Saturday, July 27, 2013

-489- SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM (SHARIAH LAW IN REGRADS TO TAYYAMUM)



SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM:
SHARIAH LAW IN REGRADS TO TAYYAMUM (THE DRY ABLUTION)


By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
Edited: Muminah_29
28th January 2013
 
 
 
Book 1 Chapter 9 page 57
 
 
Chapter 9: Dry Ablution (at-Tayammum)
 
 
136. Narrated Jabir (RAA): The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "I have been given five things, which were not given to anyone else before me: I have been made victorious due to the fear (of my enemy), for a distance of one month's journey; the earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for prayer and something with which to perform Tayammum (to purify oneself for prayer). Therefore anyone of my followers can pray (anywhere) and at any time that the prayer is due."
 
 Hadith 136 is the hadith for Tayammum
 The Ayah for Tayammum is Surah Nisa vs 43
 
O you who believe! Approach not As Salāt (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janāba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum). Truly, Allāh is Ever Oft Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (An-Nisa 4:43)
 
It is also mentioned in Surah Ma'ida vs 6
 
The literal meaning of TAYAMMUM is Aim & Purpose
 
The technical meaning is to purify yourself with clean earth, dust or sand for acts of Ibadah.
 
 
Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by terror (in the hearts of enemies): spoils have been made lawful to me: the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship; I have been sent to all mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me. [Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1062]
 
As per the above Hadith, Muhammed (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was given superiority over other Prophets in 6 things.
Among these 6 things are we are allowed to do tayammum when we have no water and we are allowed to pray anywhere in the world as long as we avoid the 7 haraam places to pray.
 
The following Hadith of Ibn Umar outlines the 7 haraam places to pray
 
Ibn 'Umar said: "Allah's Messenger prohibited prayer from being performed in seven places: The garbage dump, the slaughtering area, the graveyard, the commonly used road, the bathroom, in the area that camels rest at, and above the Ka'bah."
[Sunan Tirmidhi (2/177) No. 346 and Sunan Ibn Majah (1/479) No. 746]
 
Surah Ma’idah vs 6 is the ayah for Tayammum.
As per the last part of Surah Ma'idah vs 6, Allah Granted us Tayammum to facilitate ease for us
 
Allāh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful. (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
 
The following Quranic verses are clear evidences that Allah does not want any difficulty for us in Deen:
 
Tā Hā. (Ta-Ha 20:1)
 
We have not sent down the Qur'ān unto you (O Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to cause you distress, (Ta-Ha 20:2)
 
Allāh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you (Al-Baqarah 2:185)
 
The following Hadith about Aisha and the necklace of Asma is the reason why Allah revealed the verse for tayammum.
 
It was narrated that 'Aa'ishah borrowed a necklace from 'Asma' and lost it. The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) sent a man to find it, then the time for prayer came but they did not have any water, so they prayed then complained about that to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Then Allaah revealed the verse of tayammum. Usayd ibn Hudayr said to 'Aa'ishah, “May Allaah reward you with good, for by Allaah there has never happened to you anything that you dislike but Allaah brought something good for you and for the Muslims through it.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 329; Muslim, 367)
 
Some scholars state that sometimes you HAVE to pray without wudu and Tayammum, in desperate situations like when a person is incarcerated.
 
In the above-mentioned Hadith (Bukhaari, 329; Muslim, 367), they prayed without wudu BEFORE the verse regarding Tayammum was revealed.
 
So ALL the Scholars say that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did NOT tell them off for praying without Wudu
 
This is called ASBAB AN NUZOOL (reason for revelation or cause of revelation)
 
What substances are suitable for Tayammum?
 
Tayammum is valid if done using anything that comes from the face of the earth, such as dust, mud, rocks, sand and clay, because Allaah says: “perform Tayammum with clean earth” [Al-Nisa' 4:43]
 
Sa'eed (translated here as earth) means the face of the earth. Tayyib (translated here as clean) means pure.
 
It is permissible to do tayammum with anything that is from the earth. This is the view of Abu Haneefah and Maalik. In their view, it is valid to do tayammum with dust, sand and pebbles. Abu Haneefah regarded it as permissible to do tayammum with smooth rocks surfaces, plastered walls and clay made from pure mud.
The same applies if one strikes a cloth and dust rises.
[Badaa'i' al-Sanaa'i', 1/53; al-Taaj wa'lIlkeel, 1/511; al-Mawsoo'ah al-Fihqiyyah, 14/261]
 
On the authority of Abu Abdur Rahman as-Sullami, who said: 'Ali (RA) entered upon a Qadi (judge) and asked him: "Do you know the abrogated evidences (i.e. an-Naasikh wal mansookh)?" The man said: "No." Ali said to him: "You are destroyed and you are seeking to destroy others."'
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (10/200201) No. 20360, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (5/290)   
No. 26192, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq (3/220) No. 5407]
 
There are people who claim that no abrogation took place in the Quran
These people are the Mutazilites
People who say that usually do this because they (e.g.) want to drink alcohol
 
Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allāh is able to do all things? (Al-Baqarah 2:106)
 
This above Verse is Hujjah that Verses are abrogated
Hence if you're intoxicated, your Salah is BAATIL for 40 days & 40 nights
 
Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Whosoever drinks wine, Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will forgive him. And if he repeats it Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will forgive him. And if he repeats it again Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will forgive him. If he repeats it for the fourth time Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will not accept it and he will be made to drink from the river of impurities (of the inmates of hell). (Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah and Daarami from Ibn Amr)
 
We are not allowed to sit where Allah’s signs are ridiculed
 
 And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur'ān) that when you hear the Verses of Allāh being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allāh will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell,
(An-Nisa 4:140)
 
The view of Abu Hanifa & Maalik is CORRECT, in that it is permissible to use: Pure Earth, Pure Dust, Pure Sand, Pure Clay, Pebbles & Smooth Rocks
So if there's a cloth and there is DUST on the cloth, you are allowed to use that for
Tayammum
 
Tayammum is valid if done using anything that comes from the face of the earth, such as dust, mud, rocks, sand and clay, because Allaah says:“perform Tayammum with clean earth” [An-Nisa' 4:43]
 
Sa'eed (translated here as earth) means the face of the earth. Tayyib (translated here as clean) means pure.
 
It is permissible to do tayammum with anything that is from the earth. This is the view of Abu Haneefah and Maalik. In their view, it is valid to do tayammum with dust, sand and pebbles. Abu Haneefah regarded it as permissible to do tayammum with smooth rocks surfaces, plastered walls and clay made from pure mud. The same applies if one strikes a cloth and dust rises.
 
[Badaa'i' alSanaa'i', 1/53; al-Taaj wa'lIlkeel, 1/511; al-Mawsoo'ah al-Fihqiyyah, 14/261]
 
Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a sick person who cannot find dust can he do tayammum by striking his hands on the wall or the bed, and so on?
 
He replied: If the wall is built of something that comes from the earth, such as rocks or mud bricks, then it is permissible to use it for tayammum. But if the wall is covered with wood or paint, if there is any dust on it then it may be used for tayammum and there is nothing wrong with that. It is like doing tayammum on the ground, because dust particles come from the earth. But if there is no dust on it, then it is not from the earth and cannot be used for tayammum.
 
With regard to the bed we say, if there is dust on it, it may be used for tayammum, otherwise it should not be used for tayammum because it does not come from the earth.
[End quote from Fataawa alTahaarah, p. 240]
 
IS A WALL THAT IS PAINTED SUITABLE FOR MAKING TAYAMMUM?
 
According to above Fatwa it IS Permissible to use a painted wall because although it's been painted, it nevertheless contains dust
Hence those dust particles are OK for Tayammum
The dust from the wall ORIGINALLY COMES FROM THE EARTH
You are NOT ALLOWED to use Wood & Glass nor can your use TILES unless dust particles gathered on the tiles.
 
HOW DO YOU PERFORM TAYAMMUM
 
 If you read the Quranic Verses carefully, Surah Nisa vs 43 or Surah Ma'idah vs 6
 
Then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allāh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful. (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
 
Allah States to rub your face & then your hands IN THAT ORDER
So many scholars insist on the Tarteeb (chronological) FORMAT that is mentioned in the Quran
 
[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim narrated the hadeeth of 'Ammaar ibn Yaasir describing tayammum]
 
[Al-Bukhaari narrated it in a number of places in his Saheeh. One of these reports (no. 347; 1/455 of Fath al-Baari)] says: “
'It would have been sufficient for you to do this’ then he struck the palms of his hands on the ground, then dusted them off, then wiped the back of each hand with the other, then he wiped his face with his hands.”
 
Abu Dawood (317; 1/515 of 'Awn al-Ma'bood) narrated it with the same isnaad as al-Bukhaari, apart from the shaykh of al-Bukhaari (Muhammad ibn Salaam), instead of whom he mentioned Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan al-Anbaari, of whom al-Haafiz said in al-Taqreeb (2/167): he is sadooq (truthful).
 
This version of the report says: “He struck his hands on the ground and dusted them off, then he struck his right hand with his left hand, and his left hand with his right hand, then he wiped his face.”
 
Al-Haafiz mentioned in al-Fath (1/457) that al-Ismaa'ee'li narrated it with the wording: “It would have been sufficient for you to strike your hands on the ground, then dust them off, then wipe your right hand over your left and your left hand over your right, then wipe your face.”
 
Al-Shanqeeti said in Adwa' al-Bayaan (2/43): “This hadeeth of al-Bukhaari states that the hands should be wiped before the face.”
 
Shaykh al-Islam said in al-Fataawa (21/423):
 
“The report of al-Bukhaari clearly shows that the back of the hand should be wiped before the face. The fact that in another report he said 'the back of the hand' indicates that he wiped the back of each with the palm of the other.”
 
He also said (21/425:  “But the report which was narrated only by alBukhaari shows that he wiped the backs of the hands before the face.”
(See al-Fataawa, 21/422427)
 
 
 
However there are many who perform Tayammum in a different order
 
137. In another narration by Hudhaifah (RAA): "And the soil of the earth had been made for us as a means with which to purify ourselves (for prayer), when we cannot find water." [Related by Muslim]
138. Ahmad transmitted on the authority of 'Ali (RAA): "The earth (dust) has been made for me as a means for purification."
 
 
139. Narrated 'Ammar bin Yasir (RAA): 'The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) sent me on some errands and I became junub (sexually impure), and could not find water. I rolled myself in the dirt just as an animal does. I then came to the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and mentioned that to him, He said, "This would have been enough for you," and he struck the earth with his hands once, then he wiped the right hand with the left one, the outside of the palms of his hands and his face.'
[Agreed upon, and the wording is Muslim's]
 
 
140. In a version by al-Bukhari 'Ammar said, 'He (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) struck the earth with the palms of his hands, blew in them and wiped his face and hands with them.'
 
The Ahadith above (#139, #140), The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Clearly wiped his hands BEFORE His Face UNLIKE the order of Surah Nisa vs 43 or  Surah Ma'idah vs 6
 
Some Shuyuk even include their 'elbows' when performing Tayammum
 
The Reason I'm bringing you these Fatawa, is because there is fitnah regarding whether hands should be wiped before or after the face
 
Ibn Taymiyyah supports the Hands BEFORE the Face (wiping the hands before the face)
 
METHOD:
 
1.  NIYYAH
 
2.  Say BISMILLAH
 
Bismillah is WAAJIB according to the Hanbali madhad
 
Even if you're in the toilet / bathroom the initial makrooh is WAIVED (it's otherwise makrooh to say Bismillah in the toilet)
There is no wudu, Ghusl, or Tayammum without Bismillah according to Ahmad ibn Hanbal
 
 If you perform Tayammum,Wudu or Ghusl and FORGET to say Bismillah YOUR WUDU IS STILL VALID  because Bismillah is MUSTAHAB, NOT FARD.
According to Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik and Shaff’i Bismillah is not waajib but it is mustahab.
 
This is the view of the Jamhoor  (Majority of Scholars) and it is the correct view.
Even though my shaikh's were Hanbalis they were more inclined to the CORRECT opinion, as opposed to submitting totally to ONE madhab.
 
REMEMBER:  If you forget to say Bismillah for Wudu, although your Wudu is STILL ACCEPTED, it will nonetheless be LACKING IN BARAKAH
 
Regarding NIYAH you are not supposed to say it out loud
 
ARE WE ALLOWED TO PRAY WITHOUT TAYAMMUM AND WUDU IF IN DIFFICULTY?
 
Yes, we are allowed to pray without Wudu, and without Tayammum if we find ourselves in such a predicament for example the person who is incarcerated.
 
Ibn Rasheed said: It is as if the author is stating that tayammum is not prescribed if there is no dust, and that was after tayammum had been prescribed. It is as if he is saying that their ruling concerning the lack of the means of purification which was water only  was the same as our ruling on cases when neither of the two means of purification, water and dust, is available. Hence we know that this hadeeth is suited to the heading, even though the hadeeth does not say that they had no dust, rather it says that they had no water. This indicates that prayer is obligatory for the one who has neither of the two means of purification, because the hadeeth shows that they prayed believing that it was obligatory to do so. If praying in such circumstances were not allowed, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have told them off for doing so.
 
[This is the view of al-Shaafa'i, Ahmad, the majority of muhadditheen and most of the companions of Maalik][Fath a-lBaari, 1/440]
 
Al-Shawkaani said: With regard to the phrase “so they prayed without wudoo'”, a number of scholars, including the compiler, understood this to mean that it is obligatory to pray even if neither of the two means of purification, water and dust, is available. It does not say in the hadeeth that they had no dust, rather it says only that they had no water, but the lack of water at that time was like the lack of water and dust, because there was no means of purification other than water. The point is that they prayed believing it to be obligatory to do so. If prayer in such circumstances were not allowed, then the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) would have told them off for doing so.
 
[This is the view of al-Shaafa'i, Ahmad, the majority of muhadditheen and most of the companions of Maalik]
Nayl al-Awtaar, 1/337
 
Imam Shaafi, Maalik, & Ahmad says in a predicament where there is NO WATER, or NO SOIL, you are ALLOWED to pray WITHOUT WUDU, as well as WITHOUT TAYAMMUM
 
 
141. Narrated Ibn 'Umar (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Tayammum is two strikes: one for the face and the other for the hands up to the elbows." [Related by ad-Daraqutni]
 
142. Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "The soil is a purifier for a Muslim, even if he does not find water for ten years, but if he finds water, he must fear Allah and let it touch his skin." [Related by al-Bazzar, authenticated by Ibn al-Qattan]
 
 
143. Narrated Abu Dharr (RAA): a similar Hadith transmitted by at-Tirmidhi]
 
144. Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (RAA): 'Two men went out on a journey, and when it was time for prayer, and having no water with them, they performed tayammum and prayed. Then they found some water during the time of the same prayer. One of them repeated his prayer with ablution and the other did not. When they saw the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), they asked him about the proper procedure in such a case. He said to the one who did not repeat his prayer, 'You have acted according to the Sunnah and your prayer is sufficient for you.' He said to the other, 'You will get a double reward.'
[Related by Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i]
 
WHAT IF YOU PRAYED as a result of the above predicament, and then AN HOUR LATER you find water DO YOU HAVE TO REPEAT SALAH ?
 
As per Hadith #144 this is NOT NECESSARY. But you will get a DOUBLE reward if you choose to repeat the Salah
Hence IT'S NOT COMPULSORY for you to repeat your Salaah
It is worthy of mentioning that Tayammum replaces Wudu AND GHUSL.
The following Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim is the Hujjah:
 
Narrated 'Imran bin Husain Al-Khuza'i: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw a person sitting aloof and not praying with the people. He asked him, "O so and so! What prevented you from offering the prayer with the people?" He replied, "O Messenger of Allah! I am Junub and there is no water." The Prophet said, "Perform Tayammum with clean earth and that will be sufficient for you."
[Al-Bukhari (348) and Muslim (682)]
 
So if you have a wet dream, and the water is too cold (to the point where you fear you'll fall sick), you can perform Tayammum
 
WHEN CAN WE MAKE TAYAMMUM
 
You make Tayammum when you:
 
1.  CANNOT FIND WATER
 
Narrated 'Imran bin Husain AlKhuza'i: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw a person sitting aloof and not praying with the people. He asked him, "O so and so! What prevented you from offering the prayer with the people?" He replied, "O Messenger of Allah! I am Junub and there is no water."
 
The Prophet said, "Perform Tayammum with clean earth and that will be sufficient for you."
[Al-Bukhari (348) and Muslim (682)]
 
2.  IF ONE IS ILL (and the water could aggravate the illness or cause you to die)
 
 
 
145. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (RAA): concerning the verse, "And if you are ill or on a journey," (AnNisa: 43) he said, 'If a man has a wound, which he suffered during Jihad (in the cause of Allah) or ulcers, then he became junub (sexually impure) and is afraid that if he bathes he would die; he may perform ablution with clean earth (Tayammum).
 
[Related by ad-Daraqutni. And al-Bazzar (who traced it back to the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)
[Ibn Khuzaimah and al-Hakim graded it as Sahih]
 
146. Narrated 'Ali (RAA): 'When one of my forearms was fractured I consulted Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), so he commanded me to wipe over the bandages or cast.'
[Related by Ibn Majah with a very weak chain of narrators]
 
 
147. Narrated Jabir (RAA): concerning the man who had a head injury, then he made Ghusl and died The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "It would have been enough for him to perform tayammum and wrap it with something and wipe over the wrapping and wash the rest of his body."
[Related by Abu Dawud, but there is a weakness in its chain of narrators]
 
Narrated By Jabir: 'We set out on a journey One of our people was hurt by a stone that injured his head. He then had a wet dream. He asked his fellow travellers: Do you find concession for me to perform tayammum? They said: We do not find any concession for you while you can use water. He took a bath and died. When we came to the Prophet (SAW), the incident was reported to him. He said: "They killed him, may Allah kill them! Could they not ask when they did not know? The cure of ignorance is inquiry. It was enough for him to perform tayammum and to pour some drops of water or to bind a bandage over the wound (the narrator Musa was doubtful); then he should have wiped over it and washed the rest of his body."'
 
[Sunan Abu Dawood (1/93) No. 336, Sunan al-Daraqutni (1/349) No. 729, al-Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi (1/347) No. 1075]
 
Water can aggravate some health conditions, so you can't impose Wudu on such people
 
O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allāh is Most Merciful to you. (An-Nisa 4:29)
 
'Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) reported: 'Some prisoners were brought to Messenger of Allah (SAW) amongst whom there was a woman who was running (searching for her child). When she saw a child among the captives, she took hold of it, pressed it against her belly and gave it a suck. Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Do you think this woman would ever throw her child in fire?" We said, "By Allah, she would never throw the child in fire." Thereupon Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Allah is more kind to his slave than this woman is to her child." [Al-Bukhari (5999) and Muslim (2754)]
 
If you DO impose water and the person dies (the erroneous Fatwa of the people that caused the man to die by putting water in his cracked head), you become responsible for KILLING the person
 
3.  IF THE WATER IS TOO COLD
 
'Amr ibn al'Aas narrated: 'I had a wet dream on a cold night during the campaign of Dhaat alSalaasil, and I was afraid that I would die if I did Ghusl, so I did tayammum then I led my companions in praying Fajr.
They mentioned that to the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and he said: “O 'Amr, you led your companions in prayer when you were junub?” So I told him what had kept me from doing Ghusl. I said: “I heard that Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 'And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you' [Al-Nisa' 4:29]
 
The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) smiled and did not say anything.
 
[Sunan Abu Dawood (1/92) No. 334, Musnad Ahmad (4/203) No. 17845, Sunan Daraqutni (1/327) No. 681, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/285) No. 629 and al-Bukhari in mu'allaq form (1/77)]
 
In the above hadith, Amr ibn al’Aas who was a NEW SHAHADA,  the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Was Impressed that he took the correct initiative on his own Hikmah and performed tayammum instead of ghusl after having a wet dream.
 
Hence DON'T TAKE ISLAM TO THE EXTREME AND MAKE IT A BURDEN ON YOURSELF
It's not PIETY to make the Deen a burden it's STUPIDITY
 
4. WATER IS AVAILABLE, BUT YOU RISK YOUR LIFE FETCHING THE WATER
 
Maybe there's a wild animal next to the well like a lion, tiger, bear
Maybe you're on the battlefield, but the well is on the enemy line
 
5.  WATER IS AVAILABLE, BUT YOU NEED THE WATER TO DRINK
 
 The Ulamah states that WUDU HAS A REPLACEMENT which is Tayammum but DRINKING water has NO REPLACEMENT
 
6. YOU FEAR MISSING SALAAH IF YOU MAKE WUDU
 
E.g. Iqamah is called, it is Fajr, and the Jam'ah has only a few minutes before the sun rises
If this risks you MISSING SALAAH, then you are allowed to make Tayammum
Tayammum takes 7 seconds
 
 
THE FIVE STAGES OF TAYAMMUM:
 
1. NIYYAH (intention)
 
2. Say BISMILLAH
 
3. STRIKING THE SOIL WITH THE PALM OF BOTH HANDS SIMULTANEOUSLY
 
4. USING THE RIGHT HAND TO RUB THE LEFT HAND, AND VICE VERSA (USING THE LEFT HAND TO RUB THE RIGHT HAND)
 
It should be up to the WRIST
There’s no need to include the elbow
The elbow is for wudu (in the Hanbali madhab)
 
5. TO WIPE THE FACE
 
Some scholars add a 6th step i.e. the Dua after you make wudu
 
WHAT NULLIFIES YOUR TAYAMMUM?
 
1. Anything that breaks Wudu breaks Tayammum
 
E.g. to break wind, urination, defecation, deep sleep, touching a woman lustfully, touching your own private parts with the palm of your own hands, to eat camel meat, Madhiyy (prostate fluid emission) and apostasy breaks wudu and tayammum.
 
2. Availability of water breaks Tayammum
 
If water is available, you cannot make Tayammum