Saturday, September 1, 2012

-340- Tafseer Surah Ahzab (Part 1)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

06.13.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES types by AT-21 and AT-42
Edited and Formatted by AT-5 and maryamashlie


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

- the name of this Surah is SURAH AHZAB, this is a big clue
- this Surah was revealed in Madina
- because the battle of Ahzab was in Madina


يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ اتَّقِ اللَّهَ وَلَا تُطِعِ الْكَافِرِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Keep your duty to Allah, and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e., do not follow their advices). Verily! Allah is Ever All­Knower, All­Wise. (Al-Ahzab 33:1)

- there is another ayah that resembles this ayah in the Quran, that is Surah 3:118

O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. (Aali Imran 3:118)

The Quran does not checkmate the Quran, rather it resembles other ayahs
- the person that translated this ayah forget one group to mention, that is the murtads
- also he forget to mention the Zindeeqs
- an example of zindeeqs, are people like Louis Farrakhan
- the Qadiyaanis are also Zindeeqs
- a Twelver is a kaafir

When Allah told the Prophet (SAW) in Surah Ahzab
- O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Keep your duty to Allâh, and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites
- this is not just for the prophet, the people of tafseer will tell you this is for the whole ummah
- you cannot use a kaafir as your consultants
- Allah meant in this ayah, that you must not take them as consultant regarding your deen
- you can take them as consultant for dunya matters and ONLY IF THEY ARE just towards Islam
- your allowed to take a deviant as your consultant in deen affairs
- such as Salah Uddin Ayyubi was a Ashaa'ira
- it is impossible to find the whole army to be Ahlul Sunnah wal Jammah
- such as like when the Arabs went to Afghanistan the mujahideen there some were Ashaa'iras
- but the Arabs did not turn back
- the Taliban changed their aqeedah, the Arabs were patient
- Allah told the Prophet (SAW) to fear Allah
- to tell a Muslim Itaqillah (fear Allah) this is the best advice you can give
- the Sahabas when they used to go on a journey together they used to say itaqillah
- nowadays if you tell a Muslim to fear Allah they will get insulted
- they will question and think you are a sinner

Sufyan Ath-Thawri from Abdur Rahman Bin Abbas said Ayas Abu Yahya related to me from Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA) he used to say in his sermon the best provision is piety and the peak of wisdom is to fear Allah. [Bayhaqi in Sha'ab al Imaan (1/470) and Sunan al-Kubra]

On the authority of Suhail bin Abi Saleh from his father: ‘A man once asked Abu Hurayrah (RA), ‘What is al-taqwa?” He replied, “Have you ever taken a path filled with thorns?” The man replied, “I have.” Abu Hurayrah asked him, “What did you do?” He replied, “When I saw a thorn I would dodge it or pass over it or behind it.” Abu Hurayrah said, “That is al-taqwa.”’ [al-Zuhd al-Kabir al-Bayhaqi (350-351) No. 963]

- you must have taqwa, by fearing Allah and abstaining in what is haraam
- when you have taqwa it protects you from the temptations of the shaytaan
- all the scholars of tafseer said when Allah told the Prophet (SAW) to fear Allah
- and not to obey the disbelievers and munafiqeen
- this is for the WHOLE UMMAH

O you who believe! Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. (Aali Imran 3:118)

- also in surah 3:118 Allah told us not to take as our bitanah
- the Jews, Christians, pagans and such (the disbelievers)

Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikun (see V.2:105), and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: "We are Christians." That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. (Al-Ma'idah 5:82)

- Allah told us that the Jews and Christians hate us the most, the idol worshippers
- Definition of Zindeeq = Heretic
- the caliph Mu'tasim had a twelver as his consultant
- Mus'tasim - appointed a Shia to be his advisor
- how can you obey the munafiqeen? they are in the bottom of the hell fire

Verily, the hyprocrites will be in the lowest depths (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them. (An-Nisa 4:145)


وَاتَّبِعْ مَا يُوحَى إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا

And follow that which is inspired in you from your Lord. Verily, Allah is Well­Acquainted with what you do. (Al-Ahzab 33:2)

The Sunnah is Wahi (revelation)
- the Sunnah has the same power to make compulsory on you like the Quran
- the Sunnah has the power to make things haraam on you
- Allah said in Surah 53:3-4

Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. (An-Najm 53:3)

It is only an Inspiration that is inspired. (An-Najm 53:4)

- this surah 53, is telling us the sunnah is revelation

Abu Musa Ash’ari reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Wearing silk and gold is forbidden to the men of my Ummah. But (they are) allowed to their women.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/217) No. 1720, Sunan An-Nasa'i (8/161) 5148]

Reported by 'Ali (RA) the Prophet (SAW) took some silk in his right hand and some gold in his left hand and then he said, "These two are haram for the males among my followers." [Abu Dawud (4/50) No. 4057, An-Nasa'i (8/160) 5144, Ibn Majah (4/594) No. 3595), Ahmad (1/115) No. 935]

- so the Sunnah has the same power on us like the Quran
- it can make things haraam and halaal for us
- so when the prophet (SAW) told us gold is haraam for men
- he (SAW) was not talking from his hawah

- so the Parvezi (the Sunnah rejecters)
- they claim they believe in Quran and not in Sunnah
- they are out of the fold of Islam

It was narrated from al-Diya’ from Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allah (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: “The month of Ramadan is suspended between heaven and earth and is not taken up to Allah except by zakat al-fitr.” [at-Targhib wat-Tarhib al-Mundhiri (2/97) No. 1653, al-Jami' al-Saghir al-Suyuti (No. 7156), classified Daeef by Albani in Silsilah-Daeefah (No. 43)]


- you are not allowed to believe in Quran and not Sunnah or vice-versa
- how did you find out how to pray your Salah and how many rakah your Salah is?
- how do you know? these things are not to be found in the Quran
- these are only found in the Sunnah
- a Zindeeq is a person who has made up their own religion
- they are worst than the kaafir, so the Parvezi's are Zindeeqs


وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلًا

And put your trust in Allah, and Sufficient is Allah as a Wakil (Trustee, or Disposer of affairs). (Al-Ahzab 33:3)

- Ayah 3 is similar to Surah 3:173

Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, "Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them." But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: "Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)." (Aali Imran 3:173)

- every ayah of this Surah, Shaikh can match it with another ayah
- because the Quran resembles other ayahs in the Quran
- Surah 3:173 was regarding the battle of Uhud, a believer always puts his trust in Allah
- however when you put your trust in Allah, you must tie your camel, take precautions
- do not travel to different cities and not have a spare tyre and say 'you put your trust in Allah'
- this is not trust, but stupidity

Anas ibn Malik reported that someone asked, “O Messenger of Allah, shall I tether it and trust in Allah or untie it and place trust in Allah?” He said, “Tie it and trust in Allah." [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/668) No. 2517, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/510) No. 731, Shu'ab al-Iman al-Bayhaqi (2/428) No. 1161]


مَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ قَلْبَيْنِ فِي جَوْفِهِ وَمَا جَعَلَ أَزْوَاجَكُمُ اللَّائِي تُظَاهِرُونَ مِنْهُنَّ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ أَدْعِيَاءَكُمْ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ ذَلِكُمْ قَوْلُكُمْ بِأَفْوَاهِكُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَقُولُ الْحَقَّ وَهُوَ يَهْدِي السَّبِيلَ

Allah has not put for any man two hearts inside his body. Neither has He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real mothers. [Az­Zihar is the saying of a husband to his wife, "You are to me like the back of my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to approach.], nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. That is but your saying with your mouths. But Allah says the truth, and He guides to the (Right) Way. (Al-Ahzab 33:4)

- Allah Ta'ala said he did not put 2 hearts in our hearts
- so you cannot serve two masters
- you cannot love Allah and love iblis at the same time
- you cannot have 2 Qiblas
- there is 2 Qiblas the Ka’bah; in Makkah and the White House in America
- you cannot love both
- you either love the Qiblah of Allah or the Qiblah of the shaytaan which is the White House

- there is a jihad taking place in Afghanistan
- are you with the crusaders or the mujahideen? where is your alliance?
- because Allah told us in Surah Ahzab that you cannot have 2 hearts
- where is your attraction?
- you cannot be attracted to men and women
- you cannot be in this religion
- you must be sure where your allegiance lies
- either with the Muslims or the kuffaar

Narrated by An-Nu'man bin Bashir: The Prophet (SAW) said: “The likeness of the believers in their mutual love, mercy and compassion is that of one body; when one part of it suffers, the rest of the body joins it in staying awake and suffering fever.” [al-Bukhari (6011) and Muslim (2586)]

Narrated By Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other." While (saying that) the Prophet clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers. [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 8, Hadith #468]


- you cannot be confused about what you are attracted to; female/male
- you cannot be confused about your spirituality
- you cannot be confused about your identity/sexuality
- you have to be firm because Allah said 'HE DID NOT PUT 2 HEARTS IN ONE MAN'
- so Allah gave us one heart WE CANNOT BE CONFUSED
- the kuffaar are confused
- they say; 'we do not know if we are a man or a woman'
- they say; 'we do not know what religion we are'
- they make many excuses and are just

- you must be firm regarding your deen
- there are people that come into Islam with dreadlocks
- so when Allah told us that He did not put 2 hearts in our hearts
- this means we must be firm
- 'Neither has He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real mothers.'
- the reason why Allah said this:

… Neither has He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real mothers. [Az¬Zihar is the saying of a husband to his wife, "You are to me like the back of my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to approach.],..

- there was a woman called Khawla bint Tha'laba
- her husband named 'Aus bin as-Samit told her that he would never have intercourse with her

Khuwaylah bint Tha'labah said, "By Allah! Allah sent down the beginning of Surat Al-Mujadilah in connection with me and 'Aws bin As-Samit. He was my husband and had grown old and difficult. One day, he came to me and I argued with him about something and he said, out of anger, 'You are like my mother's back to me.' He went out and sat with some of his people. Then he came back and wanted to have sexual intercourse with me. I said, 'No, by the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Khuwaylah! You will not have your way with me after you said what you said, until Allah and His Messenger issue judgement about our case.' He wanted to have his way regardless of my choice and I pushed him away from me; he was an old man.' I next went to one of my neighbors and borrowed a garment from her and went to the Messenger of Allah. I told him what happened and kept complaining to him of the ill treatment I received from 'Aws. He said, "O Khuwaylah! Your cousin is an old man, so have Taqwa of Allah regarding him." By Allah! Before I departed, parts of the Qur'an were revealed about me. Allah's Messenger felt the hardship upon receiving the revelation as he usually did and then became relieved. He said to me, "O Khuwaylah! Allah has revealed something about you and your spouse." He recited to me, [Indeed Allah has heard the statement of her that disputes with you concerning her husband, and complains to Allah. And Allah hears the argument between you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Al-Mujadilah 58:1)], until, [And for disbelievers, there is a painful torment. (Al-Baqarah 2:104)] He then said to me, "Command him to free a slave." I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! He does not have any to free.' He said, "Let him fast for two consecutive months." I said, 'By Allah! He is an old man and cannot fast.' He said, "Let him feed sixty poor people a Wasq of dates." I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, he does not have any of that.' He said, "We will help him with a basket of dates." I said, 'And I, O Allah's Messenger! I will help him with another.' He said, "You have done a righteously good thing. So go and give away the dates on his behalf and take care of your cousin." I did that.''' [Musnad Ahmad (6/410) No. 27360]

- he made it haraam for himself, this is called zihar
- this statement that he made was wrong
- What is zihar? when a man gets angry and says 'you are like the back of my mother'
- this means that he will not have intercourse with her again, this statement is wrong
- and you must pay an expedition for this
- Allah mentioned this in Surah 58:2-3 also not just in Surah Ahzab
- this is an Arab practise

Indeed Allah has heard the statement of her (Khaulah bint Tha'labah) that disputes with you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning her husband (Aus bin As­Samit), and complains to Allah. And Allah hears the argument between you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Al-Mujadilah 58:1)

Those among you who make their wives unlawful (Az-Zihar) to them by saying to them "You are like my mother's back." They cannot be their mothers. None can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And verily, they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (Al-Mujadilah 58:2)

And those who make unlawful to them (their wives) (by Az-Zihar) and wish to free themselves from what they uttered, (the penalty) in that case (is) the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. That is an admonition to you (so that you may not return to such an ill thing). And Allah is All-Aware of what you do. (Al-Mujadilah 58:3)

And he who finds not (the money for freeing a slave) must fast two successive months before they both touch each other. And for him who is unable to do so, he should feed sixty of Miskin (poor). That is in order that you may have perfect Faith in Allah and His Messenger. These are the limits set by Allah. And for disbelievers, there is a painful torment. (Al-Mujadilah 58:4)

- only the lady who gave birth to you can be your biological mother
- so you must free a slave, or fast 2 months or feed 60 people
- if you make the statement of Zihar
- so Surah Ahzab touches the problem of Zihar
- because it was a problem during the time of the prophet (SAW)

- why did Allah say 'nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons.'?
- this ayah came down for Zaid ibn Haritha
- he was the adopted son of the prophet (SAW)
- the Sahabah used to call him Zaid ibn Muhammad
- everyone used to call him that

Ibn Umar (RA) said, “We used to call Zayd ibn Harithah, Zayd ibn Muhammad till the Qur’an was revealed: "Call them by (the names of) their fathers: that is more equitable in the sight of Allah." (33:5) [al-Bukhari (4782) and Muslim (2425)]

- that was the custom of the Arabs
- the man who adopted the children the owner takes the name
- but this is not lawful
- because Allah said so in Surah Ahzab: 4
- it was only due to culture people used to do this


ادْعُوهُمْ لِآبَائِهِمْ هُوَ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا آبَاءَهُمْ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَمَوَالِيكُمْ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا أَخْطَأْتُمْ بِهِ وَلَكِنْ مَا تَعَمَّدَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا

Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allah. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your brothers in faith and Mawalikum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allah is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al-Ahzab 33:5)

- call him Zaid ibn Haritha because Haritha is his father’s name
- do not call him Zaid ibn Muhammad
- because Muhammad (SAW) was not his biological father
- only the biological father has the right that the child takes his name
- you oppress the father if someone else takes the title of father
- and gives their name to their child, this is wrong
- but if you do not know the name of the father call them your brother in faith

It was narrated from Abu Dharr (RA) that he heard the Prophet (SAW) say: “There is no man who knowingly calls himself after someone other than his father but he has committed kufr. Whoever claims to belong to people to whom he has no ties of blood, let him take his place in Hell.” [al-Bukhari (3308) Muslim (61)]

- if you want a boy to be your son he must be suckled
- and he must be under 2 years old

On the authority of Ibn Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Suckling establishes Tahrim only within the (first) two years." [Sunan al-Daraqutni (5/307) No. 4364]

Umm Salamah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger said, Suckling does not make (marriage) unlawful unless it (the milk) enters the belly and is from the breasts: and it is before Fitam (before weaning, i.e., before the end of the first two years). [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/450) No. 1152]

Yahya related to me from Malik from Thawr ibn Zayd ad-Dili that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "The milk which a child under two years old sucks, even if it is only one suck, makes the foster relatives haram." [Muwatta Malik (2/7) No. 1738]

- there is a misconception that a grown man with a beard can be suckled
- if you want to take your hijab off in front of him; this cannot be right
- which Muslim man is such a dayouth that he will let his wife suckle another man?
- unless you want widespread bloodshed you can pass this fatawa
- which Muslim man on this earth would let another man (non-mahram) be alone with his wife?
- this is a dodgy fatwa, they use the hadith about Abu Hudhaifa being jealous about his wife a slave boy

Imam Abu al-Abbas al-Qurtubi (rh) states that all of the Prophets wives with the exception of Aisha (Allah be pleased with them all) considered this to be a special dispensation, and this is the view taken by the majority of early (salaf) and late (khalaf) scholars. They considered the Hadith to be specific with Salim and Sahla, and are of the opinion that it is not permitted for an adult to drink breast-milk. If an adult did drink breast-milk, it will be of no consequence with regards to marriage and the rules of Hijab. [al-Mufhim (4/186-187) & Ila al-Sunan (11/119)]

Umm Salama, the wife of Allah's Apostle (SAW), used to say that all wives of Allah's Apostle (SAW) disclaimed the idea that one with this type of fosterage (having been suckled after the proper period) should come to them. and said to 'A'isha: By Allah, we do not find this but a sort of concession given by Allah's Messenger (SAW) only for Salim, and no one was going to be allowed to enter (our houses) with this type of fosterage and we do not subscribe to this view. [Sahih Muslim (2/1078) No. 1454]

Ibn Kathir said: “Aishah thought that if a woman gives her milk to an older person (meaning beyond the age of two years) then this will establish Tahrim. This is also the opinion of Ata bin Abu Rabah and Layth bin Sa`d. Hence, Aishah thought that it is permissible to suckle the man whom the woman needs to be allowed in her house. She used as evidence the Hadith of Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah, where the Prophet ordered Abu Hudhayfah's wife to give some of her milk to Salim, although he was a man, and ever since then, he used to enter her house freely. However, the rest of the Prophet's wives did not agree with this opinion and thought that this was only a special case. This is also the opinion of the majority of the scholars.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (1/634)]

- adoption is allowed in Islam, but he cannot take your name
- nor can he inherit your property like your biological son

And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Harithah the freed­slave of the Prophet SAW) on whom Allah has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you (O Muhammad SAW too) have done favour (by manumitting him) "Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah." But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allah's Command must be fulfilled. (Al-Ahzab 33:37)

- Allah told us in Surah 33:37
- married women do NOT take on the name of their husbands
- wives in Islam are amaana (trust)
- the wife you have belongs to Allah, she is the property of Allah
- your wife is a trust for you to look after
- whether the marriage lasts 10 or 20years this is an amaana
- and if you are kind to her and pamper her, then you pass
- but in the west they call their wives by their name, this is not from Islam
- because Allah said call them by their fathers name
- but in darul harb and your wife had to take the name of her husband there is nothing wrong with this
- because she was under the system
- but if she is in darul Islam she would not do this, she would take her father's name
- the women are not your property, they are an amaana
- that is why they are called amatullah, they slaves of Allah
- Muslim women are not allowed to take their husband name this is jahaala
- but if she is in the west and she has to, she has not done anything wrong

- what is the common mistake people make in ayah 5?
- you think something is halal and it is haram, this is the mistake

When Umar (RA) was the caliph a women slept with her slave boy
- even though she was married, Umar wanted to punish her
- when Umar asked her she said she thought her slave boy was her right hand possessed
- she interpreted it wrong, so he realised she was jahil
- see 23:5-7

And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts) (Al-Mu'minun 23:5)

Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; (Al-Mu'minun 23:6)

But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; (Al-Mu'minun 23:7)

- she thought that men are allowed to go sleep with their right hand possessed
- so she thought it was ok for women
- the reason why Umar did not punish her
- because he was acting upon the ayah in Surah Ahzab
- he was acting upon

…And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allah is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al-Ahzab 33:5)

- look how merciful Islamic Shariah is, when the lady slept with her slave boy
- and she gave the excuse of she thought it was allowed to sleep with him
- ignorance was an excuse and she did not get stoned to death
- but you see in the kuffaar law that if you done something out of ignorance
- you get punished, they are khawaarij and they are not merciful
- they claim Shariah are barbaric, but they are barbaric
- they are extreme, and they follow the shaytan

- some people are not held accountable for the haraam they did
- the prophet (SAW) said:

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Verily Allah has pardoned [or been lenient with] for me my Ummah : their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and that which they have been forced to do under duress." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/200) No. 2045, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (11/133) No. 11274, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (7/584) No. 15094, Sunan al-Daraqutni (5/300) No. 4351]

- so if you missed Asr out of forgetfulness Allah will not dump you in the hellfire
- look how merciful Allah is
- and also if you are under duress and you do something haraam
- you will not get punished for it, ikraah is when your life is under threat
- if a person held a gun at your head and told you
- 'say Muhammad is a fake prophet', you can say this
- but some of you are thinking, you want to be like Bilal (RA)
- you would rather die; than say this
- let the kaafir shoot me and I will be in the bellies of green birds
- but do not forget the story of Ammar ibn Yasir (RA)
- the kuffaar killed his mother; Summayah (RA)

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment. (An-Nahl 16:106)

- 16:106 came down for Ammar ibn Yasir, his tongue tricked the kuffaar
- and this ayah came down to tell the prophet that Ammar was still a believer
- so in Islam there is a concept called ikraah
- Allah told us in Surah Ahzab if we make a mistake we will not be held accountable
- but if we done something deliberately we will be punished
- what is a mistake? something disobeying Allah


Ali reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "The pen has been raised for three persons (meaning they are not held accountable for what they do): one who is sleeping until he gets up, a child until he reaches the age of puberty, and an insane person until he becomes sane." [Musnad Ahmad (1/154) No. 1327, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/140) No. 4402, Sunan Timidhi (4/32) No. 1423, Sunan Ibn Majah (3/198) No. 2041, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (5/265) No. 5596, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/67) No. 2350]

- even though a child is not held accountable you must give them tarbiyah
- 7 years of age is the most crucial age of a child
- you must teach them how to pray and separate them from the beds

Amr ibn Shu’ayb from his father that his grandfather said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Teach your children to pray when they are seven years old, and smack them if they do not pray when they are ten years old, and separate them in their beds.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/133) No. 495 and Musnad Ahmad (2/180) No. 6689]

- if made a slipped of the tongue, it is not a sin
- such as the story of the man and the camel
- when he said 'O Allah I am your master and You are my servant'

Abu Hamza Anas ibn Malik al-Ansari (RA) the servant of the Messenger of Allah narrated: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Verily, Allah is more delighted with the repentance of His slave than a person who lost his camel in a desert land and then finds it (unexpectedly).” [al-Bukhari (6308) and Muslim (2747)]

In another version of Muslim, he said:“Verily, Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His slave than a person who has his camel in a waterless desert carrying his provision of food and drink and it is lost. He, having lost all hopes (to get that back), lies down in shade and is disappointed about his camel; when all of a sudden he finds that camel standing before him. He takes hold of its reins and then out of boundless joy blurts out: 'O Allah, You are my slave and I am Your Rubb'. He commits this mistake out of extreme joy.” [Sahih Muslim (4/2104) No. 2747]

- you cannot make takfeer on him because it was a slip on the tongue
- there is a thing called impediment of takfeer, if the kufr is hidden
- you cannot make takfeer on the person
- such as when a person drops a piece of paper in the ballot box
- they do not know it is haraam
- millions of Muslims around the world believe in communism
- even though it is the religion of the Satan
- today millions of Muslims believe in democracy
- because the ‘super power’ of the world; America
- even though democracy is the religion of the satan
- Allah told us: 9:14

Fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a believing people, (At-Tawbah 9:14)

- why did Allah say this in the ayah 9:14?
- because if you do not disgrace kufr, the Muslims will apostate and become kuffaar
- in the 1970's when communism was in its hay days
- many countries like Afghanistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan etc they became communist
- until the mujahideen came and smashed the ideology of communism
- the hujjah has been established 'la ilaha illal la' is the hujjah
- any man who does not know the meaning of his Shahadah is a kaafir
- and the very 1st condition of the Shahadah is to know the meaning of the Shahadah

Shaikh Faisal - 7 Conditions of Shahadah: