Sunday, July 14, 2013

-465- THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAM: THE 7 PURIFYING WATERS

THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAM: THE 7 PURIFYING WATERS

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
01.06.2013 (Night Dars)

NOTES typed by AT7, AT3 and O_I
Edited and Formatted by AT38 and AT7



Bismillah…


وعن أبي سعيد الخدري - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إن الماء طهور لا ينجسه شيء». أخرجه الثلاثة وصححه أحمد
2. Abi Sa'id al-Khudri (RAA), narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "Water is Tahur (i.e. pure in itself and it purifies other things) and nothing defiles it." Related by the three Imams, and Ahmad graded it as Sahih (authentic).

وعن أبي أمامة الباهلي - رضي الله عنه - قال: قال رسول - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إن الماء لا ينجسه شيء, إلا ما غلب على ريحه وطعمه, ولونه». أخرجه ابن ماجه وضعفه أبو حاتم.
3. Narrated Abu Umamah al-Bahili (RAA): Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "Water is not defiled by anything, except for what changes (affects) its smell, taste or color." Related by Ibn Majah, but declared weak by Abu Hatim.

4 - وللبيهقي: «الماء طاهر إلا إن تغير ريحه, أو طعمه, أو لونه; بنجاسة تحدث فيه».
4. Imam al-Baihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators): "Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) narrated that someone asked: O Messenger of Allah, should we do wudoo’ from Bi’r Budaa’ah (a well)? It is a well in which menstrual rags, the flesh of dogs and rotten things are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Water is a means of purification and nothing makes it impure.” [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/17) No. 66, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/95-96) No. 66, Sunan al-Nasa'i (1/174) No. 326, Musnad Ahmad (3/86) No. 11836]

Women used to throw their sanitary towels in a well
-and people used to use that water for wudu
-so they asked the prophet (saw) about it

However, people didn't throw the flesh of dogs and sanitary pads deliberately
-they threw the pads somewhere else
-but the rains washed these impurities into the well
-so this never happened (that they threw the pads in the well)

When the rained washed the impurities into the well
-that was when they asked the rasul (saw) about it

-this is a general hadith


3. Narrated Abu Umamah al-Bahili (RAA): Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "Water is not defiled by anything, except for what changes (affects) its smell, taste or color." Related by Ibn Majah, but declared weak by Abu Hatim.

4. Imam al-Baihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators): "Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

So if you have water and impurities go inside of it,
-you are not allowed to avoid using it unless its odour changes
-the water is classified as contaminated water, unfit for drinking and wudu,
-when the odour, colour or taste changes

So according to usool ul fiqh when you have 2 hujjah that are conflicting
-one is general and the other specific
-you take the hujjah from the one that is specific

وعن عبد الله بن عمر - رضي الله عنهما - قال: قال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إذا كان الماء قلتين لم يحمل الخبث». وفي لفظ: «لم ينجس». أخرجه الأربعة, وصححه ابن خزيمة. وابن حبان والحاكم
5. 'Abdullah Ibn 'Umar' (RAA), narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "Any amount of water that is sufficient to fill two pitchers, is not easily contaminated by impurity (Najasah)." Another narration says: "'It does not become impure." Related by the four Imams. Ibn Khuzaimah, al-Hakim and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih.

Whenever water is in huge quantity, it is not easily contaminated
-the minimum threshold is Qullatain which the scholars say is equal to 2 pots
-2 pots of water is equal to 270L
-or 71 USA gallons or 59 UK gallons

THE 7 TYPES OF PURIFYING WATER

Purifying water is water that is fit for wudu, ghusl

1. RAIN WATER

2. SEA WATER

3. RIVER WATER

4. WELL WATER

5. SPRING WATER

6. SNOW WATER

7. HAIL WATER

These waters remain in the pure form Allah created them
-and these are what the prophet meant by water is intrinsically pure
-and nothing contaminates it

Then he said you are not allowed to render water impure
-until it develops an odour, color or smell
-because najasa (impurity) fell in it

Water is of 3 types in regards to its level of purity;

1. THE PURIFYING WATER

-This is the water that remains in its pure form Allah created it
-and it was not mixed with any other substance

2. THE PURE WATER

-Water mixed with a pure substance
-e.g. mixed with sugar and lime and it became lemonade
-water mixed with orange juice is called pure water
-but it is haraam to use for wudu and ghusl
-only purifying water can be used for this
-water that remains in its pure state

3. CONTAMINATED WATER

-Water that is mixed with an impure substance
-it is not suitable for wudu or ghusl, and is haraam to drink
-Islamic scholars say the foremost water that should be in our minds
-is the river water and the spring water
-these cannot be contaminated easily
-this is when you read the hadith *water is naturally pure*
-this is what should come to mind
-the river and spring water

The fuqahaa agree if impurities fall in water
-it does not have to develop all three signs to render the water impure
-one sign is sufficient to render the water impure
-these are the three signs: odour, colour & taste

One of these signs is sufficient to render the water contaminated
-the fuqahaa agree; any amount of water large or small is pure
-even if impurities drop in it
-if it does not have any of the three signs present

4. Imam al-Baihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators): "Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

Imam Shaafi & Imam Ahmad stated that
-if the water is less than 270 liters and impurities drop in it,
-you are OBLIGED to render it contaminated

If the water is 270 litres and above,
-and impurities drop in it
-but it did not develop one of the 3 signs (i.e. odour, colour, taste)
-you have to render the water PURE

Hence 270 litres is the threshold
-and considered a large enough body of water which is capable of fighting impurities
-the rasul (saw) also mentioned the 270 litres amount


THE LEFTOVERS OF PEOPLE AND ANIMALS

1. The leftovers of people's food and drink is considered pure
-even if the person who ate and drank from the container was a kaafir
-because a kaafir's impurity is 'spiritual'
-and none of the 4 Great Imams said it was haraam
-to use a kaafir woman as a wet nurse of a Muslim child
-this was concerning her passing on her 'personality' to the child
-she became a wet nurse for

2. The leftover water of a Cat

-This is considered pure
-and it is suitable for wudu & ghusl

3. The leftover of the Fowl

-If the fowl is caged, the leftover is PURE
-if the fowl is let loose, the leftover is rendered Makrooh

4. The leftover of Halaal animals like Sheep, Goats, Cows, Camels, Horses

-The Fuqahaa rendered the leftovers of these 5 animals as pure
-suitable for wudu & ghusl
-because these animals are halaal to eat

5. The leftovers of Mules and Donkeys

-The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of Mules and Donkeys as Makrooh
-because Donkeys are haraam to eat

6. The leftovers of Dogs

-The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of dogs as haraam
-because the water is contaminated
-hence wudu & ghusl in such water would be baatil

When the dog licks your pots
-you have to wash it SEVEN TIMES
-THE FIRST TIME with dirt

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times, the first time with dust." [Sahih Muslim (1/234) No. 279, Sunan al-Nasa'i (1/177) No. 338, Musnad Ahmad (2/427) No. 9507]

-If the dog's saliva should drip on your trousers
-it is haraam to pray in those trousers

7. The leftovers of Pigs

-The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of the pig as contaminated water
-therefore it is haraam to use it for Wudu or Ghusl
-rendering Salah baatil

Whenever water is rendered contaminated
-it is haraam to use if for drinking or ibaadah (wudu & ghusl)
-however this contaminated water can be used for Aadaat
-Aadaat = cultural habits of the people
-e.g. can be used for washing buildings, cars, etc.
-but NOT for wudu & ghusl







QUESTION 1:-

Shaikh, please give the ruling of the women wearing nail polish in general as a form of beautification and in regards to salah. Also, is the Muslim who is tattooed (revert) and has the money to remove it but does not, is he committing a sin?

ANSWER_1:-

-The shaikhs said they have to take it off because you have to make wudu
-some say you don't but this is incorrect
-wudu with nail polish is bautil
-with henna or kohl your wudu is valid

If the tattoo is visible i.e. on your hand you should remove it
-if it is hidden with your clothing you don' have to remove it
-you had tattoo before shahada
-removal of tattoos will be waajib if you have things that are of kufr
-e.g. The Cross has to be removed whether visible or not
-also name tattoos must be removed
-names of ex-wife etc. will offend your new wife
-a non-visible flower tattoo needed not to be removed



QUESTION 2:-

If the water has one or more signs of contamination, can we run it through a filter, purify it, and use it? Or do we render it unsuitable once it’s been contaminated before.


ANSWER_2:-

-you use it for aadaat not ibaadah
-you can use it to wash cars but not for worship
-if a water expert says that a purifier can rid the water
-of the three signs of contamination, you can use this water for wudu
-if contaminated water is only what is available you perform tayammum
-you can drink it if needed to survive




QUESTION 3:-

When performing Salah, kindly advise how long a time gap can be between the Fard & the Sunnah. e.g. let's say you finish Salatul Isha and the phone is ringing, can you attend the phone call, and THEN perform the Sunnah afterwards? If yes, is there a time limit on your phone call?


ANSWER_3:-

-Maximum time you should spend is 5 minutes in between
-Sunnah is to do it immediately after



QUESTION 4:-

You mentioned the saliva of the dog. What about hunting dogs that catch the game, I have heard the saliva of the dog is specific to utensils?

ANSWER_5:-

-Hunting dogs are allowed for game
-after they bring the game you slaughter it