THE STORY OF PROPHET
ISHAAQ (AS) & YAQOOB (AS)
December 30 2013 / 27 Safar 1435 Hijri
BY Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Note Taker: Al Ghuraba
Hujjah: AT3/ Mujjahidah101
Edited by Abu Hafiza & Jansep2001
When Abraham saw his life coming to a close, he wanted his 2nd son Ishaq (AS) to get married, Ishaq (AS) was the father of the Jews and Ishmael (AS) was the father of the Arabs.
He didn't want Ishaq to marry from the Canaanites, because they were pagans, so he sent a trustworthy servant to Haran (Iraq) to search for a wife for Ishaq (AS).
When the servant arrived, his eyes fell upon Rebekah.
Rebekah bint Bethuel ibn Nahoor.
Nahoor was the brother of Abraham (AS), Abraham (AS) had two brothers, one was called Harran and the other was Nahoor.
Nahoor was the grandfather of Rebekah.
Harran was the father of prophet Lut (AS). So prophet Lut (AS) was the nephew of Prophet Abraham (AS).
Ishaq (AS) got married to Rebekah and she bore him two sons who were twins.
Their names were Esau and Jacob.
when they became adults, ill feelings happened between the two brothers, because the father preferred Jacob and Allah (SWT) chose Jacob to be a prophet.
The psychologists call this 'sibling rivalry'
This sibling rivalry got so strong, that Esau said he would kill Jacob.
According to ahl ul kitab, Ishaq was 40 years old when he got married to Rebekah.
Ishaq (AS) liked to eat meat that was hunted in the wild.
so he told Esau to go out and hunt some food, so Rebekah overheard and told Jacob to slaughter a domestic goat and cook that and asked Ishaq to make a dua for him, because the eyesight of Ishaq (AS) was weak.
Esau returned with the bush meat and gave the meat to the father and his father said 'did you not give me the meat an hour earlier?' Esau realised what happened, and this re-fuelled the sibling rivalry. So Jacob (AS) had to run away, to avoid being killed by Esau.
Rebekah told Jacob (AS) to flee from Canaan and go to Haran in Iraq to go live with her brother Laban
Then Rebekah told Ishaq to endorse her plan and asked Ishaq (AS) to make a du'a for Jacob (AS) before he left home.
Jacob (AS) made the long journey to Haran in Iraq, so due to the long journey he rested on the roadside and used a rock as a pillow
While Jacob (AS) was sleeping during the night, he saw a dream.
In the dream, he saw a ladder from the earth going to the heavens, angels were going up the ladder, and angels were coming down from the ladder.
Jacob woke up and he was very happy with the dream, at the spot where he had the dream, he anointed the rock with oil and called the place 'Bethel' - the house of Allah (SWT).
He laid the foundation stone there for Masjid al-Aqsa.
The interpretation of the dream was that the prophet Muhammad (SAWS) would descend to the SEVEN heavens on the night of Isra and Mi'raj.
When Jacob (AS) arrived at the house of his uncle Laban, he saw two daughters and he remembered his mother's advice, who said marry one of the daughters of Laban.
As the girls in Canaan are not compatible for you as they are pagans.
The elder daughter was Leah and the second daughter's name was Rachel.
Rachel was very pious and very beautiful. in Arabic, Rachel = Rahil.
Leah was weak in her eyesight and ugly.
Jacob (AS) proposed to Rachel and Laban agreed as long as he paid the mahr. The mahr was to look after Laban's sheep for seven years.
After some time elapsed, Laban prepared a feast and invited guests for a huge nikah of Jacob (AS) and Rachel.
But in the night, he sent Leah to consummate the marriage with Jacob (AS), and Jacob (AS) consummated the marriage with the ugly sister. When Jacob (AS) woke up and saw that he consummated the marriage with the ugly sister, he was horrified.
He went to his uncle Laban and said this was deception.
As he proposed to the pretty sister Rachel and not Leah.
Jacob (AS) put his foot down and said he wants Rachel.
Laban had a justification for his deception, he said it is not in our culture when you have 2 daughters in the house, the older girl gets married first, and he was not prepared to go against this culture.
To cool the anger of Jacob (AS), he said you could marry them both but if you do this, the mahr will be to look after the sheep for another seven years.
according to the Shariah of Abraham (AS), a man was allowed to marry two sisters, but according to the Shariah of prophet Muhammad (SAWS), you are not allowed to marry two sisters at the same time.
so Jacob (AS) agreed and married Rachel.
When Jacob (AS) married the two sisters, Laban gave them a gift each. The gift was a slave girl each.
Leah's slave girl was called Zilpah.
Rachel's slave girl was called Bilha.
even though Leah was not beautiful, Allah (SWT) blessed her with many kids.
Her first-born son was called Reuben.
The second was called Simon.
The third was called Levi.
The fourth was called Judah.
The fifth was called Issacher.
The sixth was called Zebulun.
The seventh was a daughter called Dinah.
All this time, Rachel did not give birth to any kids, as she was barren until this time.
So because of this, she was jealous of her sister. So Rachel gave her slave-girl Bilha to Jacob.
Bilha gave birth to two sons Naphtali and Dan.
When Leah saw Jacob impregnated Bilha, she also gave her slave-girl Zilpa to Jacob. so Jacob ended up with four wives.
Two wives and two slave girls.
He impregnated the slave-girl Zilpa and she gave birth to Gad and Asher.
So Rachel prayed to Allah (SWT) and begged Allah (SWT) to remove the obstacles preventing her from getting pregnant. So Allah (SWT) accepted her dua and gave her Joseph (Yusuf) and Benjamin.
in those days, a man was able to go to sleep with his slave-girls and it was not considered zinaa.
And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts) Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors;
Israel = Jacob
Israel means the servant of God.
after Jacob (AS) stayed in Haran for a long time, he asked Laban for permission to go visit his father Ishaq (AS).
Laban hesitated, saying since you arrived, I have experienced nothing but prosperity. Just like when Halima became the wet nurse of the prophet Muhammad (SAWS), she did not want to hand over the prophet (AS) because of the prosperity she received.
Jacob (AS) left Haran without bidding Laban goodbye and he took his four wives and children with him.
On his way to his parents, he met up with his brother Esau, and he gave him 200 female goats and 20 male goats.
200 female sheep, 20 male sheep
30 camels, 40 cows and 2 bulls.
Before he gave Esau the gifts, Esau was happy to see him and he hugged him.
when Arabs see each other, it is the custom to hug each other and when they walk down the road, they hold hands.
when they hold hands, it means they have accepted you as a member of their household.
after giving his brother the gifts, he insisted that his brother accepted these gifts, and his brother accepted and both brothers buried their enmity under the carpet forever.
Esau is the father of the Romans and Jacob is the father of the Jews.
A pagan by the name of Shecham ibn Hamor, when he saw the daughter of Jacob Dinah, he pinned her down and had intercourse with her and then approached her father to propose to his daughter Dinah.
The brothers of Dinah said we couldn't marry you to our sister, as you are not circumcised.
the men in the city were circumcised, on the 3rd day after being circumcised, the pain sunk in, Yusuf and his brothers attacked these men, killed them all, and took their wealth as booty.
Rachel gave birth to two sons Yusuf and Benjamin, as they grew older they became more handsome and more pious.
Due to this, the heart of Jacob inclined towards them.
(Remember) when Yûsuf (Joseph) said to his father: "O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves to me." He (the father) said: "O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Shaitān (Satan) is to man an open enemy!
When they said: "Truly, Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother (Benjamin) are loved more by our father than we, but we are 'Usbah (a strong group). Really, our father is in a plain error. "Kill Yûsuf (Joseph) or cast him out to some (other) land, so that the favour of your father may be given to you alone, and after that you will be righteous folk (by intending repentance before committing the sin)." One from among them said: "Kill not Yûsuf (Joseph), but if you must do something, throw him down to the bottom of a well, he will be picked up by some caravan of travellers." They said: "O our father! Why do you not trust us with Yûsuf (Joseph), - when we are indeed his well wishers?" "Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himself and play, and verily, we will take care of him." He [Ya'qûb (Jacob)] said: "Truly, it saddens me that you should take him away. I fear lest a wolf should devour him, while you are careless of him." They said: "If a wolf devours him, while we are 'Usbah (a strong group) (to guard him), then surely, we are the losers." So, when they took him away, they all agreed to throw him down to the bottom of the well, and We inspired in him:"Indeed, you shall (one day) inform them of this their affair, when they know (you) not." And they came to their father in the early part of the night weeping.
They said:"O our father! We went racing with one another, and left Yûsuf (Joseph) by our belongings and a wolf devoured him; but you will never believe us even when we speak the truth." And they brought his shirt stained with false blood. He said: "Nay, but your ownselves have made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting. And it is Allāh (Alone) Whose help can be sought against that which you assert."
Jacob (AS) knew what the dream meant and knew that Yusuf's (AS) brothers would try to hurt Yusuf (AS) due to 'sibling rivalry'.
Reuben was the brother who said 'don't kill Yusuf' but put him in the well.
the brothers of Yusuf (AS) came at the time of Isha to their father, to tell him what happened to Yusuf (AS).
This was done to hide their crocodile tears in the darkness of the night.
And there came a caravan of travellers; they sent their water-drawer, and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said: "What good news! Here is a boy." So they hid him as merchandise (a slave). And Allāh was the All-Knower of what they did.
The brothers of Yusuf (AS) dumped him in the well with no shirt on his back. So the men in the caravan drawled water from the well and found Yusuf (AS).
Jacob (AS) cried and cried for the loss of Yusuf (AS), until he became blind as Yusuf was his favourite child.
And he turned away from them and said: "Alas, my grief for Yûsuf (Joseph)!" And he lost his sight because of the sorrow that he was suppressing. They said: "By Allāh! You will never cease remembering Yûsuf (Joseph) until you become weak with old age, or until you be of the dead." He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allāh, and I know from Allāh that which you know not.
How did prophet Jacob (AS) know the brothers of Yusuf (AS) were lying about the wolf devouring Yusuf (AS)?
The answer was the shirt of Yusuf (AS) did not have a scratch on it, if you were telling the truth; the shirt would have been in tatters.
And [Yûsuf (Joseph)] told his servants to put their money (with which they had bought the corn) into their bags, so that they might know it when they go back to their people, in order that they might come back. So, when they returned to their father, they said: "O our father! No more measure of grain shall we get (unless we take our brother). So send our brother with us, and we shall get our measure and truly we will guard him." He said: "Can I entrust him to you except as I entrusted his brother [Yûsuf (Joseph)] to you a foretime? But Allāh is the Best to guard, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy." And when they opened their bags, they found their money had been returned to them. They said: "O our father! What (more) can we desire? This, our money has been returned to us, so we shall get (more) food for our family, and we shall guard our brother and add one more measure of a camel's load. This quantity is easy (for the king to give)."
He [Ya'qûb (Jacob)] said: "I will not send him with you until you swear a solemn oath to me in Allāh's Name, that you will bring him back to me unless you are yourselves surrounded (by enemies, etc.)," And when they had sworn their solemn oath, he said: "Allāh is the Witness over what we have said."
And he said: "O my sons! Do not enter by one gate, but enter by different gates, and I cannot avail you against Allāh at all. Verily! The decision rests only with Allāh. In him, I put my trust and let all those that trust, put their trust in Him." And when they entered according to their father's advice, it did not avail them in the least against (the Will of) Allāh, it was but a need of Ya'qûb's (Jacob) inner-self which he discharged. And verily, he was endowed with knowledge because We had taught him, but most men know not. And when they went in before Yûsuf (Joseph), he betook his brother (Benjamin) to himself and said: "Verily!I am your brother, so grieve not for what they used to do."
So when he had furnished them forth with their provisions, he put the (golden) bowl into his brother's bag, then a crier cried: "O you (in) the caravan! Surely, you are thieves!" They, turning towards them, said: "What is it that you have missed?" They said: "We have missed the (golden) bowl of the king and for him who produces it is (the reward of) a camel load; I will be bound by it." They said: "By Allāh! Indeed you know that we came not to make mischief in the land, and we are no thieves!" They [Yûsuf's (Joseph) men] said: "What then shall be the penalty of him, if you are (proved to be) liars."
(Yusuf 12: 67-74)
They [Yûsuf's (Joseph) brothers] said: "The penalty should be that he, in whose bag it is found, should be held for the punishment (of the crime). Thus we punish the Zālimûn (wrong-doers, etc.)!" So he [Yûsuf (Joseph)] began (the search) in their bags before the bag of his brother. Then he brought it out of his brother's bag. Thus did We plan for Yûsuf (Joseph). He could not take his brother by the law of the king (as a slave), except that Allāh willed it. (So Allāh made the brothers to bind themselves with their way of "punishment, i.e. enslaving of a thief") We raise to degrees whom We please, but over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing (Allāh).
When Yusuf (AS) served his brothers with the food, he returned the money back to them. He then asked them 'where is your other brother?' and said there will be no more food for you if you do not bring him with you the next time you come. However when the brothers of Yusuf asked their father to allow Benjamin to come with them back to Egypt, he asked them why should he trust them with Benjamin when they betrayed his trust with Yusuf. This was because the believer is not bit in the same hole twice.
Why did Jacob (AS) tell his sons to enter through different gates? some scholars state that the sons of Jacob were handsome and he did not want them to get the evil eye. Another tafsir is that not all of his sons will be wiped out in case they were killed.
The brothers of Yusuf (AS) followed the Shariah of Abraham (AS). The Shariah you practice, that is your Deen.
"O my sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allāh's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allāh's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve."
When the brothers of Yusuf went back to Jacob and told him that Benjamin was held back due to the theft of the king's bowl, so he told them to go back to Egypt to look for both Yusuf and his brother.
Then, when they entered unto him [Yûsuf (Joseph)], they said: "O ruler of the land! A hard time has hit our family, and us and we have brought but poor capital, so pay us full measure and be charitable to us. Truly, Allāh does reward the charitable." He said: "Do you know what you did with Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, when you were ignorant?" They said: "Are you indeed Yûsuf (Joseph)?" He said: "I am Yûsuf (Joseph), and this is my brother (Benjamin). Allāh has indeed been gracious to us. Verily, he who fears Allāh with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allāh makes not the reward of the Muhsinûn (good-doers - see V.2:112) to be lost." They said: "By Allāh! Indeed Allāh has preferred you above us, and we certainly have been sinners." He said: "No reproach on you this day, may Allāh forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!
(Yusuf 12: 88-92)
When the brothers of Yusuf went back to Egypt to buy more food, Yusuf finally exposed himself to them, so they found out it was Yusuf. They realised that Allah (SWT) preferred Yusuf to them, as they left him to die in the well, and he became the minister of finance in a powerful country such as Egypt. so they saw how Allah (SWT) raised the prestige of Yusuf.
"Go with this shirt of mine, and cast it over the face of my father, he will become clear-sighted, and bring to me all your family." And when the caravan departed, their father said: "I do indeed feel the smell of Yûsuf (Joseph), if only you think me not a dotard (a person who has weakness of mind because of old age)."
They said: "By Allāh! Certainly, you are in your old error." Then, when the bearer of the glad tidings arrived, he cast it (the shirt) over his face, and he became clear-sighted. He said: "Did I not say to you, 'I know from Allāh that which you know not.'" They said: "O our father! Ask forgiveness (from Allāh) for our sins, indeed we have been sinners." He said: "I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you, verily He! Only He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful."
Then, when they entered unto Yûsuf (Joseph), he betook his parents to himself and said: "Enter Egypt, if Allāh wills, in security." And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: "O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream a foretime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the Bedouin-life, after Shaitān (Satan) had sown enmity between my brothers and me. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He will. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.
When Jacob (AS) and Rachel entered Egypt, Yusuf treated them with respect. Therefore, his parents and his brothers bowed down to him as a matter of respect.
When Jacob (AS) was on his deathbed, he advised his sons to hold on to tawheed.
And this (submission to Allāh, Islām) was enjoined by Ibrāhim (Abraham) upon his sons and by Ya'qûb (Jacob), (saying), "O my sons! Allāh has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except in the Faith of Islām (as Muslims - Islāmic Monotheism)." Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya'qûb (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We shall worship your Ilāh (God - Allāh), the Ilāh (God) of your fathers, Ibrāhim (Abraham), Ismā'il (Ishmael), Ishāque (Isaac), One Ilāh (God), and to Him we submit (in Islām)."