Saturday, September 8, 2012

-344- Tafseer Surah Ahzab (Part 5)

TAFSEER SURAH AHZAB (36-37)
THE STORY OF JULAYBIB
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

06.18.2012 (Evening Dars)


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NOTES typed LIVE by AT7 and AT21
Edited and Formatted by AT-5 and AT7

Bismillah…


AYAH 36

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُبِينًا

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allāh and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allāh and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Al-Ahzab 33:36)

Whenever you study tafseer there is a chapter called asbab an nuzool
- which means the ‘reason for revelation’
- so the reason for reveling this ayah was

Abu Barzah Al-Aslami said: "Julaybib was a man who used to enter upon women and joke with them. I said to my wife, ‘Do not let Julaybib enter upon you, for if he enters upon you I shall do such and such.' If any of the Ansar had a single female relative, they would not arrange a marriage for her until they found out whether the Prophet wanted to marry her or not. The Prophet said to one of the Ansar: (Give me your daughter for marriage). He said, ‘Yes, O Messenger of Allah, it would be an honor and a blessing.' He said, (I do not want her for myself). He said, ‘Then for whom, O Messenger of Allah?' He said, (For Julaybib). He said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, let me consult her mother.' So he went to the girl's mother and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah is proposing marriage for your daughter.' She said, ‘Yes, it would be a pleasure.' He said, ‘He is not proposing to marry her himself, he is proposing on behalf of Julaybib.' She said, ‘What! Julaybib No, by Allah, we will not marry her to him.' When he wanted to get up and go to the Messenger of Allah to tell him what the girl's mother had said, the girl asked, ‘Who is asking for my hand!' So her mother told her, and she said, ‘Are you refusing to follow the command of the Messenger of Allah? Follow his command, for I will not come to any harm.' So her father went to the Messenger of Allah and said, ‘Deal with her as you wish.' So he married her to Julaybib. Then the Messenger of Allah went out on one of his military campaigns, and after Allah had granted him victory, he said to his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, (See whether there is anybody missing), They said, ‘We have lost so-and-so, and so-and-so.' He said, (See if there is anybody missing). They said, ‘No one.' He said: (But I see that Julaybib is missing). He said: (Go and look for him among the dead). So they looked for him, and found him beside seven of the enemy whom he had killed before he was himself killed. They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, here he is, beside seven of the enemy whom he had killed before he was himself killed.' The Messenger of Allah came and stood beside him and said, He killed seven before he was himself killed. He belongs to me and I belong to him. He said this two or three times, then the Messenger of Allah carried him in his arms and held him while his grave was dug, then he placed him in his grave. It was not mentioned that he washed him, may Allah be pleased with him.'' Thabit, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "There was no widow among the Ansar who was more sought after for marriage than that girl.'' Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Talhah asked Thabit, "Do you know how the Messenger of Allah prayed for that girl?'' He told him: "He said, O Allah, pour blessings upon her and do not make her life hard." And this is how it was; there was no widow among the Ansar who was more sought after for marriage than her.'' [Musnad Ahmad (4/422) No. 19799]

- there was a sahabi called Julaybib
- and his name means a fully grown man who is short (dwarf)
- he was hunched back and not handsome and women are attracted to tall men

To make matters worse he was not among the famous sahabah
- and his tribe was not even known
- tribe was very important in the Arab world and a powerful tribe protects you
- just like the prophet (SAW) was protected by his tribe

Narrated Jubair ibn Mut’im: The Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "He is not one us who calls for `Asabiyah, (nationalism/tribalism) or who fights for `Asabiyah or who dies for `Asabiyah." [Sunan Abu Dawud (Vol. 2, pg. 753) No. 5121]

So a society based on tribalism could not help Julaybib
- tribalism was so important in Arab world,
- the prophet said the caliphate has to come from Quraish

This matter (rule) will remain with the Quraish, and none will rebel against them, but Allah will throw him down on his face, as long as the Quraish uphold the Deen. [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 89, Number #253]

- this was said out of hikma
- because the people would not allow anyone to rule them except Quraish

Abu Malik al-Ashari narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: ”There are four matters of jaahiliyyah that exist among my ummah and they will not give them up: boasting about one’s forefathers, casting aspersions upon people’s lineages, seeking rain by the stars and wailing for the dead.” [Sahih Muslim (Vol. 2 pg. 644) No. 934]

- the prophet said 4 things of jaahiliyyah my ummah will never give up
- so the society was expected to be unfriendly to Julaybib

WE KNOW SEVEN THINGS ABOUT JULAYBIB;
1. HE WAS AN ARAB
2. HE WAS A MUSLIM
3. HE WAS OF THE ANSARS
4. HE WAS A SAHABI
5. HE WAS A FIERCE FIGHTER
6. HE WAS LOVED BY THE PROPHET
7. HE WAS LONELY, NO FAMILY TO LOVE HIM


The rasul (SAW) being a mercy to mankind realised the plight of Julaybib
- because Julaybib was shunned by the people
- a sahabi even told his wife not to let him come to his house
- so the rasul set out to put an end to the plight of Julaybib
- so he set out to find him a wife

He went to the home of a man of the Ansar; well known in society

- he told him I have come to ask for your daughter's hand in marriage
- the man was so happy because he thought it was for the prophet
- so the prophet (SAW) told him not for me but for Julaybib
- the man was taken aback and did not reply, he asked to consult with the wife

He told his wife about it, but she refused

- she said she will never accept that proposal
- but when their daughter heard about the proposal, she asked who it was
- and was told it was for Julaybib

She said to the mother if the prophet is asking for Julaybib for me
- why are you opposing the prophet (SAW)
- the scholars said the woman had taqwa
- so as a result of this story Allah revealed 33:36

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allāh and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allāh and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Al-Ahzab 33:36)


They got married and it was said to be a successful marriage

- because he looked after her, but the call for jihad was made
- and Julaybib left his home to go to the frontline
- after the battle the rasul (SAW) asked if the people had lost anyone
- they said no, he then asked for Julaybib
- but the people did not know about him, so he went to search for him

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "A Kaafir and one who killed him will never be together in the Fire." [Sahih Muslim (3/1505) No. 1891 and Musnad Ahmad (2/397) No. 9152]


The rasul said Julaybib killed 7 mushrikeen before he got killed
- and the rasul buried him himself and he did not wash him or pray over him
- the shaheed is not washed or prayed upon because he is alive and not dead
- we bury our shaheed in the same clothes they died in

In marriage, we need chemistry to consummate

- this is more important to a man


LESSONS WE LEARN FROM THE STORY OF JULAYBIB:

1. SOMETIMES CHILDREN HAVE MORE TAQWA THAN THEIR PARENTS

2. OUR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE CAN CAUSE US TO GET REJECTED
- when we propose to someone

3. THE PROPHET (SAW) CARED ABOUT THE NEEDS OF JULAYBIB

- we all have 5 needs: emotional, financial, physical, spiritual, and mental (communicating)

4. JULAYBIB FOUGHT AND DIED ON THE BATTLEFIELD
- he killed 7 pagans before he died
- we might wonder how a dwarf could kill 7 people before he died
- because WHEN WE FEAR ALLAH, THE TAQWAH GIVES US POWER
- AND THE CREATION FEAR US
- this is mind over matter

5. CHEMISTRY (IN MARRIAGE) IS IMPORTANT

6. A WOMAN OF TAQWA CAN OVERLOOK CHEMISTRY TO MARRY AN UGLY MAN
- because he has taqwa

7. WHEN WE HAVE TAQWA; WE PUT OUR TRUST IN THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE PROPHET (SAW)


8. JULAYBIB’S MARRIAGE WAS SUCCESSFUL
- a marriage is successful not because of the handsomeness of the man
- but his character, when Julaybib died, the Prophet said "He is of me and I am of him"

9. THE RASOOL (SAW) WAS A MERCY TO MANKIND
- he put a stop to Julaybib's misery by finding him a wife with taqwa

10. THE RASOOL (SAW) DUG JULAYBIB’S GRAVE HIMSELF
- and buried him in the clothes he died in without salatul janaza

11. SURAH AHZAB AYAH 36 WAS REVEALED FOR JULAYBIB
- Allah 'tala was pleased with him (his character)
- he was given the greatest gift (martyrdom)
- Allah said:

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one's brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zālimûn (wrong-doers, etc.). (Al-Hujurat 49:11)


Many people in Madina looked down on Julaybib
- but he was given the gift of martyrdom
- many in Madina were not given the gift of martyrdom
- [He (SWT) only gives it to the pure, such as Imam Awlaki (rh)]


AYAH 37


وَإِذْ تَقُولُ لِلَّذِي أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْسِكْ عَلَيْكَ زَوْجَكَ وَاتَّقِ اللَّهَ وَتُخْفِي فِي نَفْسِكَ مَا اللَّهُ مُبْدِيهِ وَتَخْشَى النَّاسَ وَاللَّهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ تَخْشَاهُ فَلَمَّا قَضَى زَيْدٌ مِنْهَا وَطَرًا زَوَّجْنَاكَهَا لِكَيْ لَا يَكُونَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَرَجٌ فِي أَزْوَاجِ أَدْعِيَائِهِمْ إِذَا قَضَوْا مِنْهُنَّ وَطَرًا وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا

And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Hārithah the freed slave of the Prophet SAW) on whom Allāh has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islām) and you (O Muhammad SAW too) have done favour (by manumitting him) "Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allāh." But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allāh has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allāh will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allāh had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allāh's Command must be fulfilled. (Al-Ahzab 33:37)

The Rasool (SAW) arranged many marriages and most were successful
- Zainab bint Jahsh was his cousin and so he wanted her to have a happy marriage
- Zayd had not seen his parents for many years (living with the Rasool and Khadija)
- and they treated him as flesh and blood (but he was adopted)
- some even called him Zayd ibn Muhammad
- but we are now to call adopted children by their father's names after 33:5

Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allāh. (Al-Ahzab 33:5)

ADOPTION is allowed in Islam, as long as we do not call the children by our names,
- but by their blood parents' names
- our adopted children can marry our children because we are not related by blood

Why was Zaynab bint Jahsh chosen for Zayd?
- because the prophet loved him SO much

A'isha (RA) said: "The Messenger of Allah never sent Zayd bin Harithah on a campaign but he appointed him as its commander, and if he had lived after him he would have appointed him as his Khalifah.'' [Musnad Ahmad (6/281) No. 26453, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (7/322) No. 8126, Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/238) No. 4953]

- Zayd was his only surviving son (the biological sons all died)
- and had he lived after Muhammad (SAW),
- he would have been caliph after Muhammad (SAW)

Zayd and Zainab's marriage lasted for 1 year
- and then they were no longer compatible
- Zayd was a freed slave and Zaynab came from a family of money
- was this the reason?
- some scholars said Zaynab had her eyes on Muhammad (SAW);
- she was very ambitious
- other Shaikhs said there were difficulties because she was from upper-class society
- and his status was different (freed-slave)

When Zayd had problems with Zaynab, he went to the Rasool (SAW) for naseeha
- and he was told to stay with his wife
- the Rasool (SAW), as a matchmaker, did not want the marriage to fail
- the other reason he said to stay with his wife
- is because he was told by Allah 'tala that the marriage would fail

Narrated By Anas: Zaid bin Haritha came to the Prophet complaining about his wife. The Prophet kept on saying (to him), "Be afraid of Allah and keep your wife." 'Aisha said, "If Allah's Apostle were to conceal anything (of the Qur'an he would have concealed this Verse." Zainab used to boast before the wives of the Prophet and used to say, "You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." And Thabit recited, "The Verse: 'But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest, you did fear the people,' (33.37) was revealed in connection with Zainab and Zaid bin Haritha." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith 516]

- and Allah t’ala would become her wali
- 'I will marry you to her from over the 7 heavens'
- [this information bothered the Rasool (SAW)]
- the kuffaar say the Muhammad (SAW) was depraved but this is not true
- and Allah 'tala tried to protect his character

NOT EVERYTHING HALAL IS GOOD FOR US TO DO
Example:
- a woman is married to your blood-brother and they divorce, it’s OK to marry her
- but this is not wise to do because people will talk, saying you broke them up

AISHA (RA) said this ayah was the most difficult ayah
- for the Prophet (SAW) to practice [see above hadeeth]
- and this ayah was revealed so the ummah would realize
- it is HALAL to marry an ADOPTED SON’s divorced wife

"You were given in marriage by your families, while I was married (to the Prophet) by Allah from over seven Heavens." And Thabit recited, "The Verse: 'But (O Muhammad) you did hide in your heart that which Allah was about to make manifest, you did fear the people,' (33.37) was revealed in connection with Zainab and Zaid bin Haritha." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith 516]

Zaynab used to boast that she was given to the Prophet (SAW)
- by Allah 'tala (Himself) from above the 7 heavens
- Aisha (RA) also said, 'my innocence was revealed from above the 7 heavens'

A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, `I am the one whose innocence was revealed from heaven.' [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (6/426)]

SHAIKH DEBATED A KAAFIR ON JAMAICAN TELEVISION
- they were going to debate IF JESUS IS GOD
- in the recording chamber, the kaafir struck 'from below the belt'
- he brought up the topic of Zaynab being married to the Rasool (SAW)
- and this topic has nothing to do with Jesus being God
- so the TV Host told the kaafir "Muhammad had to obey Allah"

ALLAH 'tala makes it plain an adopted son is not the same as a biological son
- as Muhammad (SAW) tried to hide this revelation from the people