Saturday, December 24, 2011

-243- The 4 Pillars of Qadr


THE 4 PILLARS OF QADR
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal


NOTES typed LIVE by AT-21
Edit and formatting by AT-21 and AT-5






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Bismillah…

ISLAM HAS PILLARS
1 SHAHADAH
2 SALAH
3 ZAKAH
4 SAUM
5 HAJJ

EEMAN HAS 6 PILLARS (belief in…)
1 ALLAH
2 HIS ANGELS
3 HIS REVEALED BOOKS
4 HIS MESSENGERS
5 THE LAST DAY (QIYAMAH)
6 QADR

QADR HAS 4 PILLARS

1. HIS ILM (HIS PERFECT KNOWLEDGE)
2. KITAABA (Allah wrote down His knowledge)
3. MASHEE'A (Allah wills and permits things to happen)
4. KHALQ (Allah created all our actions)

QADR is a topic we fail to understand

-this is one of the 6 pillars of eeman
-we’re required to believe in Qadr to be a Muslim

Umar (RA) ibn al-Khattab (RA) said that they were with Allah’s Messenger (SAW) when a man came wearing extremely white clothing and deep black hair but signs of a journey could not be detected on him nor could they recognise him as one of them. He came to the Prophet (SAW) and sat down beside him, his knees touching the Prophet’s (SAW). He asked “O Muhammad, what is faith”? He said, “It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers (peace be upon them all), in the Last Day and in Predestination of good and evil.” He asked, “And what is Islam?” He said, ‘It is. to testify that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger (SAW) to establish the Salah, to pay the Zakah, to perform pilgrimage of the House and to fast in Ramadan.’ He asked, “And what is Ihsan”? He said, It is that you worship Allah as though you see Him, for it you cannot see Him, He sees you.” The visitor remarked, “In everything that you have spoken, you spoke truth.” Umar (RA) said that they were surprised at his questioning him and then confirming that he spoke the truth. Next, he asked, “And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.” Umar (RA) said that the Prophet (SAW) then met him after three days and said, “Umar (RA), do you know who the questioner was? He was Jibril come to teach you the basics of your religion.” [Bukhari 47, Muslim 4, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]

To believe in qadr is required
(it is a pillar of eeman)
-some things we're not to delve into because they create fitna
-where Allah's name and attributes are concerned, we're to

READ THEM - BELIEVE THEM - LEAVE THEM
-some w/ shirk in their hearts do not believe that, for ex., Allah has 2 hands
-they make Allah similar to the creation

(Allah) said: "O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands? Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the highly exalted?" (Sad 38:75)

-we do not put a spin on ayahs
-some borrow from the Zoroastrians

And when you (Muhammad SAW) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur'an) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong¬doers, etc.). (Al-An'am 6:68)

"Allah laughs about two men who kill each other but both enter paradise." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim)


-they also have a problem w/ hadith that Allah laughs
-so they call us mushrik
-"how does Allah laugh?" or "how is Allah on the throne?"
-or "how does He speak?"
-HE IS ABOVE THE THRONE IN A WAY THAT BEFITS HIS DIGNITY AND MAJESTY

READ THEM - BELIEVE THEM - LEAVE THEM = THE AYAHS AND HADITH

THE FITNAH BETWEEN THE SAHABAHS

-we're not discussing their fitnah because we were not there
-such as at the Battle of Siffin or the fitnah
-between Ali and Mu’awiyah and Aisha (r.a.)

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. (Al-Baqarah 2:134)

We are not to ask about matters that have passed away
-we use this to shut people up
-who are beginning fitnah about the Sahabahs

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. (Al-Baqarah 2:134)

FITNAH MAKERS: HIS ATTRIBUTES AND NAMES, THE SAHABAHS AND QADR

'Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habeeb Ibn Abee Habeeb on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather [who] said: I witnessed Khaalid Ibn 'Abdullah Al-Qasree - and he addressed them at Waasit - "Oh People, make sacrifice, may Allah accept it from you. Verily I am sacrificing Al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham, for indeed he claims that Allah did not take Ibrahim as a khaleel (close friend), and [that] He did not speak to Moosa. Most Perfect is He and exalted is He from what Al-Ja'd says." Then he descended and slaughtered him. I say: And the Jahmiyya and Mu’tazila speak with this, and they distort the text of the revelation regarding that, and they claim that the Lord is purified of that [i.e. having spoken to Moses and taken Ibrahim as a khalil] Mukhtasar al-Uluww" of adh-Dhahabi, (p.133).


-he was beheaded because he tampered w/ Allah's (swt) names and attributes
-this topic can create fitna (His names and Attributes)
-qadr and qadaa = few know the difference between the two

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF QADR?
-a good teacher teaches the definition of a word or concept
-such as what is a Sahabah? a Muslim who died believing in Muhammad (pbuh) as the last prophet

QADR is Allah's secret knowledge
-of the future and His documentation of that knowledge
-and everything will happen to how He documented it
-if you have knowledge of the unseen - 7:188 -

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf 7:188)

The Battle of Uhud

-Muhammad let the kaafirs free after they were captured
-but they came back the next year to slaughter Sahabahs
-so this was an error of Muhammad (if he knew the future)
-he would not have freed them

SHIA HUJJAH: The Imams have knowledge of the past and future; and nothing is hidden from them. ( Al-Kafi vol.1 p.260 )

Only Allah knows the future so QADR is His SECRET knowledge
-he documented His knowledge

"Young man, I will teach you some words: Preserve (your obligations toward) Allah and He will preserve you. Guard (your obligations toward) Allah, and you will find Him on your side. When you ask, ask Allah. When you seek aid and succour, seek it from Allah. And know, that if the entire nation got together to benefit you in some way, they could never benefit you at all except for that which Allah had already decreed for you. And, if they all got together to harm you in some way, they could do you no harm except for that which Allah had already decreed for you. The pens have been lifted, and the tablets have dried." [At-Tirmidhi, and he rated it Sahih]

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz). (Al-Qamar 54:49)

ALLAH CREATED ALL THINGS IN EARTH AND IN HEAVEN

Narrated by Ibn Abbas who related “The first thing which Allah created was the Pen, and He said to it, ‘Write.’ It responded, ‘What should I write?’ He said, ‘Write everything that will occur until the Day of Resurrection.’ (Abu Dawood 4700)


-he said Uktub (write)
-everything was written until the Day of Judgment

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported having heard from Allah’s Messenger (SAW) who said, “Allah decreed the destinies before He created the heavens and earth by fifty thousand years.” [Tirmidhi 2163, Ahmed 6590, Muslim 2653]

QADR does not mean we are forced

-some thing we're stripped of accountability
-the Jabriyyah believe this (they are fatalists)
-ex if I cheat on my wife, it's the qadr of Allah to do so
-adultery is not predestined
-they say we should not make DUA if everything is predestined

THE BATTLE OF BADR
-the Rasool cried till his shirt was soaked w/ tears
-his dua to Allah changed events because his benefit was answered

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: On the day of the battle of Badr, the Prophet said, "O Allah! I appeal to You (to fulfill) Your Covenant and Promise. O Allah! If Your Will is that none should worship You (then give victory to the pagans)." Then Abu Bakr took hold of him by the hand and said, "This is sufficient for you." The Prophet came out saying, "Their multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs." (54.45) [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #289]

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. (Al-Baqarah 2:186)

WE CAN MAKE DUA

-those who say we have not benefit from du'a are Jabriyyah

THE KUFFAAR WHO WERE IN THE BELLY OF THE BOAT

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)


-the pagans called upon ALLAH to save them
-in the boat and HE ANSWERED THEIR DUAA
-but they were pagans!
-so Allah answers the duaa of the unbeliever - if He wills
-but they broke their promise to Him (and He knew that)

IF DUAA IN NOT A BENEFIT TO US, WHY WOULD ALLAH ANSWER DUAA OF THE KAAFIR?

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)

DUAA is a part of QADR

-you won't get a pious wife until you make duaa for her
-we must beg Him for her (pious wife) while we're in sajdah
-the Rasool didn't waste his time
-when he prayed for help @ the Battle of Badr

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. (Al-Baqarah 2:186)
-Allah answered him and sent him 1000 angels to help fight the kuffaar

JABRIYYAH aqeeda contradicts 2:186

QADR
.. doesn't mean we're forced to do what we do
-it means Allah documented His knowledge
-just because He knew Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab rejected faith
-doesn't mean THAT IS WHY THEY REJECTED IT
-Umar and Abu Bakr both took Shahadah
-these used their free will to accept Islam
-no one forced anyone to ACCEPT or REJECT Islam

QADR is Allah's secret knowledge of the future
-and His documentation of that knowledge
-and everything will happen to how He documented it
-we call them Jabriyyah because jabr (forced)

Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say: "If Allah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will)." Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with Allah's Messengers), till they tasted of Our Wrath. Say: "Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie." (Al-An'am 6:148)

THE KUFFAAR OF MAKKAH
worshiped idols
-because they said it was predestined to do so
-they say Allah willed it
-their situation is pitiful, appalling and pathetic
-so the aqeeda of the Jabriyyah existed
-in the time of the Rasool; it is not new

WHY DID WE DISCUSS THE PEOPLE OF MAKKAH?
-historically, people try to blame QADR for their crimes

UMAR, when he was the caliph, a man stole ...

It was reported that a man who was caught stealing was brought to 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab who ordered that this man’s hand be cut off. The man said: “Wait, O leader of the believers! I only stole because this was in the Qadr of Allaah." 'Umar replied “And we are amputating your hand because it is in the Qadr of Allaah.”


-he asked why the man stole and the man said IT WAS THE WILL OF ALLAH
-he got his hand cut off and 30 lashes, too,
-because he lied on Allah
-liars are also thieves

SINS HAVE BROTHERS AND SISTERS
-we lie our way out of thievery
-the brother of theft is lying
-pride and arrogance has the brother: envy, too

WHY DID WE DISCUSS UMAR AND THE MAN WHO STOLE?
-historically, people try to blame QADR for their crimes

The MADkhalis have the same aqeeda of the Jabriyyah
-they say to leave the Muslim leaders alone
-because they are in power because of QADR

Prophet (saws) said topple the leader if you see clear kufr [Bukhari Vol 9 Page 146]

SYRIA: Bashar Al-Assad
says for us to make our Shahadah to him
-his soldiers kill 500 people per day
-are we not to topple him?
-the Rasool said to topple the leader w/ clear kufr

MUNAFIQHS HAVE A COCKTAIL OF BELIEFS
-their aqeeda is not sincere and it's a mixture of others

Ali @ the Battle of Nahruwaan
-Abu Muljim went to kill Ali (r.a.)
-and other Khawarijj went to kill Amr ibn al-As and Mu’awiyah
-the one who went to kill Amr ibn al As
-(but the Khawarijj killed the wrong person)
-since then said IT WAS THE WILL OF ALLAH

MUNAFIQHS HAVE A COCKTAIL OF BELIEFS - they flip flops
-sincere people stick to one aqeedah

MADkhalis are murji'a w/ leaders but harsh w/ the ummah

ABU KHADEEJAH
(lives in UK) ..
-said he does not know who Aafia Siddique
-he is Khawarijj so this is why he doesn't know her
-we all know who she is
-may Allah hasten her release

Abu Khadeejah: "As for Babar, then this man is an extremist deviant innovator who should not be aided. As for the other person, then I do not know her."

ABU KHADEEJAH:
http://forums.islamicawakening.com/f18/abu-khadeejah-gives-fatwa-regarding-babar-ahmad-52172/

It was narrated from Abd-Allaah ibn Masood (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: "Whoever starts his day caring about something other than Allaah has nothing to do with Allaah, and whoever does not care about the Muslims is not one of them." [Narrated by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (4/356)

-munafiqhs like to listen to munafiqhs

Munafiqhs think they will use ignorance as an excuse on Judgment Day
-they gravitate to heresy and shirk and kufr

The Khawarijj who killed the wrong man in Egypt,
-had the aqeeda of the Jabriyyah

HOW TO CHECKMATE THE JABRIYYAH
-ask them if they had a daughter who was killed and raped
-by a man and dumped in a river
-would they tell the judge, IT WAS ALLAH'S QADR,
-so release the man who killed my daughter

Ali reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "The pen has been raised for three persons (meaning they are not held accountable for what they do): one who is sleeping until he gets up, a child until he reaches the age of puberty, and an insane person until he becomes sane." [Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim]

ONLY 3 PEOPLE ARE RELEASED FROM THEIR ACCOUNTABILITY
1 CHILD BEFORE PUBERTY
2 A MADMAN
3 SLEEPING MAN

JABRIYYAH
: man is stripped from accountability

opposite side of spectrum ...

QADRIYYAH: they deny qadr
-we call them this because they deny qadr

IBN ABASS
-he wanted to go to the people who denied qadr
-so he could dig out their eyes
-or bury them w/ Muslims

(These Ayat were revealed about some members of my Ummah. They will come before the end of time and deny Al-Qadar.) Ata' bin Abi Rabah said, "I went to Ibn `Abbas and found him drawing water from the well of Zamzam. The bottom of his clothes was wet with the water of Zamzam and I said to him, `They talked about Al-Qadar (some denied it).' He asked, `Have they done this' I said, `Yes.' He said, `By Allah! This Ayah was revealed only about them, ("Taste you the touch of Hell!'' Verily, We have created all things with Qadar.) They are the worst members of this Ummah. Do not visit those who fall ill among them or pray the Funeral prayer for those among them who die. If I saw one of them, I would pluck out his eyes with these two fingers of mine.'' [Ibn Kathir agreed Tirmidhi]

Muhsin Hendricks:

-he has a study circles for gays and calls it the INNER CIRCLE
-he is dismissed as a Satanist

Gay Imam in CapeTown:
http://www.al-bab.com/arab/articles/text/gt_may2007.htm

-other shaikhs dismiss him because there's no such thing as a gay Muslim

NEW ORLEANS, US = a very GAY city
-some put a spin on Qur'an and put their own tafseer (a gay tafseer)
-in the INNER CIRCLE
-Muhsin Hendricks - made up his own religion and is not a Muslim
-when we make haraam from halal or halal from haraam:
-you are guilty of making up your own HISLAM

You will inevitably follow the paths of those who came before you, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered the hole of a lizard, you will follow them.” We said, “O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said, “Who else?” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-I’tisaam bi’l-Kitaab wa’l-Sunnah, 6889; Muslim, al-‘Ilm, 6723)

-we follow those before us, inch by inch ... even into a lizard hole
-there are now gay mosques and they want to build pink mosques
-so this is a fulfillment of Muhammad’s prophesy

Qadriyyah deny qadr .. they say Allah didn't predestine anything
-what happens in the world today is man's doings
-they paint the worst scenario
-ex they mention Dr Harold Shipman (UK)

Harold Shipman:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Shipman

In 2002, in UK - Ian Huntley's murders

IAN HUNTLEY / SOHAM MURDERS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soham_murders

-he helped Scotland Yard to look for the murderer (it was him)
-the news sensationalized this story
-A primary school employed him (the most dangerous pedophile)
-he admitted to being a Satanist
-someone who denies qadr says DID ALLAH PREDESTINE THAT?

QADR:
ALLAH'S SECRET KNOWLEDGE OF THE FUTURE
AND HIS DOCUMENTATION OF HIS PERFECT KNOWLEDGE

-and all will happens according to His documented knowledge (ilm)

Those who don't know the definition, do not understand it
-if you think qadr forces you to do what you do,
-you'll end up as a Qadriyyah or Jabriyyah

QADRIYYAH ... "man creates his own actions"
-this aqeeda is SHIRK because you're believing in others beside Allah
-if you think there are other creators beside Allah,
-you've nullified tawheed rububiyyah
-your aqeeda also contradicts the Quran

"While Allah has created you and what you make!" (As-Saffat 37:96)

DEVIANTS ALWAYS CONTRADICT THE HOLY QURAN

-there is an ayah for each deviant group

WHAT IS OUR AQEEDA IN REGARD TO QADR
-(the aqeeda of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamm'ah)
-we are between all the extremes of life

Thus We have made you [true Muslims - real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation (2:143)

JEWS / CHRISTIANS

MURJI'A [gives you hope - liberal / KHAWARIJJ
-[takes away your hope - puritan]

MATERIALIST / SPIRITUALIST
2:143 says that we are a balanced nation / not lopsided Muslims
-ummatan wasatan (balanced)

Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). (As-Saff 61:5)

QADR and QADAA - we use interchangeably

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DESTINY AND PREDESTINATION

-qadr is changed w/ daily duaa
-qadaa can NOT be changed

"Nothing could change the Qadar except Du`a’." (Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, Hadith no. 277; Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 3, Hadith no. 139; and classified as Hasan (good)

Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) (Ra'd 13:39)

Example:

-if we need our home and traveling in a car,
-and we lose our legs in a car accident but
-if we asked Allah to protect our journey He projects us from injury

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone prays to Allah then his prayer is answered. It may be granted promptly in this life or stored for him for the Hereafter. Or his sins may he atoned against that to the extent of his prayer provided he does not pray for a sin or severance of ties of relationship, or makes haste. They asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, how does one make haste?’ He said, “He may complain that he prayed to his Lord but was given no answer.” [Tirmidhi 3618, Ahmed 13007, Muslim 2735, Abu Dawud 1484]

WE GET 3 ANSWERS TO DUAA

1 what we asked for in the dunya
2 a calamity is withheld from us
3 it is saved for us on Judgment day

Narrated By Saud: The Prophet said, "If you hear of an outbreak of plague in a land, do not enter it; but if the plague breaks out in a place while you are in it, do not leave that place." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 7, Book 71, Hadith #624]

UMAR said he was running from the qadr of disease to qadr of good health

IS IT COMPULSORY ON US TO BE PLEASED W/ QADR?


There is nothing in Qur'an or Sunnah
-that commands us to be pleased w/ qadr
-to ask such puts a burden on us more than we can bear

Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people." (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

-a Muslimah has 2 sons (1 obeys her and one who doesn't)
-the one who obeys her was killed in an accident
-do we expect her to be pleased w/ that ?

And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss. (Al-Hajj 22:11)

WE MUST BE PATIENT WITH QADR SO WE DO NOT APOSTATE FROM THE DEEN

WE DO NOT HAVE TO BE PLEASED WITH QADR

-if your legs are lost in an accident,
-or you lose a child or calamity, we're not asked to be PLEASED w/ it
-but we're to be patient w/ it

Our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.(2:286)

THE 4 PILLARS OF QADR
1. ILM
2. KITAABA
3. MASHEE'A
4. KHALQ

WE HAVE A FREE WILL TO CHOOSE BETWEEN ISLAM AND KUFR

IF YOU CHOOSE ISLAM, WE'RE REWARDED W/ PARADISE, insh'allah
IF YOU'RE LIKE ABU LAHAB, YOU'RE NOT REWARDED W/ PARADISE