Tuesday, July 10, 2012

-333- Tafseer Surah Furqan (Part 3)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
06.05.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-7 and AT-42
Edited and Formatted by AT-5



Tafseer has proven to be popular with the brothers and sisters
- people who love Allah and His messenger love tafseer


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا لَوْلَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْنَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا

And those who expect not for a Meeting with Us (i.e. those who deny the Day of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter), say: "Why are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our Lord?" Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful with great pride. (Al-Furqan 25:21)

Allah is hereby teaching you the mentality of the kuffaar
- they think highly of themselves
- if you cannot look at the sun (the creation), how can you look at Allah (the Creator)?
- which one of you can look at the bright midday sun?
- you will go blind, so how can you ask to see Allah?

Musa (AS) also asked to see Allah
- Allah said;

And when Mûsa (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O my Lord! Show me (Yourself), that I may look upon You." Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see Me." So when his Lord appeared to the mountain[], He made it collapse to dust, and Mûsa (Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the believers." (Al-A'raf 7:143)

A huge gigantic mountain could not stand when Allah exposed Himself to it
- so the pagans of Makkah were thinking too highly of themselves for asking to see Allah

However we will see Allah in the hereafter, this is the aqeedah of ASWJ
- and you are not to have the aqeedah of the Shi’ites and Mu’tazlites, to deny this
- they use the ayah above to support their aqeedah
- but the did not understand the ayah because this ayah is for the dunya
- in the hereafter we will see Allah
- Allah said;

Some faces that Day shall be Nadirah (shining and radiant). (Al-Qiyamah 75:22)

Looking at their Lord (Allah); (Al-Qiyamah 75:23)


يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ لَا بُشْرَى يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلْمُجْرِمِينَ وَيَقُولُونَ حِجْرًا مَحْجُورًا

On the Day they will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimûn (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) that day. And they (angels) will say: "All kinds of glad tidings are forbidden for you," [None will be allowed to enter Paradise except the one who said: La ilaha ill-Allah, "(none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and acted practically on its legal orders and obligations]. (Al-Furqan 25:22)

- there is no glad tidings for the disbeliever on that day
- because of the evil deeds they perpetuated
- the angels will speak to them when snatching their souls
- and will also speak to them on judgment day
- Allah said;

Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (An-Nisa 4:97)

- a Muslim woman was beaten in Belgium for wearing the niqaab
- this can only happen in Europe


The angels will ask the people, why they did not make hijrah
- they will also beat people at the time of taking their souls
- Allah said;

And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who disbelieve (at death), they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): "Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire." (Al-Anfal 8:50)

Allah also said;

And who can be more unjust than he who invents a lie against Allah, or says: "I have received inspiration," whereas he is not inspired in anything; and who says, "I will reveal the like of what Allah has revealed." And if you could but see when the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong­doers, etc.) are in the agonies of death, while the angels are stretching forth their hands (saying): "Deliver your souls! This day you shall be recompensed with the torment of degradation because of what you used to utter against Allah other than the truth. And you used to reject His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) with disrespect!" (Al-An'am 6:93)

Whenever a believer is going to die the angels sit by him and say;

…Then the angel of death (peace be upon him) will come and sit at his head and will say "O you virtuous soul; come out to a forgiveness and a pleasure from your Lord ". So it will come out as a drop comes out of the mouth of a jug (with ease),…

Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! (Al-Fajr 89:28)

But when it is for the disbeliever
- the angels will say to him oh you stinking soul
- come out to the wrath of Allah and his soul will be pulled from his body

...Then the angel of death will come and sit at his head and will say "O you wicked soul; come out to a anger from your Lord and a fury (from Him)". So it will be distributed (spread out) throughout his body, then it will be ripped away as a skewer/spit is ripped out of damp cotton [and in its way out it will tear and cut the nerves and blood vessels]...

[This hadith is narrated by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, at-Tayalisi, and al-Hakim who said it is according to the standards of Bukhari and Muslim. This text is the text of Ahmad, all text between brackets is from the other narrators and other narrations of Ahmad]

By those (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) with great violence; (An-Nazi'at 79:1)

By those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers); (An-Nazi'at 79:2)

Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah (Alone)," and then they Istaqamû, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! (Fussilat 41:30)

"We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for. (Fussilat 41:31)

"An entertainment from (Allah), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Fussilat 41:32)

Why were your angels your friends in dunya?
- this is because when you used to gather in the masjid to worship Allah
- the angels used to attend
- we all have a qareen in dunya and akhira and these are the angels

Prophet Idrees had a friend from the angels
- and he used to take him to the 7 heavens for a tour
- but prophet Ibrahim (AS) his friend was Allah






- there is no evidence that we do not sin
- because if you do not sin Allah will wipe you out

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger having said: “By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if you were not to commit sin, Allah would sweep you out of existence and He would replace (you by) those people who would commit sin and seek forgiveness from Allah, and He would have pardoned them.” [Sahih Muslim (4/2106) No. 2749]

- there is no guarantee that if you sin your soul will be a stinking soul
- because of the hadith above
- and Allah said in a hadith Qudsi;

On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (RA) from the Prophet (SAW) from his Lord, that He said: O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm me, and you will not attain benefitting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Sahih Muslim (4/1994) No. 2577]

- Allah said;

Say: "O 'Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Az-Zumar 39:53)

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

- this ayah is talking about those who died in shirk
- but if you made tawbah before death He will forgive you
- so even shirk is forgiven as long as you made tawbah before death
- do not despair from the mercy of Allah
- only the khawarij do so

"O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve." (Yusuf 12:87)

- so as a Muslim you are not despair even if you do haram
- but the khawarij take away all your hope, they are too unforgiving
- the murjia are too forgiven
- so both lost the balance
- but you are in the middle between these two groups


وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَى مَا عَمِلُوا مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ هَبَاءً مَنْثُورًا

And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust. (Al-Furqan 25:23)
A woman like mother Theresa did good by feeding many hungry people in Calcutta
- but she believed in ‘holy Mary mother of god’
- so she has absolutely no reward in the hereafter because of this ayah
- all her pious deeds are scattered particles of floating dust
- Allah also said;

The parable of those who disbelieve in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the Right Path). (Ibrahim 14:18)

- this ayah explains the other ayah
- because the Qur'an does not contradict Qur'an
- Also;

…There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura 42:11)

- resembles;

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him." (Al-Ikhlas 112:4)

Allah said;

As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allah with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allah is Swift in taking account. (An-Nur 24:39)

(scattered floating particles of dust (Haba').) Qatadah said: "Have you not seen dry trees when they are blown by the wind This refers to those leaves.'' [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (6/101)]

It was narrated that Ya`la bin `Ubayd said: "Ashes or dust when it is stirred up by the wind.'' [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (6/101)]

And (O Muhammad SAW) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Habil (Abel) and Qabil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allah), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: "I will surely kill you." The former said: "Verily, Allah accepts only from those And (O Muhammad SAW) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Habil (Abel) and Qabil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allah), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: "I will surely kill you." The former said: "Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2)." (Al-Ma'idah 5:27)

Allah only accepts the righteous deeds of the muttaqeen
- the people upon Tawheed, this was why Cain’s sacrifice was not accepted


أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا

The dwellers of Paradise (i.e. those who deserved it through their Faith and righteousness) will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of places for repose. (Al-Furqan 25:24)


وَيَوْمَ تَشَقَّقُ السَّمَاءُ بِالْغَمَامِ وَنُزِّلَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ تَنْزِيلًا

And (remember) the Day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the angels will be sent down, with a grand descending. (Al-Furqan 25:25)
Allah said the angels will descend
- on the day of judgement
- and 8 angels will carry the throne of Allah

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them. (Al-Haqqah 69:17)

And your Lord comes with the angels in rows, (Al-Fajr 89:22)

- this ayah proves that the throne of Allah is a concrete noun not an abstract noun
- Allah said;

Do they then wait for anything other than that Allah should come to them in the shadows of the clouds and the angels? (Then) the case would be already judged. And to Allah return all matters (for decision). (Al-Baqarah 2:210)

The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). (Al-Fatihah 1:4)


- this is what the prophet told Jibreel

…“And when is the Hour?” He said, “The one who is questioned does not know more about it than the one who asks.” He asked, “Then what are its Signs?” He said, “That a maid-servant will beget her mistress and that you see barefooted, naked-bodied, helpless shepherds construct tall buildings.”... [Bukhari 47, Muslim 4, Tirmidhi 2619, Abu Dawud 4695, Nisai 5005, Ibn Majah 63, Ahmed 184]


...Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?... (Al-Baqarah 2:255)



الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ لِلرَّحْمَنِ وَكَانَ يَوْمًا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ عَسِيرًا

The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most Beneficent (Allah), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism). (Al-Furqan 25:26)Narrated By Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, 'I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?'" [al-Bukhari (7382) and Muslim (2787)]

- this hadith tells you the Mulk belongs to Allah Alone
- He also said;

The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allah's the One, the Irresistible! (Ghafir 40:16)


وَيَوْمَ يَعَضُّ الظَّالِمُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ يَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي اتَّخَذْتُ مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا

And (remember) the Day when the Zalim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist, etc.) will bite at his hands, he will say: "Oh! Would that I had taken a path with the Messenger ( Muhammad SAW). (Al-Furqan 25:27)
- judgment day will make kids grow white hair
- it is a day of regret and grieve

This ayah tells you, you have to accept Muhammad
- so the Unitarian Christian still does not stand a chance

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, any Christian or Jew who heard about me and died whilst regecting me, such a person is in the hell fire to abide there forever." [Sahih Muslim (1/134) No. 153 and Musnad Ahmad (2/350) No. 8594]

- this hadith above coincides with 25:27
- so what chance does the Parvezi stand?
- he claims he follows Qur'an and not Sunnah, but he is liar

We say to him do you pray? he will say yes
- so we ask you, did you prayed two rak’ah in salatul fajr?
- how did you know it contains two rak’ah for fajr and dhuhr 4 rak'ah?
- this means you follow Sunnah
- Allah said;

Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind): "If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur'an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Aali Imran 3:31)

- so this proves the Parvezi is a liar and not following anything
- because if you love Allah, you would follow Muhammad!

The angels will say to man;

It almost bursts up with fury. Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask: "Did no warner come to you?" (Al-Mulk 67:8)

They will say: "Yes indeed; a warner did come to us, but we belied him and said: 'Allah never sent down anything (of revelation), you are only in great error.'" (Al-Mulk 67:9)

And they will say: "Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!" (Al-Mulk 67:10)

When you went to the church and heard them say ‘holy Mary mother of god’
- why did you not use your aql to know Allah did not come from the belly of a woman?
- why did you not use your aql and say ‘if the Buddha was god why did he not protect himself against the Taliban?’
- why did you not use your aql to say ‘why cannot god see in the dark when you went to the Hindu festival?’
- so the reason for some to be dumped in the fire, is because they did not use their aql
- and Allah said;

Verily! The worst of (moving) living creatures with Allah are the deaf and the dumb, those who understand not (i.e. the disbelievers). (Al-Anfal 8:22)

Why do you think a woman wants an educated man?
- because she wants a husband who can think
- an intelligent man is a big turn-on for women
- and a fool is a big turn off for women, he follows the crowd


يَا وَيْلَتَى لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أَتَّخِذْ فُلَانًا خَلِيلًا

"Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend! (Al-Furqan 25:28)
- this ayah also proves judgment day, is a day of regret and grief
- the prophet (SAW) said;

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “A man is on the religion of his friend, so let each of you observe whom he be friends.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/589) No. 2378, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/259) No. 4833, Musnad Ahmad (2/334) No. 8398]

Verily, We have warned you of a near torment, the Day when man will see that (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will say: "Woe to me! Would that I were dust!" (An-Naba 78:40)

- people who were brothers in shirk and kufr in dunya
- will blame each other in aakhira

And those who followed will say: "If only we had one more chance to return (to the worldly life), we would disown (declare ourselves as innocent from) them as they have disowned (declared themselves as innocent from) us." Thus Allah will show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the Fire. (Al-Baqarah 2:167)

- and the wicked scholars will wash their hands off their students
- and the students will wish to go back and disown them


لَقَدْ أَضَلَّنِي عَنِ الذِّكْرِ بَعْدَ إِذْ جَاءَنِي وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ خَذُولًا

"He indeed led me astray from the Reminder (this Qur'an) after it had come to me. And Shaitan (Satan) is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need." (Al-Furqan 25:29)
- some of you have a weak personality and cannot say NO
- but if you know you have such personality, why did you not mix with righteous people?
- Allah said;

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). (At-Tawbah 9:119)

If your car battery is bad, you get a jump start and your battery works
- similarly if you know your emaan is flat, you need to be in the company of righteous people
- to give your emaan a boost, you need to stay away from bad company

Khathoola is a friend who abandons you in your hour of need
- the shaytan did this to Quraish at the battle of Badr
- he encouraged them to fight Muhammad (SAW) and said to them;

And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, "No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help)." But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said "Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah is Severe in punishment." (Al-Anfal 8:48)

- he said to them i am your neighbour, meaning i will be there
- but he abandoned them and did a runner and said to them ‘you are on your own’
- because ‘I can see what you do not see, I see the angel Jibreel coming with a 1,000 angels’
- ‘so you do not stand a chance, so I’m outta here!’

Shaytan is a khathool
- he abandons you in your hour of need
- Pres. Bush said ‘something whispered to him, when he wanted to invade Iraq’

George Bush: 'God told me to end the tyranny in Iraq' :

- why is it that there are thousands of homeless people in America?
- when at the time of Pres. Clinton there was not many homeless people
- but when Bush came into power the economy failed because he got into war


Killing al-Qaeda mujahideen will not stop Islam
- because you have many wars to fight
- Shaytan likes to exaggerate and it was the Shaytan who put you into this
- and he abandoned you at the time of your need
- he ran away from you just like he ran away from Quraish (Surah 8:48)

But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief (chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) - for surely their oaths are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions). (At-Tawbah 9:12)

Narrated By Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet looked at the people of the well (the well in which the bodies of the pagans killed in the Battle of Badr were thrown) and said, "Have you found true what your Lord promised you?" Somebody said to him, "You are addressing dead people." He replied, "You do not hear better than they but they cannot reply." [al-Bukhari (1370) and Muslim (2874)]

The Shi'ites said that Ali captured the Shaytan
- but Ali let him go because he said to Ali ‘I love you’

We must love Shaytaan cause he is a believer:

- they do not realise if a shaytan loves someone, that person is not good
- an ayatollah was insulting the Sahabah, but they found gay porn in his laptop
- so Allah destroyed him



وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا

And the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) will say: "O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur'an (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders). (Al-Furqan 25:30)
- the rasul (SAW) is concerned about this Ummah
- so he complained to Allah, about his Ummah abandoning his laws and teachings

How many of you while on a journey will listen to Qur'an or music?
- what would you listen to?

Yazid ibn Yabnus said, "We went to 'A'isha and said, 'Umm al-Mu'minin, what was the character of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), like?' She replied, 'His character was the Qur'an. Can you recite the sura entitled "The Believers"?' She said, 'Recite: "It is the believers who are successful: those who are humble in their prayer; those who turn away from worthless talk; those who actively pay zakat; those who guard their private parts." (23:1-5)' She said, 'That was the character of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).'" [al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari, No. 308]

- Muhammad was the walking Qur'an, are you?
- or you backbite, slander people and do tale bearing?

It is reported from Hudhaifa that news reached him (the Holy Prophet) that a certain man carried tales. Upon this Hudhaifa remarked: I heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) saying: "The tale-bearer shall not enter Paradise." [al-Bukhari (6056) and Muslim (189)]

How many of you will borrow money and put it in writing?
- the longest ayah in the Qur'an is about money
- this is because people kill each other for money everyday

Abu Huraira narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “The one who gets married with the intention not to pay dowry to his wife is a fornicator. And the one who borrows money with the intention not to pay back is a thief.” [Ibn Hibban in ‘al-Majruheen’ (2/261) No. 941]

Suhaib al-Khair narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Any man who takes out a loan, having resolved not to pay it back, will meet Allah as a thief." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/486) No. 2410]

- He does not want to write it down because he does not want to pay it back
- Surah 2:282 is the ayah

O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. Let a scribe write it down in justice between you. Let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. Let him (the debtor) who incurs the liability dictate, and he must fear Allah, his Lord, and diminish not anything of what he owes. But if the debtor is of poor understanding, or weak, or is unable himself to dictate, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). You should not become weary to write it (your contract), whether it be small or big, for its fixed term, that is more just with Allah; more solid as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves, save when it is a present trade which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract. Let neither scribe nor witness suffer any harm, but if you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything. (Al-Baqarah 2:282)


وَكَذَلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا مِنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ وَكَفَى بِرَبِّكَ هَادِيًا وَنَصِيرًا

Thus have We made for every Prophet an enemy among the Mujrimûn (disbelievers, polytheists, criminals, etc.). But Sufficient is your Lord as a Guide and Helper. (Al-Furqan 25:31)
Every prophet had an enemy
- but Allah is sufficient for them as a Helper
- Musa (AS) had Qarun as his enemy
- but Allah helped Musa against him and Allah made the earth swallow him
- Allah said;

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. (Tafseer Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 67) (Al-An'am 6:112)

- this ayah resembles the ayah above
- the prophet had Abu Jahl as his enemy, but he died as a dog at Badr
- and Abu Sufyan became the leader and he embraced Islam