Wednesday, December 19, 2012

-425- Hadeeth Number 15

SHARH OF THE 40 HADEETH OF IMAM AN NAWAWI: HADEETH NUMBER 15

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
10.28.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT7
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7


Bismillah…


HADEETH NUMBER 15:

الحديث الخامس عشر
«عن أبي هريرة رضي الله تعالى عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال: من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليقل خيرا أو ليصمت، ومن كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليكرم جاره، ومن كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليكرم ضيفه» .
رواه البخاري ومسلم.

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (RA), that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: Let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day speak good, or keep silent; and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour; and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his guest. It was related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

The sharh for this hadith will be very long
-because there are 3 topics in this hadith
-and you can write a book on each topic

The rasul (saw) touched on three issues in the hadith:
1. The bad consequences of the tongue
2. The excellences of looking at your neighbour
3. The virtue of looking after your guests

One of the bad consequences of the tongue is to be deceived with regards the hereafter
-the wicked scholars deceive you through speech
-they are the worst con artist

Abu Dhar said, "I was with the Prophet (SAW) one day and I heard him saying: "There is something I fear for my Ummah than the Dajjal." It was then that I became afraid, so I said: "Oh Rasool Allah! Which thing is that?" He (SAW) said; "Misguided and astray scholars." [Musnad Ahmad (5/145) No. 21334 and 21335]

-these people have a silver tongue
-they make the baatil look like the truth

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: 'Two men came from the East and addressed the people who wondered at their eloquent speeches. On that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Some eloquent speech is as effective as magic."' [Sahih Bukhari (7/19) No. 5146]

Anas ibn Malik (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, ‘The time of the Dajjal will be years of confusion. People will believe a liar, and disbelieve one who tells the truth. People will distrust one who is trustworthy, and trust one who is treacherous; and the Ruwaybidah will have a say.’ Someone asked, ‘Who are the Ruwaybidah?’ He said, ‘Those who rebel against Allah and will have a say in general affairs.’” [Musnad Ahmad (3/220) No. 13322]

Many wars started because of the bad consequence of the tongue
-the Iraq war is an example of this

In 2005 a huge war took place between the Asian and the Black community
-a Black girl did something inappropriate in an Indian shop
-and the shopkeeper handled her
-she told the black community that she was a victim of attempted rape

The tongue of a woman is very dangerous

Narrated By Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said: "I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?" (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favours and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have never received any good from you." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith #028]

-the prophet (saw) said the women curse too much

The tongue and the private parts are linked

Narrated By Sahl bin Sa'd: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e. his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him." [Sahih Bukhari (8/100) No. 6474]

"O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk is in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Holy Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but (at the same time) robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you. Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with religion? He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man that is a proof of the lack of common sense." Saheeh Muslim

"The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad." Then he (SAW) said, "Shall I not tell you of the foundation of all of that?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." So he took hold of his tongue and said, "Restrain this." I said, "O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?" He (SAW) said, "May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?" [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/11) No. 2616, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/116) No. 3973, Musnad Ahmad (5/231) No. 22069]

The prophet (saw) said:

On the authority of 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: "A Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe; and a Muhajir (Emigrant) is the one who refrains from what Allah has forbidden." [al-Bukhari (10) and Muslim (40)]

Allah said:

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allāh. Verily, Allāh is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (Al-Hujurat 49:12)

Why did Allah arrange the sins in this manner?

1. SUSPICION

2. SPYING

3. BACKBITING

We are not allowed to be suspicious without a base
-and we are not allowed to spy on each other

Allah said:

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). (Qaf 50:18)

It has been reported that a man was brought before Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) because his beard was giving out smell of wine. Ibn Mas'ud said: "We have been prohibited from spying (on Muslims) and finding faults (with them). But if something is clear to us, then we punish for it." [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/272-273) No. 4890]

-there are angels that write down whatever you say or do
-and this will be held for or against you on judgement day

Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. (Al-Humuzah 104:1)

Who has gathered wealth and counted it, (Al-Humuzah 104:2)

He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever! (Al-Humuzah 104:3)

Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire. (Al-Humuzah 104:4)

The prophet (saw) said:
-the tale bearer will never enter paradise

It is reported from Hudhaifa that news reached him (the Holy Prophet) that a certain man carried tales. Upon this Hudhaifa remarked: I heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) saying: "The tale-bearer shall not enter Paradise." [al-Bukhari (6056) and Muslim (189)]

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves, and those two persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He said, "They are being tortured not for a great thing (to avoid). One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). He then took a green leaf of a date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on each grave. The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you done so?" He replied, "I hope that their punishment may be lessened till they (the leaf) become dry." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #443]

The prophet (saw) was blessed with many miracles
-and one of them took place in Ramadan

Ubaid, the freed slave of the Prophet (SAW), reported “Two women were once fasting during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger and they almost died of thirst. This was mentioned to the Prophet (SAW) but he turned away from (allowing) them (to break the fast). Then they were mentioned to him again, so he called for them and ordered them to vomit, i.e. throw up, what was in their stomachs. So they both vomited and filled up a bowl with puss, blood and pieces of flesh. Then the Prophet (SAW) said: ‘These two fasted by refraining from what Allah made lawful for them. but they broke their fast by doing what Allah made unlawful for them. One of them sat with the other and they began to eat from the flesh of people.’” [Musnad Ahmad (5/431) No. 23703]

-the honour is sacred

Narrated By Uqbah ibn Amir: The Prophet (SAW) said: "He who sees something which should be kept hidden and conceals it will be like one who has brought to life a girl buried alive." [Abu Dawood (4/273, No. 4891), al-Hakim (4/426, No. 8162), al-Bayhaqi (8/331, No. 17387), Sunan Kubra Nasa'i (4/307, No. 7281), At-Tabarani (17/319, No. 883)]

Asma' Bint Yazid narrated the Prophet (SAW) said: "Whoever defends the honour of his brother in absence has the right over Allah to be freed from the Fire." [Musnad Ahmad (6/461) No. 27650, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (24/176) No. 443, Musnad Abu Dawud at-Tayalisi (3/201) No. 1737]

-this is why the kuffaar like to dishonor the believers
-they even try to dishonor the prophet (saw) with cartoons
-but this will backfire on their faces


THE CRIMES OF THE TONGUE

1. BACK BITING

-this is to speak bad about someone behind his back even though what you said is true

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying: Do you know what is backbiting? They (the Companions) said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like. It was said to him: What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (that failing) in my brother which I made a mention of? He said: If (that failing) is actually found (in him) what you assert, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander. [Sahih Muslim (4/2001) No. 2589, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/269) No. 4874, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/329) No. 1934, Musnad Ahmad (2/384) No. 8973]


2. SLANDERING

-this is to speak bad about someone behind his back but what you said was a lie
-therefore it is worse than back biting

3. TALE BEARING

-this is to carry news between people for them to hate each other

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves, and those two persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He said, "They are being tortured not for a great thing (to avoid). One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). He then took a green leaf of a date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on each grave. The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you done so?" He replied, "I hope that their punishment may be lessened till they (the leaf) become dry." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #443]


4. TO BEAR FALSE WITNESS

-if 4 people conspire and said they saw a man committing zina but it was a lie
-and the Amir killed the man but later found out it was a lie
-the 4 witnesses have to be killed

Ibn Umar narrated: 'Umar Ibn al-Khattab (RA) killed seven people because they had collaborated in killing one man. (People questioned Umar why he did this) and he answered: "Had all the people of Sana'a (Yemen) conspired to kill a Muslim, I would have killed them all."' [Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (8/73-74) No. 15975, Muwatta Imam Malik (2/871) No. 13, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/429) No. 27695]


5. INDECENT PROPOSALS

-this is when you propose to a woman still married, engaged or in iddah
-this is a blameworthy proposal
-the woman in iddah is still married to the husband
-so you are not allowed to propose to her

Proposing zina is also indecent


6. TO PREACH KUFR


7. TO PREACH SHIRK
-e.g. the Christian priest
-when they preach Jesus as being their personal lord and savior
-and they are very emotional; this is why majority of them are women
-because women are very emotional


8. BLACKMAIL
-‘I have your secret and if you don’t do what i want i will reveal it'
-if you blackmail people they will kill you
-this has happened many times in the past


9. TO QUOTE FABRICATED HADITH
-to lie on the prophet (saw) make you a kaafir
-also rejecting his Prophethood and insulting and ridiculing him make you a kaafir

Narrated By Anas: The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet said: "Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #108]


10. TEASING AND RIDICULING
-with offensive nick names
-you are not allowed to do this
-because Allah told you not to
-you take away people's honour by doing this

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames.. (Al-Hujurat 49:11)


11. BLASHPHEMY
-this is to ridicule holy things
-Allah, His messenger and the holy Qur'an
-if you insult any of these your head is gone
-even if you make tawbah
-we say your tawbah is between you and Allah

Hussain ibn Ali related from his father Ali Ibn Abi Talib that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Whoever curses a Prophet, kill him. Whoever curses my Companions, beat him." [al-Mu’jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (5/35) No. 4602]

The only time the Qaadi can exercise leniency is if you hand yourself over and make tawbah


12. DECEPTION
-to sell people fake things and say it was made in Japan when it was made in China
-sometimes you even say wallahi

Abu Hurayra (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said, "Anyone who carries arms against us is not one of us. Anyone who cheats us is not one of us." [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #182]

The Muslims who like to deceive say wallahi and lie
-because they know Muslims will believe when they hear wallahi
-but Allah told us:

They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). Thus they hinder (men) from the Path of Allāh. Verily, evil is what they used to do. (Al-Munafiqun 63:2)


13. CHARACTER ASSASSINATION
-a person can take the photograph of somebody
-and put in another and say we caught him with prostitutes
-you can’t take photographs as witnesses


14. CURSING AND SWEARING AND USING F WORDS
-it is Un-Islamic for you to swear
-even though in the UK people don’t take you serious if you don’t swear
-Allah said:

Allāh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allāh is Ever All¬Hearer, All¬Knower. (An-Nisa 4:148)

-a man who swears because he was oppressed is understandable


15. TO SPREAD DISINFORMATION
-what is its difference with misinformation?
-the latter is a slip of the tongue (misinformation)
-but the former is when you deliberately set out to mislead the public with a pack of lies
-and you know you are lying to the people

It was narrated that Abu Shurayh al-‘Adawi said: I heard with my own two ears and I saw with my own two eyes when the Prophet (SAW) spoke and said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honour his neighbour; whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honour his guest as he is entitled.” It was said, ‘What is his entitlement, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “[The best treatment] for one day and one night; and hospitality is for three days, and anything after that is charity bestowed upon him. And whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him, speak good words or else remain silent.” [Sahih Bukhari (8/11) No. 6019]

There is no back biting in regards to the following:

1. A WICKED SCHOLAR

2. MARRAIGE

3. HUKM FROM A SHAIKH

4. WHEN A PERSON IS OPPRESSED

-E.G. you work for a man and he did not pay you

5. WHEN YOU WANT TO SET UP A BUSINESS
-you should seek advice on someone wanting to open business with you
-because your wealth is sacred


THE RIGHTS OF THE NEIGHBOUR

The angel Gabriel (a.s) came to the rasul (saw) and told him about his neighbour
-to the extent that the rasul (saw) thought that
-he will tell him that his neighbour will inherit from him

On the authority of Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said "Jibreel kept recommending treating neighbours with kindness until I thought he would assign a share of inheritance." [al-Bukhari (6015) and Muslim (2625)]

-the rasul slaughtered an animal and gave to his Jewish neighbour

Mujahid reported that a sheep was slaughtered for 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr. He asked his slave, 'Have you given any to our Jewish neighbour? Have you given any to our Jewish neighbour? I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Jibril kept on recommending that I treat my neighbours well until I thought that he would order me to treat them as my heirs.' [Al-Adab al-Mufrad, Hadith #105]

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), asked his Companions about fornication and they said, "It is unlawful. Allah and His Messenger have made it unlawful." He said, "It is less serious for a man to fornicate with ten women than for him to fornicate with his neighbour's wife." Then he asked them about stealing. They replied, "It is unlawful. Allah and His Messenger have made it unlawful." He said, "It is less serious for a man to steal from ten houses than it is for him to steal from his neighbour's house." [al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari, No. 103, Musnad Ahmad (6/8) No. 23905 and al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (20/256) No. 605

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Prophet (SAW) said, "By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer." It was asked, "Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "One whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil." [al-Bukhari (6016) and Muslim (46)] Another narration of Muslim is: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "He will not enter Jannah whose neighbour is not secure from his wrongful conduct".

-zina is haram in Islam but worse if done with your neighbor’s wife

We always make dua for Allah to grant us the good of the dunya

..."Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!" (Al-Baqarah 2:201)

-a good neighbour is one of the good things of the dunya

It was narrated that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “There are four things that are essential for happiness: a righteous wife, a spacious home, a good neighbour and a sound means of transportation. And there are four things that make one miserable: a bad neighbour, a bad wife, a small house and a bad means of transportation.” [Narrated by Ibn Hibban in al-Saheehah (Vol. 9, pg.340) No. 4032]

Luqman to his son, he said: “My son! I have carried grass-hoppers and cast-iron but I have never seen anything heavier (to bear) than a bad neighbour, and I have tasted all the bitterness, but I have never tasted anything more bitter than poverty.” [Ibn Abi Shaybah in 'Musannaf' (7/74) No. 34296 and al-Bayhaqi in 'Shu'ab al-Eman' (12/101) No. 9108]

Narrated By 'Aisha: The Prophet used to seek refuge with Allah (by saying), "O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the affliction of the Fire and from the punishment in the Fire, and seek refuge with You from the affliction of the grave, and I seek refuge with You from the affliction of wealth, and I seek refuge with You from the affliction of poverty, and seek refuge with You from the affliction of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal" [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 75, Hadith #387]

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Prophet (SAW) said, "By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer." It was asked, "Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "One whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil." [al-Bukhari (6016) and Muslim (46)] Another narration of Muslim is: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "He will not enter Jannah whose neighbour is not secure from his wrongful conduct".

On the authority of 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: "A Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe; and a Muhajir (Emigrant) is the one who refrains from what Allah has forbidden." [al-Bukhari (10) and Muslim (40)]

1. YOUR NEIGHBOUR SHOULD FEEL SAFE FROM YOUR TYRANNY AND OPPRESSION

THE 3 TYPES OF NEIGHBOURS

1. The kaafir neighbour
-has one right over you
-the right of the neighbour

2. The Muslim neighbour
-has 2 rights over you
-Muslim brotherhood and neighbor’s right

3. The Muslim neighbour who is your relative
-has 3 rights over you
-family ties, Islam and neighbour

2. YOU SHOULD INVITE YOUR KAAFIR NEIGHBOUR TO ISLAM IF THEY SHOW INTEREST
-if he is a Muslim who is jaahil then teach him Islam

Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). (Al-A'la 87:9)

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "He who is asked about knowledge (of religion) and conceals it, will be bridled with a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection." [Sunan Abu Dawud (3/321) No. 3658, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/29) No. 2649, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/178) No. 266, Musnad Ahmad (2/263) No. 7561]

-you are supposed to learn from him if he is a shaikh

3. IF HE INVITES YOU TO HIS PARTY, YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO GO

Ibn Umar (RA) said: "The Messenger of Allah said: When anyone of you invites his bother, let him respond, whether it is for a wedding or for any other reason." [Sahih Muslim (2/1052) No. 1429]

-if the party has munkar (music, alcohol, etc.) you should not go

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni (7/214): If a person is invited to a wedding feast in which evil things will take place, such as wine, musical instruments, etc, and he is able to attend and remove those evils, then he must attend and denounce them, because then he will be fulfilling two duties: accepting the invitation of his Muslim brother and removing evil. But if he is not able to denounce them then he should not attend. If he does not know about the evils until he gets there, he should remove them. If he cannot, then he should go away. Something similar was stated by al-Shaafa’i.

4. YOU SHOULD BUY YOUR NEIGHBORS GIFTS ON CERTAIN OCCASIONS


5. YOU SHOULD FEEL HAPPY WITH THE HAPPINESS OF YOUR NEIGHBOUR
-and you should be sad with the sadness of your neighbour
-so you should not rejoice over his downfall
-for the sake of neighborliness

6. YOU SHOULD GUARD HIS HONOUR, WEALTH, ETC.
-you do not kill him (his blood)
-you do not steal from him (his wealth)
-you do not get his wife, daughter pregnant (lineage)

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Prophet (SAW) said, "By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer." It was asked, "Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "One whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil." [al-Bukhari (6016) and Muslim (46)] Another narration of Muslim is: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "He will not enter Jannah whose neighbour is not secure from his wrongful conduct".

7. YOU SHOULD APOLOGIZE TO HIM IF YOU OFFEND HIM


8. YOU SHOULD NOT STOP HIM FROM EATING FROM FRUITS THAT WENT OVER TO HIS WALL


9. YOU SHOULD INTERCEDE FOR HIM IF YOU CAN
-Abu Hanifa did this for his alcoholic neighbour
-on condition that he will stop drinking alcohol


THE RIGHTS OF THE GUEST

1. THE HOST SHOULD PROVIDE FOOD AND DRINK FOR HIS GUESTS
-we are followers of millat Ibrahim
-he slaughtered a lamb for his guests
-the kuffaar don't invite people to eat when they are eating
-Christianity doesn't teach adaab
-a country with Islamic heritage looks after their guests

And they give food, inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to Miskin (poor), the orphan, and the captive, (Al-Insan 76:8)


2. MAKE THEM COMFORTABLE AND PROVIDE THEM WITH PRAYING MAT
-you should also show them the Qibla

3. PROVIDE THEM WITH TOILETRIES

4. REMOVE ALL FEMALE CLOTHING FROM THE GUEST ROOM

5. DRESS DECENTLY WHEN YOU GO TO RECEIVE YOUR GUEST

6. BE KIND TO YOUR GUEST AND DON'T ASK THEM TO DO HOUSEHOLD CHORES

Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn 'Amr al-Khuza'i said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW), say, 'Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest as his due.' They said, 'What is his due, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'A day and a night. Hospitality is for three days, and what is beyond that is sadaqa for him.'" [al-Bukhari (6019) and Muslim (48)]

7. DO NOT HUMILIATE BUT HONOUR YOUR GUEST


THE DUTIES OF THE GUEST

1. ALWAYS CHOOSE A SUITABLE TIME TO VISIT YOUR HOST
-it is best to ask when the best time to visit is

2. DO NOT STAY MORE THAN 3 DAYS
-after this you have over stayed your welcome and no longer a guest
-your brother might commit a sin because he begins to resent your stay

3. VOLUNTEER TO HELP IF THEY NEED IT
-both in the home and business

4. DO NOT GO BEYOND THE GUEST ROOM
-you might see something you not supposed to see

5. DO NOT ANNOY YOUR HOST BY DEMANDING THINGS
-take what they have and don't demand

6. DON'T FLIRT WITH THE FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY AS A GUEST

7. DRESS APPROPRIATELY IN THE HOUSE



QUESTION_1:-

Shaikh, can someone pay for their surgery with credit card? They are not sure if they can borrow money from someone and they really need to have the surgery soon. The government will pay off 80 percent and they have to pay the remaining 20 percent?

ANSWER 1:-
-yes you are allowed to because this is called necessity
-and necessity knows no law
-so you are allowed to borrow the money with interest to save a life
-for an emergency operation

“If one is in dire need and found a dead body of an animal, a swine, or of human, he might eat the dead animal because it as “Halal” (lawful or permissible), but not the body of a swine or a human”. There is a light prevention and a strong prevention, and these are the rules, such as one hates to have sexual relation with his sister, but can have a sexual relation with a foreigner because it is lawful for him. This is the condition for theses rules. Eating the flesh of a human is not allowed. Yet the scholars Ahmad and Dawoud protested by saying that prophet Mohammad said, “Breaking the bones of a dead body is like breaking the bones of a live body. Al-Shafie said, “One may eat the flesh of a human body. It is not allowed to kill a Muslim nor a free non-Muslim under Muslim rule (because he is useful for the society), nor a prisoner because he belongs to other Muslims. But you may kill an enemy fighter or an adulterer and eat his body”. Dawoud slandered Al-Mozny by addressing Al-Mozny saying, “You allowed eating the flesh of the prophets”. Ibn Sharie responded also to Al-Mozny by saying, “You allowed killing the prophets and did not allow eating the flesh of the infidels”. Ibn Al-Araby said, “The proper thing for me is not to eat human flesh unless the person makes sure that this act saves him from starving to death and Allah knows best”. [Tafseer al-Qurtubi (2/229)]




QUESTION_2:-

Assalamu alaikum, does generosity to neighbor and guest include kaffirs?


ANSWER 2:-
-this is the 2nd part of the hadith of today
-there are 3 types of neighbors

1. SOME HAVE 1 RIGHT OVER YOU

2. SOME HAVE 2 RIGHTS OVER YOU

3. SOME HAVE 3 RIGHTS OVER YOU

-the neighbour with one right over you is the kaafir
-this is called neighborliness
-and you have to be kind to him if he is not antagonistic to Islam

Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. (Al-Mumtahinah 60:8)

The one with 2 rights over you is the Muslim neighbour
-these are Islam and neighborliness

The one with 3 rights over you is a Muslim neighbour who is your relative
-e.g. your aunt, brother
-he has the rights of neighborliness, Islam and blood ties

The kaafir who hates Islam, the apostate and munafiq have no rights over you



QUESTION_3:-

Did the sultan of Yusuf rule by the Shari’ah of Ibrahim because it says in the Qur’an: “So he began [the search] with their bags before the bag of his brother; then he extracted it from the bag of his brother. Thus did We plan for Joseph. He could not have taken his brother within the religion of the king except that Allah willed... We raise in degrees whom We will, but over every possessor of knowledge is one more knowing.” it says he could not have taken his brother within the religion of the king?


ANSWER 3:-
-when Yusuf was working for the king he implemented the Shari’ah of Abraham
-he never dismantled the Shari’ah
-he followed Abraham's law that was why
-the brother was left behind 'for stealing' the cup of the king

Ibn Kathir (rh) said: “So Whosoever abandons the wise Shariah which was revealed upon Muhammad ibn Abdullah, the seal of the prophets, and goes to other abrogated Shariah for judgment, he becomes a Kaafir. So how about the one who goes to al-Yaasiq (man-made law) for judgment and gives it precedence (over the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW). Whosoever does this has become a Kaafir by the Ijma of the Muslims.” [Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, (Vol. 13, p119)]

It is the Saudi salafis that accuse Yusuf of this
-saying to dismantle the Shari’ah is minor kufr
-but this is zandaqa



QUESTION_4:-

If in a gathering someone insults and slanders the prophet and you remain silent with your tongue. Does that negate your emaan?


ANSWER 4:-
-if you hate it in your heart you didn’t negate your emaan
-but if you did not then you negate your emaan

On the authority of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree (RA) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, “Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.” [Sahih Muslim (1/69) No. 49, Musnad Ahmad (3/10) No. 11088, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/145) No. 4013, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/469) No. 2172, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/296) No. 1140, Sunan al-Nasa'i (8/112) No. 5009]




QUESTION_5:-

In the fard salah, for example esha, are you limited to start at the beginning of the surah. For example can you read a surah at the middle or the last 20 Ayahs?


ANSWER 5:-
-you are allowed to read a surah from the middle
-you are not obliged to start from the beginning
-and no scholar says otherwise



QUESTION 6:-

Assalamu alaikum, my break at school is about an hour after dhuhr and the second is about 45 minutes after Asr. How do I reconcile this with my Salah time? Do I join the two at my 1st break or at my 2nd? Or should i just delay it until I come out for break. Jzk

ANSWER 6:-
-Hanbali fiqh is very flexible with this issue
-you can do either
-we follow Hanbali fiqh in this room
-the choice is yours, you can join and or shorten if you have to go from one town to another
-you can do this every day if you are busy

...Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you...(Al-Baqarah 2:185)

Ta¬Ha. (Ta-Ha 20:1)

We have not sent down the Qur'an unto you (O Muhammad SAW) to cause you distress, (Ta-Ha 20:2)




QUESTION 7:-

Assalamu alaikum shaikh, how can you advise me on how to control my tongue from backbiting or from idle speech?


ANSWER 7:-
-people backbite and slander because of different aqeeda
-there is no hatred like religious hatred
-in UK it is the Muslims who are hated the most
-they backbite when they envy you for what Allah has bestowed upon you
-when you have weak emaan you have no control over your tongue and private parts

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). (At-Tawbah 9:119)

-you grow in emaan by doing the 5 prayers and keeping company with righteous people
-by attending good khutba
-find a masjid where the khutba lifts your emaan
-when your emaan is flat, the khutba is supposed to recharge your emaan
-some khutba put you to sleep
-attend regular study circles
-avoid watching TV
-last film i watched was ‘The Titanic, several years ago

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “A man is on the religion of his friend, so let each of you observe whom he be friends.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/589) No. 2378, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/259) No. 4833, Musnad Ahmad (2/334) No. 8398]

-don’t go to rooms where backbiting and slandering is taking place

And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur'an) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell, (An-Nisa 4:140)

-Mu’awiya used to surround himself with scholars
-Umar refused to let the scholars leave medina

Narrated By Ali ibn AbuTalib: AbuZubyan said: A woman who had committed adultery was brought to Umar. He gave orders that she should be stoned. Ali passed by just then. He seized her and let her go. Umar was informed of it. He said: Ask Ali to come to me. Ali came to him and said: Commander of the Faithful, you know that the Apostle of Allah (SAW) said: There are three (people) whose actions are not recorded: A boy till he reaches puberty, a sleeper till he awakes, a lunatic till he is restored to reason. This is an idiot (mad) woman belonging to the family of so and so. Someone might have done this action with her when she suffered the fit of lunacy. Umar said: I do not know. Ali said: I do not know. [Abu Dawud, Book 33, Hadith #4388]

-Ali corrected Umar on many issues
-this hadith was brought to refute the Shiites
-if Ali was supposed to be the caliph he would have claimed his birthright
-Ibn Abbas was afraid of Umar but Ali was not



QUESTION 8:-

Books wise, where should we go for most of our knowledge?

ANSWER 8:-
-do not hesitate to get the books of Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Kathir
-for fiqh the works of Uthaymeen
-for aqeeda Sulaiman Al Ashkar
-you will never go wrong if you stick to the books of Ibn Kathir and Taymiyya
-with regards to aqeeda
-Ibn Kathir was Hanbali
-he revised the works of Ibn Hanbali



QUESTION 9:-

Assalamu Alaikum, if someone tells me that he is not a Muslim and he has Muslim parents, is it haram to expose him to his parents and to his friends if he is a hypocrite?


ANSWER 9:-
-if you have Muslim parents you are considered a born Muslim
-you are like the Tabi’een
-they are called born Muslims
-the sahabah were all reverts
-their kids are considered born Muslims
-you do not have to give the child shahada when they reach puberty
-that is Khawarij bid’ah
-none of the sahabi gave their kids shahada

Narrated Ibn Mas'ud Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashah-hud as he taught me a Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet, but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet." Bukhari -Volume 8, Book 74, Number 281

-your friend is an apostate
-if born from Muslim parents and you say you are not a Muslim you are a kaffir
-you can be killed in an Islamic state
-talk to your friend to return to Islam
-advise his fiancée
-apostates who came back to Islam did well in battle with Umar



QUESTION 10:-

Assalamu alaikum sheikh, if a sister finds out her husband died two months ago and she didn’t know about it, does her iddah start from the day she finds out or, does her iddah start from the actual date her husband passed away? Jazakallah khair


ANSWER 10:-
-if she is certain about the date, her iddah starts when her husband passed away.