Saturday, September 1, 2012

-341- Tafseer Surah Ahzab (Part 2)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

06.14.2012 (Evening Dars)

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NOTES typed LIVE by AT-21, AT-42 and AT-38
Edited and Formatted by AT-5 and AT-10


SURAH AZHAB was revealed in Madinah


النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ وَأُولُو الْأَرْحَامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلَى بِبَعْضٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ إِلَّا أَنْ تَفْعَلُوا إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِكُمْ مَعْرُوفًا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَسْطُورًا

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage). And blood relations among each other have closer personal ties in the Decree of Allāh (regarding inheritance) than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the Muhajirûn (emigrants from Makkah, etc.), except that you do kindness to those brothers (when the Prophet SAW joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the (Allāh's Book of Divine) Decrees (Al­Lauh Al­Mahfûz)." (Al-Ahzab 33:6)

33:6 means we are to love the Rasool (pbuh) more than our family

It was narrated that Anas said: The Prophet (SAW) said: “No one of you truly believes until I am dearer to him than his father, his son, his own self and all the people.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari (15) and Muslim (44)]

Narrated By 'Abdullah bin Hisham: We were with the Prophet and he was holding the hand of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab. 'Umar said to Him, "O Allah's Apostle! You are dearer to me than everything except my own self." The Prophet said, "No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, (you will not have complete faith) till I am dearer to you than your own self." Then 'Umar said to him, "However, now, by Allah, you are dearer to me than my own self." The Prophet said, "Now, O 'Umar, (now you are a believer)." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 78, Hadith #628]

- when Umar (RA) said you are closer to me than myself,
- the prophet (SAW) said you are not a true believer until you love me more than yourself
- we are not true believers if we do not love the Rasool (SAW) more than anyone
- Umar was given the excuse of ignorance
- the Rasool (SAW) did not make takfeer on Umar

- when Ali slept in the bed of the prophet for the prophet to migrate
- from Makkah to Madinah, Ali could have been killed, but Ali was a sincere believer
- he sacrificed his life for the prophet
- when you are a sincere believer you will put your life on the line for the Prophet (SAW)

- when the Prophet died he left behind 9 wives
- they were not allowed to get married after the death of the prophet
- even though they were young
- because it is not permissible for you to marry your own mother
- because the wives of the prophets are our mothers
- Allah said in the same ayah (ayah 6) in the early days of Islam,
- the Prophet (SAW) made bondship/brothership with the Ansaar and Muhajirûn
- to the extent that they would let them inherit their properties
- but this was then abrogated
- a Muslim from Makkah was hooked up with the Muslims in Madinah
- they were so close, the brotherhood was so tight
- to the extent they would give their wives and properties to each other

Narrated Ibrahim bin Sa`d from his father from his grandfather: `Abdur Rahman bin `Auf said, "When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah's Apostle established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi`. Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi` said (to me), 'I am the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.' `Abdur-Rahman replied, "I am not in need of all that. Is there any marketplace where trade is practiced?' He replied, "The market of Qainuqa." `Abdur- Rahman went to that market the following day and brought some dried buttermilk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, `Abdur-Rahman came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah's Apostle asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, 'Whom have you married?' He replied, 'A woman from the Ansar.' Then the Prophet asked, 'How much did you pay her?' He replied, '(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet said, 'Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .'" [Sahih Bukhari (3/52) No. 2048]

…And blood relations among each other have closer personal ties in the Decree of Allāh (regarding inheritance) than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the Muhajirûn (emigrants from Makkah, etc.), except that you do kindness to those brothers (when the Prophet SAW joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the (Allāh's Book of Divine) Decrees (Al­Lauh Al­Mahfûz)." (Al-Ahzab 33:6)


وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِيثَاقَهُمْ وَمِنْكَ وَمِنْ نُوحٍ وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا

And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad SAW), and from Nûh (Noah), Ibrāhim (Abraham), Mûsa (Moses), and 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant. (Al-Ahzab 33:7)

- Allah took a covenant from the prophets
- Allah told us: 3:81

And (remember) when Allāh took the Covenant of the Prophets, saying: "Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah (understanding of the Laws of Allāh, etc.), and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him.Allāh said: "Do you agree (to it) and will you take up My Covenant (which I conclude with you)?" They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses (for this)." (Aali Imran 3:81)

- the covenant Allah took from the prophets is that they describe the prophet Muhammad
- and the prophets would tell their Ummah about it
- this is the same covenant Allah is talking about in Surah Ahzab:6


Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The Hour will not begin until the son of Maryam descends among you as a just ruler. He will break the cross, kill the pigs and abolish the jizyah, and money will become abundant until no one will accept it.” [al-Bukhari (2222) and Muslim (155)]

...Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it. Every non-believer who would smell the odour of his self would die and his breath would reach as far as he would be able to see. He would then search for him (Dajjal) until he would catch hold of him at the gate of Ludd and would kill him. Then a people whom Allah had protected would come to Jesus, son of Mary, and he would wipe their faces and would inform them of their ranks in Paradise and it would be under such conditions that Allah would reveal to Jesus these words: I have brought forth from amongst My servants such people against whom none would be able to fight; you take these people safely to Tur, and then Allah would send Gog and Magog and they would swarm down from every slope. The first of them would pass the lake of Tibering and drink out of it. And when the last of them would pass, he would say: There was once water there. Jesus and his companions would then be besieged here (at Tur, and they would be so much hard pressed) that the head of the ox would be dearer to them than one hundred dinirs and Allah's Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would supplicate Allah, Who would send to them insects (which would attack their necks) and in the morning they would perish like one single person. Allah's Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would then come down to the earth and they would not find in the earth as much space as a single span which is not filled with their putrefaction and stench. Allah's Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would then again beseech Allah, Who would send birds whose necks would be like those of camels and they would carry them and throw them where God would will. Then Allah would send rain which no house of clay or (the tent of) camels' hairs would keep out and it would wash away the earth until it could appear to be a mirror... [Sahih Muslim, Book 41, Hadith #7015]

- because of this Allah said in 2:146

Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him (Muhammad or the Ka'bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. (Al-Baqarah 2:146)
- the reasons why the Jews and Christians can recognise
- the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) like their sons
- because he was mentioned in their books

Those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikûn, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence. (Al-Baiyinah 98:1)
- Allah said that the Jews and Christians will never abandon their kufr
- until you bring the clear hujjah for them
- we spend a lot of time giving dawah to Christians
- but we do not do that with the Jews, we should give dawah to the Jews also
- but the Muslims give dawah to the Christians because their hearts are softer

- in this ayah Allah mentions five prophets
- Allah talks about the covenant that Allah took from all five anbiyah
- why did Allah single out these five prophets?
- because they were the five mighty prophets
- they did the most for tawheed
- Noah warned his people for 950 years, Abraham was thrown in the fire
- Musa spoke up to the Pharaoh
- Muhammad (SAW) was the most top of the prophets, then Abraham
- we know this from the durood sharif
- we mention the name of Abraham and Muhammad side by side, five times a day

That He may ask the truthfuls (Allāh's Messengers and His Prophets) about their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allāh's Message that which they were charged with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment (Hell-fire). (Al-Ahzab 33:8)
- the scholars agree, amongst them selves that after Muhammad
- Abraham is the greatest prophet

لِيَسْأَلَ الصَّادِقِينَ عَنْ صِدْقِهِمْ وَأَعَدَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا

That He may ask the truthfuls (Allāh's Messengers and His Prophets) about their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allāh's Message that which they were charged with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment (Hell-fire). (Al-Ahzab 33:8)

- Allah will ask on judgement day, even the Prophets
- did you deliver the message?
- the people will deny, and the Prophets will say; ‘yes we did’
- the ummah of Noah will be found guilty of denying the message of Noah
- on judgement day the people will lie, and say their prophets did not stop them
- they do not want to be thrown in the hell-fire

Allah said 2:143

....except for those whom Allāh guided. And Allāh would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allāh is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. (Al-Baqarah 2:143)

- so Allah will ask ALL THE PROPHETS, did you deliver the message?
- they will say: ‘Yes’
- and the ummah of Muhammad will testify for them against their people


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَاءَتْكُمْ جُنُودٌ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا وَجُنُودًا لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرًا

O you who believe! Remember Allāh's Favour to you, when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you saw not [i.e. troops of angels during the battle of Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates)]. And Allāh is Ever All­Seer of what you do. (Al-Ahzab 33:9)

- the battle of the Ahzab took place 5 years after the hijrah
- Allah is talking about the mighty host
- Abu Sufyan was the commander in chief
- Allah did not want the Muslims to fight in a battle that was 10,000 strong
- so Allah sent a mighty wind

- this battle has two names
- battle of the ditch (al-Khandaq)
- or battle of the allied forces (al-Ahzab)

- Allah says that He sent them wind and troops from the heaven
- that they did not see, they were angels
- Allah will send angels, to help you fight, if you fight the Jews and Christians today
- so do not think Allah will not send the angels, He will send them to help you
- as long you are sincere, but if you are fighting for democracy, He will not


إِذْ جَاءُوكُمْ مِنْ فَوْقِكُمْ وَمِنْ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ وَإِذْ زَاغَتِ الْأَبْصَارُ وَبَلَغَتِ الْقُلُوبُ الْحَنَاجِرَ وَتَظُنُّونَ بِاللَّهِ الظُّنُونَا

When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harbouring doubts about Allāh. (Al-Ahzab 33:10)

- ‘FROM BELOW YOU’ means the Jewish tribe of banu Quraidah
- ‘FROM ABOVE YOU’ means the Kufaar of Quraysh
- the army of Quraysh came with 10,000

Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! the truth is most of them believe not. (Al-Baqarah 2:100)

- in ayah 2:100 Allah tells us the Jews break all covenants
- the battle of Ahzab was expected, the Jews were acting according to their nature
- likewise if a dog barks it is acting according to its nature
- so if a Jew breaks his covenant we know this is from their nature because of (2:100)
- Banu Quraidah had 800 fighting men
- and Abu Sufyan had 10,000 men strong
- and the Muslims had 3,000
- Allah said ‘BELOW YOU’ because,
- they are under your feet i.e. close to you, living next to you

- and the Muslims eyes grew wide and the hearts came to their throats
- and they were harbouring doubts about Allah
- they thought they were going to be finished
- they thought Allah was going to abandon them
- the Muslims were thinking that Banu Quraidah were taking sides with Quraysh
- and they were going to be finished, but Allah did not abandon them
- Allah sent angels and a mighty wind
- so how can you have doubts towards Allah

(when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harboring doubts about Allah.) "The believers had all kinds of doubts, and hypocrisy emerged to such an extent that Mu'attib bin Qushayr, the brother of Banu Amr bin Awf said: Muhammad was promising us that we would win the treasure of Chosroes and Caesar, but one of us cannot even go and relieve himself.' [Tafseer al-Tabari (20/218) and Tafseer Ibn Katheer (6/388)]


هُنَالِكَ ابْتُلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَزُلْزِلُوا زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا

There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking. (Al-Ahzab 33:11)


وَإِذْ يَقُولُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا

And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubts) said: "Allāh and His Messenger (SAW) promised us nothing but delusions!" (Al-Ahzab 33:12)

- why did they say that Allah and His Messenger promised them nothing but delusion?
- delusion means false promise
- when they say Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion
- they meant that they cannot go to the bathroom without watching their backs
- at this battle, fighting did not take place

- a man came forward named Amr ibn Abdul wadd
- he came forward to fight the Muslims one-to-one
- no Sahabas came forward, the Prophet (SAW) told Ali to go forward, so Ali did
- and then Amr said, how can I fight you? I saw you as a toddler.
- ‘I do not want to kill you’, he wanted to fight someone else
- that he did not see grow up and what did Ali (RA) say? 'wallahi I want to kill you'
- Ali wanted to kill the man because the Prophet (SAW) put him forward
- all of Quraysh's food, water and tents got blown away
- Allah sent a wind which destroyed blew away everything

- the Jews broke their treaty against Muhammad (The Banu Quraidah)
- they were 800 men and that is why the Muslims got scared
- and thought Islam was finished
- but however Allah did not abandon them, but helped them


وَإِذْ قَالَتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ لَا مُقَامَ لَكُمْ فَارْجِعُوا وَيَسْتَأْذِنُ فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمُ النَّبِيَّ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ بُيُوتَنَا عَوْرَةٌ وَمَا هِيَ بِعَوْرَةٍ إِنْ يُرِيدُونَ إِلَّا فِرَارًا

And when a party of them said: "O people of Yathrib (Al­Madinah)! There is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore go back!" And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet (SAW) saying: "Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay not open. They but wished to flee. (Al-Ahzab 33:13)

- Madinah has the name Yathrib and Tayyibah
- also Tabah but they all mean Madinah

- "Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay not open"
- this is what the excuse they came and gave the Prophet (SAW)
- just to leave ribaat, this was just the excuse of the Muslims
- Allah told us that their homes were not left laid exposed
- this was just an excuse they made, they were saying they could not be a muraabit


وَلَوْ دُخِلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ أَقْطَارِهَا ثُمَّ سُئِلُوا الْفِتْنَةَ لَآتَوْهَا وَمَا تَلَبَّثُوا بِهَا إِلَّا يَسِيرًا

And if the enemy had entered from all sides (of the city), and they had been exhorted to Al­Fitnah (i.e. to renegade from Islām to polytheism) they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but little. (Al-Ahzab 33:14)


وَلَقَدْ كَانُوا عَاهَدُوا اللَّهَ مِنْ قَبْلُ لَا يُوَلُّونَ الْأَدْبَارَ وَكَانَ عَهْدُ اللَّهِ مَسْئُولًا

And indeed they had already made a covenant with Allāh not to turn their backs, and a covenant with Allāh must be answered for. (Al-Ahzab 33:15)


قُلْ لَنْ يَنْفَعَكُمُ الْفِرَارُ إِنْ فَرَرْتُمْ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ أَوِ الْقَتْلِ وَإِذًا لَا تُمَتَّعُونَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Say (O Muhammad SAW to these hypocrites who ask your permission to run away from you): "Flight will not avail you if you flee from death or killing, and then you will enjoy no more than a little while!" (Al-Ahzab 33:16)

Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (SAW), said, "Avoid the seven fatal sins." They said, "Messenger of Allah, what are they?" He said, "Associating with Allah, sorcery, killing a soul which Allah has forbidden, except by legal right, consuming usury, consuming the property of an orphan, fleeing on the day of battle and slandering unthinking chaste believing women." [al-Bukhari (2766) and Muslim (89)]

- they encouraged the Muslims to run away from the battlefield
- and this is among the 7 worst sins
- the Muslims ran away from the battlefield because they feared death
- history proves that when Muslims do jihad, a few die
- but if they abandon jihad many of them get killed (in millions)
- America, Russia, Serbia etc are killing us in the millions because we do not do jihad
- Baqarah 251 explains this

...And if Allāh did not check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief. But Allāh is full of Bounty to the 'Alamīn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Al-Baqarah 2:251)

- these people ran away from the battlefield
- but Allah asked them who is it that can save or harm them if Allah wants otherwise
- when you run away from the battlefield because you fear death
- but you will enjoy only for a little time

And no person can ever die except by Allāh's Leave and at an appointed term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful. (Aali Imran 3:145)

- Allah is saying your enjoyment in the dunya, it is only for a little
- because the kuffaar will come and kill you
- because you run away from the battlefield


قُلْ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَعْصِمُكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ سُوءًا أَوْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ رَحْمَةً وَلَا يَجِدُونَ لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا

Say: "Who is he who can protect you from Allāh if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you?" And they will not find, besides Allāh, for themselves any Walī (protector, supporter, etc.) or any helper. (Al-Ahzab 33:17)


قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الْمُعَوِّقِينَ مِنْكُمْ وَالْقَائِلِينَ لِإِخْوَانِهِمْ هَلُمَّ إِلَيْنَا وَلَا يَأْتُونَ الْبَأْسَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Allāh already knows those among you who keep back (men) from fighting in Allāh's Cause, and those who say to their brethren "Come here towards us," while they (themselves) come not to the battle except a little. (Al-Ahzab 33:18)

- Allah already knows those among you that stop other men from going to jihad
- some of you make a mistake telling some Shaikhs they want to go to jihad
- the Shaikhs might tell Scotland Yard and you will get caught
- some say you cannot do jihad, because we have a Covenant of Security
- but Allah says He Knows who these men are that stop others that want to go to jihad
- they are the cancers in the body of the ummah


أَشِحَّةً عَلَيْكُمْ فَإِذَا جَاءَ الْخَوْفُ رَأَيْتَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ تَدُورُ أَعْيُنُهُمْ كَالَّذِي يُغْشَى عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ الْخَوْفُ سَلَقُوكُمْ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ حِدَادٍ أَشِحَّةً عَلَى الْخَيْرِ أُولَئِكَ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا فَأَحْبَطَ اللَّهُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرًا

Being miserly towards you (as regards help and aid in Allāh's Cause). Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes revolving like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but when the fear departs, they will smite you with sharp tongues, miserly towards (spending anything in any) good (and only covetous of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore Allāh makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for Allāh. (Al-Ahzab 33:19)

- Allah uses a strong word in this ayah
- the person is tight and does not want to spend in the cause of Allah
- when the Tabuk expedition the munafiqoon did not want to donate anything
- the munafiqeen are tight and stingy
- look at the Christians with their false religion, they spend so much
- even the women, took of their jewellery and gave it to Bilal and donated

Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: I observed prayer with the Messenger of Allah on the Id day. He commenced with prayer before the sermon, without adhan or iqama. He then stood up leaning on Bilal and he commanded (them) to be on guard (against evil for the sake of) Allah and he exhorted (them) on obedience to Him, and he preached to the people and admonished them. He then walked on till he came to the women and preached to them and admonished them and encouraged them to give alms, for most of them are the fuel for Hell. A woman having a dark spot on her cheek stood up and said, "Why is it so, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "For you grumble often and show ingratitude to your spouses". And they began to give alms out of their ornaments such as their earrings and rings, which they threw in the cloak of Bilal. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith #1926]

- the munafiqoon do not hesitate to spend for their kufr, they spend millions
- sometimes they will come to the battlefield for the booty, they come for dunya
- the munafiqoon, said to the prophet (SAW) they wanted to go to khaybar
- the prophet (SAW) said only 1,400 who gave bayah to the prophet would go
- the munafiq only cares about their dunya

- we spoke about the Banu Quraidah that broke their covenant
- they were the first tribe to break their covenant
- some say it is a weak hadeeth
- ok, say its weak, they say this to put you on your guard
- till today the Jews cannot get over what happened
- well they broke their covenant
- they think that when the wind blew and everything went,
- the munafiqoon thought that, the enemies were on the outskirts of Madinah


يَحْسَبُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ لَمْ يَذْهَبُوا وَإِنْ يَأْتِ الْأَحْزَابُ يَوَدُّوا لَوْ أَنَّهُمْ بَادُونَ فِي الْأَعْرَابِ يَسْأَلُونَ عَنْ أَنْبَائِكُمْ وَلَوْ كَانُوا فِيكُمْ مَا قَاتَلُوا إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

They think that Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates) have not yet withdrawn, and if Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates) should come (again), they would wish they were in the deserts (wandering) among the bedouins, seeking news about you (from a far place); and if they (happen) to be among you, they would not fight but little. (Al-Ahzab 33:20)

- they thought the allied forces would come back to Madinah
- because it is not their aim and objective of the munafiqoon to fight
- they would rather hide and they would fight a little even if they were at the battle


لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

Indeed in the Messenger of Allāh (Muhammad SAW) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allāh and the Last Day and remembers Allāh much. (Al-Ahzab 33:21)
- here Allah ta'ala is talking about Muhammad's (SAW) character
- Allah talks about the same thing in another ayah

And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are on an exalted standard of character. (Al-Qalam 68:4)
- and also Aisha when she was asked about the character of Muhammad (SAW)
- she said, he was a walking Quran

Yazid ibn Yabnus said, "We went to 'A'isha and said, 'Umm al-Mu'minin, what was the character of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), like?' She replied, 'His character was the Qur'an. Can you recite the sura entitled "The Believers"?' She said, 'Recite: "It is the believers who are successful: those who are humble in their prayer; those who turn away from worthless talk; those who actively pay zakat; those who guard their private parts." (23:1-5)' She said, 'That was the character of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).'" [al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari, No. 308]

- Muhammad (SAW) was an army general, husband, arbitrator etc he was a lot of things
- Allah said in 3:121 that he left his house for battles

And (remember) when you (Muhammad SAW) left your household in the morning to post the believers at their stations for the battle (of Uhud). And Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Aali Imran 3:121)
But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad SAW) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. (An-Nisa 4:65)
- this ayah proves that Muhammad was just in arbitration, he was also a statesman
- he was also a Prophet, he was also an army general, also a husband
- which other prophet was all these things?

- Jesus (AS) was not married
- can you look at him and see how to look after your family and deal with a wife?
- the kuffaar said the greatest man of history was Muhammad (SAW)
- he was the only man in history who could combine politics and religion successfully

- when they, the kuffaar burnt the Quran
- do not think they did it just for the sake of it, they did it because they are jealous
- same for the cartoon pictures
- so Allah told us in Surah Ahzab:21

Indeed in the Messenger of Allāh (Muhammad SAW) you have a good example… (Al-Ahzab 33:21)

- so the kuffaar of Makkah when they wanted to make names about Muhammad
- they wanted to call him a poet
- but they realised that a poet does not practise what they preach
- so they could not agree, in their satanic council in how to attack the prophet's character
- you cannot tell Allah who to bless, with prophethood
- because Mughirah was jealous of the prophethood of Muhammad

But Allāh chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allāh is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)

- he Mughirah was in the council
- Muhammad was a father, prophet, messenger, army general
- statesman, law-giver and enforcer
- he had a comprehensive character


وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَانًا وَتَسْلِيمًا

And when the believers saw Al­Ahzāb (the Confederates), they said: "This is what Allāh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had promised us, and Allāh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allāh). (Al-Ahzab 33:22)

- unsuspecting Muslim - jahil who does not read Qur'an or Hadeeth
- Hizbut Tahrir says eeman is static (not goes up or down)

- 10,000 kuffaar came to fight the ummah
- the enemy came from above (Madinah) and beneath you (Quraysh)


Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allāh?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allāh is near! (Al-Baqarah 2:214)

- the promise from Allah 'tala to the believers