Monday, June 18, 2012

-322- Tafseer Surah Ankabut (Part 1)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
05.22.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-7 and AT-38
Edited and Formatted by AT-5


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In this Surah Allah said



Alif­Lam­Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.] (Al-'Ankabut 29:1)

Tafseer of Alif Lam Mim
- these are miracles of the Qur'an
- and only Allah knows the meaning of the allegorical ayahs
- some verses of the Qur'an are Muhkam (unambiguous)
- some are Mutashabihah (allegorical)

Allah said;

It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad SAW) the Book (this Qur'an). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments, etc.), Al-Fara'id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers, etc.)]; and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials, etc.), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord." And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari). (Aali Imran 3:7)

- there is a full stop at Allah
- and those firmly grounded in knowledge say we believe in both the clear and unclear verses
- but the Shi'ites and Qadiyani remove the full stop at Allah
- they add those firmly grounded in knowledge after it
- so the Shi’ites and Qadiyani claim their imams know the meaning of the unclear ayahs
- and the Mu'tazilites claim they are so clever, they can unravel the meaning of Alif Lam Mim
- but if you are so clever, why do you have so many different tafseers for these ayats?
- you are only guessing and Allah said;

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al­Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge." (Al-A'raf 7:33)

- so you are guessing and end up as the man who speaks about Allah without knowledge
- and the rasul (SAW) said;

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “He who speaks on the Qur’an without possessing knowledge must assume his seat in the Fire.” [Musnad Ahmad (Vol. 1, pg. 269) No. 2429, Sunan at-Tirmdhi (Vol. 5, pg.198) No. 2950, Abu Eesa al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan]

So we will stick to the tafseer of ibn Kathir
- he said these are miracles of the Qur'an and only Allah Knows their meaning

Where was this Surah revealed?
- it was revealed in Makkah
- because Surahs that begin with letters were revealed in Makkah
- with the except of Surah Baqarah and ali Imran


أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَنْ يُتْرَكُوا أَنْ يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ

Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe," and will not be tested. (Al-'Ankabut 29:2)


وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test). (Al-'Ankabut 29:3)

Allah did not tell us that life will be a bed of roses
- Allah created us to toil and it is not supposed to be a bed of roses
- Allah said;

Verily, We have created man in toil. (Al-Balad 90:4)

And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Al-Baqarah 2:155)

Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return." (Al-Baqarah 2:156)

If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong­doers). (Aali Imran 3:140)

- it is Allah who decided who will be shaheed (martyr)
- Khalid fought so many battles hoping to be killed as a Shaheed, but he died on his bed

Abu Wael narrated when Khalid Ibn Waleed was dying he said: "I sought to be killed in a place where death is usually expected (i.e., the battlefield) but it was decreed for me to die in my bed. There is no deed of mine that gave me greater hope, after [saying] la ilaaha ill-Allah, than a night that I spent with a shield in my hand and it rained until morning, in preparation for raiding the kuffaar." Then he said: "If I die, then look at my weapons and my horse, and give them (for jihad) for the sake of Allah." [Ibn Abi al-Dunya (d. 281 H) in 'Makarim al-Akhlaq' (1/62) No. 177]

- the answer is;

And no person can ever die except by Allah's Leave and at an appointed term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful. (Aali Imran 3:145)

Only Allah Knows when we will die
- and the Shi’ites are liars, claiming their imams know
- imam Bukhari never used to collect hadith from them because their religion is based on lies
- Allah said;

Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allah?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near! (Al-Baqarah 2:214)

- this ayah above is identical to 29:2
- so the Qur'an resembles Qur'an
- Allama al-Shinqiti wrote his book Adwa ul Bayaan and used only Qur'an to explain Qur'an

So Allah told you on many occasions He shall test you
- but while being tested always remember;

So verily, with the hardship, there is relief, (Ash-Sharh 94:5)

Verily, with the hardship, there is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs). (Ash-Sharh 94:6)

- Allah repeated Himself because after every one hardship comes 2 ease
- and you are not allowed to despair
- a Muslim is not allowed to when you are being tested
- the prophet said;

Anas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, ”A mighty reward is associated with a large affliction. Indeed, when Allah loves a people, He afflicts them in trial. Thus, he who is pleased, for him is (His) pleasure, and as for him who is angry, for him is displeasure.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/601) No. 2396, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/159) No. 4031]

- those tested most are the prophets

Mus’ab ibn Sa’d reported on the authority of his father that he asked, “O Messenger of Allah, which people will face trials most?” He said, “The Prophets, then the likes, then the likes. A man is tried according to his religion. If he is firm on his religion then the trial is severe and if he is soft in observing his religions then he is tried according to his religion. Then, the trial does not remove from the slave till he walks over earth having no sin on him.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/601) No. 2398, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/152) No. 4023, Musnad Ahmad (1/185) No. 1607]

Unfortunately some people did not pass the test
- because Allah said;

As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and gifts, then he says (puffed up): "My Lord has honoured me." (Al-Fajr 89:15)

But when He tries him, by straitening his means of life, he says: "My Lord has humiliated me!" (Al-Fajr 89:16)

- some people cannot stand up to the test, this why some smoke weed
- because it takes them into the world of fantasy and make them happy and delusional

The trials of life are difficult
- because Allah said He created us to toil
- Allah said;

And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss. (Al-Hajj 22:11)

- some people cannot cope with the trials of life
- even the prophets cried out for the help of Allah, asking when will it come

Some people use drugs to forget their calamity
- and this wears out of your body
- they need to get another fix, hence losing all they have to get the drugs
- because they are addicted
- in many countries, there are more mad men than women
- because of the ayah 20:117

Then We said: "O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to you and to your wife. So let him not get you both out of Paradise, so that you be distressed in misery. (Ta-Ha 20:117)

- men shoulder the burden of responsibilities, Allah said Adam will suffer

Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means… (An-Nisa 4:34)

- according to shariah law the woman is not responsible for anything
- the hanbali fiqh goes further to say that they should get a maid


أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ أَنْ يَسْبِقُونَا سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ

Or those who do evil deeds think that they can outstrip Us (i.e. escape Our Punishment)? Evil is that which they judge! (Al-'Ankabut 29:4)

Allah is asking whether these people can escape Him
- there are Muslims who are con artists
- and you wonder: ‘do they really belief in Judgement day?’
- these con artists are found everywhere

You should a character reference of a person
- before marrying him or setting up business with him
- Allah called the hell fire Umm (mother)


مَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ لَآتٍ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Whoever hopes for the Meeting with Allah, then Allah's Term is surely coming. and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. (Al-'Ankabut 29:5)

One of the names for judgement day is Al Waqi'a


وَمَنْ جَاهَدَ فَإِنَّمَا يُجَاهِدُ لِنَفْسِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

And whosoever strives, he strives only for himself. Verily, Allah is free of all wants from the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists). (Al-'Ankabut 29:6)

You need to do the Fard and abstain from the haram to the best of your ability
- and also strive in His path (jihad)
- you are doing these for yourself not for Allah, He does not need you when you need Him
- you praise Allah for every good you do and blame yourself for every evil you do

They regard as favour upon you (O Muhammad SAW) that they have embraced Islam. Say: "Count not your Islam as a favour upon me. Nay, but Allah has conferred a favour upon you, that He has guided you to the Faith, if you indeed are true. (Al-Hujurat 49:17)

Do not think that you are doing the Muslims or Allah a favour
- by embracing Islam, this is a favour from Allah


وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَحْسَنَ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and in Messenger Muhammad SAW , and do not apostate because of the harm they receive from the polytheists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall remit from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the best of that which they used to do. (Al-'Ankabut 29:7)

When you embrace Islam, you are going to suffer sometimes
- do not think it is a punishment
- these kuffaar want you to apostate or they want to discourage others from embracing Islam
- when the Sahabahs were placed on embargo, they did not blame Allah for it
- but they bore it and were patient

Some people lose their family, job etc after embracing Islam
- you maybe demoted after embracing Islam
- do not blame Islam for this

When you take Shahadah, all your bad deeds are wiped out

Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning). (Al-Anfal 8:38)

Ibn Shamasa narrated Amr ibn al-Aas said: “When Allah put the love of Islam into my heart, I came to the Prophet (SAW) to pledge my allegiance to him. He stretched out his hand towards me, but I said, ‘I will not pledge allegiance to you, O Messenger of Allah, until you forgive me my previous sins.’ The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to me, ‘O ‘Amr, do you not know that Islam wipes out whatever sins came before it.’” [Musnad Ahmad (4/205) No. 17861, Sahih Muslim (1/112) No. 121]

Say: "O 'Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Az-Zumar 39:53)

- and Allah will reward all your good deeds you used to do when you were a kaafir

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: "My mercy prevails over My wrath." [al-Bukhari (7553), Muslim (2751), Tirmidhi (3543), Ahmad (7297)]

- when you do a good deed is written as 10 or 700 good deeds
- but a bad deed is written as only one bad deed

On the authority of Ibn Abbas (RA), from the Messenger of Allah (SAW), from what he has related from his Lord: Verily Allah ta’ala has written down the good deeds and the evil deeds, and then explained it [by saying]: "Whosoever intended to perform a good deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended to perform it and then did perform it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if he intended to perform an evil deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended it [i.e., the evil deed] and then performed it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed." [related by al-Bukhari (6491) and Muslim (131)]


وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حُسْنًا وَإِنْ جَاهَدَاكَ لِتُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

And We have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents, but if they strive to make you join with Me (in worship) anything (as a partner) of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. Unto Me is your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do. (Al-'Ankabut 29:8)

Allah said you should be kind and gentle to your parents
- but do not obey them in disobeying Allah
- the ayah will revealed because:

Sa'd (RA) narrated: Four verses were revealed about me. Then he narrated the account. His mother, Umm Sa’d, asked him, “Has not Allah commanded you to be pious? By Allah, I will neither eat food nor drink water till I die or you come back to Christianity.” So, when they decided to feed her, then opened her mouth and fed her. Then this verse was revealed: And we have enjoined on man kindness to his parents, but if they strive (to compel) you to associate with Me. (29:8 to the end) [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/341) No. 3189, Musnad Ahmad (1/185) 1614, Sahih Muslim (4/1877) No. 1748]

The mother of Sa'ad Ibn Abi Waqaas went on a hunger strike
- for him to return to shirk, so Allah revealed this ayah
- when the mother saw that he would not leave Islam
- she abandoned her hunger strike
- Sa'ad was promised paradise
- 17:23 also tells us to be dutiful to our parents

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. (Al-Isra 17:23)

And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small." (Al-Isra 17:24)

And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says: "My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will)." (Al-Ahqaf 46:15)

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُدْخِلَنَّهُمْ فِي الصَّالِحِينَ

And for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and other items of Faith) and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall make them enter in (the enterance of) the righteous (i.e. in Paradise). (Al-'Ankabut 29:9)


وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ فَإِذَا أُوذِيَ فِي اللَّهِ جَعَلَ فِتْنَةَ النَّاسِ كَعَذَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَئِنْ جَاءَ نَصْرٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّا كُنَّا مَعَكُمْ أَوَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَعْلَمَ بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ

Of mankind are some who say: "We believe in Allah," but if they are made to suffer for the sake of Allah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allah's punishment, and if victory comes from your Lord, (the hypocrites) will say: "Verily! We were with you (helping you)." Is not Allah Best Aware of what is in the breast of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Al-'Ankabut 29:10)

Allah is hereby telling you that some people do not know how to see things in the right way
- they consider the trials of mankind as a punishment from Allah

The hypocrites of Madinah were hesitant
- when the Sahabahs were going out to fight, they find excuses to stay back
- but when they have victory, the hypocrites will say they are with you

The kuffaar will tell you that the other are being persecuted
- because they are not Muslims
- they want you to apostate from the deen

And they will never cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islamic Monotheism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever." (Al-Baqarah 2:217)

- they wish they could do that, as Allah said in 2:217
- this is why he persecutes you

But you are not allowed to despair
- this was the advice of prophet Yaqub

"O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve." (Yusuf 12:87)

- only the disbelievers despairs from the mercy of Allah

If you cannot bear what they are doing to you, then make hijra from there
- why should you want to want live them? they are the armpit of humanity

Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you? They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (An-Nisa 4:97)

- they are going to lose the war against Islam
- and will vent out their anger on the Muslims at home
- they invaded the Muslims after they have been radicalised
- they are blaming it on the Shaikhs and that is why they are killing the Shaikhs
- i.e. like Imam Anwar (rh)
- there is jihad all over the world today, Iraq, Yemen, Afghanistan, now in Nigeria and Mali
- the kuffaar cannot spread themselves so thin, they have confidence in the hypocrites

Allah spoke about these hypocrites in 8:60

Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of God and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but whom God doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of God, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly. (Al-Anfal 8:60) [Yusuf Ali Translation]

- when Allah says there are enemies who you do not know, but He Knows them
- He meant the hypocrites, they spy, translate for the kuffaar, they take sides with the kuffaar
- so Allah warns you about the hypocrites and Allah called them the real enemies, so beware of them

And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right Path. (Al-Munafiqun 63:4)