SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM CONT’D
WATER THE PURIFYING AGENT
By Shaikh Abdullah Al Faisal
Jan 09 2013 (Evening Dars)
(Edited by Muminah_29)
14. Narrated Anas Ibn Malik (RAA), "A Bedouin came and started to urinate in one of the corners of the mosque and the people then rebuked him, but the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stopped them. When the man had finished, the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered them to pour a (large) bucket of water over the urine."
[Agreed upon (Related by alBukhari and Muslim)]
The ulama extracted many lessons from this hadith
LESSONS FROM THE ABOVE MENTIONED HADITH
1) The eagerness of the sahabah to enjoin the good and forbid the evil
2) It shows the kind nature of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)
He stopped the people from beating up the man
3) The huge difference in the behavior of the city dwellers and the desert dwellers
The city dwellers are more refined in their actions
The desert dwellers are more uncouth
He didn't want to go out to urinate
He urinated in the masjid
They have rough mannerisms
4) When you build a masjid you should provide adequate toilets facilities for brothers and sisters in order to avoid embarrassments such as this.
5) The wisdom of the prophet: he didn't allow the sahabah to stop the man from urinating in the middle of the act
If he had stopped the man it would have affected his urinary tract
It would have affected the muscles had they stopped him in the middle of the urination
6) The wisdom of choosing the lesser of two evils
The first evil is to allow the man to finish urinating in the masjid
The second is to stop him in the middle of the act causing the man some health issues
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) chose the lesser of the two evils
7) The wisdom of keeping the impurity in one spot.
If they had beaten him the najasa would be all over the masjid, but with it contained to one spot it was easier to clean it up
They poured a bucket of water over the urine
8) The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) undid the damage of the jahil by pouring a bucket of water over the urine
9) The jahil, the Bedouin raised his hands and said
Oh Allah forgive me and Muhammad only'
This dua was a mistake
Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that a villager came to the mosque; the Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was also sitting there. He offered Salah and prayed:
"O Allah have mercy on me and on Muhammad and do not have mercy on anyone else besides us."
The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) turned towards him and said, "You have limited the application of a very large thing (Mercy).” There had not passed enough time when this man passed urine in the mosque. The people towards him, but the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said. "Pour a bucket of water over it.” He also said, "Indeed, you are sent only as those who make things easy and not as those who create difficulties." [Sunan Tirmidhi (1/275) No. 147]
Some ulama say that the reason he urinated in the masjid is because he did not want to miss the study circle of the Holy Prophet
They say it was because he didn't want to miss any hadith
If this is the correct opinion let's hope all are like this Bedouin
10) When strangers come to the masjid you need to watch them
They may do things like plant a bomb etc.
He may be a spy who comes to the masjid
A spy cannot make wudu
In central mosque UK two skinheads beat up an imam and dug out his eye
Anthony Quinn made wudu with his left hand first in the movie lion of the desert
The sahabah were watching the Bedouin, that's how they caught him urinating
They were vigilant
They were paying attention to the events taking place
Anas Ibn Malik narrated the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "A believer is shrewd, sharp and careful." [Quda'ee (d. 454 H) in 'Musnad alShihab' (Vol. 1 pg. 107) No. 128]
11) Its possible when you enjoin the right and forbid the wrong you go about doing it the wrong way
When they jumped up to beat the man
If the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) didn't stop them there would have been urine all over the masjid
The scholars of fiqh on this hadith came to the conclusion that you should not to do more damage than good
When enjoining the good and forbidding the evil
E.g. the coup in Trinidad in 1990 did more bad than good
It brought hell to the lives of the Muslims
They thought they were enjoining the good and forbidding the evil
12) The desert Arabs before the advent of Islam were uncivilized
They used to make tawaaf naked
If the camel died they would eat it and say Allah killed it for them i.e. they used to eat dead meat
But after Islam, they were the most and honored people
Taariq bin Shihab reports that when Umar (RA) was travelling to Shaam, Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah (RA) was accompanying him. When they arrived at a point where they had to wade across, Umar (RA) alighted from his camel, removed his leather socks and threw them over his shoulders. He then took hold of the reins of the camel and waded through. "O Ameerul Mu'mineen!" Abu Ubaydah (RA) said, "Are you doing that?! Do you also remove your leather socks, throw them over your shoulders, take hold of the reins of the camel and then wade through?! I would not like the people of that city (where we are headed) to see you like this." "O, Abu Ubaydah! Had anyone other than you made such a statement, I would have made him a lesson for the Ummah of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). We were once amongst the lowest of people, but Allah gave us honor because of Islam. As soon as we start to seek honor in avenues other than that in which Allah has granted us honor, Allah will then humiliate us." [Mustadrak alHakim (1/130) No. 207]
13) Humans have a natural revulsion for urine
Anyone who doesn't have this natural revulsion is possessed by the jinn
14) It is compulsory to keep the masjid clean and to keep bad smells away from the masjid
And (remember) when We made the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqām (place) of Ibrāhim (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrāhim (Abraham) stood while he was building the Ka'bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rak'at after the Tawāf of the Ka'bah at Makkah), and We commanded Ibrāhim (Abraham) and Ismā'il (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (I'tikāf), or bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer). (AlBaqarah 2:125)
On the authority of Abu Malik alHarith bin alHarith alAsharee (RA) who said: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Purity is half of iman (faith)
[Sahih Muslim (1/203) No. 223]
Abu Hurayra also reported that a black woman or youth used to sweep the mosque. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) missed her and asked after her or him. They said, "She died." He said, "Why did you not inform me?" It was as if they thought little of her or him. He said, "Show me the grave." They directed him to it and he prayed over it. Then he said, "These graves are filled with darkness surrounding their inhabitants. Allah Almighty illuminates them for them by my praying over them." [AlBukhari (458) and Muslim (956)]
Aisha (RA) said that the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered that mosques should be built in neighborhoods. They should be kept clean and perfumed. [Sunan Tirmidhi (2/489) No. 594, Sunan Abu Dawud (1/124) No. 455]
Jabir (RA) said: The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "He who has eaten garlic or onion should keep away from us or our mosques." [AlBukhari (855) and Muslim (564)]
The narration in Muslim is: "He who has eaten onion or garlic or leek should not approach our mosque, because the angels are also offended by the strong smells) that offend the children of Adam."
15) The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was a merciful and patient teacher
He said kindly to the man who urinated:
The house of Allah was not built for these things
They were built for the remembrance of Allah
And We have sent you (O Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamīn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (AlAnbiya 21:107)
In houses (mosques), which Allāh has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honored), in them His Name is glorified in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings, (AnNur 24:36)
Anas b. Malik reported: While we were in the mosque with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), a desert Arab came and stood up and began to urinate in the mosque. The Companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Stop, stop, but the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Don't interrupt him; leave him alone. They left him alone, and when he finished urinating, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) called him and said to him: These mosques are not the places meant for urine and filth, but are only for the remembrance of Allah, prayer and the recitation of the Qur'an, or Allah's Messenger said something like that. He (the narrator) said that he (the Holy Prophet) then gave orders to one of the people who brought a bucket of water and poured It over. [Sahih Muslim (1/236) No. 285]
He was very merciful and patient with the man who urinated in the masjid
He was merciful that is why he stopped them from beating the man
Even when the sahabah disobeyed him at the battle of Uhud he was kind and gentle in the way he was correcting them
And by the Mercy of Allāh, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allāh's) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allāh, certainly, Allāh loves those who put their trust (in Him) (Al Imran 3:159)
16) It is haraam to make a dua and exclude the rest of the ummah
When the man made dua for only himself and the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to be forgiven the Holy Prophet rebuked him and said u have made something narrow which is vast
What is vast here means the mercy of Allah and the man made it narrow by saying oh Allah forgive only me and Muhammad and not anyone else. This is why the man was rebuked by the Holy Prophet.
17) It is very difficult to tolerate the behaviour of the ignoramus (jahil) and to get along with them
Some people get divorced 10 times
His character is untenable/repugnant
The man couldn't be bothered to go outside to urinate because of his uncouth character, the Quran stated:
And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: "Verily, Allāh commands you that you slaughter a cow." They said, "Do you make fun of us?" He said, "I take Allāh's Refuge from being among AlJāhilûn (the ignorant or the foolish)." (AlBaqarah 2:67)
It is suffocating to be in the company of a jahil
Even Musa (a.s) sought refuge in Allah (swt) from being a jahil person.
And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allāh) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. (AlFurqan 25:63)
Imam Shafi'i debated with 100 scholars and won the debates
He debated with one jahil and the jahil defeated Imam Shafi'i
The jahil would interrupt and not allow Shafi'i to finish his speech
18) You need sabr to mould a revert
Reverts don't know about bathroom etiquettes
All the sahabahs were reverts ,but those who were born to them are called the Tabe’een.
The tabe'een were all born Muslims.
You need a born Muslim to help a revert to learn his deen properly in areas of Aqeedah and Fiqh.
Abu Hanifah said the greatest Fiqh is to learn proper Tauheed
19) Water is used to purify the earth, if impurity (like urine) is spilled on the earth.
If it is a hard surface like concrete or tile you need sponge / cloth to clean it,then you wash it with water to get rid of the smell
The majority of scholars believe that to pour water on urine on the earth is sufficient to purify it.
Abu Hanifah said that you have to scrape it up afterwards and throw it away and replace it with clean earth
Only then they say the house of Allah (swt) is clean
The correct opinion is that of Abu Hanifah
If it is outside the masjid you don't have to scrape it up
If in the masjid you should take it off so that there is no smell
It is more hygienic for the masjid.
If the masjid is carpeted you need water and detergent to purify the area which is affected by the urine.
FACTS ABOUT URINE
The majority of medics believe that urine can be harmful and dangerous for the human when used internally,especially the urine of humans
People who drink their urine complain about chronic nausea
They complain about diarrhoea
They complain about gastrointestinal ailments
Some have to be hospitalized
Urine is a waste product of the body it is toxic
Urine causes cholera
The only cure for those who are hospitalized is to stop drinking their urine.
The Russians believe if a man is impotent he will be cured by the urine of pregnant females.
There is no proof for this
Urination is the primary method of excreting toxic chemicals and drugs from the body
Your urine test says everything about you therefore it is insanity to drink urineof human beings
To cure people with the urine of camels
This is the exception
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) treated people with the urine of the camel
Narrated Anas: Some people from `Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them, so Allah's Apostle (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) allowed them to go to the herd of camels (given as Zakat) and they drank their milk and urine (as medicine) but they killed the shepherd and drove away all the camels. So Allah's Apostle sent (men) in their pursuit to catch them, and they were brought, and he had their hands and feet cut, and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron and they were left in the Harra (a stony place at Medina), till they died. [AlBukhari (6802) and Muslim (1671)]
Studies have shown that camel urine cures many ailments
In an article by Dr Ahlaam al'Awadi, which was published in alDa'wah magazine, issue no. 1938, 25 Safar 1425 AH/15 April 2004 CE:
Camel's urine is efficacious in the treatment of skin diseases such as ringworm, tine a and abscesses, sores that may appear on the body and hair, and dry and wet ulcers. Camel's urine brings the secondary benefits of making the hair lustrous and thick and removing dandruff from the scalp. Camel's milk is also beneficial in treating hepatitis, even if it has reached an advanced stage where medicine is unable to treat it.
In the alJazeerah alSa'oodiyyah newspaper (issue no. 10132, Rabee' alAwwal 1421 AH) there is a quotation from the book AlIbl Asraar wa i'jaaz (The camel: secrets and wonders) by Darmaan ibn 'Abd al'Azeez Aal Darmaan and Sanad ibn Mutlaq alSubay'i:
As for camel's urine, the book suggests that it has numerous uses which are beneficial for man. This is indicated by the Prophetic texts and confirmed by modern science …Scientific experiments have proven that camel's urine has a lethal effect on the germs that cause many diseases.
Among the uses of camel's urine, many women use it to wash their hair, to make it longer, and to make it lighter and more lustrous. Camel's urine is also efficacious in the treatment of swelling of the liver and other diseases such as abscesses, sores that appear on the body and toothache, and for washing eyes.
It is used to cure dropsy and pain in the liver
As well as blood clot
THE URINE & DUNG OF THE PURE ANIMALS
The Holy Prophet (saw) allowed salah to be performed in the sheep pen
On the authority of alBara' bin 'Azib: 'that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was asked about praying in camel pens. He replied; "Do not pray in camel pens, for they are of the devils." And he was asked about praying in sheep pens. He replied: "pray there for they are of blessing."' [Sunan Abu Dawud (1/133) No. 493]
On the authority of 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "Perform prayer in the sheep's restingplaces and do not perform prayer in the camels' restingplaces, for they were created from the devils."
[Musnad Ahmad (4/86) No. 16845, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/492) No. 769, Sahih Ibn Hibban (4/601) No. 1702, alSunan alKubra alBayhaqi (2/629) No. 4357]
The urine and dung of the pure animals are not unclean
Rubbing camel urine makes hair grow
It is rich in potassium and protein
If the urine of the pure animal gets on your clothes you can still pray in those clothes
Ibn Qudaamah (rh) said: The urine and faeces of animals whose flesh may be eaten is taahir. Maalik said: The scholars do not regard the urine of animals whose meat is eaten and whose milk is drunk as najis (impure). … Ibn alMundhir said: Everyone from whom we acquired knowledge among the scholars is unanimously agreed that it is permissible to pray in sheep pens, apart from alShaafa'i who stipulated that it should be free of dung and urine. [AlMughni (2/492)]
It says in Fataawa alLajnah alDaa'imah (6/414):
The urine of animals whose meat may be eaten is taahir, and if it is used on the body for some purpose, there is nothing wrong with praying in that state.
Scholars say that if the camel urine were impure the Holy Prophet (saw) would never have prescribed urine for a cure
Ibn Qudaamah (rh) said: But if these birds are of a type whose flesh may not be eaten, such as birds that have talons, like falcons, then their faeces is najis and there is no difference of opinion among the scholars concerning that[AlMughni (2/490)]
The feces of birds of prey is impure
The pigeon etc. is ok
Can any camel urine be used or just the sadaqa camels only?
Any camel can be used
What do you say about a brother who wants to do polygamy but he is receiving government benefits. A sister's husband has 2 wives and now he's trying to marry a third sister who lives in a foreign country. He's barely able to provide for his 2 wives and now he's angry with the second wife because she won't accept him marrying a third wife because he lost his job?
This brother needs to slow down a bit
He needs to think with his head and not his genitalia
The third wife he is bringing will not have a visa
Because of his poverty the government will not issue her a visa
Can you hold a Mushaf and pray Tahajjud in order to read longer while standing? Also if your eyes open randomly at odd hours of the night, should you consider this as a sign to get up and pray even if it is one rakah?
If you pray one raka'a that is witr
Mu'awiyya used to do that
You are allowed to pray holding the mushaf for tahajjud
Abu Hanifah doesn't allow it but Hanbali and Malaiki allow it
If we make wudu after eating the meat, wouldn't we need to make wudu if the urine or dung of the camel is on one’s person?
If you eat camel meat your wudu is broken
But if you rub it on your skin it isn't
There is no evidence for this
To eat it is internal and to rub it is external
You can't compare the two however for the sake of hygiene you should wash all traces of animal urine before going to the masjid.
Bara bin Aazib (RA) said that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was asked about making ablution after eating camel flesh. He said, “Make ablution after that”. Then he was asked about mutton. He said, “It is not necessary after that.”
[Sunan Dawud (1/47) No. 184, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/122) No. 81, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/311) No. 494, Musnad Ahmad (4/303) No 18725]
A couple of lectures ago you said do not engage in worthless talk, is it allowed to discuss and refute kuffaar, murtadeen and munafeqeen on an internet forum or on YouTube, for the sake of exposing them when they try to mislead others by spreading lies about Islam (I also ask this question because of the verse: do not sit with those mocking the deen) (Surah An-Nisa 4:140)
You are allowed to debate with these people you have mentioned
The evidence is the khawaarij incident with Ali (r.a)
Ali (r.a) sent Ibn Abbas to debate them and refute them publicly
But if you go to the rooms of the kuffar, hypocrites and zindeeqs (heretics) they will dot you and bounce youbecause they don't like to be exposed
Abu Haneefah (rh) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, 'I do not know whether Allah is above the heavens or on the earth.' “He has disbelieved, because Allah says, “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne,” and His Throne is above His seven heavens.' He was then asked, 'what if he said that Allah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?' He said, 'He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.”
('Sharh Usul I'tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah' of alLaalikaaee (d.414AH), 'alUluww' of adh Dhahabee, also 'Sharh Aqeedah atTahaawiyyah' of ibn Abee alIzz alHanafee)
Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said:“And it is known from the religion (of Islam) by necessity and by the consensus of all Muslims that whoever legalizes to follow other than the religion of Islam or a Shariah other than the Shariah of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), he is a Kaafir. And his kufr is similar to that of the one who believes in some part of the book (Quran) and reject some of it.” [Majmua alFataawa (28/524)]
Ibn Kathir (rh) said: “So Whosoever abandons the wise Shariah which was revealed upon Muhammad ibn Abdullah, the seal of the prophets, and goes to other abrogated Shariah for judgment, he becomes a Kaafir. So how about the one who goes to alYaasiq (manmade law) for judgment and gives it precedence (over the Shariah of Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Whosoever does this has become a Kaafir by the Ijma of the Muslims.”
[AlBidayah WanNihayah, (Vol. 13, p119)]