Wednesday, June 26, 2013

TAFSIR OF SURAH AS-SAFFAT (THE FRUITS OF THE QURAN)


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal Morning Dars: June 24, 2013


TAFSEER SURAH SAFFAAT - THE FRUITS OF THE QUR’AN


By Shaykh Abdullah Faisal

(Morning) June 24th 2013


Notes: Fatima_38

Edit: Jamillah Mujahidah, Abu Hafiza 4

The trumpet shall be blown into three times on Judgment Day.



The 1st blowing is called raajifah.



The 2nd blowing is called raadifah.



The 3rd and final blowing is called zajrah.



Purpose of each blow:

1st blowing is to cause shock and awe.



2nd blowing will cause people to die.

- Even the angels will die.

- Because of this Allah said in surah 55:26-27.



-Allah took the soul of the angel who blows into the trumpet.



Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. (Ar-Rahman 55:26)

Allah will give him his soul back to blow into the trumpet for the third time.



And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will abide forever. (Ar-Rahman 55:27)

3rd blowing of the trumpet takes place everyone will be resurrected and they will be in groups.

- People will be grouped according to the religion they followed.

- Muslims will be with Muslims; Christians will be with Christians, etc.



That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. (Az-Zalzalah 99:6)


AYAH 28:




They will say: "It was you who used to come to us from the right side [i.e. from the right side of one of us and beautify for us every evil, order us for polytheism, and stop us from the truth i.e. Islamic Monotheism and from every good deed]." (As-Saffat 37:28)

-This ayah is of particular importance

-because this is the plight of some people in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.



-They follow people who tell them to worship the graves.

-Praying to the graves has been beautified for them so they left monotheism.

-The reason why they beautify polytheism is because shirk is money.



-They collect money to build monuments.

-The money can be raised in a month but they collect money for a year.

-They collect money for the refurbishment of the monument.

-They tell you to buy drapes for the monuments so that the person in the grave intercedes for you.



-The Sufi masters use shirks to make money.

-They encourage you to build monument,

-make pilgrimages to them and when you visit the graves

-they tell you to donate to it.

-Shirk is a money spinner.



-The people will blame the leaders for beautifying shirks for them.

-You don't want tawheed because shirk is money.

-The people who beautify shirk for them; you yourselves were not sincere believers.

- If you were a sincere Muslim, why were you led astray by a Sufi, a Barelvi of a Shia?

-You fell into the web of the person who beautified shirk.



 

AYAH 29:




They will reply: "Nay, you yourselves were not believers. (As-Saffat 37:29)

-We know the man is speaking the truth because the Prophet said:

- If Allah wants 'good' for you, He gives you the proper understanding of the deen.

- If you were sincere, you would not have followed the Sufi, Barelvi or Shia version of Islam.

- A person who is a jaahil with no taqwa is a munafiq because the Prophet said:



Narrated Muawiya: I heard the Prophet (SAW) saying, "If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember) that this nation (true Muslims) will keep on following Allah's teachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any one going on a different path till Allah's order (Day of Judgment) is established." [Al-Bukhari (71) and Muslim (1037)]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: "Two characteristics cannot combine in a hypocrite: good character and an understanding of religion." [Sunan Tirmidhi (5/49) No. 2684, al-Thiqat Ibn Hibban (8/227) No. 13149, al-Mu’jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (8/75) No. 8010, al-Madkhal ila al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (pg. 256) No. 357]


AYAH 30:




And we had no authority over you. Nay! But you were transgressing people (disobedient,

polytheists and disbelievers). (As-Saffat 37:30)

The shaitaan will repeat these same words on Judgment Day.



The evidence for this is Surah 14:22.




And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)." (Ibrahim 14:22)

he shaitaan will say he rejected faith in the kufr you were practicing when you worshipped him.

Even the shaitaan will wash his hands off those who worship him.



-The shaitaan is saying that when you followed him you worshipped him.

-If you disobey the creator to obey the creation

-you are worshipping the creation.

-the shaitaan is saying that he only tempted you

-because you gave in to your temptations, he led you like a lamb to his slaughter.



-People who tell you to worship the Prophet and the graves will say it is your fault you followed them.

-the grave is an idol that people worship.

-they led you astray because you yourselves were astray.

-They had no knowledge of tauheed, so how do you expect them to teach you tauheed?



AYAH 31:




So now the Word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall certainly (have to) taste (the torment). (As-Saffat 37:31)


They led you astray because you yourselves were astray.



AYAH 32:




So we led you astray because we were ourselves astray." (As-Saffat 37:32)


AYAH 33:




Then verily, that Day, they will (all) share in the torment. (As-Saffat 37:33)


This ayah is similar to surah 2:166-167.




When those who were followed, disown (declare themselves innocent of) those who followed (them), and they see the torment, then all their relations will be cut off from them. (Al-Baqarah 2:166)



And those who followed will say: "If only we had one more chance to return (to the worldly life), we would disown (declare ourselves as innocent from) them as they have disowned (declared themselves as innocent from) us." Thus Allah will show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the Fire.



(Al-Baqarah 2:167)


On Judgment Day, those who were followed will wash their hands off their followers.



-hey will wish they could have one more chance to return to the dunya,

-so they could disown their sheikhs.



-They leaders and the followers will turn on each other on Judgment Day.

-Another reality of Judgment Day is that everyone

-will become enemies at each other’s throats on Judgment Day

-except the pious ones



Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except Al-Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2). (Az-Zukhruf 43:67)

-Another reality of Judgment Day is that a man will run away from his mother,

-his father, his wives and his kids.

-on Judgment Day, there will be no family ties.

-You are going to say: "myself, myself"

-You won't give your good deeds to anyone

-because the only currency Allah ‘taala will accept from you on Judgment Day

-is your pious deeds.



-You will guard your good deeds fiercely.

-Allah told you that you and your sheikh will share the torment so why do you blind follow your sheikh.

-Who told you that Allah will let you off for blind following your sheikh?

-Who told you that Allah will let you off for blind following your sheikh who is a wicked scholar?



AYAH 34




Certainly, that is how We deal with Al Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, the disobedient to Allah, etc.).



(As-Saffat 37:34)

-The mujrimun that Allah is speaking about in this ayah

-are those who dabble in kufr, shirk and zandaqa.

-the Arabic word zandaqa means heresy.

-any aqeedah that doesn't coincide or agree with Quran and sunnah is zandaqa.



AYAH 35:




Truly, when it was said to them: La ilaha ill-Allah "(none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)," they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it).



(As-Saffat 37:35)


-The pride which is made mentions of in this ayah is the pride of jahiliyyah.

-Some people hang on to their false religion in the name of pride.

-Some football teams are losing 5-0 but they are still playing; they are playing for pride.

-Some people are following a false religion like Judaism and Christianity in the name of pride.



Allah spoke about these people in surah 48:26.




When those who disbelieve had put in their hearts pride and haughtiness the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance, then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) upon His Messenger (SAW) and upon the believers, and made them stick to the word of piety (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.



(Al-Fath 48:26)


Allah said ‘hammiyyatal jaahilia’ which is the ‘pride and arrogance of jaahilia.’



-Allah is speaking about when Quraish stopped the Muslims

-from entering Makkah to perform umrah.

-nothing caused them to prevent the Muslims from performing umrah

-except the pride and arrogance of jaahilia



In the Bible, it says: Matthew 19:17




And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.



[Mathew 19:17]


-You use the bible to checkmate him but he still hangs on to his religion

-because of the pride and arrogance of jaahilia.

-Even though the truth stands out clear from falsehood,

-people hang on to their religion because of the pride and arrogance of jaahilia.

-Jesus didn't allow people to call him good, so how can you call him God?



-The reason why they deny the kalima is

-because they are addicted to their evil and corrupted desires.

-It is too difficult for them to embrace Islam.

-They complain Islam is too restrictive.

-They drink, gamble and have three girlfriends.

-This is the excuse they give you when you invite them to Islam.

-Some of these mushrikeen are bisexuals.

-Some of them are on crack cocaine.



In Quran Allah say in surah 42 verses 13




He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islam) which He ordained for Nuh (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad SAW), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses) and 'Iesa (Jesus) saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikun, is that to which you (O Muhammad SAW) call them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience. (Ash-Shura 42:13)




-Because of this, Allah said it is difficult for them to practice Islam.

-Born Muslims find it difficult to practice Islam.

-To embrace Islam and live according to it is a huge task for them;

-it is like asking a 70 year old man to climb mount Everest.

-If born Muslims find it difficult to stick to the rules,

-how can you expect a kaafir coming out of jaahilia to stick to the rules.



AYAH 36:




And (they) said: "Are we going to abandon our aliha (gods) for the sake of a mad poet? (As-Saffat 37:36)

-How can you call the Prophet a madman?

-how do you checkmate them?

-You, the kuffaar of Quraish,

-when you had expensive items,

-didn't you bring them to Muhammad for safe keeping?



-How can you trust a madman with precious items for safekeeping?

-This doesn't make sense.

-You are calling Muhammad a madman

-but you trust him with your precious items for safekeeping.

-When the Prophet was reciting the Quran at night,

-you were captivated by the recitation and you gathered to listen to it.



-For a madman to cause you to abandon the comfort of your bed

-to listen to his recitation, something doesn't add up.

-Either Muhammad (saw) is a madman or you the kaafir are a liar.

-The truth is that you the kaafir are a liar.

-Why did they hang on to their idols?


-Some people use religion for money.

-Because they can't sell Allah, they say are we going to abandon

-our gods for the sake of a mad poet?



What lesson do you learn from this ayah?



AYAH 36:




And (they) said: "Are we going to abandon our aliha (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?



(As-Saffat 37:36)

-The lesson is that the kuffaar use character assassination to attack the truth.

-They attack the torchbearer.

-If that doesn't work they kill you physically.

-To call Muhammad a mad poet is called propaganda warfare.

-Today BBC, Fox news and CNN are launching propaganda warfare against Muslims.



-They are spreading Islamaphobia.

-The skin heads killed the baby in the stomach of a Muslim woman in France.

- Muslims need to make hijra from these countries because the white kaafir is the devil.

-The white kaafir will go down in history as the only man to use cartoons to attack Muhammad.

-Not even the Hindus in India did something like that.



AYAH 37:




Nay! he (Muhammad SAW) has come with the truth (i.e. Allah's Religion - Islamic Monotheism and this Qur'an) and he confirms the Messengers (before him who brought Allah's religion - Islamic Monotheism).



(As-Saffat 37:37)

-The message of all the prophet is the same and that was monotheism but their fiqh was different.

-Tauheed cannot be changed but fiqh can change.

-Abrogation cannot take place in tauheed;

-abrogation only takes place in fiqh.



AYAH 38:




Verily, you (pagans of Makkah) are going to taste the painful torment;



(As-Saffat 37:38)

AYAH 39:




And you will be requited nothing except for what you used to do (evil deeds, sins, and Allah's disobedience which you used to do in this world);



(As-Saffat 37:39)


Allah is saying you shall reap what you soul




Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned.



(Al-Baqarah 2:286)

AYAH 39:




And you will be requited nothing except for what you used to do (evil deeds, sins, and Allah's disobedience which you used to do in this world);



(As-Saffat 37:39)

AYAH 40:




Save the chosen slaves of Allah (faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic Monotheism).



(As-Saffat 37:40)

When you read this ayah, surah 103 comes to mind.



By Al-'Asr (the time). (Al-'Asr 103:1)

Verily! Man is in loss, (Al-'Asr 103:2)
Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma'ruf)which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar)which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah's Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.).



(Al-'Asr 103:3)


AYAH 41:




For them there will be a known provision (in Paradise).



(As-Saffat 37:41)


 
The known provision they will have is paradise.




For them there will be a known provision (in Paradise).



(As-Saffat 37:41)


When you go to paradise you will get everything you want.



The evidence for this is surah 50:35.



There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic).



(Qaf 50:35)

We have something extra too; to look at the Face of Allah, it is called mazeed (extra).



What are the fruits of paradise?



1) GRAPES



Verily, for the Muttaqun, there will be a success (Paradise); (An-Naba 78:31)



Gardens and graveyards; (An-Naba 78:32)



And young full-breasted (mature) maidens of equal age; (An-Naba 78:33)


Equal age means age 33; that is the age you enter paradise.



2) DATES



-You are not allowed to break your fast with anything except dates unless you are poor or you cannot find anything else.

-the three dates will replace the sugar you lost while you were fasting.



The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: "If one of you is fasting, he should break his fast with dates. If dates are not available, then with water, for water is purifying." [Ahmad]

3) POMEGRANATES




In them (both) will be fruits, and date- palms and pomegranates. (Ar-Rahman 55:68)

4) LOTUS



The lotus of the dunya is different from the lotus of paradise.



The lotus of paradise is better.




(They will be) among thornless lote-trees, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:28)

Among Talh (banana-trees) with fruits piled one above another, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:29)



In shade long-extended, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:30)


5) OLIVES



The evidence for this is Surah 6:141.




And it is He Who produces gardens trellised and untrellised, and date palms, and crops of different shape and taste (its fruits and its seeds) and olives, and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in taste). Eat of their fruit when they ripen, but pay the due thereof (its Zakat, according to Allah's Orders 1/10th or 1/20th) on the day of its harvest, and waste not by extravagance. Verily, He likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance),



(Al-An'am 6:141)

6) BANANA




Among Talh (banana-trees) with fruits piled one above another, (Al-Waqi'ah 56:29)

7) FIG



By the fig, and the olive, (At-Tin 95:1)

Allah swears by the fig and the olive in surah 95.



All the fruits Allah mentioned in the Quran are very important.



8) CUCUMBERS



9) LENTILS



10) ONIONS



11) GARLIC




And (remember) when you said, "O Musa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fum (wheat or garlic), its lentils and its onions." He said, "Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town and you shall find what you want!" And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the Wrath of Allah. That was because they used to disbelieve the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and killed the Prophets wrongfully. That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the bounds (in their disobedience to Allah, i.e. commit crimes and sins).



(Al-Baqarah 2:61)


12) GINGER



Allah made mention of ginger in surah 76:17.



And they will be given to drink there a cup (of wine) mixed with Zanjabil (ginger, etc.),



(Al-Insan 76:17)

13) WATERMELON



The Prophet (SAWS) said "None of your women who are pregnant and eat of water melon will fail to produce off spring that are good in countenance and good in character. [no takreej]




Benefit from the watermelon and respect it, because its juice is from the Garden and its taste is from the Garden … the watermelon is [one of the fruits] of the Garden. (Mukhtasar Tadhkirah al- Qurtubi, p. 313)


Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to eat watermelon with ripe dates, saying: "The hotness of this substance (dates) neutralizes the coolness of that (watermelon)."