Sunday, November 13, 2011

-220- Al-Kahf: The People of the Cave


TAFSEER SURAH AL-KAHF: The People of the Cave
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal


NOTES typed LIVE by AT-21
Edit and formatting by AT-21 and AT-5





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Bismillah....

This Surah was revealed because the pagans of Makkah
-went to Madinah and said 'Muhammad (saws) appeared before us
-and he is the real prophet, but how would we know?'

The Jews of Madinah asked him about 3 things:

1. the man who traveled the world
2. the sleepers in the cave
3. the human soul


If Muhammad can answer those 3 questions, they'd know he was a real prophet

Do you think that the people of the Cave and the Inscription (the news or the names of the people of the Cave) were a wonder among Our Signs? (Al-Kahf 18:9)

When we go in some caves
, there are names written there
-so you know they were once living there


We tell our children bedtime stories of the Prophets
-and the Sahabahs and those lessons
-even adults like stories because they have lessons for adults & children
-the majority of scholars say there were 7 sleepers in the cave

(Remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving folk) to the Cave, they said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!" (Al-Kahf 18:10)

WHY DID THEY EVEN RUN AWAY TO THE CAVE?

-one of the Jesus' disciples went to Turkey and gave dawah re: tawheed
-the king there was telling people to worship idols
-the king was named, Duqyanus .. he was an evil king and strict
-the young men who went there to invite people to tawheed
-and they accepted Shahadah
-the king was told that many had abandoned his idol-worship
-and he gave the young men a chance to recant their new belief
-that they were young and impressionable and going through "a phase"
-so the king held off killing them until they recanted their new beliefs
-these young men were from upper class society
-that king went on a trip and while he was gone,
-the men made hijrah from Turkey

Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrik├╗n (see V.2:105), and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: "We are Christians." That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. (Al-Ma'idah 5:82)

LESSONS FROM THESE AYAHS

1. PAGANS DON'T TOLERATE TAWHEED IN THEIR MIDST

-those who hate Muslims the most are Jews and mushrikeen
-while they were escaping from Turkey, a dog followed them
-they threw stones at the dog to chase him away because the dog was noisy
-they rather go live in a cave then go back to shirk
-because he, the dog, spoke in their language, it was a miracle;
-so they let him follow them
-in 18:10, they made a du'a first

"Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!" (Al-Kahf 18:10)

-the dog was a believer [animals believe in tawheed]
-and they knew when the dog spoke to them
-in the cave, there was fruits and water prepared for them

2. ALL ANIMALS ARE BELIEVERS IN TAWHEED

3. WE ARE PERMITTED TO HAVE A DOG IF IT'S A WATCH-DOG

-a pet dog is makrooh

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone acquires a dog, or keeps a dog, who is not for hunting or protecting sheep, then two qirats will he deducted from his reward every day.’ [Tirmidhi 1492, Bukhari 5480, Muslim 1574]

4. HIJRAH IS COMPULSORY WHEN WE'RE FORCED TO APOSTATE FROM OUR DEEN

-if the kuffaar oppress us to the point we can't practice, then we're to make hijrah

Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (An-Nisa 4:97)

-some people do not have hijrah on their agenda and it's
-because they want to live in luxury
-Prophet Lut's wife was like this
-and if we can not migrate because we can't make a passport,
-for example, we're not thrown in Hellfire
-but for those of us that CAN migrate, we will be held accountable
-for this staying in darul harb
-when they were causing us to apostate from deen

Some ummah ask: WE HAVE NO PLACE TO MIGRATE TO, SHAIKH, WHAT DO WE DO?

ANSWER:
Go to the Gulf countries instead of living among white gora of US and Europe

Anas ibn Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “A time will come on the people when the patient among them on his religion will be like one who holds live coal (in his hand). (Tirmidhi 2267)

Back to the story of the cave:

-the king gave the men a chance to apostate from their Shahadah and return to paganism

The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said: “I have nothing to do with every Muslim who settles among the mushrikeen.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 1604; Abu Dawood, no. 2645)

5. THESE MEN HAD TAWAKKUL
[had their trust in Allah]
-they gave up the comfort their beds for a cave because their trust was in Allah
-they weren't afraid of WHAT IF... ?

"Three groups of people Allah obliged Himself to help them: Mujahid in the cause of Allah, a worker to pay his debt, and the one who wants to marry to live a chaste life." (Tirmidhi 1661, Nisai 3120, Ibn e Majah 2518, Ahmed 9637)

-these men were not afraid of their standard of living would fall
-better for us now to migrate than for us to live upon the kaafirs
-who try to humiliate us

Therefore We covered up their (sense of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep sleep) in the Cave for a number of years. (Al-Kahf 18:11)

-the boys were sleeping deeply and soundly
-because Allah covered their hearing in the cave

We narrate unto you (O Muhammad SAW) their story with truth: Truly! They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah), and We increased them in guidance. (Al-Kahf 18:13)

-but while they slept, their eyes were wide open
-because if their eyes were closed for a long time, it would impair their vision
-their ears then were covered but their eyes were not

And We made their hearts firm and strong (with the light of Faith in Allah and bestowed upon them patience to bear the separation of their kith and kin and dwellings, etc.) when they stood up and said: "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, never shall we call upon any ilah (god) other than Him; if we did, we should indeed have uttered an enormity in disbelief. (Al-Kahf 18:14)

In those days, if you followed the teachings of Prophet Jesus,
-they would throw you to the lions
-Turkey, then, was a part of the Roman Empire,
-which hated Jesus [and his monotheism]
-how many of us would make hijrah to a place where we didn't know
-where we'd live or our next meal would come from?

6. WHEN WE MIGRATE, SOMETIMES WE LOSE OUR LOVED ONES
-mothers, fathers, cousins, siblings, and such
-so migration can be painful
-when the Sahabahs migrated from Makkah to Madinah and they were sad
-but Allah gave them sabr to lessen their pain
-they also left behind a comfortable dwelling

7. WHEN WE MIGRATE, WE MIGHT LOSE OUR HIGH STANDARD OF LIVING
-Suhaib was the one who was successful
-but because we're migrating fisabilillah,
-to hold on to our tawheed, we don't care
-but the munafiqh won't ever migrate to such uncertain circumstances:
-their belly & private parts come first
-the boys who migrated from Turkey said
-they'd never call upon anyone but Allah

8. TAWHEED IS OUR FITRAH [natural disposition]
-and the worst liar is the one who lies on Allah

"These our people have taken for worship aliha (gods) other than Him (Allah). Why do they not bring for them a clear authority? And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah. (Al-Kahf 18:15)

9. YOUNG PEOPLE GRAVITATE TOWARDS THE HAQQ EASIER THAN AN OLDER PERSON
-they want to save themselves from falsehood
-old people are more difficult to change their ways / beliefs
-the majority in Makkah and Madinah (then) were old people

(The young men said to one another): "And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave, your Lord will open a way for you from His Mercy and will make easy for you your affair (i.e. will give you what you will need of provision, dwelling, etc.)." (Al-Kahf 18:16)

The young men affirmed that Allah would provide for them

And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, declining to the right from their Cave, and when it set, turning away from them to the left, while they lay in the midst of the Cave. That is (one) of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs) of Allah. He whom Allah guides, is rightly guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the right Path). (Al-Kahf 18:17)

-Allah didn't make them suffer from the heat of the sun
-WHOMEVER ALLAH GUIDES, NOT ONE CAN MISGUIDE-

Verily! You (O Muhammad SAW) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided. (Al-Qasas 28:56)

Our only job is to give the message to the kaafir in a clear manner

10. ONCE WE TAKE THE SWEETNESS OF EEMAN, WE NEVER GO BACK TO JAHILIYYA

Narrated Anas: “The Prophet (saw) said,’ Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness of Iman (faith): 1. The one to whom Allah and His Messenger become dearer than anything else. 2. Who loves a person and he loves him solely for Allah’s sake. 3. Who hates to revert to kufr (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire’ “ (Sahih Bukhari (Arabic/English) Vol.1 pg.20 No.15)

THE SWEETNESS OF EEMAN:
1. ALLAH AND HIS RASOOL ARE THE MOST PRECIOUS TO US
2. WE LOVE ONLY FOR ALLAH'S SAKE
3. WE HATE TO REVERT TO KUFRDOM


Allah put an angel in the cave to turn them over
-and over to prevent becoming decomposed

And you would have thought them awake, while they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance [of the Cave or in the space near to the entrance of the Cave (as a guard at the gate)]. Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly have been filled with awe of them. (Al-Kahf 18:18)

11. WHEN WE'RE SLEEPING, WE MUST TURN OVER SO WE DO NOT DECOMPOSE

[or feel decomposed]
-we're not to sleep just on one side
-because that side while rot [w/ sores]
-as the angels turned them from side to side,
-we also remember that Allah didn't cover their eyes
-so their vision would not be impaired
-back to the dog: the boys were panicking
-because the dog was loud but the dog spoke to them!
-so when he spoke in their language,
-they knew it was a miracle from Allah 'tala
-they were still in Turkey when they were in that cave
-so they were still in danger there [in Ephesus]

Allah put the dog at the front of the cave
-to prevent people from coming IN to the cave
-the dog kept nosey people out
-all the scholars of tafseer said it was a guard-dog, not a pet-dog

Likewise, We awakened them (from their long deep sleep) that they might question one another. A speaker from among them said: "How long have you stayed (here)?" They said: "We have stayed (perhaps) a day or part of a day." They said: "Your Lord (Alone) knows best how long you have stayed (here). So send one of you with this silver coin of yours to the town, and let him find out which is the good lawful food, and bring some of that to you. And let him be careful and let no man know of you. (Al-Kahf 18:19)

HOW LONG WERE THEY SLEEPING IN THE CAVE?

-309 years
-they asked each other how long were we sleeping
-and each said part of a day

One of them went to the town to buy food, as they were hungry
-Amlikha went to the town w/ dirham to buy food [dirham - the money of that time]
-he was taken aback because the town did not look familiar to him
-the fields were gone & replaced by castles
-he was puzzled because the fiqhul waaqi changed so much
-someone said, 'are you lost, and are you a stranger?'
-Amlikha said he wasn't a stranger but he wanted to buy food

12. WHEN YOU'RE A STRANGER TO A CITY, IT'S EASY FOR OTHERS TO TELL
-your body language gives you away
-this is important lesson especially if you see a con-artist
-let's say you go to Rome, Italy and you want to go somewhere close,
-the taxi driver can drive for a long time
-just to make the meter go up and you'll have no idea
-this happened to a friend of Shaikh Faisal
-no one would let Shaikh go shopping by himself in Africa
-so no one dealt w/ him as a stranger
-the market was gone and replaced by tall castles,
-after all, it was 309 years that he slept
-he took out his silver coin, dirham,
-w/ the head of the wicked king on it, Duqyanus
-the man on the coin died 300 years ago
-so the coin is no longer relevant
-so a crowd gathered around Amlikha
-and the people were curious
-they brought the boy to the king and said he was asleep for a long time
-he was trying to say they had just been sleeping
-a little while when it was 309 years
-but the king asked for a delegation to go w/ him to Amlikha's cave
-the new king said the wicked king is dead
-and we do not worship idols - I am a believer

13. THE FIQHUL WAAQI of a country does NOT REMAIN THE SAME
-it changes all the time
-50 years ago, for us to have a black man in the White House in US was unthinkable

14. CURRENCIES DO NOT REMAIN THE SAME
-in the UK, currency changes many times

...And they will never cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islamic Monotheism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever." (Al-Baqarah 2:217)

ITALY:

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/13/world/europe/silvio-berlusconi-resign-italy-austerity-measures.html

15. THE KUFFAAR ARE DICTATORS
-they do not tolerate tawheed in their midst

"For if they come to know of you, they will stone you (to death or abuse and harm you) or turn you back to their religion, and in that case you will never be successful." (Al-Kahf 18:20)

And thus We made their case known to the people, that they might know that the Promise of Allah is true, and that there can be no doubt about the Hour. (Remember) when they (the people of the city) disputed among themselves about their case, they said: "Construct a building over them, their Lord knows best about them," (then) those who won their point said (most probably the disbelievers): "We verily shall build a place of worship over them." (Al-Kahf 18:21)


All the people in the city became believers
-after learning about the sleepers in the cave
-they constructed a building in honor of the boys
-[saying there were 3 boys + the dog]
-some saying there were 5 boys + 1 dog
-but some say there were 7 sleepers and 1 dog
-but Allahu alim

(Some) say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, guessing at the unseen; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (O Muhammad SAW): "My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few." So debate not (about their number, etc.) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you). And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture, Jews and Christians) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave. (Al-Kahf 18:22)

The pagans of Makkah went to Madinah

-and asked him about the soul, the man who traveled the world and the sleepers
-the Prophet told them to come tomorrow
-the angel stayed about because they did not say INSH'ALLAH

And never say of anything, "I shall do such and such thing tomorrow." (Al-Kahf 18:23)

Except (with the saying), "If Allah will!" And remember your Lord when you forget and say: "It may be that my Lord guides me unto a nearer way of truth than this." (Al-Kahf 18:24)


-always say, Insh'allah before we plan to do anything or say a thing
-the kaafirs were wondering why it was taking him 15 days to answer them
-but he didn’t' say insh'allah, so the revelation to him was delayed,
-thus, so was he delayed

And they stayed in their Cave three hundred (solar) years, and add nine (for lunar years). (Al-Kahf 18:25)

Say: "Allah knows best how long they stayed. With Him is (the knowledge of) the unseen of the heavens and the earth. How clearly He sees, and hears (everything)! They have no Wali (Helper, Disposer of affairs, Protector, etc.) other than Him, and He makes none to share in His Decision and His Rule." (Al-Kahf 18:26)