Thursday, September 20, 2012

-348- Tafseer Surah Ahzab (Part 9)

by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

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Notes typed by AT38 and AT42
Edited and Formatted by AT21, AT7 and AT5



إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا
Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger (SAW) Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment. (Al-Ahzab 33:57)

The question is how can someone annoy Allah and His Messenger?
- you annoy Allah by committing shirk
- you annoy Allah by making graven images
- the worst way to annoy Allah is by shirk
- this is why Allah said in 4:48

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

- Allah warned His prophet in surah 39:65

And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allah's Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers." (Az-Zumar 39:65)

- if he was Muhammad (SAW), the most righteous man to walk on this earth,
- so what about you and I?
- we must take this far more serious
- we cannot use the excuse of ignorance

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes! We testify," lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this." (Al-A'raf 7:172)

Or lest you should say: "It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Batil (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)?" (Tafsir At-Tabari). (Al-A'raf 7:173)

- because we already told Allah we believed in surah 7:172
- surah 7:172 is to refute those who dabble in black magic and surah 7:173
- is to refute those who blame their parents

Another way to annoy Allah is by abusing time
- sometimes a calamity befalls you and you insult time

Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: "The son of Adam abuses Dahr (the time), whereas I am Dahr since in My hand are the day and the night." [al-Bukhari (6181) and Muslim (2246)]

- this hadith above is not an ordinary hadith, it is a hadith Qudsi

You annoy Allah by worshipping Iblīs
- how do you worship Iblīs?
- you do this by obeying Iblīs
- Allah asked us a question in surah 36:60

Did I not ordain for you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is a plain enemy to you. (Ya-Sin 36:60)

- you worship Iblīs by following his footsteps
- these people who worship Iblīs should remember that Iblīs will wash his hands
- of them on the Day of Judgment

And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)." (Ibrahim 14:22)

This ayah tells us that Allah made us a promise and Allah’s promise was haqq
- and Iblees's promise was fake
- here the shaytan will wash his hands from the people who use to worship him in the dunya
- and he will say, don’t blame me, I just tempted you, and you followed
- Iblīs rejects the kufr that people practice, but people still follow him and disobey Allah
- do you see the shaytan claiming he's Allah?

[Iblis (Satan)] said: "O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected." (Al-Hijr 15:36)

Do you see shaytan denying Allah or Judgment day?
- do you see shaytan denying the resurrection?
- he acknowledges Allah as His One and Only Rab
- the only reason why shaytan is a kaafir, is because he rejected Allah’s Haakimiyya
- he used his aql (intellect)
- he was the first Mu'tazilite and the first racist

Another way you annoy Allah is by leaving the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW)

Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind): "If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Aali Imran 3:31)

- you are deprived of Allah’s love if you do not follow the Sunnah
- Allah told us in surah 16:44:

With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (An-Nahl 16:44)

- these two ayahs are used to checkmate the Parvezi (3:31 & 16:44)
- so you annoy Allah if you leave the Sunnah

You also annoy Allah when you abuse the prophet (SAW)
- because when you believe in Muhammad, you believe in Allah
- the kuffaar of Europe who abused and insulted Muhammad, abused Allah
- when you respect Muhammad, you respect Allah
- if you abuse Muhammad (SAW) you abuse Allah

He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), has indeed obeyed Allah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad SAW) as a watcher over them. (An-Nisa 4:80)

- you obey Allah by obeying Muhammad (SAW)
- when you give your bay'a to Muhammad you are actually giving Bay’a to Allah
- as Allah said in 48:10

Verily, those who give Bai'a (pledge) to you (O Muhammad SAW) they are giving Bai'a (pledge) to Allah. The Hand of Allah is over their hands. Then whosoever breaks his pledge, breaks only to his own harm, and whosoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah, He will bestow on him a great reward. (Al-Fath 48:10)

When Allah said that His hand was over the hand of the sahabah it was not literal

(Allah) said: "O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the highly exalted?" (Sad 38:75)

- but when He said to Iblīs in 38:75 what prevented you from bowing down
- to what I created with my Two Hands
- here Hand is literal
- Allah has Two Hands but not like our hands


Mujahid narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) said: “Allah created four things with His Hand; 1. The Throne 2. The Pen 3. Aadam and 4. The paradise of ‘Adn. He then said to the rest of the creation ‘Kun’ [Be] and it was.” [Adh Dhahabi in ‘Mukhtasar al-‘Uluw’ (p105), Abu al-Shaikh al-Asbahani in 'al-‘Adhuma' (5/1555), Tafsir al-Tabari (21/239), ‘The chain is authentic according to the conditions of Muslim.’]

You need a scholar to tell you when the ayah is literal and when it is not
- sometimes the ayah is metaphorical
- when Jesus (AS) said to Allah You know what is in my nafs
- whilst I don't know what is in your nafs
- the nafs is metaphorical here, because we know Allah will not die

And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'” He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner­self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All­Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. (Al-Ma'idah 5:116)

- this nafs is metaphorical, because Allah said, 'every soul will taste death'

You annoy Allah by annoying the prophet
- how do you annoy the Prophet (SAW)?
- you annoy him by rejecting his prophet-hood
- you annoy the prophet by insulting him
- at the time of the prophet (SAW) some sahabah annoyed the prophet
- by overstaying their welcome at the prophet’s home
- when he got married to Zaynab bint Jaysh
- but he was shy to tell them to leave

Narrated Anas bin Malik: When Allah's Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh, he invited the people who took their meals and then remained sitting and talking. The Prophet pretended to be ready to get up, but the people did not get up. When he noticed that, he got up, and when he had got up, some of those people got up along with him and there remained three (who kept on sitting). Then the Prophet came back and found those people still sitting. Later on those people got up and went away. So I went to the Prophet and informed him that they had left. The Prophet came, and entered (his house). I wanted to enter (along with him) but he dropped a curtain between me and him. Allah then revealed: 'O you who believe! Do not enter the Prophet's Houses until leave is given... (to His statement)... Verily! That shall be an enormity, in Allah's sight.' (Al-Ahzab 33:53) [al-Bukhari (6271) and Muslim (1428)]

Allah said:

O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse, without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go), but Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allah’s Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily! With Allah that shall be an enormity. (Al-Ahzab 33:53)

Allah said, when you over stayed in the prophet’s house you annoyed him
- but he is shy to tell you, but Allah is not shy to tell you
- Allah is not ashamed of the haqq

When you study tafseer there is a chapter called reasons for revelation
- why did Allah say 'nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death)'?
- because there was a sahabi called Talha bin Ubaidullah, he liked Aisha
- he wanted to marry Aisha after the death of the prophet (SAW)
- these women are going to be the wives of the prophet (SAW) in jannah
- if a lady of dunya got married twice the last husband she had
- will be with her in jannah

On the authority of Abu Darda’: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say: "Any woman whose husband dies and she marries someone else after him, she will be with the last of her husbands." [al-Mu'jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (3/275) No. 3130, Tarikh al-Raqqah Muhammad Ibn Sa'id Qushayri (d. 334H) (pg. 159) No. 318, Majma al-Zawaid al-Haythami (4/496) No. 7424, al-Jaami al-Saghir al-Suyuti (3/244) No. 12558]

On the authority of Silah that Hudhayfah (RA), that he said to his wife, “If you want to be my wife in Paradise, do not marry anyone after I die, for in Paradise a woman will be with the last of her husbands in this world. This is why Allah forbade the wives of the Prophet (SAW) to marry anyone after he died, because they will be his wives in Paradise.” [al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (7/111) No. 13421]

Also the wives of the prophet (SAW) are our mothers, how can you marry your mother?
- just because Aisha was married does not mean men cannot like her
- don’t you know that, every married woman has an admirer
- when she is working in the office men hit on her (not always)
- that’s why brothers don’t want their wives to work

The prophet (SAW) had a strong love for Talha
- he was one of those who saved the life of the prophet (SAW)
- he was the ‘man of the match’ at the battle if Uhud

Abu Bakr (RA) said: "That entire day, belonged to Talha." [Musnad Abu Dawud at-Tayalisi (1/8) No. 6, Abu Naeem al-Asbahani in 'Hilyatul Awliya' (1/87)]

Abu Bakr said, the Battle of Uhud belonged to Talha
- so therefore the prophet (SAW) never had a go at Talha
- the Rasool (SAW) liked him
- Talha was one of those 10 promised jannah
- the prophet (SAW) was very soft with his sahabah
- not like some of us today, who are very harsh towards our Muslim brothers/sisters
- and throw them out of the community

And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). (Aali Imran 3:159)

Allah spoke out the softness of the prophet (SAW) in surah 3:159
- the Shi’ites took this incident about Talha as an opportunity to insult the sahabah
- the Shi’ites love to insult the sahabah
- they say, 'look, look how can a sahabi like Aisha?'
- when you come to Paltalk do not go to the rooms of the Shi’ites or Saudi Salafis
- the Shi’ites insult the sahabah, and the Saudi Salafis insult Allah
- by saying dismantling the Shari’ah is minor kufr

You also annoy the prophet by practice bid’ah rather than the Sunnah
- if you loved the prophet (SAW) you would use Sunnah to fight bid’ah
- not bid’ah to fight the Sunnah

Jabir ibn Abdullah (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said in the Jumu’ah khutbah: "...To proceed. The best of the speech is embodied in the Book of Allah, and the best of the guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. And the most evil affairs are their innovations; and every innovation is error..." [Sahih Muslim (2/592) No. 867]

You annoy the prophet (SAW) by insulting his companions

Abdullah ibn Mughaffal (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Allah! Allah! my sahabah do not take them as target (for blame) after me. He who loves them, loves them because of his love for me and he who despises them, despises them because of despising me. And, he who abuses them, has abuses me; and, he who abuses me, abuses Allah; and, he who abuses Allah, soon He will seize him (in punishment).” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/696) No. 3862]

- especially the 10 who were promised paradise
- and you annoy the Rasool (saws) by rejecting his Sunnah
- you annoy the prophet (SAW) by not obeying the ameer in your community

Narrated By Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever obeys me, obeys Allah, and whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah, and whoever obeys the ruler I appoint, obeys me, and whoever disobeys him, disobeys me." [al-Bukhari (7135) and Muslim (1835)]

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. (An-Nisa 4:59)

4:59 is similar to the hadith above
- obedience to your ameer is obedience to Muhammad (SAW)

Allah said obey the ameer who is 'minkum'- from among you
- the Qaadiyani say obey the British because they are in authority
- the Qaadiyani fail to understand Allah says 'Minkum'- from amongst you
- so how are the British from us?
- the person who translated the ayah, said (Muslims in authority)
- because the munafiqeen will say about this ayah, obey the UN
- they the munafiqeen put a spin on the ayah
- they will say obey anyone who is in authority
- even if they are NATO, UN


وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا اكْتَسَبُوا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلُوا بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا
And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves the crime of slander and plain sin. (Al-Ahzab 33:58)

What is the mean of 'undeservedly' in this ayah?
- it is accusing them of sins they DID NOT COMMIT
- such as accusing a Muslim brother of being Gay while they are not
- or calling a sister a lesbian and she's not
- some people come on Paltalk to backbite and slander
- as if they do not know there is a day of judgment


Qaroon at the time of Musa paid a prostitute to lie and say Musa had an affair with her
- Musa prayed 2 rak’ah and asked her who paid her, she said Qaroon
- Allah gave Musa the ability to command the earth to swallow Qaroon and his palace
- when you slander a Muslim, your state is pitiful, appalling and pathetic
- because Allah will never forgive you until the person forgives you
- you may be doing all the pious deeds, i.e. being in ribaat/jihad/saum/salah/giving sadaqa
- but you will lose all these on the day of judgment

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever has wronged his brother with regard to his honour or something, let him ask him for forgiveness before the time when there will be neither dinar nor dirham, and if he has any good deeds it will be taken from him in proportion to the wrong he did, and if he does not have any good deeds (hasanaat), some of the other person's evil deeds (sayi’aat) will be taken and given to him to bear.” [Sahih Bukhari (3/129) No. 2449]

- because you will give all your good deeds to the person you slandered/back bitted
- a Muslim should be safe guarded by another Muslim from his hands and tongue

On the authority of 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: "A Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe; and a Muhajir (Emigrant) is the one who refrains from what Allah has forbidden." [al-Bukhari (10) and Muslim (40)]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "It is enough to call a man a liar that he narrates everything he hears" [Sahih Muslim (1/10) No. 5, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/237) No. 25617, al-Zuhd al-Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (p. 41) No. 249]

- some Muslims like to slander other Muslims
- we wonder if they realise there is a last day

- if you are going to criticize a taghoot/shaytan, make sure your life is clean
- because most likely they have bugged your phone
- and you may be on the front pages of the news


The Rasool (SAW) said stay away from the 7 major sins:
- sometimes you think physical abuse is bad type of abuse,
- but verbal abuse is worse than physical abuse
- that’s why the Rasool (SAW) said, every good word is a charity

Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (SAW), said, "Avoid the seven fatal sins." They said, "Messenger of Allah, what are they?" He said, "Associating with Allah, sorcery, killing a soul which Allah has forbidden, except by legal right, consuming usury, consuming the property of an orphan, fleeing on the day of battle and slandering unthinking chaste believing women." [al-Bukhari (2766) and Muslim (89)]

The Rasool (SAW) said also if you can protect your tongue and your private parts,
- you are promised paradise

Narrated By Sahl bin Sa'd: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e. his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him." [Sahih Bukhari (8/100) No. 6474]

- the private parts and the tongue are interwoven
- they are the most 2 dangerous organs of the body
- the Rasool said what will topple the man on his face?
- it is the bad consequences of the tongue

"The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad." Then he (SAW) said, "Shall I not tell you of the foundation of all of that?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." So he took hold of his tongue and said, "Restrain this." I said, "O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?" He (SAW) said, "May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces - or: on their noses - except the harvests of their tongues?" [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/11) No. 2616, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/116) No. 3973, Musnad Ahmad (5/231) No. 22069]

- women have a weakness of the tongue, and men have weakness of the private parts
- how did the Jews know where the Iraqi’s nuclear bomb were?
- they the Jews sent blue eyed, blonde hair prostitutes to the Iraqi scientist
- and this was a weakness to them
- a tongue of a woman is very dangerous
- when shaikh was in prison he asked the prisoners why they were in prison
- majority or half of the men were indirectly or directly in prison because of a woman
- because of the tongue of the women
- the Prophet (SAW) said the biggest fitna for men are women

Usama Ibn Zayd (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I have not left behind me any fitnah (temptation) more harmful to men than women.” [Reported by al-Bukhaari (5096) and Muslim (2740)]

Women let secrets out if there is fitna or bloodshed involved
- the tongue of the woman is the biggest weapon in the world
- in the Arab world they use a joke, 'if a woman is dumb she cannot speak,
- but if you want her to speak tell her a secret and she will speak'

- so Allah spoke about people in surah 33:58
- those who spread slander/speak slander about women and men
- Allah uses another word in the Quran for slander, 'ifk'
- sometimes Allah uses the word 'buhtan' or sometimes He uses the word 'ifk'
- people slander your name sometimes if you are influential in society
- if they are jealous of your aqeedah they attack your character
- like what they did to the prophet (SAW)
And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves the crime of slander and plain sin. (Al-Ahzab 33:58)

Allah said:

Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women (by torturing them and burning them), and then do not turn in repentance, (to Allah), will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire. (Al-Buruj 85:10)

- this ayah (85:10) was revealed talking about when the Muslims were thrown in the ditched
- but it is a general ayah
- for anyone who harms the believers with his hands/tongue