Wednesday, December 19, 2012

-422- Hadeeth Number 13

SHARH OF THE 40 HADEETH OF IMAM AN NAWAWI: HADEETH NUMBER 13

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
10.22.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT Notes, Mujjahidah101 and AT38
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7


Bismillah…


HADITH NUMBER 13:


الحديث الثالث عشر
«عن أبي حمزة أنس بن مالك رضي الله تعالى عنه خادم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى يحب لأخيه ما يحب لنفسه» .
رواه البخاري ومسلم.

On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (RA) — the servant of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) — that the Prophet (SAW) said: None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself. It was related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

When the prophet (saw) entered into Madina,
-he was served by Anas for ten years
-and not once did he raise his voice at him

Anas ibn Malik was from the tribe of Al-Khazraj.
-after the death of the prophet (saw),
-he participated in the battles to conquer nations
-he was one of the sahabah who lived the longest
-He died 93 years AH in Basra at the age of 103


SHARH OF HADITH:

This hadith is called the golden rule,
-you should treat people the way you would like to be treated yourself
-we should take their feelings into consideration
-and we are not to think of ourselves only

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said “If anyone relieves a Muslims hardship in this world then Allah will remove from him a hardship of the hereafter. And if anyone conceals a Muslims fault then Allah will conceal (his fault) in the world and the hereafter. And Allah goes on helping the slave as long as the slave helps his brother. [Tirmidhi 1430, Muslim 2699, Abu Dawud 4946, Ahmed 7431]

-this hadith means there is no room in Islam for selfishness
-me, myself and I; this is the mentality of the society of which we live in

But the golden rule which was established by prophet Muhammad (saw)
-and the previous prophets, is in conflict with the mentality of today's society

This hadith establishes the ethic of reciprocity,
-meaning do onto others the way you would like to be treated
-this ethic is supposed to erode diseases of the heart including envy and bad mindedness

The great imam an Nawawi has defined envy as:

Al-Nawawî defines envy as: “… to desire for someone who enjoys a blessing to become bereft of it, regardless of whether that blessing is of a religious or worldly nature.”

Al-Ghazâlî says: “As far as envy is concerned, Islamic scholars define it as the hatred of a blessing and the love that the one so blessed by it will become bereft of it.”

Whenever people see those who enjoy the blessings of Allah
-sometimes they become angry
-they would like to dictate to Allah who to bless
-they will even use black magic to break up man from wife

...And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave.... (Al-Baqarah 2:102)

The person with envy would like to dictate to Allah who to bless
-Allah (swt) has said I will disperse my blessing to whom I please

...But Allah chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)

In surah Falaq, Allah mentions black magic and envy side by side
-because whenever a person envies you
-they dabble in black magic to see the barakah taken away from you

Say: "I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak, (Al-Falaq 113:1)

"From the evil of what He has created; (Al-Falaq 113:2)

"And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away). (Al-Falaq 113:3)

"And from the evil of the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots, (Al-Falaq 113:4)

"And from the evil of the envier when he envies." (Al-Falaq 113:5)

The Jews had worked black magic on the prophet to see the knowledge taken off him

The kuffaar of Europe envy the prophet for his Izza (honour), his good name
-so they use cartoons to try to disgrace him
-however this had backfired

This hadith is not making takfir on those who act otherwise
-however if you do not wish for your brother what you wish for yourself
-you are suffering from weak emaan
-this is the sharh for the hadith

This is similar to the hadith;

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "An adulterer, at the time he is committing illegal sexual intercourse is not a believer; and a person, at the time of drinking an alcoholic drink is not a believer; and a thief, at the time of stealing, is not a believer." Ibn Shihab said: `Abdul Malik bin Abi Bakr bin `Abdur-Rahman bin Al- Harith bin Hisham told me that Abu Bakr used to narrate that narration to him on the authority of Abu Huraira. He used to add that Abu Bakr used to mention, besides the above cases, "And he who robs (takes illegally something by force) while the people are looking at him, is not a believer at the time he is robbing (taking).[al-Bukhari (5578) and Muslim (57)]

The man committing the zina is not a believer whilst on the act
-but is still a Muslim

The man who steals or drinks is not a kaffir
-only the Khawarij refer to those who drink or steal as kuffaar
-and if he dies without making taubah from these acts
-it doesn’t mean he died a Kaffir
-he dies as a Muslim however not a Mu'min
-Allah (swt) can forgive him

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. (An-Nisa 4:48)

There are Muslims who may celebrate your downfall, during hardship
-a Muslim should not be envious
-a man is a believer only if his neighbor is safe from his tongue and hands

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud: Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "Allah Most High has allotted you your characters just as He has allotted you your provisions. Allah Most High gives worldly things to those whom He loves and those whom He does not love, but He gives religion only to those whom He loves, so he who is given religion by Allah has been loved by Him. By Him in Whose hand my soul is, a man is not a Muslim till his heart and tongue are submissive, and he is not a believer till his neighbour is safe from injurious behaviour on his part." Ahmad and Bayhaqi, in Shu'ab al-Iman transmitted it.

Allah (swt) predestines everything

The best person on the face of the earth is a person
-who is blessed with deen and dunya-a rich muslim
-the worst person on the face of the earth is a poor kaffir


19 THINGS PEOPLE ENVY YOU FOR THE MOST

1. WEALTH

2. HEALTH
-health is wealth
-a sick person can't work therefore don't abuse your health
-no one will employ a person with AIDS

3. YOUR KIDS
-a woman who can't give birth to kids can't see kids

4. DUNYA EDUCATION

5. YOUR WIFE

6. YOUR HUSBAND
-do not disclose bedroom secrets with other people
-else the women might seduce him

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Indeed from the worst of people on the Day of Resurrection is one who has marital relations with his wife and then spreads her private matters.” [Sahih Muslim (2/1060) No. 1437]

Asma’ bint Yazeed, who said that she was with the Messenger of Allah (SAW), when men and women were sitting with him, and he said: “I think there are some men who talk about what they do with their wives, and that there are some women who talk about what they do with their husbands.” The people stayed silent. [Asma’] said: “Yes, by Allah, O Messenger of Allah, [women] do that and [men] do that!” He said, “Do not do that, for it is as if a male devil met a female devil in the street and had intercourse with her whilst the people were watching.” [Musnad Ahmad (Vol. 6 p.456) No. 27624]


7. YOUR TAQWA
-this is why a munafiq likes to slander Muslims because he envies you for your deen
-the kuffaar also envy you

Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even, after the truth (that Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allah's Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His Command. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things. (Al-Baqarah 2:109)

8. RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE
-the Jews of Madina envied the rasul (saw) for his knowledge
-this was why they caste black magic on him

9. YOUR YOUTH
-not every young person has good health
-youth and health is not the same thing
-many children in UK have diabetes
-their lifestyle is very static, they eat chocolate and sit at home watching TV

10. YOUR HOUSE

11. YOUR TRANSPORT (YOUR CAR)
-a person can have an evil eye on your car and you have an accident

“If there was [such thing as] bad omens in anything, they would have been in houses, spouses and horses.” [al-Bukhari and Muslim]

12. YOUR FURNITURE

13. YOUR JEWELERY
-some people get killed for their Rolex watches and gold chains they wear
-one of the reasons why gold is haram for men is that it hurts the feeling of the poor

14. YOUR BEAUTY/HANDSOMENESS
-some people throw acid on other people's faces because of their beauty

15. YOUR ELOQUENCE
-if you are erudite (can speak properly) it can cause envy

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: 'Two men came from the East and addressed the people who wondered at their eloquent speeches. On that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Some eloquent speech is as effective as magic."' [Sahih Bukhari (7/19) No. 5146]

16. YOUR CLOTHING
-the poor people buy counterfeit of brands because they envy the rich
-this is why the rasul (saw) cursed the one who worship dinar and dirham

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Prophet (SAW) said, "May he be miserable, the worshipper of the dinar and dirham, and the worshipper of the striped silk cloak. If he is given anything, he is satisfied; but if not, he is unsatisfied." [Sahih Bukhari (4/34) No. 2886]

17. YOUR HAPPINESS AND SELF CONTENTMENT

Narrated By Abu Huraira (RA): The Prophet (SAW) said, "Riches does not mean, having a great amount of property, but riches is self-contentment." [al-Bukhari (6038) and Muslim (2287)]

18. YOUR PRIVATE PARTS
-you are not allowed to take bath naked with other men
-this can cause envy

Bahz ibn Hakim reported from his father who from his grandfather that he asked the Prophet (SAW): 'from whom they should conceal their awrah and from whom not?' He said, “Guard your awrah except from your wife and what your right hand possesses (female slaves).” He asked, “O Messenger of Allah (SAW) what when people are with each other?” He said, “If it is possible that no one may observe your private parts, see that none sees them.” He asked, “O Prophet (SAW) of Allah what if one of us is alone?” He said, “But Allah has more right that people should be ashamed before Him.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/97) No. 2769, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/40) No. 4017, Musnad Ahmad (5/3) No. 20046]


19. YOUR NEIGHBOUR
-many at times you go for holiday and your neighbor looks after your house
-others breakdown your house when you are away

Luqman to his son, he said: “My son! I have carried grass-hoppers and cast-iron but I have never seen anything heavier (to bear) than a bad neighbour, and I have tasted all the bitterness, but I have never tasted anything more bitter than poverty.” [Ibn Abi Shaybah in 'Musannaf' (7/74) No. 34296 and al-Bayhaqi in 'Shu'ab al-Eman' (12/101) No. 9108]

20. YOUR IZZAH (HONOUR)
-on the newspapers all over the world the catholic priests make front page headlines
-they abuse kids
-the kuffaar wished they could tarnish the izza of the shaikhs
-they use cartoon, movies to try to take away the honour of the rasul (saw)
-but they can't do that because his honour is guaranteed by Allah

Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him))? (Ash-Sharh 94:1)

And removed from you your burden, (Ash-Sharh 94:2)

Which weighed down your back? (Ash-Sharh 94:3)

And raised high your fame? (Ash-Sharh 94:4)

They (hyprocrites) say: "If we return to Al-Madinah, indeed the more honourable ('Abdûllah bin Ubai bin Salul, the chief of hyprocrites at Al¬Madinah) will expel therefrom the meaner (i.e. Allāh's Messenger SAW)." But honour, power and glory belong to Allāh, His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and to the believers, but the hypocrites know not. (Al-Munafiqun 63:8)

-the scholars of Islam say that the best thing to wish for others is divine guidance
-because without this they can't answer the three questions in the grave
-this is why you should give da’wah
-but do not give it to anyone but only to those who show interest in Islam
-Allah (swt) put a condition on you giving da’wah

Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful. (Aali Imran 3:104)

Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). (Al-A'la 87:9)

"...Whosoever wishes to be removed from the Fire (Hell) and admitted to Jannah should die with faith in Allah and the Last Day; and he should treat others as he wishes to be treated..." [Sahih Muslim (3/1472) No. 1844]

The hadith (wish for yourself what you wish for others)
-means you should hate misfortune for your brothers and sisters
-the way you hate it for yourself
-some people find this hadith very difficult to practice
-but it is very easy for sincere Muslims to practice
-whose hearts are free from envy, selfishness etc.

Polygamy is an integral part of Islam
-all over the world women take shahada more than men
-but few women offer reverts to marry their husbands
-they prefer her apostate from Islam than to marry their husbands
-and then call her a munafiq when she apostate
-the sahabah were not like this

Narrated Ibrahim bin Sa`d from his father from his grandfather: `Abdur Rahman bin `Auf said, "When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah's Apostle established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi`. Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi` said (to me), 'I am the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.' `Abdur-Rahman replied, "I am not in need of all that. Is there any marketplace where trade is practiced?'
He replied, "The market of Qainuqa." `Abdur- Rahman went to that market the following day and brought some dried buttermilk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, `Abdur-Rahman came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah's Apostle asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, 'Whom have you married?' He replied, 'A woman from the Ansar.' Then the Prophet asked, 'How much did you pay her?' He replied, '(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet said, 'Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .'" [Sahih Bukhari (3/52) No. 2048]

He replied, "The market of Qainuqa." `Abdur- Rahman went to that market the following day and brought some dried buttermilk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, `Abdur-Rahman came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah's Apostle asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, 'Whom have you married?' He replied, 'A woman from the Ansar.' Then the Prophet asked, 'How much did you pay her?' He replied, '(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet said, 'Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep.'" [Sahih Bukhari (3/52) No. 2048]

And those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and had adopted the Faith, love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their breasts for that which they have been given (from the booty of Banī An-Nadīr), and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves, even though they were in need of that. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful. (Al-Hashr 59:9)

-the sahabah practiced the hadith literally even when death was looking at them in the face

Habeeb bin Abi Thaabit narrates that Haarith bin Hishaam, Ikrama bin Abi Jahal and Ayaash bin Rabee'ah (RA) were all fatally wounded during the Battle of Yarmook. When Haarith bin Hishaam asked for some water and was about to drink it, Ikrama looked at him. Haarith said, "Give the water to Ikrama." When Ikrama took the water, Ayaash looked at him. Ikrama therefore asked that the water be given to Ayaash. However, before the water could reach Ayaash he had already passed away. By the time the water reached the others, they had also passed away. [Mustadrak al-Haakim (3/270) No. 5058]

-only a person with a pure heart can practice this prophetic instruction of the rasul

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Beware of envy! Indeed the envy eats up good deeds like the fire eats up wood” [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/276) No. 4903]

Ibn Masood (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: "Do not wish to be like anyone, except in two cases: (1) A man whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously. (2) A man whom Allah has given wisdom (knowledge of the Qur'an and the Hadith) and he acts according to it and teaches it to others." [al-Bukhari (1409) and Muslim (816)]

Ibn 'Umar (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Envy is justified in regard to two types of persons only: a man whom Allah has given knowledge of the Qur'an, and so he recites it during the night and during the day; and a man whom Allah has given wealth and so he spends from it during the night and during the day." [al-Bukhari (7529) and Muslim (815)]






QUESTION 1:-

Assalamu alaikum shaikh, will the tale bearer never enter paradise even if he is a Muslim?

ANSWER 1:-
-the talebearer will enter paradise after he has burned in hell for a while
-he is not a kaffir



QUESTION 2:-

Polygamy is recommended for those who are capable; does sleeping with many wives give sexually transmitted diseases? If not what is the main cause of sexually transmitted disease such as HIV?

ANSWER 2:-
-HIV is pandemic. This cannot be used to cancel polygamy
-they can take the HIV test
-polygamy is until the day of judgement
-prophet (saw) said there will be 50 women to one man in the last days
-the fault is in man not in polygamy



QUESTION 3:-

Assalamu alaikum shaikh, when using the notes and lectures some Muslims say that it is not wise because some of it will cause red flags. What is the best way to conduct this?

ANSWER 3:-
-some things are not typed because it seems too graphic or radical
-mark out the things you think are not good for the talk
-you can hide knowledge if it causes you to go to jail

Narrated By Abu Huraira: I have memorized two kinds of knowledge from Allah's Apostle. I have propagated one of them to you and if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) would be cut (i.e. killed). [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #121]

-not everyone/shaikh can handle jail
-shaikh teased the inmates by the grace of Allah and he left prison unscathed
-the white man preaches freedom of speech but doesn’t practice it
-all the homosexuals and racists lesbians have freedom of speech
-not the Muslims