Wednesday, December 19, 2012

-424- THE RULES AND MERITS OF EID-UL-ADHA


THE RULES AND MERITS OF EID-UL ADHA

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
10.25.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT38
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7


Bismillah...


WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF EID?

It is taken from the root word Adaa ya'oodu Eid (that which keeps returning)
-in the days of jaahiliyyah they used to have two days as eid
-but when the rasul (saw) established the Islamic state
-they exchanged them, eid ul adha and eid ul fitr

"The Prophet (SAW) came to Madinah and the people of Madinah had, in Jaahiliyyah two days for play and amusment. So the Prophet (SAW) said: 'I came to you and you had, in Jaahiliyyah two days for play and amusement Indeed Allaah has replaced them for you by that which is better than them: The dav of Nahr (Slaughteung) and the day of Fitr (Breaking fast).'" Saheeh. Reported by Ahmad (3/103.178.235). Aboo Daawood (1134). an Nasaa'ee (3/179) and al-Baghawee (1098).

-Friday is the eid of the week and is makrooh to fast on Friday alone

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated: “I heard the Prophet (SAW) say, ‘None of you should fast on a Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after.’” [al-Bukhari (1985) and Muslim (1144)]

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said, “Do not single out the night (preceding) Friday (from among the nights) for prayer; and do not single out Friday (from among the days) for fasting, unless it occurs during a day of fasting, which one of you normally observes.” [Sahih Muslim (2/801) No. 1144]

Ibn Qudaamah said: “It is makrooh to single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that coincides with a fast which one usually observes, such as a person who fasts alternate days, and a day that he fasts coincides with Friday, or a person who has the habit of fasting on the first or last day of the month, or the middle day of the month.” (al-Mughni, vol. 3, p. 53)

'Ammar bin Yasir (RA) reported: "He who observes the fast on a doubtful day, has in fact disobeyed Abul-Qasim." [Sunan Abu Dawud (2/300) No. 2334, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/70) No. 686, Sunan al-Nasa'i (4/153) No. 2188, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/561) No. 1645, Sunan al-Darime (2/5) No. 1682]

-it is haram to fast on eid day and if you do so you have disobeyed Allah (swt) and His rasul

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) forbade fasting on the day of (Eid) al-Fitr and al-Nahr (the day of sacrifice, i.e., Eid al-Adha).” [al-Bukhari (1991) and Muslim

-Eid Ul Adha is the day after Arafat (the big Eid)
-it is four days (10, 11, 12 and 13 of Dhul hijjah)

Nubaisha al-Hudhali narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: “The days of al-Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allah.” [Sahih Muslim (2/800) No. 1141]

If you are on hajj you are exempted from the Eid celebrations and the fasting of Arafat

Abu Qatada reported ...Thereupon he (the Messenger of Allah) said: I wish, I were given strength to observe that. Thereafter he said: The observance of three days' fast every Month and that of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fasting. I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of 'Arafa may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming years and I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of Ashura may atone for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim, Book 6, Hadith #2602]

If you are going for Eid ul fitr the Sunnah is you eat something before leaving your house
-but for eid ul adha you should not eat something before leaving
-but eat after coming from salah
-you eat from the meat that is slaughtered

To slaughter an animal is Sunnah mu’akadah
-to celebrate the action of Ibrahim (a.s) when he was about to sacrifice his one and only son -in obedience to Allah (swt)

The Sunnah is to wear your best clothing in both Eids
-you should also wear your best perfume
-women can wear perfume if the sexes are secluded
-you should also prepare the most delicious food

Ibn 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "'Umar (may' Allaah be pleased with him) bought a silk outer-garment that was being sold in the market. He came to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and said, 'Take this garment, to adorn (yourself) with on 'Eid ul-Fitr and for meeting delegations with [Reported by al-Bukhaaree (886). Muslim (2068)]

It is allowed to beat the drums and sing on eid day
-Aisha (r.a) had singing girls on eid day and the rasul (saw) didn't object
-the lyrics were innocent and no need to stop them
-the Ethiopians also used to play with their swords in the masjid of the rasul (saw)
-and he didn't object

'Aishah narrated that during the days of Mina, on the day of 'Eid al-Adha, two girls were with her, singing and playing on a hand drum. The Prophet (peace be on him) was present, listening to them with his head under a shawl. Abu Bakr then entered and scolded the girls. The Prophet (peace be on him), uncovering his face, told him, "Let them be, Abu Bakr. These are the days of 'Eid." [Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

A hadith about the singing girls, the Abyssinians playing with spears in the Prophet's Mosque, the Prophet's encouraging them by saying, "Carry on, O Bani Arfidah," his asking his wife, 'Aishah, "Would you like to watch?" and standing there with her until she herself became tired and went away, and 'Aisha’s playing with dolls with her friends. [Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

There are 7 takbeers in the first rak’ah and 5 in the second

‘A’isha (RA) narrated “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) would say takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha; seven takbeers in the first rak’ah and five takbeers in the second.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/299) No. 1149]

-you should go and come by different routes to meet as many Muslims as possible

Jaabir bin 'Abdullaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: "When it was the day of 'Eid ul-Fitr the Prophet (SAW) used to alter his route (of returning)."Reported by al-Bukhaaree (986).

-it is ok to give eid cards and wish eid Mubarak

It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: “When the companions of the Prophet (SAW) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another, تَقَبَّلَ اللَّهُ مِنَّا وَمِنْكَ “Taqabbal Allah minna wa minkum” (May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you). [Fathul Bari (2/446) Ibn Hajar said, its isnaad is hasan (good)]

There is no Sunnah salah before or after the eid salah
-the rasul (saw) never did that
-there is no adhan or iqamah for the salah too
-anyone doing so is committing bid'ah

The khutba is done after the salah
-there is only one khutba for eid salah not two like Jumm’ah salah

Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah who said: “The Prophet (SAW) came out on the day of al-Fitr and started with the prayer before the khutbah.” [al-Bukhari (958) and Muslim (885)]

-if eid falls on a Friday, it cancels the salatul jumm’ah

Iyas ibn Abi Ramlah ash-Shami said: 'I witnessed Mu'awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan asking Zayd ibn Arqam: “Have you witnessed along with the Messenger of Allah (SAW) the Friday and 'Eid prayers coinciding on the same day?” He said: “Yes.” He asked: “What did he do?” He replied: 'He offered the 'Eid prayer, then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said: “He amongst you who desires to pray them, pray.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/281) No. 1070, Sunan al-Darime (1/459) No. 1612, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/342) No. 1310, Sunan al-Nasa'i (3/194) No. 1591, Musnad Ahmad (4/372) No. 19337, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/425) No. 1063, Tarikh al-Kabir al-Bukhari (pg. 704) No. 326]

-those who pray it did nothing wrong anyway

Ata' ibn Abu Rabah said: 'Ibn az-Zubayr led us in the 'Eid prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas was present in at-Ta'if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said: “He followed the sunnah.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/281) No. 1071 and Sunan al-Nasa'i (3/194) No. 1592]

Ata' said: 'The Friday and the 'Eid prayers coincided on the same day during the time of Ibn az-Zubayr, He said: Two 'Eids coincided on the same day and so they were both joined together by making them one. He prayed on the day of Jumu'ah two raka'hs in the morning and he did not add to them until he prayed Asr Prayer.' [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/281) No. 1072 and Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (3/303) No. 5725]


HUKM FOR EID (SUNNAH OR FARD)

Abu Hanifa said it is waajib and others say it is Sunnah
-Ibn Taymiyya agrees with Abu Hanifa
-because it cancels jumm’ah salah

Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said:"...and consequently we have deemed as being the strongest opinion that the 'Eid ul-Fitr prayer is obligatory upon all individuals. Like the opinion of Aboo Haneefah Refer to Hashiyah ibn 'Aabideen (2/166) and that which comes after it.

-also surah Al Kawthar

Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) Al-Kauthar (a river in Paradise); (Al-Kawthar 108:1)

Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). (Al-Kawthar 108:2)

For he who makes you angry (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), - he will be cut off (from every good thing in this world and in the Hereafter). (Al-Kawthar 108:3)

-another evidence is, even menstruating women are commanded to attend the congregation
-but they don't pray
-there it is waajib and is fard ayn and not fard kifaaya

Umm ‘Atiyyah (RA) narrated: 'The Messenger of Allah (SAW) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us does not have a jilbab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”' [al-Bukhari (324) and Muslim (890)]

Going to the grave on eid day has no hadith to back it up
-it is just a practice in the Muslim world


MERITS OF EID

1. IT UNITES THE UMMAH

Even the Berailvis are going to do their eid tomorrow
-this is not normal for them because they always do so the day after we celebrate our eid

2. IT SHOWS YOUR OBEDIENCE TO ALLAH

You are not fasting on the day because it is haram

3. IT BRINGS JOY TO THE UMMAH

You are celebrating with the most beautiful clothing
-and the most delicious food and drink

4. IT REMOVES GRUDGES

You are hugging your brothers and sisters

5. YOU EXTEND LOVE AND COMPASSIONATE TO THE POOR

They are given from the meat you slaughter

6. IT GENERATES WEALTH IN THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY

The one selling jewelry, catering etc. have a lot of orders
-the man in the business of renting cars also makes money

7. IT IS A DAY OF IDENTITY

This is why you celebrate eid
-because you consider yourself a Muslim

8. IT IS A DAY OF ACCOMPLISHMENT

It gives you a feeling that you have accomplished something
-you use your money earned from halal sources and buy your sacrifice

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If anyone amasses wealth through haram means and then gives charity from it, there is no regard for him and the burden of sin remains." [Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (4/110) No. 2471, Sahih Ibn Hibban (8/11) No. 3216 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/548) No. 1440]


9. IT IS A DAY OF SOLIDARITY

The imam always highlights the plight of the Muslims
-in the other parts of the world in the khutba

10. IT BRINGS JOY TO THE UMMAH

It is a day of exchanging gifts and visits

11. IT IS A DAY OF FORGIVENESS

12. IT IS A DAY OF THANKFULNESS

13. IT IS A DAY A SACRIFICE

The animal sacrificed will remind you that this deen can only survive with sacrifice