Wednesday, June 19, 2013

TAFSIR OF SURAH AS-SAFFAT (THE ELEVEN SHADES OF KUFR)


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal Morning Dars: June 19, 2013
 

TAFSEER SURAH SAFFAAT - THE ELEVEN SHADES OF KUFR

 

By Sheikh Faisal

 

June 19 2013 (Wed) Morning Dars

Notes By AT6 Edited By Jamillah Mujahidah & Abu Hafiza 4

 

The last time we were here we stopped at ayah 11.

 

 Then ask them (i.e. these polytheists, O Muhammad SAW): "Are they stronger as creation, or those (others like the heavens and the earth and the mountains, etc.) whom We have created?" Verily, We created them of sticky clay. (As-Saffat 37:11)

 

 They are trying to ask how it is possible to be given life again after they have disintegrated into dried bones.

 

This is what they were asking the Prophet.

 

They were trying to ask how this is possible.

 

 This is a ridiculous question because you are trying to put limits on the powers of Allah.

 

Your question is ludicrous and ridiculous.

 

 On many occasions Allah said that the kaafirs did not give Him His due respect.

 

They (the Jews, Quraish pagans, idolaters, etc.) did not estimate Allah with an estimation due to Him when they said: "Nothing did Allah send down to any human being (by inspiration)." Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "Who then sent down the Book which Musa (Moses) brought, a light and a guidance to mankind which you (the Jews) have made into (separate) paper sheets, disclosing (some of it) and concealing (much). And you (believers in Allah and His Messenger Muhammad SAW), were taught (through the Qur'an) that which neither you nor your fathers knew." Say: "Allah (sent it down)." Then leave them to play in their vain discussions. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol.7, Page 37). (Al-An'am 6:91)

 

 By you asking such a question, it proves that you are trying to put a limit on the Powers of Allah.

 

 Allah told the Prophet to ask them a question.

 

The question was-

 

 Allah said it is easier to create you than the mighty creations of Allah such as the heavens, the earth and the mountains.

 

 It is easier to create man.

 

Verily, We created them of a sticky clay. The creation of the heavens and the earth is indeed greater than the creation of mankind, yet most of mankind knows not. (Ghafir 40:57)

 

For you to ask how you can become a new creation after your disintegration, you are seeking to put a limit on Allah's Powers.

 

 Allah created you from hama (black mud altered).

 

Allah said the mud He used to create you is sticky.

Verily We created man of potter's clay of black mud altered, [Al Hijr 15:26] [Pickthall]

 

 If we were created from black mud altered, why do we also have yellow, brown, white and red people?

 

The answer to the question is that when Allah told the angel to collect the mud, the angel collected mud of different colors.

 

 People have different complexions.

 

 These complexions have the same feelings and they have the same diseases of the heart.

 

 It is not just the white man who insults Muhammad.

 

 A Somali woman tours the world and insults Muhammad.

 

It doesn't matter what complexion people are of; we only have one race which is the human race.

 

 We have different tribes but one race, the human race.

 

The better of you in the sight of Allah is the believer who is most righteous.

 

 Allah didn't say in the ayah that he made you into different races; Allah said he made you into nations and tribes.

 

This is because there is only one race which is the human race.

 

Everyone would like to say they are better than their neighbor because they think they are of a superior race.

 

 However Allah told you that the better of you is the believer who is most righteous.

                                                                                                                                                           

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2). Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Al-Hujurat 49:13)

So don't follow the ideology of Hitler who believed he was of a superior race.

 

Hitler and the shaitaan were of the same ideology.

 

AYAH 37:12

 

Nay, you (O Muhammad SAW) wondered (at their insolence) while they mock (at you and at the Qur'an). (As-Saffat 37:12)

 

Allah said they ridicule the Quran and they ridicule you.

 

They mock the Quran and the mock you too.

 

 The word insolence means to be cheeky.

 

 To mock at the Quran and to mock Muhammad is major kufr which takes you out of the fold of Islam.

 

 This makes you become an infidel.

 

Allah told you this in surah 9:65-66.

 

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allah, and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?" (At-Tawbah 9:65)

 

 Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.). (At-Tawbah 9:66)

 

 Into this ayah Allah is making takfeer on people who mock the Quran, the prophet or even worse which is to mock Allah.

 

 If you are an author of a book and people mock the book, you would feel offended.

 

 Allah is the author of the Quran.

 

The Quran is kalaamullah.

 

 So when the kuffar mock the Quran they are actually mocking Allah.

 

 We can't even point our feet towards the Quran or put another book on top of the Quran.

 

If you say the Quran contains discrepancies, you are saying that Allah contradicts Himself.

 

 THE 11 SHADES OF KUFR

 

1) KUFR INKAAR

 

 This is to deny the haq

  

 2) THE KURF OF DOUBT

 

 If you doubt that Islam is the truth you are a kaafir.

 

 If you doubt the Prophet Muhammad, the Quran, paradise or hellfire you are a kaafir.

 

 One of the seven conditions of shahada is yaqeen (certainty).

 

 you’re not allowed to doubt any aspects of Islam especially one of the pillars of Islam.

 

You are not allowed to doubt an aspect of Islam especially one of the six pillars of Islam.

 

 In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. (Al-Baqarah 2:10)

 

 3) KURF I'RAAD

 

 Kufr i'raad means the kufr of turning away from the message.

 

Allah spoke about those who practice i'raad in surah 20:124-126.

 

 "But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur'an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection." (Ta-Ha 20:124)

 

 He will say:"O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight (before)." (Ta-Ha 20:125)

 

 (Allah) will say: "Like this, Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) came unto you, but you disregarded them (i.e. you left them, did not think deeply in them, and you turned away from them), and so this Day, you will be neglected (in the Hell-fire, away from Allah's Mercy)." (Ta-Ha 20:126)

 

 4) Kufr ISTIKBAAR

 

That is the kufr of pride and arrogance.

 

 To be proud and arrogant and refuse to surrender to the hujjah because of it.

 

 Allah spoke about proud and arrogance in surah 2:34.

 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam.". And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). (Al-Baqarah 2:34)

 

 Only Allah is allowed to be proud; you are not allowed to be proud.

 

 As long as you go to the loo you can't be proud.

 

 5) KUFR ISTIHLAAL

 

 Istihlaal is to make what is haram halal.

 

 If a Muslim leader drinks alcohol, he is not a kaafir but if he allows factories to be opened up in the country producing alcohol, he is a kaafir.

 

 Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H): “Whenever a person makes halal what is haram by consensus or makes haram what is halal by consensus or replaces the Shari’ah that is agreed upon by consensus, then he is a Kaffir by the agreement of the scholars of Fiqh.” – “Al-Fataawa”, Vol. 3/267

 

6) NIFAAQ

 

Nifaaq is to say you believe in Islam but in your heart you don't believe.

 

 A person pretends to be a Muslim when he is sent to spy on Muslims.

 

It is easy to recognize a spy.

 

He wasn't taught to make wudu properly.

 

He puts his left hand over his right hand when he prays.

 

 Another reason why a person pretends to be a Muslim is because he wants to marry a Muslim girl. Hindu men do this a lot.

 

They pretend to be Muslims in order to marry pretty Muslim girls.

 

This is the modus operandi of a hindu.

 

The third reason a person pretends to be a Muslim is because he wants to benefit from the wealth of the Muslims.

 

 If he is living in a community where the Muslims have shops and businesses, he pretends to be a Muslim because he wants to live off hand offs from the Muslims.

 

 You have to pay him to be a Muslim.

 

In the time of the Prophet the same thing happened.

 

 Some people took shahada and they became poor. They came to Muhammad and they asked him to feed them.

 

 The bedouins say: "We believe." Say: "You believe not but you only say, 'We have surrendered (in Islam),' for Faith has not yet entered your hearts. But if you obey Allah and His Messenger (SAW), He will not decrease anything in reward for your deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Al-Hujurat 49:14)

 

Imaan had not yet entered the hearts of these people.

 

Any society in which you have poor kaafirs and rich Muslims, some kaafirs pretend to believe because they want to be fed by the Muslims.

 

 They are using Islam to secure handouts from the Muslims.

 

7) KUFR ISTIHZAA

 

This is the kufr of mocking Allah, the Rasool or the deen.

 

Allah spoke about this kufr in surah 9:65-66.

 

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allah, and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?" (At-Tawbah 9:65)

 

 Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.). (At-Tawbah 9:66)

 

 Not only do the infidels mock the message, but they mock Muhammad as well.

 

The whole purpose of mocking the message is for people not to follow it.

 

In the world we have two hizbs: hizb Allah and hizb Shaitaan.

 

 The battle between truth and falsehood is a never ending battle.

 

 Allah spoke about them mocking the deen again in surah 37:12-15.

 

 Nay, you (O Muhammad SAW) wondered (at their insolence) while they mock (at you and at the Qur'an). (As-Saffat 37:12)

 

 And when they are reminded, they pay no attention. (As-Saffat 37:13)

 

And when they see an Ayah (a sign, a proof, or an evidence) from Allah, they mock at it. (As-Saffat 37:14)

 

 And they say: "This is nothing but evident magic! (As-Saffat 37:15)

 Whenever you are the torch bearer of the truth, the kaafirs try to assassinate your character so that people will turn away from you.

 

The kaafirs try to find discrepancies in the message for people to reject the message.

 

This is what they did in the time of the Prophet.

 

 Because history repeats itself, expect to find many websites ridiculing the Prophet and seeking to find contradictions in the Holy Quran.

 

 The kaafirs are desperate because Islam is the fasting growing religion in the world today and it is a threat to their satanic lifestyle.

 

8) KUFR OF DISOBEDIENCE

 

 Allah spoke about the kufr of disobedience in surah 18:50.

 

And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). (Al-Kahf 18:50)

 

 This is an example of the kufr of disobedience.

 

 Disobeying Allah can be kufr.

 

 Another example of the kufr of disobedience:

 

 This example was given by the Prophet himself.

 

 The Prophet recited surah 9:31.

 

They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) to worship none but One Ilah (God - Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)[]. Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)." (At-Tawbah 9:31)

 

 There is no obedience to the creation when you are disobeying Allah.

 

 The Prophet gave the tafseer of this ayah to Adee ibn Haatim.

 

 The Prophet asked don't they (the priest and rabbis) make halal haram and haraam halaal.

 

 Adee ibn Hateem replied yes and the Prophet said that this is how they worshipped their priests and rabbis.

 

9) KUFR OF LYING

 

 This is to lie on Allah, His Rasool or the Quran.

 

 This is major kufr which takes you out the fold of Islam.

 

 If you lie about your age or how much money you have in your bank account, you are not a kaafir.

 

 If you deliberately fabricate a hadith to use it to promote a false ideology, you become a kaafir.

 

 This is the modus operandi of a goofy Sufi or a shady shiite.

 

They deliberately fabricate hadiths to spread their dodgy ideology among unsuspecting Muslims.

 

 Narrated By Anas: The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of Hadiths to you is that the Prophet said: "Whoever tells a lie against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire." [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith #108]

 

Will the man be in the hellfire forever or will he be taken out?

 

  Abdullah al Hakami said if you quote a fabricated hadith unknowingly you are not a kaafir.

 

 The person who deliberately fabricates a hadith to spread his ideology among unsuspecting Muslims is a kaafir and he will be in the hellfire forever.

 

 This person is guilty of lying on the Rasool.

 

 When he lied on the Rasool, he is guilty of lying on Allah.

 

  And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, while he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. (As-Saff 61:7)

 

 This is the modus operandi of Shiites and Sufis.

 

You can't read their books because they have fabricated hadiths in them.

 

 They like to lie on Allah and His Rasool.

 

 10) KUFR ISTIBDAAL

 

This is to replace the sharia with manmade laws.

 

The Arabic word istibdaal means to replace.

 

so if someone replace the shariah with manmade laws, exchange the shariah he is a kafir by the ijamaah of the scholars of fiqh

 

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said: “And it is known from the religion (of Islam) by necessity and by the consensus of all Muslims that whoever legalizes to follow other than the religion of Islam or a Shariah other than the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW), he is a Kaafir. And his kufr is similar to that of the one who believes in some part of the book (Quran) and reject some of it.” [Majmua al-Fataawa (28/524)]

 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H):  “Whenever a person makes halal what is haraam by consensus or makes haraam what is halal by consensus or replaces the Sharee’ah that is agreed upon by consensus, then he is a Kaffir by the agreement of the scholars of Fiqh.” – “Al-Fataawa”, Vol. 3/267

 

  Ibn Kathir (rh) said: “So Whosoever abandons the wise Shariah which was revealed upon Muhammad ibn Abdullah, the seal of the prophets, and goes to other abrogated Shariah for judgment, he becomes a Kaafir. So how about the one who goes to al-Yaasiq (man-made law) for judgment and gives it precedence (over the Shariah of Muhammad (SAW). Whosoever does this has become a Kaafir by the Ijma of the Muslims.” [Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, (Vol. 13,p119)]

 

 Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Baaz said: "There is no Eeman for the one who believes the laws of the people and their opinions are superior to the Hukm of Allah and His Messenger or that they are equal to it or that they resemble it or who leaves it or replaces it with fabricated laws and institutions invented by people, even if he believes that the laws of Allah are more encompassing and more just." [Wujoob Tah'keem Shari'ah Allah' (pg. 16-17)]

 

 When the saudi salafis try to debate you, use the fatwa of bin baaz to prove to them that they are hypocrites.

 

 Use their own sheikh against them.

 

They are like the Christians who eat pork even though the Bible says not to eat pork.

 

11) KUFR OF DABBLING IN BLACK MAGIC

 

 Allah sent two angels to Babylon.

 

They were teaching people knowledge that could be used for good or bad.

 

The evidence for this is surah 2:102.

 They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew. (Al-Baqarah 2:102)

 

They were teaching people knowledge that could be used for good or bad.

 

 The angels were sent as a test and they warned the people not to become kuffar by misappropriating the knowledge.

 

Even though the angels warned them, they didn't take heed.

 

They used the knowledge to break up man from wife.

 

 This ayah (2:102) is used by the four great Imaams to prove that dabbling in black magic makes a person a kaafir.

 

If you go to a soothsayer and didn't believe in him, you are a faasiq (sinner)

If you believe in the soothsayer you become a kaafir.

 

The angels were sent as a test and they warned the people not to become kuffar by misappropriating the knowledge.

 

AYAH 13:

 

And when they are reminded, they pay no attention. (As-Saffat 37:13)

 

The kufr which is mentioned in the above ayah is the kufr of i'raad (the kufr of turning away).

 

AYAH 14:

 

And when they see an Ayah (a sign, a proof, or an evidence) from Allah, they mock at it. (As-Saffat 37:14)

 

The kufr which is mentioned in ayah 14 is the kufr of ridiculing the signs and deen of Allah.

 

-This is called KUFR ISTIHZAA.

 

AYAH 15:

 

And they say: "This is nothing but evident magic! (As-Saffat 37:15)

 

When they say this is magic, they are lying.

 

The kufr they are practicing is the kufr of lying.

 

They are calling the hujjah lies.

 

AYAH 16:

 

"When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we (then) verily be resurrected? (As-Saffat 37:16)

 

They are trying to deny recreation after disintegration.

 

Because the kaafirs are evil personified they can't afford to believe in the Day of Resurrection.

 

It will give them mental depression to believe in the Day of Resurrection and the hellfire.

 

They comfort themselves by giving themselves false hope by denying the day of resurrection.

 

 They say it is all a myth.

 

The kuffar themselves admit they will be sure losers if there is a day called judgment day.

 

They say: "Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life? (An-Nazi'at 79:10)

 

"Even after we are crumbled bones?" (An-Nazi'at 79:11)

 

They say: "It would in that case, be a return with loss!" (An-Nazi'at 79:12)

They even cheat on their wives with men.

 

They molest their own daughter.

 

 They even dabble in black magic.

 

They eat every haraam and drink every haraam.

 

When they were in the dunya, they were not righteous.

 

 So they say that if there is a day called judgment day they will be sure losers.

 

 They were not righteous; they were human devils.

 

 It is in George Bush, Blair, and Ariel Sharon's interest to deny Judgment Day.

 

 They were human devils and they were evil personified.

 

 To believe in Judgment Day will cause them to live a life of mental depression.

 

 Because they are nothing but human devils who belong to the hellfire to abide therein forever.

 

"And also our fathers of old?" (As-Saffat 37:17)

 

Why are you asking about your fathers of old?

 

 If you will be resurrected, why will your fathers be exempted of being resurrected?

 

This is yet another ridiculous question coming from the kuffaar.

 

Why are you asking about your fathers of old?

 

 If you will be resurrected, why will your fathers be exempted of being resurrected?

 

 This is yet another ridiculous question coming from the kuffaar.

 

 The British media asked Tony Blair how many illegal immigrants there are in the UK.

 

Tony Blair said he didn't know.

 

 This is a ridiculous question.

 

 No government in the world knows how many illegal immigrants there are in their country.

 

This is another example of kuffaar asking ridiculous questions.

 

 Wisdom begins with the fear of Allah.

 

Sufyan Ath-Thawri from Abdur Rahman Bin Abbas said Ayas Abu Yahya related to me from Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA) he used to say in his sermon the best provision is piety and the peak of wisdom is to fear Allah. [Bayhaqi in Sha'ab al Imaan (1/470) and Sunan al-Kubra]

 

 Say (O Muhammad SAW) : "Yes, and you shall then be humiliated." (As-Saffat 37:18)

 

The tafseer of this ayah is that you will be resurrected blind and crawling on your face.

 

The evidence for this is surah 25:34.

 

 Those who will be gathered to Hell (prone) on their faces, such will be in an evil state, and most astray from the (Straight) Path. (Al-Furqan 25:34)

 

 A man asked the Prophet how they will crawl on their face.

 

 "But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur'an nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection." (Ta-Ha 20:124)

 

The Prophet (saw) said that Allah who has the power to make them walk on their feet in the dunya has the power to make them crawl on their face in the akhira.

 

This is the humiliation Allah is talking about.