Thursday, December 13, 2012

-414- Hadeeth Number 7: How To Be Sincere To The Ummah of Muhammad (saw)

SHARH OF THE 40 HADEETH OF IMAM AN NAWAWI: HADEETH NUMBER 7: 
''HOW TO BE SINCERE TO THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD (saw)''


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
10.10.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT38 and AT7
Edited and Formatted by AT7


Bismillah...


HADEETH NUMBER 7:

الحديث السابع
«عن أبي رقية تميم بن أوس الداري رضي الله تعالى عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال الدين النصيحة. قلنا: لمن؟ قال لله، ولكتابه، ولرسوله، ولأئمة المسلمين وعامتهم» .
رواه مسلم.
On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (RA): The Prophet (SAW) said, "The deen (religion) is naseehah (advice, sincerity)." We said "To whom?" He (SAW) said "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk." Related by Muslim.

There are 21 conditions needed to be sincere to the Ummah:

1. YOU HAVE TO LOVE YOUR BROTHERS AND SISTERS REGARDLESS OF LAND, LANGUAGE OR LABEL

The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy. (Al-Hujurat 49:10)

Beralvis love Hindus more than Muslims
-they don't know what al walaa wal baraa is
-label means nationalistic label

Narrated By Al-Bara' ibn Azib: The Prophet (SAW) said: "Two Muslims will not meet and shake hands having their sins forgiven them before they separate. [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/354) No. 5212, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/74) No. 2727, Musnad Ahmad (4/303) No. 18721, Sunan Ibn Majah (4/657) No. 3703]

Abu Dharr (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Your smile before your brother is a sadaqah for you, and your enjoining piety and forbidding evil is a sadaqah. Your guiding one who is lost on the land is a sadaqah for you. Your leading the blind is a sadaqah for you. Your removing from the thoroughfare a stone, a thorn or a bone is for you a sadaqah. And, your filling with your bucket the bucket of your brother is a sadaqah for you [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/339) No. 1956, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/286) No. 529]

-to smile to your brother is sadaqa
-but sadaqa begins at home so if you smile to your wife you get greater ajir

Abu Huraira narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “There are seven whom Allah will shade in His Shade on the Day when there is no shade except His Shade: a just ruler; a youth who grew up in the worship of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic; a man whose heart is attached to the mosques; two men who love each other for Allah's sake, meeting for that and parting upon that a man who is called by a woman of beauty and position [for illegal intercourse], but be says: 'I fear Allah', a man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity; and a man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed tears.' [al-Bukhari (660) and Muslim (1031)]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “By Him in Whose Hand is my life, you will not enter Paradise till you believe, and you will not believe till you love each other. Shall I not guide you to something which if you do, you will love each other? Give currency to salaam between yourselves.” [Sahih Muslim (1/74) No. 54, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/350) No. 5193, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/52) 2688, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/47) No. 68, Musnad Ahmad (2/477) No. 10180, al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari (980)]

-there will be seven people on Judgment day who'll be under the shade of Allah
-one of them is two people who love each other for the sake of Allah

When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things. (An-Nisa 4:86)


2. YOU SHOULD FEEL THE PAIN OF WHAT THEY FEEL
-You should feel what the Muslims in Gaza are feeling
-also in Syria, Somalia, Kashmiri, Chechnya

Narrated by An-Nu'man bin Bashir: The Prophet (SAW) said: “The likeness of the believers in their mutual love, mercy and compassion is that of one body; when one part of it suffers, the rest of the body joins it in staying awake and suffering fever.” [al-Bukhaari (6011) and Muslim (2586)]

The believers, men and women, are Auliyā' (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islām has forbidden); they perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give the Zakāt, and obey Allāh and His Messenger. Allāh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allāh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (At-Tawbah 9:71)

-the Muslims love one another and are allies of one another (9:71)
-the kuffaar use the labels to divide us

It was narrated from Abd-Allaah ibn Masood (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: "Whoever starts his day caring about something other than Allaah has nothing to do with Allaah, and whoever does not care about the Muslims is not one of them." [Narrated by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (4/356)]

The best way to start your day is to pray salatul fajr
-only menstruating women are allowed to start their day without salah
-because it is haram for them
-you should set your alarm to wake you up for fajr
-it is haram to live with a spouse who does not pray


3. YOU SHOULD LOVE FOR YOUR BROTHERS AND SISTERS WHAT YOU LOVE FOR YOURSELF

Narrated by Anas ibn Malik (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: “No one of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” [al-Bukhari (13) and Muslim (45)]

-some of you like to pick on Muslim women and make indecent proposals to them
-there are 2 types of proposals:

1. for marriage which is praiseworthy
2. for zina which is blameworthy

Would you like someone to propose zina to your women?

Abu Umamah (RA) saying that a young man came to the Prophet (SAW) and said, "O Messenger of Allah! Give me permission to commit Zina (unlawful sex).'' The people surrounded him and rebuked him, saying, "Stop! Stop!'' But the Prophet said, "(Come close)". The young man came to him, and he said, "(Sit down)", so he sat down. The Prophet said, "(Would you like it (unlawful sex) for your mother?)" He said, "No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.'' The Prophet said, "(Neither do the people like it for their mothers!)" The Prophet said, "(Would you like it for your daughter?)" He said, "No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.'' The Prophet said, "(Neither do the people like it for their daughters!)" The Prophet said, "(Would you like it for your sister?)" He said, "No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.'' The Prophet said, "(Neither do the people like it for their sisters!)" The Prophet said, "(Would you like it for your paternal aunt?)" He said, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! May I be ransomed for you.'' The Prophet said, "(Neither do the people like it for their paternal aunts!)" The Prophet said, "(Would you like it for your maternal aunt?)" He said, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! May I be ransomed for you.'' The Prophet said, "(Neither do the people like it for their maternal aunts!)" Then the Prophet put his hand on him and said, "(O Allah, forgive his sin, purify his heart and guard his chastity.)" After that the young man never paid attention to anything of that nature. [Musnad Ahmad, (Vol. 5, pg. 256) No. 22265]

-if NO why then do you do so to the women of your Muslim brothers
-imam Shafi'i said zina is a debt you owe
-so beware

Stay chaste and your women will be chaste, and save yourself from that which is unfit for a Muslim. Verily, adultery is a debt, if you have taken this debt, know that its payment will be taken from the people of your household. One who commits adultery, in return adultery will be commited with him, even though it will be commited against the wall of your house. O man! If you are wise then you should know it (Diwan Ash-Shafi'i)

If you wish success for yourself, you should wish same for them
-you are not allowed to rejoice about the downfall of your Muslim brothers
-this is the mentality of a munafiq


4. WHEN THEY WORK, PAY THEM BEFORE THEIR SWEAT DRY UP

Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Pay the labourer his wages before his sweat dries up." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/510) No. 2443]

-there are documentaries of people from Pakistan going to the gulf countries to work
-but they don’t get paid
-these people are not God-fearing
-because they will have to pay them on judgement day with their pious deeds


5. WHEN YOU BORROW MONEY FROM THEM PAY THEM BACK

Abu Huraira narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “The one who gets married with the intention not to pay dowry to his wife is a fornicator. And the one who borrows money with the intention not to pay back is a thief.” [Ibn Hibban in ‘al-Majruheen’ (2/261) No. 941]

Suhaib al-Khair narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Any man who takes out a loan, having resolved not to pay it back, will meet Allah as a thief." [Sunan Ibn Majah (3/486) No. 2410]

There are many such people in the ummah
-these people are thieves and will pay this back on judgement day with their good deeds

On the authority of 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA), who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) narrated to us: By Allah, other than whom there is no god, verily one of you behaves like the people of Paradise until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which is written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of the Hell-fire and thus he enters it; and one of you behaves like the people of Hell-fire until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of Paradise and thus he enters it. [al-Bukhari (6594) and Muslim (2643)]

-we covered hadith no.4 in which the rasul (saw) said
-someone will be an arm’s length from Jannat but will end up in hell

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Do you know who the bankrupt is?" They said: "The bankrupt among us is one who has neither money with him nor any property." He said, "The real bankrupt of my Ummah would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with Salat, Saum and Sadaqah (charity), (but he will find himself bankrupt on that day as he will have exhausted the good deeds) because he reviled others, brought calumny against others, unlawfully devoured the wealth of others, shed the blood of others and beat others; so his good deeds would be credited to the account of those (who suffered at his hand). If his good deeds fall short to clear the account, their sins would be entered in his account and he would be thrown in the (Hell) Fire." [Sahih Muslim (4/1997) No. 2581]


6. WHEN YOU BORROW THEIR PROPERTY YOU SHOULD LOOK AFTER IT

You should not be stupid to lend out your laptop or mobile phone
-the police in Kenya checked Shaikh's laptop first when he was arrested
-to check what sites he visits
-you should return the property in the same condition you borrowed it

Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat (all the duties which Allah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.)[] and to their covenants; (Al-Mu'minun 23:8)

-surah 23:8 praises the believers for being faithful to their covenants
-this is the same as taking care of property borrowed from a believer

Anas Ibn Malik (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) has never preached us without saying: "There is no faith for the one who has no amanah (trust) and no religion for the one who does not keep his promises." [Musnad Ahmad (3/135) No. 12406, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (9/387) No. 18851]

-if possible return it in a better condition than you borrowed it

O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allāh, He will grant you Furqān a criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you, and Allāh is the Owner of the Great Bounty. (Al-Anfal 8:29)

-if you have taqwa Allah will give you the 'firaasa' to recognise hypocrites
-so you won’t give them your property


7. DO NOT SELL THEM FAULTY GOODS

Abu Hurayra (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said, "Anyone who carries arms against us is not one of us. Anyone who cheats us is not one of us." [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #182]

SHAIKH IN KSA

A friend of his used to sell used cars
-and he told shaikh not to because he is studying to be a shaikh
-he said you need tadless (lying about the condition of the car) to do this business


8. DO NOT RIP THEM OFF WITH HIGH PRICES

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA) who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Do not envy one another, and do not inflate prices for one another, and do not hate one another, and do not turn away from one another, and do not undercut one another in trade, but [rather] be slaves of Allah and brothers [amongst yourselves]. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim: he does not oppress him, nor does he fail him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he hold him in contempt. Taqwa (piety) is right here [and he pointed to his chest three times]. It is evil enough for a man to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. The whole of a Muslim is inviolable for another Muslim: his blood, his property, and his honour." [Sahih Muslim (4/1986) No. 2564]

Some people go to auctions and bid
-but they are false bidders
-bidding to raise the prices


9. YOU ARE NOT ALLOWED TO TAKE UP WEAPONS AGAINST THEM

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "None of you must point a weapon at his brother for he does not know whether the devil may draw it out while it is in his hand as a result of which he will fall into a pit of hell." [al-Bukhari (7072) and Muslim (2617)]

Abu Hurayra (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said, "Anyone who carries arms against us is not one of us. Anyone who cheats us is not one of us." [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #182]

Narrated By Al-Ahnaf bin Qais: While I was going to help this man ('Ali Ibn Abi Talib), Abu Bakra met me and asked, "Where are you going?" I replied, "I am going to help that person." He said, "Go back for I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'When two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both the murderer as well as the murdered will go to Hell-fire.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! It is all right for the murderer but what about the murdered one?' Allah's Apostle replied, “He surely had the intention to kill his companion.” Bukhari - Volume 1, Book 2, Belief (Hadith 030)

You are not allowed to use weapons jokingly against Muslims


10. DO NOT UNDER CUT THEM IN THE MARKET PLACE

If you have Muslims selling the same product you should set the same price
-this ruling is only for Muslims not for kuffaar lands
-the rasul (saw) warned against this


11. DO NOT PROPOSE ON TOP OF THEIR PROPOSAL

You should not propose even if she said she is thinking about it






QUESTION 1:-

What extend do we go on as Brotherhood and sisterhood in Islam?


ANSWER 1:
-you help them; Allah will help you as long as you help your Muslim brother

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said “If anyone relieves a Muslims hardship in this world then Allah will remove from him a hardship of the hereafter. And if anyone conceals a Muslims fault then Allah will conceal (his fault) in the world and the hereafter. And Allah goes on helping the slave as long as the slave helps his brother. [Tirmidhi 1430, Muslim 2699, Abu Dawud 4946, Ahmed 7431]

-in the west they say God helps the man who helps himself
-there is some truth to this but it is mainly for selfishness this is said
-the use it to promote stinginess and greed



QUESTION 2:-

Assalamu alaikum shaikh, is there a fixed time given to the man to pay the dowry?


ANSWER 2:
-there is no fixed time, you can pay 10 years after
-sometimes a woman is rich and does not ask for the dowry
-some women ask for a Quran
-some forfeit the dowry
-some ask for a bottle of zam zam for the dowry
-not all women are poor

Shaikh paid his dowry some 5 years later; it was not an issue
-some men sell their daughters and put dowry money in their pockets
-in many Arab countries girls are 40 years old and still not married
-father is holding back for the dowry
-asking a lot of money for the dowry
-some want $20 000



QUESTION 3:-

Can you live with someone who doesn't pray if they are a family member, like a brother or sister?


ANSWER 3:-
-you can't live with a spouse who doesn't pray
-you can live with brother or sister who doesn’t pray

But if they repent, perform As-Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt) and give Zakāt, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (At-Tawbah 9:11)

-Allah put 3 conditions for a revert
-ibn Hanbal used this ayat to debate imam Shafi’i about those who abandon salah

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Uqayli (RA) reported, saying “The companions of Muhummad (SAW) did not regard neglect of any of the deeds as disbelief as they did (neglect) of Salah." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/14) No. 2622 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/48) No. 12 who said it met the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Jabir (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Between a man (Muslim) and shirk and disbelief lies neglect of salah.” [Sahih Muslim (1/88) No. 82, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/13) No. 2620, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/219) No. 4678, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/181) No. 1078, Sunan An-Nasa'i (1/232) No. 463, Musnad Ahmad (3/370) No. 15021]

-you can combine prayers
-and you have to make intention when you pray

Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW), say, "Actions only go by intentions. Everyone gets what they intend..." [al-Bukhari (1) and Muslim (1907)]

-intention is a condition for your salah to be accepted
-no intention means you salah is bautil