Wednesday, May 29, 2013

TAFSIR OF SURAH AL-ISRAA (WAS MUHAMMAD NOOR OR BASHAR)


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal Morning Dars: May 29, 2013

TAFSEER SURAH ISRAA - WAS MUHAMMAD NOOR (LIGHT) OR BASHAR (HUMAN BEING)

 

BY SHAIKH FAISAL
Morning Dars: 30 May 2013
(Notes typed by AT10)
(Edited by AT6)

 

WAS PROPHET MUHAMMAD A "NOOR" OR "BASHAR", AND IS IT TRUE THAT HE HAD NO SHADE, EVEN IN LIGHT?

 

Praise be to Allaah.

 

Our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the leader of all the sons of Adam, and he is a human being, one of the sons of Adam. He was born from two parents, he ate food and married women, he got hungry and fell sick, and he felt joy and sorrow. One of the clearest signs of his humanity is that Allaah caused him to die as He causes all souls to die, but what distinguishes the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from others is Prophethood and Revelation.

 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Say (O Muhammad): I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Ilaah (God) is One Ilaah (God ___ i.e. Allaah)” [al-Kahf 18:110]

 

The state of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in his humanity is the same as that of all the Prophets and Messengers. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“And We did not create them (the Messengers, with) bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortals” [al-Anbiya’ 21:8]

 

Allaah condemned those who wondered at the humanity of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“And they say: Why does this Messenger (Muhammad) eat food, and walk about in the markets (as we)…?” [al-Furqaan 25:8]

 

It is not permissible to overstep the mark with regard to what the Qur’aan states about the message and humanity of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). For example, it is not permissible to describe him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as being noor (light) or as casting no shadow, or to say that he was created from light.

Rather this is a kind of exaggeration which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade when he said: “Do not exaggerate about me as was exaggerated about ‘Eesa (Jesus) ibn Maryam. Say: the slave of Allaah and His Messenger.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6830.

 

Moreover it is proven that the angels are the ones who were created from light, not any of the sons of Adam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The angels were created from light, and Iblees was created from smokeless fire, and Adam (peace be upon him) was created from what has been described to you.” Narrated by Muslim, 2996.

 

Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (458):

 

This indicates that the well known hadeeth (report) that is in circulation among people – “The first thing that Allaah created was the light of your Prophet, O Jaabir” – is false, and so are other similar ahaadeeth (narrations) which say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was created from light. This hadeeth clearly indicates that the angels are the only ones who are created from light, not Adam and his sons, so pay heed and do not be negligent. End quote.

 

The Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas (religious verdicts)was asked the following question:

 

Here in Pakistan the scholars of the Bareilawi sect believe that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cast no shadow, which indicates that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was not human. Is this hadeeth saheeh (authentic) which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had no shadow?

 

They replied:

 

This view is false and goes against the texts of the Qur’aan and the saheeh Sunnah which indicate that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was human and did not differ in his human make-up from other people. He had a shadow like any other human. The Prophethood with which Allaah honoured him did not alter the fact that he was human as Allaah created him, with a father and mother.

 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Say (O Muhammad): I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Ilaah (God) is One Ilaah (God ___i.e. Allaah)” [al-Kahf 18:110]

 

“Their Messengers said to them: We are no more than human beings like you” [Ibraaheem 14:11]

 

With regard to the report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was created from the light of Allaah, this is a fabricated hadeeth. End quote.

 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/464

 

Narrated By 'Aisha: Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the Mosque, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon 'Aisha and went straight to Allah's Apostle who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet's face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice. As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you." Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, "Sit down, O 'Umar!" But 'Umar refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, "To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad , then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said: "Muhammad is no more than an Apostle, and indeed (many) apostles have passed away before him...(till the end of the Verse)... Allah will reward to those who are thankful." (3.144) By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this Verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and all the people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then). [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 5, Book 59, Hadith #733]

 

It was narrated that Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me the tashahhud with my hand between his hands, just as he taught me a soorah from the Qur’aan: “Al-tahiyyaatu Lillaahi wa’l-salawaatu wa’l-tayyibaat al-salaamu ‘alayka ayyuha’l-nabiyyu… (All compliments, prayers and good words are for Allaah, peace be upon you, O Prophet…).” (That was) when he was still among us. When he passed away, we started to say, “al-salaam ‘ala al-nabi (peace be upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)).” [Bukhari]

 

- All the hadith they brought to say Muhammad was noor were fabricated hadith, and the sufis like to quote fabricated hadith.

 

- It is proven that the angels were created from light.

- Muhammad came from parents; he was born from a womb.

- None of the sons of Adam were created from light.

 

Verily We created man of potter's clay of black mud altered, (15:26)

 

- You are not allowed to take your deen from the Goofy Sufi and the Shia,

- They have no shame; all they do is lie, lie, lie

- They lie as if to say that they do not believe in Allah and Judgement Day.

 

- The fabricated hadith:

 

“The first thing that Allaah created was the light of your Prophet, O Jaabir”

 

- The Prophet had a shadow like any other human.

 

- The prophet had two stones tied to his stomach.

 

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [at-Tirmidhi (4/585) No.2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No.9943]

 

- It did not make him any different because he was a prophet.

 

- The split between the Barelvis and the Deobandis:

- Barelvis say Muhammad was noor (light),

- Deobandis say Muhammad was bashar (human).

- Allah Said: 18:110

 

Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (Al-Kahf 18:110)

 

- This is the ayah (3:144) that Abu Bakr used to calm Umar down after the death of the prophet.

 

Muhammad (SAW) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful. (3:144)

 

- This is evidence against those who say that Muhammad was noor,

- Because he is still alive in his grave,

- and we are allowed to ask him for things, pray to him etc.

 

Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "Some of my companions will come to me at my Lake Fount, and after I recognize them, they will then be taken away from me, whereupon I will say, 'My companions!' Then it will be said, 'You do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you." (Bukhari, Muslim)

 

- Muhammad will ask about his companions,

- The angels will tell him, "You do not know what they did after you"

- Question: If Muhammad is alive in the grave and didn't lose his faculties, how is it that he doesn't know what the people did after him?

 

- They pray to Muhammad and beg him for what they want.

 

- This is the knockout punch for the grave worshippers:

- Fatir 35:14

 

If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the AllKnower (of each and everything). (35:14)

 

- There is a hadith which says that the dead can hear the salaam and the footsteps in the grave.

 

 ...“When a individual is placed in his grave and his companions return and he even hears their footsteps, two angels come to him, make him sit and ask: “What did you use to say regarding this man (i.e. Muhammad, SAW)? The believer will say: “I bear testimony that he is the servant and Messenger of Allah” It will be said to him: “Look at your place in the fire of Hell, Allah has changed instead of it a place for you in Paradise” So he will see both of his places...(Sahih al-Bukhari, no.1308 & Sahih Muslim, no. 2870)

 

- But Allah has blocked their hearing so that they cannot hear the dua / calls of the people.

 

- Al Israa 17:94

 

And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: "Has Allah sent a man as (His) Messenger?" (17:94)

 

- This ayah is of vital importance:

- They were surprised that Allah would send a man as a messenger.

 

- LESSONS WE LEARN FROM THIS AYAH:

 

-LESSON 1: - Kuffar will always search for a reason to disbelieve.

 

- They couldn't say that the character of the prophet was evil,

- They used to call him "al-amin".

- They couldn't say he seduced our wives and daughters,

- They couldn't say he sold us faulty goods,

- They couldn't use the character of Muhammad against him.

 

- Allah Said: Surah Ash-Sharh

 

Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him))? (94:1)

 

And removed from you your burden, (94:2)

 

Which weighed down your back? (94:3)

 

And raised high your fame? (94:4)

 

- The only argument they could use against Muhammad (saw) was that he was a man like them.

- You cannot use that as a weakness.

- You cannot use his race, colour etc., to assassinate his character,

- and you cannot use his physical make-up against him and as a reason to reject the truth.

 

They (people of the town) said: "You are only human beings like ourselves, and the Most Beneficent (Allah) has revealed nothing, you are only telling lies." (36:15)

 

- Allah Sent three messengers to the people of Antokia in Turkey,

- The people rejected all three messengers,

- The only reason they provided to reject the three messengers, was that they were human/ men like them.

 

- We brought this evidence forth to show that history repeats itself

 

- Kuffar speak with the same tongue,

- They are alike

 

- Whatever disability you have the people will use it against you.

- They look for every single weakness against you,

- when you are a torch bearer of the truth.

 

- When Musa went to Firawn, they used his speech impediment as an argument against him.

 

"Am I not better than this one [Musa (Moses)], who is Mahin [has no honour nor any respect, and is weak and despicable] and can scarcely express himself clearly? (Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:52)

 

- That is the modus operandi of the kuffar. To finish you off, assassinate your character, in any way they can.

 

- When you are a shaikh, you cannot just marry any woman:

- If there is a divorce she may turn on you and assassinate your character.

 

- The Sun newspaper laughed at Sheikh Abu Hamza Al Misri,

- They laughed about his disability, that he lost his hands (in Jihaad).

 

- We brought you the above ayah, (Az-Zukhruf 43:52): Then we told you about the Sun newspaper.

- This is proof that history repeats itself,

- The kuffar are alike.

- Allah Said: Al Baqarah 2:118

 

...Their hearts are alike... (Surah Baqarah 2:118)

 

- They give challenges to try to prove that a prophet is fake:

 

- They wanted a river,..

 

- The Arabs gave the prophet Saleh a challenge,

- When the she-camel came out of the rock, they killed the she-camel.

 

- Firawn said to Musa: 

 

And when the punishment fell on them they said: "O Musa (Moses)! Invoke your Lord for us because of His Promise to you. If you will remove the punishment from us, we indeed shall believe in you, and we shall let the Children of Israel go with you." (7:134)

 

- This means that you The Firawn believe in God.

- If you didn't believe then why did you ask Musa to pray to his Lord.

 

But when We removed the punishment from them to a fixed term, which they had to reach, behold! They broke their word! (7:135)

 

- You acknowledged the existence of Allah.

- Firawn acknowledged the existence of Allah.

- The punishment that is mentioned here:

- Is the flood.

 

- They did not do what they promised to do.

- Obama promised to close GITMO before his election as president, but he still didn't close it.

 

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (29:65)

 

- We can bring you many verses in the Quran where Allah mentioned that the kuffar broke their promises

- 23:99-100

 

Until, when death comes to one of them (those who join partners with Allah), he says: "My Lord! Send me back, (23:99)

 

"So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!" No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected. (23:100)

 

- Sins are very addictive.

- George Best: They gave him a new liver, he promised to give up alcohol. He went ahead and drank himself to death.

- There is a pleasure centre in the brain; this gets addicted to sins.

- There is a pleasure centre in the brain; this is why you get addicted to sins.

- The people of Sodom and Gomorrah couldn't give up homosexuality, they were addicted to it.

 

- 17:95

 

Say: "If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger." (17:95)

 

- This is common sense.

- Allah gave the reason why he didn't send an angel as a messenger:

- His servants on earth are humans, so he sent a man as a messenger.

 

- But if there were angels on earth, Allah would have sent an angel.

- If Allah had sent an angel as a messenger, man would use it as an argument against Allah on the day of Judgement.

- Man would say: We couldn't fast in Ramadhan, it was too difficult, but the angels were able to do so.

- They were angels, and they were strong.

- I am a man and weak, I could not practice Islam like them.

 

- Allah Is The All-Wise.

 

Abu Talhah (RA) narrated: We complained to Allah’s Messenger (SAW) about our hunger and raising from our stomach (the garment) bared the stone each of us had tied to it. He showed that he had two stones (tied to his stomach.) [at-Tirmidhi (4/585) No.2371, Bayhaqi in ‘Shu'ab al Emaan’ (13/54) No.9943]

 

- The prophet suffered just like you:

 

Narrated By Anas bin Malik: We went with Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah's Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later we entered Abu Saif's house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf said, "O Allah's Apostle, even you are weeping!" He said, "O Ibn 'Auf, this is mercy." Then he wept more and said, "The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are grieved by your separation." [Sahih Bukhari (2/83) No.1303]

 

- He suffered disappointments just like you.

- He cried when his son died.

- He loved his son. (Just like you).

- The mentality of man is that he is always looking for a way out. (way to escape).

- Allah pre-empted you by sending a human messenger.

 

Say: "Sufficient is Allah for a witness between me and you. Verily! He is the All-Knower, the All-Seer of His slaves." (17:96)

 

- The Tafseer is:

- Allah is going to make His religion become victorious in front of Muhammad’s eyes, before he dies.

 

- Allah Said:

 

And those who disbelieve, say: "You (O Muhammad SAW) are not a Messenger." Say: "Sufficient for a witness between me and you is Allah and those too who have knowledge of the Scripture (such as 'Abdullah bin Salam and other Jews and Christians who embraced Islam)." (13:43)

 

- These ayat are similar.

 

- The Jews knew Muhammad was the messenger of Allah.

- And Allah was a witness to that.

 

He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), that He may make it (Islam) superior over all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness. (48:28)

 

- Allah Is Sufficient as a Witness:

 

And say: "Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Quran or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism, etc.) has vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish." (17:81)

 

- I (Allah) Will Make the religion of Muhammad the (one and only) victorious religion in the world.

- Because Allah Said: And say: "Truth has come and Batil has vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish." (Al Isra 17:81)

 

- The enemies of Allah are spending their money to fight Islam,

- 8:36

 

Verily, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish for them. Then they will be overcomed. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto Hell. (8:36)

 

- Islam is the fastest growing religion!..

- They are going to become bankrupt and confined to the dustbin of history.

 

AYAH 97

 

And he whom Allah guides, he is led aright; but he whom He sends astray for such you will find no Auliya' (helpers and protectors, etc.), besides Him, and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf, their abode will be Hell; whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire. (17:97)

 

- Tafseer:

 

- Guidance is from Allah,

- It is in The Hands Of Allah.

- Allah is Al-Hadee = The One Who Guides

 

Verily! You (O Muhammad SAW) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided. (28:56)

 

- Your job is to give the message.

 

"And our duty is only to convey plainly (the Message)." (36:17)

 

- It is Allah Who Guides.

- So Allah Said: Whomsoever He Guides, no one can misguide.

- Allah guides the sincere, those who seek the truth.

- Allah does not guide the arrogant.

- Allah Said: Whomsoever Allah leads astray, none can guide him.

- Allah does not guide the arrogant/ proud.

- Like: Nimrod, Firawn and Abu Jahl.

- Allah guides those who are humble and sincere.

 

- The jabriyyah ask: How can Allah punish a man with the hell-fire, when it was He, Allah, who sealed the heart of the man.

- The Jabriyyah is the fatalist, he blames Qadr for his own sins.

- They quote 2:7 as their evidence.

 

Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearings, (i.e. they are closed from accepting Allah's Guidance), and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment. (2:7)

 

- We say to the Jabriyyah, Allah told us in the Quran that when they rebelled against the message, then He sealed their hearts

 

...So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path)...(61:5)

 

 - Allah Said:

 

.... and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces ..... (17:97)

 

- That is humiliation.

- The reason for this is that when they were in the dunya they were proud and arrogant.

- They try to insult the believers; they pour scorn on Allah and His Deen.

- So Allah will humiliate them on the day of Judgement.

 

- They use cartoons/movies/books to insult Allah and His Rasool.

 

 .... blind, dumb and deaf,..... (17:97)

 

- They were deaf dumb and blind in the dunya

- They use these faculties to spread mischief in the land.

- They did not listen nor speak the haqq.

 

- The way you treated Allah in the dunya, Allah will treat you the same way in the akhirah.

- Allah is Al Muntaqim = The Avenger

- The One Who Is Severe In Taking Revenge.

 

So think not that Allah will fail to keep His Promise to His Messengers. Certainly, Allah is All-Mighty, - All-Able of Retribution. (Ibrahim 14:47)