Monday, September 17, 2012

-347- Tafseer Surah Ahzab (Part 8)

TAFSEER SURAH AHZAB (53-56)
THE IMPORTANCE OF GIVING SALAAMS TO THE PROPHET (SAW)
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

06.21.2012 (Evening Dars)



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NOTES typed by AT42
Edited and Formatted by AT-7 and AT5

Bismillah...

- this surah’s title tells us it was revealed in Madina
- because of the title, 'AL-AHZAB' (the allied forces)


AYAH 53

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتَ النَّبِيِّ إِلَّا أَنْ يُؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلَى طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نَاظِرِينَ إِنَاهُ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا دُعِيتُمْ فَادْخُلُوا فَإِذَا طَعِمْتُمْ فَانْتَشِرُوا وَلَا مُسْتَأْنِسِينَ لِحَدِيثٍ إِنَّ ذَلِكُمْ كَانَ يُؤْذِي النَّبِيَّ فَيَسْتَحْيِي مِنْكُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَسْتَحْيِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ وَمَا كَانَ لَكُمْ أَنْ تُؤْذُوا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَلَا أَنْ تَنْكِحُوا أَزْوَاجَهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ أَبَدًا إِنَّ ذَلِكُمْ كَانَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَظِيمًا

O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse, without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behavior) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go), but Allah is not shy of (telling you) O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse, without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behavior) annoys the Prophet, the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allah's Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily! With Allah that shall be an enormity. (Al-Ahzab 33:53)

- this ayah is talking about Islamic adab and etiquettes
- Surah Ahzab, Noor and Hujurat are known for their Islamic etiquettes

For you to marry one of the wives of the prophet (SAW) is a sin
- this ayah also teaches us not to annoy people especially the rasool (SAW)
- he was a busy person, he had 9 wives
- so it’s not right for a person to turn up to the prophet’s house without an invitation
- and stay around after the meal just for conversation

THIS AYAH RESEMBLES SURAH 24: 27-29

O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that you may remember. (An-Nur 24:27)


And if you find no one therein, still, enter not until permission has been given. And if you are asked to go back, go back, for it is purer for you, and Allah is All-Knower of what you do. (An-Nur 24:28)

There is no sin on you that you enter (without taking permission) houses uninhabited (i.e. not possessed by anybody), (when) you have any interest in them. And Allah has knowledge of what you reveal and what you conceal. (An-Nur 24:29)

The Quran is full of Islamic adab
- the etiquettes of entering one’s home is you go through the front door
- and knock three times
- if you knock three times and the person does not open the door
- you must go away
- because this means the person is too busy to host guest

Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: While I was present in one of the gatherings of the Ansar, Abu Musa came as if he was scared, and said, "I asked permission to enter upon `Umar three times, but I was not given the permission, so I returned." (When `Umar came to know about it) he said to Abu Musa, "Why did you not enter?'. Abu Musa replied, "I asked permission three times, and I was not given it, so I returned, for Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you asks the permission to enter thrice, and the permission is not given, then he should return.'" `Umar said, "By Allah! We will ask Abu Musa to bring witnesses for it." (Abu Musa went to a gathering of the Ansar and said). "Did anyone of you hear this from the Prophet?" Ubai bin Ka`b said, "By Allah, none will go with you but the youngest of the people (as a witness)." (Abu Sa`id) was the youngest of them, so I went with Abu Musa and informed `Umar that the Prophet had said so. [al-Bukhari (6245) and Muslim (2153)]

The Arabs used to go to the back door of the prophet’s house and call 'Muhammad'
- this was uncouth (uncivilized)
- Surah Hujurat was revealed regarding this, Hujurat (the private apartments)

Verily! Those who call you from behind the dwellings, most of them have no sense. (Al-Hujurat 49:4)

And if they had patience till you could come out to them, it would have been better for them. And Allāh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Al-Hujurat 49:5)

WHY DID ALLAH REVEAL SURAH 33:53?

Narrated Anas bin Malik: When Allah's Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh, he invited the people who took their meals and then remained sitting and talking. The Prophet pretended to be ready to get up, but the people did not get up. When he noticed that, he got up, and when he had got up, some of those people got up along with him and there remained three (who kept on sitting). Then the Prophet came back and found those people still sitting. Later on those people got up and went away. So I went to the Prophet and informed him that they had left. The Prophet came, and entered (his house). I wanted to enter (along with him) but he dropped a curtain between me and him. Allah then revealed: 'O you who believe! Do not enter the Prophet's Houses until leave is given... (to His statement)... Verily! That shall be an enormity, in Allah's sight.' (Al-Ahzab 33:53) [al-Bukhari (6271) and Muslim (1428)]

- when the prophet (SAW) got married to Zaynab bint Jahsh,
- everybody ate and then people left except 3
- they kept talking and talking

The prophet (SAW) went to Aisha's (RA) house, and said
- 'Assalamu alaikum, member of the household'
- Aisha asked how his new wife is
- the prophet (SAW) went to all 9 wives’ houses to give his salaam
- he came back to his house, and the 3 men were still at the prophets (SAW) home

When you get married, you should not delay the consummation
- the Sunnah is to consummate

So when these 3 men were at the prophet's house and refused to leave after their food
- this annoyed the prophet (SAW)
- you are not meant to overstay your welcome in someone’s house
- even when you are travelling

Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn 'Amr al-Khuza'i said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW), say, 'Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest as his due.' They said, 'What is his due, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'A day and a night. Hospitality is for three days, and what is beyond that is sadaqa for him.'" [al-Bukhari (6019) and Muslim (48)]

- and if you are a wayfarer you can only stay at someone’s house for 3 days
- they do not have to keep you for any longer
- and you can only give hospitality to believers
- you cannot give hospitality to Shi’ites and such
- they might propose to your 4 year old daughter like Khomeini
- you cannot invite a munafiq to your house also

KHOMEINI SEXUALLY ASSAULTING CRYING AND SCREAMING FOUR YEAR OLD GIRL:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2FZ1AY63w8


Shia Homosexuals Featuring Men from Iraq in Mutah Via **Khomeini’s Ruling** [shocking video] :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=djgCHwRJu5E


This commandment of Allah in surah 33:53, this is not just for the prophet
- this is for us as well
- good manners is important
- when you go to your Muslim brothers’ or sisters’ home do not stay for too long
- because they have things to do and they are shy to tell you to go home

The 3 men that stayed in the prophet’s home,
- we know they did not have adab
- because one of them urinated in the masjid

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A bedouin urinated in the mosque and the people ran to (beat) him, but the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: Leave him alone; do not interrupt him. He (the narrator) said: And when he had finished, he called for a bucket of water and poured it over. [al-Bukhari (6025) and Muslim (284)]
Allah is not shy to tell us the haqq
- do not roam around someone’s house
- and walk around stay in the room you are put in
- if you roam around you might see their women folk
- and this could harm your brotherhood/sisterhood
- and this is the last thing you want to do

And when you are in someone’s house, do not ask for specific items
- such as 'mango juice'
- what if they do not have it in their house
- this is not adab

You the Muslims who invite people to your house for food should be careful
- they should be righteous
- you can only share your food with the righteous as the hadith is clear
- how can you have your wife struggling in the kitchen preparing food for the munafiqeen
- who snitch on the Muslims

It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, “Do not keep company with anyone but a believer and do not let anyone eat your food but one who is pious.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/600) No. 2395, Sunan Abu Dawood (4/259) No. 4832, Musnad Ahmad (3/38) No. 11355]
Allah said ‘when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen’
- Umar (RA) told the prophet (SAW) good as well as evil people will come to your house
- so they should wear hijab
- after Umar said this Allah revealed this in Surah Noor:

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands,… (An-Nur 24:31)
…And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allāh's Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily! With Allāh that shall be an enormity. (Al-Ahzab 33:53)
When you insult Muhammad (SAW) you insult Allah
- love for Muhammad is love for Allah
- hate for Muhammad is hate for Allah
- in the same ayah: nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death).

There was a sahabi called Talha Bin Ubaidullah who had feelings for Aisha
- he made it open as well
- he wanted to marry Aisha after the death of the prophet (SAW)
- he was married to Hamnah bint Jash, the sister of Zaynab bint Jash
- there are 2 reasons why you cannot marry the prophet’s wives

1. Because they are his wives in jannah
2. These wives of the prophet are our mothers
- how can you marry your mother?

Allah said:

The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage)… (Al-Ahzab 33:6)
- also the reason why Allah revealed ayah 53,
- saying you cannot marry the wives of the prophet after his death
- is because Talha made his feelings open
- the Shi’ites run with this hadith
- because they say this sahabi wanted the prophet to die so he can marry his wife
- but Talha was among the 10 promised jannah

The 10 promised Paradise
1. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq
2. Umar bin Al-Khattab Al-Farooq
3. Uthman bin Affaan Ghani Dhun-Nurayn
4. Ali bin Abi Talib
5. Talha bin Ubaidullah
6. Zubair bin Al-Awwaam
7. Abdur-Rahman bin Awf
8. Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas
9. Saeed bin Zayd
10. Abu Ubaidah Aamir bin Abdullah bin Al-Jarrah.

Narrated By Sa'id ibn Zayd: AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (RA). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: ‘I bear witness that I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say: ‘Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (SAW) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr (RA) will go to Paradise, Umar (RA) will go to Paradise, Uthman (RA) will go to Paradise, Ali (RA) will go to Paradise, Talhah (RA) will go to Paradise: Az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam (RA) will go to paradise, Saad ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) will go to Paradise, Abu Ubaydah ibn Jarrah (RA), and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf (RA) will go to Paradise. If you wish, I can mention the tenth.’ The people asked: ‘Who is he?’ but he kept silence. They again asked: ‘Who is he?’ He replied: ‘He is Sa'id ibn Zayd (RA).’” [Abu Dawud, Book 35, Hadeeth #4632]

The Shi’ites claim this hadith is fabricated (about the 10 promised jannah)
- their argument being, that Talha fancied Aisha at the time of the Rasool (SAW)
- how can he be promised jannah when he fancied Aisha
- but Allah promised him jannah before and the prophet did not revoke him

It is possible for a married man to fancy a married woman
- because he fancied her taqwa
- some men see things in other women that they do not see in their wives
- this is not haram, you cannot help who you fancy

Talha loved her taqwa and he wanted to marry her after the death of the prophet (SAW)
- Talha was ‘the man of the match’ at the battle of Uhud
- and he was loved by the rasool (SAW)

If a Muslim brother loves a married sister, it means he loves her character/taqwa
- and if this sister becomes a widow, he waits for the iddah period to end
- so he can marry her

Do you not think the prophet loved Umm Salama before she became a widow?

- he loved her as a Muslim sister
- if you are a Muslim sister and the only man in the world who loves you is your husband
- this is not good and you are not a good sister
- likewise for a brother

The Shi’ites wrote in their books that the love of Talha for Aisha was abnormal
- and this is why Allah revealed surah 33:53
- the Shi’ites in the history books write horrible things about Aisha and Talha
- they say the love was mutual and that Aisha loved Talha too
- Shaikh is telling us these things to preparing us,
- as we live in darul harb and these things are heard a lot

The Shi’ites say Aisha manipulated Talha to fight Ali at the battle of the camel

- they say if Aisha succeeded in this, this would protect her interest
- some Shi’ites say that a woman cannot leave the house without a mahram
- how can this be, when Aisha went out to the battle of the camel
- they the Shi’ites say, Talha and Aisha had a secret nikah
- they slander the companions of the prophet (SAW) a lot and it is very sickening


AYAH 54


إِنْ تُبْدُوا شَيْئًا أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا

Whether you reveal anything or conceal it, verily, Allāh is Ever All Knower of everything. (Al-Ahzab 33:54)

- this ayah means, Talha liked Aisha and he made it clear to everyone
- Allah is saying if Talha did not tell anyone, Allah still would have known about it
- and Allah has Knowledge of All Things and nothing escapes Allah's Knowledge


AYAH 55



لَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِنَّ فِي آبَائِهِنَّ وَلَا أَبْنَائِهِنَّ وَلَا إِخْوَانِهِنَّ وَلَا أَبْنَاءِ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ وَلَا أَبْنَاءِ أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ وَلَا نِسَائِهِنَّ وَلَا مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ وَاتَّقِينَ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدًا

It is no sin on them (the Prophet's wives, if they appear unveiled) before their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother's sons, or the sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women, or their (female) slaves, and keep your duty to Allāh. Verily, Allāh is Ever All Witness over everything. (Al-Ahzab 33:55)

- this ayah is telling Muslim girls who they are allowed to expose their hair to
- this ayah resembles surah 24: 31

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their dornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islām), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allāh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful. (An-Nur 24:31)

- why did the translator write in bracket 'female right hand possessed'
- an incident happen at the time of Umar,
- when a lady thought this ayah meant she can have a right hand possessed
- and she slept with her right hand possessed
- Umar wanted to punish her
- but he then realised she did not understand the ayah correctly

On the authority of Qataada who said: “A woman slept with her male servant and cited an ayah of the Holy Qur'an as her evidence for her action. ‘…or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess…’ (An-Nur 24:31). This woman was brought to Umar ibn al Khattab (RA) by a group of Sahabas who complained to Umar that she misinterpreted a verse from the Holy Qur’an and slept with her male servant. Umar commanded that the male servant should be sent away for a year and he was beheaded. He then said to the woman you are now haram for all Muslims.” [Tafseer al-Tabari (9/586) No. 11277]
Islamic Shari’ah is so just
- in Islam you do not punish for ignorance
- Umar did not punish her because she was ignorant
- you cannot punish someone if they did not know
- this is how merciful Islam is
- in kufr law, there is no such thing as ignorance of the law
- if you do something, and you did not know, they will still punish you

‘Except that which is apparent' in surah 24:31 is regarding the hands and face
- you can show your face to your step-son
- he is your mahram
- because you went to bed with his father
- your son-in-law is your mahram
- you can show your hair to him
- also your nephew/female slaves/Muslim sisters/
- Muslim male slaves who lack vigor/or young children

-THERE IS A MILLION DOLLAR QUESTION-
Can a girl show her hair to her uncle?

- some scholars say it is makrooh
- because he can describe her hair to his son, hoping his son will be interested in her
- even though Allah did not mention the uncle, you can say it’s makrooh

Some of you show your hair to your brother-in-law thinking he is mahram
- he is not your mahram
- the brother-in-law is death to you like the hadith says:

It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Beware of entering upon women.” A man from among the Ansar said: “O Messenger of Allah, what about the brother-in-law?” He said: “The brother-in-law is death.” [al-Bukhari (5232) and Muslim (2172)]

- the brother resembles your husband
- the shaytan whispers to some women and tells them
- you buy one get one free (regarding the husbands brother / brother-in-law)

Also your first cousin is not your mahram
- you can marry your first cousins
- you cannot show your hair to them
- you can show your hair to your step fathers/uncles
- even though Allah left out uncles in the Quran
- also foster son (son by the milk), father in-law are also your mahram
- these are the men you can expose your hair to


AYAH 56


إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

Allāh sends His Salāt (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and also His angels too (ask Allāh to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salāt on (ask Allāh to bless) him (Muhammad SAW), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islāmic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As Salāmu 'Alaikum). (Al-Ahzab 33:56)

- Allah sends His salaams to the prophet (SAW) so do the angels

HOW DOES ALLAH 'TALA SEND HIS BLESSING UPON THE PROPHET?
- Allah does this by making mention of the Prophet (SAW) in the company of the angels

HOW DOES THE ANGELS SEND THEIR PEACE AND BLESSINGS TO THE PROPHET (SAW)?
- they do this by begging Allah to forgive the prophet (SAW) for all his mistakes

HOW DO YOU THE MUSLIM SEND YOUR PEACE AND BLESSINGS TO THE PROPHET (SAW)?- you beg Allah to forgive the prophet (SAW)
- and ask Allah to grant him the highest rank in jannah
- you also send your peace and blessings on the prophet (SAW) by doing the
- durood after tashahud in salah


اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
"Allaahumma salli 'ala Muhammad wa' ala aali Muhammad kama salayta 'ala Ibraaheem wa' ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik 'ala Muhammad wa' ala aali Muhammad kama baarakta 'ala Ibraaheem wa' ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed”
(O Allaah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad,
as You sent prayers upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You sent blessings upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory)." [Sahih Bukhari (Vol. 4, pg. 146) No. 3370]

- it is how the prophet (SAW) instructed the sahabas to do so
- the prophet (SAW) said:

Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “The miser is he before whom I am mentioned but he does not invoke blessings on me.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/551) No. 3546, Musnad Ahmad (1/201) No. 1736]
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Prophet (SAW) ascended the minbar and said: “Ameen, ameen, ameen.” It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you ascended the minbar and said, ‘Ameen, ameen, ameen.” He said: “Jibreel (peace be upon him) came to me and said: ‘If Ramadan comes and a person is not forgiven, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘O Muhammad, if both or one of a person’s parents are alive and he does not honour them and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘If you are mentioned in a person’s presence and he does not send blessings upon you and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen.” [Sahih Ibn Hibban, (3/188) No. 907 and Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (3/192) No. 1888]
Another occasion you should send your salutations to the prophet
- is when the adhaan is over
- if you recite the dua after the adhaan the rasool (SAW)
- will intercede for you on the day of judgement
- why? Because you are begging Allah to give the waseela to Muhammad (SAW)

Jabir Ibn Abdullah narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever says when he hears the call to prayer,

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ، وَالصَّلاَةِ القَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الوَسِيلَةَ وَالفَضِيلَةَ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ
‘Allaahumma rabba hadhhi’l-da’wat il-taammah wa’l-salaat il-qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan al-waseelah wa’l-fadeelah wab’athhu maqaaman mahmoodan alladhi wa’adtahu
(O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and the prayer which is about to begin, grant Muhammad al-waseelah (a station in Paradise) and al-fadeelah (a rank above the rest of creation), and raise him to the praised position that You have promised),’ my intercession will be granted for him on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih Bukhari (1/126) No. 614]

Abdullah bin 'Amr bin al-'Aas narrated that he heard the Prophet (SAW) said: “When you hear the muezzin, say what he says, then send blessings upon me, for whoever send one blessing upon me, Allah will send ten blessings upon him. Then ask Allah to grant me al-waseelah, which is a position in Paradise which will be attained by only one of the slaves of Allah, and I hope that I will be the one. Whoever asks for al-waseelah for me, intercession will be granted for him.” [Sahih Muslim (1/288) No. 384]

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "He who blesses me once, Allah would bless him ten times." [Sahih Muslim (1/306) No. 408, al-Adab al-Mufrad, al-Bukhari, No. 443, Sunan al-Nasa'i (3/50) No. 1296, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/88) No. 1530, Sunan Tirmidhi (2/355) No. 485, Sunan al-Darime (2/408) No. 2772, Musnad Ahmad (2/372) No. 8841]

Anas ibn Malik (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Supplication that is made between adhan and iqamah is never rejected.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (1/415) No. 212, Musnad Ahmad (3/119) No. 12221, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/144) No. 521, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (9/32) No. 9812, Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (1/221) No. 425, Sahih Ibn Hibban (4/593) No. 1696]

Sahl ibn Sa'd (RA) narrtaed the Prophet (SAW) said: "Two duas are never rejected, or rarely rejected: the du'a during the call for prayer, and the du'a at the time of fighting when the warriors are on the battlefield." [Sunan Abu Dawud (3/21) No. 2540, Sunan al-Darime (1/293) No. 1200, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/313) No. 712, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (3/502) No. 6459, Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (1/219) No. 419, al-Mu'jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (6/135) No. 5756]

You should not speak when the adhaan is being called
- also you should try and be in wudu and face the Qibla
- only the righteous should call the adhaan/lead the salah
- the one who smokes weed cannot lead the people in salah

When you enter or leave the masjid, you should send the peace and blessings on the prophet
- also you ask Allah to open His door for His Mercy

It was narrated that Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah said: "Whenever the Messenger of Allah entered the mosque he would say:
بِسْمِ اللهِ ، وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي , وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ
'Bismillah, was-salamu 'ala Rasulillah, Allahummagh-firli dhunubi waftah li abwaba rahmatika.
(In the Name of Allah, and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the gates of Your Mercy).'
When he left he would say:

بِسْمِ اللهِ ، وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي ، وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ فَضْلِكَ
'Bismillah, was-salamu 'ala Rasulillah, Allahummagh-firli dhunubi waftah li abwaba fadlika.
(In the Name of Allah, and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the gates of Your Bounty).'" [Sunan Ibn Majah (1/493) No. 771, Musnad Ahmad (6/282) No. 26459 and Sunan Tirmidhi (2/127) No. 314]

Another occasion when you send peace and blessings on the prophet (SAW)
- is in a janaza

How do you perform a janaza?
- shaikh saw a video on the internet and the man did not recite surah fatiha this is wrong
- salatul janaza has no rak’ah, and has 4 takbeers
- when you do the first takbeer you raise your hands and then recite surah fatiha
- after the second takbeer you recite peace and blessings on the prophet (SAW)
- after the 3rd takbeer you recite a dua for the dead
- the 4th takbeer is followed by the tasleem
- you can give one tasleem or two

There is a variation regarding salatul janaza- you can raise your hands for the 4 takbeers
- but salatul jannah is quiet not loud
- if you do it loud it’s a bid’ah

Another occasion when you send peace and blessings on the prophet (SAW)
- is when you are making a dua
- you start by praising and glorifying Allah
- then you send peace and blessings upon the prophet (SAW)
- and then beg Allah for what you want
- then when you finish your dua you send peace and blessings upon the prophet (SAW) again

Umar bin Al-Khattab narrated: "Indeed the supplication stops between the heavens and the earth. Nothing of it is raised up until you send Salat upon your Prophet." [Sunan Tirmidhi (2/356) No. 486]
Fadalah ibn Ubayd (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) heard a man make a supplication in his salah without invocating blessing on the Prophet (SAW). So he said, “He has made haste.” Then he called him and said to him or to another.” When one of you offers salah, let him begin by praise of Allah and His glorification. Then let him invoke blessing on the Prophet and then supplicate for whatever he will.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/517) No. 3477, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/77) No. 1481, Musnad Ahmad (6/18) No. 23982]

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger said, “Of the people, nearest to me on the Day of Resurrection will be he who invoked most blessings on me." [Sunan Tirmidhi (2/354) No. 484, Musnad Abu Ya'la (8/427) No. 5011, Sahih Ibn Hibban (3/192) No. 911, Shu'ab al-Emaan al-Bayhaqi (3/129) No. 1462]

Another occasion where you send peace and blessings on the prophet (SAW)
- is when you performing salatul witr
- in the dua qunoot
- even in dua qunoot you send peace and blessings upon the prophet (SAW)

Another occasion you send peace and blessings upon the prophet (SAW) is on a Friday
- because Friday is the best day of the week

Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah protects him from the trial in the grave.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/386) No. 1074, Musnad Ahmad (2/169) No. 6582]
Abu Haraira reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) took hold of my hands and said: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created the clay on Saturday and He created the mountains on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and He created the things entailing labour on Tuesday and created light on Wednesday and lie caused the animals to spread on Thursday and created Adam (AS) after 'Asr on Friday; the last creation at the last hour of the hours of Friday, i. e. between afternoon and night. [Sahih Muslim #6707]

- Adam (AS) was created on a Friday and
- if you die on a Friday you will be a shaheed insha Allah
- Shaikh Anwar Awlaki (rh) got killed on a Friday
- we say inshaAllah he is a shaheed because if we do not, it becomes bid’ah