Thursday, May 9, 2013

Tafseer of Surah Ankaboot - Allah Is Al-Razzaaq (The Sustainer) and Al-Wahhaab (The Provider)

Tafseer of Surah Ankaboot - Allah Is Al-Razzaaq (The Sustainer) and Al-Wahhaab (The Provider)

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal


And so many a moving (living) creature there is, that carries not its own provision! Allāh provides for it and for you. And He is the All-Hearer, the All­Knower. (Al-'Ankabut 29:60)


-         Allah is saying that He is the Provider so nothing can find food without His will


If you were to ask them: "Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon?" They will surely reply: "Allāh." How then are they deviating (as polytheists and disbelievers)? (Al-'Ankabut 29:61)


-         The deviation that Allah is talking about in this ayah (29:61) is to deviate from your        natural instincts

-         The natural instinct is to worship Allah alone

-         Not worshipping Allah is deviating from your natural instincts

-         Allah uses tauheed ar-rubbubiyah as evidence for tauheed ibadah

-         Allah is saying since He is the only creator, He alone deserves to be worshipped


So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islāmic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allāh Alone) Allāh's Fitrah (i.e. Allāh's Islāmic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq­illāh (i.e. the Religion of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir At­Tabarī, Vol 21, Page 41] (Ar-Rum 30:30)


This is the creation of Allāh. So show Me that which those (whom you worship), besides Him have created. Nay, the Zālimûn (polytheists, wrong­doers and those who do not believe in the Oneness of Allāh) are in plain error. (Luqman 31:11)


-         The wood and stone people worship haven't created anything

-         Therefore they don't deserved to be worshipped


-         Allah mentioned the sun and moon in many verses of the Quran


And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allāh Who created them, if you (really) worship Him. (Fussilat 41:37)


-         This ayah (41:37) is used to refute those who say Muslims worship the moon


Allāh enlarges the provision for whom He wills of His slaves, and straitens it for whom (He wills). Verily, Allāh is the All­Knower of everything. (Al-'Ankabut 29:62)


-         Allah may enlarge or straiten the sustenance of a person


Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) nor Al-Mushrikûn (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allāh, idolaters, polytheists, pagans, etc.) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allāh chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allāh is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)


Allah may enlarge or straiten the sustenance of a person


...But Allāh chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allāh is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Al-Baqarah 2:105)


So her Lord (Allāh) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zakariyā (Zachariya). Every time he entered Al-Mihrāb to (visit) her , he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: "O Maryam (Mary)! From where have you got this?" She said, "This is from Allāh." Verily, Allāh provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit." (Aali Imran 3:37)


-         When Maryam was in her private domain, Zakariyya would be surprised to see fruits from outside its season

-         Maryam told Zakariyya that it’s from Allah and that Allah provides sustenance to whom he wills without measure

-         Sometimes a man is denied of his sustenance because of his sins

-         A person could suffer from poverty because of his sins


It was narrated from Thawban that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Nothing increases one's life span except righteousness and nothing repels the Divine decree except supplication, and a man may be deprived of provision by a sin that he commits."' [Sunan Ibn Majah (5/152) No. 4022, Musnad Ahmad (5/277) No. 22440, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/670) No. 1814, Sahih Ibn Hibban (3/153) No. 872, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Nasa'i (10/380) No. 11775]


And whosoever fears Allāh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). (At-Talaq 65:2)


And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allāh, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allāh will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allāh has set a measure for all things. (At-Talaq 65:3)


And this life of the world is only amusement and play! Verily, the home of the Hereafter, that is the life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never end), if they but knew. (Al-'Ankabut 29:64)


If you were to ask them: "Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and gives life therewith to the earth after its death?" They will surely reply: "Allāh." Say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allāh!" Nay! Most of them have no sense. (Al-'Ankabut 29:63)


-         Hajar ran between two hills looking for water and she found zamzam

-         She put stones around it

-         If Ismail’s mother didn’t put stones around it, it wouldn’t have been a well, it would have been a river instead


-         A woman can be a minister of something but the head of state should be a man

-         When the earth is dead it can't sustain life

-         the animals migrate

-         when the rain comes, the animals return

-         Allah said to say All the praises and thank be to Allah because Allah is the one who sends the rain



Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allāh has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him. (Aali Imran 3:14)


-         Men go crazy for women, children, wealth, horses, cattle and well tilled land



Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children, as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers, evil-doers), and (there is) Forgiveness from Allāh and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers, good-doers), whereas the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment. (Al-Hadid 57:20)


The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, (At-Takathur 102:1)

Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (At-Takathur 102:2)


-         The dunya is about rivalry between people


Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:3)

Again, Nay! You shall come to know! (At-Takathur 102:4)


And proclaim the Grace of your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and all other Graces). (Ad-Duha 93:11)


-         Allah does not encourage poverty

-         Allah is saying to strike a balance between dunya and deen

-         Allah said to proclaim His bounties

-         Many sheikhs promote poverty and they make rich people feel bad about their wealth

-         There is no good in poverty because poverty leads to kufr

-         Umar said that if poverty was a man he would have killed him with his own two hands

-         The Prophet sought refuge from poverty like seeking refuge from the punishment of the grave


Anas Ibn Malik narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Poverty, in all probability, leads to unbelief (kufr)...” [al-Bayhaqi narrated in 'Shu’ab al-Eemaan' (9/12) No. 6188 and Abu Na'eem narrated in 'Hileeyat al-Awwleeyah' (3/109)]


-         Poverty leads to prostitution

-         Allah said in the Quran to have fun


But seek, with that (wealth) which Allāh has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allāh has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allāh likes not the Mufsidûn (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). (Al-Qasas 28:77)


-         Use the wealth Allah has given to you to prepare yourself for the hereafter

-         Don't forget to have fun but make sure that fun is halal

-         Don't be stingy or say you gained wealth because of your own intelligence or hard work


Narrated By Abu Huraira: that he heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Allah willed to test three Israelis who were a Leper, a blind man and a bald-headed man. So, he sent them an angel who came to the leper and said, 'What thing do you like most?' He replied, "Good color and good skin, for the people have a strong aversion to me.' The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given a good color and beautiful skin. The angel asked him, 'What kind of property do you like best?' He replied, 'Camels (or cows).' (The narrator is in doubt, for either the leper or the bald-headed man demanded camels and the other demanded cows.) So he (i.e. the leper) was given a pregnant she-camel, and the angel said (to him), 'May Allah bless you in it.'


The angel then went to the bald-headed man and said, 'What thing do you like most?' He said, 'I like good hair and wish to be cured of this disease, for the people feel repulsion for me.' The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given good hair. The angel asked (him), 'What kind of property do you like bests' He replied, 'Cows,' The angel gave him a pregnant cow and said, 'May Allah bless you in it.' The angel went to the blind man and asked, 'What thing do you like best?' He said, '(I like) that Allah may restore my eye-sight to me so that I may see the people.' The angel touched his eyes and Allah gave him back his eye-sight. The angel asked him, "What kind of property do you like best?' He replied, 'Sheep.' The angel gave him a pregnant sheep. Afterwards, all the three pregnant animals gave birth to young ones, and multiplied and brought forth so much that one of the (three) men had a herd of camels filling a valley, and one had a herd of cows filling a valley, an


Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a bald man, went to the bald man and said to him the same as he told the first one, and he too answered the same as the first one did. The angel said, 'If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before.'


-         Allah said to be good to others the way He was good to you


The angel, disguised in the shape of a blind man, went to the blind man and said, 'I am a poor man and a traveler, whose means of livelihood have been exhausted while on a journey. I have nobody to help me except Allah, and after Him, you yourself. I ask you in the Name of Him Who has given you back your eye-sight to give me a sheep, so that with its help, I may complete my journey' The man said, 'No doubt, I was blind and Allah gave me back my eye-sight; I was poor and Allah made me rich; so take anything you wish from my property. By Allah, I will not stop you for taking anything (you need) of my property which you may take for Allah's sake.' The angel replied, 'Keep your property with you. You (i.e 3 men) have been tested and Allah is pleased with you and is angry with your two companions." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol.4, Book 56, Hadith #670]


-         You need taqwa to use your wealth in the right way

-         Allah said do not use your wealth to create mischief in the land

-         Many celebrities are broke after having millions because when you have wealth without any taqwa you will use your wealth for haram

-         Using your wealth to dabber in haram is very expensive

-         This ayah (28:77) shows that Allah doesn't encourage poverty

-         Don't be a materialist who forgets his deen and don't be a spiritualist who forgets to feed his family


-         According to shariah law if you don't give your wife money for her weekly shopping you have lost your conjugal rights because she needs food to enjoy a physical relationship


Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allāh has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allāh and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what Allāh orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property, etc.). As to those women on whose part you see ill­conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allāh is Ever Most High, Most Great. (An-Nisa 4:34)


Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “This world is the prison of the believer and the paradise of the unbeliever.” [Sahih Muslim (4/2272) No. 2956, Musnad Ahmad (2/323) No. 8272, Sunan Tirmidhi (4/562) No. 2324, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/232) No. 4113]


-         The dunya is a prison for the believers because they have restrictions to live by m

-         Muslims have to lower their gaze and shop carefully

-         Islam restricts people

-         the kaafirs don't have any restrictions

-         Therefore the dunya is a prison for the believers and paradise for the kuffaar

-         The god of democracy is hawa (evil desires)


Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilāh (god), and Allāh knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allāh? Will you not then remember? (Al-Jathiyah 45:23)


-         The definition of democracy (the government of the people, by the people, for the people) is the greatest shirk


Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “The world, with all that it contains, is accursed except for dhikr (the remembrance of Allah) that which pleases Allah; and the religious scholars and seekers of knowledge.'' [Sunan Tirmidhi (4/561) 2322 and Sunan Ibn Majah (5/231) 4112, (Abu Eesa al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan ghareeb)]


-         Take care of your heart by being in an environment where you can hear Quran and Sunnah because you are living in darul harb and only the strong survive

-         Some sahabahs apostate, when they followed Musailama, and they were from the best generation