Tuesday, October 16, 2012

-359- Tafseer Surah TaHa (Part 6)

TAFSEER SURAH TAHA (72-79)
PHARAOH, THE OPPORTUNIST
by Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
07.10.2012 (Evening Dars)



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NOTES typed by AT38
Edited and Formatted by AT21, AT7 and AT5


Bismillah...


AYAH 72


قَالُوا لَنْ نُؤْثِرَكَ عَلَى مَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالَّذِي فَطَرَنَا فَاقْضِ مَا أَنْتَ قَاضٍ إِنَّمَا تَقْضِي هَذِهِ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

They said: "We prefer you not over the clear signs that have come to us, and to Him (Allah) Who created us. So decree whatever you desire to decree, for you can only decree (regarding) this life of the world. (Ta-Ha 20:72)

When Musa (AS) won against the magician of the pharaoh
- they said that the hujjah was shown to them and they believed in Allah and the Day of Judgment
- the pharaoh’s punishment is short-lived and hence they preferred it to the hellfire
- the leaders of today have personality disorders
- some think that they are Allah
- they expect people to take permission from them before believing in Allah


AYAH 73


إِنَّا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّنَا لِيَغْفِرَ لَنَا خَطَايَانَا وَمَا أَكْرَهْتَنَا عَلَيْهِ مِنَ السِّحْرِ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى

"Verily! We have believed in our Lord, that He may forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did compel us. And Allah is better as regards reward in comparison to your [Fir'aun's (Pharaoh)] reward, and more lasting (as regards punishment in comparison to your punishment)." (Ta-Ha 20:73)

The magicians used the word ikraah (forced) when referring to
- how the pharaoh made them perform magic
- all the tyrants are the same

REAGAN'S WARNING: http://articles.latimes.com/1985-10-11/news/mn-17021_1_clear-cut-case

- they all hear the voice of Iblīs
- like what George Bush said that he was inspired by a voice to invade Iraq
- this causes them to drag their empires to the dustbin of history
- they call themselves "super power" but Allah is the only Super Power
- all the so-called ‘super powers’ are in the dustbin of history
- to force someone by torture or threaten to do something is haram

IKRAAH - FORCE BY WAY OF TORTURE

TYPES OF IKRAAH

1. FORCED MARRIAGE

O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will,... (An-Nisa 4:19)

2. FORCED DIVORCED
- this divorce is not valid

3. FORCED CONFESSION
- this confession is baatil
- a person who believes in Allah and Day of Judgment will not accept this

4. FORCED APOSTASY
- you can renounce Islam if you are forced
- like Ammar ibn Yaasir (see 16:106)
- he did taqiyyah (deception)
- but taqiyyah is NOT allowed with Muslims; it’s haram

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment. (An-Nahl 16:106)

Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikûn (see V.2:105), and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: "We are Christians." That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. (Al-Ma'idah 5:82)

5. FORCED CONVERSION

There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (Al-Baqarah 2:256)

You are not allowed to force a person to accept Islam
- Jews and Christians might have been forced to accept Islam
- but they became good Muslims later
- this ayah (2:256) is not for Muslim in their ibadat
- the hypocrites put a spin on this ayah and refuse to perform their duties

That they have to feed the poor only, and do not have to make up the fasts. Among the Sahabah, this was the view of Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA). Ibn Qudamah also narrated this in al-Mughni (3/150) from Ibn 'Umar (RA). Abu Dawood (2318) narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) and Ali (RA) that this phrase; 'those who can fast with difficulty [Surah al-Baqarah (2):184] was a concession granted to old men and old women who find it difficult to fast, allowing them not to fast and to feed one poor person for each day instead, and the same for pregnant and breastfeeding women if they are afraid. Abu Dawood said, i.e., for their children they may not fast and may feed (the poor) instead.' Al-Nawawi said, 'it’s isnad is hasan.' This was also narrated by al-Bazzar who added at the end, 'Ibn Abbas used to say to a concubine of his who was pregnant: You are like one who cannot fast, so you have to pay the Fidya but you do not have to make up the fasts. Al-Daraqutni classed its isnad as saheeh, as stated by al-Hafiz in al-Talkhees

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Uqayli (RA) reported, saying “The companions of Muhummad (SAW) did not regard neglect of any of the deeds as disbelief as they did (neglect) of Salah." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/14) No. 2622 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/48) No. 12 who said it met the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Jabir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Between a man (Muslim) and shirk and disbelief lies neglect of salah.” [Sahih Muslim (1/88) No. 82, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13) No. 2620, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/219) No. 4678, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1078, Sunan An-Nasa'i (1/232) No. 463, Musnad Ahmad (3/370) No. 15021]

But if they repent, perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give Zakāt, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

6. IKRAAH TO DO MUNKAR
- If you drink alcohol under ikraah you are not held responsible
- Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and Imam Malik said that you can commit zina under ikraah
- but Imams Shafi’i and Abu Hanifa say no it is not allowed
- none of the imams allow you to commit sodomy under ikraah
- you should prefer to die than do so
- this is because homosexuality destroys your honour
- people can forgive zina but not homosexuality
- a gay can’t be a Muslim because the caliph killed and burnt their bodies
- and refused to pray janazah over them
- the Rasul (SAW) prayed janaza over the woman who was stoned to death for zina

Imran b. Husain reported that a woman from Juhaina came to Allah's Apostle (SAW) and she had become pregnant because of adultery. She said: Allah's Apostle, I have done something for which (prescribed punishment) must be imposed upon me, so impose that. Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) called her master and said: Treat her well, and when she delivers bring her to me. He did accordingly. Then Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) pronounced judgment about her and her clothes were tied around her and then he commanded and she was stoned to death. He then prayed over her (dead body). Thereupon Umar said to him: Allah's Apostle, you offer prayer for her, whereas she had committed adultery ! Thereupon he said: She has made such a repentance that if it were to be divided among seventy men of Medina, it would be enough. Have you found any repentance better than this that she sacrificed her life for Allah, the Majestic? [Sahih Muslim, Book 17, Hadith #4207]

There is no ikraah for murder
- the Pakistanis took side with America to kill the Afghanis
- and then claimed that they are under ikraah
- they even give them their air space and supply routes
- what else can we expect!
- they are Brevlis and the grave is their idol that they worship

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "O Allah! Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible." [Muwatta Malik (1/223) No. 570, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (1/406) No. 1587, Musnad Ahmad (2/246) No. 7352]

- there is no excuse for a mushrik; a mushrik is not a Muslim
- the Rasool’s father is in hell even though he didn’t meet him
- Murjia, Goofy Soofi, etc. give excuse of ignorance to the kuffaar

Narrated from Anas (RA) that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah, where is my father?” He said: “In Hell.” When he turned away he called him back and said: “My father and your father are in Hell.” [Sahih Muslim (Vol. 1, pg. 191) No. 203]

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes! We testify," lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this." (Al-A'raf 7:172)

- every deviant group rejects faith in an ayah or more
- only the Ashaa’ira has refused to debate us

A leader can’t be under ikraah
- the munafiqeen defend the leaders for dismantling the Shariah
- they claim the leaders are under ikraah

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) said: "Riba has seventy segments, the least serious being equivalent to a man committing adultery with his own mother." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/337) No. 2274 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/43) No. 2259]

They even accuse the Rasul of kufr
- when you join the UN you have to obey all their resolution
- except ISRAEL
- the Rasul never did this


AYAH 74


إِنَّهُ مَنْ يَأْتِ رَبَّهُ مُجْرِمًا فَإِنَّ لَهُ جَهَنَّمَ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَى

Verily! Whoever comes to his Lord as a Mujrim (criminal, polytheist, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah and His Messengers, sinner, etc.), then surely, for him is Hell, therein he will neither die nor live. (Ta-Ha 20:74)


AYAH 75


وَمَنْ يَأْتِهِ مُؤْمِنًا قَدْ عَمِلَ الصَّالِحَاتِ فَأُولَئِكَ لَهُمُ الدَّرَجَاتُ الْعُلَى

But whoever comes to Him (Allah) as a believer (in the Oneness of Allah, etc.), and has done righteous good deeds, for such are the high ranks (in the Hereafter), (Ta-Ha 20:75)

No Muslim will be in hellfire forever
- the kuffaar will be there forever
- they'll neither die nor live

But it will be avoided by the wretched, (Al-A'la 87:11)

Who will enter the great Fire and made to taste its burning, (Al-A'la 87:12)

Wherein he will neither die (to be in rest) nor live (a good living). (Al-A'la 87:13)

The high ranks here means Jannatul Firdaus
- this is the highest level in jannah

Ubadah bin As-Samit that the Prophet said, Paradise has one hundred levels and between each level is a distance like the distance between the sky and the earth. Al-Firdaws is the name of the highest of its levels. From it springs the four rivers and the Throne is above it. Therefore, when you ask Allah, then ask Him for Al-Firdaws. [Musnad Ahmad (5/316) No. 22747 and Sunan Tirmidhi (4/675) No. 2531]

Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated: While the Prophet (SAW) and his sahabah were sitting once, some clouds appeared overhead. He asked, "Do you realise what this is?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said, "These clouds (irrigate and) water the earth. Allah drives them to a people who do not thank Him and do not supplicate Him." Then he asked if they knew what was above them and on receiving an answer from the sahabah that only Allah and His Messenger (SAW) knew best, he said, "This is an elevated protective roof. It is like the sea without support." Then he asked, if they knew the distance between them and it. They pleaded, "Allah and His Messenger (SAW) know best." He said, "Between you and it lies a journey of five hundred years." Again he asked them if they knew what was above that and when they pleaded that only Allah and His Messenger (SAW) knew, he said, "Above that are two heavens, the distance between them being a journey of five hundred years till the count is seven heavens, the distance between every two being what it is between the heaven and earth." Again, he asked, "Do you realise what is above that?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger (SAW) know best." He said, "Above that is the throne and between it and the heaven is the distance between two heavens." Then he asked. "Do you realise what is underneath you?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger (SAW) know best." He said, "That is the earth." Then, he asked, "Do you know what is underneath that?" They said, 'Allah and His Messenger (SAW) know best." He said, "Below it there is another earth and between the two is the distance of a journey of five hundred years, till the count is seven earths, between every two earths is a journey of five hundred years." Then he said, "By him in whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, if you will throw down a rope to the lowest earth then it will drop down to Allah." He then recited: "He is the First and the Last, and the Manifest and the Hidden, and He is the knower of everything." (57:3) [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/403) No. 3298, Musnad Ahmad (2/370) No. 8814]

- the distance between the earth and heaven and another heaven from another
- is 500 years journey

Narrated By Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever believes in Allah and His Apostle, offer prayer perfectly and fasts the month of Ramadan, will rightfully be granted Paradise by Allah, no matter whether he fights in Allah's Cause or remains in the land where he is born." The people said, "O Allah's Apostle ! Shall we acquaint the people with the good news?" He said, "Paradise has one-hundred grades which Allah has reserved for the Mujahideen who fight in His Cause, and the distance between each of two grades is like the distance between the Heaven and the Earth. So, when you ask Allah (for something), ask for Al-firdaus which is the best and highest part of Paradise." (i.e. The sub-narrator added, "I think the Prophet also said, 'Above it (i.e. Al-Firdaus) is the Throne of Beneficent (i.e. Allah), and from it originate the rivers of Paradise.") [Sahih Bukhari (4/16) No. 2790]

There are seven earths, heavens and hell
- each paradise has some levels and each paradise has 100 levels
- and the distance between the two is the distance between the earth and sky
- the shuhada will be in Jannatul Firdaus


AYAH 76


جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا وَذَلِكَ جَزَاءُ مَنْ تَزَكَّى

‘Adn (Edn) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), under which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever: such is the reward of those who purify themselves [(by abstaining from all kinds of sins and evil deeds) which Allah has forbidden and by doing all that which Allah has ordained)]. (Ta-Ha 20:76)

There is a difference between paradise and heaven
- Adam (AS) was in heaven not paradise
- what is in jannah can neither be imagined, it was never seen or heard
- no one is in jannah now because the Rasul will be the first to enter it

On the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Amongst the prophets I would have the largest following on the Day of Resurrection, and I would be the first to knock at the door of Paradise.” [Sahih Muslim (1/188) No. 196]

On the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “I will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection and ask for it to be opened. The gatekeeper will ask, ‘Who are you?’ I will say: ‘Muhammad.’ He will say, ‘I was commanded not to open it for anyone before you.’” [Sahih Muslim (1/188) No. 197]

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA) from the Prophet (SAW), who said: "Allah (glorified and exalted be He) has supernumerary angels who rove about seeking out gatherings in which Allah's name is being invoked: they sit with them and fold their wings round each other, filling in that which is between them and between the lowest heaven. When [the people in the gathering] depart, [the angels] ascend and rise up to heaven." He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "Then Allah (mighty and sublime be He) asks them - [though] He is most knowing about them: 'From where have you come?' And they say: 'We have come from some servants of Yours on Earth: they were glorifying You (Subhana llah), exalting you (Allahu akbar), witnessing that there is no god but You (La ilaha illa llah), praising You (Al-Hamdu lillah), and asking [favours] of You.' He says: 'And what do they ask of Me?' They say: 'They ask of You Your Paradise.' He says: 'And have they seen My Paradise?' They say: 'No, O Lord.' He says: 'And how would it be were they to have seen My Paradise!' They say: 'And they ask protection of You.' He says: 'From what do they ask protection of Me?' They say: 'From Your Hell-fire, O Lord.' He says: 'And have they seen My Hell-fire?' They say: 'No.' He says: 'And how would it be were they to have seen My Hell-fire!' They say: 'And they ask for Your forgiveness.'" He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "Then He says: 'I have forgiven them and I have bestowed upon them what they have asked for, and I have granted them sanctuary from that from which they asked protection.'" He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "They say: 'O Lord, among them is So-and-so, a much sinning servant, who was merely passing by and sat down with them.'" He (the Prophet - SAW) said: "And He says: 'And to him [too] I have given forgiveness: he who sits with such people shall not suffer.'" [al-Bukhari (6408) and Muslim (2689)]

Their reward with their Lord is 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allah Well-Pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord. (Al-Baiyinah 98:8)

- Eden means eternity


AYAH 77


وَلَقَدْ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى مُوسَى أَنْ أَسْرِ بِعِبَادِي فَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ طَرِيقًا فِي الْبَحْرِ يَبَسًا لَا تَخَافُ دَرَكًا وَلَا تَخْشَى

And indeed We inspired Mûsa (Moses) (saying): "Travel by night with Ibādi (My slaves) and strike a dry path for them in the sea, fearing neither to be overtaken [by Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] nor being afraid (of drowning in the sea)." (Ta-Ha 20:77)

History repeats itself
- Muhammad (SAW) migrated at night

Allah said:

And We have put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and We have covered them up, so that they cannot see. (Ya-Sin 36:9)

- Musa escaped from Pharaoh AT NIGHT
- the Red Sea was in front of him but he was told not to be afraid
- Allah assured the Muslims with Musa (AS) that He'll grant them victory


AYAH 78


فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ بِجُنُودِهِ فَغَشِيَهُمْ مِنَ الْيَمِّ مَا غَشِيَهُمْ

Then Fir'aun (Pharaoh) pursued them with his hosts, but the sea-water completely overwhelmed them and covered them up. (Ta-Ha 20:78)

How can such a large multitude of people escape from the kingdom without them realizing it?
- the pharaoh’s pride was hurt when he wasn't aware when they escaped
- hence he pursued them


(Saying): "Verily! These indeed are but a small band. (Ash-Shu'ara 26:54)

"And verily, they have done what has enraged us; (Ash-Shu'ara 26:55)

- but Musa said:

And when the two hosts saw each other, the companions of Mûsa (Moses) said: "We are sure to be overtaken." (Ash-Shu'ara 26:61)

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: "Nay, verily! With me is my Lord, He will guide me." (Ash-Shu'ara 26:62)

- Musa was so confident that Allah will guide him because he was already given wahi
- the pharaoh pursued them but the sea water engulfed them

And (remember) when We separated the sea for you and saved you and drowned Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them). (Al-Baqarah 2:50)

Ibn Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah came to Al-Madinah, he found the Jews fasting the day of `Ashura'. Therefore he asked them about it and they said, `This is the day that Allah gave Musa victory over Fir`awn.' Then, the Prophet said, 'We have more right to Musa (than them), so fast it.'" [al-Bukhari (3943) and Muslim (1130)]

The Jews fast the 10th of Muharram to celebrate this victory
- but we either fast 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th to differentiate us from them

"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allah." (Ta-Ha 20:44)

- the pharaoh took his shahada when he was about to die
- but this was not accepted from him
- he was given 9 signs but he rejected them all

THE NINE SIGNS
1. Rod turning in to a snake
2. The radiant hand of Prophet Musa
3. Year of drought
4. The flood
5. Human and animal pandemic
6. Locusts
7. Lice
8. Frogs
9. Blood

Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Allah accepts repentance of His slave as long as he does not gasp for last breaths.” [Musnad Ahmad (2/132) No. 6160, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/547) No. 3537, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/322) No. 4253, Musnad Abu Ya'la (10/81) No. 5717, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/394) No. 628, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (9/281) No. 6661]

And they belied them (those Ayāt) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayāt) are from Allah, and Mûsa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allah in truth, but they disliked to obey Mûsa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So see what was the end of the Mufsidûn (disbelievers, disobedient to Allah, evil-doers, liars.). (An-Naml 27:14)

- why didn't he accept Islam when he was given the signs as in the case of the magicians?
- they were ready to die for Allah
- this is what emaan does to you
- it makes you want to die as a shaheed


AYAH 79


وَأَضَلَّ فِرْعَوْنُ قَوْمَهُ وَمَا هَدَى

And Fir'aun (Pharaoh) led his people astray, and he did not guide them. (Ta-Ha 20:79)

- you can't use this as an argument when you stand in front of Allah for not accepting Islam

"So now the Word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall certainly (have to) taste (the torment). (As-Saffat 37:31)

"So we led you astray because we were ourselves astray." (As-Saffat 37:32)

Then verily, that Day, they will (all) share in the torment. (As-Saffat 37:33)

Certainly, that is how We deal with Al Mujrimûn (polytheists, sinners, criminals, the disobedient to Allah, etc.). (As-Saffat 37:34)

- Allah said that they all shared in the torment
- the wife of the pharaoh, Asia accepted Islam
- and the pharaoh tortured her and killed her for that

On the Day when their faces will be turned over in the Fire, they will say: "Oh, would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger (Muhammad SAW)." (Al-Ahzab 33:66)

And they will say: "Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our great ones, and they misled us from the (Right) Way. (Al-Ahzab 33:67)

Some Muslims behave like this
- they dump Quran and Sunnah and follow the wicked scholars