Tuesday, July 2, 2013

TAFSEER SURAH SAFFAAT : THE THREE SONS OF NUH (AS)

TAFSEER SURAH SAFFAAT
THE THREE SONS OF NUH (AS)

By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal

July 01 2013 (morning dars)

Writing By AT6
Edited By Abu Hafiza 4

The last time we were here, we stopped at ayah 57

Had it not been for the Grace of my Lord, I would certainly have been among those brought forth (to Hell)."

(As-Saffat 37:57)

-this person is saying that when he was in the dunya
-you tried to take him away from Islam
-and use the fear factor and other things to scare him away from Islam
-people tell you have fun whilst you are young
-but Allah (swt) protected him and he was a Muslim
-Allah helped him against his evil companion
-this is the tafseer of the ayah

Allah said in surah 28:56

Verily! You (O Muhammad SAW) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided.

(Al-Qasas 28:56)

-that He is the only one that guides people to Islam
-this is one of His names and attributes (Al-Mu'min)
-this means He believes and bless people with belief
-He also has the name Al Haadi which means

-it means The One who guides to the straight path

AYAH 58

(Allah informs about that true believer that he said): "Are we then not to die (any more)?

(As-Saffat 37:58)

They are asking: Does it mean we are not going die anymore?

-there is nothing unpleasant in paradise
-no hunger, thirst, envy, sickness etc
-there was an old woman who came to the Rasul (saws)
-and the Rasul told her that there is no old woman in paradise
-only the young will be there


Hasan Basri (RA) says that an old woman came to Rasoolullah (SAWS) and made a request, O’ Messenger of Allah make Dua that Allah grants me entrance into Jannah. Rasoolullah (SAWS) replied, O’ Mother, an old woman cannot enter Jannah. That woman started crying and began to leave. Rasoolullah (SAWS) said, Say to the woman that one will not enter in a state of old age, but Allah will make all the women of Jannah young virgins. Allah Ta’aala says, Lo! We have created them a (new) creation and made them virgins, lovers, equal in age. (Surah Waaqi’ah, 35-37).

[Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Ch35, Hadith 230]

-meaning you will become young even though you died at an old age
So you will be forever young.

This is why the Prophet told the old women there are no old people in Paradise.

Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "When the people of Paradise have entered Paradise and the people of the Fire have entered the Fire, death will be brought and will be placed between the Fire and Paradise, and then it will be slaughtered, and a call will be made (that), 'O people of Paradise, no more death ! O people of the Fire, no more death! ‘So the people of Paradise will have happiness added to their previous happiness, and the people of the Fire will have sorrow added to their previous sorrow."

[Sahih Bukhari]

This answer to the question is that people will not die in Paradise.

They will live without any sickness.
Your journey is from the womb to the tomb.
The tomb is a ziarah (a short visit).

The place where you will abide forever is Paradise or the hellfire.
Paradise is not a ziarah; it is called an abode.
If a bad Muslim enters the hellfire, he won't be there forever.
The bad Muslim will come out with the intercession of Muhammad (saws).

It is only the khawaarij who believe sinners will be in hell forever.
We don't have the ideology of the khawaarij.

AYAH 59:

Except our first death, and we shall not be punished? (After we have entered Paradise)."

(As-Saffat 37:59)

Some people believe success is to be financially stable in the dunya.

They believe to graduate from Oxford or MIT is supreme success.
They believe to become a well-qualified doctor is the supreme success.
However, the supreme success is when you enter Paradise to abide forever.
The dunya success is short lived but the success of the hereafter is everlasting.
This is because the success in the hereafter is a permanent success.

Allah said your destiny in Paradise is a reward which is never ending.

Allah said in Quran surah 95.Al Tin

By the fig, and the olive, (At-Tin 95:1)

By Mount Sinai, (At-Tin 95:2)

And by this city of security (Makkah), (At-Tin 95:3)

Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould), (At-Tin 95:4)

Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, (At-Tin 95:5)

Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, then they
shall have a reward without end (Paradise). (At-Tin 95:6)

-The dunya is short lived.
-The supreme success is to abide in Paradise forever.
-The reward in Paradise is a never-ending reward.

AYAH 60:

Truly, this is the supreme success! (As-Saffat 37:60)

AYAH 61:

For the like of this let the workers work. (As-Saffat 37:61)

Work for Paradise. Do not let your hereafter suffer because you are chasing dunya.

You are competitive by nature but what you should compete for is the Paradise.

In Quran Allah said in surah 83.Al Mutaffifin

Verily, Al-Abrar (the pious who fear Allah and avoid evil) will be in delight (Paradise).

(Al-Mutaffifin 83:22)

On thrones, looking (at all things)

(Al-Mutaffifin 83:23)

You will recognise in their faces the brightness of delight.

(Al-Mutaffifin 83:24)

They will be given to drink pure sealed wine.

(Al-Mutaffifin 83:25)

The last thereof (that wine) will be the smell of musk, and for this let (all) those strive who want to strive (i.e. hasten earnestly to the obedience of Allah)

(Al-Mutaffifin 83:26)

Allah is telling you what you should strive for.

AYAH 62:

Is that (Paradise) better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum (a horrible tree in Hell)?

(As-Saffat 37:62)

The tree of zaqqum is a tree in the hellfire.

Zaqqum (Arabic: زقوم) is a tree that will grow in Jahannam (Hell). Its dwellers are compelled to eat Adh-Dhari, bitter fruit, to intensify their torment (Qur'an 69:36-37). The Khati'un may eat only the fruit or Ghislin (foul pus from the washing of their wounds) (Qur'an 69:36). Its fruits are shaped like devils' heads (Qur'an 37:62-68). According to Shaykh Umar Sulayman Al-Ashqar, a professor at the University of Jordan, once the palate of the sinners is satiated, the fruit in their bellies churns like burning oil.

Some Islamic scholars believe the fruit tears their bodies apart and releases bodily fluids.

Verily, the tree of Zaqqum,

(Ad-Dukhan 44:43)

Will be the food of the sinners,

(Ad-Dukhan 44:44)

Like boiling oil, it will boil in the bellies,

(Ad-Dukhan 44:45)

Like the boiling of scalding water

(Ad-Dukhan 44:46)

The tree of zaqqum was also mentioned in surah 56:51-52.

Then moreover, verily, you the erring-ones, the deniers (of Resurrection)

(Al-Waqi'ah 56:51)

You verily will eat of the trees of Zaqqum

(Al-Waqi'ah 56:52)

Allah is speaking about the wayward and those who deny the resurrection.

They will eat from the trees of zaqqum

AYAH 63:

Truly, We have made it (as) a trail for the Zalimun (polytheists, disbelievers, wrongdoers, etc.)

(As-Saffat 37:63)
The Arabs used to have a dish called zaqqum; their zaqqum was dates mixed with butter.

When surah saffaat was revealed, Abu Jahl said he eats zaqqum.

He asked: "Why are you using zaqqum to threaten me?"

Abu Jahl doesn’t understand the zaqqum of the hellfire is different from the zaqqum of the dunya.

Abu Jahl used qiyaas and compared the zaqqum of the dunya with the zaqqum of the hellfire.

Ahmed ibn Hanbal said that most mistakes are made through qiyaas.

If you compare the wine of the dunya to the wine in Paradise, that qiyaas is bautil.

The wine in the dunya makes you vomit gives you headaches and intoxicates you.

The wine in Paradise cannot intoxicate you.

This is why the wine in dunya is haraam.

Nothing in Paradise is like what is in dunya except by name.

AYAH 64:

Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-fire,

(As-Saffat 37:64)

The fruits on the tree of zaqqum look like the heads of devils.

AYAH 65:

The shoots of its fruit-stalks are like the heads of Shaitaan (devils);

(As-Saffat 37:65)

You will ask: "How can a tree survive the heat of the hellfire?"
The answer is that the tree itself is made from hellfire and because of that, it is able to survive the heat of the hellfire.

AYAH 66:

Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith.

(As-Saffat 37:66)

Allah spoke about zaqqum again in surah 88:6-7.

No food wills there be for them but a poisonous thorny plant,

(Al-Ghashiyah 88:6)

Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger?

(Al-Ghashiyah 88:7)

The tafseer is that the poisonous thorny plant Allah is talking about is the tree of zaqqum.

AYAH 67:                                      

Then on the top of that, they will be given boiling water to drink so that it becomes a mixture (of boiling water and Zaqqum in their bellies).

(As-Saffat 37:67)

On top of that, they will be given boiling water to drink when they are thirsty.

This water will make their intestine burst.

Allah spoke about the boiling water again in surah 88:5.
                                                                                                                            
They will be given to drink from a boiling spring,

(Al-Ghashiyah 88:5)

That is the plight of the wayward as they enter the hellfire.

AYAH 68:

Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell.

(As-Saffat 37:68)

The hellfire is 70 times hotter than the fire we use at home to prepare meals.

The hellfire is already created and Allah allowed two breaths.

The hellfire complained about its heat.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Scorching heat is a part of the blast of Jahannam. So, when the heat is fierce, delay the prayer until it gets cooler." He added in explanation, "The Fire complained to its Lord and said, 'My Lord, part of me has eaten another part,' so He allowed it two breaths in every year, a breath in winter and a breath in summer."

[Muwatta Malik]

So Allah allows the hellfire two breaths; one in the summer and one in the winter.

AYAH 69:

Verily, they found their fathers on the wrong path; (As-Saffat 37:69)

This ayah means that children normally follow their parents.

AYAH 70

So they (too) made haste to follow in their footsteps! (As-Saffat 37:70)

They followed their parents who were Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists.

-They followed their parents to be loyal to them.
-If you are loyal to bautil, you are loyal to a fault.

Allah spoke about such people in surah 2:170.

When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has sent down." They say: "Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following." (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided?

(Al-Baqarah 2:170)

They are people who were told to follow Islam but they preferred to follow their parents.

Their fathers were not guided yet they follow them.
People who are Sufi, Shia or Barelvi only follow their parents.

As Muslims, we follow the Quran.

The Quran doesn't sanction what the Sufi, Shia and Barelvi is practicing.

We follow Quran and Sunnah; we don't follow parents.
Not all parents are on the siraat al mustaqeem.

We use the truth to judge people; we don't use people to judge the truth.

AYAH 71:

And indeed most of the men of old went astray before them;

(As-Saffat 37:71)

The majority went astray before them; they were not upon the siraat al mustaqeem

Allah told us on many occasions that the majority will always be upon falsehood.

For example, surah 12:103.

And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.

(Yusuf 12:103)

Allah warned you about the majority again in surah 6:116.

And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah's Path. They follow nothing but conjectures, and they do nothing but lie.

(Al-An'am 6:116)

Most of the theories they come up with is nothing but lies.

You are a Muslim; don't follow the majority, follow Quran and Sunnah.
Don't follow the majority because Allah cursed the majority.

AYAH 72:

And indeed, We sent among them warners (Messengers);

(As-Saffat 37:72)

Allah said in surah 16:36 that every nation was sent a messenger.

And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming) : "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)." Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).

(An-Nahl 16:36)

The messengers commanded the people to worship Allah and reject the taghoot.
The taghoot means the false deities.
It is also means false doctrines.
Umar said taghoot is the shaitaan.
Taghut is the kaafir army and the kaafir courthouse.
Taghut is kaafir institutions like NATO, the UN, the IMF and even the free masons
Taghut is any foundation, which was established to oppose the haqq.

AYAH 73:

Then see what was the end of those who were warned (but heeded not)

(As-Saffat 37:73)

Allah is speaking about people like the people of Noah who were destroyed by the flood.

Allah is referring to people like the homosexuals of Sodom and Gomorrah.

They suffered Allah's retribution.

One of Allah's 99 names and attributes is Al Muntaqim;  therefore, Allah is swift, severe and decisive with his retribution.

Allah is also referring to the people who killed the she-camel of Saleh.
They were destroyed by fire and brimstone.

Allah is also referring to the people of Surah Yasin who killed Habeeb the carpenter.
They were killed by lightning.

The sunnah of Allah is to destroy those who don't take heed to the warning of His messengers.

Allah said in Quran Surah Israa verse 15

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his own self. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

(Al-Isra 17:15)

AYAH 74:

Except the chosen slaves of Allah (faithful, obedient, and true believers of Islamic Monotheism).

(As-Saffat 37:74)

In Ayah 74 means, the only ones who are exempted from Allah's retribution are the sincere believers.

The only people who can escape Allah's retribution are those who make sincere taubah for their sins.

Taubah wipes out what came before.

The evidence to prove the door of taubah is open is surah 39:53.

Say: "O 'Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

(Az-Zumar 39:53)

This ayah means the door of taubah is always open.
The ayah means Allah forgives all sins, even major shirk, as long as you make your taubah before you die.

This is the meaning of the above mentioned ayah.

AYAH 75:

And indeed Nuh (Noah) invoked Us, and We are the Best of those who answer (the request).

(As-Saffat 37:75)

The word 'Us' means Allah; it doesn't mean there are 2 or 3 gods.

When Allah said: Verily We reveal it in the night of power", the 'We' means Allah.

In the Quran Allah said in Surah 97. Al Qadr

Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

(Al-Qadr 97:1)

This 'We' means power, authority and majesty.

The reason why Noah made the dua because he realised the people will not believe.

The Duas of Noah can be found in surah 71:26-28.

And Nuh (Noah) said: "My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth!

(Nuh 71:26)

If You leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers."

(Nuh 71:27)

My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) grant You no increase but destruction!"

(Nuh 71:28)

This is the famous dua of Prophet Noah.

The Prophet Muhammad said that every prophet has a dua that will be answered by Allah.

All the other prophets have used up their dua except Muhammad (SAWS)

Abu Huraira narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “Every Prophet has a (special) supplication which is answered. Verily, I have reserved mine as intercession for my nation, and it shall reach, if Allah wills, those of them who die, not associating anything with Allah.”

[Tirmidhi]

Muhammad (saws) saved up his dua to be used as shafaa for his ummah.

As long as you deny upon authentic tawheed and you didn't commit shirk, you will benefit from this dua of Muhammad.

AYAH 76:

And We rescued him and his family from the great distress (i.e. drowning),

(As-Saffat 37:76)

To die drowning is a horrible way to die.

If you die drowning, you die a shaheed because it is a horrible way to die.

As long as you die drowning upon authentic tawheed, you die a shaheed.

All of Noah's family were saved except his wife and one of his four sons.
His wife and one of his sons died as kaafirs.

When his son was told to enter the boat, he refused because he was a Mu'tazila.

He was a rationalist.

In the Quran Surah Hud, verse 43

The son replied: "I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Nuh (Noah) said: "This day there is no saviour[] from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned.

(Hud 11:43)

His aql told him that the mountain was tall enough to save him from the flood.
As Muslims, we follow revelation not reason.
If there is a conflict between reason and revelation, we go along with revelation.

This is because revelation is perfect unlike reason.

The son of Noah suffered a horrible demise because he gave preference to reason over revelation.

-Revelation is Allah's Ilm.
-Revelation is Allah's Hikma.
-Revelation is Allah's Adl.
-Reason is Allah's creation; the aql is Allah's creation.

Because Allah's Ilm is perfect and the aql is imperfect, we give preference to revelation over reason.

If the son of Noah had followed this principle, he wouldn't have drowned as a kaafir in the flood.

AYAH 77:

And, his progeny, them We made the survivors (i.e. Shem, Ham and Japheth).

(As-Saffat 37:77)

One son died but three survived.

The three remaining sons became the fathers of the entire world.

Therefore, Sham was the father of the Arabs, the Jews and the people of Asia.
Hama is the father of the people of Africa.

In the Quran Allah said Surah Hijr verse 26

Verily We created man of potter's clay of (hama) black mud altered,

[Al Hijr 15:26]

The father of the people of Europe is Japheth

Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) said Shem was the father of the Arabs, Japheth was the father of the Byzantines, and Ham was the father of Abyssinians. Nuh’s (AS) three believing sons, who became ancestors of all mankind. 

(Tabari)

The three remaining sons of Noah are the three fathers for all the people of the world.
They were believers.

AYAH 78:

And left for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations to come in later times:

(As-Saffat 37:78)

The legacy of Noah is a wonderful legacy because he warned his people for 950 years.
He is classified as one of the 5 strong willed prophets.

Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad are the 5 strong willed prophets.

AYAH 79:

Salamun (peace) be upon Nuh (Noah) (from Us) among the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!"

(As-Saffat 37:79)

When the people of Paradise enter the Paradise, Allah will say: "assalamu alaikum" to them.

The evidence for this is surah 36:58.

(It will be said to them) : Salamun (peace be on you), a Word from the Lord (Allah), And Most Merciful.

(Ya-Sin 36:58)

Salam is the greeting of all the prophets.

AYAH 80:

Verily, thus We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers - see V.2:112).

(As-Saffat 37:80)

Az-Zubair bin Al-'Awwam narrated that the Prophet (saws) said: "The disease of the nations before you is creeping towards you: Envy and hatred, it is the Haliqah. I do not speak of what cuts the hair, but what severs the religion. By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I tell you about what will strengthen that for you? Spread the Salam among each other." 

[Tirmidhi]

The believers are of 3 categories: Muslimun, Muminun and Muhsinun.
The highest category is the Muhsinun.

AYAH 81:

Verily, he [Nuh (Noah)] was one of Our believing slaves. (As-Saffat 37:81)

The best thing in life to become is a slave and the worst thing in life to become is a slave.

If you are a slave of Allah, that is the highest status.
If you are a slave of your evil and corrupted desires, that is the lowest status.

AYAH 82:

Then We drowned the other (disbelievers and polytheists, etc.). (As-Saffat 37:82)

According to ibn, Abbas 80 people went into the ark with Noah.

After giving dawah for 950 years, 80 people believed.

The people of Noah were the first to commit shirk.
Ibn Abbas said between Adam and Noah were 10 generations and they didn't commit shirk.

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said: "Between Nooh (Noah) and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharee'ah (law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners."

[Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree in his tafseer (4/275) No. 4048 and al-Haakim (2/596) No. 4009 who said: "It is authentic according to the criterion of al-Bukhari" Adh-Dhahabe also agreed]

Therefore, the people of Noah were the first to commit shirk.

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAWS) said, “By Him in Whose Hand is my life, you will not enter Paradise till you believe, and you will not believe till you love each other. Shall I not guide you to something which if you do, you will love each other? Give currency to salaam between yourselves.”

[Sahih Muslim (1/74) No. 54, Sunan Abu Dawud (4/350) No. 5193, Sunan Tirmidhi (5/52) 2688, Sunan Ibn Majah (1/47) No. 68, Musnad Ahmad (2/477) No. 10180, al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari (980)]

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