Thursday, July 4, 2013




03 July 2013 (Evening Dars)

Notes by AT8
Edited By Fatimah_38

- Ramadan is expected to start on the 8TH OF JULY this year 
- ALLAH has told us in the HOLY QURAN that HE has given us RAMADAN as a gift.

O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).
(Al-Baqarah 2:183)

- The purpose of RAMADAN is for us to learn TAQWA

>>> WHAT IS TAQWA? <<<

- TAQWA means to place between yourself and the WRATH of ALLAH a BARRIER, by doing what is FARD and abstaining from what is HARAAM
On the authority of Suhail, bin Abi Saleh from his father: ‘A man once asked Abu Hurayra (RA), ‘What is al-taqwa?” He replied, “Have you ever taken a path filled with thorns?” The man replied, “I have.” Abu Hurayra asked him, “What did you do?” He replied, “When I saw a thorn I would dodge it or pass over it or behind it.” Abu Hurayra said, “That is al-taqwa.”’
[Al-Zuhd al-Kabir al-Bayhaqi (p350-351) No. 963]

- The whole purpose of fasting in the holy month of Ramadan is for you to accomplish that TAQWA



- This is because you aim to finish reciting the whole Quran in the month of Ramadan 
- The Quran was revealed in the Month of RAMADAN 
- Even the IMAM in the Masjid completes the QURAN during RAMADAN in his TARAWEEH recitation
 - Taraweeh was done individually, as an individual effort before Umar (r.a.) united the Muslims under one Imam (Ubayy Ibn K'ab) to pray Taraweeh

'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abdul Qari said, "I went out in the company of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, 'Umar said, 'In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)'. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai bin Ka'b. Then on another night, I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, 'Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid'a (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.' He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night."
[Sahih Bukhari (3/45) No. 2010]

- This was one of the greatest achievements of Umar (r.a.) during his caliphate, to unite all the people under one Imam in the Masjid 
- Umar told them to do 20 Rakat for Taraweeh. 

Ibn Taymiyyah said (when refuting the view of those who quoted ‘Umar’s words “What a good innovation this is” as meaning that innovation (bid’ah) is permissible): "With regard to qiyaam in Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) introduced this to his ummah, and he led them in prayer for a number of nights, because at his time they used to pray in congregation and individually. 

But he did not persist in leading them in one congregation, lest that be made obligatory for them. When the Prophet (SAW) died, shariah was established (and would not change after that). When ‘Umar (RA) became caliph, he united them behind one imam, Ubayy ibn Ka’b, who united the people in one congregation on the orders of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA). ‘Umar (RA) was one of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, of whom the Prophet (SAW) said: “I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs after me; cling tightly to it.” So what he did was Sunnah but he said, “What a good innovation this is,” because it was an innovation in the linguistic sense, as they were doing something that they had not done during the life of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), i.e., gathering to do this, but it is Sunnah in the shar’i sense.”
[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (22/234-235)]

- Somebody shouted out Bid'aa and Umar replied this Bid'aa is a Blessing on the Ummah. 
- Taraeweeh is not FARD, and therefore the PROPHET (SAWS) would not lead the people in the Taraweeh prayer, fearing the people would consider it FARD

'A'isha reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) prayed one night in the mosque and people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were many persons. Then on the third or fourth night, (many people) gathered there, but the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) did not come out to them (for leading the Tarawih prayer). When it was morning, he said: I saw what you were doing, but I desisted to come to you (and lead the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might become obligatory for you. (He the narrator) said: It was the month of Ramadan.
[Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Number 1666]

- The Taraweeh prayer is classified by the scholars as SUNNAH MUAKKADA 
- When Umar said BID'AA he was referring to it in a linguistic sense, however it is Sunnah in the Sharia sense 


Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, when speaking about the matter of one who prays ten rak’ahs with the imam, then sits down and waits for Witr and does not complete the Taraaweeh prayers with the imam:

It grieves us deeply that we find in the Muslim ummah a group which differs concerning matters in which differences of opinion are acceptable, and they take these differences as a means to cause division. Differences within the ummah existed at the time of the Sahaabah, yet they remained united. The youth in particular and to all those who are committed to Islam must remain united, because they have enemies who are laying in wait.

Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 4/225 

- Two groups have gone to extremes with regard to this matter.
- The first group denounced everyone who prays more than eleven rak’ahs and said that doing so was bid’ah.
- The second group denounced those who do only eleven rak’ahs and said that they are going against scholarly consensus (ijmaa’). 
- 8 Rakat Taraweeh is the Sunnah of the PROPHET (SAWS) and he added 3 Rakat Witr, making a total of 11 Rakat. 

Let us listen to what Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 
Here we say that we should not go to extremes or be negligent. Some people go to extremes in adhering to the number mentioned in the Sunnah, and say that it is not permissible to do more than the number mentioned in the Sunnah, and they aggressively denounce those who do more than that, saying that they are sinners. 

This is undoubtedly wrong. How can they be sinners, when the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), upon being asked about night prayers, said that they are to be done two by two, and he did not specify any particular number? Of course, the one who asked him about the night prayer did not know the number, because if he did not know how to do it, it is even more likely that he did not know the number. And he was not one of those who served the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) so that we might say that he knew what happened inside his house. Since the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him how to do it but did not say how many times, it may be understood that the matter is broad in scope, and that a person may pray one hundred rak’ahs then pray Witr with one rak’ah. 

With regard to the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Pray as you have seen me praying”, this does not apply in absolute terms even for these people. Hence, they do not say that a person should pray Witr with five rak’ahs sometimes and with seven rak’ahs sometimes and with nine rak’ahs sometimes. If we understand it in absolute terms, then we would have to pray Witr with five rak’ahs sometimes and with seven rak’ahs sometimes and with nine rak’ahs sometimes. But what is meant by the hadeeth is pray as you have seen me praying with regard to how to pray not how many rak’ahs, unless there is a text to state what the number is. 

Whatever the case, a person should not be strict with people with regard to a matter that is broad in scope. We have even seen some brothers who are strict on this matter accusing the imams who pray more than eleven rak’ahs of following bid’ah, and they leave the mosque, thus missing out on the reward of which the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever stands with the imam until he finishes (the prayer), the reward of qiyaam al-layl will be recorded for him.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 806; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 646). Some of them even sit down after completing ten rak’ahs, thus breaking up the rows of worshippers by sitting there, and sometimes they start talking and disturb the people who are praying. 

We have no doubt that their intentions are good and they are doing their best to come to the right conclusion, but that does not mean that they are correct. 

The other group does the opposite. They sternly denounce those who pray only eleven rak’ahs and say that they have gone against scholarly consensus. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell — what an evil destination!”

[al-Nisa’ 4:115]

All the generations who came before you only knew the number as twenty-three rak’ahs, and they denounce anyone who says anything different.

Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 4/73-75 

- Taraweeh is one of the matters in Islam in which different opinions are acceptable. Taraweeh is flexible. Ex. Imam Malik would do 36 Rakat 

Ibn Qudaamah said: The favoured view according to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah (i.e., Imam Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy on him), is that it is twenty rak’ahs. This was the view of al-Thawri, Abu Hanfeefah and al-Shaafa’i. Maalik said it is thirty-six.
[Al-Mughni, (1/457)] 

- There are Masjids that perform 20 Rakat and there are Masjids in which only 8 Rakat are performed. Neither criticizes the other.
- In Darul Harb, they make a big issue about the number of Rakat; the people who do 20 accuse the people who do 8 Rakat of being Lazy. 
- This is not the correct opinion. The correct opinion is that Taraweeh is flexible and you cannot hold it against any Muslim if he decides to pray less or more. 

Narrated Abu Salama ibn Abdur Rahman that he asked Aisha (Allah be pleased with her), "How was the prayer of Allah's Apostle (Peace be upon him) in Ramadan?" She replied, "He did not pray more than eleven raka'at in Ramadan or in any other month. He used to pray four raka'at - let alone their beauty and length - and then he would pray four - let alone their beauty and length - and then he would pray three rak'aat (witr)." She added, "I asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! Do you sleep before praying the witr?' He replied, 'O Aisha, My eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep.'"
(Bukhari, 3/230)

- Therefore if you feel like praying 100 Rakat for your Taraweeh, you are allowed to do so and then pray 1 Rakat of Witr.
- The Saudi Salafis beat the people over their heads, saying they cannot pray more than 11 RAKAT. 
- They take the Hadith of the Messenger (SAWS) of "PRAY AS YOU SEE ME PRAY" out of context.
- We cannot understand it in absolute terms. 
- The meaning of PRAY AS YOU SEE ME PRAY refers to the details of the prayer and not the number of Rakat, because the Prophet (SAWS) prayed different number of Rakat of Taraweeh.
- There are people who leave the Masjid when they finish praying 8 or 11 Rakat. They end up missing the reward of completing the Taraweeh with the Imam.
- These people leave the Salah and then sit down and start having conversations, disturbing the people who are still praying. 
- Only ignorant people make an issue about Taraweeh and use this issue as a means to divide the community. 
- The WICKED SCHOLARS use FIQH issues to divide the community to keep their grip on power and solidify it. 

These are the views of the four imams concerning the number of rak’ahs of Taraaweeh prayer. All of them said something more than eleven rak’ahs. Perhaps the reasons why they said something more than eleven rak’ahs include the following:

1- They thought that the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah did not mean that this was the specific number.

2- A greater number was narrated from many of the salaf.

See al-Mughni, 2/604; al-Majmoo’, 4/32 

- Therefore the 1st Merit of Ramadan is to recite the whole Quran in it. 
 - Did you know that Shi'ites do not pray Taraweeh?
 - Also it is impossible to find a Shiite who has memorized the Quran completely. 
- Whereas the Sunnis prepare themselves for Taraweeh every day in Ramadan, and therefore have millions of HAAFIZ of QURAN
- This is because Taraweeh is an encouragement for you to become a Haafiz to lead the people in prayer 
'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW), said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.' And their intercession will be accepted."

[Musnad Ahmad (2/174) No. 6626, Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/740) No. 2036, Shu'ab al-Eman al-Bayhaqi (3/378) No. 1839]

- Did you know the Quran will intercede for you on the Day of Judgement? 
- Did you kow the RAMDAN wil intercede for you on the Day of Judgment?
- Both the Quran and your Fasting in Ramadan will beg ALLAH to give your PARADISE
- Do not ask the question, how the Quran will speak when the Quran has no tongue. 

Jabir bin Samura (radi allahu 'anhu) reported Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam) as saying, "I know the stone in Makkah which used to pay me Salutations before my advent as a Prophet and I know that even now."
(Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Fada'il, Hadith 5654).

- Only MUNAAFIQS ask such questions 
- A true believer does not ask a question like this because he does not put a limit on the power of ALLAH. 

- When you want ALLAH to speak to you, YOU READ THE QURAN 
- When you want to speak to ALLAH, YOU RECITE YOUR SALAH 
- Therefore you keep in touch with ALLAH during RAMADAN 

An-Nadr bin Shaiban said: "I said to Abu Salamah bin 'Abdur-Rahman: 'Tell me of something that you heard from your father, that he heard from the Messenger of Allah, with no one in between your father and Messenge of Allah concerning the month of Ramadan. He said: 'Yes; my father said: The Messenger of Allah said: 

Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, enjoined the fast of Ramadan upon you, and I have made it Sunnah for you to spend its nights in prayer. Whoever fasts it and spends its nights in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will emerge from his sins as on the day his mother bore him."'
[Sunan al-Nasa'i (4/158) No. 2210, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/355) No. 1328, Musnad Ahmad (1/191) No. 1660] (Daeef)

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven."
[Sahih Bukhari (1/16) No. 38]


Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said, "Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven."
[Al-Bukhari (2014) and Muslim (760)]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven."
[Sahih Bukhari (1/16) No. 38]

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, ''There is not a servant who fasts a day in the way of Allah, except that Allah removes his face from the Fire by the distance of seventy years because of that.''
[Al-Bukhari (2840) and Muslim (1153)]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The five daily prayers, Friday prayer to the following Friday prayer, and Ramadan to the following Ramadan are expiations for sins as long as one abstains from major sins."
[Sahih Muslim (1/209) No. 233 and Musnad Ahmad (2/400) No. 9186]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven."
[Al-Bukhari (37) and Muslim (759)]


 اغْزُوا تَغْنَمُوا، وَصُومُوا تَصِحُّوا، وَسَافِرُوا تَسْتَغْنُوا

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Take part in battles, and you will receive booty. Fast, and you will be healthy. Travel and you will find your sustenance.”
[Al-Mu’jam al-Awsat al-Tabarani (8/174) No. 8312]

- We live in a time when obesity has become rife, and when you fast in Ramadan you reduce weight and lighten your stomach. 

On the authority of Abu Huraira (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Fast and you will be healthy".
[Related by Abu Naeem in 'al-Tibbun al-Nabawee' (1/236) No. 113]

صوموا تصحوا

- When you fast you start fighting against Obesity. Your stomach shrinks during Ramadan and therefore you eat less and lose weight. 

Mu’adh bin Rifa’ah narrated from his father, that he said: ‘Abu Bakr as-Siddiq stood on the pulpit and wept and said, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) stood on the pulpit in the first year (of hijrah) and wept and said: “Ask Allah for pardon and health, for none is given anything better than health, after faith.”’
[Sunan al-Tirmidhi (5/557) No. 3558, Musnad Ahmad (1/7) No. 34]

Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “There are two blessings that of which many people are careless: health and leisure.”
[Sahih Bukhari (8/88) No. 6412, Sunan al-Tirmidhi (4/550) No. 2304, Sunan Ibn Majah No. 4170, Sunan al-Darime (2/385) No. 2707, Musnad Ahmad (1/344) No. 3207]

حدثنا أبو إسرائيل الجشمي، عن شيخ لهم يقال له: جعدة، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم رأى لرجل رؤيا، قال: فبعث إليه، فجاء، فجعل يقصها عليه، وكان الرجل عظيم البطن، قال: فجعل يقول: بأصبعه في بطنه: " لو كان هذا في غير هذا، لكان خيرا لك

On seeing a fat man, the Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “If you did not have a paunch (big belly), it would be better for you. He also said: Overeating does not go with good health.”
[Musnad Ahmad (4/339) No. 19005, al-Mu'jam al-Kabir al-Tabarani (2/284) No. 2184, Majma al-Zawaid al-Haythami (5/35) No. 7962]

عن مجاهد، قال: قال عمر: أيها الناس، إياكم والبطنة من الطعام، فإنها مكسلة عن الصلاة، مفسدة للجسد، مورثة للسقم، وأن الله تبارك وتعالى يبغض الحبر السمين، ولكن عليكم بالقصد في قوتكم، فإنه أدنى من الإصلاح، وأبعد من السرف، وأقوى على عبادة الله، وإنه لن يهلك عبد حتى يؤثر شهوته على دينه

On the authority of Mujahid that Umar Ibn al-Khattab said: “O people! Beware of obesity caused by food because it makes you lazy from Salah, it makes your body weak and unhealthy, and truly Allah dislikes the obese man. Rather, you should observe modesty (and intent) with regards to your provisions and food, as that is closer to piety, far from excessiveness and strengthens one in worshipping Allah. And a slave will not fall into destruction until his desires become dearer to him than his religion.”
[Al-Ju' Ibn Abi al-Dunya (pg. 72) No. 81 and al-Tibb al-Nabawi Abu Naeem (1/243-244) No. 127]

عن الحسن، أن عمر بن الخطاب، رضي الله عنه رأى رجلا عظيم البطن فقال: ما هذا؟ قال: بركة من الله، قال: بل عذاب

On the authority of al-Hassan that Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) saw a man with a big belly and said, “What is this?!” The man replied, “This is Barakah (a blessing) from Allah.” Umar said. “No, it is a punishment from Allah!”
[Hadeeth Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Ansari (pg. 52) No. 42, Mu'jam al-Shuyookh al-Subki (pg. 531-532)]

- To have your health is the most important asset you can have. Even Haroun Al Rashid was willing to give up his Caliphate and Power in return for good health.

Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The believer eats in one intestine, while the disbeliever eats in seven intestines.’
[Al-Bukhari (5393) and Muslim (2061)]

Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib (RA) reported that he heard Allah’s Messenger say, “A man does not fill a vessel worse than his belly. Enough for the son of Adam are a few morsels to keep his back straight. But, if it is unavoidable then let him apportion one third for his food, one-third for his drink and one-third for his breath.”
[Sunan Tirmidhi (4/590) No. 2380, Sunan Ibn Majah (4/448) No. 3349, Musnad Ahmad (4/132) No. 17225]

- A Kaafir and a Munaafiq eat with 7 intestines because they worship their belly and their private parts and are in love with the Dunya 


- This is because when you feel the pangs of hunger, you do not break your fast, not even one minute before the time to break it. 

On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin al-Harith al-Asharee (RA) who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Purity is half of iman (faith). ‘al-hamdu lillah (praise be to Allah)’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah (how far is Allah from every imperfection) and ‘al-hamdulillah (praise be to Allah)’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the salah (prayer) is a light, and charity is a proof, and patience is illumination, and the Qur’an is a proof either for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or causing its ruin."
[Sahih Muslim (1/203) No. 223]


And seek help in patience and As-Salāt (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khāshi'ûn [i.e. the true believers in Allāh - those who obey Allāh with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)].

(Al-Baqarah 2:45)

Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allāh ordered, by following the true Faith of Islāmic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).

(Ash-Shams 91:9)

- ALLAH is with the ones who hold on to PATIENCE
- Ramadan teaches you Sabr


The month of Ramadān in which was revealed the Qur'ān, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadān i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts)
(Al-Baqarah 2:185)

And obey Allāh and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, Allāh is with those who are As-Sābirin (the patient ones, etc.).
(Al-Anfal 8:46)

 - Ramadan teaches you unity because you fast in the same month altogether with the rest of MUSLIMS, all over the world 


- When you are fasting in Ramadan, you allow people to your house to break the fast together 

It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say, “Do not keep company with anyone but a believer and do not let anyone eat your food but one who is pious.”
[Sunan Tirmidhi (4/600) No. 2395, Sunan Abu Dawood (4/259) No. 4832, Musnad Ahmad (3/38) No. 11355]

- You are not allowed to invite Hypocrites who are not fasting to your house 
- The Prophet (SAWS) said you should only allow righteous people to eat your food 
- Do not have your wife slaving away in the kitchen, cooking food for people who are not even fasting. 
- If you use your hard-earned money to feed fasting people, you get the Barakah of their fast, without them losing their fast 
- Therefore by inviting Muslims to your home to eat your food and break their fast with you, you are enhancing the ISLAMIC brotherhood and sisterhood 

Zayd ibn Khalid Juhanni reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “If anyone gives to a person who is fasting something with which to break his fast then for him is an equivalent reward without the least being diminished from the reward of the fasting person”.
[Sunan Tirmidhi (3/171) No. 807, Musnad Ahmad (4/114) No. 17074, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/632) No. 1746]


- This is because when you feel the pangs of hunger you do not lock yourself up in a room and eat secretly.
- You are aware that even though you can hide from the eyes of Men, you cannot hide from ALLAH 

On the authority of Muadh bin Jabal (RA) who said: I said, "O Messenger of Allah, tell me of an act which will take me into Paradise and will keep me away from the Hellfire." He (SAW) said, "You have asked me about a great matter, yet it is easy for him for whom Allah makes it easy: worship Allah, without associating any partners with Him; establish the prayer; pay the zakat ; fast in Ramadhan; and make the pilgrimage to the House." Then he (SAW) said, "Shall I not guide you towards the means of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity wipes away sin as water extinguishes fire; and the praying of a man in the depths of the night." Then he (SAW) recited: "[Those] who forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s cause) out of what We have bestowed on them. 

No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do." [as-Sajdah, 16-17] Then he (SAW) said, "Shall I not inform you of the head of the matter, its pillar and its peak?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He (SAW) said, "The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad." Then he (SAW) said, "Shall I not tell you of the foundation of all of that?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." So he took hold of his tongue and said, "Restrain this." I said, "O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?" He (SAW) said, "May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?"
[Sunan Tirmidhi (5/11) No. 2616, Sunan Ibn Majah (5/116) No. 3973, Musnad Ahmad (5/231) No. 22069]

- If a Muslim woman should catch her husband eating in Ramadan, she should divorce him with FASKH (annulment) because he has no Taqwa
- This person is not marriage material, because if he is willing to cheat ALLAH he will be ready to cheat on his wife


O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).

(Al-Baqarah 2:183)

- When you fast in Ramadan you are saying: O ALLAH I read YOUR commandment in the QURAN and here I am obeying it. 
- The Hypocrites do not fast in Ramadan

MERIT # 10

- You learn to take your meals at different times of the day without a problem 
- Now you do not eat at 8am, instead you eat until you hear the Azan for Fajr and rush to break your fast when you hear the Azan for Maghrib 
- The Fajr and Maghrib AZANS are very important in Ramadan 
- You are not allowed to delay opening your fast. 
- As soon as you hear the Muazzin say ALLAHUAKBAR ALLAHUAKBAR, you should rush to break your fast. 

Sahl ibn Sad reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, "The people will remain on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast."
[Al-Bukhari (1957) and Muslim (1098)]

MERIT # 11

- You are fasting because you are part of the UMMAH of MUHAMMAD
- When Jews and Christians fast they do not receive any Barakah. 
- If they want Barakah for fasting they must first take their SHAHADAH 

And nothing prevents their contributions from being accepted from them except that they disbelieved in Allāh and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW); and that they came not to As-Salāt (the prayer) except in a lazy state; and that they offer not contributions but unwillingly.

(At-Tawbah 9:54)

 - The SHAHADAH has two parts. You must testify that there is no GOD but ALLAH, and you must testify that MUHAMMAD (SAWS) is His Messenger 

And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust.

(Al-Furqan 25:23)

- The good deeds of mankind will only be accepted if they take their Shahadah

As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allāh with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allāh is Swift in taking account.

(An-Nur 24:39)

And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allāh's Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allāh, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers."

(Az-Zumar 39:65)

- Ex. Mother Teresa will not have her deeds accepted because she worshipped three Gods. 

MERIT # 12

- The Battle of Badr was on the 17th of Ramadan 
- The Conquest of Makkah was on the 20th of Ramadan 
- NATO uses the JINN to tell them where the Mujahideen are hiding. Therefore if the Shayaateen are in CHAINS, they cannot help the KUFFAAR and the MUSLIMS gain many victories 
- Spain was conquered in Ramadan 93 years after the Hijra 
- The Battle of Hittin was in Ramadan 583 years after the Hijra. This is when Salahuddin Ayyubi defeated the Crusaders 
- This battle of Salahuddin was another turning point in History because he brought an end to the Crusader rule in the Holy Land 
- The Battle of Ain Jaloot was on the 25th of Ramadan in the year 658 AH 
- The Muslims fought and defeated the Tartars in the Battle of Ain Jaloot.  
- The people used to think the Tartars were invincible, but the Muslims defeated them and put an end to their empire. 

MERIT # 13

- There are many people who have never suffered hunger once in their lives and cannot understand what poor people are going through 
- Even if you are a millionaire you are deprived in Ramadan of food and drink and get a chance to experience the pangs of hunger and become charitable 

Anas narrated that: the Prophet was asked which fast was most virtuous after Ramadan? He said: "Sha'ban in honor of Ramadan" He said: "Which charity is best?" He (SAW) said: "Charity in Ramadan."
[Sunan Tirmidhi (3/42) No. 663] (Daeef)

MERIT # 14

- If you are spending more in Ramadan there is something wrong.

MERIT # 15

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “There may be a fasting person who gets nothing more from his fast than hunger and thirst, and there may be a person who prays qiyaam and all he gets from his qiyaam is a sleepless night.”
[Musnad Ahmad (2/373) No. 8843, Sunan Ibn Majah (2/591) No. 1690, Sunan al-Darime (2/390) No. 2720, Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (3/242) No. 1997]
- You have to abandon wicked speech and actions and are not allowed to backbite and slander. 
- You are not allowed to look at woman lustfully. 

Ubaid, the freed slave of the Prophet (SAW), reported “Two women were once fasting during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger and they almost died of thirst. This was mentioned to the Prophet (SAW) but he turned away from (allowing) them (to break the fast). Then they were mentioned to him again, so he called for them and ordered them to vomit, i.e. throw up, what was in their stomachs. So they both vomited and filled up a bowl with puss, blood and pieces of flesh. Then the Prophet (SAW) said: ‘These two fasted by refraining from what Allah made lawful for them. but they broke their fast by doing what Allah made unlawful for them. One of them sat with the other and they began to eat from the flesh of people.’”
[Musnad Ahmad (5/431) No. 23703]

- You must avoid all kinds of harmful interactions, eating, drinking, viewing, speaking, hearing, doing etc. 

 Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said, "Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)
[Sahih Bukhari (3/26) No. 1903]
- When you fast your eyes are fasting, your hands are fasting, your feet are fasting, your tongue is fasting and your private parts are fasting
- You can only sleep with your wife in Ramadan after Maghrib 

O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).

(Al-Baqarah 2:183)
- If you cannot control your evil and corrupted desires you are beneath the level of the cattle 

Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle).
(Al-Furqan 25:44)

- The whole purpose of Ramadan is to teach you self-restraint so you can control your evil and corrupted desires 
- Today the AIDS virus has become pandemic because KAAFIRs are unable to control their evil and corrupted desires. 
- The hotspots for Aids all over the world are Kaafir countries. 

>>>Top 10 Countries for Aids<<<<

1. Swaziland
2. Botswana
3. Lesotho
4. South Africa
5. Namibia
6. Zimbabwe
7. Zambia
8. Mozambique
9. Malawi
10. Kenya

- Most of the men in these countries are uncircumcised and it’s very easy for them to catch Aids. The uncircumcised man is like a DOG.
- A Muslim woman is not allowed to marry a man who is not circumcised.
- This is Hanbali Fiqh. 

MERIT # 16

- LAILAT Al QADR is better than a thousand months 

Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'ān) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

(Al-Qadr 97:1)

And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?

(Al-Qadr 97:2)

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said, "Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven."
[Al-Bukhari (2014) and Muslim (760)]

Abu Huraira narrated the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven."
[Al-Bukhari (37) and Muslim (759)

The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allāh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). (Al-Qadr 97:3)

- Therefore even though our life span is short compared to the previous generations, we will be able to compete with them with regards to pious deeds, all because of Lailat al Qadr
- Lailat AL QADR, is a GIFT from ALLAH, exclusively to the UMMAH of MUHAMMAD (SAWS) 

 MERIT # 17
“When the month of Ramadan arrives, go for ‘umrah, because 'umrah in Ramadan is like accompanying me on Hajj.”
[Sahîh al-Bukhârî (1764)]

 MERIT # 18

Abu Huraira (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: 'Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for Me, and I will reward him for it.' Fasting is a shield. When anyone of you is observing fast, he should neither indulge in obscene language nor should he raise his voice; and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him, he should say: 'I am fasting.' By Him in Whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, the breath of one observing Saum is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when he meets his Rubb."
[Al-Bukhari (1904) and Muslim (1151)]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, 'I am fasting." The Prophet added, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), 'He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times.'"
[Sahih Bukhari (3/24-25) No. 1894]

MERIT # 19

Narrated from Abu Hurayra (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said: “When Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.”
[Al-Bukhari (1899) and Muslim (1079)]
MERIT # 20

Sahl ibn Sa'd reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "There is a gate in the Garden called ar-Rayyan which those who fast will enter on the Day of Rising, and none but they will enter it." It will be said, 'Where are the fasters?' They will stand up and none but they will enter it.
When they have entered it, it will be closed and no one else will enter it."
[Al-Bukhari (1896) and Muslim (1152)]

 - There are 8 Gates in each of the 7 different Paradise

 The eight doors of Jannah are as follows:

1)      Baabus Salaah: Those who were punctual in observing their Salaah will be granted entry through this door.

2)      Baabul Jihad: Those who participated in Jihad will be granted entry through this door.

3)      Baabus Sadaqah: Those who frequently gave Sadaqah will be admitted into Jannah through this door.

4)      Baabur Rayyaan: The people who constantly observed the fast will be granted entry through this door.
5)      Baabul Hajj: Those who observe the pilgrimage will be admitted through this door.

 6)      Baabul Kaazimeenal Ghaiz Wal ‘Aafina ‘Anin Naas: This door is reserved for those who suppress their anger and pardon others.

 7)      Baabul Aiman: This door is reserved for the entry of such people who are saved from reckoning and chastisement.

 8)      Baabuz Zikr: Those who excessively remembered Allah will be admitted through this door.

MERIT # 21

It was narrated that Abu Hurayra (RA) said: The Prophet (SAW) ascended the minbar and said: “Ameen, ameen, ameen.” It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you ascended the minbar and said, ‘Ameen, ameen, ameen.” He said: “Jibreel (peace be upon him) came to me and said: ‘If Ramadan comes and a person is not forgiven, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘O Muhammad, if both or one of a person’s parents are alive and he does not honour them and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. He said: ‘If you are mentioned in a person’s presence and he does not send blessings upon you and he dies, he will enter Hell and Allah will cast him far away. Say Ameen.’ So I said Ameen.”
[Sahih Ibn Hibban, (3/188) No. 907 and Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (3/192) No. 1888]

- When this guest leaves we are all sad because our guest makes us become pious