Tuesday, December 6, 2011

-12-Mostalah (hadeeth) Class by Abu Abdullah


Download Mostalah - Lesson 12 [INCOMPLETE RECORDING].

-on the topic of hadeeth
-hadeeth as a structure will have 2 parts
1. The hadeeth itself, the wording,
2. The body

-this is what you take and apply if you are an alim
-e.g. if you want to know how good a certain sahabi was
-you read the hadith to know
-the rasul (saw) said if you spend the weight of mount Uhud in gold,
-you will still not be like them

"Do not curse my Companions. If any of you were to spend the weight of Uhud in gold, it still would not reach the measure (mudd) of one of them nor even one-half of it." (Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)

But this is not enough

-in itself you can’t say whether it is being said by rasul or not
-in the past during the time of the companions
-all there was, was to ask, 'did the prophet say that?'
-and if the sahabah say yes, they accept
-and that’s definite authentication
-or maybe the sahabi will say i never heard of it
-or nobody ever heard of it or the wording is not right
-so they will say it is weak

But the problem started in the 3rd century
-we may have something reported by an imam and you will hear him say ‘Anas said’
-in this case it came from a real imam
-so this is top authentic
-or maybe it came from Suffyan at Thawri
-so it’s authentic- SAHIH

Or maybe you say it came from a good man but who is not famous for saying hadith
-he heard it no problem
-he was alive and available and a good memorizer
-but the problem is he is not famous for it
-but if the hadith is not on divorce we can say it is HASSAN
-Hassan is authentic but it is not from someone famous
-we can’t say it did not happen, because someone remembered it
-but we can’t say it is authentic 100%
-so we say it is Hassan (hujjah)
-it came from a person that is not famous

The 3rd one is DAEEF
-the man is known for making mistakes
-or does not have a good memory
-or he does not keep hadeeth in books

Memorizing has 2 types:
1. Keeping in heart
2. Keeping in books
-some people were like Imam Shafi’i
-he had a photographic memory
-he looks at a page once and it’s like he is photocopying it in his heart

But people have to keep in paper
-and also lock it
-why? Because you put information in a book and you lock it in your chest
-so you put the information in the chest, book and locker
-if your chest is not good this is a problem
-if your books are not good like a blind person or bad hand writing too
-if you don’t lock your books properly you are in big trouble
-who can tell if you are not having a cousin who does not like your hadeeth
-so when you sleeping, he comes to add something
-or maybe he is your own writer and you are blind, so he adds to it

There is a man called Abdur- Razzaq
-he was Shia
-he had a cousin who was rafidite
-he was a bad kaafir
-so this nephew used to tamper with his books
-ulama try to defend his books
-but i don’t think this is defendable

Some people have a defect
-so you can’t rely on your chest
-some people keep in books
-like ibn Irrah
-his books all got burnt at one time
-and he used to give hadith from his books
-so ulama said if the hadeeth was narrated before the books got burnt you take it
-but if after it you don’t
-but how do we tell?
-they said if it is from Abdullah, you take it
-because he took hadeeth from him before burning

There was a man called Simak ibn Harb who had a disease called Al Talkeen
-meaning dictation
-an imam should not accept to be dictated, it is a disease
-he used to accept dictation and that’s a disease in hadith
-how? You usually go and listen to your shaikh and they tell you everything
-but then you did not go one day
-and a man comes and tells you your shaikh said so and so
-so you accept the dictation and write it

Doing this is very bad
-because you can’t tell whether the person that told you is good or not
-maybe he is a liar
-or has a bad memory
-so if this imam tells us a hadeeth that he took after dictation don’t take it
-but if before you can take it

So this is the manner of keeping hadeeth
-this will lead to a different topic
-our topic today;

-e.g. if I tell somebody in the room that
-today we had a lesson from Shaikh Faisal about akhlaaq (morals)
-brother ibn Waraqa will say to me wait, who are you?
-he has to know who I am
-maybe because of the @ i have to my name i am known
-but it does not mean he has to accept from me
-so we don’t take a hadeeth from an unknown person
-how can we tell a person is known?

The word KNOWN has 2 types:
1. MAJHOOL AL A3IN (their name is unknown)
2. MAJHOOL AL 7AAL (their status is unknown)

-the first one is a person who you don’t know anything about as a person
-you don’t know his name

Somebody comes and tells you akhbarani rajul
-who is this man?
-Allahu A’alam
-‘and one of his companions said’
-who is his companion?
-you can’t tell.
-the only time you accept someone without knowing his name is if he is a sahabah
-Allah said in surah 48:29

…مُحَمَّد ٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ
[سُورَة الفَتح : 29]
Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allāh, and those who are with him… (Al-Fath 48:29)

-so we accept them
-but apart from them we don’t and the person is unknown and rejected

Let us say i can tell you Muhammad ibn Ahmad Ibn Ali said it
-now am giving you a name (majhool al a3in)
-but does that make him known? No
-his status is not known
-maybe he is good or bad
-does anybody know him? Does anybody give him reference?
-did anybody give him credentials? NO, so we can’t accept his hadith
-so for us to accept hadeeth from someone:

1. He has to be known by name
2. And his status is he trustworthy or not

-these 2 have to be taken into account at the same time
-this takes us back to the first topic
-if the ulama memorized the hadeeth or not
-can a person be known just by his books? No.

If i find a manuscript hidden at a place for a long time (1500 years)
-and it has hadeeth
-we take it for carbon dating
-and it turned out to be of that era, so it must have been written by a Muslim
-and it turns out to be good things not bad things
-do we call that hadeeth? NO
-it is still not hadeeth
-we have to have the name of the alim in the book
-even if he is from the 1st century
-or from the time of the prophet. Why?

Because Islam had enemies from the time of Ali (r.a) (year 40 AH)
-the Majoos, Shia
-they could have written anything they liked and kept it
-and we know Ali witnessed their burning, he burned them alive
-but not all of them died

If you find a hadeeth without sanad that said in the year 2011
-some Muppet governments will be ousted
-do we still accept it? NO.
-it’s an event that has taken place but it does not make it a hadeeth
-not because it happened its true
-some events happen haphazardly and are not true prophesies
-prophesies don’t make prophets
-but prophets make prophesies

What if you find a hadeeth in Bukhari that says the river of Egypt will dry up?
-but the river is not dry yet
-so does that make it not hadeeth
-NO. Because prophesies happen not in sequence
-this takes us to the 3rd topic:

-and they call him the awaited one
-most hadeeth on this have been fabricated, not all of them
-however if we still look at those hadeeth
-then we are only bound by the divine order not the divine news
-we are bound by an order from Allah SWT to pray, fast etc. so we do them
-we are not bound by things in the books that talk about the Mahdi
-because it did not say he will come in the year 2011
-it did not give a time for his coming
-it just said near the end of time and can be anytime

Nobody is waiting for Mahdi
-so if you tell me the Mahdi is here,
-i will say and so what?
-unless he shows me a sign that is authentic in my books, then he is not Mahdi
-I have no obligations towards him, but I have my obligations towards the sharia of Allah
-so i will concentrate on doing my salah, fasting, hajj, jihad, studies etc.
-and anything outside the divine orders we can’t tell how it will happen
-its news not an order

In Qur’an Allah talks about Al Zalzala in surah 99
-that an earthquake will happen at some stage

إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا
[سُورَة الزَّلزَله : 1]
When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. (Az-Zalzalah 99:1)

وَأَخْرَجَتِ الأَرْضُ أَثْقَالَهَا
[سُورَة الزَّلزَله : 2]
And when the earth throws out its burdens, (Az-Zalzalah 99:2)

وَقَالَ الإِنسَانُ مَا لَهَا
[سُورَة الزَّلزَله : 3]
And man will say: "What is the matter with it?" (Az-Zalzalah 99:3)

يَوْمَئِذ ٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا
[سُورَة الزَّلزَله : 4]
That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil). (Az-Zalzalah 99:4)

بِأَنَّ رَبَّكَ أَوْحَى لَهَا
[سُورَة الزَّلزَله : 5]
Because your Lord has inspired it. (Az-Zalzalah 99:5)

-are you bound by these events? NO
-they will happen whether you like it or not
-you know they will happen insha Allah so you prepare for them
-but if an earthquake happens in Saudi will we say it is that? NO
-if an earthquake happens somewhere and skeletons are found there,
-does that mean its AL ZALZAL? NO
-it just means an earthquake

There are so many hadeeth on Mahdi that some are laughable
-you have that of Shia, Ismaeli and Banu Umaiya, Banu Abbas
-One time they say he is from Hussein, from Banu Abbas etc.
-so if someone comes and say he is Muhammad ibn Abdullah and ask for bay'a
-we can’t assume he is the Mahdi mentioned in the hadeeth
-do we give it to him? NO
-because Allah did not bind you for that
-the mahdi is bound to show you that he is the mahdi
-you are not bound to go look for him
-are we going to the graves in Iraq looking for Mahdi and hitting ourselves?
-you don’t look for him, he will look for you
-whether there is Mahdi now or not i don’t care
-did he show the signs, nobody has as at now
-when he comes he will have enough power to prove himself
-and by that we will follow him
-so don’t worry about this Mahdi issue

1. How many types of memorization do we have?

i) in the chest
ii) in books
iii) in both
-only one of them is not good
-The best form is both. Why?
-maybe you memorize hadeeth and forget
-or the book gets burned
-so you should memorize it and also record it in books
-the storage is the most important factor for books
-it has to be in a safe place where people cannot go and ruin it

2. Can anybody give a definition of an authentic hadeeth?
i)-it is a hadeeth from a sahabi
-with a continuous chain, no drops or cuts
ii)-and the people in the chain are trustworthy
iii)-the people in the chain are good memorizers
-and it’s in 2 parts and they are integral
-in chest and in books
iv)-it does not have any diseases- AL ILAL

The diseases which may attack a hadeeth
i) May attack the sanad
ii) May attack the Matn, the wording

-the attack can be;
1. Apparent
2. In apparent

-e.g. if the alim is telling us Ahmad heard from Hussein ibn Ali the shaikh of Ahmad
-but we know Ahmad has no shaikh called Hussein ibn Ali
-so we check all the man with this name who lived in the time of Ahmad
-so we know the name but his status is unknown
-therefore this is apparent disease

The in apparent disease has Tadlees
-in the time of Ahmad and his friend Ibn Maeen
-these 2 alims went to another city and went to the mosque
-while they were sitting a shaikh came and said
-Ahmad and Ibn Maeen gave me permission to say these ahadeeth
-so after the lesson imam Ahmad went to him and asked him
-do you know the 2 men you are quoting?’
-he said yes
-do you know me? He said no
-so Imam Ahmad told him i am Ahmad and this is my friend ibn Maeen
-the man said i meant Ahmad and ibn Maeen my friends not you
-this is the worst type of lying
-Imam Shoabi said it is easier for me to be caught fornicating than in the act of Tadlees
-Tadlees is worse than Zina, because people believe it

Dictation has ruined a man called Bin Baz from Saudi
-he accepted dictation and it ruined him as an alim
-i attended some of his lectures
-if he is told ibn Sauud is applying sharia he goes on and say
-ibn Sauud is very good
-he is blind and does not see what they play on TV so how did he know.

Next lesson we will bring hadeeth and look at how to bring takhreej

Question: Are there ahadith from non-muslims that can be accepted?
-NO. Hadeeth are accepted from trustworthy people
-and if he is not Muslim he is not
-so you can’t accept his hadeeth
-if a sahabi was Christian and then became Muslim
-We have many famous sahabah who were non- Muslims before

How do we judge their hadeeth?
-we accept as a start that any sahabi’s hadeeth we accept
-because sahabah don’t lie intentionally
-if a sahabi tells us the rasul said so and so we accept. Full stop
-Even if he was a non- Muslim before
-and we know that all sahabah were one time not Muslims
-the only person who was never kaafir was the rasul (saw) himself
-so if a sahabah tells us while he was a kaafir so and so happened we accept

Narrated By 'Amr bin Maimun: During the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance I saw a she-monkey surrounded by a number of monkeys. They were all stoning it, because it had committed illegal sexual intercourse. I too, stoned it along with them. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 58, Hadith #188]

A sahabi said, when i was kaafir i saw monkeys stoning a monkey
-and i think it committed zina that was why, this is what he thought
-do we disbelieve him? NO, we believe him
-he saw monkeys stoning a monkey and he thought it was sharia
-but we know monkeys don’t have sharia in Islam
-we accept because he thought so at that time
-so we accept that’s what he thought
-but not that the thing happens

Orientalist use this hadeeth to mock Islam
-we answer by saying we know monkeys don’t stone monkeys
-and monkeys don’t have shari’a
-but we accept his interpretation
-we accept because sahabah don’t lie but we do not accept the fact

Question: You talked about the Mahdi. As far as i understood it means that the event of the Mahdi doesn’t change our obligations (salah, hajj, jihad and so on) so therefor it should not influence us in our life. Is this the right view?
-you should never wait for Mahdi
-it should not deter you from your obligations
-Allah gave me a brain and eyes, and if He asks me is there a Mahdi? I will say I don’t know
-the ulama did not say if you don’t believe in Mahdi you are kaafir
-there is a man called Abdullah Al Mahmoud
-he taught Bin Baz and was the cardi in Qatar
-and wrote a book that there is nothing called Mahdi
-i personally believe may be there is a Mahdi coming
-but i have no obligation, I don’t wait for him

We as ASWJ have 2 books, Bukhari and Muslim
-they are the most authentic after Qur’an and Sunnah
-but they don’t have anything on the Mahdi
-it is not really a big thing in Islam
-it is not in Qur'an and not in sahih
-if you tell me there is hadeeth that Mahdi is from Hussein
-i can tell you there is hadeeth that he is from ibn Abbas also
-if there is a Mahdi there are signs he will show that he deserves my bay'a