Saturday, December 22, 2012

-431- Hadeeth Number 21

SHARH OF THE 40 HADEETH OF IMAM AN NAWAWI: HADEETH NUMBER 21

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
11.06.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT38
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7


Bismillah...


HADITH NUMBER 21:

الحديث الحادي والعشرون
«عن أبي عمرو - وقيل أبي عمرة - سفيان ابن عبد الله رضي الله عنه قال: قلت يا رسول الله قل لي في الإسلام قولا لا أسال عنه أحدا غيرك، قال قل آمنت بالله، ثم استقم» .
رواه مسلم.

On the authority of Abu ’Amr — and he is also called Abu ’Amrah — Sufyan bin Abdullah athThaqafee (RA) who said: I said, "O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about al-Islam which I can ask of no one but you." He (SAW) said, "Say I believe in Allah — and then be Steadfast." It was related by Muslim.


The rasul (saw) commanded the sahabi to say ' I believe in Allah (swt)'
-when he said this, it wasn't only for him but for the whole ummah
-this is the same as the case in which the boy was eating from different parts of the bowl
-and the rasul (saw) corrected him
-this instruction was for the whole ummah!
-not just him

Narrated By 'Umar bin Abi Salama: I was a boy under the care of Allah's Apostle and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So Allah's Apostle said to me, 'O boy! Mention the Name of Allah and eat with your right hand, and eat of the dish what is nearer to you." Since then I have applied those instructions when eating. [Bukhari #5061 & Muslim #2022]

-it is haram to eat with your left hand and fard to eat with your right
-this instruction to eat from one’s side is for when eating in a jamm’ah

There are some people in the world right now who don't want you to believe in Allah
-these are the atheist
-an agnostic says he is not sure that Allah exists
-the Americans are better than the Europeans
-at least they believe in Allah and have "In God we trust" in their bank notes

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/More_popular_than_Jesus

The singer from Ireland brought an end to her career when she tore the Pope's picture
-she can no longer tour America
-Europeans won’t mind because they are atheist

These atheist use the argument of ‘seeing is believing’
-but we ask them, ' Did you see the monkeys transforming into humans'
-they are so stupid!
-this argument is a point for us
-they are scoring an own goal

There is no real atheist in the world
-every kaafir believes in GOD when he is in the plane and it is wobbling


HOW TO DEBATE AN ATHEIST

1. THE EARTH

We have oxygen and carbon dioxide
-the animals breath in oxygen and the plants breath in carbon dioxide
-this could not have been if it was an accident

2. THE SUN

If the sun was too close to the earth we'll all die from the heat
-and if too far we'll freeze to death
-Allah (swt) positioned it so that we'll neither freeze nor burn to death
-if Allah didn't do this then who else did it?

3. THE ALTERNATION OF NIGHT AND DAY

Allah told us in surah 3:190-191

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. (Aali Imran 3:190)

Those who remember Allāh (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire. (Aali Imran 3:191)

-if the world was not governed by Allah then this perfect alternation won’t be
-we may have had 3 years of daylight and 5 years of night
-because no one is controlling it
-everyday this alternation happens yet we don't reflect

Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said: Whoever reads Tabaarak allaahi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk] every night, Allah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well. [al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (6/179) No. 10547, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/540) No. 3839]

Who has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any rifts?" (Al-Mulk 67:3)

Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you in a state of humiliation and worn out. (Al-Mulk 67:4)


4. THE ANATOMY OF MAN

Look at yourself in the mirror
-can you think of a better place your eyes, ears or nose can be?

Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould), (At-Tin 95:4)

Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, (At-Tin 95:5)

-your nose is right above your mouth and helps detect whether the food is good or not
-you are so intelligently designed
-if this wasn't the case, your eyes might have been on your legs!

5. THE FOUR SEASONS OF THE YEAR

If the world came as an accident
-then we would have 3 years of winter and 5 years of summer
-if the world came as a result of the big bang
-how come the four seasons of the year are in order

6. THE HUMAN EYE

The eye has a thing called the iris
-you can't borrow someone's passport in to travel to USA
-because they scan the iris of each person
-each person has a different iris
-and we are 7 billion on earth

7. THE LAWS OF NATURE

For example the law of gravity
-how do you explain that

8. THE WHITE BLOOD CELLS AND THE RED BLOOD CELLS

The white blood cells are the soldiers in the body
-they fight diseases

9. THE NATURAL INSTINCTS OF ANIMAL

The bee has the instinct to make honey

10. THE FINGER PRINT

Every person has a different finger print
-so if we came about by accident
-then a million people will have the same finger print

11. The DNA

Everyone has a different DNA
-you can't get away with rape anymore like in the past
-Silly Billy Clinton was nailed through this

A kaafir in the UK wrote a book call "The God Delusion'
-the book became a bestseller

The God Delusion is a 2006 bestselling non-fiction book by English biologist Richard Dawkins: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_God_Delusion

12. THE HOLY QURAN WAS REVEALED IN THE 7TH CENTURY

The Quran predicted the depletion of the Ocean Layer
-the scientists are saying so now
-man have become so greedy and they release gases in the atmosphere
-this destroys the ozone layer
-this is a shelter against the sun

Until, when he came to the rising place of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We (Allāh) had provided no shelter against the sun. (Al-Kahf 18:90)

The human brain (the forehead) is used to detect a liar (96:16)
-the forehead is used to concoct a lie and the Qur’an said this years ago

A lying, sinful forelock! (Al-'Alaq 96:16)

-the kuffaar speak about the big bang
-but Allah told them that He created the big bang

Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? (Al-Anbiya 21:30)

-so when you talk about the big bang
-we agree but we say Allah (swt) created it and it wasn't an accident

-The atheist says we came from monkeys
-yet we can't give blood to them and likewise they can't give us blood

He has let loosed the two seas (the salt water and the sweet) meeting together. (Ar-Rahman 55:19)

Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. (Ar-Rahman 55:20)

Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? (Ar-Rahman 55:21)

-the rasul (saw) was unlettered
-and so there is no way in which he could have known these things
-except that Allah taught him

And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. (Ya-Sin 36:38)

-there is no verse in the Quran that contradicts science

-the kuffaar scientists believed that the sun was static
-but Allah says that it travels from east to west and makes sajdah to HIM
-so they had to go back and rewrite their science books
-because the Quran refuted their dodgy theory!

And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating. (Al-Anbiya 21:33)

There is no real atheist in the world because the Pharaoh was no atheist

And they belied them (those Ayāt) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayāt) are from Allāh, and Mûsa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allāh in truth, but they disliked to obey Mûsa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So see what was the end of the Mufsidûn (disbelievers, disobedient to Allāh, evil-doers, liars.). (An-Naml 27:14)

You the Muslims are the only people in the world that believe in Allah properly
-the Jews say that Allah is poor, helpless
-the Christians say HE has a son

Indeed, Allāh has heard the statement of those (Jews) who say: "Truly, Allāh is poor and we are rich!" We shall record what they have said and their killing of the Prophets unjustly, and We shall say: "Taste you the torment of the burning (Fire)." (Aali Imran 3:181)

You [true believers in Islāmic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism and all that Islām has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden), and you believe in Allāh. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fāsiqûn (disobedient to Allāh - and rebellious against Allāh's Command). (Aali Imran 3:110)

-in order for you to believe in Allah (swt) properly
-you need to have the aqeeda of ASWJ

The soofis believe HE is everywhere

Abu Haneefah (rh) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allah is above the heavens or on the earth.’ - “He has disbelieved, because Allah says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and His Throne is above His seven heavens.’ He was then asked , ‘what if he said that Allah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, ‘He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.” (‘Sharh Usul I'tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah’ of al-Laalikaaee (d.414AH), ‘al-Uluww’ of adh- Dhahabee, also ‘Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah’ of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee)

-the mad MADkhalis believe that it is a minor issue to dismantle the sharia

Ibn Kathir (rh) said: “So Whosoever abandons the wise Shariah which was revealed upon Muhammad ibn Abdullah, the seal of the prophets, and goes to other abrogated Shariah for judgment, he becomes a Kaafir. So how about the one who goes to al-Yaasiq (man-made law) for judgment and gives it precedence (over the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW). Whosoever does this has become a Kaafir by the Ijma of the Muslims.” [Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, (Vol. 13, p119)]


THE FOUR BRANCHES OF TAUHEED

1. TAUHEED AR RUBBUBIYYAH (HE IS THE ONLY CREATOR)
2. TAWHEED ASMA WA SIFAAT
3. TAWHEED HAAKIMIYYAH
4. TAWHEED ULUHIYYAH

The nation of Islam (NOI) believe that the white man
-was created by a mad scientist called Yaqub

MAD SCIENTIST YAKUB: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakub_(Nation_of_Islam)

O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! Those on whom you call besides Allāh, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatched away a thing from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought. (Al-Hajj 22:73)

-you need to believe in Allah's 99 names and attributes in order to believe in Him properly

There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura 42:11)

-you can't make Allah similar to man (tashbeeh)

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him." (Al-Ikhlas 112:4)

-you can't believe that Allah has a body (tajseem)
-Allah descends in His person and not in Body
-body has to do with the system which is not befitting to Allah


THE REALITY OF EMAAN

1. YOUR EMAAN RISES AND FALLS

Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, "Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them." But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: "Allāh (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)." (Aali Imran 3:173)

And whenever there comes down a Sûrah (chapter from the Qur'ān), some of them (hypocrites) say: "Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?" As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice. (At-Tawbah 9:124)


2. YOUR ACTIONS ARE A PART OF YOUR EMAAN

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Faith has over seventy branches or over sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no god but Allah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of what is injurious from the path: and modesty is the branch of faith." [al-Bukhari (8) and Muslim (56)]


3. EMAAN CAN BE NULLIFIED

You can nullify your emaan by saying or doing something

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allāh, and His Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?" (At-Tawbah 9:65)

Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimûn (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.). (At-Tawbah 9:66)


4. EMAAN CAN BE REJECTED BECAUSE YOU DELAY YOUR SHAHADA

Do they then wait for anything other than that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord should come, or that some of the Signs of your Lord should come (i.e. portents of the Hour e.g., arising of the sun from the west)! The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his Faith. Say: "Wait you! we (too) are waiting." (Al-An'am 6:158)

On the authority of Abu Huraira the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “The Hour will not begin until the sun rises from the West. When it rises from its place of setting, all people will believe, but on that day ‘no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before,’ [al-An’aam 6:158].” [al-Bukhari (4635) and Muslim (157)]

Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Allah accepts repentance of His slave as long as he does not gasp for last breaths.” [Musnad Ahmad (2/132) No. 6160, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/547) No. 3537, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/322) No. 4253, Musnad Abu Ya'la (10/81) No. 5717, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/394) No. 628, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (9/281) No. 6661]


5. A PERSON CAN BELIEVE IN ALLAH BUT MIXES HIS EMAAN WITH KUFR AND SHIRK (CONFUSED.COM)

It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allāh and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping others besides Allāh), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided. (Al-An'am 6:82)


6. SOME JINN HAVE EMAAN

'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). (Al-Jinn 72:11)


7. EMAAN WILL BE THE FACTOR USED ON JUDGEMENT DAY TO UNITE FAMILIES (IF THEY WERE ALL BELIEVERS)

And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith, to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned. (At-Tur 52:21)


8. EMAAN SAVES YOU FROM UNGRATEFULNESS
-the shaytan is ungrateful because he has no emaan
-the word kaafir means ungrateful
-if he didn't show gratitude to Allah
-how can he be grateful to you

It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date¬palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe. (Al-An'am 6:99)


9. A PERSON CAN’T BE SELECTIVE IN HIS EMAAN

-He believes in some of the books and rejects faith in another part

Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allāh is not unaware of what you do. (Al-Baqarah 2:85)

-a MADkhali believes in polygamy and zakah
-but not jihad and tawheed haakimiyya
-he treats the Quran like a plate of food


10. THE DUA OF A FATHER FOR THE EMAAN OF HIS SON/DAUGHTER WILL BE ACCEPTED

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger said, "Three prayers are surely answered: the supplication of the oppressed, the supplication of the traveller, and the supplication of the father for his son." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/502) No. 3448, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/30) No. 3862, Musnad Ahmad (2/258) No. 7501, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/89) No. 1536]

"Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manāsik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage - Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (Al-Baqarah 2:128)

Ibrahim (a.s) made a dua to bless the blood line of Ismael (a.s)
-this dua was accepted
-so most Arabs are Muslims


THE ROAD TO UPRIGHTNESS

1. KEEP UP THE SALAH

Recite (O Muhammad SAW) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur'ān), and perform As-Salāt (Iqamāt¬as¬Salāt). Verily, As-Salāt (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahshā' (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed, etc.) and the remembering (praising, etc.) of (you by) Allāh (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising, etc.) Allāh in prayers, etc.]. And Allāh knows what you do. (Al-'Ankabut 29:45)


2. DO DHIKR CONSTANTLY

And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allāh) (i.e. this Qur'ān and worship of Allāh), We appoint for him Shaitān (Satan ¬ devil) to be a Qarīn (an intimate companion) to him. (Az-Zukhruf 43:36)

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “The world, with all that it contains, is accursed except for dhikr (the remembrance of Allah) that which pleases Allah; and the religious scholars and seekers of knowledge.'' [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/561) 2322 and Sunan Ibn Majah (5/231) 4112, (Abu Eesa al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan ghareeb)]


3. FAST ON MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS

Abu Huraira (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: 'Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for Me, and I will reward him for it.' Fasting is a shield. When anyone of you is observing fast, he should neither indulge in obscene language nor should he raise his voice; and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him, he should say: 'I am fasting.' By Him in Whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, the breath of one observing Saum is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when he meets his Rubb." [al-Bukhari (1904) and Muslim (1151)]

Abu Huraira (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Deeds are shown (to Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (3/122) No. 747]


4. HAVE RIGHTEOUS FRIENDS

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allāh, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). (At-Tawbah 9:119)

"Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend! (Al-Furqan 25:28)

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “A man is on the religion of his friend, so let each of you observe whom he be friends.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/589) No. 2378, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/259) No. 4833, Musnad Ahmad (2/334) No. 8398]


5. BECOME TALIBUL ILM

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “The world, with all that it contains, is accursed except for dhikr (the remembrance of Allah) that which pleases Allah; and the religious scholars and seekers of knowledge.'' [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/561) 2322 and Sunan Ibn Majah (5/231) 4112, (Abu Eesa al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan ghareeb)]

Qays ibn Kathir reported that a man came to Abu Darda at Damascus from Madinah. He asked him, “What has brought you here O Brother. He said “I have come for a hadith which I have learnt that you narrate from Allah’s Messenger (SAW). He asked, “Have you come for no other purpose?’ He said, ‘No!” He asked, “Have you come for some business?” He said, “No! I have not come except to seek this hadith.” So, he (Abu Darda (RA) said, “I had heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) say, He who travels on a path in search of knowledge will find that Allah causes him to travel on a path to Paradise. And the angels will lower their wings for the pleasure of the seeker of knowledge. And it is for the scholar that all in the heavens and all on earth seek forgiveness so much so that fish is the water. And the excellence of a scholar over a worshipper is like the excellence of the moon over all the stars. The scholars are the heirs of the Prophet (SAW) and the Prophets do not leave dinar or dirham in legacy. They only leave knowledge. So, he who takes it indeed collects an abundant good fortune.” [Musnad Ahmad (5/196) No. 21763; Also related by Abu Dawud (2/341) No. 3641; at-Tirmidhi (5/48) No. 2682; Ibn Majah (1/150) No. 223, ad-Daarimee (1/110) No. 342 and ibn Hibbaan (1/289) No. 88]


6. HAVE A LIBRARY AT HOME WITH ISLAMIC BOOKS, CDS, DVDS

7. JOIN A REGULAR HALAQAH AND TAKE YOUR DEEN FROM SINCERE SCHOLAR

8. GO TO A LOCAL MASJID IN WHICH THE KHUTBA BOOST YOUR EMAAN

9. GIVE CHARITY

10. GO FOR RIBAAT

11. GO FOR JIHAD

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. [Sahih Muslim, Book 20, Hadith 4696]






QUESTION 1:-

Sheikh, I have been a student of yours for about 4 years. What advice can you give me to be a better student of knowledge?

ANSWER_1:
-if you are older than 21, Saudi will not accept you.
-you may have to go to Egypt
-if you are not able to travel come to room here for aqeeda
-you can learn fiqh from any madhab, Hanafi etc.
-don't take your aqeeda from dodgy scholars; learn from sincere scholars
-don't go to dodgy rooms



QUESTION 2:-

The hadith, ‘if you cut your contacts with your family you will not enter Jannat’, can sheikh explain?

ANSWER_2:-
-this is when your family is not antagonistic towards Islam
-Prophet Abraham broke ties with his father
-if they do not show enmity to Islam you are not allowed to break contact with them
-even if they are kuffar

Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrāhim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people: "Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allāh, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allāh Alone," except the saying of Ibrāhim (Abraham) to his father: "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allāh) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allāh." Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return, (Al-Mumtahinah 60:4)

Allāh does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allāh loves those who deal with equity. (Al-Mumtahinah 60:8)

Narrated By Jubair bin Mut'im: That he heard the Prophet saying, "The person who severs the bond of kinship will not enter Paradise." [al-Bukhari (5984) and Muslim (2556)]



QUESTION 3:-

Assalamu alaikum, does the woman have the right to request what her dowry can be and does the man have the right to reject it even if he is capable of paying it, such as a television, if he thinks it would lead to un-necessary fitna in the marriage?

ANSWER_3:-
-the wali steps in and fixes the dowry
-sometime people get married and didn't set a dowry
-the marriage is still valid
-Abu Hanifa didn't make a wali a condition for marriage
-if you get married without a wali your marriage is hanging in the balance
-if he is found a munafiq your marriage should be annulled



QUESTION 4:-

Does the ummah have a say in who is the khalif? Supported by the hadith of Abu Talha, where he asked the people if they were pleased with Uthman?


ANSWER_4:-
-the ummah is too big to consult with everyone
-even the pope is decided by a panel of cardinals
-Omar chose a panel of six top sahabah when he was stabbed
-a panel of Islamic scholars will sit down and decide who should be the caliph
-the Catholic Church follows the Sunnah of Umar

...I do not think any person has more right for the caliphate than those with whom Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was always pleased till his death. And whoever is chosen by the people after me will be the caliph, and you people must listen to him and obey him," and then he mentioned the name of 'Uthman, 'Ali, Talha, Az-Zubair, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and Sad bin Abi Waqqas. By this time a young man from Ansar came and said, "O chief of the believers! Be happy with Allah's glad tidings. The grade which you have in Islam is known to you, then you became the caliph and you ruled with j...[Sahih Bukhari, Vol 2, Book 23, Hadith #475]