Friday, March 9, 2012

-264- The Human Soul [REVISITED]

AR-RUH (THE HUMAN SOUL)
by Shaikh Abdullah El Faisal
02.29.2012 (Evening Dars)


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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-42 and AT-38
Edited and Formatted by AT-5 and AT-38

Bismillah…

WHAT IS THE HUMAN SOUL?

-some people claim it is the lump of flesh of the body or the blood
-Allah said

And they ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning the Rûh (the Spirit); Say: "The Rûh (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little." (Al-Isra 17:85)

-in explaining the human soul Imam Qayyim Al Jawziyaah gives the best explanation of the human soul
-it is the best comparison
-Imam Qayyim says the human soul is like the blue flame you use in a barbeque
-this is the best explanation amongst all the scholars
-so don’t go to any other scholar about the human soul
-without the flame in the fire coal the fire would be dead
-likewise if there was no soul in the body, the body would be lifeless

WHAT WAS CREATED FIRST?

-the most accurate explanation is the body was created first
-then an angel was sent with the soul
-the evidence is the hadith

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (RA), who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, "Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or unhappy (i.e., whether or not he will enter Paradise). By the One, other than Whom there is no deity, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it." It was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

-this is the evidence for Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamma’ah
-the angel was sent to blow the ruh into the body
-the Hanbali use this evidence to allow abortion because the ruh is blown into the body after 40 days
-they say it’s allowed at this stage because there is no soul before then
-but the issue of abortion, other Madhabs say it is not allowed
-but the Hanbalis say it is

THE HUMAN SOUL IS NOT ETERNAL
-this is the view of Plato the philosopher
-Allah says:

Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned? (Al-Insan 76:1)

-therefore the human soul is created by Allah
-the word IHSAN = body and soul
Also Allah says:

Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things. (Az-Zumar 39:62)

-only Allah (SWT) was not created, Allah has no beginning and no ending
-Allah created 4 things with his hands

1. the Arsh (Throne)
2. the Qalam (Pen)
3. Adam
4. Paradise

-everything else Allah said be and it is

It was authentically reported that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said: “Allaah created four things with His Hand; 1. The Throne 2. The Pen 3. Aadam and 4. The paradise of ‘Adn. He then said to the rest of the creation ‘Kun’ [Be] and it was.” Adh Dhahabi stated in ‘Al ‘Uluw’: ‘It’s chain is good.’ Al Albaani stated in ‘Mukhtasar al ‘Uluw’ P.105: ‘The chain is authentic according to the conditions of Muslim.’

THERE ARE FIVE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THE BODY AND THE SOUL

-if knowledge is not classified then you will be deviant
-to guide you on the right path, even the haraam is classified also Sunnah is classified in different parts
-this is called Usoolul Fiqh, haraam can be major and minor

1. WHEN YOU ARE IN YOUR MOTHERS WOMB

-your mum had to eat and drink for you, this is the very first connection
-some children are addicted to drugs because there mother took drugs
-also some kids have diabetes because the dietary of their mother was not healthy

The Rise of Childhood Type 1 Diabetes in the 20th Century:
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/51/12/3353.full

-when Sheikh was growing up as a child he did not see these things
-he grew up in the countryside, this is abnormal for a 5 year old to be taking shots

-the baby can hear the holy Quran
-if you listen to music the baby can hear also through the umbilical cord
-you should marry righteous women and impregnate them
-you should only marry a man if you would like him to turn up like his father likewise for the mother

2. WHEN THE UMBILICAL CORD IS CUT

-you do not depend on your mother for air and food
-you no longer have to depend on mother to breath oxygen

3. WHEN YOU ARE SLEEPING

“True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.” [al-Bukhaari (6472) and Muslim (4201)]

-if you do wudhu before sleeping and do the 3 quls you will get good dreams
-if you do not recite the duas your souls will mix up with
-the jinns and you will get nightmares sometimes you come to sheikh with dreams
-but these do not need interpretations because they are from Shaytan
-the Shaytan does this to scare you
-while you are sleeping your soul leaves the body and roams the places
-leave villages and town, it can also meet different people
-sometimes you see people and landscapes and you are sure that you have seen them before
-but you have never been in these places, this is because the soul left the body to visit these places
-this is deja vu, this is a physiological term
-maybe 5 years later you may meet this person and say "I swear I have seen you before"
-or maybe you say this when you go to a place this is deja vu
-sleeping is classified by Allah as the twin sister of death

It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do. (Al-An'am 6:60)

-sometimes you wake up after sleep because Allah gives you back your soul
-some of you are not that fortunate and Allah does not return your soul

-some people sleep on their stomach
-the kufaar has to come to Islam
-because some of them make their babies sleep like that in the baby’s crib

-you should put the babies in the crib on their backs this prevents cot death
-but when you make them sleep on their stomachs they can die

Cot death and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS):
http://www.bupa.co.uk/individuals/health-information/directory/c/sids

-the kuffaar have to do circumcision
-this helps minimize the chances of you contracting the AIDs virus
-the Christians in Botswana

-the Christians listened to Paul and they are not circumcised
-Paul is a Jew and he was circumcised and his telling the Christians not to have it done
-see how evil the Jews are?

4. THE BARZAKH (THE GRAVE)

-there is life in the grave, Munkar wa Nakeer will ask you questions in Barzakh

...“When a individual is placed in his grave and his companions return and he even hears their footsteps, two angels come to him, make him sit and ask: “What did you use to say regarding this man (i.e. Muhammad, SAW)? The believer will say: “I bear testimony that he is the servant and Messenger of Allah” It will be said to him: “Look at your place in the fire of Hell, Allah has changed instead of it a place for you in Paradise” So he will see both of his places...(Sahih al-Bukhari, no.1308 & Sahih Muslim, no. 2870)

-do not mix up the connection between the body and soul
-else you'll be like the Sufi or Brelvi

Narrated By Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet looked at the people of the well (the well in which the bodies of the pagans killed in the Battle of Badr were thrown) and said, "Have you found true what your Lord promised you?" Somebody said to him, "You are addressing dead people." He replied, "You do not hear better than they but they cannot reply." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #452]

-this man can hear the footsteps of all the people who attended the Janazah
-so don’t say the life in Barzakh is the same as the Dunya, else you'll worship the inhabitants of the grave

-you need to classify knowledge else you'll be a Khawaarij
-everything in Islam is major and minor
-even in discharges, there are major and minor
-and one needs ghusl whiles the other needs wudhu

Umm Salamah (RA) said that Umm Sulaym bint Milhan (RA) came to the 'Prophet (SAW) and said, "Messenger of Allah! Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Is it wajib for a woman to have a bath if she has sexual dream as a man does?" He said, "Yes, when she sees signs of mani (discharge), she must have a bath." Umm Salamah (RA) said that she remarked, "O 'Umm Sulaym! You have disgraced women." [Tirmidhi 122, Ahmed 26675, Bukhari 282, Ibn e Majah 600, Muslim 313, Abu Dawud 237, Nisai 197]

-like wise kufr and shirk, there are major and minor

Ali narrated : We did not cease to doubt punishment in the grave till the surah was revealed: Your rivalry in the accumulation of wealth diverts your minds. (102:1 etc.) [Tirmidhi 3366]

-so failing to classify knowledge makes you a headless chicken and this will make you a deviant

-they say why you ‘Wahabi’ who take the Quran literally
-these Goofy Soofis take the Quran literally, they use 3:169 to say the rasul (SAW) is alive in the grave
-and can pray to him, what a hypocrites! when it suits him, he takes it literally, else they do not

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. (Aali Imran 3:169)

And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Qaf 50:16)

- they use 50:16 to say Allah is everywhere
- not in person but in knowledge, that is Tafseer of the ayah

-the connection of the body and soul is fitna to Ummah
-because people are out there worshipping the grave
-saying ‘YA ALI MADADD’ (O Ali Help)

Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Auliya' (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say): "We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah." Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever. (Az-Zumar 39:3)

-Allah (SWT) made Takfir on the grave worshippers so don’t think Allah doesn’t make takfir
-He made takfir on many occasions in the Quran
-e.g. in 9:66

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allah, and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?" (At-Tawbah 9:65)

Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimûn (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.). (At-Tawbah 9:66)

- and Allah was harsh in His takfir, some of you don’t like making takfir, it is like a taboo to you
- Allah made another takfir in 5:73

Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is no ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God-Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them. (Al-Ma'idah 5:73)

SHAIKH IN AFRICA
- Shaikh meet people who don’t make takfir
- at those who say there are three gods (Christians)

Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikûn will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Al-Baiyinah 98:6)

- Shaikh met Tijaani women married to Christians saying they are Ahlul Kitaab and not kaafirs

O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong¬doers and unjust). (Al-Ma'idah 5:51)

the tafseer of this ayah
-if a Muslim has a kaafir friend, he is not a kaafir

-the Muslims in Syria are not doing anything haram when they take weapons from the Jews
-because you can take help from Jews, you can take weapons from one kaafir to kill another

Syrian Rebels Captured With Israeli Weapons:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgznlLHb-44


-how can we have Alawites ruling over Sunnis?
-it took the Sunnis 50 years to get rid of the Alawites

Syrian soldiers force man to say "No god but Bashar Al Assad":
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aT0Fzx8LiGQ&t=50s


-the Mujahideen in Syria are not doing anything wrong by taking weapon from the Jews

ARMY OF BASHAR KILLED A MUSLIM FAMILY MERCILESSLY:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I3mwrF6_zxg&skipcontrinter=1


-you can take weapons from kuffaar to kill kuffaar
-even the Prophet (SAW) done it in the battle of Uhud
-he took a shield from a kaafir to go to the battle
-so you are allowed to take the weapons from the kuffaar

5. WHEN YOU ARE IN PARADISE


-this is the most perfect connection
-Allah talks about this in Surah Fajr

(It will be said to the pious): "O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! (Al-Fajr 89:27)

"Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! (Al-Fajr 89:28)

"Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, (Al-Fajr 89:29)

"And enter you My Paradise!" (Al-Fajr 89:30)

-when you are told to enter paradise this is the most perfect connection between the body and soul
-in the Dunya your hair turns grey, you have illnesses, your organs start to pack up on you
-but in paradise your organs are on track
-the Prophet (SAW) said to an old lady that there will be no old people in paradise
-the old lady flung her head down and walked off

Hasan Basri (RA) says that an old woman came to Rasoolullah (SAW) and made a request, O’ Messenger of Allah make Dua that Allah grants me entrance into Jannah. Rasoolullah (SAW) replied, O’ Mother, an old woman cannot enter Jannah. That woman started crying and began to leave. Rasoolullah (SAW) said, Say to the woman that one will not enter in a state of old age, but Allah will make all the women of Jannah young virgins. Allah Ta’aala says, Lo! We have created them a (new) creation and made them virgins, lovers, equal in age. (Surah Waaqi’ah, 35-37). [Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Ch35, Hadith #230]

-and the Prophet (SAW) called and told her
-these women of paradise will be forever young of the age of 33
-that women would be young in Jannah
-in paradise, men will not have beards, they will get younger and younger by the day
-the fruits of paradise will taste different everyday even though they are the same fruits

Do not think that Dunya and paradise are same?
-in dunya you feel suffering and pain, you get so disappointed in Dunya, some people commit suicide
Allah says:

Verily, We have created man in toil. (Al-Balad 90:4)

-life is not hunky dory, some men cannot cope with struggles of Dunya
-so the connection between Dunya and Akhira is rigid
-prisoners are on drugs because they have lost all their families
-so to get rid of their pain they take drugs to numb them

Allah says in a hadith Qudsi,
-he has prepared things which eyes have not seen

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), who said that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "When Allah created Paradise and Hell-fire, He sent Gabriel to Paradise, saying: 'Look at it and at what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants.'" The Prophet (SAW) said: "So he came to it and looked at it and at what Allah had prepared therein for its inhabitants." The Prophet (SAW) said: "So he returned to Him and said: 'By your glory, no one hears of it without entering it.' So He ordered that it be encompassed by forms of hardship, and He said: 'Return to it and look at what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants.'" The Prophet (SAW) said: "So he returned to it and found that it was encompassed by forms of hardship (1). Then he returned to Him and said: 'By Your glory, I fear that no one will enter it.' He said: 'Go to Hell-fire and look at it and what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants;' and he found that it was in layers, one above the other. Then he returned to Him and said: 'By Your glory, no one who hears of it will enter it.' So He ordered that it be encompassed by lusts. Then He said: 'Return to it.'And he returned to it and said: 'By Your glory, I am frightened that no one will escape from entering it.' (1) The Arabic word used here is "makarih", the literal meaning of which is "things that are disliked." In this context it refers to forms of religious discipline that man usually finds onerous. [At-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a good and sound Hadith (also by Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i)]


THE HUMAN SOUL CONTINUED
by Shaikh Abdullah El Faisal
03.01.2012 (Evening Dars)
NOTES typed LIVE by AT-42 and AT-38
Edited and Formatted by AT-5 and AT-38

Bismillah…

-whenever you do not understand the connection
-between the human body and soul you become a deviant
-for example the Shi’ites
-they think the life of the Barzakh and the life of the Dunya is the same thing
-the ayah the Shaytan uses to lead them astray is

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. (Aali Imran 3:169)

-he gave them the wrong interpretation of the ayah
-whenever a person has the wrong interpretation of an ayah
-it is not called tafseer, IT IS CALLED A SPIN

-tafseer is when a person gives the right interpretation on the ayah
-but if it is not the right interpretation then it is called a spin
-this is how the Shaytan misleads the Shi’ites and the Brelvis and these grave worshippers

Narrated By Anas: Whenever drought threatened them, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain." And so it would rain. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 17, Hadith #123]

-the incident when Umar used Abbas to ask for rain whilst there was a drought
-this is to checkmate the grave worshippers
-because Umar didn’t go to the grave of the Prophet (SAW)
-but he, Umar went to the Prophet’s uncle house and asked his uncle to make dua to Allah
-so this hadith is to checkmate the grave worshippers

THE SOULS JOURNEY AFTER DEATH

Upon the authority of al-Bara' ibn `Aazib who said: We went out with the the Prophet (SAW) to a burial of a man from the Ansar (original inhabitants of Madina) until we arrived at the grave, and he still had not been placed in the slot of the grave. Then the Messenger of Allah (SAW) sat down and we sat around him. You would have thought that birds were upon our heads from our silence, and in the hand of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was a stick which he was poking the ground with. [Then he started looking at the sky and looking at the earth and looking up down three times]. Then he said to us: "Ask Allah for refuge from the torment of the grave", he repeated this command two or three times. [Then he said O Allah I seek refuge in you from the torment of the grave] three times]…

TWO TYPES OF SAHABAS
-The Ansars and The Muhajireen
-the Ansars were the helpers and the Muhajireen were the emigrants
-the Sahabi is saying in this hadith that they had
-so much respect for the prophet (SAW)

-the prophet (SAW) repeated 3 times "O ALLAH I SEEK REFUGE IN YOU FROM THE GRAVE"
-he elaborated on this, when the soul leaves this world the angels come down to this person
-and then says to the soul "O you soul come out to the pleasure of Allah"
-then the soul comes out in ease
-this is what is meant in the surah 79:1-2

By those (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) with great violence; (An-Nazi'at 79:1)

By those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers); (An-Nazi'at 79:2)

-Allah swears by 2 types of angels in the Quran
1) the one who takes out the soul by ease
2) and the one who takes it out harshly

-why does Allah use the word 'angels', because there is only one angel of death?
-we answer this by Aqeedah ASWJ
-one angel takes out the soul from the body (the angel of death)
-then he passes the soul onto other angels
-and they wrap up the soul in nice smelling cloth, if he is a believer
-or if he is not a believer then his soul is wrapped by foul smelling cloth

There was one story of Musa (AS) punching the angel of death
-when a person is a Mu’tazilite he follows his Aql rather than the text
-they prefer their Aql (intellect) over the Naql (text)

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The angel of death was sent to Moses and when he went to him, Moses slapped him severely, spoiling one of his eyes. The angel went back to his Lord, and said, "You sent me to a slave who does not want to die." Allah restored his eye and said, "Go back and tell him (i.e. Moses) to place his hand over the back of an ox, for he will be allowed to live for a number of years equal to the number of hairs coming under his hand." (So the angel came to him and told him the same). Then Moses asked, "O my Lord! What will be then?" He said, "Death will be then." He said, "(Let it be) now." He asked Allah that He bring him near the Sacred Land at a distance of a stone's throw. Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Were I there I would show you the grave of Moses by the way near the red sand hill." [al-Bukhari (1339) and Muslim (2372)]

3 REASONS WHY PROPHET MUSA PUNCHED ANGEL OF DEATH
1. FEARED DEATH
2. HE DID NOT WANT HIS GRAVE TO BE KNOWN TO EVERYONE
3. HE WANTED TO DIE ON A HOLY PIECE OF LAND

-Imam Bukhari studied all three reasons
-he didn’t accept the first and second he took the 3rd reason
-this was the opinion of Imam Bukhari
-Musa (AS) wanted to die in Jerusalem

It was narrated that ‘Umar (RA) said: “O Allah, grant me martyrdom for Your sake and make my death in the land of Your Messenger (SAW).” [Sahih Bukhari (Vol. 3, pg. 23) No. 1890]

Imam al-Nawawi (RH) he included it in a chapter entitled: Chapter on the recommendation for a person to pray that his death will be in the virtuous land. [Al-Adhkaar, p. 98]

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “If anyone can die in Madinah, let him die there for, I will intercede for one who dies there.” [Tirmidhi (5/719) No. 3917, Ibn Majah (4/292) No 3112, Musnad Ahmad (2/74) No. 5437]

Narrated from Ibn Abbas the Messenger of Allah said: 'The sign (that differentiates) between us and the hypocrites is that they do not drink their fill from Zamzam." [Sunan Ibn Majah (4/248) No. 3061, al-Bukhari in 'al-Tarikh al-Awsat' (2/176) No. 2207, Abdur Razzaq in 'al-Musannaf' (5/112) No. 9111, at-Tabarani in ‘al-Mu’jam al-Kabir’ (11/124) No. 11246, Bayhaqi in 'Sunan al-Kubra' (5/147) No. 9438]

-some places are good to die in like Mecca and Medina and on Friday

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah protects him from the trial in the grave.” [Tirmidhi 1076, Ahmed 6593]

-so that is why he punched angel of death because he was not in a holy land
-Allah gave him respite to die another day

THE SOUL OF A BELIEVER

…Then he said: "Verily, the believing servant, when leaving this life and journeying to the hereafter angels will descend upon him, their faces will be white as if they were suns, they will have with them a shroud (kafan) from the shroud of Paradise), and an embalmment (HanouT) from the embalmment's of heaven. Then, they will sit within eye-shot of him. Then the angel of death (peace be upon him) will come and sit at his head and will say "O you virtuous soul; come out to a forgiveness and a pleasure from your Lord ". So it will come out as a drop comes out of the mouth of a jug (with ease), then he will take it, not leaving it in his hand for longer that a blink of an eye until they (he and the other angels) have placed it in that shroud and that embalmment. And there will emanate from it a smell like that of the most sweet smelling musk on the face of the earth. Then they shall ascend with it, and they shall not pass with it by any group of angels but they will say: What is this good and sweet-smelling soul?. Then they shall say to them (he is) "such" the son of "such" choosing the best of the names he used to be called in this life. Until they reach the lowest sky, then they shall ask permission to enter, and they shall be granted entry, until they end at the seventh heaven sky, then Allah, exalted and high, shall say: "write the book of my servant in `illiyeen (1) [And what will explain to you what Illiyeen is `illiyeen, there is a register fully inscribed to which bear witness those nearest to Allah (see 83:18)], and his book will be written in `illiyeen, and the shall be said "return him to the earth, for [I promised them] I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall extract (resurrect) them a second time (20:55)"…

-the soul of a believer is wrapped up in sweet smelling garment, the angels ascend to the heavens
-every time they go pass the heavens, the angels rush and say who is this soul
-the angels then describe the soul by the good names he was called in the dunya
-then when Allah sees this soul,
-He say return this soul to his body, he can hear the footstep of the people
-going to his Janazah, when the angels of the grave ask him question he will pass

Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allah Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause to go astray those who are Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), and Allah does what He wills. (Ibrahim 14:27)

Tafseer for ayah 14
-If the person is a believer Allah will bless him with firmness
-and he will be able to answer the 3 questions of the grave

Bara (RA) reported from the Prophet (SAW) about this verse: "Allah keeps the believers firm with the stable word in the worldly life and in the Hereafter." (14:27) He explained that this has reference to the grave when it is asked, “Who is your Lord? What is your religion and who was your Prophet?” [Bukhari 1369, Muslim 2871, Abu Dawud 4750, Tirmidhi 3131, Nisai 2056, Ibn e Majah 4269]

WHEN THE BELIEVER IS IN THE GRAVE

…So [he is returned to earth and] his soul is returned to his body [he said and he will hear the footsteps of his friends who buried him when they leave him]. Then two [severe] angels shall come and [terrify him and] sit him up next to them and shall ask him: "Who is your Lord?". He shall reply "My Lord is Allah". Then they shall ask him: "What is your religion?". He shall answer them: "My religion is Islam". Then they shall ask him "Who is this man who was sent among you?". He will reply "He is the Messenger of Allah (SAW) peace be upon him". Then they shall ask him "What have you done?". He shall reply: "I read the book of Allah, then I believed in it and accepted it". [The angel will terrify him and ask him "who is your Lord?", "what is your religion?" "who is your prophet?", and this will be the last trial on earth for the believer, it is then when Allah says : "Allah will establish in strength those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world", so he will answer my Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Mohammad (SAW). Then a caller will call from the sky: "My slave has spoken the truth, so spread out for him from the heaven, and clothe him from the heaven, and open a door for him from the heaven (within his grave)", so it's goodness and its smell will come unto him, then his grave will be expanded for him as far as he can see. Then a man will come to him. His face will be handsome, and his clothes will be handsome, and his smell will be sweet. Then he shall say unto him: I bring you glade tidings of that which will make you happy [Rejoice with a pleasure of Allah and delights that endure]. This is the day that you were promised (46:16). Then he will say [and may Allah give you glad tiding] "who are you?, for your face is the face of someone who comes with good news". He shall reply: "I am your good deeds, [by Allah, I did not know of you but that you were quick to the obedience of Allah and slow to His disobedience, so may Allah reward you good]". Then he shall say: "My Lord bring the hour so that I might return to my family and my wealth" [it will be said to him "be tranquil"]…

-a young man comes to him in the grave with a sweet smell
-and he the young man will say rejoice of what your Lord had promised you

THE SOUL OF THE DISBELIEVER

…He (Mohammed, SAW) said: ( And the disbelieving [transgressor/wicked] servant), if he is leaving this life and journeying to the hereafter then angels will descend upon him, their faces will be black, they have with them a coarse woollen fabric (sackcloth)[ made of fire]. Then they will sit within eye-shot of him. Then the angel of death will come and sit at his head and will say "O you wicked soul; come out to a anger from your Lord and a fury (from Him)". So it will be distributed (spread out) throughout his body, then it will be ripped away as a skewer/spit is ripped out of damp cotton [and in its way out it will tear and cut the nerves and blood vessels] [and then he will be cursed by all the angels between the earth and the sky and by all the angels in the sky, and the gates of heaven are closed. There is no gate in the heaven but its people supplicate that the wicked soul shall not be ascended to their side], then he will take it (the soul), not leaving it in his hand for longer than a blink of an eye until they have placed it in that sackcloth. And there will emanate from it a stench like that of the most evil smelling corpse on the face of the earth. Then they shall ascend with it, and they shall not pass with it by a group of angels but they will say: What is this wicked soul?. Then they shall say to them (he is) "such" the son of "such" choosing the most hated of the names he used to be called in this life. Until they reach the lowest heaven (sky), then they shall ask permission to enter, and they shall not be granted entry. Then the Messenger of Allah (SAW) recited "The doors of the sky are not opened to them, nor shall they enter heaven until the camel passes through the eye of the needle" (7:40). Then Allah, exalted and high, shall say: "write the book of my servant in Sijjeen (2)(83:7) in the lowest earth". [Then will be said "return my slave to the earth, for I promised them I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall extract (resurrect) them a second time (20:55)"]. Then his soul shall be taken away [from the sky] with a mighty hurl [until it is cast into his body]. Then he (the Prophet, SAW) read: "and those who associate partners with Allah, They are as one who falls from the sky then is snatched by the birds or is cast by the wind into a very low place (22:31)"…

-the Prophet (SAW) said when a disbeliever leaves this world and enters the next
-angels with dark clothing, will say "O YOU WRETCHED SOUL COME OUT TO THE WRATH OF ALLAH"
-the soul will not want to come out, so the angel of death pulls out the soul
-the angels then wrap this soul up with a foul smelling cloth
-when the angels go past a host of angels, they say "Who is this foul smelling soul?"
-they the angels go to the lowest of heavens and say open

Verily, those who belie Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle (which is impossible). Thus do We recompense the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.). (Al-A'raf 7:40)

-but Allah says in Surah 7:40 that the doors of the heavens will not be opened for this person
-the rasool (saw) read this ayah when he was explaining about the sinful soul
-then Allah says place this soul in the 'sijeen', this is where the soul of the kaafir is kept
-paradise is above this because sijeen is a place in hell
-then it will be said return this soul back to where I created it
-then the soul will be thrown back to earth were his body is
-then he can hear the footsteps of the people of his janazah

-therefore the dead person can hear, but he cannot answer you
-when the prophet (SAW) stood over the dead of battle of badr, he called them by the names
-he said , utba,abu jahal, did you find the promise of your Lord true?
-and then Umar said they cannot hear you, he saw said they can hear me but cannot answer me

Narrated By Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet looked at the people of the well (the well in which the bodies of the pagans killed in the Battle of Badr were thrown) and said, "Have you found true what your Lord promised you?" Somebody said to him, "You are addressing dead people." He replied, "You do not hear better than they but they cannot reply." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #452]

WHEN THE DISBELIEVER IS IN THE GRAVE

…Then his soul will be returned into his body, [he (the prophet) said : verily he will hear the footsteps of his friends who buried him when they leave him]. Then two harsh severe and fearsome angels shall come and [terrify him and] sit him up and shall ask him: "Who is your Lord?". He shall reply "Huh?, Huh (this is an expression of sorrow), I don't know". Then they shall ask him: "What is your religion?". He shall answer them: "Huh?, Huh?, I don't know". Then they shall ask him "Who is this man who was sent among you?". He will reply "Huh?, Huh?, I don't know [I heard people saying that!]". He (the Prophet, SAW) said "And then will be said to him don't ever know and don't ever recite!"]. Then a caller will call from the sky: "My slave has spoken falsely, so spread out for him from the hell fire, and open a door for him from the hell fire (within his grave)", so its heat and hot wind will come unto him, then his grave will be contracted upon him until his limbs are caught up among one another. Then a man will come to him. His face will be ugly, and his clothes will be ugly, and his smell will be vile. Then he shall say unto him: I bring you tidings of that which will harm you. This is the day that you were promised (70:44). Then he will say [and you, may Allah give you bad tiding] "who are you?, for your face is the face of someone who comes with evil". He shall reply: "I am your evil deeds [by Allah, I did not know of you but that you were quick to the disobedience of Allah and slow to His obedience, so may Allah reward you bad, and then will be assigned to him a blind, deaf and mute person who holds in his hand a hammer, if a mountain is hit with it, it would disintegrate, and he will beat him with it until he becomes dust, and then Allah will render him to his initial form, and he will beat him again, and he (the wicked) will cry of sorrow and pain a cry that will be heard by all creatures except humans and jinn, and a door of hell will be opened unto him within his grave and will spread out for him sheets of hell fire]". Then he shall say: "My Lord do not bring the hour". [This hadith is narrated by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, at-Tayalisi, and al-Hakim who said it is according to the standards of Bukhari and Muslim. This text is the text of Ahmad, all text between brackets is from the other narrators and other narrations of Ahmad]

Munkar and Nakeer question them
-they cannot answer, and say huh, huh, huh?
-they say we said what the people say, then the grave will squeeze them
-and then will appear a man with foul smelling clothing and a dark face
-the dead will be say who are you? the man would say, I am your bad deeds
-if one gets the answer of the grave wrong, the angels will hit him on his head with a hammer
-everyone can hear the dead screaming except man and jinn

Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give peace) said: “If (I had not feared) that you would stop burying your deceased, I would have asked Allah to make you hear the punishment in the grave” (Sahih Muslim #6860)

-when the decease sees his final destiny
-he will say O Lord delay the hour

THE NAFS AND RUH

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NAFS AND RUH

NAFS
Nafs=Blood/evil eye
Nafs also means yourself
Nafs means the same thing

But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allah (i.e. say: As-Salamu 'Alaikum-peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (these Verses or your religious symbols and signs, etc.) to you that you may understand. (An-Nur 24:61)

-it also can mean a man’s evil and corrupted desires

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires, and lusts. (An-Nazi'at 79:40)

-like for example when a man drinks Alcohol we say his evil nafs got the better of him

RUH
-ruh has many meanings
-it DOES NOT REFER to the soul when it’s in the body
-the Quran means Ruh because it gives you life
-it also means the Holy Spirit (Gabriel)
-the kufaar believe in the Holy Spirit also but different to us
-Allah mentions this in Surah Qadr the angels descend that night, as well as the holy spirit

Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) (Al-Qadr 97:1)

And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? (Al-Qadr 97:2)

The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). (Al-Qadr 97:3)

Therein descend the angels and the Rûh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] by Allah's Permission with all Decrees, (Al-Qadr 97:4)

Peace! (All that night, there is Peace and Goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn. (Al-Qadr 97:5)

-there is no other holy spirit except Gabriel, the Christian concept of the Holy Spirit is wrong

-Ruh also means eman and it also means strength

For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Rûh (proofs, light and true guidance) from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allah is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Verily, it is the Party of Allah that will be the successful. (Al-Mujadilah 58:22)

Everyone shall taste death… (Aali Imran 3:185)

Umm Salamah reported: "Allâh’s Messenger entered upon Abû Salamah [i.e. his corpse], whose eyes were wide open. The Prophet closed the lids and then said, ‘When the rûh [spirit] is taken out, the eyesight follows it [i.e., watches it ascend]. Authentically related by Ahmad and Muslim

And the stupor of death will come in truth: "This is what you have been avoiding!" (Qaf 50:19)

Death comes with its own agony and when the rasul (SAW) was dying he used to dip his face in water

Whenever a man is dying Shaytan comes to him and calls him beloved son
-so it is advised to have pious people in the room of a dying person
-because Abu Jahl told Abu Talib not to recite the Shahadah
-and so he died a kaafir

It is reported by Sa'id b. Musayyib who narrated it on the authority of his father (Musayyib b. Hazm) that when Abu Talib was about to die, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) came to him and found with him Abu Jahl ('Amr b. Hisham) and 'Abdullah b. Abi Umayya Ibn al-Mughirah. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: My uncle, you just make a profession that there is no god but Allah, and I will bear testimony before Allah (of your being a believer), Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah b. Abi Umayya addressing him said: Abu Talib, would you abandon the religion of 'Abdul-Muttalib? The Messenger of Allah (SAW) constantly requested him (to accept his offer),and(on the other hand) was repeated the same statement (of Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah b. Abi Umayya) till Abu Talib gave his final decision and be stuck to the religion of 'Abdul-Muttalib and refused to profess that there is no god but Allah. Upon this the Messenger of Allah remarked: By Allah, I will persistently beg pardon for you till I am forbidden to do so (by God), It was then that Allah, the Magnificent and the Glorious, revealed this verse: "It is not meet for the Prophet and for those who believe that they should beg pardon for the polytheists, even though they were their kith and kin, after it had been made known to them that they were the denizens of Hell" (ix. 113) And it was said to the Messenger of Allah (SAW): "Verily thou canst not guide to the right path whom thou lovest. And it is Allah Who guideth whom He will, and He knoweth best who are the guided"(xxviii, 56).[Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith 0036]

-so only have righteous people in the room
-who will encourage him to recite the Shahadah

The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alayhe wasallam said, "No one meets Allah with the testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah, and he has no doubt about that statement, except that he will enter Paradise." [Muslim]

Abu Talib died saying 'on the religion of Abdul Mutta'lib and not the Shahadah

SIGNS TELLING YOU A PERSON DIED A GOOD DEATH

1. HE WAS ABLE TO RECITE SHAHADAH

2. HE DIED ON THE BATTLEFIELD

-from the 1st drop of his blood all his sins are forgiven
-he is also saved from the punishment of the grave
-he crosses the bridge of sirat with the speed of lightening
-he is given a special crown to wear
-he is married to 72 virgins in paradise
-he is able to intercede for 70 members of his family

Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “There are with Allah six blessings for the martyr. (1) He is forgiven with the first drop of blood. (2) He is shown his abode in paradise. (3) He is preserved from the torment of the grave and is safe from the great fear on the Day of Resurrection. (4) A crown of honour ingrained with pearl is placed on his head, which is better than the world and what it contains. (5) He is married to seventy-two maidens (huris) of paradise. (6) His intercession for his seventy relatives is accepted.” [Tirmidhi 1669, Ahmed 12013, Ibn e Majah 2799]


Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. (Aali Imran 3:169)

3. HE DIED ON A JOURNEY WHICH IS A SACRED JOURNEY

-this is a sign of a person dying a good death

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine persons and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and the repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you). So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment. The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitent and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near. They measured it and found him nearer to the land where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it. Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy. [Sahih Muslim, Book 37, Hadith #6662]

-if you die traveling to the battlefield it is a good death
-if you die seeking knowledge it is a good death

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: While a man was riding (his Mount) in 'Arafat, he fell down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck (and died). The Prophet said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him, nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik,' (i.e. like a pilgrim)." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #355]

4. IF HE DIES FROM A PANDEMIC

Jabir ibn 'Utaik reported that Allah's Messenger said: "There are seven kinds of martyrs besides those killed in the cause of Allah: 1. a person who is killed in an epidemic, 2. a person who is drowned, 3. a person who has bed sores that cause fever and a bad cough resulting in his death, 4. a person who dies of a stomach disease, 5. a person who dies in a fire, 6. a person who dies under falling debris (in a disaster), and 7. a woman who dies during childbirth." [Ahmad, Abu Daw'ud and Nasa'i report this hadith based on sound authority]

5. HE DIES FROM AN STOMACH ILLNESS

6. A WOMAN WHO DIES IN CHILDBIRTH

7. A PERSON DIES DROWNING IN A SEA OR RIVER

8. A PERSON DYING IN A FIRE

9. A PERSON DIES FROM A BUILDING COLLAPSING ON TOP OF HIM/HER

10. A PERSON DIES DEFENDING HIS PROPERTY

Sa’eed ibn Zayd (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “He who is killed in defence of his property is a martyr. He who is killed in self defence is a martyr. He who is killed in defence of his religion is a martyr. And, he who is killed in defence of his family is a martyr.” [Abu Dawud 4772, Nisai 4102, Ibn e Majah 2580, Ahmed 1652, Tirmidhi 1426]

11. A PERSON DIES ON A FRIDAY

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah protects him from the trial in the grave.” [Tirmidhi 1076, Ahmed 6593]

-the kufaar said they killed Anwar al Awlaki with a drone on a Friday

12. YOU DIE IN MADINA

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “If anyone can die in Madinah, let him die there for, I will intercede for one who dies there.” [Tirmidhi (5/719) No. 3943, Ibn Majah (4/292) No 3112, Musnad Ahmad (2/74) No. 5437]

13. WHEN YOU DIE SWEAT WAS ON YOUR FOREHEAD

Abdullah ibn Buraydah (RA) reported on the authority of his father that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The Believer dies with sweat on his forehead.” [Tirmidhi 984, Ahmed 23109, Nisai 1827, Ibn e Majah 1452]

14. DYING DOING AN ACT OF PIETY

3 TYPES OF SOULS

1. NAFS LAWWAMAH (THE REBUKING SOUL)

-The soul tells you to fear Allah (SWT) and make taubah
-the soul is a separate entity from the person

Narrated By 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud the Prophet (SAW) saying: "A believer sees his sins as if he were sitting under a mountain which, he is afraid, may fall on him; whereas the wicked person considers his sins as flies passing over his nose and he just drives them away like this." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 75, Hadith #320]

-a person with nafs lawwama live his life on Prozac
-a life of pain and sorrow, mental depression
-a person with a wretched soul
-see 20:124

"But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur'an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection." (Ta-Ha 20:124)

2. NAFS AMMARAH (THE SOUL PRONE TO EVIL)

DR HAROLD SHIPMAN 'DR DEATH':
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4brTowMpFs


Moors murders: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moors_murders

Rosemary West: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosemary_West

-she killed many kids there was an outcry that she should not be let out of prison
-while some say she should die in prison
-they are being possessed by the jinn

Did whites ever give Native Americans blankets infected with smallpox:
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1088/did-whites-ever-give-native-americans-blankets-infected-with-smallpox

US MARINES URINATING ON MUJAHIDEEN:
http://news.sky.com/home/world-news/article/16147513

-a person with nafs ammarah, the Shaitan becomes their constant companion
-see 43:46

And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur'an and worship of Allah), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satandevil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him. (Az-Zukhruf 43:36)

-they can snap from being an angel to a Shaitan (bipolar)
-they have mood swings because the Shaitan is in control of their heart, soul, and mind

3. NAFS MUTMA'INNAH (THE CONTENT SOUL)

-Allah spoke of this in surah Fajr
-see 89:27-30

(It will be said to the pious): "O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! (Al-Fajr 89:27)

"Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! (Al-Fajr 89:28)

"Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, (Al-Fajr 89:29)

"And enter you My Paradise!" (Al-Fajr 89:30)


-the rasul (saw) said "Oh Omar whenever the Shaitan
-sees you walking down the road, he walks on the other side of the road"

...Allah's Messenger (SAW) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if Satan would encounter you in the way he would certainly take a different way from that of yours. [Sahih Muslim, Book 31, Hadith #5899]

see 4:76

Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Taghût (Satan, etc.). So fight you against the friends of Shaitan (Satan); Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaitan (Satan). (An-Nisa 4:76)

-whenever a persons soul is being taken to the heavens,
-the souls that are already in heaven will rush to the gate to the other soul and question
-the soul suffers apprehension and anxiety
-while you are sleeping the soul leaves your body
-and goes off to different places causing you to experience deja vu
-there’s no such a thing called incarnation
-we believe in resurrection
-the Shaitan takes in the form of your grandmother, grandfather
-sometimes the soul of a dead person communicates
-with the soul of a person who is alive

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Nothing is left of the prophetism except Al-Mubashshirat." They asked, "What are Al-Mubashshirat?" He replied, "The true good dreams (that conveys glad tidings)." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 87, Hadith #119]

“True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.” [al-Bukhaari (6472) and Muslim (4201)]

"So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!" No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected. (Al-Mu'minun 23:100)

-reincarnation is Buddhism and Hinduism
-the reason why people believe in reincarnation is because the Shaitan has the ability to take the form
-of your dead relatives to deceive you