Thursday, May 9, 2013

Tafseer of Surah Ankaboot - Salah prevent us from Fa’ashaa and Munkar

Tafseer of Surah Ankaboot - Salah prevent us from fa’ashaa and munkar
                                                            By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
                                                                           (Notes by Muminah_29)

 Recite (O Muhammad) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur'an), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha' (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed, etc.) and the remembering (praising, etc.) of (you by) Allah (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising, etc.) Allah in prayers, etc.]. And Allah knows what you do. (Surah Ankabut 29:45)


Allah is telling us in this ayah is the importance of salaah.

The person who prays is better than the one who doesn’t pray.

If a person abandons the salaah totally he is a kaffir.


This is the opinion of Ibn Tayymiah and also ibn Hanbal.

The opinion of the other 3 imams is that if you don’t pray you are still a Muslim because you recite the shahada, but the correct opinion is that of ibn Hanbal.


But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion. (In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know. (Surah Taubah 9:11)


The Prophet (saw) had some prisoners of war who took shahadah but Umar (r) said what if their shahadah is fake

 So Allah laid down 3 conditions in Ch 9:11 to know if a person’s shahadah is real and those are:

1) To perform the Salaah

2) Pay Zakat

3) Be Brothers in Deen


We must also make taubah

There are five pillars of taubah:

1) To stop the act

2) To feel remorse

3) Beg a person’s forgiveness whom you have wronged  

4) Pray 2 rakat and ask Allah's forgiveness

5) To make taubah before death rattles

Ibn Hanbal used Surah Taubah vs. 11 to prove u need to perform salah to be a Muslim.

Salah itself is a form of dhikr and dhikr of Allah is the greatest thing


Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Allah accepts repentance of His slave as long as he does not gasp for last breaths.” [Musnad Ahmad (2/132) No. 6160, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/547) No. 3537, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/322) No. 4253, Musnad Abu Ya'la (10/81) No. 5717, Sahih Ibn Hibban (2/394) No. 628, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (9/281) No. 6661]


 The person, who prays regularly, avoids illegal sexual intercourse and other sins the magnitude of his sin is smaller.

But the one who doesn’t pray his sins are grave and he can commit all sorts of sins.

The one who abandons salaah his character and behavior is like a kaafir,

If you don’t know his name you will think he’s a Christian, Hindu or even Buddhist because his character is not that of a Muslim

This is the plight of the one who abandons salah totally

When people abandon salah they suffer from mental health issues and become depressed and have psychological and emotional problems they even suffer physically


They become obese when they abandon sawm (fasting) and salah

The reason they suffer is because Allah made a promise in Surah 20 vs. 124 -126


"But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Quran nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection." (20:124)


He will say:"O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight (before)." (20:125)


 (Allah) will say: "Like this, Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) came unto you, but you disregarded them (i.e. you left them, did not think deeply in them, and you turned away from them), and so this Day, you will be neglected (in the Hell-fire, away from Allah's Mercy)." (Surah Taha 20:126)



Another verse to prove that the one who abandons salaah lives a wretched life is found in Surah 43 vs. 36


And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Quran and worship of Allah), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satan - devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him. (Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:36)


We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered. (Surat Al-'An`ām 6:38)


All the problems we see in the world the answers can be found in Quran


To say to a person there’s a chemical imbalance in the brain that’s why you are hearing voices that’s wrong

The reason people hear voices in their heads is because they have abandoned their Lord


Ayat 46


And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, inviting them to Islamic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of them as do wrong, and say (to them): "We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; our Ilah (God) and yourIlah (God) is One (i.e. Allah), and to Him we have submitted (as Muslims)." (Surah Ankabut 29:46)


 Allah is telling us not to degrade ourselves to their level in their manner of speech and ways but speak to them in a way that is better.

We can tell a Christian we believe in the same God but our worship is different.

They worship 3 gods and we worship Allah alone.


The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "This world is cursed, as is everything in it, except for the remembrance of Allah, righteous deeds, a scholar and a student of knowledge." Classed saheeh by al-Albani


 Our creed is monotheism.

We the believers are monotheist.

Their (Christians) creed is polytheism.

The Christians gathered together in a council at Nicea and decided to make trinity.

And Allah made takfeer on them in Surah 5 vs. 73


Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is no ilah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God -Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them. (Surah Al Maidah 5:73)


 A Christian is a pagan and the reason Allah did not call them pagans is because they have the book called the Injeel.

But the Prophet (saw) called them pagans at the battle of badr because of Surah Taubah vs. 31.


They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) to worship none but One Ilah (God - Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)." (Surat At-Tawbah 9:31)


 The Jews and Christians took their priests and rabbis as gods besides Allah they make what is halal haraam and vice versa.

Worship is not only bowing down to something but also following them in their vain desires.



Jamaican TV invited Shaikh for a debate and invited a bishop

The topic was Is Jesus God?

The bishop agreed but the bishop didn’t stick to the topic he digressed.

He brought up the Prophet's (saw) marriage to Aisha and Zainab bint Jash (ra) and wanted to slander the Prophet (saw).

They (disbelievers) debate very very dirty and never stick to the topic

This is Shaikhs’ experience.


 So we have to be better than them.

They lie their way out.

They even say Allah is the moon god and that Muslims worship the moon because we have a crescent and star on the flag but Allah says:


And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allah Who created them, if you (really) worship Him. (Surah Fussilat 41:37)


So this verse is used to debunk the Christians that Muslims worship the moon

The Christians lie alot they even lie on Allah

They say Allah has a son but for Allah to have a son then he must have a wife



He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything. (Surah Al-An ‘am 6:101)


 The Christians even accuse Allah of committing suicide because they say Allah came down on the earth in the form of Jesus and died on the cross for their sins that’s the Christians ideology.

Their ideology is toxic and Allah dismissed them as the worst of created things.


Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (Surah Al-Bayyinah 98:6)


Shaikh was accused of spreading hatred because he gave the tafseer of surah Bayyinah in the UK.

Their (Christians) creed is polytheism.

So they say some Surahs are politically incorrect.

These Surahs are Surah Taubah, Surah Anfal, Surah Muhammad and Surah Bayyinah and they say if you teach the tafseer of these Surahs then you will turn kids to terrorist and that it spreads hatred

We the Muslims must not sink to the level of the Christians.

 The Christians say the Muslims worship the moon and the black stone.


Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, after he kissed the Black Stone: “I know that you are only a stone and that you can neither benefit nor harm. If I had not seen the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) kiss you, I would not have kissed you.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1520; Muslim, 1720).



They also say Isa is not Jesus.

Another lie they tell is that the Christians taught Muhammad (saw) his religion because of the meeting of the Prophet (saw) with Baheera the monk so if the Christians can lie on Allah then they can lie on anyone.


And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, while he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. (Surah Saff 61:7)


Whenever you invite them to Islam they become defensive so they use shirk to go against Tauheed.


And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, inviting them to Islamic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of them as do wrong, and say (to them): "We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; our Ilah (God) and your Ilah (God) is One (i.e. Allah), and to Him we have submitted (as Muslims)."(Surah Ankaboot 29:46)


Invite (mankind, O Muhammad SAW) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Quran) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided. (Surah An-Nahl 16:125)

The ayah 29:46 is similar to 16:125


Even though the worst kaffir to walk the face of the earth was pharaoh, Allah still told Musa to speak to him in a gentle manner.


"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allah." (Surah Taha 20:44)


We must speak or give dawah in a good way and not be insulting to them (disbelievers).


And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do. (Surah Al-An'aam 6:108)


The kaffirs don’t only insult the Prophet (saw) they also insult Allah.

They say the black stone in the Kabah is Allah or that Allah is the moon but we refute them with the ayah:


And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allah Who created them, if you (really) worship Him. (Surah Fussilat 41:37)



Athar is what the sahabahs said and did.

Israeliyyah is the writing of the Jews.

Our stance towards Israeliyyah is that we don’t believe them nor reject them,

If what they say coincides with Quran and Sunnah we accept, if it does not we reject.

Alot of the things found in the tafseer of ibn Kathir is Israeliyyah especially the history books


The Prophet got upset with Umar (r) for reading the Jewish scriptures

The best book is the book of Allah and the best guide is the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw).


`Umar -- Allah be well-pleased with him -- came to the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- and said: "We hear from the Jews narrations that impress us, do you think we should write down some of them?" The Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- replied: "Are you all going to fall into the same chaos (amutahawwikun) in which fell the Jews and Christians?

I brought it [the Religion] to you pristine and pure. If Musa were alive, he would have no alternative but to follow me!" Narrated from Jabir by al-Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-Iman (1:200) and mursal from al-Hassan by al-Khatib in al-Jami` li Akhlaq al-Rawi (1991 ed. 2:228 #1531=1983 ed. 2:161) with weak chains.

                                                                                                                (Notes by Muminah_29)