Saturday, June 30, 2012

-331- Tafseer Surah Furqan (Part 1)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
06.03.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-21 and AT-42
Edited and Formatted by AT-5


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Surah Furqan was revealed in Makkah
-Allah 'tala said:


تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَى عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيرًا

Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur'an) to His slave (Muhammad SAW) that he may be a warner to the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Al-Furqan 25:1)

-Allah used the word 'nazzala' (to reveal) and 'anzala' (to reveal)

-this is the only book this word is used to describe
-all the previous books, He (SWT) used the word 'anzala'

-if a book was revealed ALL AT ONCE - then the word ANZALA was used
-if a book was revealed IN STAGES, then He used the word NAZZALA

-ALLAH 'tala said: see 8:29

O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan a criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you, and Allah is the Owner of the Great Bounty. (Al-Anfal 8:29)

-al-furqan describes the Holy Qur'an (criteria to judge right from wrong and truth from falsehood)

-the Prophet (SAW) had to rely on the Qur'an to handle the slander
-when he prayed over the hypocrite

And never (O Muhammad SAW) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and died while they were Fasiqûn (rebellious, - disobedient to Allah and His Messenger SAW). (At-Tawbah 9:84)

It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You desire the good of this world (i.e. the money of ransom for freeing the captives), but Allah desires (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Al-Anfal 8:67)

-so these step by step revelations answered his problems and situations

FURQAN - judging between good from bad, truth from falsehood
-what Muslims see as good, He (SWT) sees as good and the same with evil

Ibn Mas'ud (RA) said, "Whatever the Muslims see as good is good with Allah, Whatever the Muslims see as bad, Allah sees as bad." [Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/83) No. 4465, classed as Sahih by Adh-Dhahabee]

-those of us in ASWJ, we have haqq on our lips and we should seek advice from the Muslim Ummah

If we have taqwah, He (SWT) blesses us with furqan and firassa
-firassa = deep insight

Anas ibn Malik (RA) said: I entered the company of Uthman ibn Affaan (RA) while I was thinking about the beauty of a woman I saw in the street. Uthman (RA) then said: One of you enter my presence and the remnants of zinaa can be seen in his eyes. I then said: Did revelation come down after the departure of the Rasool (SAW)? Uthman said: But this is the deep insight, foresight and intuition of the believer. [Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, Madaarij as-Saalikeen (Vol. 2, pg. 455)]

-if you can look in a person's eyes and tell they are a thief, you were blessed with firassa
-if we can debate a hypocrite by using Qur'an only, this is best

Jabir ibn Abdullah (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said in the Jumu’ah khutbah: "...To proceed. The best of the speech is embodied in the Book of Allah, and the best of the guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. And the most evil affairs are their innovations; and every innovation is error..." [Sahih Muslim (2/592) No. 867]

-the best hadeeth is the Qur'an
-the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (SAW)

Muhammad (SAW) what he was told
-even marrying Zaynab when he did not want to marry her

And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Harithah the freed­slave of the Prophet SAW) on whom Allah has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you (O Muhammad SAW too) have done favour (by manumitting him) "Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah." But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allah's Command must be fulfilled. (Al-Ahzab 33:37)

Narrated By Anas: Zaid bin Haritha came to the Prophet complaining about his wife. The Prophet kept on saying (to him), "Be afraid of Allah and keep your wife." 'Aisha said, "If Allah's Apostle were to conceal anything (of the Qur'an he would have concealed this Verse." Zainab used to boast before the wives ofthe Prophet and used to say, "You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." And Thabit recited, "The Verse: 'But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest, you did fear the people,' (33.37) was revealed in connection with Zainab and Zaid bin Haritha." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith 516]

Muhammad (SAW) said - "do not do to me what the Christians do for Esa"

...'Do not praise me excessively as Jesus, son of Marry was praised, but call me Allah's Slave and His Apostles.'... [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 82, Hadith #817]

-Allah 'tala uses the word Abd for the noblest occasions
-Abd = uses also to show the closeness between Allah 'tala and Muhammad (SAW)

-Allah refers to the Holy Quran as Furqan
-it splits up the good from bad
-Allah describes Muhammad as 'Abd' a servant
-he did not hide anything from the book
-Aisha said that if Muhammad wanted to hide anything it would have been the ayah
-where he was commanded to marry Zaynab
-because he did not want to
-Abd also means someone has to be close to Allah

-also Allah described Muhammad as 'Abd' because he was not Taghoot
-he did not tell people to worship him
-he said do not do what the Christians do to Jesus
-Muhammad (SAW) did not deviate from anything
-Zaynab used to boast in front of the other wives
-she used to say she was chosen by Allah for the prophet from the seven heavens
-this is used as a hujjah for saying Allah is over the 'Arsh
-Allah said in: 17:1-2

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] [Tafsir Qurtubi, Vol. 10, Page 204] Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer[]. (Al-Isra 17:1)

And We gave Mûsa (Moses) the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel (saying): "Take not other than Me as (your) Wakil (Protector, Lord, or Disposer of your affairs, etc). (Al-Isra 17:2)

in surah 72, this surah is clear evidence the rasool was sent to man and jinn

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns[] listened (to this Qur'ân). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur'ân)!(Al-Jinn 72:1)

'It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allâh). (Al-Jinn 72:2)

-the rasool (SAW) said in a hadith: - I was sent to the red man and the black skin man

Abu Dharr narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “I was given five things which were not given to any Prophet before me: I was sent to the red and black, the whole earth has been made a place of worship for me, booty was made lawful for me and it was not lawful to any before me, I was given support by casting fear in the hearts of my enemies who are a month-travel distance away from me, I made my dua (given to each Prophet) for my ummah and this is for anyone who does not make shirk." [Sunan Darme (2/295) No. 2467, Musnad Ahmad (5/161) No. 21472]

-another Hadeeth - I was given 6 thing no other prophet was given

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1062]


الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فَقَدَّرَهُ تَقْدِيرًا

He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements. (Al-Furqan 25:2)

-Allah did not beget a son

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything. (Al-An'am 6:101)

-the kaafirs say Allah begets a son
-it does not touch our nerve that they say these things, we have become so used to it
-Allah says;

And they say: "The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son ['Iesa (Christ)], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)]." (Maryam 19:88)

Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. (Maryam 19:89)

Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, (Maryam 19:90)

That they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah). (Maryam 19:91)

But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children). (Maryam 19:92)

-beget means to sleep with someone and impregnate a women
-this is a terrible lie against Allah, a'uthubillah
-the mountains almost reduce to powder and dust when people make this false statement against Allah

Many of you ask the question why were the Jews and Christians allowed to live in the Islamic state?
-why were they not beheaded when they lie against Allah
-this did not happen because under Islam, they will learn tawheed and they will become Muslims
-this strategy has been effective world wide
-also the reason why the kuffaar are not beheaded is because they do not intend to insult Allah
-Surah 43:61

And he ['Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)] shall be a known sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection) [i.e. 'Iesa's (Jesus) descent on the earth][] . Therefore have no doubt concerning it (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And follow Me (Allah) (i.e. be obedient to Allah and do what He orders you to do, O mankind). This the Straight Path (of Islamic Monotheism, leading to Allah and to His Paradise). (Az-Zukhruf 43:61)

-Allah does not become tired preserving the heavens and earth
-Allah has no partners in preserving the heavens and the earth and he does not get tired
-Allah tells us this in ayatul kursi

SHIA HUJJAH: The spiritual status of the imam is the universal divine vice-gerency that is sometimes mentioned by the imams (peace be upon them). It is a vice-gerency pertaining to the whole of creation, by virtue of which all the atoms in the universe humble themselves before the holder of authority (imams). It is one of the essential beliefs of our Shia school that no one can attain the spiritual status of the imams, not even the cherubim or the prophets. Imam Khomeini, Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini, (Berkeley: Mizaan Press, 1981)

-however the Shi’ites beg to differ, they say the sun, moon and stars are in the hands of their imams
-they have a God complex, you can see their kuffaar in this hujjah
-you sometimes wonder are these people possessed by jinns
-because normal human beings think, how can they believe such things
-their aqeedah is contradicting Quran and Sunnah
-so Allah tells us He has no Shareek


وَاتَّخَذُوا مِنْ دُونِهِ آلِهَةً لَا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ مَوْتًا وَلَا حَيَاةً وَلَا نُشُورًا

Yet they have taken besides Him other aliha (gods) that created nothing but are themselves created, and possess neither hurt nor benefit for themselves, and possess no power (of causing) death, nor (of giving) life, nor of raising the dead. (Al-Furqan 25:3)
-this ayah is very important
-Allah is telling us that He is the only person that can create
-and He is worthy alone to be praised and worshipped
-He uses Tauheed Rububiyyah as hujjah for Tauheed ibaadah
-Allah says;

This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship), besides Him have created. Nay, the Zalimûn (polytheists, wrong­doers and those who do not believe in the Oneness of Allah) are in plain error. (Luqman 31:11)

-when the Taliban blew up the Buddha in Pakistan, why did the Buddha not protect himself?
-so this is what Allah is referring to in this ayah
-'why cannot these false Gods protect you?'
-this is a delusion, the worst delusion is believing in a God which is False

Shaikh spoke to a doctor and the doctor admitted that Christians are delusional
-but he (the doc) could not say this because he may loose his license as a doctor
-however Shaikh can say this, Shaikh likes to be frank, not hide the truth
-why Shaikh likes to be frank? because Allah said;

Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikûn will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Al-Baiyinah 98:6)

-Shaikh asked a doctor to define many terms for him and after he did
-he said to the doctor the Christians are delusional
-this ayah Allah does not mince His words and gives it, just as it is
-the doctor said he cannot say such but Shaikh can because he is a Shaikh
-you cannot sugar coat things and when you beat around the bush you risk Aakhira
-it is best to tell people about the truth

-Allah is telling the infidels that they did not create anything
-their gods were made themselves, they are no good of use
-Allah says;

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe." (Al-A'raf 7:188)

-not even Muhammad the greatest man to walk on this face of the earth
-he did not have the power for anything except by the will of Allah
-he did not have knowledge of ilmul ghayb except for what Allah gave him
-like the hadith of the last signs of the hour
-this was just an example of the knowledge of ilmul ghayb of what Muhammad (SAW) had
-the false deities that people follow Allah will dump them in the hellfire besides you


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا إِفْكٌ افْتَرَاهُ وَأَعَانَهُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمٌ آخَرُونَ فَقَدْ جَاءُوا ظُلْمًا وَزُورًا

Those who disbelieve say: "This (the Qur'an) is nothing but a lie that he (Muhammad SAW) has invented, and others have helped him at it, so that they have produced an unjust wrong (thing) and a lie." (Al-Furqan 25:4)


وَقَالُوا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ اكْتَتَبَهَا فَهِيَ تُمْلَى عَلَيْهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا

And they say: "Tales of the ancients, which he has written down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon." (Al-Furqan 25:5)

-for you to dictate something to someone, they have to be knowledgeable
-how can someone dictate something to someone if they do not understand?

He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur'an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad SAW). And verily, they had been before in mainfest error; (Al-Jumu'ah 62:2)

-Muhammad (SAW) could not read or write
-so why do you the kuffaar say he created the Quran?
-the kuffaar always lie their way out


قُلْ أَنْزَلَهُ الَّذِي يَعْلَمُ السِّرَّ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا

Say: "It (this Qur'an) has been sent down by Him (Allah) (the Real Lord of the heavens and earth) Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Al-Furqan 25:6)


وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ لَوْلَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا

And they say: "Why does this Messenger (Muhammad SAW) eat food, and walk about in the markets (like ourselves). Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him? (Al-Furqan 25:7)
-because they want to reject faith, they make excuses
-this ayah is telling us that if you do what normal people do
-they use this against you and to disrespect you

Shaikh in UK- some celebrities would not shop in Tesco and Sainsbury, next to the normal people
-they thought they were better
-they would shop in Harrods (an expensive shop in London)
-so the kuffaar in Makkah used the status of being a normal person
-and doing what they do as against him
-they say why was not it a angel, not someone same as them

The Million dollar question is: why did Allah choose a man and not an angel?
-the kuffaar always want to tell Allah who to bless

And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed Talût (Saul) as a king over you." They said, "How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower." (Al-Baqarah 2:247)

-the kuffaar also want to tell Allah what to do
-the Indians also say: why was an Indian not the last prophet why Muhammad
-so they said that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was a prophet
-many people wish for the prophet to be from their nation

But Allah chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)

2:105 - Allah chooses His mercy whom He wills
-the kuffar moaned when Allah appointed Saul as the king, the king was poor
-they the kuffaar said they were better in wealth, so why is he the king
-they have a problem with Allah's haakimiyyah
-so you can see this happened at the time of the prophet (SAW) also
-they the kuffaar said 'why was this given to the orphan boy'
-they always look for a reason not to except Islam
-with their excuse, such as 'why does he go to the market place like us'

So the Million Dollar question was, why did Allah send Man as a Messenger and Not and Angel?
-because man would say, the angel is stronger than us
-and this would be their excuse on the day of judgement
-angels do not have desires, but man does
-and he is stronger than me'- this would be the excuse
-and man would use this against Allah on the day of judgement
-so Allah sent man 'Muhammad' as a messenger to us because he is like us
-and he has the same needs as us
-like the example when the man was hungry and he told the prophet
-he was hungry and the prophet said the same

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/585) No. 2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Imaan’ (13/54) No. 9943]

Allah said;

Say (O Muhammad SAW): "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)

-so the kuffaar think they are clever, they say Allah should have sent an angel
-if Allah had sent an angel man would use this as an excuse, Allah is so wise


أَوْ يُلْقَى إِلَيْهِ كَنْزٌ أَوْ تَكُونُ لَهُ جَنَّةٌ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا وَقَالَ الظَّالِمُونَ إِنْ تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلًا مَسْحُورًا

"Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has he not a garden whereof he may eat?" And the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) say: "You follow none but a man bewitched." (Al-Furqan 25:8)
-the Quran is the greatest book of psychology, sociology
-men gravitate towards wealth
-people gravitate towards you, if they see success

-Islam does not stop you from having the latest phones, cars or nice things or modernity
-who has brainwashed you?
-Islam tells you to stay away from Kufr, Shirk, Zanadaqah, Nifaaq, Asaabiyah
-Not wealth, Allah said:

But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidûn (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). (Al-Qasas 28:77)

-why do you want to preach poverty in the Ummah?
-the caliph Umar said poverty leads to kufr
-people lead to prostitution because of poverty

Anas Ibn Malik narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Poverty, in all probability, leads to unbelief (kufr)...” [al-Bayhaqi narrated in 'Shu’ab al-Eemaan' (9/12) No. 6188 and Abu Na'eem narrated in 'Hileeyat al-Awwleeyah' (3/109)]

-people make the rich feel guilty about their wealth
-this should not be the case
-why are do you go to the rich for donations for the masjids? and not the poor?
-so why do you make the rich feel guilty?

Shaikh was in Swaziland and a poor man died and 3 people attended his Janazah
-and when a rich man died about 3,000 people attend his janazah
-so secretly you like the rich and admire them
-no one cried for the poor man they were happy because he used to harass the people of the masjid
-but they cried for the rich man even the imam

-so the kuffaar say about Muhammad, ‘why is he like us?’
-the zalimun say that Muhammad was bewitched (black magic was done to him)
-they do character assassination, when they cannot attach anything else, they slander


انْظُرْ كَيْفَ ضَرَبُوا لَكَ الْأَمْثَالَ فَضَلُّوا فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلًا

See how they coin similitudes for you, so they have gone astray, and they cannot find a (Right) Path. (Al-Furqan 25:9)


تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي إِنْ شَاءَ جَعَلَ لَكَ خَيْرًا مِنْ ذَلِكَ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكَ قُصُورًا

Blessed be He Who, if He will, will assign you better than (all) that, - Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) and will assign you palaces (i.e. in Paradise). (Al-Furqan 25:10)

Allah says in surah waduha: the akhira is better for you than this life

Your Lord (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) has neither forsaken you nor hated you. (Ad-Duha 93:3)

And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the present (life of this world). (Ad-Duha 93:4)

And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e. good) so that you shall be well-pleased. (Ad-Duha 93:5)

Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) Al-Kauthar (a river in Paradise); (Al-Kawthar 108:1)

Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). (Al-Kawthar 108:2)

For he who makes you angry (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), - he will be cut off (from every good thing in this world and in the Hereafter). (Al-Kawthar 108:3)