Thursday, October 13, 2011

-200- Tafseer Surah Fil


TAFSEER SURAH al-FIL
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 10.13.11)





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Bismillah...

Surah 105 - Surah al-Fil
-this surah begins the last 10 chapters of al Qur'an
-these focus on the Prophet (saws) directly or indirectly
-"bismillah ir rahman ir raheem" tells us when a surah begins and ends

Surah Fil is speaking about Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)
-happened in the year he was born
-was revealed when his son died
-Surah Ikhlaas: "describe for us your Lord" so always talking about Muhammad (saws)
-Asbaab an -Nuzool = causes of revelation in tafseer study

THE STORY OF AL-FEEL (AL-FIL)
The viceroy of Yemen was Abrahah bin As-Sabah Abu Yaksum
-ruled Yemen as a Christian and very zealous
-he ruled Yemen on behalf of Ethiopia
-he ruled over the Arabs
-he said, "give up the Kab'a and come to Sana’a (in Yemen)
-he built al Qullais (word means, height)
-and wanted them to forsake the Kab'a and come to al Qullais to worship there
-the Arabs didn't want anyone to tell them to abandon the Kab'a and go to a church

In Yemen (winter) and Syria (summer) = when Quraysh went to trade
-so one went to Yemen and saw the church and found out Abrahah built it
-the man was infuriated and angry by this so he went in the church to defecate!
-he plastered the walls w/ that human waste 'feces'

When Abrahah heard this of his pride and joy church was upset
-he said I will take revenge!
-Abrahah left w/ 9 elephants to tear down the Kab'a
-this large elephant was called Mahmud
-on his way to Makkah, some Arab tribes tried to stop him [face to face]
-they wanted to save the Kaba's Abrahah's men won that battle [2 different battles]
-the Arabs were ready to sacrifice for the Kab'a

1. Its 1st house to worship Allah alone

Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-'Alamin (the mankind and jinns). (Aali Imran 3:96)

In it are manifest signs (for example), the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham); whosoever enters it, he attains security. And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka'bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah], then Allah stands not in need of any of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Aali Imran 3:97)


2. The du'a of Ibrahim [he prayed to bless and protect the Kab'a]

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

3. it's the place of tawaaf [no other tawaaf is allowed]

And (remember) when We made the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrahim (Abraham) stood while he was building the Ka'bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g two Rak'at after the Tawaf of the Ka'bah at Makkah), and We commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma'il (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (I'tikaf), or bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer). (Al-Baqarah 2:125)

4. Maqam Ibrahim
-the holiest place to make salah

Verily! As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who perform Hajj or 'Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recogniser, All-Knower. (Al-Baqarah 2:158)

5. SAF’A and Marwah - the holy places mentioned in al-Qur'an

6. The angels would shake hands w/ only 3 people:

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “If the angels were to shake hands with anyone, then they would have shaken hands with: (1) a warrior in the path of Allah. (2) one who treats his parents kindly. (3) one who makes tawaf around the house of Allah.” (Sahih Muslim , Sahih Bukhari)

-mujahideen who fight Fesabilillah
-the one who looks after his parents
-the one who makes tawaaf around the Kab'a

7. the Kab'a is surrounded by 70,000 angels
-who make du'a to Allah 'tala for those making tawaaf
-in umrah and hajj

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “The Ka’bah is surrounded by seventy thousand angels. They seek forgiveness and blessings for those who make tawaf.” (Ibn Majah)

8. the one who makes tawaaf around the Kab'a, is diving in the mercy of Allah
-he is mentioned in the company of the angels

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “One who makes tawaf, dives into the mercy of Allah. Allah lauds those who make tawaf in the celestial circles of the angels. ” (Muatta)

9. Those that die in Makkah or Madinah will be granted Muhammad's intercession
-no reckoning will be taken of them

Rasullullah (SAW) stated: “If it is possible for anyone to die in any one of the two Harams, then let him die there. For I will be the first to intercede on their behalf. They will be safe from the punishment of Allah on the day of Qiyamah. No reckoning will be taken from them nor will they be punished.” (Sunan Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Musnad Imam Ahmad)

10. When we walk there [raising foot and lowering it] we receive 70,000 blessings from Allah 'tala

“Anyone who made hajj of the house of Allah walking, every time he raises his foot and lowers it to complete his step, he receives seventy thousand rewards from the rewards of the haraam.” (Muatta)

11. Each time we pray there, one salah is = to 100,000 salah

Ibn Abbas (RA) commented: “The reward of the Haram is equivalent to a hundred thousand rewards.”

12. When we kiss the black stone, we give our bayah [allegiance] to Allah 'tala

“Anyone who comes to the Ruknul-Aswad and kisses it, it is as if he has taken the bay’at (pledge of allegiance) to Allah and His Rasul.” (Sunan Tirmizi, lbn Majah)

13. Nothing in Jannah is on earth other than the black stone
-it came w/ Adam when thrown out of heaven?

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “Nothing of Jannah remains (in this world) except the Hajr-e-Aswad. If it was not for it being polluted by the filth and impurities of the idolaters, then no ill people would have touched it seeking a cure for an ailment except that they would have been cured.” (Muatta)

14. When we love zamzam, it is freedom from hypocrisy

Indeed love for the water of Zamzam is safety from hypocrisy.” (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim)

15. We are the neighbor of Allah because our house is beside His (swt) house
-so to live there is a great honor and to be thrown out, is a great dishonor

Abdullah bin 'Adi bin Al-Hamra reported that he heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, "By Allah ! You (O Makkah) are the best of Allah' s land, and most beloved to Him. Had I not been driven away from you, I would have never departed (from you)." (recorded by At-Tirmidhi, Ahmad, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah; At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan Sahih')

16. Just to make our “intention” to bring harm to Makkah IS A SIN
-other harms are written down as 1 bad deed
-just the INTENTION to harm it is a sin

17. The kuffaar are not permitted to enter Makkah

So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allah will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:28)

18. The Kab'a is the qiblah for the Muslims
-if we do not face the qiblah when we make salah, our salah is bautil
-we're not considered to be pious Muslims if we do not have a compass

Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Haram (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. (Al-Baqarah 2:144)

19. Umrah in Ramadan is = to hajj

“When the month or Ramadan arrives, go for ‘umrah, because `umrah in Ramadan is like accompanying me on Hajj.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (1764)]

20. When we go to the Kab'a, all our sins are forgiven so we're like anew born baby

"Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any Rafath (obscenity) or Fusuq (transgression), he returns (free from sin) as the day his mother bore him" (Sahih Bukhari)

21. Those that do not have good reason for not visiting the Kab'a
-they die the death of a Jew or Christian
-when we live in Makkah, we're a neighbor of Allah
-but if we live outside, then we're His (swt) guest

“He who possess enough food for the trip, a means of transportation to reach to Makkah, and yet does not perform Hajj, then he dies, he would then die as a Jew or a Christian” (At-Tirmidhi, Al-Bazzaar, and others).

22. If we make du'a in 1 of 7 places, our du'a is answered:

1 at Maqam Ibrahim
2 by the black stone
3 at well of zamzam
4 on hill of SAF’A
5 on the hill of Marwah
6 in between those two hills [SAF’A and Marwah]
7 on top of Mt Arafat


23. Valley of MUZDALIFAAH is a place for dhikr

24. Dajjaal can't enter Madinah or Makkah

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

25 Natural disasters do not affect Makkah or Madinah

Narrated By Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e. three earth-quakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the non-believers and the hypocrites from it." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 3, Book 30, Hadith #105]

26. Allah swears by Makkah in the Holy Qur'an

I swear by this city (Makkah); (Al-Balad 90:1)

And you are free (from sin, to punish the enemies of Islam on the Day of the conquest) in this city (Makkah), (Al-Balad 90:2)


27. People love and respect you if you live in Makkah

"O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka'bah at Makkah); in order, O our Lord, that they may perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), so fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks. (Ibrahim 14:37)

28 It’s known as The Umm al-Qura for being so holy
-none is more holy than Makkah

29 No famine can touch Makkah

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

Recapping:
-Abrahah built the church in Sana’a and
-the Quraysh man defecated on and in the church
-so he took 9 elephants to tear down the Kab'a
-2 Arab tribes tried to stop him, though they were pagan Arabs
-those tribes: `Adnan and Qahtan
-these elephants were trained for war

Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-'Alamin (the mankind and jinns). (Aali Imran 3:96)

-he captured 200 camels [some transcribers say 100]
-belonging to the Rasool's grandfather
-he encamped outside Makkah and said he would negotiate
-he respected Muhammad’s grandfather, Abdul Muttalib
-(who looked young for his age)
-when we have taqwah, we look good for our age
-the negotiation was to return the 200 camels
-but then Abrahah said, "no, I don't respect you and I am here to
-tear down the Kab'a
-the Kab'a has a Lord and Allah is the Lord of it,
-able to protect His own house
-so I own the camels and am concerned only for them

Abrahah returned the camels!
-he said no one can stop me from tearing down the Kab'a
-but before he went there, Nufayl bin Habib whispered in Mahmud's ear
-he told Mahmud fear Allah (and to kneel when he faced the Kab’a)
-so he knelt but anytime Abrahah turned the elephant,
-he stood up and ONLY BOWED DOWN TOWARDS THE KAB'A

Abrahah was so brutal
-he even abducted his wife and impregnated her to giver her 2 sons
-and he was a Christian!
-Abrahah became leader of Yemen
-because his guard killed his competitor, Aryat
-he was killed in battles and didn’t lose them
-but before he went there, Nufayl bin Habib whispered
-into Mahmud's ear [do not tear down house of Allah]
-he refused to budge when facing the Kab'a
-at that time, birds from hell came to smite Abrahah
-[w/ 1 stone in beak and 2 in feet]
-they are the size of 'chick peas'
-but they smashed up Abrahah and his army

Have you (O Muhammad) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka'bah at Makkah]. (Al-Fil 105:1)

Did He not make their plot go astray? (Al-Fil 105:2)

And sent against them birds, in flocks, (Al-Fil 105:3)

Striking them with stones of Sijjil. (Al-Fil 105:4)

And made them like an empty field of stalks (of which the corn has been eaten up by cattle). (Al-Fil 105:5)


"Ababil" means different, coming from here and there

THE LESSONS FROM THE TAFSEER OF SURAH AL-FIL:

1. WHEN SOMEONE COLONIZES YOU, THEY WANT YOU TO FOLLOW THEM IN CULTURE, RELIGION AND LANGUAGE


-to brainwash someone, you must teach them your language
-people who speak English are very dodgy
-it teaches you hypocrisy
-it has a lot of ambiguities, such as:
-when the cat jumped on the book, it fell off
-which fell off: the book or the cat?
-but in Arabic you know which fell off - the book or the cat
-this is why al Qur'an was revealed in the Arabic language

Shaikh in Saudi Arabia
-he has a lot of money in his pocket
-because rich Saudis paid him to teach English to their students
-but if he spoke Portuguese or French,
-they would not invite Shaikh there
-English is most respected language in Europe
-people spit at you if you can't speak it
-when the Spanish conquered Mexico,
-they forced the Aztecs to become Christians
-when Shaikh was in Mozambique, all speak Portuguese there
-South America speaks Spanish except for Brazil

Colonial masters are: Brits, Spanish, French, Dutch, Belgium and Portugal
-look in Rwanda, where they use tribe against tribe
-in Jamaica, everyone speaks English
-the ultimate flattery is to copy someone in their culture
-ultimate aphrodisiac is power
-[aphrodisiac = means turn you on sensually]

2. THE POWER OF THE DU'A OF IBRAHIM - see 2:126
-Ibrahim (a.s) made du'a to protect and keep safe, Makkah
-he asked for it to be safe, protected and flourishes w/ fruits
-so how could Abrahah come w/ 9 elephants to tear down the Kab'a?
-Ibrahim's du'a was answered!

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He (Allah) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" (Al-Baqarah 2:126)

3. THE KUFFAAR ARE JEALOUS OF HAJJ

-they are jealous of our niqaab and hijab
-they are jealous of the noor on our face
-and of our brotherhood and sisterhood
-they are jealous of our deen

Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even, after the truth (that Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allah's Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His Command. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things. (Al-Baqarah 2:109)

4. WHEN WE INSULT PEOPLE'S RELIGION, THEY INSULT OUR RELIGION

And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do. (Al-An'am 6:108)


-when the Quraysh defecated in the church and smeared it on the walls
-Abrahah said he would take revenge
-he thought he could tear down the Kab'a
-but it's protected by Ibrahim's du’a
-there was no need for Christians to insult Muhammad (saws)
-because we respect Maryam and Isa’s
-no need to burn Qur'an on September 11
-because we did not burn a Bible
-they say on Sept 11th, there was a plane going
-to the White House but the plane was diverted
-the kuffaar said if it hit the White House,
-they would send B 52 bombers to demolish the Kab'a
-they said this because it represents Islam
-the White House is the symbol of democrazy [religion of the Satan]

LESSON:
-if we attack the symbol of the kuffaar,
-they will attack our symbol for revenge
-such as Abrahah [who was a dedicated Christian]

5. ALLAH'S ARMIES ARE NUMEROUS AND VARIOUS
-the mosquito is Allah's army .. such as w/ Nimrod
-only way to stop him is to hit the mosquito's head
-people die from killer bees and stampedes of animals and snake bites

And to Allah belong the soldiers of the heavens and the earth. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise.(Al-Fath 48:7)

... And none can know the hosts of your Lord but He. And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder to mankind. (Al-Muddaththir 74:31)

6. ANIMALS CAN BE USED FOR WAR

-some countries use dolphins to search ocean floors for mines and bombs
-horses have barakah
-elephants were like tanks back then
-to defeat Persians, the Sahabahs
-had to dig out eyes of elephants
-doves were used to send messages

Sayyidina Urwah Bariqi reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, Goodness is tied to the forelocks of horses till the day of resurrection...it is reward and value. [Bukhari 2850, Muslim 1873, Tirmidhi 1700]

7. IN THE TIME OF DIFFICULTIES, THE PAGANS OF MAKKAH TURNED TO ALLAH 'TALA

-even Abdul Muttalib prayed to Allah
-wood and stones can't help the pagans

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)

8. USE HISTORICAL FACTS WHEN WE GIVE THE DAWAH

-in 570 AD [the year of the elephant] [the year Muhammad was born]

9. NO ONE WHO PLOTS AGAINST ALLAH'S HOUSE OR DEEN WILL PROSPER
-we pray the kuffaar of Europe and America are listening
-the Mongolian empire is now smashed [they can't even feed themselves]
-so if you invade Baghdad, you will starve
-the USA invaded there and now people are converging to march on WALL STREET
-they can't eat dinner, homes are repossessed, no jobs

Abrahah, whom came to tear down the Kaba's, it could never have happened
-no plot will ever prosper against Allah

Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcome. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto Hell. (Al-Anfal 8:36)

10. ANIMALS CAN FOLLOW HUMAN INSTRUCTIONS

-as the elephant listened to Nufayl bin Habib

11. A BULLY WILL ALWAYS FLEX HIS MUSCLES
-they throw their weight around
-some boys who were older than Shaikh tried
-to beat kids up for their money for lunch
-but someone else always had a knife to stab the bully
-Abrahah was a bully but he did not avail
-like US showed off trying to prove weapons of mass destruction
-but there were none
-when your tawakkul is in kuffaar army, you always lose

Have you (O Muhammad) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka'bah at Makkah]. (Al-Fil 105:1)

Did He not make their plot go astray? (Al-Fil 105:2)

12. ABDUL MUTTALIB HAD TAWAKKUL BECAUSE HIS TRUST WAS IN ALLAH 'TALA

13. THE BRAVERY OF THE ARABS

14. THE ARABS TOOK PRIDE IN THE KAB'A AND RELIGION OF IBRAHIM

-which is why they didn't embrace Christianity
-Judaism doesn't appeal to Arabs
-only the religion of Ibrahim
-this is why the Arab defecated in the church
-and smeared his feces on the walls of the church
-only took Muhammad (pbuh) 23 years to bring the Arabs
-back to the religion of Ibrahim

15. HOLY PLACES WILL BE DESECRATED (past and present)
-Jews are digging tunnel under Masjid al Aqsa to tear it down

Babri Mosque:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babri_Mosque

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “Exert yourself in increasing the tawaf of this (Sacred House) before a barrier is placed before you and it. For by Him in whose hands lies my life, verily I can see a man from Africa, bald-headed, the inner part of his foot is flat, bow legged and flat footed, sitting on the Ka’bah and demolishing it brick by brick.” ( Sunan Tirmizi ,Nasai)

16. WHEN YOU LOOK GOOD FOR YOUR AGE, PEOPLE RESPECT YOU

-you look good for your age when you have taqwah

17. ANIMALS ARE MUSLIMS
-Mahmud obeyed Nufayl bin Habib not to tear down the Kab'a

Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (As-Saff 61:1)

18. ALLAH 'TALA IS THE BEST OF PLANNERS

19. THE KUFFAAR WILL ALWAYS PUT THEIR TAWAKKUL IN THEIR MIGHTY ARMIES BUT THEY WILL BE DISAPPOINTED BECAUSE ALLAH IS IN CONTROL OF ALL AFFAIRS

-they call themselves SUPERPOWERS but that word is SHIRK

Have you (O Muhammad) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka'bah at Makkah]. (Al-Fil 105:1)

Did He not make their plot go astray? (Al-Fil 105:2)

And sent against them birds, in flocks, (Al-Fil 105:3)

Striking them with stones of Sijjil. (Al-Fil 105:4)

And made them like an empty field of stalks (of which the corn has been eaten up by cattle). (Al-Fil 105:5)