Monday, June 18, 2012

-323- Tafseer Surah Ankabut (Part 2)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
05.23.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-38
Edited and Formatted by AT-5




وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ فَإِذَا أُوذِيَ فِي اللَّهِ جَعَلَ فِتْنَةَ النَّاسِ كَعَذَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَئِنْ جَاءَ نَصْرٌ مِنْ رَبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّا كُنَّا مَعَكُمْ أَوَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَعْلَمَ بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ

Of mankind are some who say: "We believe in Allah," but if they are made to suffer for the sake of Allah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allah's punishment, and if victory comes from your Lord, (the hypocrites) will say: "Verily! We were with you (helping you)." Is not Allah Best Aware of what is in the breast of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Al-'Ankabut 29:10)



And they will never cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islamic Monotheism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever." (Al-Baqarah 2:217)

- so you have many Jews, Christians etc who want to embrace Islam
- but when they see how the Muslims are persecuted
- they do not embrace for fear of being persecuted
- so Shaitan will tell you stick to kufr

History repeats itself
- the rasul (SAW) went through embargo
- the Sahabahs had to tie stones to their bellies
- and the sole purpose for doing this was to make the Muslims apostate

We do not believe in Democracy, but when the Palestinians voted HAMAS in
- the West put sanctions on them for voting for them
- you have to vote for a party they want
- you have to love what he wants and hate what he hates
- so the whole purpose of them persecuting the Muslims
- is for them to apostate and to stop the growth of Islam

He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islamic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammed SAW) hate (it). (As-Saff 61:9)

- but Allah told you that this DEEN (Islam) will grow and will be victorious
- they hate Islam that is why they ban all these commandments of Islam

The Muslim should not say that Allah is punishing him through the kuffaar
- you should not say Allah abandoned you
- the Sahabahs did not do so, they were patient

Ammar apostated with his tongue
- because he was at the verge of death
- he was under ikraah (duress)

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment. (An-Nahl 16:106)

The hypocrites in Madinah used to stay back, when the Sahabahs are going to fight
- when they are victorious, they say we were always with them
- they want to share in the victory when they see one
- but will say that they had warned them if they are defeated


وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ

Verily, Allah knows those who believe, and verily, He knows the hypocrites [i.e. Allah will test the people with good and hard days to discriminate the good from the wicked (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test)]. (Al-'Ankabut 29:11)

So Allah told you that HE will give you both the sweetness of victory and the bitterness of defeat
- He gives this in turns to test who is the true believer and those who are patient

If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong­doers). (Aali Imran 3:140)

Many of us are so sinful
- our only hope of entering Jannah is to die a shaheed


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّبِعُوا سَبِيلَنَا وَلْنَحْمِلْ خَطَايَاكُمْ وَمَا هُمْ بِحَامِلِينَ مِنْ خَطَايَاهُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

And those who disbelieve say to those who believe: "Follow our way and we will verily bear your sins," never will they bear anything of their sins. Surely, they are liars. (Al-'Ankabut 29:12)

The tafseer for the ayah is that the kufaar in Makkah came to the believers
- and asked them to apostate from Islam
- and then they will carry the burden of their sins on Judgement day
- Allah said that they are liars

And no bearer of burdens shall bear another's burden, and if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin. You (O Muhammad SAW) can warn only those who fear their Lord unseen, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat­as­Salat). And he who purifies himself (from all kinds of sins), then he purifies only for the benefit of his ownself. And to Allah is the (final) Return (of all). (Fatir 35:18)


وَلَيَحْمِلُنَّ أَثْقَالَهُمْ وَأَثْقَالًا مَعَ أَثْقَالِهِمْ وَلَيُسْأَلُنَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَمَّا كَانُوا يَفْتَرُونَ

And verily, they shall bear their own loads, and other loads besides their own, and verily, they shall be questioned on the Day of Resurrection about that which they used to fabricate. (Al-'Ankabut 29:13)

- Ayah 12 says that no one can carry the burden of the other
- Ayah 13 says that you carry both yours and the others
- this means if you introduce something bad
- you get the sin of all those who follow you
- but if you introduce a good thing, you share in the reward

Abdullah Ibn Mas‘ud (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “No soul is killed unlawfully, but there is a share of the sin on the first son of Adam, because he was the first one to set the precedent of killing.” [Related by al-Bukhari (3335) and Muslim (1677)]

Jareer ibn 'Abdullah al-Bajali (RA) said: "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: 'Whoever starts a good thing and is followed by others, will have his own reward and a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their reward in any way. Whoever starts a bad thing and is followed by others, will bear the burden of his own sin and a burden equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their burden in any way.'" [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/43) No. 2675, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/140) No. 203, Sahih Muslim (4/2059) No. 1017, Musnad Ahmad (4/357) No. 19179, Sunan An-Nasa'i (5/75) No. 2554]

They will bear their own burdens in full on the Day of Resurrection, and also of the burdens of those whom they misled without knowledge. Evil indeed is that which they shall bear! (An-Nahl 16:25)

So Allah is telling the evil man in Surah 16:25
- that they will carry the burden of all those whom they misled
- like the people who introduced the trinity to Christianity
- or Luayy Ibn Amr who introduced Hubal to the Arabs
- he will carry the sins of all the Arabs who followed him and committed shirk
- on that day we will be questioned


وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا فَأَخَذَهُمُ الطُّوفَانُ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ

And indeed We sent Nûh (Noah) to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years [inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism), and discard the false gods and other deities], and the Deluge overtook them while they were Zalimûn (wrong-doers, polytheists, disbelievers, etc.). (Al-'Ankabut 29:14)

Allah is hereby talking about Nuh
- because between him and Adam (AS) were 10 generation, who were on tauheed
- his people were the first to commit shirk

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said: "Between Nooh (Noah) and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharee'ah (law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners." [Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree in his tafseer (4/275) No. 4048 and al-Haakim (2/596) No. 4009 who said: "It is authentic according to the criterion of al-Bukhari." Adh-Dhahabe also agreed]

The children and grandchildren of Adam were pious
- the people were sad when they died
- so Shaitan asked them to put up an idol of these people
- then later asked them to put them in the town square
- instead of keeping them in their homes
- later he asked them to asked from them when there was no rain
- the Shaitan used sequential persuasion against them
- to seduce a person little by little
- until he gets you to do what he wants


Ibn Abbas said that the revelation came to Nuh (AS) when he was 40 years
- and he gave Dawah for 950 years
- the flood came and he lived for 60 years after the flood
- Allah destroyed them with the flood including his wife and son

It was recorded that Ibn `Abbas said: "Nuh received his mission when he was forty years old, and he stayed among his people for a thousand years less fifty; after the Flood he lived for sixty years until people had increased and spread.'' [Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim (9/3041) No. 17194 and Tafsir Ibn Katheer (6/268)]

Truly! Those, against whom the Word (Wrath) of your Lord has been justified, will not believe. (Yunus 10:96)

Even if every sign should come to them, - until they see the painful torment. (Yunus 10:97)

Only 80 people accepted the message
- even his wife and son were kaafirs
- only 2 prophets had kaafir wives, prophets Nuh and Lut (AS)

Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nuh (Noah) and the wife of Lout (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands by rejecting their doctrine) so they [Nuh (Noah) and Lout (Lot)] benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allah, and it was said: "Enter the Fire along with those who enter!" (At-Tahrim 66:10)

Some were made to be in the hellfire because they were cursed
- the rasul was filled with zeal and enthusiasm to convert all
- but Allah revealed 12:103

And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly. (Yusuf 12:103)

- you should give Dawah to people who are interested to the Islam
- not a hardcore atheist who is argumentative
- you give the admonition only if it benefits (87:9)

Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). (Al-A'la 87:9)

- else you are wasting your time
- when they see a sign from Allah they become arrogant

The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (the people of Makkah requested Prophet Muhammad SAW to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon). (Al-Qamar 54:1)

And if they see a sign, they turn away, and say: "This is continuous magic." (Al-Qamar 54:2)

- and say that the rasul (SAW) worked magic on their eyes
- so if a person wants to be a kaafir
- he will find a million excuses to stay a kaafir

- a Mu’tazlite prefer the Aql (intellect) over Naql (text)
- Shaikh was surprised to know that there is wine in paradise
- and that there is snow in hellfire
- your aql cannot tell you what is in hellfire and paradise

Ali (RA) observed, "If the religion was based on opinion, the bottom of the sock would take preference in being wiped to the top of the sock." [Related by Abu Dawud (1/90) No. 162 and ad-Daraqutni (1/378) No. 783 with a hassan or sahih chain.]


فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَأَصْحَابَ السَّفِينَةِ وَجَعَلْنَاهَا آيَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ

Then We saved him and those with him in the ship, and made it (the ship) as an Ayah (a lesson, a warning, etc.) for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-'Ankabut 29:15)

His wife and son were not in the ship
- so because you are prophet it does not mean that your family will be Muslims
- his son was Mu’tazlite, he thought that the mountain will save him from the Wrath of Allah

(Allah) said: "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?" Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay." (Al-A'raf 7:12)


وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاتَّقُوهُ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

And (remember) Ibrahim (Abraham) when he said to his people: "Worship Allah (Alone), and fear Him, that is better for you if you did but know. (Al-'Ankabut 29:16)

So Nuh and Ibrahim called to tauheed
- because they were living in darul harb
- this is the manhaj of the rusool

And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghût[] (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghût besides Allah)" Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (An-Nahl 16:36)

Jesus is not a Taghut because he did not know that people worship him
- and he did not approve of it
- Abraham's father was a Mushirk

Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people: "Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah Alone except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father: "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah." Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return, (Al-Mumtahinah 60:4)

- and Allah told us that in his character we find a lesson and the believers who were with him
- he declared himself against his father, unless if he returns to tauheed
- this is Al walaa Wal baraa, we all need to practice this
- a believer will never take an enemy of Islam as his friend
- those we worship other than Allah can not help us

You (O Muhammad SAW) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW ), even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people). (Al-Mujadilah 58:22)


إِنَّمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْثَانًا وَتَخْلُقُونَ إِفْكًا إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ لَكُمْ رِزْقًا فَابْتَغُوا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الرِّزْقَ وَاعْبُدُوهُ وَاشْكُرُوا لَهُ إِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

"You worship besides Allah only idols, and you only invent falsehood. Verily, those whom you worship besides Allah have no power to give you provision, so seek your provision from Allah (Alone), and worship Him (Alone), and be grateful to Him. To Him (Alone) you will be brought back. (Al-'Ankabut 29:17)

- so prophet Ibrahim (AS) used tauheed rububiyya as hujjah for tauheed uluhiyya
- Allah said;

This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship), besides Him have created. Nay, the Zalimûn (polytheists, wrong­doers and those who do not believe in the Oneness of Allah) are in plain error. (Luqman 31:11)

- so whenever someone is a good dae'e he uses this explanation and Allah used it too
- He is asking you: ‘what have your idols done for you?’
- what have they created for you?

The kuffaars stories about Allah are LIES
- they master falsehood, no one who is more evil than one who lies on Allah 'tala

And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, while he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. (As-Saff 61:7)

- the Christians are no different
- they accuse Allah of resting on the 7th day
- see Genesis 2:3

And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. (Genesis 2:2) King James Version

And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (Genesis 2:3) King James Version

- they also say that Allah repented that He made man
- see also 6:6 of Genesis

And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. (Genesis 6:6) King James Version

- and numbers 23:19 they say Allah does not repent
- so all the kuffaar and hypocrites know, is to fabricate lies against Allah

God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? (Numbers 23:19) King James Version

Abu Bakr punched a Jew because he said that Allah is poor
- but the Jew denied and Allah revealed an ayah
- to confirm Abu Bakr's statement

Indeed, Allah has heard the statement of those (Jews) who say: "Truly, Allah is poor and we are rich!" We shall record what they have said and their killing of the Prophets unjustly, and We shall say: "Taste you the torment of the burning (Fire)." (Aali Imran 3:181)

(Verily Allah heard the saying of those who said…) [3:181]. ‘Ikrimah, al-Suddi and Muqatil ibn Ishaq related that, one day, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq entered a Jewish place of study and found a group of Jewish people gathered around one of them called Finhas ibn ‘Azura, who was one of their doctors. Abu Bakr said to Finhas: “Fear Allah and embrace Islam, for by Allah you know well that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah who has brought the truth to you from Allah. He is mentioned in your Torah; so believe and accept the truth and grant Allah a goodly offering and He will make you enter the Garden and multiply your reward”. Finhas responded: “O Abu Bakr, you claim that our Lord is asking us to lend Him our wealth. Yet, it is only the poor who borrow from the rich. And if what you say is true, it follows that Allah is poor and we are rich, for if He were rich He would not ask us to lend Him our wealth”. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, may Allah be well pleased with him, became very angry and struck the face of Finhas with a mighty blow. He then said to him: “By Him in whose Hand is my soul, if it were not for the treaty between us, O enemy of Allah, I would have killed you”. Finhas went to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: “O Muhammad! Look at what your companion has done to me”. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, asked Abu Bakr: “What has driven you to do what you have done?” He said: “O Messenger of Allah, this enemy of Allah has said something very serious. He claimed that Allah is poor and they are rich. I therefore got angry for the sake of Allah and hit his face”. But Finhas denied that he ever uttered those words, and so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse (Verily Allah heard the saying of those who said…) to give the lie to Finhas and to confirm that Abu Bakr al-Siddiq said the truth. ‘Abd al-Qahir ibn Tahir informed us> Abu ‘Amr ibn Matar> Ja‘far ibn al-Layth al-Ziyadi> Hudhayfah Musa ibn Mas‘ud> Shibl> Ibn Abi Najih> Mujahid who said: “This verse was revealed about the Jews; Abu Bakr, may Allah be well pleased with him, had struck the face of one of their men who said ‘Allah is poor and we are rich’ ”. Shibl commented: “I was informed that this man was Finhas the Jew, and it is also this man who said: (Allah’s hand is fettered) [5:64]”. [Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou]

- another ayah that came down specifically for Abu Bakr
- is surah 36:47

And when it is said to them: "Spend of that with which Allah has provided you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe: "Shall we feed those whom, if Allah willed, He (Himself) would have fed? You are only in a plain error." (Ya-Sin 36:47)

- Abu Jahl was using Qadr to question what he was doing
- he said that Allah would have fed the poor if He wanted
- but Abu Bakr said that Allah tests some with wealth

SHIA HUJJAH: “Allah often lies and does mistakes” [Usool-al-Kafi, page 328, Yacoob Kulayni, Vol. 1]

- so the kuffaar will always fabricate lies against Allah
- because the kuffaar will don't practice Tauheed Asmaa wa sifaat
- every deviant group lies on Allah

- there was a masjid that would not allow women to enter the masjid
- and they said that Aisha (RA) said if the rasul was alive
- he would not allow the women to enter the masjid because of their dress

'Amra, daughter of Abd al-Rahmin, reported: I heard 'Aisha, the wife of the Apostle of Allah (SAW), say: "If the Messenger of Allah (SAW) had seen what new things the women have introduced (in their way of life) he would have definitely prevented them from going to the mosque, as the women of Bani Isra'il were prevented." [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #0895]

- but Zainab bint Jash (RA) said that Allah is above the 7 sevens heavens
- and they claim that they follow the wives of the rasul
- they pick and choose what to follow and what not to follow

...Zainab used to boast before the wives of the Prophet and used to say, "You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." And Thabit recited, "The Verse: 'But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest, you did fear the people,' (33.37) was revealed in connection with Zainab and Zaid bin Haritha." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith 516]


وَإِنْ تُكَذِّبُوا فَقَدْ كَذَّبَ أُمَمٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ

"And if you deny, then nations before you have denied (their Messengers). And the duty of the Messenger is only to convey (the Message) plainly." (Al-'Ankabut 29:18)

- so if they deny the message

"And our duty is only to convey plainly (the Message)." (Ya-Sin 36:17)

- many before them also denied
- but they were destroyed by natural disasters

(They took to flight because of their) arrogance in the land and their plotting of evil. But the evil plot encompasses only him who makes it. Then, can they expect anything (else), but the Sunnah (way of dealing) of the peoples of old? So no change will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allah's Sunnah (way of dealing). (Fatir 35:43)

- so there is no change in the way Allah deals with them
- but the difference is that in today’s time

Fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a believing people, (At-Tawbah 9:14)

- the believers destroy the kuffaar through the mujahideen on the battlefield
- this heals the burden in your heart


Death toll in Yemen's suicide bombing rises to 90, al-Qaeda claims responsibility:

- if they are not crushed many Muslims might
- apostate from the deen like in the days if Communism
- and today many have apostated because they believe in democracy
- and many wicked scholars preach it
- if you believe in Islam, your Qibla is in Makkah
- and if you are a kaafir, your Qibla is in the White House