Thursday, May 9, 2013

QUALITIES OF A REAL STUDENT OF KNOWLEDGE


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A REAL TAALIB-UL-ILM
by Shaykh Abdullah Faisal
Pal Talk– 16 April 2013

1. IKHLAS AN-NIYYAH ( SINCERITY )
You need to purify your intention and know why you are seeking knowledge
- not everyone's intention is clear,
- some people seek knowledge to show off.

Ka’b ibn Malik (RA) reported that he heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) say: “If anyone seeks knowledge in order to compete with the scholars or to concur with the foolish or to direct the faces of the people toward himself, Allah will put him in the fire." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/32) No. 2654, Sunan Darimi (1/374) No. 379, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/170) No. 254, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/161) No. 293, Sahih Ibn Hibban (1/278) No. 77, Shu’ab al-Iman al-Bayhaqi (3/269) No. 1636, al-Mu’jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (6/32) No. 5708]

Waasil ibn Ataa (founded the Mu'tazalite Movement)
-all the deviant groups are founded by scholars
-some people start off as sincere students 
-but the shaitan gives them was-wasa and cause them to deviate

-Mirza ghulam Ahmad
-Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was a scholar and he started the Qaadiyaani movement

2. PATIENCE (SABR)
You need to have sabr to go through the journey
-many people drop out before finishing university
-some complain about food, the difficulty of the subjects etc
-knowledge is not for lovers of ease

...The Prophet added, "May Allah be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #124]

The Rasul (saws) said that if Musa (a.s) had sabr he would have many things from Al khadir
-but he only learned only 3 things due to his impatience

3. HUMILITY
If you are too proud to ask questions then you will not know
-these people prefer to be self-taught
-they buy books and study on their own
-and these people have shaitan as their shaikh

Narrated By Ubai bin Ka'b: The Prophet said, "Once the Prophet Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, "Who is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am the most learned." Allah admonished Moses as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him "At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you." Moses said, "O my Lord! How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant) boy, Yusha' bin Nuin and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a tunnel. So it was an amazing thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest of that night and the following day. When the day broke, Moses said to In the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crew of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak." Al-Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "These people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people." Al-Khadir replied, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me." Moses said, "Call me not to account for what I forgot." The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had forgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy's head from the top and plucked it out with his hands.

4. BOLDNESS ( NOT TO BE SHY)
Umm Sulaim asked the Rasul (saws) about wet dream

Umm Salamah (RA) said that Umm Sulaym bint Milhan (RA) came to the 'Prophet (SAW) and said, "Messenger of Allah! Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Is it wajib for a woman to have a bath if she has sexual dream as a man does?" He said, "Yes, when she sees signs of mani (discharge), she must have a bath." Umm Salamah (RA) said that she remarked, "O 'Umm Sulaym! You have disgraced women." [Tirmidhi 122, Ahmed 26675, Bukhari 282, Ibn e Majah 600, Muslim 313, Abu Dawud 237, Nisai 197]

5. YOU HAVE TO GIVE ALL YOUR TIME TO THE ILM
So if you go to a country to seek knowledge
-don't open a shop that will be diversion from
-why you came there

6. RESPECT THE SINCERE SCHOLARS OF ISLAM
Always say rahimuhullah when you mention those who are no longer alive

Al-Ash'ari said, "Part of respect for Allah is to show respect to an old Muslim and to someone who knows the Qur'an, as long as he does not go to excess in it nor turn away from it, and to respect a just ruler." [Al-Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari, Hadith #357]

7. YOUR MOTTO: HIKMA IS THE LOST PROPERTY OF A BELIEVER; WHEREVER HE FINDS IT HE IS THE MOST DESERVING OF IT

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “The words of wisdom are the lost possession of a believer. So, where so ever he finds them, he has more right over them.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/51) No. 2687, Ibn Majah (5/269) No. 4169]

8. YOU NEED TO HAVE GOOD ADAB WITH YOUR TEACHERS
Even the kuffaar respect their kaafir mentors and they are teaching them kufr
-so how about you?

O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allāh and His Messenger (SAW), and fear Allāh. Verily! Allāh is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Al-Hujurat 49:1)

O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet (SAW), nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds may be rendered fruitless while you perceive not. (Al-Hujurat 49:2)


9. ABSTAIN FROM ARGUING WITH THE IGNORANT

And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allāh) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. (Al-Furqan 25:63)

-Imam Shafi defeated many scholars in debates but lost to the ignorant
-because he doesn't allow him to speak his point

Narrated by ‘Aishah that the Prophet said: “The most despicable person to Allah is one who is harshly argumentative." [al-Bukhari (2457) and Muslim (2668)]

Abu Umamah Al-Bahili (RA) reported: Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners." [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/253) No. 4800]

10. PRACTICE THE KNOWLEDGE

Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allāh) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Taurāt (Torah)]! Have you then no sense? (Al-Baqarah 2:44)

Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allāh. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (As-Saff 61:1)

O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? (As-Saff 61:2)

Most hateful it is with Allāh that you say that which you do not do. (As-Saff 61:3)


11. YOU SHOULD NOT HIDE THE KNOWLEDGE

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "He who is asked about knowledge (of religion) and conceals it, will be bridled with a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection." [Sunan Abu Dawud (3/321) No. 3658, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/29) No. 2649, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/178) No. 266, Musnad Ahmad (2/263) No. 7561]

Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allāh and cursed by the cursers. (Al-Baqarah 2:159)


12. TO ADMONISH MUSLIMS AND GIVE DAWAH TO KUFFAAR

... Invite (mankind, O Muhammad SAW) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islām) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur'ān) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.
(An-Nahl 16:125)

"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allāh." (Ta-Ha 20:44)


One day an ascetic came to Harun al-Rashid and said, ‘O Harun, fear God!’ Harun al-Rashid withdrew with him and said, ‘O fellow, treat me fairly. Who is more evil, me or the pharaoh?’ The ascetic replied, ‘Without doubt the pharaoh.’ Harun al-Rashid continued, ‘Then who is better, you yourself or Moses?’ He replied, ‘Without doubt Moses.’ Harun al-Rashid said, ‘Are you not aware that when He sent Moses and his brother to him [i.e. the pharaoh], He said to them, ‘Speak to him gently’, but you have harangued me with the most violent and unseemly words, you have not been schooled in the practice of God’s praiseworthy discipline nor have you adopted the good qualities of the righteous ones!’ The ascetic replied, ‘I ask God for forgiveness.’ He replied, ‘God has already pardoned you’ and ordered him to be given twenty thousand dirhams. However, the ascetic refused to accept it. These are the right manners. [Ibn al-Jawzi, al-Muntazam fi Tarikh al-umam (8/328) and Tarikh al-Tabari (8/358-359)

13. YOU NEED TO PRACTICE ENJOINING THR RIGHT AND FORBIDDING THE WRONG

On the authority of Abu Umar who said: Allah sent two angels to destroy a township with a natural disaster, but when they got there they found a man praying in the mosque. They went back to Allah and said: 'O Allah we found a man praying in the mosque.' Allah said to the two angels: 'Go back and destroy the township with that man as well because not once did he ever frown when he saw the people indulging in haram.' [Ibnul Qayyim, al-Jawaab al-Kaafi (Vol. 1, pg. 46)]

Hudhayfa bin al-Yaman (RA) relates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you must certainly command the good and forbid evil, or else a punishment from Him would soon be sent upon you, after which you would call upon Him yet your supplication (dua) would not be answered.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/468) No. 2169]


And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allāh is Severe in punishment. (Al-Anfal 8:25)

Ibn Taymiyyah said (rh): “These three are essential: knowledge, kindness and patience: knowledge before enjoining or forbidding, kindness when doing so and patience afterwards, as it was narrated that one of the salaf said: No one can enjoin what is good or forbid what is evil unless he understands what he is enjoining or forbidding, and is kind in enjoining and kind in forbidding, and is patience and forbearing when enjoining and when forbidding.” [Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (28/137)]

14. STAY AWAY FROM HARAAM
This will make you forget the knowledge

“I complained to Wakee’ of my poor memory. Leaving sins is what he guided me to address. He informed me that knowledge is a light. And Allah’s light is not gifted to those who transgress.” [Diwan ash-Shafi'i]

شكوت إلى وكيع سوء حفظي ..... فأرشدني إلى ترك المعاصي
وأخـبرني بأن العـلم نــور ..... ونور الله لا يهـدى لعـاص


15. DON'T STOP SEEKING KNOWLEDGE

The shaitan will like you to say that you have had enough knowledge
-that means you have lost it

...Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak."... [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #124]

... And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little." (Al-Isra 17:85)
... say: "My Lord! Increase me in knowledge." (Ta-Ha 20:114)


16. LISTEN TO THE ADVICE OF OTHERS TO IMPROVE YOURSELF

On the authority of Tamim Al-Dari that the prophet said: "Religion is sincerity". We said: "To whom?" He said: "To Allah and His Book, and His messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk". [Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith #98]

Abu Hurayra (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "A believer is the mirror of his brother. A believer is the brother of another believer. He protects him against loss and defends him behind his back." [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/280) No. 4918, al-Bukhari in 'Adab al-Mufrad' No. 239]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “Each of you is a mirror of his brother. So, if he sees a defect in him, he must remove it from him.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/325) No. 1929]


17. BE FIRM AND BOLD IN SPEAKING THE HAQQ

-a scholar spoke the haqq infront of Mua'wiyyah
-and he was the caliph then

On the authority of Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RA): the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "The best type of Jihad is speaking a true word in the presence of a tyrant ruler." [Sunan Abu Dawud (4/124) No. 4344, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/144) No. 4011, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/471) No. 2174]

Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If you see my Ummah afraid of telling the oppressor: 'You are an oppressor', it is farewell to the Ummah." [Musnad Ahmad (2/190) No. 6784 and Mustadrak al-Haakim (4/108) No. 7036, Haakim said Sahih Isnaad also declared Sahih by Adh-Dhahabi in al-Talkhees]

18. YOU SHOULD HAVE ONE FACE

Abu Hurairah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "You will find on Day of Resurrection the worst among the people, a double-faced person who appears to some people with one face and to others with another face.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

You should not swing to the ideology of the one facing you
-you will not be respected if you keep changing from one creed to another

19. YOU SHOULD PAY ATTENTION TO FIQH-UL WAAQI
You should know what is happening around you

Ibn al-Qayyim (rh) said: The mufti or judge is not able to issue a fatwa or verdict without understanding two things: (1) Understanding and having a good grasp of reality: he should have a good understanding of what is happening, on the basis of circumstantial evidence and other signs, so that he has a full understanding of it. (2) Understanding what is required in the light of these circumstances, which means understanding the ruling of Allah that He issued in His book or on the lips of His Messenger concerning this reality, then he should apply the one to the other. [I‘laam al-Muwaqqi‘een, (1/87)]

"In Habasha, there is a king that no one is wronged under his reign, so emigrate to his country until Allah makes a relief and a way out for you from what you suffer" [al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (9/16) No. 17734, narrated by Um Salamah]

Narrated By Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen, he said to him, "You are going to a nation from the people of the Scripture, so let the first thing to which you will invite them, be the Tauhid of Allah. If they learn that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers to be offered in one day and one night. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them Zakat of their properties and it is to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor. And if they agree to that, then take from them Zakat but avoid the best property of the people." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 9, Book 93, Hadith #469]

20. DO NOT QUOTE FABRICATED HADITH

Narrated By Anas: The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet said: "Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #108]

21. DO NOT QUOTE ABROGATED EVIDENCES

On the authority of Abu Abdur Rahman as-Sullami, who said: 'Ali (RA) entered upon a Qadi (judge) and asked him: "Do you know the abrogated evidences (i.e. an-Naasikh wal mansookh)?" The man said: "No." Ali said to him: "You are destroyed and you are seeking to destroy others."' [al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (10/200-201) No. 20360, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/290) No. 26192, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (3/220) No. 5407]

Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allāh is able to do all things? (Al-Baqarah 2:106)

O you who believe! Approach not As­Salāt (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janāba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum). Truly, Allāh is Ever Oft­Pardoning, Oft­Forgiving. (An-Nisa 4:43)

‘Abdullah ibn Umar (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone drinks wine then his salah over forty days are not approved. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. If he reverts (to it), then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents, Allah will relent to him but if he reverts (to it) then Allah will not approve his salah over forty days. If he repents then Allah will relent to him. Again, if he reverts the fourth time, Allah will not approve his salah over forty days and if he repents then Allah will not relent to him and He will give him to drink from the river of Khabal.” Someone asked, “O Abu Abdur Rahman! what is the river of Khabal?’ He said, “The pus of the dwellers of the people of fire.” [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/290) No. 1862, Sunan Nasa'i (8/317) No. 5670, Musnad Ahmad (2/35) No. 4917, al-Mu’jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (12/390) No. 13441]

22. ALWAYS BRING TAKHREEJ FOR THE EVIDENCE YOU QUOTE

23. STAY AWAY FROM KNOWLEDGE THAT DOESN'T BENEFIT

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) the Messenger of Allah (SAW) used to said:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْأَرْبَعِ، مِنْ عِلْمٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ، وَمِنْ قَلْبٍ لَا يَخْشَعُ، وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ لَا تَشْبَعُ، وَمِنْ دُعَاءٍ لَا يُسْمَعُ
"Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min al-'Arba'a min ‘ilmin la yanfa’ wa min qalbin la yakhsha’ wa min nafsin la tashba’ wa min du’a'in la yusma’" (O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from four things: from knowledge that is of no benefit, a heart which is not submissive, a soul which has an insatiable appetite, and a supplication which is not heard). [Musnad Ahmad (2/340) No. 8469, Sunan Abu Dawud (2/92) No. 1548, Sunan al-Nasa'i (8/263) No. 5467, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/11) No. 3837]

Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayatīn (devils), and the Shaitān (Devil ­ Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (Al-Isra 17:27)

WHAT DESTROYS KNOWLEDGE

1. SINS

... So be afraid of Allāh; and Allāh teaches you (Al-Baqarah 2:282)

2. FORGETFULNESS - DUE TO LACK OF PRACTICING IT
3. PRIDE
4. SHYNESS
5. IMPATIENCE
6. DIVERSION