Sunday, December 9, 2012

-410- How To Perform Hajj

HOW TO PERFORM HAJJ

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
10.06.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT7 and AT38
Edited and Formatted by AT7



Bismillah…


WHEN DID HAJJ BECOME COMPULSORY ON THE UMMAH?

-it did so 9 years after the hijra of the rasool (saw)
-and in order to perform hajj according to the prophet the person has to use halal money

1. HE SAVES OFF FOR HIS HAJJ WITH HALAL MONEY

2. HE SHOULD PAY HIS DEBT FIRST
-because man is vulnerable but Allah is not
-so you pay the man first then Allah

3. YOU SHOULD CHOOSE YOU’RE TRAVELLING COMPANIONS CAREFULLY
-because people perform a lot of kufr in their hajj


HOW TO PERFORM HAJJ?

The pilgrim needs to enter the state of ihram at the meeqat
-which is the position where the person needs to wear the ihram
-when you wear the ihram you are not allowed to wear underwear
-only women are allowed to

You take a shower, wear perfume and then wear the 2 pieces of cloth
-you should preferably wear sandals because you are not allowed to cover your ankles

You then perform 2 rak’ah of salah and declare your intention loudly

There are 3 types of hajj:

1. IFRAD
-when you perform hajj with no umrah involved
-the person performing this is not obliged to make any sacrifice

2. QIRAN
-when hajj is performed with the umrah
-this person is obliged to sacrifice an animal
-and this type is only allowed for people outside Makkah
-he has to put his ihram on until hajj begins
-which is 8th of dhul hijjah

3. TAMATTO3
-it means to perform umrah with hajj combined
-so he enters in a state of ihram during the hajj months;
-Shawwal, dhul Qa3daa and dhul hijjah
-then he takes off the ihram and is allowed to enjoy the worldly life including jima’a
-the word tamattu3 means to enjoy temporarily

Then he goes back to ihram on the 8th of dhul hijjah
-when hajj officially begins
-it is also only allowed for people who live outside of Makkah
-the person is obliged to offer a sacrifice

If the person cannot afford to offer a sacrifice:

1. He should fast 3 days in hajj
2. and 7 days when he returns

And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad), the Hajj and 'Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allāh. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel, etc.) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice. And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity - feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep). Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the 'Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu' and Al-Qirān), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-Harām (i.e. non-resident of Makkah). And fear Allāh much and know that Allāh is Severe in punishment. (Al-Baqarah 2:196)

The person at the meeqat enters into ihram and declares his intention openly
-if he is performing hajj alone he says labaika hajjan
-if combined with umrah he says labaika umrah wa hajj
-he recites the talbiya while travelling

Narrated By 'Abdullah bin 'Umar : The Talbiya of Allah's Apostle was :
لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، إِنَّ الحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالمُلْكَ، لاَ شَرِيكَ لَكَ
'Labbaika Allahumma labbaik, Labbaika la sharika Laka labbaik, Inna-l-hamda wan-ni'mata Laka walmulk, La sharika Laka' (I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call, and I am obedient to Your orders, You have no partner, I respond to Your call, All the praises and blessings are for You, All the sovereignty is for You, And You have no partners with you.) [al-Bukhari (1549) and Muslim (1184)]

You are saying oh Allah here i am at your service
-i listened to your call and i have responded to it because i am Muslim

When you go into the state of ihram 10 things are haram on you:

1. TO WEAR STITCHED CLOTHING

-only for men
-because women are allowed to wear ordinary clothing and briefs

2. TO COVER YOU’RE HEAD FOR THE MEN
-women cover their hair with hijab
-if the man covers his hair he has to sacrifice a lamb

3. TO COVER THE FACE FOR WOMEN
-some scholars use this argument to say niqab is Sunnah

4. TO COMB YOUR HAIR

5. TO CUT YOUR HAIR
-if you do so you have to sacrifice a lamb

6. TO CLIP YOU’RE NAILS

7. TO WEAR PERFUME AND USE SCENTED SOAP

8. TO HUNT

9. TO PROPOSE TO GIRLS OR CONTRACT A MARRIAGE

10. TO HAVE JIMA3
-if you do so your hajj becomes baatil and you need to return home

Only jima3 can destroy the hajj and nothing else

When the pilgrim goes to Makkah he should perform tawaaf qudoom, the arrival tawaaf
-on the 8th of dhul hijjah he goes to mina and stays there
-then he performs all his salah there
-he performs fajr of the next day then leaves for mount Arafat
-which is the 9th of dhul hijjah

Arafat is the most important pillar of hajj
-on mount Arafat he is supposed to join and shorten salatul dhuhr and asr

The Prophet (saws) said in one hadith: “Hajj is Arafah.” [Sunan Abu Dawud, book 10, #1944]

-he prays them at dhuhr time

On Arafat he should strive in dhikr, dua and istigfaar for all his sins

Abu Hurayrah (RA) who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity [rafath] or commit any evil will go back (free of) sin as on the day his mother bore him.” [narrated by al-Bukhari (1521) and Muslim (1350)]

When the sun sets he is supposed to leave mount Arafat for the valley of Muzdalifah
-and upon arrival there he is supposed to combine Maghrib and esha and shorten them
-to be like the prophet (saw)

After fajr at Muzdalifah he is supposed to leave for mina
-he is supposed to stone jamrat al aqabah
-this is the biggest one and it is nearest to Makkah
-he stones them with 7 pebbles (size of a date palm seed) reciting Allahu Akbar each time

The jamrat is stoned to enact what Abraham did when he was told to sacrifice Ishmael
-and was tempted by shaytan not to
-so he stoned him to get rid of shaytan
-so this scene is emotional

After the jamrat you make the sacrifice
-one man for one sheep
-or 7 people for a cow

After the sacrifice, men shave their hair and women clip the end
-then you make tawaaf ifada
-it is haram for a menstruating woman to make tawaaf
-because it is salah

Narrated By 'Aisha: We set out with the Prophet for Hajj and when we reached Sarif I got my menses. When the Prophet came to me, I was weeping. He asked, "Why are you weeping?" I said, "I wish if I had not performed Hajj this year." He asked, "May be that you got your menses?" I replied, "Yes." He then said, "This is the thing which Allah has ordained for all the daughters of Adam. So do what all the pilgrims do except that you do not perform the Tawaf round the Ka'ba till you are clean." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 6, Hadith #302]

Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The tawaf round the House is like the salah except that you converse during it (the tawaf). And, he who converses does not do so except with a good word. [Tirmidhi (3/293) No. 960, al-Bazzar (11/127) No. 4853, Ibn Khuzaymah (4/222) No. 2739, Ibn Hibban (9/143) No. 3836, al-Haakim (1/630) No. 1687]

However menstruating women can sae'e
-between the hills of Safa and Marwa
-this is done after the tawaaf ifada

The pilgrim then goes back to mina
-this day is called Eid, the 10th of dhul hijjah
-he spends 2 or 3 days in mina
-because Allah said:

And remember Allāh during the appointed Days. But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allāh (fear Him), and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him. (Al-Baqarah 2:203)

The pilgrim is exempted from the eid celebrations
-out of mercy from Allah

When he is in the valley of mina after the tawaaf,
-the only compulsory thing on him is to stone the jamaraat
-the small one, middle and big one with 7 pebbles each reciting takbeer
-he should do this after salatul dhuhr every day

After spending 2 or 3 days in mina after eid,
-the pilgrim will now go back to Makkah to perform the farewell tawaaf

SO THERE ARE 3 TYPES OF TAWAAF IN HAJJ:

1. TAWAF QUDOOM

2. TAWAF IFAADA

3. TAWAF WADA

Tawaaf qudoom is only compulsory on those performing hajj, qiran and tamattu3


THE 6 OBLIGATIONS OF HAJJ

1. TO MAKE INTENTION FOR THE TYPE OF HAJJ BEING PERFORMED AND TO OBSERVE THE RESTRICTIONS OF THE IHRAM e.g. TO CLIP YOUR NAILS


2. TO ATTEND ARAFAT ON THE 9TH OF DHUL HIJJAH

3. TAWAF IFAADA

4. TO PERFORM SAE'E ON EID DAY

5. TO SHAVE YOUR HAIR THE DAY OF EID OR TO SHORTEN IT

6. TO STONE THE 3 JAMARAAT DURING THE DAYS OF EID
-this eid is called eid Kabir
-because it is 4 days


THE VIRTUES OF HAJJ

1. IT WIPES OUT ALL THE PREVIOUS SINS BEFORE IT

Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Hajj wipes out whatever (sins) came before it.” (Narrated by Muslim, 121).

Abu Hurayrah (RA) who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity [rafath] or commit any evil will go back (free of) sin as on the day his mother bore him.” [narrated by al-Bukhari (1521) and Muslim (1350)]


2. ONE OF THE BEST DEEDS YOU CAN PERFORM

On the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was asked which deed is best. He said, “Belief in Allaah and His Messenger.” He was asked, then what? He said, “Jihad for the sake of Allah.” He was asked, then what? He said, “An accepted Hajj.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari (26) and Muslim (83)]

-The rasul (saw) named it as one of the best deeds (see hadith above)

3. IT IS THE JIHAD OF A WOMAN

Narrated `Aisha: (the mother of the faithful believers) I said, "O Allah's Apostle! We consider Jihad as the best deed." The Prophet said, "The best Jihad (for women) is Hajj Mabrur." [Sahih Bukhari (2/133) No. 1520]

-even though it is the jihad of a woman, women are allowed to do jihad
-if the ameer give them permission
- Umm Amara fought jihad in the time of the rasul (saw)

4. HAJJ IS A TICKET TO PARADISE

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said: “From one ‘umrah to another is an expiation for whatever (sins) come between them, and an accepted Hajj brings no less a reward than Paradise.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari (1773) and Muslim (1349)]

-an accepted hajj has no reward but paradise

6. MUJAHID AND PILGRIM ARE BOTH GUESTS OF ALLAH
-they recite the same talbiya

7. IS A SIGN THAT YOU ARE A TRUE BELIEVER

In it are manifest signs (for example), the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham); whosoever enters it, he attains security. And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka'bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah], then Allah stands not in need of any of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). (Aali Imran 3:97)

Ali (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “He who possess enough food for the trip, a means of transportation to reach to Makkah, and yet does not perform Hajj, then he dies, he would then die as a Jew or a Christian...” [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/176) No. 812, Bayhaqi in 'Shu'ab al-Iman' (5/443) No. 3692, Musnad al-Bazzaar (3/87-88) No. 861]


8. HAJJ IS A SIGN OF UNITY OF THE UMMAH

9. IT SHOWS THE UNIVERSALITY OF ISLAM
-All races and nationalities are there
-facing the same Qibla and praying in the same language (Arabic)
-this was what took Malcolm X from the NOI to the true Islam

...Their hearts are alike, We have indeed made plain the signs for people who believe with certainty. (Al-Baqarah 2:118)

10. HAJJ BOOST THE LOCAL ECONOMY
-You need to provide three meals a day for 2 million Muslims
-some of the richest Saudis live in Makkah and Madina

11. IT INCREASES YOUR LOVE FOR MAKKAH (THE HOLY LAND)

12. HAJJ REMINDS YOU OF DEATH AND RESURRECTION
-when you die you'll be buried in the same ihram you are wearing
-You’ll be resurrected naked but later cloth

Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) stood up to deliver admonition. He said, “O people, you will be assembled before Allah naked, and uncircumcised.” Then he recited: "As we originated the first creation so We shall restore it." (21:104) He said “The first one who will be clothed on the Day of Resurrection will be Ibrahim... [Tirmidhi 3178, Ahmed 1950, Bukhari 3319, Muslim 2869, Nisai 2083]

13. HAJJ GIVES YOU A REASON TO STOP HARAM
-E.g. a woman who used to commit zina will stop after performing hajj

14. HONOURING THE SUNNAH OF THE RASUL (saw) (KISSING THE BLACK)

Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said, after he kissed the Black Stone: “I know that you are only a stone and that you can neither benefit nor harm. If I had not seen the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kiss you, I would not have kissed you.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1520; Muslim, 1720).


15. WHEN YOU MAKE TAWWAF AROUND THE KA'ABA YOU ARE WALKING IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF ABRAHAM, MOSES, JESUS AND MUHAMMAD (SAW)

16. WHEN YOU DRINK ZAM-ZAM YOU REMEMBER HAGAR RUNNING BETWEEN THE TWO HILLS

-you remember that this water is holy water

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The water of Zamzam is for whatever it is drunk for.” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 3062; Ahmad, 14435. This is a hasan hadeeth; classed as hasan by Ibn al-Qayyim – may Allaah have mercy on him – in Zaad al-Ma’aad, 4/320).

Suwaid bin Saeed reported: "When the water of Zam-Zam was brought to Abdullah bin al-Mubarak I saw that he drank a little, then turning his face towards the Ka'bah supplicated, 'O Allah! Ibn Abi Al-Mawali told us on the authority of Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir, who narrated from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "The water of Zam-Zam is good for whatever one intends (while drinking it)." I intend to drink this water to spare myself from going thirsty on the Day of Judgment.' Then he drank the rest of the water." [al-Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al-Eman’ (6/30) No. 3833 and al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi in 'Tarikh Baghdad' (11/400) No. 3362]


17. WHEN YOU RUN BETWEEN SAFAA AND MARWA YOU REMEMBER THE MOTHERLY LOVE OF HAGAR FOR HER SON


18. WHEN YOU STONE THE JAMRAAT IT REMINDS YOU THAT LIFE IS A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE SHAITAN

-because the shaytan uses waswasa

19. WHEN YOU RETURN HOME TO JOIN YOUR FAMILY IT REMINDS YOU THAT ONE DAY YOU'LL REJOIN YOUR FAMILY IN PARADISE (insha Allah)





QUESTION 1:-

I studied arabic on a website named, shariahprogramme.com, and i paid for access to some lessons and studied some live classes which were recorded, i downloaded the lessons from the site, and the content, is it allowed for me to still benefit from everything i downloaded which i had access to, although i do not have access to it now on the website?

Answer 1:-
-learning Arabic is fard so you are allowed to benefit
-if you don't know Arabic you are living in sin

Imam Shafi'i (rh) said: "Every Muslim is obligated to learn the Arabic tongue to the utmost of his power in order [to be able] to profess through it that "There is no Ilah but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger" and to utter what is mandated upon him, the takbir, and what is commanded, the tasbih, and the tashahhud and others." [al-Risala al-Shafi'i (pg. 47)]

Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Moreover, the Arabic language itself is part of Islam, and knowing Arabic is an obligatory duty. If it is a duty to understand the Qur’an and Sunnah, and they cannot be understood without knowing Arabic, then the means that is needed to fulfil the duty is also obligatory.” [Iqtida' as-Sirat al-Mustaqeem (1/527)]

On the authority of ’Umar Ibn Dinar that ’Umar (RA) wrote to Abu Moosa al-Ash’aree (RA) and said: "Learn the Sunnah and learn Arabic; learn the Qur‘an in Arabic for it is Arabic." [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (6/116) No. 29914]




QUESTION 2:-

Assalamu alaikum sheikh, you said you need to pay the debt before going to hajj, what if you have debt from darul harb?


Answer2:-
-if it’s from darul harb then you don’t have to pay
-the only debt you honour is the one you owe to your Muslim brothers and sisters