"The Rules and Merits of Eid ul-Fitr"
by Shaikh Faisal
(morning dars: 8.29.11)
The 2 Eids:
Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adhaa.
The the Rasool (saws) used to hasten with Eidul Adhaa but delay Eidul fitr for people to get the chance to pay sadaqatul fitr.
THESE ARE OUR CELEBRATIONS
1. Eid ul-Fitr
2. Eid al Adha
-if your Muslim brother invited you to his walima, you must accept
-it is makrooh to go to a walima you are not invited to
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) states: “The worst food is that of a wedding banquet (walima) to which only the rich are invited whilst the poor are not invited. And he who refuses an invitation (to a banquet) disobeys Allah and His Messenger (Allah bless him & give him peace).” (Sahih al-Bukhari, No. 4882)
- the mercy of Allah to the Ummah: the two Eids.
- you can turn down the walima if there is going to be haraam
- (free mixing, music etc)
- it is then fardh on you to turn down that invite
The prophet came to Madinah; the people in jaahiliyyah had 2 days for play and amusement.
"The Prophet (SAW) came to Madinah and the people of Madinah had, in Jaahiliyyah two days for play and amusment10. So the Prophet (SAW) said: 'I came to you and you had, in Jaahiliyyah two days for play and amusement Indeed Allaah has replaced them for you by that which is better than them: The dav of Nahr (Slaughteung) and the day of Fitr (Breaking fast).'"11. Saheeh. Reported by Ahmad (3/103.178.235). Aboo Daawood (1134). an Nasaa'ee (3/179) and al-Baghawee (1098).
THE BEATING OF THE DUFF.
- It is permissible to beat the daff on day of Eid ul-Fitr.
- The songs the girls were singing were to do with bravery,
- they were not rude songs.
"O Aboo Bakr every people have an 'Eid ul-Fitr and this is our 'Eid ul-Fitr." 14. Both narrations are from al-Bukhaaree (949,952.987.2907.3530.3931) and reported by Muslim (892), Ahmad (6/134) and Ibn Maajah (1898).
- the prophet was laying down and was listening to the girls also.
- the prophet said to leave them as the content of the song was not haraam speech
- you are not supposed to take the path of extremism in deen
- if you stop someone from singing songs and enjoying themselves
- on the day of Eid ul-Fitr,
- this would be extremism
- the girls were singing about bravery, about how a man should be on the battle field
ADORNING YOURSELF ON EID UL-FITR.
-The Sunnah is to bathe, wear best clothing, and sweetest perfume.
Ibn 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "'Umar (may' Allaah be pleased with him) bought a silk outer-garment that was being sold in the market. He came to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and said, 'Take this garment, to adorn (yourself) with on 'Eid ul-Fitr and for meeting delegations with
Reported by al-Bukhaaree (886). Muslim (2068)
Umar gave the prophet the garment which was silk, to wear on Eid ul-Fitr
- the prophet declined saying. "This is a garment for one
- who has no portion in the here-after".
- one day the prophet gave Umar a silk garment as a gift.
So 'Umar came with it to the Messenger of Allaah and said, 'O Messenger of Allaah! you said indeed this is the garment of one who has no share of the Hereafter but you sent this garment to me!' So the Messenger of Allaah said. 'Sell it and fulfill your needs with its profit '“ Reported by al-Bukhaaree (886. 947, 2104. 2619) and Muslim (2068)
- when the Rasool gave Umar the garment it WAS NOT for wearing it was for selling.
- it is the sunnah of the Rasool, to beautify yourself on the two Eids.
- women are allowed to wear perfume, ONLY MILD.
Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughnee (2/228): "This shows that beautifying, in this circumstance was a well known fact to them. Maalik said: 'I heard the people of knowledge deeming the preferability of wearing perfume and of beautifying in the 'Eid."'
- when women go out on Eid ul-Fitr day, they have separate sections
- (not mixed with men)
- she is wearing the perfume to mix with women, not with men
- the women can wear make up and perfume, dress up, and dance together, (WOMEN ONLY)
- there is no hujjah to say this is haraam
- on the day of Eid ul-Fitr, or walima.
- Proceeding to the Mussala.
- you should not pray Eid ul-Fitr prayer in a masjid,
- it should be in a park or a field/stadium
Aboo Sa'eed al-Khudree (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) on the day's of 'Eid ul-Fitr-ul-Fitr aud 'Adhaa, used to go out to the musallaa and the first thing that he would begin with was the prayer...
-even though you would get 1000 times more reward for praying in the prophets masjid, however the prophet never prayed Eid ul-Fitr prayer in the masjid, he would pray it in an open ground.
- in Europe people pray Eid ul-Fitr in the masjid in winter : its too cold.
- the weather is not suitable in some countries
- to pray Eid ul-Fitr prayer in a park or open ground.
Thus he who is unable to proceed out to the musallaa, due to an illness or old age can pray in the mosque and there is no problem - by the will of Allaah in him doing so. Refer to al-Mughnee (2/230)
GOING TO AND RETURNING FROM EID UL-FITR
The sunnah is going one route and returning another route
Jaabir bin 'Abdullaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "When it was the day of 'Eid ul-Fitr the Prophet (SAW) used to alter his route (of returning)."Reported by al-Bukhaaree (986).
- the hikmah behind this: maximize the amount of people you meet and give salam to.
- when ever you pray in the masjid: and you switch the place of prayer
- because the place (ground) where you prayed
- will testify for you on Yawm al qiyaamah
THE TAKBEER FOR EID UL-FITR
- recite the takbir when going to the place of prayer.
Ibn Mas'ood used to say: << Allaahu-Akbar. Allaahu-Akbar. Laa ilaaha illallah. Wa-Allaahu Akbar. Allaahu-Akbaar. Wa lillaahil-Hamd >>
- until the imam ascends the minbar you continue to recite the takbeer
- before the imam comes to the minbar, you have to pay saqaqatul fitr.
- you have to pay the amount for each member of the family.
- if you fast Ramadhan and you didn’t pay Sadaqat ul fitr,
- your fast is between the heavens and the earth
- should you pay the Sadaqah in food or cash
- Abu Hanifah and Ahmad ibn Hanbal said you should pay in cash;
- you are giving people a choice to buy what they need.
- Shaikh in Saudi Arabia People would bring him foods,
- but it was not possible to eat all this food, he had to sell it off.
- if they had paid in cash it would have been better.
- poor people do not always need food. they need to buy shoes, clothes etc.
WHEN DO YOU EAT ON EID UL-FITR DAY
- if the Eid ul-Fitr is Eid ul-Fitr, you are supposed to eat
- before you leave house to go to Mussala.
- the reason for this, is because its haraam to fast on Eid ul-Fitr day
- the sunnah is to eat 3 dates
Reported from Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: "The Messenger of Allaah would not set out in the morning of 'Eid ul-Fitr until he had eaten some dates." . Reported by al-Bukhaaree (953), at-Tirmidhi (543)
-if its Eid, the sunnah is that you do not eat until you slaughter the animal
-and cook the meat , and eat from that animal
BATHING BEFORE GOING TO MUSSALA.
- sunnah act is that you should bath before going to Mussala
Naaf'i reports: "That 'Abdullaah bin 'Umar used to bathe on the day of Fitr before setting out to the musallaa." . Reported by Maalik (1/177) ash-Shaafi'ee (73) and Abdur-Razzaaq (5754)
IS THERE A SALAH BEFORE EID UL-FITR SALAH?
Answer: There no salah before or after the Eid ul-Fitr salah.
Ibn 'Abbaas reports: "That the Prophet (SAW) prayed two rak'ahs on the day of Fitr and he did not pray before or after this Reported by Maalik (1/177) ash-Shaafi'ee (73)
THE HUKM OF THE EID UL-FITR SALAH
-There are scholars who claim that Eid ul-Fitr is sunnah muakadah.
- they are delusional : because Eid ul-Fitr salah is FARDH
- the scholars of Islam have studied the practices
- of the Rasool salah Allahu alyhe wasalam
- they have arrived at the conclusion that its fardh/waajib.
Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said:"...and consequently we have deemed as being the strongest opinion that the 'Eid ul-Fitr prayer is obligatory upon all individuals. Like the opinion of Aboo Haneefah Refer to Hashiyah ibn 'Aabideen (2/166) and that which comes after it.
Abu Hanifah, Ibn Taymiyyah, and one of the to opinions of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal.
- are all of the opinion that its fardh/waajib
-it is one of the symbols of Islam
Umm Atiyah reported: "The Messenger of Allah (saw) commanded us to bring out on Eid ul-Fitr-al-Fitr and Eid ul-Fitr-al-Adha, young women, hijab-observing adult women and the menstruating women. [MUSLIM]
Ibn Taymiyyah said:
- when there is a clash between Eid ul-Fitr and salatul jummah,
- Eid ul-Fitr cancels out the jummah .
- Jummah is fardh, so therefore the Eid ul-Fitr must be fardh,
- if it is given preference over the jummah
- a sunnah cannot cancel out a fardh.
- you have to go for Eid ul-Fitr, even if you are menstruating
- (if you have menses do not mix at the place of prayer)
- the menstruating women stay away from the Mussala.
WHEN IS THE TIME FOR EID UL-FITR
Siddeeq Hasan Khan said: "The time for 'Eid ul-Fitr prayer is after the sun has risen a length of a spear up until zawaal (mid-day). Verily there is an ijmaah (consensus) upon what is inferred upon by the Ahadith - even though the like of this is not a proof - as for the final time for the prayer then it is zawaal (mid-day)." Maw'ithat-ul-Hasanah (43-44).
- the prophet used to delay the Eid ul-Fitr but hasten the Eid al Adha
- you have up until mid-day to pray the Eid ul-Fitr salah
...so that the people will be able to give their Sadaqah." [MUSLIM 278]
- some masjids are small and the Muslims have grown in number (mashaAllah )
- you may have to pray 2, 3, 4 Eid ul-Fitr salah.
- separate jammah can be made.
- the salah of Eid is hastened so people can slaughter and eat their meat.
- if you eat on Eid before the meat, you have not done wrong
IS THERE ADHAN FOR EID UL-FITR SALAH
Answer: There is no Adhaan and no Iqama for Eid ul-Fitr salah
Jaabir ibn Samurah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "I prayed the 'Eid ul-Fitr prayers, with Allaah's Messenger many times, without an Adhaan or an Iqama." [MUSLIM 887]
-if you call the adhan or Iqama you have done an act of bidah
Ibn 'Abbaas and Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with them) said: "They did not give the Adhaan on the day of Fitr, nor on the day of 'Adhaa." [MUSLIM 886]
THE EID UL-FITR PRAYER DESCRIBED
-you are supposed to perform 7 takbirs in first rakah
-(not including the opening takbir)
-so 1 opening takbir, then 7 more
-on the second rakah there are 5 takbir other than the takbir of standing up
-before reciting Surah al Fatihah
-other than the takbir of standing up before reciting Surah al Fatihah
Imaam al-Baghawee said: "This is the opinion of the majority of the people of knowledge from the Companions and those after them - that one makes takbeer in the 'Eid ul-Fitr prayer; in the first rak'ah seven times other than the opening takbeer and in the second rak'ah five times other than the takbeer of standing back up before reciting. This is reported upon Aboo Bakr, 'Umar, 'Alee and.."76
- the sacrifice means the sacrifice of Eid ul-Fitr in 108:2
- the Eid al Adha is the "big Eid"
- not Eid ul-Fitr
Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). (Al-Kawthar 108:2)
- Eid ul-Adha is 4 days, and Eid ul-Fitr is 3 days
- ibn Abbaas said he witnessed Eid ul-Fitr with Allah’s messenger,
- and they all prayed before the khutbah
Ibn 'Abbaas said: "I witnessed 'Eid ul-Fitr with Allaah's Messenger (SAW), Aboo Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with them all) and they all used to pray before the sermon MUSLIM 884
Marwaan ibn Hakam
- they used to pray before the khutbah
- So who started the bidah of making Eid ul-Fitr just like jummah?
- it was Marwaan ibn Hakam (a caliph) who started this bidah
- he wanted to people to hear his khutbah
"He means that this (performing the prayer before the khutbah) was the sunnah of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), and the practice of the Righteous Khulafa' (Successors, may Allah be please with him) after him. The change that came later (switching the khutbah and the prayer) is an innovation done by Marwan." [BUKHARI]
WHAT IF EID UL-FITR AND JUMM’AH COINCIDE?
Answer: Eid ul-Fitr cancels out the Jumu’ah
-Or you give the people a choice to pray both.
-if someone prays Eid ul-Fitr salah, but does not return for jummah salah
-you are not allowed to criticize him.
In Sunan Aboo Dawood (1072), Musannaf of Abdur-Razzaq (no.5725) with an authentic chain of narration from Ibn Zubair that he said: "Two 'Eids coincided on the same day and so they were both joined together by making them one. He prayed on the day of Juma'h two raka'hs in the morning and he did not add to them until he prayed Asr Prayer ..."
"I witnessed Mu'aaweeyah ibn Abee - Have you witnessed the coinciding of two 'Eids on the same day with the Prophet (SAW)? He replied: Yes. So he said: What did he do? He replied: He (SAW) prayed 'Eid ul-Fitr and then gave permission not to pray Jum'ah, and said: 'He amongst you who desires to pray them, pray'" Ahmad 4/372
- this is not the same Mu’awiyah who fought Ali, its a different Mu’awiyah.
HOW DO WE GREET EACH OTHER ON EID UL-FITR?
“taqaballa Allah minnaa wa minkum” - 'May Allah accept it from you and us.’
-the sunnah of the people of knowledge would say: Taqaball Allah minaa wa minkum
-to say Eid ul-Fitr mubarak or Eid ul-Fitr kareem is not an issue.
However Ahmad said: 'I do not initiate greeting anybody but if they begin I answer them and that is because answering a greeting is obligatory. As for initiating greetings (of 'Eid ul-Fitr) then it is not from the requested Sunnah and neither is it from that which is prohibited. Therefore whosoever does it, has a precedent and whosoever leaves it, also has a precedent - and Allaah knows best'"
- if you want to follow what the Sahabahs said:
- you should say Taqaballa Allah minaa wa minkum:
-'May Allah accept it from you and us."'
- but if you want to say Eid ul-Fitr mubarak its not an issue
- Eid ul-Fitr cards are halal, because the Eid ul-Fitr is halal
- it is not like giving a Christmas card
- when you embrace your brother on Eid ul-Fitr day
- you should embrace once not three times.
THE MERITS OF EID
1 IT’S A DAY OF CELEBRATION AND JOY
-because you wear your best clothes and perfume.
- the prophet said the women who wear perfume to attract men are a zaania
- but if she will be with women, there is no harm in wearing perfume.
- eat the most delicious food and drink and celebrate with your friends and families
2 IT’S A DAY OF BROTHERHOOD AND SISTERHOOD
-whether they are black, white, Arab or non Arab, you have love for them
3 IT IS A DAY OF GIVING GIFTS
4 IT’S A DAY OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES.
- the Muslim areas are making money for the Eid day.
- those who sell clothes and perfumes, toys, gifts etc, they are cashing in.
- people make thousands on Eid day, because everyone is treating their families.
- economically it’s a blessing.
- if you are in the catering industry you will cash in,
- people get their food prepared,
- or go to restaurants on Eid day
Shaikh got an invite to an Eid party,
-where the cars were only Mercedes Benz and BMWs
-the Indian Muslim women of south Africa do not take busses and trains, they have the best cars.
5 EID IS A DAY OF AL WALAA WAL BARAA
- you invite Muslims to eat your food
- you are allowed to invite kufaar to the masjid to
- hear the khutbah and celebrate Eid
- (partake in eating food etc) only those who are not enemies of the deen
- the prophet said share your food with muttaqoon.
- do not waste your money to feed munafiqoon
"May the righteous eat your food may the angels send Salaah unto you and may the fasting person break their fast with you." [Ahmad, An-Nasaaee]
6 IT’S A DAY OF FIQH AL WAAQI'
- even though you are celebrating Eid, you have mixed feelings
- because you are feeling the pain of your Muslim brothers and sisters.
- recently a mass grave was uncovered in Kashmir, killed by the Indian Hindus
- the Muslims are suffering in occupied Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kashmir,
- Chechnya, Somalia, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya.
The Messenger of Allah (saw) also said, "The believers, in their love, mutual kindness, and close ties, are like one body; when any part complains, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever." [Muslim]
- Gaddafi troops burnt the Muslims in Libya
- they were tied up and petrol poured on them, and burnt alive.
- Bashar Assad is killing Muslims in Syria, sending tanks into towns
- the Muslims in Afghanistan are being killed. - Chechnya, Palestine.
- we must not forget the plight of your Muslim brothers and sisters
- on this day of Eid, like any other
7 ITS A DAY OF THANKSGIVING
- you thank Allah for giving you blessings of wealth, health, and that you are able to celebrate with your family
8 IT IS A DAY OF FORGIVENESS.
- you forgive your brothers and sisters, you are not allowed to have grudges on this day, you greet each other embracing each other
9 ITS A DAY OF BUILDING BRIDGES AND MENDING TIES.
- if there is a person that you didn’t speak to for a while, you have to make up with them on Eid day
Jubair bin Mutim related: The Prophet stated: ‘The one who breaks family ties will not enter Paradise.’ (Sahih Bukhari and Muslim, Mishkaat p 419)
-if a person is a munafiqh you are allowed to have a grudge against them) < point 9 Abu Khirash Hadrad bin Abu Hadrad Al-Aslami said: I heard the Prophet PBUH) saying, "Whosoever forsakes his brother for a year is like one who sheds his blood.'' [Abu Dawud
10 DAY OF ACCOMPLISHMENT
- because you were able to fast in Ramadhan
- you didn’t break your fast out of sinfulness.
- you feel a sense of accomplishment, that you fasted Ramadhan.
- you didn’t lock yourself up and eat secretly.
11 IT IS A DAY OF UNITY
- you fast with the ummah, and you celebrate Eid with the ummah
- the Shia, Barelvis and the Goofi Soofis will not celebrate the Eid tomorrow.
- they will not celebrate on the same day as the rest of the ummah
- they cant unite with us, and celebrate with us,
- because they do not belong to the ummah of Muhammad.
12 IT GIVES YOU A SENSE OF IDENTITY.
- you celebrate Eid because you are a MUSLIM.
- Eid is fardh, and it gives you a sense of identity
- (belonging to the Ummah of Muhammad)
13 IT GIVES YOU A SENSE OF OBEDIENCE.
- its haraam to fast on Eid day, so you will not fast on Eid,
- and you will celebrate Eid,
- as it is fardh to do so.