Saturday, January 12, 2013

-450- Hadeeth Number 39


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
12.05.2012 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT7 and AT3
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7



الحديث التاسع والثلاثون
«عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال إن الله تجاوز لي عن أمتى الخطأ والنسيان وما اسكترهوا عليه» .
حديث حسن رواه ابن ماجة والبيهقي وغيرهما.

On the authority of Ibn Abbas (RA), that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: Verily Allah has pardoned [or been lenient with] for me my ummah: their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and that which they have been forced to do under duress. A hasan hadith related by Ibn Majah, and al-Bayhaqee and others.

By looking at the hadeeth you can tell the sharh will be lengthy
-because the last sentence is a chapter by itself

This hadeeth is talking about usool ul fiqh
-because it is talking about mistakes

According to Shari’ah law, a mistake is when you assumed a thing to be halal
-when it is haram
-this clearly indicates that Shari’ah is a system that is merciful
-because in darul harb when you commit a crime by mistake
-they will tell you ignorance of our law is no excuse
-so they don’t believe in the excuse of ignorance
-and the taghoot are fanatical about their laws; they are Khawarij

On the authority of Qataada who said: “A woman slept with her male servant and cited an ayah of the Holy Qur'an as her evidence for her action. ‘…or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess…’ (An-Nur 24:31). This woman was brought to Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) by a group of Sahabas who complained to Umar that she misinterpreted a verse from the Holy Qur’an and slept with her male servant. Umar commanded that the male servant should be sent away for a year and he was beheaded. He then said to the woman you are now haram for all Muslims.” [Tafseer al-Tabari (9/586) No. 11277]

When Umar (r.a) was the caliph, a woman slept with her slave boy
-because she thought he was her concubine
-Umar pardoned her because of this

Forgetfulness is when you think you performed an act
-when in the actual sense you did not
-e.g. you slept for many hours and forgot to perform a salah
-Allah (swt) won’t hold you accountable for that salah on judgement day

-it means a person who is forgetful
-it also means Human beings
-and because of this Allah forgives us for things we did out of forgetfulness
-because we are forgetful by nature
-Allah (swt) said when we borrow money we should write it down
-because people kill each other because of money
-and so the longest ayah in the Qur'an is talking about money

O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down. Let a scribe write it down in justice between you. Let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so let him write. Let him (the debtor) who incurs the liability dictate, and he must fear Allah, his Lord, and diminish not anything of what he owes. But if the debtor is of poor understanding, or weak, or is unable himself to dictate, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other can remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). You should not become weary to write it (your contract), whether it be small or big, for its fixed term, that is more just with Allah; more solid as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves, save when it is a present trade which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract. Let neither scribe nor witness suffer any harm, but if you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything. (Al-Baqarah 2:282)

-this is when you are forced to do something
-the conditions for ikraah are 4:





Ikraah can be in the form of imprisonment
-this is according to Imam Shafi'i
-so if the taghoot threatens you with life solitary imprisonment, this is ikraah
-because oppression is worse than slaughter
-and this is the correct opinion

...And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing... (Al-Baqarah 2:191)

Ikraah also comes in the form of threats to kill
-if the taghoot threatens to kill you, you are under duress

According to imams Malik, Shafi'i and Ahmad ibn Hanbal,
-the threat of losing your property is ikraah
-but Abu Hanifa said no because when Suhayb Ar-Rumi (r.a) was migrating
-the kuffaar took all his wealth
-this man left all his wealth in Makkah to be able to migrate
-the prophet (saw) said Suhayb is the successful one

Ikraah also comes in the form of threat to cut off your body parts and torture
-when they kidnap your kids and threaten to kill them is also ikraah

It also comes in the form of beating
-because Ammar (r.a) was beaten by Quraish
-and he renounced Islam by his tongue
-so Allah revealed:

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment. (An-Nahl 16:106)

So the matter of ikraah was discussed by the scholars
-what Ammar did was taqiyyah (deception)
-this is to say with your tongue the opposite of what is in your heart
-the prophet (saw) said:

Narrated Ka'b ibn Malik: When the Prophet (SAW) intended to go on an expedition, he always pretended to be going somewhere else, and he would say: "War is deception". [Abu Dawud 2629, Tirmidhi 1681, Ahmed 14312]

Taqiyyah is an integral part of our deen

ويذكر عن أبي الدرداء: إنا لنكشر في وجوه أقوام، وإن قلوبنا لتلعنهم
Abu Darda said: “We will smile at some people but our hearts will curse them.” [Sahih Bukhari (8/31)]

So the Muslims living in darul harb having to interact with them in college and university
-can smile with them while having enmity in their hearts for them
-this is called taqiyyah

وقال الحسن: التقية إلى يوم القيامة
al-Hasan said: “The Taqiyyah is allowed until the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih Bukhari (9/19)]

Taqiyyah is to deceive the kuffaar
-and when you practice this with the kuffaar
-you are not a hypocrite

Many Muslims don’t know they are allowed to do taqiyyah
-and so they can’t fit in the society
-in this case you should make hijrah

Therefore you can do taqiyyah when:

1. Your wealth is threatened
2. Your family is threatened
3. You are threatened imprisonment and torture etc.

-so if you utter words to escape imprisonment of the kuffaar
-you did not do anything wrong because fitna is worse than slaughter

...And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing... (Al-Baqarah 2:191)

When the scholars of Islam discuss the story of ikraah
-they quote the story of Imam Ahmad and Yahya ibn Ma'een
-Ma'moon was a Mu’tazilite and an Abbasid caliph
-his aqeeda was that the holy Qur'an was created
-this is wrong and we don’t agree with it

from Alee bin al-Hasan al-Kuraa'ee who said: Abu Yusuf said: I debated Abu Hanifah for six months, and then our view became united that the one who said the Qur'an is created is a kaafir. [Adh-Dhahabee brings with a good (jayyid) chain of narration, as occurs in Mukhtasar al-Uluww (p. 155)]

-the scholars of ASWJ said that those who believe the Qur'an was created are kuffaar

Imam Shafi (rahimaullah) said, ”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a kaafir” Masail Abu Dawood Pg 262, sanad is Saheeh

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a kaafir; do not say salam to him, neither pray behind him nor sit with him.” Masail ibn Hani Pg 154 Vol.2 fekrah 1863

This caliph used to beat anyone who denied his aqeeda
-therefore your aqeeda affects your Shari’ah directly and they are inseparable
-Imam Ahmad was doing ikraah but still did not abandon his creed

Ma'moon used to beat anyone who denies the Qur'an was created
-and he beat Imam Ahmad until he became weak and sick

Imam Malik was also punished by Mansoor
-he asked him to pass a dodgy fatwa but the imam refused
-and so he dragged his arms out and so
-he prayed for many months with his hands by his sides
-he was under ikraah but still did not abandon his creed

Another scholar went to visit Imam Ahmad in his sick state and gave him salaam
-but Imam Ahmad refused to return his salaam
-he did so because this man had fallen into fitna

When Imam Ahmad turned his face away from him he quoted the story of Ammar
-and this answer made imam Ahmad speak to him
-but the imam told him that you did not quote the whole story

Ammar was passing by the people of Quraish
-who were speaking badly of the prophet (saw)
-so he defended his honour and this made them beat him up
-when he was about to die he renounced Islam with his tongue and this is the ruling

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment. (An-Nahl 16:106)

He was being beaten severely that was why he did taqiyyah
-not because he was afraid of punishment

When Imam Ahmad said these to Yahya ibn Ma'een
-he said the former has spoken the truth
-and he said he has never seen any man more knowledgeable by Imam Ahmad
-and so Imam Ahmad refused to accept that the Qur'an is created
-even after he was beaten so badly

So according to the rules of ikraah
-we can do taqiyyah if our life, property, body parts are threatened
-if you are asked to drink alcohol with a gun at your head you are allowed to do so
-but a scholar did not agree that you can commit adultery under duress
-and all the scholars did not agree for you to do sodomy and murder
-even with a gun at your head

-if you were locked up by the taghoot and they cut off your body parts
-to give information about the ummah,
-you are allowed to lie to them because war is deception

There are people out there who say you are to forgive the person
-who reveals the information of the mujahideen under ikraah
-quoting the incident of Haatib ibn Abi Balta'

Narrated By 'Ali: Allah's Apostle sent me, Az-Zubair and Al-Miqdad saying, "Proceed till you reach Rawdat Khakh where there is a lady carrying a letter, and take that (letter) from her." So we proceeded on our way with our horses galloping till we reached the Rawda, and there we found the lady and said to her, "Take out the letter." She said, "I have no letter." We said, "Take out the letter, or else we will take off your clothes." So she took it out of her braid, and we brought the letter to Allah's Apostle. The letter was addressed from Hatib, bin Abi Balta'a to some pagans of Mecca, telling them about what Allah's Apostle intended to do. Allah's Apostle said, "O Hatib! What is this?" Hatib replied, "O Allah's Apostle! Do not make a hasty decision about me. I was a person not belonging to Quraish but I was an ally to them from outside and had no blood relation with them, and all the Emigrants who were with you, have got their kinsmen (in Mecca) who can protect their families and properties. So I liked to do them a favor so that they might protect my relatives as I have no blood relation with them. I did not do this to renegade from my religion (i.e. Islam) nor did I do it to choose Heathenism after Islam." Allah's Apostle said to his companions." As regards him, he (i.e. Hatib) has told you the truth." 'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop off the head of this hypocrite!" The Prophet said, "He (i.e. Hatib) has witnessed the Badr battle (i.e. fought in it) and what could tell you, perhaps Allah looked at those who witnessed Badr and said, "O the people of Badr (i.e. Badr Muslim warriors), do what you like, for I have forgiven you. "Then Allah revealed the Sura: "O you who believe! Take not my enemies And your enemies as friends offering them (Your) love even though they have disbelieved in that Truth (i.e. Allah, Prophet Muhammad and this Quran) which has come to you... (to the end of Verse)... (And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray (away) from the Straight Path." (60.1) [al-Bukhari (3007) and Muslim (2494)]

The MADkhalis use this story to spy for the mi5
-they take the story out of context and spin it around

When you are under duress, you can be like Ammar and do taqiyyah
-or be like Bilal who refused to do so
-so you have 2 stances
-one of Bilal and one of Ammar
-both stances are permissible because they were praised by the prophet (saw)
-and you are not to criticise any one of them

Abdullah ibn Hudhaifa as Sahami was captured by a Roman king
-he asked him to renounce Islam and become a Christian and marry the king's daughter
-he refused to do so
-so the king took out the Muslim prisoners in his prison
-and threw them in hot oil
-but this didn’t make him break

When he was taken to be thrown in the hot oil
-he started to cry and the kuffaar thought that they got him
-when he was asked why he cried
-he said he only has one life to die for Allah (swt)
-and he wished he had many lives to give for the sake of Allah (swt)
-so the king realised this man will never turn back from his deen
-so he asked him to kiss his forehead and he will free all the Muslims
-he kissed the king and Umar (r.a) asked all the sahabah present in Madina to kiss this man

So he took the same stance as Bilal
-he refused to apostate from Islam

Sumaiya (r.a) who was the first shaheed in Islam also took the stance of Bilal
-she spat at Abu Jahl when he asked her to apostate
-and he stabbed her in her private parts
-her husband Yaasir also took the same stance and did not apostate
-so the scholars of Islam gave these 2 options
-the ball is in your court


Sheikh when Ammar Ibn Yaasir’s mother (Sumaiya) was being tortured he didn’t renounce Islam. He only did it after he himself was tortured. I have been told that therefore ikraah can only apply to you and not if they threaten your family and this was the opinion of Imam Ahmad. Allahu Aalam. Please could you clarify?

-she didn’t renounce Islam
-Haatib wrote the letter and said he did so because he was poor
-and had no one to protect his family
-the prophet (saw) did not make takfeer on him

O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists, etc.) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism, this Qur'ān, and Muhammad SAW), and have driven out the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allāh your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in My Cause and to seek My Good Pleasure, (then take not these disbelievers and polytheists, etc., as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-Aware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray, (away) from the Straight Path. (Al-Mumtahinah 60:1)

-if they threaten your family, you are considered under ikraah
-this ayat was revealed to correct Haatib
-Allah (swt) did not make takfeer on him
-Allah called him a believer
-your family is duress
-those who say otherwise are mistaken
-wealth is classified as duress
-your kids are more important than your wealth

Suhayb migrated penniless because they kept his wealth
-only Hanafi says you are not allowed to use taqiyyah to save your wealth

…except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allāh warns you against Himself (His Punishment), and to Allāh is the final return. (Aali Imran 3:28)


Assalamu alaikum sheikh, if the only job i can get requires that i have to shave my beard and wear uniforms with images that promote kufr, is this allowed since it is the only source of income available at a point of necessity?

-according to sharia you have to try your best to find another job
-necessity knows no law
-why don’t you migrate?

Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allāh spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (An-Nisa 4:97)

-make hijra; why do you stay amongst the kuffar?
-some of shaikh’s students have gone to Libya
-they are not starving
-you love darul harb too much
-some of you can't leave the UK or USA

A sister refused marriage to stay in London and not go to Birmingham etc.
-she said the person had to be a Londoner
-why complain about having to cut beard and uniform?
-you chase the US dollar and the pound


I am in a joint business with another brother to sell electronic goods (he invest money and I have expertise in electronic). We share in the profit and loss. When I buy a phone with a default do we share also in the loss or do I have to pay for the loss because I brought it.

-you have to come to an agreement with the person about this
-you share only when it is a joint decision
-if you acted behind the back of your partner
-you have the loss


Assalamu alaikum Shaikh, regarding Hadith ahad, I once mentioned to a hizb-ut-tahrir that Mu'adh Ibn Jabal was sent ALONE to teach Islam to the people of Yemen. The reply he gave me was: "Aqeeda, NOT Sharia!” Does this imply (according to them) that Aqeeda is of less importance than Sharia? Sounds like he was splitting hairs. Kindly advice. Jzk.


Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen, he said to him, "You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith #469]

-this person lied
-this is why you should not go listen to unknowledgeable people,
-don’t go to their rooms

Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allāh is able to do all things? (Al-Baqarah 2:106)

-some deny that Quranic verses were abrogated
-2:106 is proof against them
-you wouldn't go to an unqualified person for other things relating to dunya
-when it comes to your deen, you take it from everyone

Only a kaffir takes his deen from a kaffir
-why didn’t you tell him he was a liar?
-Memorize the hadiths -the hujjah

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) narrated, 'A Bedouin came to the Prophet (SAW) and said, 'I have sighted the crescent (of Ramadan). He then said to him, "Do you testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah?" The Bedouin said, 'Yes.' He asked him again, "Do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?'' The man replied, 'Yes.' The Messenger of Allah (SAW) thereupon said, "O Bilal! Announce to the people to (start) fasting tomorrow." [Sunan Abu Dawud (2/302) No. 2340, Sunan al-Nasa'i (4/132) No. 2113, Sunan Tirmidhi (3/74) No. 691, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/565) No. 1652, Sunan al-Darime (2/9) No. 1692]

Ibn 'Umar (RA) narrated, 'The people were trying to sight the new moon (of Ramadan) and when I reported to the Messenger of Allah (SAW) that I had seen it, he fasted and commanded people to fast.' [Sunan Abu Dawud (2/302) No. 2342, Sahih Ibn Hibban (8/231) No. 3447]

Narrated By 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: While the people were offering the Fajr prayer at Quba (near Medina), someone came to them and said: "It has been revealed to Allah's Apostle tonight, and he has been ordered to pray facing the Ka'ba." So turn your faces to the Ka'ba. Those people were facing Sham (Jerusalem) so they turned their faces towards Ka'ba (at Mecca). [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 8, Hadith #397]

On the authority of ameer ul -mumineen (the commander of the faithful), abu hafs Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, "Actions are but by intentions and every man shall have only that which he intended. Thus he whose migration (hijrah from Makkah to Madina) was for Allah and His Messenger, his migration was for Allah and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated." It is related by the two imams of the scholars of hadith, Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ismael ibn Ibraheem ibn al-Mugheera ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhari and Abu-l-Husain Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim al-Qushairee an-Naisaboree, in their two Saheehs, which are the soundest of compiled books [i.e., the most truthful books after the Book of Allah, since the Qur’an is not ‘compiled’].


Assalamu Alaikum, What are engaged couple allowed to do? Are they allowed to say I care about you or I love you? And are they allowed to talk to each other before the marriage?

-they can talk but not too much
-you are not to delay a marriage
-it is makrooh
-some sisters like to delay marriage
-they wait for many years and then back out

Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said to him, “O Ali, Three things you should not postpone: the prayer when the hour for it arrives, the funeral when it is ready, and (the marriage of) an unmarried woman when you find a suitable match for her.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (1/320) No. 171, al-Tarikh al-Kabir al-Bukhari (1/177) No. 538, Musnad Ahmad (1/105) No. 828, Mustadrak al-Haakim (2/176) No. 2686]