Saturday, February 18, 2012

-16-Mostalah (Hadeeth) Class by Abu Abdullah

Mostalah (Hadeeth) Class by Abu Abdullah


-last class i gave a hadith as an example
-which is ‘the best of you are those that learn Qur'an and teach others’
-and we looked at it in all angels
-and how to do takhreej on it
-we found it in the 2 sahih and in Abu Dawood also

Uthmaan (RA), said that the Prophet (SAW) said: The best of you are the ones who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others” [Al-Bukhari]

We looked at who is a sahabah
-e.g. i know that the lecturer is Shaikh Faisal
-but who among the students told you?
-the same is the case with hadith
-if you are told a hadith you need to know who told you
-it happens that the sahabi here is AT3 for example
-it has to be somebody who is present during the time

If the rasul said something or saw it been done but did not say anything about it
-if a sahabi said during the time of rasul we used to do so and so
-and he never reprimanded us
-this is also hadith
-as long as he mentions that the prophet did not disagree

And on the other hand if someone did something and then the rasul (saw)
-told him not do it this way
-this also becomes hadith in itself
-like when the rasul told Umar bin Abi Salama not to eat with the left hand
-but we don’t even have proof that he was eating with his left hand
-and the prophet was telling him to eat from his side not from the share of another person

Narrated By 'Umar bin Abi Salama: I was a boy under the care of Allah's Apostle and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So Allah's Apostle said to me, 'O boy! Mention the Name of Allah and eat with your right hand, and eat of the dish what is nearer to you." Since then I have applied those instructions when eating. [Bukhari #5061 & Muslim #2022]

Today we will talk about topics i have been asked in the past
-regarding the hadith above,
-some ulama say it means you should eat with your right hand
-but some ulama say if your right hand is weak or disabled
-then there is nothing you can do about it
-but you should do your best to eat with your right hand even if it is weak
-as a sign of obedience to the prophet (saw)
-however if you are left handed and your right hand is useless then you have ijaza

This hadith is in 2 sahih and i would like you to look at it
-it is muttafaqun Alai


-it means agreed upon- highest degree of sahhah
-by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim

We said before that these 2 imams lived at the same time
-Imam Muslim was a student of Imam Bukhari
-the same materials were available to both of them
-and also to the other people
-then they started to cut the material to form suits and dresses according to their taste

Bukhari e.g. accepted to put hadith of rasul or of the sahabah
-whereas those of the sunans say they don’t want any sahabah's opinion
-they will only take from rasul (saw)
-so they took from the material what fitted their purpose
-there are hadith of even lower than sahabah like Mujaahid in Bukhari

For example you get a volume, which is called book in Arabic
-Bukhari is a book as a whole but with volumes inside
-he did his hadith according to certain structure
-he made a skeleton and then started putting hadith when he knows about it
-if he gets a hadith on one Ghazu he puts in a volume of battles
-if he gets a hadith about zakah he puts in the volume of zakah
-if he finds one that is not up to standard he leaves it

Imam Muslim however did not put it the same way
-he put his hadith without calling it anything
-he just put them one after the other
-but they are classified

There has been a debate on how he classified his book
-why he put one hadith first and then the other
-the answer is very difficult
-we will do something called istiqra
-meaning to read the whole sequence in order

He did not name them but it was done by Imam Nawawi
-he named the chapters
-and they did not meet by the way
-the latter came years after Imam Muslim

The ulama have been trying to think why Muslim put one hadith first and then the other
-an Imam wrote about this
-he said Imam Muslim used to prefer to put the strongest hadith first
-and then the lesser one next

Al-Bara' bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said about the Ansar: "Only a believer loves them, and only a hypocrite hates them. Allah loves him who loves them and Allah hates him who hates them [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

In sahih Muslim this hadith is on top of the pile
-and the hadith of Ali is in the same chapter but below it
-it is proven that the hadith of Al Bara is more sahih than that of Ali
-we learn that there are hadith that don’t make any difference
-like the hadith on Ali

We all love Ali ibn Abi Talib
-and even though the sanad is not strong he puts it in this chapter
-most people who read sahih Muslim read it in the year 300 and later
-and they never met Ali so why will they hate him

However you have to believe and prefer certain people over others
-Allah preferred the sahabah over us
-there is nothing wrong with saying only Mu'mins love Ali
-but the Imam wanted to show something, that is why he put it at the end
-does it mean that any person that loves Ali is a Mu'min?

A Jew might have loved Ali because of his personality
-but that does not make him a Muslim
-i know people who love the rasul (saw) because of his deeds not as a prophet
-but that does not make them Muslims

So you want to base your aqeeda on loving Ali?
-this is wrong!!
-if you want to say we should love him that’s fine
-but to say jannah depends on loving Ali then you are wrong
-so that is why Muslim put the hadith at the end of his sahih
-it is not a hujjah for us on its own

There are people that hated Ali in Yemen
-when he was assigned to go and collect jizya from Yemen
-he was with Khalid and Buraida (ra)

Buraida told the rasul that Ali took a woman from the jizya for himself
-you take women as servants in your home when they are captives
-but who takes who is the question
-there are ahkam on it and you should ask Shaikh Faisal
-she can be a servant or a wife
-to prevent her from going astray with her desires

Narrated By Buraida: The Prophet sent 'Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus (of the booty) and I hated Ali, and 'Ali had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a slave-girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalid, "Don't you see this (i.e. Ali)?" When we reached the Prophet I mentioned that to him. He said, "O Buraida! Do you hate Ali?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Do you hate him, for he deserves more than that from the Khumlus." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #637]

So in this case Ali took one woman from the Jizya and Khalid and Buraida did not like it
-the rasul asked Buraida ‘do you abhor Ali?’
-he did not lie and said yes
-the rasul said to him ‘don’t abhor him’
-but the rasul (saw) did not stop there
-he said to him don’t abhor him because he gets khoms

Khoms translates into a fifth of everything gained
-so if there is a war and Muslims get booty
-it was divided into 5 parts
-a 5th goes to the prophet's home
-and since Ali married part of that home
-then he gets a khoms of that booty

So the rasul did not just give the order but a reason not to
-that Ali gets the khoms more than the woman
-but the prophet did not tell Buraida that he was a munafiq
-or he will go to hell for hating Ali
-the reason being, Ali will get the woman anyway
-but the hadith is rumored in sahih Muslim
-we will look at this chain in another lecture
-and who said it

-it is called muttafaqun Alai (agreed upon)

-in Bukhari and not in Muslim


-it is in Muslim and not in Bukhari

-found in Muslim and not in Bukhari in:
i. beginning of chapter
ii. near the end of chapter

-any hadith in both books you will never find it in the end

An example of a hadith that goes in the 4th degree is the hadith of Aisha
-the prophet went out one afternoon wearing a black braided camel-hair cloak

'Aisha reported that Allah's Apostle (SAW) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan b. 'Ali. He wrapped him under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any un-cleanliness from you, O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying). [Sahih Muslim, Book 31, Hadith #5955]

-the rasul used to wear black
-some men will tell you don’t wear this color because it is not manly
-and there are some colors nowadays that are stupid

Allah called the yellow color safraa, pleasing to the eye
-if Allah said so then it is so
-if the people don’t like it then it is their problem
-Allah said the eye should be pleased with the color
-if you don’t want to wear it no problem
-but you should not call it names

They said, "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us its colour." He said, "He says, 'It is a yellow cow, bright in its colour, pleasing to the beholders.' "(Al-Baqarah 2:69)

The rasul (saw) was wearing black in this hadith
-so you can wear black
-you can also wear braided camel hair in black
-whether the people don’t like it nowadays no problem
-but don’t be against it

You cannot change Qur'an based on hadith like the one above
-this hadith is near the end of the chapter
-so you can’t change Qur'an with this type of hadith
-if you want to say they are from ahlul bayt no problem
-we see from this hadith that the prophet prayed to Allah
-to add Ali and Fatima to the house
-but you can’t say the prophet’s wives are not part of it
-just because of this hadith, then we have a huge problem

-there is a man called Mus’ab ibn Abi Shaiba
-it’s Aisha>>>Safiyya bint Abi Shaybah>>>>Mus’ab ibn Abi Shaiba
-the latter is daeef
-and he has a problem that Imam Ahmad said openly
-he said one of the things that make him daeef is hadith Kisa

So Imam Ahmad is telling you why he thinks this man is weak
-so even if we take the hadith, we take it for other reasons
-we have no problem with Fatimah and Ali being ahlul bayt
-but you can’t bring Imam Number 12 and remove the wives of the rasul
-they were mentioned in the Qur’an not Ali and Fatimah

O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. (Al-Ahzab 33:32)

The best you can learn from this hadith is that the prophet wore black
-or that he wanted to include Ali and Fatimah as part of the house
-Imam Muslim put this hadith in the end of the chapter
-and it is mentioned in many places
-in one book it is under the prophet’s clothes

The Shia have manufactured hadith in 100s
-about this particular incident
-and they are all lies
-not one of the chains is correct
-they even added that Jibril wanted to be part of ahlul bayt
-but the rasul said NO only Ali and Fatimah are part of it

We have 7 other books other than the 2 sahih
-as part of the 9 books
-if the hadith is in those books then no problem
-start with the degree of sahhah
-then go to the other 7 books
-then books outside the 9
-e.g. Mustadraq al Hakeem, Musnad Shafi’i etc.
-but their degree of authenticity is lower

What does it mean it is lesser in authenticity?
-it means you cannot build aqeeda on it
-e.g. we believe Allah is Most High
-but if we have a book that says Allah is everywhere
-and this stupid statement is not in any of the 9 books
-then we don’t make aqeeda on it even if it is sahih

You cannot make takfeer on a man because he denies a thing in those books
-e.g. the issue of Mahdi
-will there be a Mahdi? Insha Allah there will be
-is he Mahdi muntadhar? NO
-nobody said wait for the Mahdi
-nobody is asking Muslims not to eat or defend their lands until Mahdi comes

All we have is that the rasul told us he will come near the end of time
-and he will come from the lineage of Fatimah
-and Allah will give him hidaya to fill the earth with justice
-but believing in Mahdi is not a condition of Islam

There was a brother who made ijtihad and said the Mahdi was around
-and he was in Saudi Arabia and thought people should give bay’a to the Mahdi
-he was called Juhaiman and was a big scholar
-there is nothing wrong with the right person making ijtihad
-but the scholars should convince him he is wrong

An alim can make ijtihad
-from what is available in documents
-and based on his opinion he can act
-e.g. there was the issue of Misyar
-this is better than the woman staying unmarried
-but it can be abused depending on the person perpetuating it
-so ulama can make ijtihad but if they make mistakes
-they should be told they are wrong

So not believing in Mahdi does not make you a kaafir
-there will be a Mahdi insha Allah but he is not muntadhar
-because any person can come up and say I am Mahdi
-with the same name and features and ask for bay’a
-do you give him? No you don’t
-because I have not seen the qualities of Mahdi in you

I will never accept there is a Mahdi living for 1200 years
-does that make him Mahdi like the Shites believe
-no it makes him the devil I think
-not even prophet Nuh lived that long
-so I am not required to do anything until Allah gives me signs of him
-that this is the Mahdi the rasul (saw) told us about
-and then I will give him my bay’a