Friday, March 30, 2012

-281- Tafseer Surah Taubah (Part 16)

by Shaikh Abdullah El Faisal
03.26.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-7 and AT-42
Edited and Formatted by AT-5



AYAH 111

Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in Allah's Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur'an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success. (At-Tawbah 9:111)

-this ayah is called the 9/11 ayah, this is a barter system, no cash involved
-the barter system between you and Allah is that you give your soul to Allah
-and Allah will give you paradise for this

Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise… (9:111)

-the mujahideen kill the munafiq, the heretic
-the zanadaqa (the heretics), the kufaar they also kill and also the murtad (the apostate)
-as well as the kuffaar and the murtad
-these are the people who taste the mighty sword of the mujahideen
-that is a promise binding on Allah as was revealed in the Torah and Injeel

This ayah tells you the previous nations did jihad
-because the battle btw truth and falsehood is never ending
-and so Allah said the promise of paradise for the mujahideen is binding on Him

The Shaheed has 6 special favours

Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “There are with Allah six blessings for the martyr.
(1) He is forgiven with the first drop of blood.
(2) He is shown his abode in paradise.
(3) He is preserved from the torment of the grave and is safe from the great fear on the Day of Resurrection.
(4) A crown of honour ingrained with pearl is placed on his head, which is better than the world and what it contains.
(5) He is married to seventy-two maidens (huris) of paradise.
(6) His intercession for his seventy relatives is accepted.” [Tirmidhi 1669, Ahmed 12013, Ibn e Majah 2799]

-whenever the mujahid is slain you are not allowed to pray janazah over him, that is bid'ah
-and you bury him with the same clothing, this is because he is still alive

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. (Aali Imran 3:169)

They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them of His Bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve. (Aali Imran 3:170)

So Allah tells you that the Shaheed are alive gaining sustenance from their Lord
-so Allah is asking you to give up your lives for Him
-and He will put your souls in green birds hung on chandeliers that are in paradise

AYAH 112

The believers whose lives Allah has purchased are) those who repent to Allah (from polytheism and hypocrisy, etc.), who worship Him, who praise Him, who fast (or go out in Allah's Cause), who bow down (in prayer), who prostrate themselves (in prayer), who enjoin (people) for Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all what Islam has ordained) and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and who observe the limits set by Allah (do all that Allah has ordained and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden). And give glad tidings to the believers. (At-Tawbah 9:112)

There is no paradise if you die as hypocrite or as a disbeliever
-Allah is saying that paradise is not for those who die as hypocrites or idolaters

In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. (Al-Baqarah 2:10)

-a hypocrite is one who has doubt in his heart
-so you need to make sincere taubah for Allah to accept your souls and reward you with paradise

-some souls are stinking souls and all the Angels will speak about it badly when it passes them
-some souls are sweet and the Angels will speak good about them
-so Allah is telling you the soul that makes sincere taubah and worship Him Alone
-the one who prays, fasts in Ramadan and bows down
-Allah focused on rak'a and sajdah because whenever a person is praying, these two acts
-make you notice a person is praying, these 2 actions are clear evidences that a person is praying
-and this is why Allah mentioned them

You enjoin the right and forbid the wrong
-because if you do not, the punishment of Allah will envelop you
-the Angels went to destroy a town and found a pious man praying
-the Angels asked Allah and He said start with him
-because he did not enjoin the right and forbid the wrong

AYAH 113

It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's Forgiveness for the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief). (At-Tawbah 9:113)

So it is not proper for you to seek forgiveness for someone who dies in disbelief
-the prophet's uncle died a kaafir and the prophet (SAW) did not beg Allah to forgive him
-he only said oh Allah give my uncle the lightest punishment in hellfire

Narrated By Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib: That he said to the Prophet "You have not been of any avail to your uncle (Abu Talib) (though) by Allah, he used to protect you and used to become angry on your behalf." The Prophet said, "He is in a shallow fire, and had It not been for me, he would have been in the bottom of the (Hell) Fire." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 58, Hadith #222]

Ibn 'Abbas reported: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Among the inhabitants of the Fire Abu Talib would have the least suffering, and he would be wearing two shoes (of Fire) which would boil his brain. [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #0413]

-this is the only way he could help his uncle
-but making dua for them is haram

AYAH 114

And [Ibrahim's (Abraham)] invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim (Abraham)] had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim (Abraham)] that he (his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily Ibrahim (Abraham) was Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the correct one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility, glorify Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubi). (At-Tawbah 9:114)

The only reason Abraham did this was because he made a promise to his father
-but when it became clear to him, he made baraa from his own father
-so whenever you are inviting someone to Islam and you realise they are adamant to the dawah
-you should leave them alone, you are throwing silver and gold to the swine
-when Abraham saw his dad like this he made baraa from him

Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). (Al-A'la 87:9)

-you only give dawah when one is interested, not when they reject the dawah
-when Ibrahim saw this about his father, did he continue to give dawah?
-no, he made baraa from his father
-you practise Al wala wal bara

AYAH 115

And Allah will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid. Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything. (At-Tawbah 9:115)

-This ayah is similar to 61:5

...So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path)...(As-Saff 61:5)

-What did Allah say?
-when they turned away from the path of Allah, then Allah turned their hearts away
-Allah did not turn away the heart of a person from the haqq until they decide to turn away
-this is why the Qur'an is called kitaab mutashabihat, the Qur'an resembles the Qur'an
-and Allah told you in Surah Nisa

Do they not then consider the Qur'an carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradictions. (An-Nisa 4:82)

AYAH 116

Verily, Allah! Unto Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He gives life and He causes death. And besides Allah you have neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper. (At-Tawbah 9:116)

-this ayah is used by ASWJ to refute the Shi'ites
-because they believe the sun, moon and stars are subservient to their imams

SHIA HUJJAH: The spiritual status of the imam is the universal divine vice-gerency that is sometimes mentioned by the imams (peace be upon them). It is a vice-gerency pertaining to the whole of creation, by virtue of which all the atoms in the universe humble themselves before the holder of authority (imams). It is one of the essential beliefs of our Shia school that no one can attain the spiritual status of the imams, not even the cherubim or the prophets. Imam Khomeini, Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini, (Berkeley: Mizaan Press, 1981)

-they elevate their imams above Allah

SHIA HUJJAH: All the Imams are infallible just like the prophets. The Shia derives their religion from their immaculate (infallible) Imams" (Usool al Kafi, p. 22)

-because they claim their imams cannot make mistakes
-but Allah does

SHIA HUJJAH: “Allah often lies and does mistakes” [Usool-al-Kafi, page 328, Yacoob Kulayni, Vol. 1]

Syrian Alawis: "We worship Bashar al-Assad before Allah..":

They prefer to worship Bashar al Assad than to worship Allah
-Syria has to be purged of the Alawis for the coming of Jesus
-and that will be the seat of the caliphate

The return of Jesus is not a fantasy but a reality
see 43:61

And he ['Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)] shall be a known sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection) [i.e. 'Iesa's (Jesus) descent on the earth][] . Therefore have no doubt concerning it (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And follow Me (Allah) (i.e. be obedient to Allah and do what He orders you to do, O mankind)! This is the Straight Path (of Islamic Monotheism, leading to Allah and to His Paradise). (Az-Zukhruf 43:61)

-Surah Taubah tells us that Allah has the dominion of the earth
-in this same ayah Allah says he has the power to take and give life in ayah 116

SHIA HUJJAH: The Shia believe that at the time of Mahdi’s return Imam Mahdi will resurrect Aisha (Prophet Mohammad’s wife) and execute the law of Hudud on her, for committing Zina (adultery) during her marriage. (Al-Anwar Al-Numaniyah, vol. 1, p. 161, Tafsir al-Shafi, vol. 2, p. 108, Haq al-Yaqeen, vol. 2, p. 256, Hayat al-Qulub, vol. 2, p. 611)

-when they say imam Mahdi will put life into Aisha, and punish her

SHIA HUJJAH: In a narration attributed to Imam Abi Abdullah, he says: "Do you know what he (Shia Imam Mahdi) will start with? I said: "No." He said: "He will dig out the two (meaning Abu Bakr and Umar) as wet and fresh. Then, he will burn them and scatter their remains in the wind. And he will break-up (demolish) the Mosque ( meaning the Haram Mosque of Mecca ). (al-Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 52, p. 387)

-Also they believe that imam Mahdi will take out Abu Bakr and Umar and crucify them
-what a ridiculous Aqeedah!
-they say also that imam Mahdi will destroy masjid al haraam, they are zindiqs
-the Mahdi will not destroy the Kabah, an Ethiopian will

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The Prophet (SAW); said, "Dhus-Suwaiqa-tain (literally: One with two lean legs) from Ethiopia will demolish the Ka'ba." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 26, Hadith #661]

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: The Prophet said, "As if I were looking at him, a black person with thin legs plucking the stones of the Ka'ba one after another." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 26, Hadith #665]

Rasullullah (SAW) said: “Exert yourself in increasing the tawaf of this (Sacred House) before a barrier is placed before you and it. For by Him in whose hands lies my life, verily I can see a man from Africa, bald-headed, the inner part of his foot is flat, bow legged and flat footed, sitting on the Ka’bah and demolishing it brick by brick.” ( Sunan Tirmizi ,Nasai)

-your knowledge of Tawheed is very weak, you cannot take your Deen from them
-they have made up their own religion

AYAH 117

Allah has forgiven the Prophet (SAW), the Muhajirûn (Muslim emigrants who left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of Al-Madinah) who followed him (Muhammad SAW) in the time of distress (Tabûk expedition, etc.), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:117)

-why isit that Allah (SWT) classified the Tabuk expedition as 'the moment of distress'

1. Tabuk was very far
2. It was very hot (it was in Rajaab)
3. It was at a time where the dates were at its harvest point
4.The prophet (SAW) was taking on a mighty enemy (the Romans)

So the people thought the prophet (SAW) lost his mind
-in his own territory 7 years before, you were weak and then 7 years after hijrah you are strong
-with 30,000 men, it proves how rapidly the message of Muhammad was so great
-the Tabuk expedition was the biggest battle, the Romans, refused to battle with the Muslims
-they did not want to get humiliated

AYAH 117

Allah has forgiven the Prophet (SAW), the Muhajirûn (Muslim emigrants who left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of Al-Madinah) who followed him (Muhammad SAW) in the time of distress (Tabûk expedition, etc.), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:117)

-Allah has forgiven, the prophet the Muhajiroon and Ansar
-because it was a time of distress and they had sincerity
-then there were 3 men who procrastinated, to delay, until the prophet (SAW) left them behind
-the prophet (SAW) did not speak to them when he got back
-nor were their wives allowed to speak to them
-they delayed, and missed the army of Tabuk
-the prophet (SAW) did not speak to them for 50 days
-a Christian king heard this and wrote a letter to Ka'ab ibn Malik saying join their religion
-and he saw this as a test from Shaytan, he did not apostate and he burnt the letter
-whenever the kuffaar want you to apostate, they look for something at a weak point in a Muslim
-they target this and tell you to come to their religion

AYAH 118

And (He did forgive also) the three [who did not join the Tabûk expedition (whom the Prophet SAW)] left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, and their case was suspended for Allah's Decision) till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He accepted their repentance, that they might repent (unto Him). Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:118)

Allah spoke about the 3 who lagged behind
-The prophet (SAW) did not make the decision, he left it to Allah to forgive them or not
-he (SAW) did not speak to them for 50 days, but when Allah sent the ayah down
-the prophet (SAW) gave them salam, they were so happy, the happiest moment of their lives
-so Allah accepted their tawbah because they were patient in their excommunication
-they did not leave the fold of Islam in this period
-because of their sabr they were rewarded and forgiven

Narrated By Abdullah bin Kab bin Malik: Who, from among Kab's sons, was the guide of Kab when he became blind: I heard Kab bin Malik narrating the story of (the Ghazwa of) Tabuk in which he failed to take part. Kab said, "I did not remain behind Allah's Apostle in any Ghazwa that he fought except the Ghazwa of Tabuk, and I failed to take part in the Ghazwa of Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who had not participated in it, for in fact, Allah's Apostle had gone out in search of the caravan of Quraish till Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) and their enemy meet without any appointment. I witnessed the night of Al-'Aqaba (pledge) with Allah's Apostle when we pledged for Islam, and I would not exchange it for the Badr battle although the Badr battle is more popular amongst the people than it (i.e. Al-'Aqaba pledge). As for my news (in this battle of Tabuk), I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind the Prophet in that Ghazwa. By Allah, never had I two she-camels before, but I had then at the time of this Ghazwa. Whenever Allah's Apostle wanted to make a Ghazwa, he used to hide his intention by apparently referring to different Ghazwa till it was the time of that Ghazwa (of Tabuk) which Allah's Apostle fought in severe heat, facing, a long journey, desert, and the great number of enemy. So the Prophet announced to the Muslims clearly (their destination) so that they might get prepared for their Ghazwa. So he informed them clearly of the destination he was going to. Allah's Apostle was accompanied by a large number of Muslims who could not be listed in a book namely, a register." Ka'b added, "Any man who intended to be absent would think that the matter would remain hidden unless Allah revealed it through Divine Revelation. So Allah's Apostle fought that Ghazwa at the time when the fruits had ripened and the shade looked pleasant. Allah's Apostle and his companions prepared for the battle and I started to go out in order to get myself ready along with them, but I returned without doing anything. I would say to myself, 'I can do that.' So I kept on delaying it every now and then till the people got ready and Allah's Apostle and the Muslims along with him departed, and I had not prepared anything for my departure, and I said, I will prepare myself (for departure) one or two days after him, and then join them.' In the morning following their departure, I went out to get myself ready but returned having done nothing. Then again in the next morning, I went out to get ready but returned without doing anything. Such was the case with me till they hurried away and the battle was missed (by me). Even then I intended to depart to take them over. I wish I had done so! But it was not in my luck. So, after the departure of Allah's Apostle, whenever I went out and walked amongst the people (i.e, the remaining persons), it grieved me that I could see none around me, but one accused of hypocrisy or one of those weak men whom Allah had excused. Allah's Apostle did not remember me till he reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting amongst the people in Tabuk, he said, 'What did Ka'b do?' A man from Banu Salama said, 'O Allah's Apostle! He has been stopped by his two Burdas (i.e. garments) and his looking at his own flanks with pride.' Then Mu'adh bin Jabal said, 'What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O Allahs Apostle! We know nothing about him but good.' Allah's Apostle kept silent." Ka'b bin Malik added, "When I heard that he (i.e. the Prophet) was on his way back to Medina. I got dipped in my concern, and began to think of false excuses, saying to myself, 'How can I avoid his anger tomorrow?' And I took the advice of wise member of my family in this matter. When it was said that Allah's Apostle, had come near all the evil false excuses abandoned from my mind and I knew well that I could never come out of this problem by forging a false statement. Then I decided firmly to speak the truth. So Allah's Apostle arrived in the morning, and whenever he returned from a journey., he used to visit the Mosque first of all and offer a two-Rak'at prayer therein and then sit for the people. So when he had done all that (this time), those who had failed to join the battle (of Tabuk) came and started offering (false) excuses and taking oaths before him. They were something over eighty men; Allah's Apostle accepted the excuses they had expressed, took their pledge of allegiance asked for Allah's Forgiveness for them, and left the secrets of their hearts for Allah to judge. Then I came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled a smile of an angry person and then said, 'Come on.' So I came walking till I sat before him. He said to me, 'What stopped you from joining us. Had you not purchased an animal For carrying you?' I answered, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle! But by Allah, if I were sitting before any person from among the people of the world other than you, I would have avoided his anger with an excuse. By Allah, I have been bestowed with the power of speaking fluently and eloquently, but by Allah, I knew well that if today I tell you a lie to seek your favor, Allah would surely make you angry with me in the near future, but if I tell you the truth, though you will get angry because of it, I hope for Allah's Forgiveness. Really, by Allah, there was no excuse for me. By Allah, I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind you.' Then Allah's Apostle said, 'As regards this man, he has surely told the truth. So get up till Allah decides your case.' I got up, and many men of Banu Salama followed me and said to me. 'By Allah, we never witnessed you doing any sin before this. Surely, you failed to offer excuse to Allah's Apostle as the others who did not join him, have offered. The prayer of Allah's Apostle to Allah to forgive you would have been sufficient for you.' By Allah, they continued blaming me so much that I intended to return (to the Prophet) and accuse myself of having told a lie, but I said to them, 'Is there anybody else who has met the same fate as I have?' They replied, 'Yes, there are two men who have said the same thing as you have, and to both of them was given the same order as given to you.' I said, 'Who are they?' They replied, Murara bin Ar-Rabi Al-Amri and Hilal bin Umaiya Al-Waqifi.' By that they mentioned to me two pious men who had attended the Ghazwa (Battle) of Badr, and in whom there was an example for me. So I did not change my mind when they mentioned them to me. Allah's Apostle forbade all the Muslims to talk to us, the three aforesaid persons out of all those who had remained behind in that Ghazwa. So we kept away from the people and they changed their attitude towards us till the very land (where I lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not know it. We remained in that condition for fifty nights. As regards my two fellows, they remained in their houses and kept on weeping, but I was the youngest of them and the firmest of them, so I used to go out and witness the prayers along with the Muslims and roam about in the markets, but none would talk to me, and I would come to Allah's Apostle and greet him while he was sitting In his gathering after the prayer, and I would wonder whether the Prophet did move his lips in return to my greetings or not. Then I would offer my prayer near to him and look at him stealthily. When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn his face towards me, but when I turned my face to him, he would turn his face away from me. When this harsh attitude of the people lasted long, I walked till I scaled the wall of the garden of Abu Qatada who was my cousin and dearest person to me, and I offered my greetings to him. By Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said, 'O Abu Qatada! I beseech you by Allah! Do you know that I love Allah and His Apostle?' He kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him by Allah, but he remained silent. Then I asked him again in the Name of Allah. He said, "Allah and His Apostle know it better.' Thereupon my eyes flowed with tears and I returned and jumped over the wall." Ka'b added, "While I was walking in the market of Medina, suddenly I saw a Nabati (i.e. a Christian farmer) from the Nabatis of Sham who came to sell his grains in Medina, saying, 'Who will lead me to Kab bin Malik?' The people began to point (me) out for him till he came to me and handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan in which the following was written: "To proceed, I have been informed that your friend (i.e. the Prophet) has treated you harshly. Anyhow, Allah does not let you live at a place where you feel inferior and your right is lost. So join us, and we will console you." When I read it, I said to myself, 'This is also a sort of a test.' Then I took the letter to the oven and made a fire therein by burning it. When forty out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold ! There came to me the messenger of Allah's Apostle and said, 'Allah's Apostle orders you to keep away from your wife,' I said, 'Should I divorce her; or else! what should I do?' He said, 'No, only keep aloof from her and do not cohabit her.' The Prophet sent the same message to my two fellows. Then I said to my wife. 'Go to your parents and remain with them till Allah gives His Verdict in this matter." Kab added, "The wife of Hilal bin Umaiya came to Apostle and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Hilal bin Umaiya is a helpless old man who has no servant to attend on him. Do you dislike that I should serve him? ' He said, 'No (you can serve him) but he should not come near you.' She said, 'By Allah, he has no desire for anything. By, Allah, he has never ceased weeping till his case began till this day of his.' On that, some of my family members said to me, 'Will you also ask Allah's Apostle to permit your wife (to serve you) as he has permitted the wife of Hilal bin Umaiya to serve him?' I said, 'By Allah, I will not ask the permission of Allah's Apostle regarding her, for I do not know What Allah's Apostle would say if I asked him to permit her (to serve me) while I am a young man.' Then I remained in that state for ten more nights after that till the period of fifty nights was completed starting from the time when Allah's Apostle prohibited the people from talking to us. When I had offered the Fajr prayer on the 50th morning on the roof of one of our houses and while I was sitting in the condition which Allah described (in the Quran) i.e. my very soul seemed straitened to me and even the earth seemed narrow to me for all its spaciousness, there I heard the voice of one who had ascended the mountain of Sala' calling with his loudest voice, 'O Kab bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving good tidings).' I fell down in prostration before Allah, realizing that relief has come. Allah's Apostle had announced the acceptance of our repentance by Allah when he had offered the Fajr prayer. The people then went out to congratulate us. Some bringers of good tidings went out to my two fellows, and a horseman came to me in haste, and a man of Banu Aslam came running and ascended the mountain and his voice was swifter than the horse. When he (i.e. the man) whose voice I had heard, came to me conveying the good tidings, I took off my garments and dressed him with them; and by Allah, I owned no other garments than them on that day. Then I borrowed two garments and wore them and went to Allah's Apostle. The people started receiving me in batches, congratulating me on Allah's Acceptance of my repentance, saying, 'We congratulate you on Allah's Acceptance of your repentance." Kab further said, "When I entered the Mosque. I saw Allah's Apostle sitting with the people around him. Talha bin Ubaidullah swiftly came to me, shook hands with me and congratulated me. By Allah, none of the Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants) got up for me except him (i.e. Talha), and I will never forget this for Talha." Kab added, "When I greeted Allah's Apostle he, his face being bright with joy, said "Be happy with the best day that you have got ever since your mother delivered you." Kab added, "I said to the Prophet 'Is this forgiveness from you or from Allah?' He said, 'No, it is from Allah.' Whenever Allah's Apostle became happy, his face would shine as if it were a piece of moon, and we all knew that characteristic of him. When I sat before him, I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Because of the acceptance of my repentance I will give up all my wealth as alms for the Sake of Allah and His Apostle. Allah's Apostle said, 'Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you.' I said, 'So I will keep my share from Khaibar with me,' and added, 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah has saved me for telling the truth; so it is a part of my repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am alive. By Allah, I do not know anyone of the Muslims whom Allah has helped fortelling the truth more than me. Since I have mentioned that truth to Allah's Apostle till today, I have never intended to tell a lie. I hope that Allah will also save me (from telling lies) the rest of my life. So Allah revealed to His Apostle the Verse: "Verily, Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants (up to His Saying) And be with those who are true (in word and deed)." (9.117-119) By Allah, Allah has never bestowed upon me, apart from His guiding me to Islam, a Greater blessing than the fact that I did not tell a lie to Allah's Apostle which would have caused me to perish as those who have told a lie perished, for Allah described those who told lies with the worst description He ever attributed to anybody else. Allah said: "They (i.e. the hypocrites) will swear by Allah to you when you return to them (up to His Saying) Certainly Allah is not pleased with the rebellious people..." (9.95-96) Kab added, "We, the three persons, differed altogether from those whose excuses Allah's Apostle accepted when they swore to him. He took their pledge of allegiance and asked Allah to forgive them, but Allah's Apostle left our case pending till Allah gave His Judgment about it. As for that Allah said): And to the three (He did for give also) who remained behind." (9.118) What Allah said (in this Verse) does not indicate our failure to take part in the Ghazwa, but it refers to the deferment of making a decision by the Prophet about our case in contrast to the case of those who had taken an oath before him and he excused them by accepting their excuses. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #702]