Friday, July 12, 2013

THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM (THE 7 PURIFYING WATERS)


THE SHARH OF BULUGH AL MARAAM: THE 7 PURIFYING WATERS
By Shaikh Abdullah Faisal
(Edited by Muminah_29)
06 Jan 2013 (Evening Dars)

Book 1 Chapter 1 (Water) page 18

2. Abu Sa'id alKhudri (RAA), narrated that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Water is Tahur (i.e. pure in itself and it purifies other things) and nothing defiles it"
[Related by the three Imams, and Ahmad graded it as Sahih (authentic)]

TOPIC: THE 7 TYPES OF PURIFYING WATER

3. Narrated Abu Umamah alBahili (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Water is not defiled by anything, except for what changes (affects) its smell, taste or color."
[Related by Ibn Majah, but declared weak by Abu Hatim]

4. Imam alBaihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators):
"Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

Abu Sa'eed alKhudri (RA) narrated that someone asked: O Messenger of Allah, should we do wudoo' from Bi'r Budaa'ah (a well)? It is a well in which menstrual rags, the flesh of dogs and rotten things are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Water is a means of purification and nothing makes it impure.”
[Sunan Abu Dawud (1/17) No. 66, Sunan Tirmidhi (1/9596) No. 66, Sunan alNasa'i (1/174) No. 326, Musnad Ahmad (3/86) No. 11836]

Women used to throw their sanitary towels in a well and people used to use that water for wudu.
So they asked the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) about it
However, people didn't throw the flesh of dogs and sanitary pads deliberately.
They threw the pads somewhere else
But the rains washed these impurities into the well
So this never happened (that they threw the pads in the well deliberately)
When the rains washed the impurities into the well that was when they asked the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) about it.
This is a general hadith

3. Narrated Abu Umamah alBahili (RAA): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Water is not defiled by anything, except for what changes (affects) its smell, taste or color."
[Related by Ibn Majah, but declared weak by Abu Hatim]

4. Imam alBaihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators): "Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

So if you have water and impurities fell inside of it, you are not allowed to classify it as contaminated unless it has an odour or colour.
But the water is classified as contaminated water, which is unfit for drinking, wudu and ghusl when the odour, colour or taste changes.

So according to usool ul Fiqh (Principles of Fiqh) when you have 2 hujjah that are conflicting
One is general and the other is specific
You act upon the hujjah that is specific

5. 'Abdullah Ibn 'Umar' (RAA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "Any amount of water that is sufficient to fill two pitchers, is not easily contaminated by impurity (Najasah)"
[Another narration says: "'It does not become impure"]
[Related by the four Imams Ibn Khuzaimah alHakim and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih]

Whenever water is huge in quantity, it is not easily contaminated

The minimum threshold is Qullatain, which the scholars say is equal to 2 pots
2 pots of water is equal to 270Litres or 71 USA gallons or 59 UK gallons.
When the Prophet (SAWS) said water is not contaminated by anything he was referring to water, which is above 270Litres
Any amount of water, which is below 270L, is easily contaminated.
If impurities should fall into any water, which is below 270L we should assume that it is contaminated water.
Please bear in mind this is the Shafi and Hanbali view.



THE 7 TYPES OF PURIFYING WATER

Purifying water is water that is fit for wudu, ghusl

1. RAIN WATER

2. SEA WATER

3. RIVER WATER

4. WELL WATER

5. SPRING WATER

6. SNOW WATER

7. HAIL WATER

These waters remain in the pure form Allah created them

And these are what the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) meant by water is intrinsically pure and nothing contaminates it

Then he said you are not allowed to render water impure until it develops an odour, color or smell because najasa (impurity) fell in it

Water is of 3 types in regards to its level of purity

1. THE PURIFYING WATER

This is the water that remains in its pure form Allah created it in, and it was not mixed with any other substance

2. THE PURE WATER

Water mixed with a pure substance
E.g. mixed with sugar and lime and it became lemonade
Water mixed with orange juice is called pure water
But it is haraam to use for wudu and ghusl
Only purifying water can be used for wudu and ghusl.
Water that remains in its pure state is classified as purifying water.

3. CONTAMINATED WATER

Water that is mixed with an impure substance
It is not suitable for wudu or ghusl, and it is haraam to drink
Islamic scholars say the foremost water that should be in our minds is the river water and the spring water
These cannot be contaminated easily
This is when you read the hadith * water is naturally pure*
This is what should come to mind
The river and spring water
The Fuqahaa (the Islamic Jurists) agree if impurities fall in water it does not have to develop all three signs to render the water impure
One sign is sufficient to render the water impure
These are the three signs:  odour, colour & taste
One of these signs is sufficient to render the water contaminated
The Fuqahaa agree; any amount of water large or small is pure even if impurities drop in it, if it does not have any of the three signs present


4. Imam alBaihaqi reported (through his chain of narrators): "Water is Tahur except when its smell, taste or odor is changed by a Najasah, which affects it."

Imaam Shaafi & Imaam Ahmad stated that
If the water is less than 270 litres and impurities drop in it you are OBLIGED to render it contaminated
If the water is 270 litres and above and impurities drop in it
And it did not develop one of the 3 signs (i.e. odour, colour, taste)
You have to render the water PURE
Hence 270 litres is the threshold
270 litres of water is considered a large enough body of water, which is capable of fighting impurites.
The Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) also mentioned the 270 litres amount as the amount, which does not carry germs.


THE LEFTOVERS OF PEOPLE AND ANIMALS

1. The leftovers of peoples food and drink is considered pure

Even if the person who ate and drank from the container was a kaafir
Because a kaafir impurities are 'spiritual'
And none of the 4 Great Imaams said it was haraam to use a kaffir as a wet nurse for a child.
Those who say there is cause for concern for a kaafir woman to be a wet nurse for a Muslim child say this because they are concerned about the wet nurse passing on her infidel personality to the Muslim child

2. The leftover water of a Cat

This is considered pure
And it is suitable for wudu & ghusl

3. The leftovers of the Fowl

If the fowl is caged, the leftover is PURE
If the fowl is let loose, the leftover is rendered Makrooh

4. The leftovers of Halaal animals like Sheep, Goats, Cows, Camels and Horses

The Fuqahaa rendered the leftovers of these 5 animals as pure and suitable for wudu & ghusl
Because these animals are halaal to eat

5. The leftovers of Mules and Donkeys

The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of Mules and Donkeys as Makrooh because Donkeys are haraam to eat.
Please bear in mind that the zebra is halal to eat because it is not a domesticated donkey, it is a wild donkey.

6. The leftovers of Dogs

The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of dogs as haraam
Because the water is contaminated
Hence wudu & ghusl in such water would be baatil (void)
When the dog licks your pots you have to wash it SEVEN TIMES
THE FIRST TIME with dirt

It was narrated from Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times, the first time with dust."
[Sahih Muslim (1/234) No. 279, Sunan alNasa'i (1/177) No. 338, Musnad Ahmad (2/427) No. 9507]

If the dogs’ saliva should drip on your trousers it is haraam to pray in those trousers.

7. The leftovers of Pigs

The Fuqahaa have rendered the leftovers of the pig as contaminated water
Therefore it is haraam to use it for Wudu or Ghusl rendering Salaah baatil.

Whenever water is rendered contaminated it is haraam to use if for drinking or ibadaat (wudu & ghusl)
However this contaminated water can be used for Aadaat
Aadaat = cultural habits of the people
E.g. can be used for washing buildings, cars, etc but NOT for wudu & ghusl

QUESTION 1:

Please give the ruling of the women wearing nail polish in general as a form of beautification and in regards to salah. Also, is the Muslim who is tattooed (revert) and has the money to remove it but does not, is he committing a sin?

ANSWER 1:

The shaikhs said they have to take it off because you have to make wudu
Some say you don't but this is incorrect
Wudu with nail polish is baatil
With henna or kohl you wudu is valid
If the tattoo is visible e.g on your hand and it is promoting a kaafir symbol like the cross it MUST be removed
The tattoos of Free Masonic symbols have to be removed whether they are visible or not
The tattoos that depict pictures of other religions have to be removed
If tattoos are hidden with your clothing you don't have to remove it if it does not depict evil symbols.
You had tattoo before shahadah
Removal of tattoos will be waajib if you have things that are of kufr
Also name tattoos must be removed
Names of ex wife etc, will offend your new wife
A non-visible flower tattoo for example, does not need to be removed if it is not offensive to your spouse or the rest of the Ummah.



QUESTION 2:

If the water has one or more signs of contamination can we run it through a filter, purify it, and use it. OR do we render it unsuitable once it's been contaminated before.


ANSWER 2:

You use it for aadaat not ibaadaat
You can use it to wash cars but not for worship
If a water expert says that a purifier can rid the water of the three signs of contamination, you can use this water for wudu
If contaminated water is not available you perform tayammum
You can drink it if needed to survive (to save your life) because Allah allows you to eat pork in Surah Baqarah vs 173 to save your life

He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a scrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allah's Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al Baqarah 2:173)



QUESTION 3:

When performing Salaah, kindly advise how long a time gap can be between the Fard & the Sunnah. e.g. let's say you finish Salaatul Isha and the phone is ringing, can you attend the phone call, and THEN perform the Sunnah afterwards? If yes, is there a time limit on your phone call?

ANSWER 3:

The recommended time you should spend between Sunnah and Fard is 5 minutes because the Sunnah has to be performed immediately after the Fard.

QUESTION 4:

You mentioned the saliva of the dog. What about hunting dogs that catch the game, I have heard the saliva of the dog is specific to utensils?

ANSWER 4:

They ask you (O Muhammad) what is lawful for them (as food ). Say: "Lawful unto you are At-Tayyibat [all kind of Halal (lawful-good) foods which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.)]. And those beasts and birds of prey which you have trained as hounds, training and teaching them (to catch) in the manner as directed to you by Allah; so eat of what they catch for you, but pronounce the Name of Allah over it, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Swift in reckoning." (Surah Al Maidah 5: 4)

The above-mentioned ayah allows you to use Hunting dogs for the game, but you need to slaughter the animal when the dog brings it to you to make it halal