAL OF AMERICA FOR MANY YEARS: NEW ORLEANS

-there are no natural disasters in Makkah & Madina.
-NEW ORLEANS HAS A GAY CITY .... it was destroyed
-Allah tala has to be seen to be fair
-lots of black magic there in New Orleans
-people w/ Haitian heritage [national religion is black magic]
-SAN FRANCISCO will also be destroyed
-one of Allah's name is also Al-Muntaqim - the Avenger

Thou wilt not find for Allah's way of treatment any substitute, nor wilt thou find for Allah's way of treatment aught of power to change. (35:43)

-- Allah is shift, severe in taking revenge!
-- Allah destroyed the gay city at the time of Prophet Lut.
-- Hence the reason Allah destroyed the gay city in new Orleans.

Thus do We expound the revelations that the way of the unrighteous may be manifest. (6:55)

-- the scholars of Islam say one if the ways to learn Fiqhul Waaqi
-- is to read the Quran.
-- best way to learn fiqhul waaqi is to read al Qur'an
-- Allah doesn’t want us to be the bird, the Ostrich,
-- like how he dips his head in the sand.
-- It convinces itself that all is fine.
-- Allah clearly says that He made the revelations clear
-- for us to learn the plots & plans of the Kufaar.
-- Allah doesn’t want us to be like the parrot -
-- it recites & sings & yet doesn’t know what its talking about!

Why did the Kuffaar burn the Quran?
-- Because they are Jealous!
-- They envy us

Will they not then ponder on the Qur'an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity. (4:82)

-- because the Qur’an doesn’t have absurd statements, such as …

And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:6 (King James Version)

-- They are jealous because we don’t have these absurd statements
-- in the Qur’ân like their Bible!
-- Why did some Christians hang on to Christianity?
-- Because of their Pride.
-- They are suffering the same illness as Pharaoh.

And they denied them, though their souls acknowledged them, for spite and arrogance. Then see the nature of the consequence for the wrong-doers! (27:14)

-- The Pharaoh was convinced that Musa brought the truth.
-- But his pride made him ignore the haqq.
-- Imaan is conviction of the Heart, intention & action of the limbs.
-- The shaytaan is very skillful with words,
-- just how he convinced Adam to eat from the tree.
-- The shaytaan knows the power of words.
-- i.e a bastard child becomes a love child!
-- Shaytaan deceives you with beautiful names.

BILQIS and SULAIMAN
-the bird knew they were worshipping idols and yet they didn't know ...

and Satan maketh their works fairseeming unto them, and debarreth them from the way (of Truth), so that they go not aright; (27:24)

-- That bird understood tawheed!
-- Every animal understands tawheed
-- Imaam Qurtabi said: when the bird is flapping its wings:
-- they are making salah to Allah.

All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth glorifieth Allah, and He is the Mighty, the Wise. (61:1)

-- The only 2 who refuse to worship Allah are:
-- The Jinn & man
-- Al-Jawaab al-kaafi by Ibn Qayyim - THE BEST BOOK... for those who know Arabic.
-- Al-Bidayah wa Nihaya by Ibn Kathir.
^^ It means, from the beginning to the end.
-- Zaad Muaad by Ibn Qayyim - Another good book.

12 THE QUR’AN WAS REVEALED IN A RHYTHMIC FORM
-how many times do we cry when we hear Qur'anic recitation?

And when the Qur'an is recited, give ear to it and pay heed, that ye may obtain mercy. (7:204)

-- But you can’t cry when you hear the Bible.
-- You cry because Allah revealed it in a beautiful rhythmic form
-- and made it easy for us to understand.

And in truth We have made the Qur'an easy to remember; but is there any that remembereth? (54:17)

No other book is like the Quran