Sunday, September 30, 2012

-355- Tafseer Surah TaHa (Part 4)

TAFSEER SURAH TAHA (43-73)
THE PHARAOH'S MAGICIANS EMBRACED ISLAM
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
07.04.2012 (Evening Dars)



Download Audio            Go to page

NOTES typed LIVE by AT21 and AT42
Edited and Formatted by AT21, AT7 and AT5


Bismillah...

OUR AQEEDAH is not to make takfir on the Ashaa'ira (those who say Allah is everywhere)
- it is not Shaikh's creed to make takfir on these
- so it reflects wrongly on Shaikh to say takfir on these people


AYAH 43


اذْهَبَا إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّهُ طَغَى

"Go, both of you, to Fir'aun (Pharaoh), verily, he has transgressed (all bounds in disbelief and disobedience and behaved as an arrogant and as a tyrant). (Ta-Ha 20:43)


AYAH 44


فَقُولَا لَهُ قَوْلًا لَيِّنًا لَعَلَّهُ يَتَذَكَّرُ أَوْ يَخْشَى

"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allāh." (Ta-Ha 20:44)


When we invite the kuffaar to Islam, we're to be gentle to them


AYAH 45


قَالَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا نَخَافُ أَنْ يَفْرُطَ عَلَيْنَا أَوْ أَنْ يَطْغَى

They said: "Our Lord! Verily! We fear lest he should hasten to punish us or lest he should transgress (all bounds against us)." (Ta-Ha 20:45)

This fear they had was a legitimate fear
- because the Pharaoh was known for being cruel and brutal
- we can't say Musa did shirk because he feared a man
- because what he feared was his cruelty

If we speak with hikma on the phone while we're in the US,
- we're not doing anything wrong
- using hikma to save ourselves from jail is not doing anything wrong
- because jail is a bad place; people get killed there
- the UK and US are brutal in locking up Muslims so we can fear their tyranny
- Musa (AS) feared the tyranny of the Pharaoh and he was not rebuked by Allah 'tala

The Pharaoh killed the boys and allowed the girls to live
- Musa and Harun made it known to Allah that they feared the tyranny of the Pharaoh
- if you fear going to jail, you haven’t done anything wrong
- jail is a scary place, you are separated from your loved ones
- jail is a bad place but, the good thing is that you can memorise the Quran
- only a fool doesn't fear going to jail because people apostate and get killed there

Some of you are so stupid that you speak incriminating things on your cell phone
- and send incriminating emails and answer those kinds of questions

When people ask incriminating questions, they are taping you, recording you etc
- on Skype or in PM they copy and paste
- they will put incriminating questions in the middle of two other questions
- this is their strategy

We can't call someone a munafiq if they fear going to jail
- oppression is worse than slaughter
- prison was established by the Pharaoh in Egypt

When Musa and Harun told Allah they feared the Pharaoh


AYAH 46


قَالَ لَا تَخَافَا إِنَّنِي مَعَكُمَا أَسْمَعُ وَأَرَى

He (Allāh) said: "Fear not, verily! I am with you both, hearing and seeing. (Ta-Ha 20:46)


- Allah 'tala had their 'backs'
- so if prophets feared tyranny and oppression,
- then we can't accuse a Muslim brother or sister of hypocrisy
- Shaikh would rather die in battle than go to jail
- because people apostate there

In UK, there was a man in prison and he went for breakfast
- they have prisoners serving prisoners there
- the prisoner wanted white bread and the one serving said I will give you brown bread
- so he stabbed the other prisoner because of a slice of bread

~TYRANNY and OPPRESSION are WORSE THAN SLAUGHTER~
...and Al-Fitnah is worse than killing...(Al-Baqarah 2:217)


AYAH 47


فَأْتِيَاهُ فَقُولَا إِنَّا رَسُولَا رَبِّكَ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلَا تُعَذِّبْهُمْ قَدْ جِئْنَاكَ بِآيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الْهُدَى

"So go you both to him, and say: 'Verily, we are Messengers of your Lord, so let the Children of Israel go with us, and torment them not; indeed, we have come with a sign from your Lord! And peace will be upon him who follows the guidance! (Ta-Ha 20:47)

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: Abu Sufyan narrated... Heraclius asked for the letter of Allah's Apostle and read it wherein was written: "In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. This letter is) from Muhammad, Apostle of Allah, to Heraclius, the sovereign of Byzantine... Peace be upon him who follows the Right Path. Now then, I call you to embrace Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be saved (from Allah's Punishment); embrace Islam, and Allah will give you a double reward, but if you reject this, you will be responsible for the sins of all the people of your kingdom (Allah's Statement): "O the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship None but Allah... bear witness that we are Muslims.' (Aali Imran 3:64)... [al-Bukhari (2941) and Muslim (1773)]

When the Rasool (SAW) wrote letters he always started with Bismillah
- and then he always invited people to Islam in his salutation
- look how short his letter was!
- but sometimes a khutbah in a masjid is 1 hour or more
- and the Rasool said make the khutbah short

'Ammar bin Yasir (RA) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying, "Prolonging Salat (prayer) and shortening the Khutbah (religious talk) indicate the religious knowledge of the person. Make your Salat long and your sermon short." [Sahih Muslim (2/594) No. 869]

Shaikh in South Africa
- he didn’t give hour long khutbas there because people have to go back to work
- he spoke for 20 minutes only

Why did we show you the Prophet's letter?
- sometimes Shaikh is scared to get a long email from people
- a sister wrote Shaikh a 50 page letter when he was in Belmarsh prison
- but the Prophet's letter was short and invited to Islam
- 2 pages is enough for a letter


AYAH 48


إِنَّا قَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْنَا أَنَّ الْعَذَابَ عَلَى مَنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّى

Truly, it has been revealed to us that the torment will be for him who denies [believes not in the Oneness of Allāh, and in His Messengers, etc.], and turns away.'(from the truth and obedience of Allāh)" (Ta-Ha 20:48)

Then, for him who Taghā (transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression and evil deeds of disobedience to Allāh). (An-Nazi'at 79:37)

And preferred the life of this world (by following his evil desires and lusts), (An-Nazi'at 79:38)

Verily, his abode will be Hell-fire; (An-Nazi'at 79:39)


AYAH 49


قَالَ فَمَنْ رَبُّكُمَا يَا مُوسَى

Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "Who then, O Mûsa (Moses), is the Lord of you two?" (Ta-Ha 20:49)

- the kaafirs of Makkah asked Muhammad (SAW) the same question
- Surah Ikhlas was revealed so he could describe his Lord to them

Say (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): "He is Allāh, (the) One. (Al-Ikhlas 112:1)

"Allāh-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). (Al-Ikhlas 112:2)

"He begets not, nor was He begotten; (Al-Ikhlas 112:3)

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him." (Al-Ikhlas 112:4)

WHY DOES HISTORY REPEAT ITSELF?
1. Human nature doesn't change
2. Sunnah of Allah 'tala doesn’t change

...So no change will you find in Allāh's Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allāh's Sunnah (way of dealing). (Fatir 35:43)

3. The web of the Satan doesn't change

~SHAITAN IS YOUR OPEN ENEMY~

...and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. (Al-Baqarah 2:168)

WHO IS YOUR LORD, Musa and Harun?
- why did the Pharaoh ask that question?
- he asked because he thinks he is the only lord

Then he gathered his people and cried aloud, (An-Nazi'at 79:23)

Saying: "I am your lord, most high", (An-Nazi'at 79:24)

"You came to invite me to worship your Lord, but I am the only lord"
- but Musa's answer was


AYAH 50


قَالَ رَبُّنَا الَّذِي أَعْطَى كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلْقَهُ ثُمَّ هَدَى

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright." (Ta-Ha 20:50)

What is the tafseer of this ayah?
- everything has its own distinct form
- birds look like birds and donkeys look like donkeys, etc.
- they can only cross if they are MANIPULATED and then they are not functional as normal
- no species was created CROSSED

Tampering with genes, altering genetics is the only way they can cross
- but Allah 'tala did not create anything crossed
- in zoos, they charge you money to see these make-believe forms

"Every living thing was given guidance"
- we have 2 eyes, a tongue, 2 ears, 2 lips, and the 2 highways

Have We not made for him a pair of eyes? (Al-Balad 90:8)

And a tongue and a pair of lips? (Al-Balad 90:9)

And shown him the two ways (good and evil)? (Al-Balad 90:10)

But he has made no effort to pass on the path that is steep. (Al-Balad 90:11)

The flat highway takes you to the Hellfire but the steep one takes you to Paradise


AYAH 51


قَالَ فَمَا بَالُ الْقُرُونِ الْأُولَى

[Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] said: "What about the generations of old?" (Ta-Ha 20:51)


- the tafseer of this ayah is many generations came before
- and they didn't worship Allah, so what about them?
- there were only 80 in the arc with Prophet Nur
- or the people of Ibrahim who worshiped the fire
- or the homosexuals of Gomorrah, who were worshiping idols and were gay

Musa's answer was


AYAH 52


قَالَ عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ رَبِّي فِي كِتَابٍ لَا يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلَا يَنْسَى

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record. My Lord is neither unaware nor He forgets, " (Ta-Ha 20:52)

Allah sent two prophets, not just one (Harun and Musa)
- so the Pharaoh had two prophets to show him the right way to Islam

"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allāh." (Ta-Ha 20:44)

Why is Pharaoh asking about previous generations?
- because Allah won't ask us about the previous generations
- he wasn't there, so he won't be asked about them
- Allah 'tala will ask Pharaoh about the 9 signs Musa brought to him
- to convince him of the right guidance
- kaafirs should be asking the quickest way to be saved from Hellfire

Shi’ites want to discuss with us Islam but they spend 3 hours
- discussing if Ali should be the caliph
- but Shi’ites won't be asked these questions on judgment day
- when Hasan al-Basri was asked about the fitna of Mu’awiya and Ali he quoted:

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. (Al-Baqarah 2:134)

It would have been more appropriate to ask how to save his neck (Pharaoh)
- Allah records everything

So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it. (Az-Zalzalah 99:7)

And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it. (Az-Zalzalah 99:8)


AYAH 53


الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًا وَأَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِنْ نَبَاتٍ شَتَّى

Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads (ways and paths etc.) for you therein; and has sent down water (rain) from the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation. (Ta-Ha 20:53)

Allah 'tala constantly mentions "road" because roads are barakah
- if we are stung by a snake in a jungle and there are no roads to come to us, we will die
- main roads in big cities do not have potholes
- these are the hallmark of a poorly developed country
- we challenge you to show 1 pothole between New York and Washington
- we take roads for granted
- the poorer a country is, the worse its road conditions are


AYAH 54


كُلُوا وَارْعَوْا أَنْعَامَكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِأُولِي النُّهَى

Eat and pasture your cattle, (therein); verily, in this are proofs and signs for men of understanding. (Ta-Ha 20:54)

Why did Allah mention cattle (Surah Baqarah and Surah An'am)?
- cattle are some of the most useful animals in the world
- even their droppings are used for agriculture
- the fertilizer comes from the cattle, their horns are used for Chinese medicine,
- we use it for plowing and eating and as a beast of burden (carrying things)
- the more cattle you have; the richer you are as a man
- this is why Allah 'tala mentions cattle
- they are so beneficial to us (their milk, their hair and their feces)

Hindus worship the cattle instead of Allah 'tala
- the Jews melted their gold into the shape of cattle instead of worshipping Allah
- people worship beneficial things
- people worship the sun


AYAH 55


مِنْهَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمْ وَمِنْهَا نُخْرِجُكُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَى

Thereof (the earth) We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again. (Ta-Ha 20:55)

And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. (Al-Hijr 15:26)

We have 5 colours of people in the world
- brown in Bangladesh, yellow in China, black in African, white in the west, red Indians in U.S

He said: "Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought out (i.e.resurrected)." (Al-A'raf 7:25)


AYAH 56


وَلَقَدْ أَرَيْنَاهُ آيَاتِنَا كُلَّهَا فَكَذَّبَ وَأَبَى

And indeed We showed him [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] all Our Signs and Evidences, but he denied and refused. (Ta-Ha 20:56)

- a secret about the pharaoh: in his heart he believed even though he denied and refused
- he was a munafiq

And they belied them (those Ayāt) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayāt) are from Allāh, and Mûsa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allāh in truth, but they disliked to obey Mûsa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So see what was the end of the Mufsidûn (disbelievers, disobedient to Allāh, evil-doers, liars.). (An-Naml 27:14)

On the authority of Muhajir bin 'Umayr that ‘Ali (RA) said: “What I fear for you is following your desires and hoping for a long life, for following one’s desires makes a man ignore the truth, and hoping for a long life makes him forget the Hereafter." [Fath ul-Bari Ibn Hajar (11/236), Qasr al-Amal Ibn Abi al-Dunya (1/50) No. 49 and Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (13/172) No. 10129]

- outwardly he denied out of pride and arrogance
- the scholars of tawheed use this ayah and say,
- to believe in Allah in your heart is not enough,
- you have to implement with your heart, tongue and limbs

Allah told us in surah 27:14 in the heart of the pharaoh he believed
- the murjia's aqeedah is to say: ‘I believe in my heart’
- to have the correct aqeedah you must have all three,
- conviction of the heart, declaration of the tongue and implementation of the limbs
- there is NO SUCH THING AS A NON-PRACTISING MUSLIM
- when the prophet (SAW) had POW’s they took their shahada
- the sahabah were concerned in case their shahada were fake, and Allah revealed 9:11

But if they repent, perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give Zakāt, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

- Allah put down 3 conditions in this ayah,
- and that there is NO SUCH STATEMENT AS: “A NON-PRACTISING MUSLIMS”


AYAH 57


قَالَ أَجِئْتَنَا لِتُخْرِجَنَا مِنْ أَرْضِنَا بِسِحْرِكَ يَا مُوسَى

He [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] said: "Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Mûsa (Moses)? (Ta-Ha 20:57)

- history repeats itself
- the pharaoh accused Musa (AS) of magic
- also when the moon split, Quraish accused Muhammad (SAW) of magic

The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (the people of Makkah requested Prophet Muhammad SAW to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon). (Al-Qamar 54:1)

And if they see a sign, they turn away, and say: "This is continuous magic." (Al-Qamar 54:2)

- so the kaafir of Quraish accused Muhammad of black magic
- we use the Qur'an to prove history repeats itself

~WHEN WE KNOW WHAT WAS, WE UNDERSTAND WHAT IS~

And thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that the way of the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners), may become manifest. (Al-An'am 6:55)


AYAH 58


فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّكَ بِسِحْرٍ مِثْلِهِ فَاجْعَلْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ مَوْعِدًا لَا نُخْلِفُهُ نَحْنُ وَلَا أَنْتَ مَكَانًا سُوًى

"Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a meeting between us and you, which neither we, nor you shall fail to keep, in an open wide place where both shall have a just and equal chance (and beholders could witness the competition)." (Ta-Ha 20:58)

Ikraah = duress (coercion)
- this is when we are forced to do something or we will be killed if we do not


AYAH 59


قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَنْ يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "Your appointed meeting is the day of the festival, and let the people assemble when the sun has risen (forenoon)." (Ta-Ha 20:59)

What is the tafseer of this ayah and why did Musa want the show in the daytime?
- at night time, Allah's signs might be hindered by vision and the night
- their festival was on their new year's day
- only 70 magicians came to display for Musa (the cream of his crop)
- Musa had knowledge of fihqul waaqi, so he chose their big day for a bigger gathering
- if we have a conference on Saturday, we have 200 but on Sunday, we have 2000
- to maximize the audience, choose the right day

HIKMAH - DO THE RIGHT THINGS AT THE RIGHT TIME AND IN THE RIGHT MANNER AND PLACE


AYAH 60


فَتَوَلَّى فِرْعَوْنُ فَجَمَعَ كَيْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَتَى

So Fir'aun (Pharaoh) withdrew, devised his plot and then came back. (Ta-Ha 20:60)

And Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "Bring to me every well-versed sorcerer." (Yunus 10:79)

The Pharaoh's honor was at stake


AYAH 61

قَالَ لَهُمْ مُوسَى وَيْلَكُمْ لَا تَفْتَرُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا فَيُسْحِتَكُمْ بِعَذَابٍ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنِ افْتَرَى

Mûsa (Moses) said to them: "Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allāh, lest He should destroy you completely by a torment. And surely, he who invents a lie (against Allāh) will fail miserably." (Ta-Ha 20:61)

Tafseer is DON'T INVENT A LIE AGAINST ALLAH 'tala
- the magicians will say they turned a handkerchief into a rabbit
- or they can produce an animal half dog and half goat,
- Allah didn't create any animal like that
- Cross-species is NOT Allah's creation

And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allāh, while he is being invited to Islām? And Allāh guides not the people who are Zālimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. (As-Saff 61:7)


AYAH 62


فَتَنَازَعُوا أَمْرَهُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ وَأَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَى

Then they debated with one another what they must do, and they kept their talk secret. (Ta-Ha 20:62)

History repeats itself....
- when Muhammad went to Makkah they wanted to know how to destroy him with slander
- they had a secret meeting on this and Waleed ibn Mugheera chaired their meeting
- and they decided to call Muhammad a magician

Verily, he thought and plotted; (Al-Muddaththir 74:18)

So let him be cursed! How he plotted! (Al-Muddaththir 74:19)

And once more let him be cursed, how he plotted! (Al-Muddaththir 74:20)

Then he thought; (Al-Muddaththir 74:21)

Then he frowned and he looked in a bad tempered way; (Al-Muddaththir 74:22)

Then he turned back and was proud; (Al-Muddaththir 74:23)

Then he said: "This is nothing but magic from that of old; (Al-Muddaththir 74:24)

"This is nothing but the word of a human being!" (Al-Muddaththir 74:25)

I will cast him into Hell-fire (Al-Muddaththir 74:26)


AYAH 63


قَالُوا إِنْ هَذَانِ لَسَاحِرَانِ يُرِيدَانِ أَنْ يُخْرِجَاكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِكُمْ بِسِحْرِهِمَا وَيَذْهَبَا بِطَرِيقَتِكُمُ الْمُثْلَى

They said: "Verily! These are two magicians. Their object is to drive you out from your land with magic, and overcome your chiefs and nobles. (Ta-Ha 20:63)

They said: Lo! these are two wizards who would drive you out from your country by their magic, and destroy your best traditions. Taha (20:63) [Pickthall]

The lesson we learn from these ayah:
- the kuffaar always devise plans to overcome us


AYAH 64

فَأَجْمِعُوا كَيْدَكُمْ ثُمَّ ائْتُوا صَفًّا وَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْيَوْمَ مَنِ اسْتَعْلَى

"So devise your plot, and then assemble in line. And whoever overcomes this day will be indeed successful." (Ta-Ha 20:64)

So when the sorcerers arrived, they said to Fir'aun (Pharaoh): "Will there surely be a reward for us if we are the winners?" (Ash-Shu'ara 26:41)

He said: "Yes, and you shall then verily be of those brought near (to myself)." (Ash-Shu'ara 26:42)

We're using one ayah to explain another
- they asked what's in it for me?
- people dabble in black magic because they love dunya and want fame and fortune


AYAH 65


قَالُوا يَا مُوسَى إِمَّا أَنْ تُلْقِيَ وَإِمَّا أَنْ نَكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَلْقَى

They said:"O Mûsa (Moses)! Either you throw first or we be the first to throw?" (Ta-Ha 20:65)


AYAH 66


قَالَ بَلْ أَلْقُوا فَإِذَا حِبَالُهُمْ وَعِصِيُّهُمْ يُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ سِحْرِهِمْ أَنَّهَا تَسْعَى

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "Nay, throw you (first)!" Then behold, their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to him as though they moved fast. (Ta-Ha 20:66)


AYAH 67


فَأَوْجَسَ فِي نَفْسِهِ خِيفَةً مُوسَى


So Mûsa (Moses) conceived a fear in himself (Ta-Ha 20:67)

The tafseer of this ayah
- Musa feared the magic would dazzle the people
- and the people wouldn't believe in his sign


AYAH 68


قُلْنَا لَا تَخَفْ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْأَعْلَى

We (Allāh) said: "Fear not! Surely, you will have the upper hand (Ta-Ha 20:68)


AYAH 69


وَأَلْقِ مَا فِي يَمِينِكَ تَلْقَفْ مَا صَنَعُوا إِنَّمَا صَنَعُوا كَيْدُ سَاحِرٍ وَلَا يُفْلِحُ السَّاحِرُ حَيْثُ أَتَى

"And throw that which is in your right hand! It will swallow up that which they have made. That which they have made is only a magician's trick, and the magician will never be successful, no matter whatever amount (of skill) he may attain." (Ta-Ha 20:69)

- Countries are poor when they dabble in black magic, such as Morocco and Haiti
- New Orleans is the capital of black magic in US (Louisiana) and it is the poorest state


AYAH 70


فَأُلْقِيَ السَّحَرَةُ سُجَّدًا قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ هَارُونَ وَمُوسَى

So the magicians fell down prostrate. They said: "We believe in the Lord of Hārûn (Aaron) and Mûsa (Moses)." (Ta-Ha 20:70)


AYAH 71

قَالَ آمَنْتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ فَلَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ فِي جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ وَلَتَعْلَمُنَّ أَيُّنَا أَشَدُّ عَذَابًا وَأَبْقَى

[Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] said: "Believe you in him [Mûsa (Moses)] before I give you permission? Verily! He is your chief who taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will surely crucify you on the trunks of date-palms, and you shall surely know which of us [I (Fir'aun Pharaoh) or the Lord of Mûsa (Moses) (Allāh)] can give the severe and more lasting torment." (Ta-Ha 20:71)


The Pharaoh had personality disorders, such as megalomania and narcissism and paranoia
- world leaders have multiple disorders
- George Bush said he heard a voice tell him to invade Iraq

…Verily! He is your chief who taught you magic… (Ta-Ha 20:71)

Tafseer: you learned magic from Musa and he's become your chief;
- do you want to destroy my kingdom?


AYAH 72


قَالُوا لَنْ نُؤْثِرَكَ عَلَى مَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالَّذِي فَطَرَنَا فَاقْضِ مَا أَنْتَ قَاضٍ إِنَّمَا تَقْضِي هَذِهِ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

They said: "We prefer you not over the clear signs that have come to us, and to Him (Allāh) Who created us. So decree whatever you desire to decree, for you can only decree (regarding) this life of the world. (Ta-Ha 20:72)


AYAH 73


إِنَّا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّنَا لِيَغْفِرَ لَنَا خَطَايَانَا وَمَا أَكْرَهْتَنَا عَلَيْهِ مِنَ السِّحْرِ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى

"Verily! We have believed in our Lord, that He may forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did compel us. And Allāh is better as regards reward in comparison to your [Fir'aun's (Pharaoh)] reward, and more lasting (as regards punishment in comparison to your punishment)." (Ta-Ha 20:73)

- the reward of Allah 'tala is Paradise for ever
- so we chose to die as martyrs