Wednesday, October 12, 2011

-199- Tafseer Surah Takaathur

Tafseer Surah Takaathur
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

(evening dars: 10.12.11)

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TAFSEER of Surah 102:
-this surah was revealed in Mecca
-the scholars did not differ among themselves
-on the location of this surah
-it has the characteristics of a Meccan surah because it’s short
-and focuses on Tawheed instead of Shariah
-the Surahs of Medina focus more on Shariah
-this is part and parcel of the hikmah of ALLAH SWT
-this is the manhaj of ALLAH SWT:
-to call for Tawheed in dar ul harb
-and to call for Shariah in dar ul Islam

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, (At-Takathur 102:1)

Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:2)

Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:3)

Again, Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:4)

Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things) (At-Takathur 102:5)

Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! (At-Takathur 102:6)

And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! (At-Takathur 102:7)

Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! (At-Takathur 102:8)

The word “takaathur" comes form the word kathir which means abundance
-takaathur means competition, 'to keep up with the Jones'
-the only thing you’re allowed to compete for is with goodness
-the Sahabahs would compete not to pile up dunya but to do good deeds
-it is good to compete, but only for goodness
-if you compete with a brother to see
-who can give most Shahadah to the kuffaar,
-that is not wrong because you’re competing to the deen,
-thereby drawing near to ALLAH SWT and to your religion
-the kuffaar compete for dunya

Example: 'you were able to buy Volvo?
-"I can buy Mercedes Benz"
-"You were able to buy Mercedes Benz? I can buy a Ferrari"
-this is how the kuffaar think, all that is on their minds is:
-dunya, dunya, dunya
-kaafir men compete to see who can seduce the most beautiful girls
-their competition is so fierce, they seduce each others wives
-the Russians and Americans had a cold war
-to see who could produce the most weapons
-they had a war for space: who can go into space first
-YOU, the Muslim can compete for deen, not for dunya
-the way the Sahabahs used to compete.
-when you start competing for dunya, it’s a disaster >> the Rasul said:

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) also said: "There is no jealousy except with respect to two people: A man who Allah has given wealth and he uses it up for the sake of the Truth and a man whom Allah has given wisdom and he decides by it and acts accordingly." (Bukhari and Muslim).

-you’re not allowed to wish to be like anyone unless for these two occasions
-Haroon would show off with his wealth at the time of Musa (as)
-he was asked to give zakah, but he didn’t, he said:
"I am rich because I am intelligent," he gave credit to his aql,
-not to ALLAH SWT
-he would show off with his wealth and make others feel bad

For example: like a rap artist, (singer) who wears a thick gold chain,
-so thick you can tie a cow and carries
-about half a million dollars on him
-if you study marketing in school,
-it is called conspicuous consumption:
-purchasing in order to show off

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, (At-Takathur 102:1)

Sayyidina Sahi Ibn Sa’d (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “ If in Allah’s sight , the world had so much worth as wing of mosquito then a infidel would never have drunk even a drop of water” [Tirmidhi 2327 and Ibn e Majah 4110]

So, you are chasing the dunya and you allow your deen to suffer; some of you chase money, designer clothing, cars, pretty girls, some of you chase big houses, fat bank accounts, you name it - you are chasing the dunya; now, there’s no point in chasing women because the Rasul said: if you see a woman, and she gets you excited, go home to your wife because what that woman has, your wife has the same thing

Chasing money: pound sterling, euro, US dollar, etc
-some people are chasing hubal: the new hubal is the British passport,
-the new lat is the American passport (hubal was an idol in the kabaa)

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, (At-Takathur 102:1)

Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:2)

The people who are chasing the US dollar, sometimes they miss 50 salatul jumm’ah
-the people who are chasing the pound sterling or euro, sometimes they miss a
-WHOLE YEAR of salatul jumm’ah, they say Friday is payday so they work instead

And you love wealth with much love! (Al-Fajr 89:20)

These people love for the dunya is so strong,
-as ALLAH SWT said in surah 89:20
-a man might become old but he remains
-young for love & pretty girl & money.
-these things never get old!

Shaikh in Saudi when he was studying,
-there was a Masjid where he used to pray Salatul Jummah
-and in that Masjid they would chop off the head of people who smuggled drugs
-and Shaikh saw many people's head getting chopped off.
-because Allah says in Surah 89:20
-they love wealth!!! they don’t give a damn! they want money - money!
-and they say, we don’t care about getting caught.
-this is a man who likes the dunya & to chase the dunya.

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas and Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Messenger said, “If a son of man had a valley full of gold, he would desire to have two. Nothing can fill his mouth except the earth (of the grave). Allah turns with mercy to him who turns to Him in repentance.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

-The World Dunya distracts you from the Deen.
-even if you give a man a valley of gold, that man would still want more..
-like how Prophet (pbuh) said in the above Hadith.

“Richness is not abundance of property and possessions but richness is self-contentment.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book 81 of Ar-Riqaq Chapter 15 Hadith No 6446)

A lot of rich people, they are not contented
-because they are worried about their wealth,
-they say, if we lose our wealth, we lose our status in the society.
-and these are the people who don’t like to give charity.
-like if you want some money for Deen, Islamic dawah needs
-some will donate & yet some will not because they care for their wealth.

Shaikh wanted to bring Bilal Philips over to UK for Conference
-and conferences needed money.
-And people would say, make dua for us Shaikh Faisal
-and that is my contribution for me.
-Some people contributed & yet some found it a burden to contribute.
-So the next time Shaikh asked only those
-who did not think contributing to Deen, dawah is a burden.

One of the signs of Judgment Dayis that people will see Zakah as a burden.
-Zakah means, you purify your heart from the disease of hypocrisy.
-it increases your wealth NOT decreases it.
-but those who live for wealth & dunya...
-they don’t want to pay zakah, because it’s a burden on him
-for he thinks Zakah will reduce his wealth.

“A people do not keep from giving the zakah on their wealth except that they will be kept from having rain from the sky. If it were not for the animals, it would not rain at all". [Ibn Maajah, according to al-Albaani it is Sahih, see Silsilat al-Hadeeth as-Saheehah, vol.1, no.106]

Every time you don’t pay Zakah,
some natural disaster happens
-and you lose your wealth.
-Shaikh met a man who lost a million US dollars - this man did not pay zakah
-if you don’t pay zakah, you lose your wealth
-people who don’t pay zakah, their wealth usually goes bankrupt,
-because their wealth is cursed
-the Rasul said, when he was giving the tafseer of surah Tawbah 34:

And those who hoard up gold and silver [Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakah of which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allah, -announce unto them a painful torment. (At-Tawbah 9:34)

"Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakah of his wealth, then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, 'I am your wealth, I am your treasure.' (Bukhari Volume 2, Book 24, Number 486.)

Kanz means the Zakah
which you did not pay
-concerning the person who chases dunya, the Rasul said :

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "May he be miserable, the worshipper of the dinar and dirham, and the worshipper of the striped silk cloak. If he is given anything, he is satisfied; but if not, he is unsatisfied".[Al-Bukhari]

The American people:

-when Clinton was in the office, they had trillions
-in the federal reserves, and everyone was living happy
-then the idiot bush came into the white house,
-and he spent the money on war
-the people have lost their money
-Bush said: "you don’t know what you want to do with
-all that federal reserve money?
-don’t worry! I’ll spend it on war"
-they want to invade every country in the world

Everyday houses are being repossessed, people cannot pay their bills
-the Salvation Army has to feed long lines

The kuffaar worship three things
money, technology and pleasures of the flesh

If you worship these, when you don’t have the money
-you will suffer mental depression
-all these Americans who lost their jobs,
-now they have to go home and get on Prozac
-if you worship the dunya, and all of a sudden you lose your job,
-you will suffer depression

Narrated Abu Huraira, the Prophet (saw) said, “The dunya is a prison for the believer and Paradise for the kaafir (disbeliever),”[Sahih Muslim, vol.4, #7058]

The Rasul SAW said: the dunya is a prison for the believer,
-but a paradise for the kuffaar

-so if the kaafir is not living in luxury in the dunya, he/she cannot cope with it
-so if this dunya is meant to be a paradise for a kaafir, yet one loses their job or do not have any gas for their car - that means the kuffaar have lost their paradise! "I've lost my paradise, I’ve lost my dunya, what’s the point? it’s better for me to commit suicide" << that’s how the kuffaar think - now they are protesting on Wall street (2011) , because Bush spent all their federal reserve money on the war

Condoleezza studied communism in school
-how can this person be a national adviser for America?
-she knows nothing of the world


-the democrat party is now very low in the polls,
-so they think if they assassinate shaikhs that will help them
-if they kill shaikh Anwar, how will this create jobs
-or help fight homelessness?
-how will this send their kids to college?
-how will this reduce the long lines at the Salvation Army?
-millions are without Medicaid, they are not covered
-so if you drop down from a heart attack, and you’re not covered,
-the American government will just let you die

When King Herrod killed Yahya,
-so the curse of God came down upon the kingdom of king Herrod
-and he became history
-white people are not accustomed to hunger, they are accustomed to luxury
-by YOU the kuffaar bankrupting the economy with many, many wars,
-the dunya which is supposed to be your paradise
-will NOW become your hell

And ALLAH SWT has told us that : the kaafir, the paradise that they are looking for will be there hell >> 8:36

Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcome. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto Hell. (Al-Anfal 8:36)

Now this ayah that is in front you,
-you SEE this happening in Iraq and Afghanistan
-the US is crying, the kuffaar are becoming bankrupt
-ALLAH SWT has told us that they will become bankrupt
-from fighting Islam and will be defeated on the battlefield

And thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that the way of the Mujrimûn (criminals, polytheists, sinners), may become manifest. (Al-An'am 6:55)

Why do you think ALLAH SWT
said that HE SWT has revealed the Quran
-and made it clear for us to learn the ways of the kuffaar
-by you reading the Quran, you will know what is happening in Iraq ,
-Afghanistan, Somalia,
-Sheshan, Occupied Palestine, etc

So the kuffaar have a trinity:
1. Money
2. Technology
3. Pleasures of the flesh

- these kuffaar indulge in pleasures of the flesh
to the extent that many of them are bisexual
- these kuffaar indulge in pleasures of the flesh
to the extent that many of them are obese
- they are obese because they don’t eat to live,
-like you, the Muslim

A believer eats in one intestine (is satisfied with little food) and a kaafir (unbeliever) or a hypocrite eats with seven intestines" (Bukhari)

Those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as cattle eat, and the Fire will be their abode. (Muhammad 47:12)


The kuffaar have nothing to get in the Hereafter
- a Christian has nothing to get because he is a pagan who worships three gods
- god the father, god the son, god the holy spirit
- the Jew has nothing to get because they don’t accept the Rasul SAW
- the Hindus and Buddhist are pagans, they have nothing to get
- Alhakumu attakathur

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Aali Imran 3:85)

This is the ayah to tell that they the kuffaar have nothing to get in the hereafter.

Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. (Aali Imran 3:19)

-But we the Muslim, why do we practise Alhakumu attakathur?
-Why can’t we compete like Abu Bakr (r.a) & Umar Khattab (r.a) for Deen, charity.
-Why for big houses & cars !!??!

Umar ibn Khattab (RA) narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SAW) commanded us to give sadaqah (charity). That coincided with my possession of some wealth at that time, so I thought, “Today I will outdo Abu Bakr, if I do.” So, I brought half of my wealth. Allah’s Messenger (SAW) asked me, “What have you retained for your family?” I said, “The like of it.” Abu Bakr came with all that he had. He asked him, “0 Abu Bakr, what have you retained for your family?” He said, “I have kept a side for them Allah and His Messenger.” I said, “Never will I overtake him in anything.” [Tirmidhi 3695, Abu Dawud 1678]

The Messenger of Allah said, "The world, with all that it contains, is accursed except for dhikr (the remembrance of Allah) that which pleases Allah; and the religious scholars and seekers of knowledge.'' [At-Tirmidhi]

The Son of Adam says, "My wealth, my wealth.'' But do you get anything (of benefit) from your wealth except for that which you ate and you finished it, or that which you clothed yourself with and you wore it out, or that which you gave as charity and you have spent it)'' [Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i]

So only 3 things are not cursed as per above Hadith,

-so why do we practise Alhakumu attakatur.
-the 3 dimensions of our wealth are: wealth except for that which you ate,
-clothed yourself with and you wore it out
-and which you gave as charity and you have spent it.
-the 4th category is we die & leave behind
-the wealth for our Family.

Narrated Anas: Allah’s Messenger said: “Three (things) follow a dead person: Members of his family, his possessions and his deeds. Two of them return; and one remains with him. The people and his wealth return; his deeds remain with him.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

-If you have good deeds, your grave will be expanded & sweet smelling grave.
-And those who have evil deeds will have a congested grave with bad smell.
-And the kuffaar who practise Alhakumu attakatur,
-they say the end justifies the means.
-Taught by Machiavelli - an Italian philosopher.

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Baqarah 2:165)

Shaikh is not promoting Poverty but he is advising;

-don’t allow the love of wealth, dunya to take away your Deen.
-Shaikh can’t teach poverty because...
-become rich like how our Sahabah's were rich but don’t give up your Deen for Dunya.

But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidûn (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). (Al-Qasas 28:77)

Like how Allah says in Surah 28:77

-Hence because of Surah 28:77, Shaikh can’t teach poverty.
-The best person is a rich Muslim who is practicing.
-The Worst person is a kaafir who is poor.
-Because the best person has Deen & Dunya.
-And the worst person has neither deen nor dunya.

Thus We have made you [true Muslims - real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be a witness over you. (Al-Baqarah 2:143)

The world comprises four kinds of people: (1) a man on whom Allah has bestowed wealth and knowledge and in (using) them, he fears his Lord and joins ties of relationship and gives the right of Allah, this man is in the most excellent category. (2) a man on whom Allah has bestowed knowledge, but does not bestow wealth and he is true in his intentions, saying, “If I had wealth then I would act as so-and-so,” this being his intention, so their rewards are equal; (3) a man on whom Allah has bestowed wealth, but does not bestow knowledge, and he tramples with his wealth ignorantly, not fearing his Lord, not joining ties of relationship and not giving rights of Allah, so he is in the worst of categories; (4) and, a man whom Allah has given neither wealth nor knowledge and he says, “If I had wealth I would do as so-andso does,” this being his intention, their burden is alike.” [Tirmidhi 2332, Abu Dawud 1645, Muslim 4228, Ahmed 18053]

We are the best Ummah
because we have both Deen & Dunya.
-We preach Deen & Dunya - we do not allow Dunya to take over Deen.

“And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.”... [Bukhari 47, Muslim 4, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005,Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]

We will compete with each other
on building the tallest building
-as per above Hadith.
-Muhammad (pbuh) was a real Prophet NOT a fake Prophet.
-And hence his prophecy has to come true.
-And that’s why Saudi is competing to build the tallest building.

No one can say on the news that the Sauds
-are building the tallest building that it’s a lie,
-because Prophet (pbuh) has indeed spoken the truth.
-If Saudi competed on liberating Palestine, etc...
-That would have been appropriate for them.
-Unlike what they are doing now... i.e...
-competing for Dunya & not Deen.
-They should be competing to liberate Muslim lands.
-But instead they are providing Petroleum
-to the kuffaar to bomb the Muslim lands.
-this is going against Al walaa wal baraa.

O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong¬doers and unjust). (Al-Ma'idah 5:51)

For when you help the crusader, you become one of them.

Ali narrated: We did not cease to doubt punishment in the grave till the surah was revealed: Your rivalry in the accumulation of wealth diverts your minds. (102:1 etc.) [Tirmidhi 3366]

People used to doubt the punishment
of the grave but after Surah 102:1
-no one doubted the punishment of the grave.
-i.e Ali (r.a), above Hadith,

Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:2)

Unlike the Hizbu Tahrir
who say there are no Punishment of the grave
-we give them Surah 102:1 as our Hujjah to debate them.
-The grave is very dark & it can stink, if you are a kaafir
-and there are snakes in the grave.
-The Hadith of Bukhari confirms that there are snakes in grave.

Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! (At-Takathur 102:6)

The reason of why snakes will bite is no Zakah and no salah.

-the Grave acts as a punishment & it is stinky, dark & congested.

Zurtumu >> Visitor

We are visitors until we reach the grave.

1. Mothers womb.
2. Dunya
3. Barazakh - The Grave
4. The Akhira - Hereafter.

Hattá Zurtumu Al-Maqabira >>> Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:2)

The only permanent place is our Grave.

-Until you reach Akhira.
-For that is the final abode.
-Unlike the Kufaar, they believe the Grave is the final abode

...Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said , ‘The grave s the first stop of the several stops before the hereafter, and deliverance from it means that after it is an easy sailing, but if one does not get deliverance from it then the following stages are more severe than it’.” He also said, I have not seen a sight more frightening than the sight of the grave. [Tirmidhi 2315, Ibn e Majah 4267]

Because they fear hell fire & do not want to accept the resurrection.

Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:3)

Again, Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:4)

Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! (At-Takathur 102:6)

And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! (At-Takathur 102:7)

Ayah 6 & Ayah 7 resemble.

-Why did Allah repeat the Ayah, the Tafseer is:
-When you are inside the grave, your destiny of the hell fire
-or Paradise will be shown to you.
-And on Judgment Day your destiny whether Hell fire & Paradise
-will be shown to you again.

Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! (At-Takathur 102:8)
Meaning, you would be able to see both Hell Fire & Paradise twice.

...and he (the wicked) will cry of sorrow and pain a cry that will be heard by all creatures except humans and jinn, and a door of hell will be opened unto him within his grave and will spread out for him sheets of hell fire]". Then he shall say: "My Lord do not bring the hour"... [This hadith is narrated by Ahmad]

Hence the reason why Allah repeats the Ayah.

Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah). (Al-Isra 17:36)

We'll be questioned about our hearing, heart & eyes.

-These things will be questioned on that day.
-Did we have the Aqeedah of ASWJ or of the Barelvis or Soofis, etc.
-Did we have racism in our heart, or nationalism,
-or lust, grieve, envy, etc...
-What was in our heart in Dunya..?
-Because Allah will question us...
-what did we use our eyesight for? what did we hear? etc..
-On the Judgment day, every pleasure
-we indulge in we will be accounted for.
-Like having a Girlfriend, lesbians, bisexual, etc..
-All these will be questioned by Allah on Judgment day.

Your eyesight will be questioned... did you hear halaal or haraam.
-your hearing will be questioned - did you gossip, backbite or slander.
-like how many people come to PT
-for gossip & backbiting, etc... bad deeds.

Some have aqeedah of Shiite in their heart
-Allah will question them.
-Some have Aqeedah of Barelvis who say Rasool (SAW) is Hazir Nazir
-Allah will question them.
-Some accept & believe in DemoCRAZY - Allah will question them.
-Racism, Nationalism, tribalism, dismantling the Shariah is minor kufr
-All this will be questioned by Allah.

We will be standing in front of Allah on Judgment day, without any translator.

This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn. (It is said that one's left thigh will be the first to bear the witness). (Ya-Sin 36:65)

-Our body parts will speak for us & testify against us on the day of Judgment.
-On the day of Judgment Allah will show the Muslims Zina, Khamr, etc...
-and the Muslim will accept it & Allah will forgive him & put him to paradise.

And when Kaffir will be questioned for his Haraam, he will deny & deny & deny & Allah will then throw him in Hell fire because the Kaafir's body parts will speak against him the truth!

The messenger (SAW) said: “ Allah will talk to everyone directly, without a translator. The person will look to his right, and will not see anything but his deeds. Then the person, will look in front of himself and will see nothing but the hellfire facing him. So protect yourself from Hellfire even by giving a charity of half a date.” [Reported by Imam Bukhari]

I made you ride upon the horses and camels, I gave you women to marry, and I made you reside and rule (in the earth). So where is the thanks for that'' (Ahmad)

One day Prophet (pbuh) left his home, when he migrated from Makkah to Medina, nothing caused him to leave except hunger, Abu Bakr, Umar Khattab both left because of Hunger... they went to the house of an Ansar, but he wasn’t there, (his wife was there). He, the Ansar said... nobody is better then me today, for I have Prophet (pbuh), Abu Bakr & Umar Khataab in my house, meaning a Wife is allowed to let a group of brothers in the house.. but not a single brother, it should be a group. He the Ansar was very happy & brought Dates & slaughtered Lamb & brought water. They, Prophet (pbuh) & the Sahabah ate their fill. Prophet (pbuh) said, indeed Allah will question you for feeding your brothers.

Meaning on the day of Judgment you will be questioned for both Halaal & Haraam.